CN214184086U - Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding - Google Patents

Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214184086U
CN214184086U CN202021883177.8U CN202021883177U CN214184086U CN 214184086 U CN214184086 U CN 214184086U CN 202021883177 U CN202021883177 U CN 202021883177U CN 214184086 U CN214184086 U CN 214184086U
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China
Prior art keywords
box
feeding
flat nozzle
blowing
filter plate
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CN202021883177.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郜战宁
王树杰
冯辉
薛正刚
杨永乾
潘正茂
王建立
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Zhumadian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Zhumadian Branch Of Henan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Zhumadian Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Zhumadian Branch Of Henan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN202021883177.8U priority Critical patent/CN214184086U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic screening device for barley breeding seeds, which comprises a box body, wherein the upper side of the right part of the box body is provided with a feeding hopper, a feeding flat nozzle is arranged at the lower side of the feeding hopper, a feeding port is arranged at the lower side of the feeding flat nozzle, a blowing flat nozzle is arranged at the left side of the feeding port, a blowing port is arranged at the right side of the blowing flat nozzle, the left side of the blowing flat nozzle is connected with a fan, the feeding port and the blowing port are strip-shaped ports, a first filter plate is obliquely arranged below the feeding flat nozzle, a partition plate is arranged on the lower side of the left end of the first filter plate, a material collecting box is arranged on the right side of the partition plate, a second filter plate is arranged on the lower side of the material collecting box, a sliding rod is fixed on the lower side of the middle part of the second filter plate, the middle part of the sliding rod is penetrated and slidably connected with a sliding pipe, the lower end of the sliding pipe is fixed with a shell, the lower end of the sliding rod is slidably connected with an eccentric wheel arranged in the shell, and the right side of the eccentric wheel is connected with a motor; the utility model has the advantages of simple structure, quick adjustment, convenient operation and good screening effect.

Description

Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of grain seed selection equipment, in particular to seed grain autofilter device is used in barley breeding.
Background
Barley is one of important planting crops in China, the nutrient components of barley and wheat are similar, the cellulose content is higher than that of wheat, the raw material barley generally contains various harmful substances, such as miscellaneous cereals, straws, dust, gravels, wheat miscanthus and the like, which can prevent barley from sprouting, therefore, barley grains need to be screened before breeding, the existing breeding screening device usually adopts a fan to directly carry out winnowing filtration to filter out impurities with lighter weight, the larger and smaller diameter particles are then filtered through a mesh screen to select the seeds that meet the standard, whereas in the air separation process, the seeds falling from the hopper are usually blown straight through by a fan, since the discharge opening of the hopper is usually round or square, the air separation process, the wind force to which each falling particle is subjected is different, so that the wind force screening effect is not ideal.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a seed grain autofilter device for barley breeding has simple structure, adjusts quick, convenient operation, the effectual advantage of screening.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: an automatic screening device for barley seeds for breeding comprises a box body, wherein a feeding hopper is arranged on the upper side of the right part of the box body, a feeding flat nozzle is arranged on the lower side of the feeding hopper, a feeding port is arranged on the lower side of the feeding flat nozzle, a blowing flat nozzle is arranged on the left side of the feeding port, a blowing port is arranged on the right side of the blowing flat nozzle, a fan is connected to the left side of the blowing flat nozzle, a fan support is arranged on the upper side of the fan, the upper end of the fan support is fixed on the upper wall of the box body, the feeding port and the blowing port are both strip-shaped ports, a first filter plate is obliquely arranged below the feeding flat nozzle, a partition plate is arranged on the lower side of the left end of the first filter plate, a first sundry cavity is arranged on the left part of the partition plate, a material collecting box is arranged on the right side of the partition plate, a second filter plate is arranged on the lower side of the middle part of the second filter plate and is fixedly provided with a sliding rod, the middle part of the sliding rod is penetrated and connected with a sliding tube, the lower end of the sliding pipe is fixed with a shell, the lower end of the sliding rod is connected with an eccentric wheel arranged inside the shell in a sliding mode, the right side of the eccentric wheel is connected with a motor, a third sundry cavity is arranged on the lower side of the second filter plate, a second sundry cavity is arranged on the right side of the first filter plate, and a ventilation net is arranged on the upper portion of the right wall of the box body.
Preferably, the four corners of the lower side of the box body are provided with support legs.
Preferably, the front side and the rear side of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are fixed on the side wall of the box body.
Preferably, the left side of the eccentric wheel is connected with a supporting rod, and the left end of the supporting rod is rotatably connected with the shell.
Preferably, the front side and the rear side of the partition plate are fixed on the side wall of the box body.
Preferably, the length of the feeding port is the same as that of the air blowing port.
Preferably, a box door is arranged at the lower part of the right wall of the box body.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
the utility model is provided with the feeding flat nozzle and the blowing flat nozzle, and the feeding flat nozzle is matched with the feeding hole, so that the seeds fall from the strip-shaped feeding port, the distance between each barley grain and the air blowing port is consistent, the wind force on the grains is more uniform during feeding, thereby realizing better winnowing effect, avoiding incomplete separation of seeds and sundries when the fan blows directly, meanwhile, the flat blowing nozzle has the functions of air collection and air distribution, and can blow air out along the strip-shaped blowing opening, so that the air separation energy consumption is lower, during the winnowing process, impurities such as light dust, dry, flat and bad seeds mixed in the seeds can be directly blown to the second impurity cavity, the second filter plate can vibrate and filter the seeds through the motor and the eccentric wheel, thereby make the filter effect better, simultaneously the utility model discloses simple structure, low in production cost screens effectually and convenient operation is swift.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the flat blowing nozzle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a partial a enlarged view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a box body, 2, a feeding hopper, 3, a feeding flat nozzle, 4, a feeding port, 5, a blowing port, 6, a blowing flat nozzle, 7, a fan, 8, a fan bracket, 9, a first filtering plate, 10, a partition plate, 11, a first sundry cavity, 12, a second sundry cavity, 13, a material collecting box, 14, a second filtering plate, 15, a third sundry cavity, 16, a ventilation net, 17, a sliding rod, 18, a sliding pipe, 19, a shell, 20, an eccentric wheel, 21, a motor, 22 and a box door.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present embodiment provides an automatic barley seed screening device, which comprises a box body 1, wherein a feeding hopper 2 is arranged on the upper right side of the box body 1, a feeding flat nozzle 3 is arranged on the lower side of the feeding hopper 2, a feeding port 4 is arranged on the lower side of the feeding flat nozzle 3, a blowing flat nozzle 6 is arranged on the left side of the feeding port 4, a blowing port 5 is arranged on the right side of the blowing flat nozzle 6, a fan 7 is connected to the left side of the blowing flat nozzle 6, a fan support 8 is arranged on the upper side of the fan 7, the upper end of the fan support 8 is fixed on the upper wall of the box body 1, the feeding port 4 and the blowing port 5 are both strip-shaped ports, a first filter plate 9 is obliquely arranged below the feeding flat nozzle 3, a partition plate 10 is arranged on the lower side of the left end of the first filter plate 9, a first sundry chamber 11 is arranged on the left side of the partition plate 10, a material collecting box 13 is arranged on the right side of the partition plate 10, a second filter plate 14 is arranged on the lower side of the material collecting box 13, the downside of the middle part of the second filter plate 14 is fixed with a sliding rod 17, the middle part of the sliding rod 17 is penetrated and slidably connected with a sliding pipe 18, the lower end of the sliding pipe 18 is fixed with a shell 19, the lower end of the sliding rod 17 is slidably connected with an eccentric wheel 20 arranged inside the shell 19, the right side of the eccentric wheel 20 is connected with a motor 21, the downside of the second filter plate 14 is provided with a third sundry cavity 15, the right side of the first filter plate 9 is provided with a second sundry cavity 12, and the upper part of the right wall of the box body 1 is provided with a ventilation net 16.
In order to support the box 1, in the present embodiment, the four corners of the lower side of the box 1 are provided with support legs.
In order to fix the first filter plate 9 and the second filter plate, in the present embodiment, the front side and the rear side of the first filter plate 9 and the second filter plate 14 are fixed to the side wall of the cabinet 1.
In order to support the rotation of the eccentric 20 by means of a support rod, in this embodiment, a support rod is connected to the left side of the eccentric 20, and the left end of the support rod is rotatably connected to the housing 19.
In order to fix the partition board 10, in the present embodiment, the front side and the rear side of the partition board 10 are fixed to the side wall of the box body 1.
In order to ensure that each pellet falling through the loading opening 4 is subjected to the same wind force, the loading opening 4 and the blowing opening 5 are of the same length in this embodiment.
In order to open the door 22 to take out the screened seeds, in this embodiment, the door 22 is disposed at the lower portion of the right wall of the box body 1.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: when the device is used, the fan 7 and the motor 32 are started simultaneously, barley grains in the feeding hopper 2 flow out of the feeding port 4 through the feeding flat nozzle 3, at the moment, air generated by the fan 7 flows out of the blowing port 5 through the blowing flat nozzle 6, the blowing port 5 of the feeding port 4 is a strip-shaped port, so that the wind power received by the grains during descending is consistent, the screening effect is better, impurities such as light dust, dry flat and broken grains can be screened out and fall into the second impurity chamber 12, the grains after winnowing fall into the first filter plate 9, are filtered by the first filter plate 9, larger impurities are filtered, smaller grains fall into the collecting box 13, larger grains roll into the first impurity chamber 11 from the inclined first filter plate 9, meanwhile, the motor 21 drives the eccentric wheel 20 to rotate, the rotation of the eccentric wheel 20 drives the sliding rod 17 to reciprocate up and down, thereby drive the vibration of second filter 14, will gather materials tiny dust impurity in the case 13 and filter, combine the screening through selection by winnowing, first filter 9 and second filter 14 for the screening effect is better, simultaneously the utility model discloses simple structure, convenient operation is swift, and filters with low costsly.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a seed grain autofilter device for barley breeding, includes the box, its characterized in that: the upper side of the right part of the box body is provided with a feeding hopper, the lower side of the feeding hopper is provided with a feeding flat nozzle, the lower side of the feeding flat nozzle is provided with a feeding port, the left side of the feeding port is provided with a blowing flat nozzle, the right side of the blowing flat nozzle is provided with a blowing port, the left side of the blowing flat nozzle is connected with a fan, the upper side of the fan is provided with a fan bracket, the upper end of the fan bracket is fixed on the upper wall of the box body, the feeding port and the blowing port are both strip-shaped ports, the lower part of the feeding flat nozzle is obliquely provided with a first filter plate, the lower side of the left end of the first filter plate is provided with a baffle plate, the left part of the baffle plate is provided with a material collecting box, the lower side of the material collecting box is provided with a second filter plate, the lower part of the second filter plate is fixedly provided with a sliding rod, the middle part of the sliding rod is penetrated and slidably connected with a sliding tube, the lower end of the sliding tube is fixedly provided with a shell, the lower end of the sliding rod is slidably connected with an eccentric wheel arranged in the shell, the eccentric wheel right side is connected with the motor, the second filter downside is provided with the third debris chamber, the first filter right side is provided with the second debris chamber, box right wall upper portion is provided with the ventilation net.
2. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: and supporting legs are arranged at four corners of the lower side of the box body.
3. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the front side and the rear side of the first filter plate and the second filter plate are fixed on the side wall of the box body.
4. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the left side of eccentric wheel is connected with the bracing piece, and the left end and the casing of bracing piece rotate to be connected.
5. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the front side and the rear side of the partition plate are both fixed on the side wall of the box body.
6. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: the length of the feeding port is the same as that of the air blowing port.
7. The automatic grain screening device for barley breeding according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a box door is arranged at the lower part of the right wall of the box body.
CN202021883177.8U 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding Active CN214184086U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021883177.8U CN214184086U (en) 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021883177.8U CN214184086U (en) 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214184086U true CN214184086U (en) 2021-09-14

Family

ID=77628778

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021883177.8U Active CN214184086U (en) 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 Barley is seed grain autofilter device for breeding

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214184086U (en)

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