CN214169601U - GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate - Google Patents

GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214169601U
CN214169601U CN202022973687.0U CN202022973687U CN214169601U CN 214169601 U CN214169601 U CN 214169601U CN 202022973687 U CN202022973687 U CN 202022973687U CN 214169601 U CN214169601 U CN 214169601U
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template
formwork
grc
formworks
pull rod
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CN202022973687.0U
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徐礼文
胡红松
王晨
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Huaqiao University
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Huaqiao University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a GRC exempts from to tear open template for concreting roof beam board relates to building construction technical field, including beam node template, beam template and floor template, beam node template with the beam template is connected through first bolt pull rod, the junction with the beam template on the beam node template is provided with first recess, the beam template is provided with the second recess correspondingly, first recess and the combination of second recess form first mounting groove, the tip of first bolt pull rod install in the first mounting groove, and fix through first fixation nut; the floor template is installed in the top of beam template, the floor template is close to the side edge downwardly extending of beam template is provided with the fixed plate, the fixed plate pass through fixing bolt with the top fixed connection of beam template. The utility model discloses can form good interface with cast in situ concrete and combine, realize that the template exempts from to dismantle.

Description

GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction technical field especially relates to a GRC exempts from to tear open template for concreting roof beam board.
Background
At present, when a concrete beam slab is built, an external building template is generally needed to be used, and concrete is poured in the building template. In this case, the building formwork is a structure temporarily installed in the form and size of a concrete building, and is generally made of plywood, hard fiberboard, synthetic resin, aluminum alloy formwork, steel plate, or the like.
The existing building template needs manual formwork erecting and needs to be separated and disassembled after concrete pouring and maintenance are finished, and labor force is increased. Furthermore, the beam bottom formwork can be separated and recycled only after concrete curing is finished, so that the operation time of the beam bottom formworks of all floors is prolonged.
Therefore, it is highly desirable to develop a disassembly-free GRC form for casting a concrete beam slab to solve the above problems of the prior art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a GRC exempts from to tear open template for concreting roof beam board to solve the above-mentioned problem that prior art exists, can form good interface combination with cast in situ concrete, realize that the template exempts from to dismantle.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following scheme: the utility model provides a GRC exempts from to tear open template for concreting roof beam board, including beam node template, beam template and floor template, beam node template with the beam template is connected through first bolt pull rod, the junction with the beam template on the beam node template is provided with first recess, the correspondence is provided with the second recess on the beam template, first recess and the combination of second recess form first mounting groove, the tip of first bolt pull rod install in the first mounting groove, and fix through first fixation nut; the floor template is installed in the top of beam template, the floor template is close to the side edge downwardly extending of beam template is provided with the fixed plate, the fixed plate pass through fixing bolt with the top fixed connection of beam template.
Preferably, the beam node formwork, the beam formwork and the floor slab formwork are made of GRC materials.
Preferably, the beam node template comprises a transverse template and a longitudinal template, and the transverse template and the longitudinal template are connected to form a cross structure; the transverse formworks comprise two transverse bottom formworks and two transverse side formworks, and the two transverse side formworks are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the transverse bottom formworks; the longitudinal formworks comprise longitudinal bottom formworks and longitudinal side formworks, the number of the longitudinal side formworks is two, and the two longitudinal side formworks are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the longitudinal bottom formworks;
the first end of horizontal side form board be used for with the first end vertical connection of vertical side form board, horizontal side form board with the second end inboard of vertical side form board has all been seted up first recess.
Preferably, the height of the transverse bottom template is higher than that of the longitudinal bottom template.
Preferably, the beam template comprises a beam bottom template and a beam side template, and two sides of the beam bottom template are respectively and vertically provided with the beam side template; the second grooves are formed in the inner sides of the two ends of the beam side formwork, the second grooves in the beam side formwork and the first grooves in the transverse side formwork or the longitudinal side formwork form the first mounting grooves, the two ends of the first bolt pull rod are mounted in the corresponding first mounting grooves respectively and are fixed through the first fixing nuts.
Preferably, baffles are arranged between the end part of the first bolt pull rod and the first mounting groove and between the first fixing nut and the first mounting groove.
Preferably, the second grooves on the beam side formwork and the second grooves on the adjacent beam side formwork form second mounting grooves, and two corresponding second mounting grooves on two sides of the joint of two adjacent beam formworks are connected through a second bolt pull rod; two ends of the second bolt pull rod are respectively installed in the two corresponding second installation grooves and are fixed through the second fixing nuts; and baffle plates are arranged between the end part of the second bolt pull rod and the second mounting groove and between the second fixing nut and the second mounting groove.
Preferably, the floor slab formwork is provided with a plurality of floor slab formworks, and the floor slab formworks are connected through a third bolt pull rod.
Preferably, the top of the joint of two adjacent floor slab templates is provided with a third groove, the corresponding two third grooves form a third mounting groove, and the bottom end of the third bolt pull rod is mounted in the third groove and fixed through a third fixing nut.
Preferably, baffles are arranged between the bottom end of the third bolt pull rod and the third mounting groove and between the third fixing nut and the third mounting groove.
The utility model discloses following beneficial technological effect has been gained for prior art:
the utility model discloses an exempt from to tear open template and use glass fiber reinforced concrete GRC to make, include alkali-resistant glass fiber and low alkali cement in this kind of glass fiber reinforced concrete's the component, have light weight high strength, fire prevention, characteristics such as the moldability is good, machinability is good. The GRC makes full use of the characteristics of high compressive strength and good rigidity of cement materials, simultaneously exerts the advantage of high tensile strength of the glass fiber, can improve the toughness, tensile strength and rigidity of concrete and the capability of bearing dynamic load, and can save steel by using the glass fiber.
On the other hand, GRC belongs to cement-based composite materials, can form good interface combination with cast-in-place concrete as a permanent template, has good composite effect as a part of a structure, and commonly bears load. The disassembly-free template made of GRC material has fine and smooth surface, can be made into a complex shape of a beam node during production, and can be provided with decorative patterns required by architectural design on the outer side.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is an axial perspective view of the beam node template of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a detailed view of the connection between the beam node formwork and the beam formwork of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an axial perspective view of the beam form and the floor form of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a detailed view of the connection between the floor slab formwork and the beam formwork of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a detail view of the connection between the adjacent floor slabs of the present invention;
wherein: 1-beam node formwork, 10-transverse formwork, 101-transverse bottom formwork, 102-transverse side formwork, 11-longitudinal formwork, 111-longitudinal bottom formwork, 112-longitudinal side formwork, 2-beam formwork, 201-beam bottom formwork, 202-beam side formwork, 3-rectangular groove, 4-first groove, 5-second groove, 6-first bolt pull rod, 7-first fixing nut, 8-floor formwork, 801-fixing plate, 802-fixing bolt, 803-third groove, 804-third bolt pull rod, 805-third fixing nut and 806-baffle.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1-5, the embodiment provides a disassembly-free GRC formwork for pouring a concrete beam slab, which includes a beam node formwork 1, a beam formwork 2, and a floor formwork 8, where the beam node formwork 1 is connected to the beam formwork 2 through a first bolt-pull rod 6 to form a connection structure of the beam formwork 2 and a node thereof, specifically, a first groove 4 is provided at a connection position of the beam node formwork 1 and the beam formwork 2, a second groove 5 is correspondingly provided on the beam formwork 2, the first groove 4 and the second groove 5 are combined to form a first installation groove, and an end of the first bolt-pull rod 6 is installed in the first installation groove and fixed by a first fixing nut 7; the floor slab formwork 8 is installed at the top of the beam formwork 2 to form a connecting structure of the floor slab formwork 8 and the beam formwork 2, specifically, the floor slab formwork 8 extends downwards for 2-3 cm near the edge of the side edge of the beam formwork 2 to be provided with a fixing plate 801, the fixing plate 801 is fixedly connected with the top of the inner side of the beam formwork 2 through a fixing bolt 802, and the fixing plate 801 is perpendicular to the floor slab formwork 8.
In this embodiment, the beam node formwork 1, the beam formwork 2, the floor slab formwork 8, and the like are all made of glass Fiber Reinforced concrete grc (glass Fiber Reinforced concrete) and are respectively integrally formed, and the components of the glass Fiber Reinforced concrete in this embodiment include alkali-resistant glass Fiber and low-alkali cement, so that the glass Fiber Reinforced concrete has the characteristics of light weight, high strength, fire resistance, good moldability, good machinability, and the like. The GRC makes full use of the characteristics of high compressive strength and good rigidity of cement materials, simultaneously exerts the advantage of high tensile strength of the glass fiber, can improve the toughness, tensile strength and rigidity of concrete and the capability of bearing dynamic load, and can save steel by using the glass fiber. On the other hand, GRC belongs to cement-based composite materials, can form good interface combination with cast-in-place concrete as a permanent template, has good composite effect as a part of a structure, and commonly bears load. The disassembly-free template made of GRC material has fine and smooth surface, can be made into a complex shape of a beam node during production, and can be provided with decorative patterns required by architectural design on the outer side.
In the embodiment, the beam node template 1 comprises a U-shaped transverse template 10 and a U-shaped longitudinal template 11 which are integrally formed, and the transverse template 10 and the longitudinal template 11 are connected to form a cross structure; the transverse formwork 10 comprises a transverse bottom formwork 101 and two transverse side formworks 102, wherein the two transverse side formworks 102 are arranged, and the two transverse side formworks 102 are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the transverse bottom formwork 101; the longitudinal formwork 11 comprises a longitudinal bottom formwork 111 and two longitudinal side formworks 112, wherein the two longitudinal side formworks 112 are arranged, and the two longitudinal side formworks 112 are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the longitudinal bottom formwork 111; the first end of the transverse side die plate 102 is used for being vertically connected with the first end of the longitudinal side die plate 112, and the inner sides of the second ends of the transverse side die plate 102 and the longitudinal side die plate 112 are provided with first grooves 4.
In the present embodiment, the height of the lateral bottom mold plate 101 is higher than the height of the longitudinal bottom mold plate 111.
In this embodiment, the beam template 2 is a U-shaped structure, and includes a beam bottom template 201 and a beam side template 202 that are integrally formed, and two sides of the beam bottom template 201 are respectively vertically provided with a beam side template 202; second recess 5 has all been seted up to the both ends inboard of roof beam side template 202, and first mounting groove is constituteed with first recess 4 on horizontal side form 102 or the vertical side form 112 to second recess 5 on the roof beam side template 202, and the both ends of first bolt pull rod 6 are installed respectively in two first mounting grooves that roof beam template 2 and roof beam node template 1 junction both sides are corresponding to be set up to it is fixed through first fixation nut 7, and first bolt pull rod 6 perpendicular to roof beam side template 202 sets up. Further, baffle plates 806 are provided between the end of the first bolt draw bar 6 and the first mounting groove and between the first fixing nut 7 and the first mounting groove.
In the embodiment, the structure can ensure that the splicing of the adjacent beam templates 2 and the beam node templates 1 is more stable; the end part of the first bolt pull rod 6 and the first mounting groove are arranged on the inner side of the template, the surface of the template is flat and has no redundant parts after pouring, and other treatment on the surface is not needed, so that the construction of the non-dismantling template is simpler and more convenient; and meanwhile, the formwork with a higher beam height can better resist the lateral pressure of concrete to the two sides of the formwork during pouring.
In this embodiment, a plurality of beam side formworks 202 may be continuously provided, the second grooves 5 thereon and the second grooves 5 on the adjacent beam side formwork 202 form second mounting grooves, and two corresponding second mounting grooves on two sides of the joint of two adjacent beam formworks 2 are connected by a second bolt pull rod; two ends of a second bolt pull rod are respectively installed in the two corresponding second installation grooves and fixed through second fixing nuts, and the second bolt pull rod is perpendicular to the beam side formwork 202; baffles 806 are disposed between the end of the second bolt draw bar and the second mounting groove and between the second retaining nut and the second mounting groove.
In the present embodiment, the inner sides of the beam side mold plate 202, the lateral side mold plate 102, and the longitudinal side mold plate 112 are each vertically provided with a plurality of rectangular grooves 3.
In this embodiment, the floor slab forms 8 are provided with a plurality of, and a plurality of floor slab forms 8 are connected through the third bolt pull rod 804. Specifically, the top of the joint of two adjacent floor slabs 8 is provided with a third groove 803, two corresponding third grooves 803 form a third mounting groove, and the bottom end of a third bolt pull rod 804 is mounted in the third groove 803 and fixed by a third fixing nut 805; baffles 806 are disposed between the bottom end of the third bolt draw bar 804 and the third mounting groove and between the third fixing nut 805 and the third mounting groove.
In this embodiment, the fixing plate 801 on the floor slab formwork 8 is fixedly connected to the top of the inner side of the beam side formwork 202 through the fixing bolt 802, and the fixing bolt 802 does not penetrate through the beam side formwork 202, so as to ensure the flatness of the outer surface of the formwork.
It should be noted that, as is obvious to a person skilled in the art, the invention is not limited to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein, and any reference signs in the claims are not intended to be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
The utility model discloses a concrete example is applied to explain the principle and the implementation mode of the utility model, and the explanation of the above example is only used to help understand the method and the core idea of the utility model; meanwhile, for the general technical personnel in the field, according to the idea of the present invention, there are changes in the concrete implementation and the application scope. In summary, the content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a GRC exempts from to tear open template for concreting beam board which characterized in that: the beam joint formwork is connected with the beam formwork through a first bolt pull rod, a first groove is formed in the joint of the beam joint formwork and the beam formwork, a second groove is correspondingly formed in the beam formwork, the first groove and the second groove are combined to form a first mounting groove, and the end portion of the first bolt pull rod is mounted in the first mounting groove and fixed through a first fixing nut; the floor template is installed in the top of beam template, the floor template is close to the side edge downwardly extending of beam template is provided with the fixed plate, the fixed plate pass through fixing bolt with the top fixed connection of beam template.
2. The GRC demolition-free form for a cast concrete beam panel as recited in claim 1, wherein: the beam node template, the beam template and the floor slab template are made of GRC materials.
3. The GRC demolition-free form for a cast concrete beam panel as recited in claim 1, wherein: the beam node template comprises a transverse template and a longitudinal template, and the transverse template and the longitudinal template are connected to form a cross structure; the transverse formworks comprise two transverse bottom formworks and two transverse side formworks, and the two transverse side formworks are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the transverse bottom formworks; the longitudinal formworks comprise longitudinal bottom formworks and longitudinal side formworks, the number of the longitudinal side formworks is two, and the two longitudinal side formworks are respectively and vertically arranged on two sides of the longitudinal bottom formworks;
the first end of horizontal side form board be used for with the first end vertical connection of vertical side form board, horizontal side form board with the second end inboard of vertical side form board has all been seted up first recess.
4. The GRC demolition-free form for pouring concrete beam panels as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the height of the transverse bottom template is higher than that of the longitudinal bottom template.
5. The GRC demolition-free form for pouring concrete beam panels as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the beam template comprises a beam bottom template and beam side templates, and two sides of the beam bottom template are respectively and vertically provided with one beam side template; the second grooves are formed in the inner sides of the two ends of the beam side formwork, the second grooves in the beam side formwork and the first grooves in the transverse side formwork or the longitudinal side formwork form the first mounting grooves, the two ends of the first bolt pull rod are mounted in the corresponding first mounting grooves respectively and are fixed through the first fixing nuts.
6. The GRC demolition-free form for pouring concrete beam panels as claimed in claim 5, wherein: and baffle plates are arranged between the end part of the first bolt pull rod and the first mounting groove and between the first fixing nut and the first mounting groove.
7. The GRC demolition-free form for pouring concrete beam panels as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the second grooves on the beam side templates and the second grooves on the adjacent beam side templates form second mounting grooves, and two corresponding second mounting grooves on two sides of the joint of the two adjacent beam templates are connected through a second bolt pull rod; two ends of the second bolt pull rod are respectively installed in the two corresponding second installation grooves and are fixed through second fixing nuts; and baffle plates are arranged between the end part of the second bolt pull rod and the second mounting groove and between the second fixing nut and the second mounting groove.
8. The GRC demolition-free form for a cast concrete beam panel as recited in claim 1, wherein: the floor slab template is provided with a plurality ofly, and is a plurality of connect through the third bolt pull rod between the floor slab template.
9. The GRC demolition-free form for pouring concrete beam panels as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the top of the junction of the two adjacent floor slab templates is provided with a third groove, the third grooves form a third mounting groove in a corresponding manner, and the bottom end of the third bolt pull rod is mounted in the third groove and fixed through a third fixing nut.
10. The GRC demolition-free form for a cast concrete beam panel of claim 9, wherein: and baffle plates are arranged between the bottom end of the third bolt pull rod and the third mounting groove and between the third fixing nut and the third mounting groove.
CN202022973687.0U 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate Active CN214169601U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022973687.0U CN214169601U (en) 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022973687.0U CN214169601U (en) 2020-12-11 2020-12-11 GRC disassembly-free template for pouring concrete beam plate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214169601U true CN214169601U (en) 2021-09-10

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