CN214436998U - Intelligent smoke exhaust preventing device in fire engineering - Google PatentsIntelligent smoke exhaust preventing device in fire engineering Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN214436998U CN214436998U CN202120016485.9U CN202120016485U CN214436998U CN 214436998 U CN214436998 U CN 214436998U CN 202120016485 U CN202120016485 U CN 202120016485U CN 214436998 U CN214436998 U CN 214436998U
- Prior art keywords
- Prior art date
- 239000000779 smoke Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 62
- 238000004140 cleaning Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 24
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 24
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 17
- 230000002265 prevention Effects 0.000 claims abstract description 13
- 238000009434 installation Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 12
- 239000007921 spray Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 11
- 235000019504 cigarettes Nutrition 0.000 claims abstract description 10
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000005507 spraying Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000009298 carbon filtering Methods 0.000 claims 3
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 abstract description 11
- 239000003517 fume Substances 0.000 abstract description 11
- 229910052799 carbon Inorganic materials 0.000 abstract description 9
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 abstract description 8
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 abstract description 4
- 239000002351 wastewater Substances 0.000 description 6
- 241000893018 Armeria Species 0.000 description 3
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 description 3
- 230000001276 controlling effect Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005406 washing Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000009825 accumulation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005540 biological transmission Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001680 brushing Effects 0.000 description 1
- 125000004122 cyclic group Chemical group 0.000 description 1
- 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000012535 impurity Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000638 stimulation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000009423 ventilation Methods 0.000 description 1
An intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire engineering comprises a smoke exhaust frame; the both sides of row's cigarette frame all are provided with the connecting tube rather than being linked together, all be provided with filter equipment in the connecting tube of both sides, filter equipment includes metal filters and active carbon filter screen, the outside of both sides connecting tube all is provided with the mounting panel of two longitudinal symmetries, it is provided with the gyro wheel to rotate on the mounting panel, install the drive belt on a plurality of gyro wheels, be provided with a plurality of cleaning device on the drive belt, cleaning device is including the installation axle, installation roller and brush hair, the inside of frame of discharging fume is provided with the fan of discharging fume, the top of row's cigarette frame is provided with the water tank, the both sides of water tank all are connected with water jet equipment, the outside of a plurality of gyro wheels all is provided with the seal box. The utility model has good filtering effect, is green and environment-friendly, and the arranged cleaning device can clean the dust accumulated on the filtering device; and can spray water to filter equipment through the water jet equipment who sets up, reduce the dust in the smog, can also wash filter equipment.
The utility model relates to a fume extractor technical field especially relates to an intelligent smoke exhaust prevention device among fire engineering.
After a fire disaster occurs, dense smoke can be generated, a large amount of dense smoke floats on the upper layer, people escape from the dense smoke, if the human body is improperly protected, the dense smoke is easily sucked into the human body, so that the human body is faint or suffocated, eyes can not be opened due to stabbing pain caused by the stimulation of the smoke, and the smoke can be used as a barrier for escaping from the fire disaster.
When the intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in the existing fire engineering is used, a filter screen is inconvenient to clean, and the filter screen is easy to block after being used for a long time; if the heat and dust in the smoke are directly discharged into the air, the air can be polluted greatly.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Objects of the invention
In order to solve the technical problems existing in the background technology, the utility model provides an intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in the fire engineering, which has good filtering effect and is green and environment-friendly, and can clean the dust accumulated on the metal filter screen and the active carbon filter screen through the arranged cleaning device; the water spraying device can spray water to the filtering device, so that dust in smoke is reduced, the filtering device can be washed, and the filtering device is prevented from being blocked; the filter that sets up can filter the waste water in the seal box, can carry out circulation recycle in the water tank with the water suction after filtering under the work of first water pump, has practiced thrift the use of water resource.
(II) technical scheme
The utility model provides an intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire engineering, which comprises a smoke exhaust frame; the smoke exhaust frame is in a bottom opening shape, connecting pipelines communicated with the smoke exhaust frame are arranged on two sides of the smoke exhaust frame, filtering devices are arranged in the connecting pipelines on the two sides, each filtering device comprises a metal filter screen and an active carbon filter screen, a spacing space is arranged between the metal filter screen and the active carbon filter screen, two mounting plates which are vertically symmetrical are arranged outside the connecting pipelines on the two sides, rollers are rotatably arranged on the mounting plates, a second driving motor for driving the rollers to rotate is arranged on the mounting plates, a driving belt is arranged on the rollers, a part of the driving belt is arranged between the metal filter screen and the active carbon filter screen, a plurality of cleaning devices are arranged on the driving belt, openings for the cleaning devices to pass through are arranged on the smoke exhaust frame and the connecting pipelines, each cleaning device comprises a mounting shaft, a mounting roller and brush bristles, the mounting shafts and the brush bristles are respectively arranged on the inner side and the outer side of the mounting rollers, the installation hub rotation sets up on the drive belt, and the inside of frame of discharging fume is provided with the fan of discharging fume, and the outside of frame of discharging fume is provided with and is used for the drive to discharge fume a pivoted driving motor, and the top of frame of discharging fume is provided with the water tank, and the both sides of water tank all are connected with water jet equipment, and the outside of a plurality of gyro wheels all is provided with the seal box, and forms inclosed structure between seal box and the frame of discharging fume and the connecting tube.
Preferably, water jet equipment includes two shower nozzles, a trunk line, two branch pipelines and a second water pump, and the second water pump setting is in the inside of water tank, and the trunk line is connected with the output of second water pump, and two branch pipelines all communicate with the trunk line, and both sides shower nozzle all sets up in the connecting tube and are located filter equipment's both sides respectively, and the shower nozzle is connected with the branch pipeline that corresponds.
Preferably, the bottom of both sides connecting tube has all seted up the outlet, and the connecting tube passes through the outlet and communicates with the seal box that corresponds one side.
Preferably, the two seal boxes positioned at the bottom end are both connected with a filter, and the output end of the filter is connected with a first water pipe; be provided with first water pump on the water tank, the filter of both sides all is connected with the output of first water pump through first water pipe, and the input of first water pump is provided with the second water pipe, and the second water pipe setting is in the inside of water tank.
Preferably, both sides of the filtering device are provided with water retaining strips, and the water outlet is positioned between the water retaining strips on both sides.
Preferably, the inside and outside of smoke exhaust frame is provided with smoke alarm and controlling means respectively, controlling means and the equal electric connection of smoke alarm, first driving motor, second driving motor, first water pump and second water pump.
Compared with the prior art, the above technical scheme of the utility model following profitable technological effect has: the driving belt can be driven to rotate through the work of the second motor, the plurality of cleaning devices arranged on the driving belt can rotate along with the driving belt, and when the cleaning devices move between the metal filter screen and the active carbon filter screen, the arranged bristles can clean dust accumulated on the metal filter screen and the active carbon filter screen; the water spraying device can spray water to the filtering device to reduce dust in smoke, and the filtering device can be washed to prevent the filtering device from being blocked; the filter that sets up can filter the waste water in the seal box, can carry out circulation recycle in the water tank with the water suction after filtering under the work of first water pump, has practiced thrift the use of water resource.
Fig. 1 is the utility model provides an intelligent smoke exhaust prevention device's among the fire engineering structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic structural view at a in fig. 1.
Reference numerals: 1. a smoke exhaust frame; 2. connecting a pipeline; 3. a sealing box; 4. a water tank; 5. a first water pump; 6. a first drive motor; 7. a smoke exhaust fan; 8. a transmission belt; 9. a cleaning device; 91. installing a shaft; 92. mounting a roller; 93. brushing; 10. a metal filter screen; 11. an active carbon filter screen; 12. a filter; 13. a roller; 14. mounting a plate; 15. a spray head; 16. a main pipeline; 17. dividing pipelines; 18. a first water pipe; 19. a water bar; 20. a water outlet; 21. a smoke alarm; 22. and a control device.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the description is intended to be illustrative only and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Moreover, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the concepts of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-2, the utility model provides an intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire-fighting engineering, which comprises a smoke exhaust frame 1; the exhaust frame 1 is in a bottom opening shape, the two sides of the exhaust frame 1 are provided with connecting pipelines 2 communicated with the exhaust frame 1, the connecting pipelines 2 on the two sides are internally provided with a filtering device, the filtering device comprises a metal filter screen 10 and an activated carbon filter screen 11, a spacing space is arranged between the metal filter screen 10 and the activated carbon filter screen 11, two mounting plates 14 which are vertically symmetrical are arranged outside the connecting pipelines 2 on the two sides, rollers 13 are arranged on the mounting plates 14 in a rotating manner, a second driving motor for driving the rollers 13 to rotate is arranged on the mounting plates 14, a driving belt 8 is arranged on the rollers 13, a part of the driving belt 8 is arranged between the metal filter screen 10 and the activated carbon filter screen 11, the driving belt 8 is provided with a plurality of cleaning devices, the exhaust frame 1 and the connecting pipelines 2 are respectively provided with openings for the cleaning devices to pass through, and the cleaning devices comprise mounting shafts 91, Installation roller 92 and brush hair 93, installation axle 91 and brush hair 93 set up the inside and outside at installation roller 92 respectively, installation axle 91 rotates and sets up on drive belt 8, the inside of row's cigarette frame 1 is provided with smoke exhaust fan 7, and the outside of frame 1 of just discharging fume is provided with and is used for the drive to discharge fume fan 7 pivoted first driving motor 6, the top of row's cigarette frame 1 is provided with water tank 4, water tank 4's both sides all are connected with water jet equipment, the outside of a plurality of gyro wheels 13 all is provided with seal box 3, and form inclosed structure between seal box 3 and row's cigarette frame 1 and the connecting tube 2.
In an optional embodiment, the water spraying device includes two spray heads 15, a main pipeline 16, two branch pipelines 17 and a second water pump, the second water pump is disposed inside the water tank 4, the main pipeline 16 is connected with an output end of the second water pump, the two branch pipelines 17 are both communicated with the main pipeline 16, the spray heads 15 at two sides are both disposed in the connecting pipeline 2 and respectively located at two sides of the filtering device, and the spray heads 15 are connected with the corresponding branch pipelines 17.
It should be noted that the second water pump is started to pump the water in the water tank 4 into the nozzle 15 and spray the water to the filter device through the nozzle 15, so that the dust in the smoke can be reduced, and the filter device can be washed to prevent the filter device from being blocked.
In an alternative embodiment, the bottom ends of the two connecting pipes 2 are opened with water outlets 20, and the connecting pipes 2 are communicated with the sealing box 3 on the corresponding side through the water outlets 20.
The drain port 20 is provided to allow the waste water after washing to flow into the seal box 3 and be collected.
In an alternative embodiment, the two seal boxes 3 at the bottom end are connected with the filters 12, and the output ends of the filters 12 are connected with the first water pipes 18; be provided with first water pump 5 on the water tank 4, the filter 12 of both sides all is connected with first water pump 5's output through first water pipe 18, and first water pump 5's input is provided with the second water pipe, and the second water pipe setting is in the inside of water tank 4.
The filter 12 is arranged to filter the waste water in the seal box 3, and the filtered water can be pumped into the water tank 4 to be recycled under the operation of the first water pump 5, so that the use of water resources is saved.
In an alternative embodiment, both sides of the filter device are provided with water bars 19, and the drain opening 20 is located between the water bars 19 on both sides.
The water bar 19 is provided to block water in the connecting pipe 2 so that waste water can smoothly flow into the sealing box 3 through the drain port 20.
In an optional embodiment, the smoke alarm 21 and the control device 22 are respectively arranged on the inner side and the outer side of the smoke discharge frame 1, and the control device 22 is electrically connected with the smoke alarm 21, the first driving motor 6, the second driving motor, the first water pump 5 and the second water pump.
It should be noted that, when smoke is generated, the smoke alarm 21 can transmit information to the control device 22, and the control device 22 can start a plurality of devices to perform smoke exhausting and cleaning operations.
When the utility model is used, firstly, the lower end of the smoke exhaust frame 1 is fixedly connected with the ventilation opening, when the smoke alarm 21 detects the generation of smoke, the first driving motor 6 is started by the control device 22 to work, the first driving motor 6 drives the smoke exhaust fan 7 to rotate, the smoke can be sucked into the smoke exhaust frame 1, finally the smoke enters the connecting pipelines 2 at both sides, the impurities and dust in the smoke can be filtered by the metal filter screen 10 and the activated carbon filter screen 11 arranged in the connecting pipelines 2, meanwhile, the second driving motor is started, the first water pump 5 and the second water pump work, the second driving motor drives the driving belt 8 to rotate, and the plurality of cleaning devices 9 arranged on the driving belt 8 can rotate along with the driving belt, when the cleaning devices 9 move between the metal filter screen 10 and the activated carbon filter screen 11, the brush hair 93 that sets up can clear up the dust of accumulation on metal filters 10 and the active carbon filter screen 11, and can extract the water in the water tank 4 in shower nozzle 15 through second water pump work, and spout to filter equipment through shower nozzle 15, can reduce the dust in the smog, can also wash filter equipment, with the clean effect to filter equipment that promotes, waste water after the washing passes through in the seal box 3 of outlet 20 flow direction bottom, and finally filter in flowing into filter 12, and under the work of first water pump 5, can carry out cyclic utilization in water after filtering through first water pipe 18 suction to water tank 4, the use of water resource has been practiced thrift.
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of or explaining the principles of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Therefore, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention. Further, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such variations and modifications as fall within the scope and boundaries of the appended claims or the equivalents of such scope and boundaries.
1. An intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire engineering is characterized by comprising a smoke exhaust frame (1); the smoke exhaust frame (1) is in a bottom opening shape, two sides of the smoke exhaust frame (1) are respectively provided with a connecting pipeline (2) communicated with the smoke exhaust frame, filtering devices are respectively arranged in the connecting pipelines (2) at the two sides, each filtering device comprises a metal filtering net (10) and an active carbon filtering net (11), a spacing space is arranged between the metal filtering net (10) and the active carbon filtering net (11), two mounting plates (14) which are symmetrical up and down are respectively arranged outside the connecting pipelines (2) at the two sides, rollers (13) are rotatably arranged on the mounting plates (14), a second driving motor for driving the rollers (13) to rotate is arranged on the mounting plates (14), a plurality of rollers (8) are arranged on the rollers (13), a part of a driving belt (8) is arranged between the metal filtering net (10) and the active carbon filtering net (11), a plurality of cleaning devices are arranged on the driving belt (8), all be provided with the opening that supplies cleaning device to pass on row cigarette frame (1) and connecting tube (2), cleaning device is including installation axle (91), installation roller (92) and brush hair (93), installation axle (91) and brush hair (93) set up the inside and outside at installation roller (92) respectively, installation axle (91) rotate and set up on drive belt (8), the inside of row cigarette frame (1) is provided with smoke exhaust fan (7), and the outside of row cigarette frame (1) is provided with and is used for driving smoke exhaust fan (7) pivoted first driving motor (6), the top of row cigarette frame (1) is provided with water tank (4), the both sides of water tank (4) all are connected with water jet equipment, the outside of a plurality of gyro wheels (13) all is provided with seal box (3), and form airtight structure between seal box (3) and row cigarette frame (1) and connecting tube (2).
2. The intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in the fire fighting engineering is characterized in that the water spraying device comprises two spray heads (15), a main pipeline (16), two branch pipelines (17) and a second water pump, the second water pump is arranged inside the water tank (4), the main pipeline (16) is connected with the output end of the second water pump, the two branch pipelines (17) are communicated with the main pipeline (16), the spray heads (15) on the two sides are arranged in the connecting pipeline (2) and are respectively positioned on the two sides of the filtering device, and the spray heads (15) are connected with the corresponding branch pipelines (17).
3. The intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in the fire engineering according to claim 1, wherein the bottom ends of the connecting pipes (2) at two sides are provided with water outlets (20), and the connecting pipes (2) are communicated with the seal box (3) at the corresponding side through the water outlets (20).
4. An intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire engineering according to claim 2, wherein the two seal boxes (3) at the bottom end are both connected with a filter (12), and the output end of the filter (12) is connected with a first water pipe (18); be provided with first water pump (5) on water tank (4), filter (12) of both sides all are connected with the output of first water pump (5) through first water pipe (18), and the input of first water pump (5) is provided with the second water pipe, and the second water pipe setting is in the inside of water tank (4).
5. An intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in fire engineering according to claim 3, wherein the filter device is provided with water bars (19) on both sides, and the water outlet (20) is located between the water bars (19) on both sides.
6. The intelligent smoke prevention and exhaust device in the fire engineering is characterized in that a smoke alarm (21) and a control device (22) are respectively arranged on the inner side and the outer side of the smoke exhaust frame (1), and the control device (22) is electrically connected with the smoke alarm (21), the first driving motor (6), the second driving motor, the first water pump (5) and the second water pump.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202120016485.9U CN214436998U (en)||2021-01-04||2021-01-04||Intelligent smoke exhaust preventing device in fire engineering|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN202120016485.9U CN214436998U (en)||2021-01-04||2021-01-04||Intelligent smoke exhaust preventing device in fire engineering|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN214436998U true CN214436998U (en)||2021-10-22|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN202120016485.9U Active CN214436998U (en)||2021-01-04||2021-01-04||Intelligent smoke exhaust preventing device in fire engineering|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN214436998U (en)|
- 2021-01-04 CN CN202120016485.9U patent/CN214436998U/en active Active
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