CN214352806U - Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism - Google Patents

Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214352806U
CN214352806U CN202120171807.7U CN202120171807U CN214352806U CN 214352806 U CN214352806 U CN 214352806U CN 202120171807 U CN202120171807 U CN 202120171807U CN 214352806 U CN214352806 U CN 214352806U
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
centre gripping
bathtub
assembly
screw rod
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Active
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CN202120171807.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘达
刘汝发
钟志坚
高伟强
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Foshan Clev Robot Co ltd
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Foshan Clev Robot Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a clamping assembly and a clamping mechanism, wherein the clamping assembly comprises a first clamping plate frame and a first clamping support, the first clamping plate frame is provided with a first clamping surface and a first hinging surface back to the first clamping surface, the first clamping surface is uniformly provided with a plurality of first clamping components, and the first clamping components are connected with the first clamping surface through spherical hinges; first centre gripping support passes through the articulated elements and articulates with first articulated surface for the slope of first centre gripping face and bathtub lateral wall matches, but a plurality of first clamping component automatically regulated to match the gesture of contradicting with the bathtub lateral wall, satisfy the anomalous lateral wall of the bathtub of different styles, fixture includes two foretell centre gripping subassemblies, first centre gripping drive assembly, and two centre gripping subassemblies are the interval and set up relatively, and first centre gripping drive assembly is used for driving two first centre gripping support is close to each other or keeps away from, and then a plurality of first clamping component on the first splint frame can conflict with the wherein both sides wall of bathtub, and the realization is fixed to the centre gripping of bathtub.

Description

Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a field of bathroom product processing equipment, in particular to centre gripping subassembly and fixture.
Background
In the production process of the bathtub, processing operations such as hole opening, edge cutting and the like need to be performed on the bathtub, so that the operations can be performed only by fixing the bathtub, and the bathtub is generally clamped and fixed on a processing table by a pneumatic type and hydraulic type clamping assembly and then related operations are performed by a manipulator. Because the bathtubs are made of composite materials, the structural strength is weak, the bathtubs are not hard structures, the bathtubs are easy to deform in the clamping and fixing process, the outer surfaces of the bathtubs are irregular cambered surfaces or inclined surfaces, different processing tables are required to be configured corresponding to bathtubs of different styles, and therefore the processing efficiency is low, and the processing cost is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a centre gripping subassembly and fixture to solve one or more technical problem that exist among the prior art, provide a profitable selection or create the condition at least.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows:
a clamping assembly, comprising: the clamping device comprises a first clamping plate frame and a first clamping support, wherein the first clamping plate frame is provided with a first clamping surface and a first hinge surface back to the first clamping surface, a plurality of first clamping components are uniformly distributed on the first clamping surface, and the first clamping components are connected with the first clamping surface through spherical hinges; the first clamping bracket is hinged with the first hinge surface through a hinge.
The utility model has the advantages that: when the bathtub clamping frame is used, the first clamping components on the first clamping frame are abutted to the side wall of the bathtub, the first hinge surface is hinged to the first clamping support, so that the first clamping surface is matched with the inclination of the side wall of the bathtub, and meanwhile, the first clamping components are connected with the first clamping surface through the spherical hinge, so that the first clamping components can be automatically adjusted to be abutted to the side wall of the bathtub, and the irregular outer side walls of bathtubs of different styles are met.
As a further improvement of the technical scheme, the first clamping surface is connected with the plurality of spherical hinges in a one-to-one correspondence mode through the plurality of clamping jaws, when the first clamping component needs to be maintained and overhauled, the corresponding clamping jaws can be loosened, the first clamping component can be detached, the maintenance is convenient, and the whole first clamping component does not need to be detached.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution, the first clamping member includes a suction cup, and the suction cup is connected to the first clamping surface through a spherical hinge.
In order to further reduce the damage to the bathtub, the first clamping component of this scheme comes the lateral wall contact with the bathtub through the sucking disc, and the absorption effect through the sucking disc is used for fixed bathtub, and the sucking disc also has the effect of buffering simultaneously, avoids when contradicting with the bathtub, direct striking bathtub.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the first clamping member further comprises a connecting seat and an adjusting screw rod, the adjusting screw rod is in threaded connection with the connecting seat, the suction cup is provided with an adsorption end and a connecting end, the connecting end is connected with the inner end of the adjusting screw rod, and the connecting seat is connected with the first clamping surface through a spherical hinge.
The position of the corresponding sucker can be adjusted according to different bathtubs, namely the extension length of the sucker is adjusted, and the sucker can be adjusted by rotating the adjusting screw.
As a further improvement of the technical proposal, the first clamping surface is provided with four first clamping components which are arranged on the first clamping surface in a rectangular shape,
the first clamping face of this scheme is all contradicted with the lateral wall of bathtub through four first clamping component that are the rectangle and arrange, improves the fixed stability of bathtub centre gripping.
Furthermore, the utility model provides a fixture, the centre gripping subassembly has mutually orthogonal X axle, Y axle and Z axle, fixture includes foretell centre gripping subassembly, reaches first centre gripping drive assembly, the quantity of centre gripping subassembly is two, two the centre gripping subassembly is the relative setting in interval along the X axle, two first centre gripping is personally submitted the setting in opposite directions, first centre gripping drive assembly be provided with two first centre gripping support transmission is connected, and makes two first centre gripping support is close to each other or the first centre gripping drive end of keeping away from.
It should be noted that: the mutually orthogonal X, Y and Z axes are virtual features, primarily to facilitate the description of the location and orientation of other technical features.
When the bathtub clamping device is used, the bathtub to be processed is placed between the two first clamping supports, the two first clamping plate frames are located on two sides of the bathtub, the first clamping driving assembly drives the two first clamping supports to be close to each other, so that the plurality of first clamping components on the first clamping plate frames are abutted against two side walls of the bathtub, and the bathtub is clamped and fixed.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution, the clamping mechanism includes a base, a first slide rail extending along the X axis is provided between the lower end of the first clamping support and the top surface of the base, the first clamping support is slidably connected to the base through the first slide rail, and the upper portion of the first clamping support is hinged to the first hinge surface. .
In the process that the first clamping driving assembly drives the two first clamping supports to move, the first clamping supports can slide along the first sliding rail, and therefore the moving stability and accuracy of the two first clamping supports can be improved.
As a further improvement of the above technical solution, the first clamping driving assembly further includes a first bidirectional screw rod extending along the X axis, a first servo motor in transmission connection with the first bidirectional screw rod, and first nut seats respectively fixedly connected to the two first clamping brackets, the first bidirectional screw rod is provided with two first threads with opposite turning directions, the two first nut seats are respectively sleeved on the two first threads, and the first servo motor is fixed on the base.
Because the bathtub all is made through combined material, structural strength is relatively weak, is not the structure of stereoplasm, warp easily at the fixed in-process of centre gripping, in order to avoid the clamping-force too big, this scheme adopts servo drive, specifically: through the rotation of the first bidirectional screw rod of first servo motor drive, first bidirectional screw rod drives two first nut seats through two sections first screw threads that are turned to opposite soon and removes, and then two first nut seat clamps drive two first centre gripping support is close to each other or keeps away from to can be according to the size of a dimension of bathtub, accurately adjust servo motor's the number of turns, make first centre gripping component just contradict with the lateral wall of bathtub, because at this moment only need carry out horizontally fixed to the bathtub, can not need press from both sides tightly.
Drawings
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples;
fig. 1 is a front view of an embodiment of a clamping mechanism in a use state, in which two arrows respectively indicate an X axis direction and a Z axis direction;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view A of a portion of FIG. 1;
fig. 3 is a plan view of an embodiment of the bathtub processing fixing table according to the present invention in a use state, wherein two arrows respectively indicate an X axis direction and a Y axis direction.
Detailed Description
This section will describe in detail the embodiments of the present invention, preferred embodiments of the present invention are shown in the attached drawings, which are used to supplement the description of the text part of the specification with figures, so that one can intuitively and vividly understand each technical feature and the whole technical solution of the present invention, but they cannot be understood as the limitation of the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated with respect to the orientation description, such as up, down, front, rear, left, right, etc., is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, and does not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, if words such as "a plurality" are used, the meaning is one or more, the meaning of a plurality of words is two or more, and the meaning of more than, less than, more than, etc. is understood as not including the number, and the meaning of more than, less than, more than, etc. is understood as including the number.
In the description of the present invention, unless there is an explicit limitation, the words such as setting, installation, connection, etc. should be understood in a broad sense, and those skilled in the art can reasonably determine the specific meanings of the above words in combination with the specific contents of the technical solution.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the bathtub processing fixing table of the present invention is made as follows:
the bathtub processing fixed station of this embodiment has mutually orthogonal X axle, Y axle and Z axle, and specifically, bathtub processing fixed station includes base 200, two fixture, and two fixture divide into first fixture and second fixture wherein base 200 is the level setting.
First fixture includes two first centre gripping subassemblies 100, first centre gripping drive assembly, and two first centre gripping subassemblies 100 are the interval along the X axle and set up in the top of base 200 relatively, first centre gripping subassembly 100 includes first centre gripping support 110, first splint frame 120 all is provided with first clamping face 121 and dorsad the first hinge surface 122 of first clamping face 121, first centre gripping support 110 is articulated through hinge part and first hinge surface 122, two first clamping face 121 is and sets up in opposite directions, first clamping face 121 equipartition has a plurality of first clamping member 130, first centre gripping drive assembly is used for driving two first centre gripping support 110 is close to each other or keeps away from, specifically: a first slide rail 500 extending along the X-axis is provided between the lower end of the first clamping bracket 110 and the top surface of the base 200, the first clamping bracket 110 is slidably connected to the base 200 via a first slide rail 500, the first clamping driving assembly comprises a first bidirectional screw 600 extending along the X-axis, a first servo motor 700 in transmission connection with the first bidirectional screw 600, and first nut seats 800 fixedly connected with the two first clamping brackets 110 respectively, the first bidirectional screw 600 is provided with two sections of first threads with opposite turning directions, the two first nut seats 800 are respectively sleeved on the two sections of first threads, the first servo motor 700 drives the first bidirectional screw 600 to rotate, the first bidirectional screw 600 drives the two first nut seats 800 to move through two sections of first threads with opposite rotation directions, and the two first nut holders 800 clamp and drive the two first clamping brackets 110 to approach or separate from each other.
The second fixture includes two second centre gripping subassemblies 400, second centre gripping drive assembly, and two second centre gripping subassemblies 400 are the interval along the Y axle and set up relatively in the top of base 200, and two second centre gripping subassemblies 400 set up between two first centre gripping subassemblies 100, second centre gripping subassembly 400 includes second centre gripping support 410, second splint frame 420 all is provided with the second clamping face and dorsad the second articulated face of second clamping face, two the second clamping face is personally submitted and is set up in opposite directions, the second clamping face equipartition has a plurality of second clamping member 430, second centre gripping support 410 through the articulated piece with the second articulated face is articulated, second centre gripping drive assembly is used for driving two second centre gripping support 410 is close to each other or keeps away from specifically: the second clamping driving assembly comprises a second bidirectional screw rod extending along the Y axis, a second servo motor in transmission connection with the second bidirectional screw rod, and second nut seats respectively fixedly connected with the two second clamping supports 410, the second bidirectional screw rod is provided with two sections of second threads with opposite rotation directions, the two second nut seats are respectively sleeved on the two sections of second threads, and the actions of the two second clamping supports 410 are driven by the second servo motor.
The hinge member of this embodiment is a hinge shaft having an axial direction perpendicular to the Z-axis.
In this embodiment, the first clamping member 130 is connected with the first clamping surface 121 through a spherical hinge 300, the second clamping member 430 is connected with the second clamping surface through a spherical hinge 300, when in use, the bathtub to be processed is placed on the base 200, then the first clamping driving assembly drives the two first clamping brackets 110 to approach each other, so that the plurality of first clamping members 130 on the first clamping plate frame 120 are abutted against two side walls of the bathtub, and simultaneously the second clamping driving assembly drives the two second clamping brackets 410 to approach each other, so that the plurality of second clamping members 430 on the second clamping plate frame 420 are abutted against two other side walls of the bathtub, so as to realize clamping and fixing of the bathtub, because the first hinge surface 122 is hinged with the first clamping bracket 110, and the second hinge surface is hinged with the second clamping bracket 410, the first clamping surface 121 and the second clamping surface can be matched with the inclination of the side wall of the bathtub, meanwhile, the first clamping member 130 is connected with the first clamping surface 121 through the spherical hinge 300, and the second clamping member 430 is connected with the second clamping surface through the spherical hinge 300, so that the plurality of first clamping members 130 and the plurality of second clamping members 430 can be automatically adjusted to be matched with and collided with the side wall of the bathtub, and the irregular outer side walls of bathtubs of different styles can be met.
And because the bathtub is all made through combined material, structural strength is relatively weak, is not the structure of stereoplasm, and the in-process at the centre gripping is fixed is out of shape easily, in order to avoid the clamping-force too big, this scheme adopts servo drive. Can be according to the size of a dimension of bathtub, accurately adjust servo motor's the number of turns for first clamping component 130 and second clamping component 430 just contradict with the lateral wall of bathtub, because at this moment only need carry out horizontally fixed to the bathtub, can not need press from both sides tightly.
Further, in order to further reduce damage to the bathtub, the first clamping member 130 and the second clamping member 430 each include a suction cup 131, the suction cup 131 on the first clamping member 130 is connected with the first clamping surface 121 through a spherical hinge 300, the suction cup 131 on the second clamping member 430 is connected with the second clamping surface through a spherical hinge 300, the suction cup 131 is in contact with the outer side wall of the bathtub, the bathtub is fixed through the suction effect of the suction cup 131, and the suction cup 131 also has a buffering effect to avoid directly impacting the bathtub when colliding with the bathtub.
In addition, each of the first clamping member 130 and the second clamping member 430 further includes a connecting seat 132 and an adjusting screw 133, the adjusting screw 133 is in threaded connection with the connecting seat 132, the suction cup 131 is provided with a suction end 134 and a connecting end 135, the connecting end 135 is connected with an inner end of the adjusting screw 133, the connecting seat 132 on the first clamping member 130 is connected with the first clamping surface 121 through a spherical hinge 300, and the connecting seat 132 on the first clamping member 130 is connected with the second clamping surface through a spherical hinge 300. The position of the corresponding suction cup 131, i.e. the extension length of the suction cup 131, can be adjusted according to different bathtubs, and can be adjusted by rotating the adjusting screw 133.
In this embodiment, each of the first clamping surfaces 121 is provided with four first clamping members 130, the four first clamping members 130 are arranged on the first clamping surface 121 in a rectangular arrangement, each of the second clamping surfaces is provided with four second clamping members 430, and the four second clamping members 430 are arranged on the second clamping surface in a rectangular arrangement.
Meanwhile, the first clamping surface 121 and the second clamping surface are connected with the plurality of spherical hinges 300 through a plurality of clamping jaws 123 in a one-to-one correspondence manner. When the first clamping member 130 and the second clamping member 430 need to be maintained and repaired, the corresponding clamping jaws 123 can be loosened, and the first clamping member 130 and the second clamping member 430 can be detached, so that the maintenance is convenient.
In some embodiments, for bathtubs of different heights, each of the first clamping bracket 110 and the second clamping bracket 410 includes a vertical column 111 extending along the Z-axis and a cross frame 112 disposed on the vertical column 111, the cross frame 112 can slide and be fixed in the Z-axis direction relative to the vertical column 111, the first clamping plate frame 120 and the second clamping plate frame 420 are disposed on the corresponding cross frame 112, the first clamping driving assembly is in transmission connection with the vertical column 111 on the first clamping bracket 110, the second clamping driving assembly is in transmission connection with the vertical column 111 on the second clamping bracket 410, and the height of the cross frame 112, that is, the height of the first clamping plate frame 120 and the height of the second clamping plate frame 420, can be adjusted. A guide rail extending along the Z-axis may be provided between the cross frame 112 and the vertical column 111, the cross frame 112 and the vertical column 111 may slide through the guide rail, and a locking bolt may be provided between the cross frame 112 and the vertical column 111 for locking and fixing.
And, a bottom bracket 210 is provided on the top surface of the base 200. The base 200 holds the tub by a base support 210. in some embodiments, the base support 210 may be provided with a lift mechanism for adjusting the height of the base support 210 to accommodate different tubs.
In some embodiments, for an elongated bathtub, the number of the second clamping mechanisms is multiple, and multiple second clamping mechanisms are arranged between two first clamping assemblies 100 at intervals along the X-axis, so that the bathtub can be placed on the base 200 along the X-axis, and the long side of the bathtub can be clamped and fixed by the multiple second clamping mechanisms.
In some embodiments, first clamping member 130 and second clamping member 430 may employ a clamping block or the like.
In some embodiments, the first and second clamp drive assemblies may employ other bi-directional linear drive configurations, such as: two electric push rods arranged in opposite directions can be adopted.
While the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the embodiments shown, but is capable of various modifications and substitutions without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A clamping assembly, comprising: it includes:
the clamping device comprises a first clamping plate frame (120) and a second clamping plate frame, wherein the first clamping plate frame (120) is provided with a first clamping surface (121) and a first hinge surface (122) back to the first clamping surface (121), a plurality of first clamping members (130) are uniformly distributed on the first clamping surface (121), and the first clamping members (130) are connected with the first clamping surface (121) through spherical hinges (300);
a first clamping bracket (110) hinged to the first hinge surface (122) by a hinge.
2. A clamping assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the first clamping surface (121) is connected with the spherical hinges (300) in a one-to-one correspondence mode through a plurality of clamping jaws (123).
3. A clamping assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the first clamping member (130) comprises a suction cup (131), and the suction cup (131) is connected with the first clamping surface (121) through a spherical hinge (300).
4. A clamping assembly as claimed in claim 3, wherein:
the first clamping component (130) further comprises a connecting seat (132) and an adjusting screw rod (133), the adjusting screw rod (133) is in threaded connection with the connecting seat (132), the sucking disc (131) is provided with an adsorption end (134) and a connecting end (135), the connecting end (135) is connected with the inner end of the adjusting screw rod (133), and the connecting seat (132) is connected with the first clamping face (121) through a spherical hinge (300).
5. A clamping assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
the first clamping surface (121) is provided with four first clamping members (130), and the four first clamping members (130) are arranged on the first clamping surface (121) in a rectangular shape.
6. A fixture, its characterized in that: the clamping assembly is provided with an X axis, a Y axis and a Z axis which are mutually orthogonal, the clamping mechanism comprises two clamping assemblies according to any one of claims 1 to 5 and a first clamping driving assembly, the two clamping assemblies are oppositely arranged along the X axis at intervals, the two first clamping surfaces (121) are oppositely arranged, and the first clamping driving assembly is provided with a first clamping driving end which is in transmission connection with the two first clamping brackets (110) and enables the two first clamping brackets (110) to be close to or far away from each other.
7. A clamping mechanism according to claim 6, wherein:
the clamping mechanism comprises a base (200), a first sliding rail (500) extending along the X axis is arranged between the lower end of the first clamping support (110) and the top surface of the base (200), the first clamping support (110) is connected with the base (200) in a sliding mode through the first sliding rail (500), and the upper portion of the first clamping support (110) is hinged to a first hinging surface (122).
8. A clamping mechanism according to claim 7, wherein:
the first clamping driving assembly further comprises a first bidirectional screw rod (600) extending along the X axis, a first servo motor (700) in transmission connection with the first bidirectional screw rod (600), and first nut seats (800) fixedly connected with the first clamping supports (110) respectively, the first bidirectional screw rod (600) is provided with two sections of first threads with opposite rotation directions, the two first nut seats (800) are sleeved on the two sections of the first threads respectively, and the first servo motor (700) is fixed on the base (200).
CN202120171807.7U 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism Active CN214352806U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120171807.7U CN214352806U (en) 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120171807.7U CN214352806U (en) 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214352806U true CN214352806U (en) 2021-10-08

Family

ID=77958249

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120171807.7U Active CN214352806U (en) 2021-01-21 2021-01-21 Clamping assembly and clamping mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214352806U (en)

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