CN214162219U - Automatic tool changing device of machine tool - Google Patents

Automatic tool changing device of machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN214162219U
CN214162219U CN202023240323.8U CN202023240323U CN214162219U CN 214162219 U CN214162219 U CN 214162219U CN 202023240323 U CN202023240323 U CN 202023240323U CN 214162219 U CN214162219 U CN 214162219U
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China
Prior art keywords
movably connected
gear
cutter
bolt
automatic tool
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Active
Application number
CN202023240323.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐青龙
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Wuxi Pefit Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Wuxi Pefit Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202023240323.8U priority Critical patent/CN214162219U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic tool changing device of lathe, the bottom inner wall department fixed mounting of bearer frame has the motor, the right side fixed mounting of motor has horizontal gear's surface rotation is connected with the bevel gear, the neck swing joint of bevel gear has the action wheel, the top fixed mounting hinge bar group of bevel gear, the upper portion fixed mounting of hinge bar group has the bolt post, the surperficial swing joint of bolt post has a plurality of evenly distributed's perpendicular tooth. The utility model discloses open the motor, the motor rotates and can drive horizontal gear and rotate, and horizontal gear rotates and can drive inclined plane gear, and the bolt post of top rotates when inclined plane gear rotates, and when the shank of bolt rotates, the action wheel rotates, from the driving wheel rotation thereupon, drives the blade disc rotation from the driving wheel rotation to accomplish the change to the cutter, it is simple quick, can not have any influence to the course of working, greatly improved processing production efficiency.

Description

Automatic tool changing device of machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automatic processing field specifically is an automatic tool changing device of lathe.
Background
In the mechanical processing process of the workpiece, after a certain number of workpieces are processed by the cutter, the cutter is worn, the quality of the processed product can not meet the requirement, the cutter needs to be replaced at the moment,
however, in the prior art, the tool is generally replaced by manual replacement in actual use, and the machine needs to be stopped if the tool is replaced manually, so that firstly, the labor is increased, and the cost is increased; and secondly, the machine halt can influence the production continuity, reduce the production efficiency and is not beneficial to realizing the continuous and automatic production of the workpiece machining process.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an automatic tool changer of lathe to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the bottom inner wall department fixedly connected with motor of bearing frame, the right side fixedly connected with horizontal gear of motor the surface rotation of horizontal gear is connected with the inclined plane gear, the neck swing joint of inclined plane gear has the action wheel, the top fixed mounting hinge bar group of inclined plane gear, the upper portion fixedly connected with bolt post of hinge bar group, the surface swing joint of bolt post has a plurality of evenly distributed's perpendicular tooth, the lower extreme swing joint of bolt post has the workstation, the inside swing joint of workstation has the slip table, the upper surface bulge swing joint of slip table has L type pole, the quantity of L type pole is two, and two the L type pole is the symmetry axis symmetry setting about the vertical central axis of workstation mid point, the middle part fixedly connected with carrier block of L type pole, the fixed surface that the carrier block kept away from L type pole is connected with shockproof spring, the anti-vibration device is characterized in that a supporting rod is fixed at the position of the L-shaped rod corresponding to the anti-vibration spring, two ends of the supporting rod are connected with a connecting rod set in a rotating mode, the surface of the driving wheel of the connecting rod set is movably connected with a driven wheel, the right side of the driven wheel is movably connected with a cutter head, the periphery of the cutter head far away from the center is movably connected with a plurality of cutters which are evenly distributed, and the center of the cutter head is connected with a rotating shaft in a rotating mode.
Preferably, the cutter is provided with a clamping groove at a position corresponding to the clamping block, and the surface of the clamping block is movably connected with the surface of the clamping groove.
Preferably, the number of the rods in the hinge rod group is four, and the rods are connected with each other two by two to form a parallelogram.
Preferably, a bolt round hole is formed in the position, corresponding to the bolt column, of the top of the bearing frame, and the top surface of the bolt column is movably connected with the inner wall of the bolt round hole.
Preferably, a plurality of cutter grooves which are uniformly distributed are formed in the cutter head, and a plurality of grooves which are uniformly distributed are formed in the inner wall of each cutter groove.
Preferably, the inner wall of the groove is movably connected with a small spring, and one end of the small spring, which is close to the cutter, is movably connected with a sliding ball.
Preferably, the bottom of the position, corresponding to the workbench, of the bolt column is provided with an I-shaped groove, and the surface of one end of the workbench is movably connected with the inner wall of the I-shaped groove.
Preferably, the workbench is provided with a slide way towards the inner part corresponding to the position of the sliding table, and the surface of the sliding table is movably connected with the surface of the slide way.
Preferably, the bottom surface of the bearing block is provided with a circular groove, and the surface of the circular groove is movably connected with a ball.
Preferably, a supporting spring is fixedly connected to the inner part of the middle of the supporting rod.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model discloses open the motor, the motor rotates and can drive horizontal gear to rotate, horizontal gear rotates and can drive the bevel gear to rotate, the bolt post of top rotates when the bevel gear rotates, when the shank of bolt rotates, the action wheel rotates, along with from the driving wheel rotation, from the driving wheel rotation drive to the blade disc rotation, thereby accomplish the change to the cutter, simple and fast, can not have any influence to the course of working, greatly improved processing production efficiency;
2. the utility model discloses still press from both sides tight fixedly and the installation to the cutter through the L type pole at workstation both ends simultaneously, whole tool changing process can be accomplished convenient and fast along with the rotation of blade disc.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the overall structure of an automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the overall structure of an automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is the utility model relates to a whole local structure schematic diagram of automatic tool changer of lathe.
In the figure: 1. a bearing frame; 2. a motor; 3. a horizontal gear; 4. a bevel gear; 5. a driving wheel; 6. a hinge rod group; 7. a bolt column; 8. a bolt circular hole; 9. vertical teeth; 10. a driven wheel; 11. a cutter head; 12. a cutter; 13. a cutter groove; 14. a groove; 15. a small spring; 16. a sliding bead; 17. an L-shaped rod; 18. a shock-proof spring; 19. a support spring; 20. a bearing block; 21. a circular groove; 22. a ball bearing; 23. a work table; 24. a tool-shaped groove; 25. a sliding table; 26. a slideway; 27. a clamping block; 28. a card slot; 29. a connecting rod group; 30. a support bar; 31. a rotating shaft; 32. t-shaped bearing.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: an automatic tool changer of a machine tool comprises a bearing frame 1, wherein a motor 2 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the bottom end of the bearing frame 1, a horizontal gear 3 is fixedly connected to the right side of the motor 2, an inclined gear 4 is meshed with the surface of the horizontal gear 3, a T-shaped bearing 32 is movably connected to the middle of the inclined gear 4, a driving wheel 5 is fixedly connected to the neck of the inclined gear 4, a hinge rod group 6 is fixedly connected to the top end of the inclined gear 4, a bolt column 7 is fixedly connected to the upper portion of the hinge rod group 6, a plurality of uniformly distributed vertical teeth 9 are movably connected to the surface of the bolt column 7, a workbench 23 is movably connected to the lower end of the bolt column 7, a sliding table 25 is movably connected to the inner portion of the workbench 23, an L-shaped rod 17 is hinged to the convex portion of the upper surface of the sliding table 25, the number of the L-shaped rods 17 is two, and the two L-shaped rods 17 are symmetrically arranged about the vertical central axis of the midpoint of the workbench 23, the middle part fixedly connected with carrier block 20 of L type pole 17, the fixed surface that L type pole 17 was kept away from to carrier block 20 is connected with shockproof spring 18, the corresponding shockproof spring 18's of L type pole 17 position is fixed with bracing piece 30, the both ends of bracing piece 30 are rotated and are connected with connecting rod group 29, the one end swing joint that bevel gear 4 was kept away from to T type bearing 32 has from driving wheel 10, and the surface of driving wheel 5 meshes with from driving wheel 10, from driving wheel 10 right side swing joint have blade disc 11, the peripheral swing joint that central was kept away from to blade disc 11 has a plurality of evenly distributed's cutter 12, the center of blade disc 11 rotates and is connected with axis of rotation 31.
The cutter 12 is provided with a slot 28 at a position corresponding to the latch 27, and the surface of the latch 27 is movably connected with the surface of the slot 28.
The number of the rods in the hinge rod group 6 is four, and the rods are connected with each other in pairs to form a parallelogram structure.
The top of the bearing frame 1 is provided with a bolt round hole 8 corresponding to the position of the bolt column 7, the top surface of the bolt column 7 is movably connected with the inner wall of the bolt round hole 8, and the inner wall of the bolt round hole 8 is fixedly connected with a plurality of uniformly distributed vertical teeth 9.
The cutter head 11 is provided with a plurality of cutter grooves 13 which are uniformly distributed, and the inner wall of each cutter groove 13 is provided with a plurality of grooves 14 which are uniformly distributed.
The inner wall of the groove 14 is movably connected with a small spring 15, and one end of the small spring 15 close to the cutter 12 is movably connected with a sliding ball 16.
The bottom of the bolt column 7 corresponding to the position of the working table 23 is provided with an I-shaped groove 24, and the surface of one end of the working table 23 is movably connected with the inner wall of the I-shaped groove 24.
The workbench 23 is provided with a slide way 26 towards the inner part corresponding to the position of the sliding table 25, and the surface of the sliding table 25 is movably connected with the surface of the slide way 26.
The bottom surface of the bearing block 20 is provided with a circular groove 21, and the surface of the circular groove 21 is movably connected with a ball 22.
A support spring 19 is fixedly connected to the middle inner portion of the support rod 30.
The working principle is as follows: when the utility model is used, the motor 2 is opened, the rotation of the motor 2 can drive the horizontal gear 3 to rotate, the rotation of the horizontal gear 3 can drive the inclined gear 4 to rotate, the bolt column 7 above the inclined gear 4 rotates, the bolt column 7 rotates and can continuously rise under the supporting action of the vertical teeth 9, the hinge rod group 6 below the bolt column 7 can deform to prevent the bolt column 7 from being separated, when the bolt column 7 rises, the workbench 23 movably connected above the bolt column 7 rises, the L-shaped rod 17 slides on the shockproof spring 18, when the slideway 26 is arranged above the L-shaped rod 17, the distance between the two L-shaped rods 17 is increased, the distance between the slipways 25 is increased, so that the cutter 12 is loosened, otherwise, the cutter 12 can be clamped, and the connecting group rod between the two L-shaped rods 17 can prevent the shockproof spring 18 from extruding the slider to one, so that the clamping treatment on the cutter 12 cannot be carried out, when the inclined gear 4 rotates, the driving wheel 5 connected to the upper part rotates, the driving wheel 5 rotates to drive the driven wheel 10 to rotate, the driven wheel 10 rotates to drive the cutter head 11 to rotate, and the cutter 12 fixed to the upper part can be changed when the cutter head 11 rotates, so that cutter changing is completed.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic tool changer of lathe, includes carriage (1), its characterized in that: the bottom end inner wall of the bearing frame (1) is fixedly connected with a motor (2), the right side of the motor (2) is fixedly connected with a horizontal gear (3), the surface of the horizontal gear (3) is meshed with an inclined gear (4), the middle part of the inclined gear (4) is movably connected with a T-shaped bearing (32), the neck of the inclined gear (4) is fixedly connected with a driving wheel (5), the top end of the inclined gear (4) is fixedly connected with a hinge rod group (6), the upper part of the hinge rod group (6) is fixedly connected with a bolt column (7), the surface of the bolt column (7) is movably connected with a plurality of uniformly distributed vertical teeth (9), the lower end of the bolt column (7) is movably connected with a workbench (23), the inner part of the workbench (23) is movably connected with a sliding table (25), and the upper surface convex part of the sliding table (25) is hinged with an L-shaped rod (17), the quantity of L type pole (17) is two, and two vertical central axis about workstation (23) midpoint of L type pole (17) sets up for symmetry axis symmetry, the middle part fixedly connected with carrier block (20) of L type pole (17), the fixed surface that L type pole (17) were kept away from in carrier block (20) is connected with shockproof spring (18), the fixed position of the corresponding shockproof spring (18) of L type pole (17) has bracing piece (30), the both ends of bracing piece (30) are rotated and are connected with connecting rod group (29), the one end swing joint that inclined plane gear (4) was kept away from in T type bearing (32) has from driving wheel (10), and the surface of action wheel (5) meshes with from driving wheel (10), from driving wheel (10) right side swing joint have blade disc (11), the peripheral swing joint that the center was kept away from in blade disc (11) has a plurality of evenly distributed's cutter (12), the center of the cutter head (11) is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft (31).
2. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the cutter (12) is provided with a clamping groove (28) at a position corresponding to the clamping block (27), and the surface of the clamping block (27) is movably connected with the surface of the clamping groove (28).
3. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the number of the rods in the hinge rod group (6) is four, and the rods are connected with each other in pairs to form a parallelogram structure.
4. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: bolt round hole (8) have been seted up to the corresponding bolt post (7) in position in top of bearing frame (1), and the top surface of bolt post (7) and the inner wall swing joint of bolt round hole (8), the inner wall fixedly connected with of bolt round hole (8) a plurality of evenly distributed erects tooth (9).
5. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: a plurality of cutter grooves (13) which are uniformly distributed are formed in the cutter head (11), and a plurality of grooves (14) which are uniformly distributed are formed in the inner wall of each cutter groove (13).
6. An automatic tool changer for a machine tool according to claim 5, characterized in that: the inner wall of the groove (14) is movably connected with a small spring (15), and one end, close to the cutter (12), of the small spring (15) is movably connected with a sliding ball (16).
7. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the position, corresponding to the workbench (23), of the bolt column (7) is provided with an I-shaped groove (24), and the surface of one end of the workbench (23) is movably connected with the inner wall of the I-shaped groove (24).
8. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the workbench (23) is provided with a slide way (26) towards the inner part corresponding to the position of the sliding table (25), and the surface of the sliding table (25) is movably connected with the surface of the slide way (26).
9. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom surface of the bearing block (20) is provided with a circular groove (21), and the surface of the circular groove (21) is movably connected with a ball (22).
10. The automatic tool changer of a machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that: a supporting spring (19) is fixedly connected in the middle of the supporting rod (30).
CN202023240323.8U 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 Automatic tool changing device of machine tool Active CN214162219U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023240323.8U CN214162219U (en) 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 Automatic tool changing device of machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202023240323.8U CN214162219U (en) 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 Automatic tool changing device of machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN214162219U true CN214162219U (en) 2021-09-10

Family

ID=77610385

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202023240323.8U Active CN214162219U (en) 2020-12-29 2020-12-29 Automatic tool changing device of machine tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN214162219U (en)

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