CN214237270U - Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve - Google Patents

Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214237270U
CN214237270U CN202120301819.7U CN202120301819U CN214237270U CN 214237270 U CN214237270 U CN 214237270U CN 202120301819 U CN202120301819 U CN 202120301819U CN 214237270 U CN214237270 U CN 214237270U
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China
Prior art keywords
ring
water
gland
water ring
hole
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Active
Application number
CN202120301819.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王中营
郭鹏鹏
黄洪岭
陈小雨
闫涛
宮建波
史富姣
张敏楠
赵娜
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Gkn Zhongyuan Cylinder Liner Co ltd
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Gkn Zhongyuan Cylinder Liner Co ltd
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Priority to CN202120301819.7U priority Critical patent/CN214237270U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of the cylinder jacket processing, specifically, relate to a vertical boring machine self-adjusting gland of cast iron cylinder jacket, including gland body, water ring inner ring and water ring outer loop, the water ring inner ring outside is equipped with the ring channel, and the inboard equipartition has a plurality of apopores that communicate perpendicularly with the ring channel, and the water ring inner ring welds the inboard at the water ring outer loop, is equipped with the piston end assorted step hole with the machine tool clamping cylinder on the water ring inner ring, is equipped with the bolt hole on the step hole, and the water ring inner ring is connected through the bolt with the piston end face of machine tool clamping cylinder, and the outside of water ring outer loop is equipped with the cooling water connecting hole, and the cooling water connecting hole is linked together with the ring channel in the water ring inner ring outside, is equipped with on the outward flange of water ring outer loop and prevents changeing the breach, water ring inner ring and gland body sphere sliding connection. The device simple structure, low in cost can automatic adjustment adaptation when the degree of parallelism of cylinder jacket both ends face is out of tolerance, and balanced cylinder jacket circumference clamp force, and then improve cylinder jacket boring quality.

Description

Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the cylinder jacket processing, specifically, relate to a vertical boring machine self-adjusting gland of cast iron cylinder jacket.
Background
The cylinder liner is generally used on an internal combustion engine as a core part of the cylinder liner of the engine, and cast iron is the main material of the cylinder liner at present. When the cylinder sleeve is centrifugally cast, due to the fact that blanks are sequentially solidified, loose layers exist in inner holes of the blanks, and the loose layers need to be machined off subsequently through a vertical boring machine. In the boring process of the vertical boring machine, the parallelism of the upper end surface and the lower end surface of the processed semi-finished cylinder sleeve is different, so that the two ends are not parallel, the clamping force in the circumferential direction of the cylinder sleeve is unbalanced, the inner hole processing quality of the cylinder sleeve is not high, and the situations of roundness distortion and linearity out-of-tolerance occur. How to eliminate the influence of the unparallel of the two ends of the cylinder sleeve on the boring process is a technical problem to be solved urgently by the technical personnel in the field.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a vertical boring machine of cast iron cylinder jacket is from adjusting gland, including gland body, water ring inner ring and water ring outer loop, the inner ring outside of water ring is equipped with the ring channel, and the inboard equipartition has a plurality of apopores that communicate with the ring channel is perpendicular, the water ring inner ring welds the inboard at the water ring outer loop, and is equipped with the piston end assorted step hole with the machine tool clamping cylinder on the water ring inner ring, be equipped with the bolt hole on the step hole, the piston end face of water ring inner ring and machine tool clamping cylinder is connected through the bolt, the outside of water ring outer loop is equipped with the cooling water connecting hole, the cooling water connecting hole is linked together with the ring channel in the water ring inner ring outside, be equipped with on the outward flange of water ring outer loop and prevent changeing the breach, water ring inner ring and gland body sphere sliding connection.
Preferably, the water ring inner ring is provided with a matched with spherical connecting portion corresponding to the gland body, the gland body is circumferentially provided with a plurality of connecting holes, the connecting holes are connected with connecting bolts in a clearance fit manner, the tops of the connecting bolts are in threaded connection with the bottoms of the water ring inner ring, the aperture of each connecting hole is larger than the diameter of each connecting bolt, the gland body can swing along the connecting bolts, and the connecting bolts play a role in connecting the water ring inner ring with the gland body in a clearance fit manner.
The utility model also comprises other devices or components which can lead the self-adjusting gland of the vertical boring machine of the cast iron cylinder sleeve to be normally used, and are conventional technical means in the field; in addition, the device and the component which are not limited in the utility model all adopt the conventional technical means in the field.
The utility model discloses an operating principle is, before using, is connected cooling water connecting hole and outside cooling water pipe of being connected, inside cooling water evenly got into gland body via ring channel and apopore on the water ring inner ring, played the effect of cooling and lubrication at the boring in-process, prevented changeing the breach and be used for avoiding pressing lid body and cylinder liner rotating along with the boring cutter at the boring in-process. In the operation, a boring machine clamping oil cylinder drives a water ring inner ring and a gland body to move downwards, the gland body rotates with the water ring inner ring through a spherical surface according to the difference of the height of the upper end surface of an air cylinder sleeve in the processes of contacting with the upper end surface of the air cylinder sleeve and clamping, so that the central lines of the gland body and the water ring inner ring are not coincident, the clamping force is continuously applied, the clamping force is transmitted to the gland body through the water ring inner ring, the gland body applies the clamping force to the air cylinder sleeve, so as to compress the air cylinder sleeve, then a boring machine power head drives a boring cutter to rotate downwards for processing, in the process, cooling water enters the inner hole of the air cylinder sleeve through a water outlet hole in the water ring inner ring and the inner hole of the gland body, so as to play a role in lubricating and cooling for the boring process, after the processing is finished, the boring machine power head drives the boring cutter to move upwards and return to the original position, and the boring machine clamping oil cylinder moves upwards, the inner ring of the water ring is driven to move upwards, and the inner ring of the water ring drives the gland body to loosen the workpiece upwards through the connecting bolt.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that, the device simple structure, low in cost can be at cylinder jacket both ends face depth of parallelism when out of tolerance automatic adjustment adaptation, balanced cylinder jacket circumference clamp force, and then improve cylinder jacket boring quality.
Drawings
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention in the embodiment.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 1 in a-a direction of rotation.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a B-B direction rotation section of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described more clearly with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments in the embodiments of the present invention, and the description herein is only for explaining the present invention, but not for limiting the present invention. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made by other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-3, the utility model provides a self-adjusting gland of a vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder jackets, which comprises a gland body 1, a water ring inner ring 2 and a water ring outer ring 3, the outer side of the water ring inner ring 2 is provided with an annular groove 4, the inner side is uniformly provided with a plurality of water outlet holes 5 which are vertically communicated with the annular groove 4, the water ring inner ring 2 is welded on the inner side of the water ring outer ring 3, and the water ring inner ring 2 is provided with a step hole 6 matched with the end surface of the piston of the machine tool clamping oil cylinder, the step hole 6 is provided with a bolt hole 7, the water ring inner ring 2 is connected with the piston end surface of a machine tool clamping oil cylinder through a bolt, the outer side of the water ring outer ring 3 is provided with a cooling water connecting hole 8, the cooling water connecting holes 8 are communicated with the annular groove 4 on the outer side of the water ring inner ring 2, the outer edge of the water ring outer ring 3 is provided with an anti-rotation notch 9, and the water ring inner ring 2 is in spherical sliding connection with the gland body 1.
The water ring inner ring 2 corresponds on with the gland body 1 and is equipped with matched with sphere connecting portion, gland body circumference is equipped with a plurality of connecting holes, connecting hole clearance fit is connected with connecting bolt 10, connecting bolt 10's top and water ring inner ring 2's bottom threaded connection, and the aperture of connecting hole is greater than connecting bolt 10's diameter, connecting bolt 10 swing can be followed to gland body 1, and connecting bolt 10 plays the effect of being connected water ring inner ring 2 and gland body 1 clearance fit.
The utility model discloses an operating principle is, before using, is connected cooling water connecting hole 8 with outside cooling water pipe of being connected, and the cooling water evenly gets into gland body 1's inside via ring channel 4 and apopore 5 on the water ring inner ring 2, plays the effect at boring in-process cooling and lubrication, prevents changeing breach 9 and is used for avoiding rotating along with the boring cutter at boring in-process gland body 1 and gas cylinder sleeve 11. In the operation, the boring machine clamping oil cylinder drives the water ring inner ring 2 and the gland body 1 to move downwards, the gland body 1 rotates with the water ring inner ring 2 through the spherical surface according to the difference of the height of the upper end surface of the cylinder sleeve 11 during the contact and clamping process of the upper end surface of the cylinder sleeve 11, so that the central lines of the gland body 1 and the water ring inner ring 2 are not coincident, the clamping force is continuously applied, the clamping force is transmitted to the gland body 1 through the water ring inner ring 2, the gland body 1 applies the clamping force to the cylinder sleeve 11, so as to compress the cylinder sleeve 11, then the boring machine drives the boring cutter to rotate downwards for processing, in the process, cooling water enters the inner hole of the cylinder sleeve 11 through the water outlet 5 on the water ring inner ring 2 and the inner hole of the gland body 1, so as to play a role in lubricating and cooling for the boring process, after the processing, the boring machine power head drives the boring cutter upwards, and returning to the original position, the boring machine clamping oil cylinder moves upwards to drive the water ring inner ring 2 to move upwards, and the water ring inner ring 2 drives the gland body 1 to loosen the workpiece upwards through the connecting bolt 10.
The foregoing description of the embodiments of the invention has been presented for purposes of illustration and not limitation, and is not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the embodiments disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the illustrated embodiments.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a vertical boring machine self-adjusting gland of cast iron cylinder jacket, includes the gland body, its characterized in that: the water ring inner ring is welded on the inner side of the water ring outer ring, a step hole matched with the piston end face of a machine tool clamping oil cylinder is formed in the water ring inner ring, bolt holes are formed in the step hole, the water ring inner ring is connected with the piston end face of the machine tool clamping oil cylinder through bolts, cooling water connecting holes are formed in the outer side of the water ring outer ring and are communicated with the annular groove in the outer side of the water ring inner ring, and anti-rotating notches are formed in the outer edge of the water ring outer ring and are in spherical sliding connection with the gland body.
2. The self-adjusting gland of the vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder liners according to claim 1, wherein: the water ring inner ring is provided with a spherical connecting portion corresponding to the gland body, the gland body is circumferentially provided with a plurality of connecting holes, the connecting holes are connected with connecting bolts in a clearance fit manner, the tops of the connecting bolts are in threaded connection with the bottom of the water ring inner ring, the aperture of each connecting hole is larger than the diameter of each connecting bolt, and the gland body can swing along the connecting bolts.
CN202120301819.7U 2021-02-01 2021-02-01 Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve Active CN214237270U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120301819.7U CN214237270U (en) 2021-02-01 2021-02-01 Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120301819.7U CN214237270U (en) 2021-02-01 2021-02-01 Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214237270U true CN214237270U (en) 2021-09-21

Family

ID=77795647

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120301819.7U Active CN214237270U (en) 2021-02-01 2021-02-01 Self-adjusting gland of vertical boring machine for cast iron cylinder sleeve

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214237270U (en)

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