CN2140434Y - Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output - Google Patents

Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2140434Y
CN2140434Y CN 92236485 CN92236485U CN2140434Y CN 2140434 Y CN2140434 Y CN 2140434Y CN 92236485 CN92236485 CN 92236485 CN 92236485 U CN92236485 U CN 92236485U CN 2140434 Y CN2140434 Y CN 2140434Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
turbine
wind
energy
wind power
generator
Prior art date
Application number
CN 92236485
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
石行
Original Assignee
北京市西城区新开通用试验厂
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Application filed by 北京市西城区新开通用试验厂 filed Critical 北京市西城区新开通用试验厂
Priority to CN 92236485 priority Critical patent/CN2140434Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2140434Y publication Critical patent/CN2140434Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output, which is formed by that an invertible turbine and corresponding devices thereof are added as the accessories for power balance, on the basis of a digital control wind power generator. When the intensity of the wind varies, the regulating action of an energy storage air tank and an invertible turbine is utilized to make the wind power electricity generation obtain electric outlet as balanced as possible, under the integrating control of a micro-computer. Simultaneously, the utility model can provide lower grade heat energy and a light cold source. Besides, the wind power generator ensures the comprehensive utilization of the wind power resource and increases the utilization rate.

Description

The utility model relates to a kind of comprehensive utilization device of renewable energy sources, exactly, relates to a kind of wind generating unit of exportable multiple energy.
Along with the propelling of development of human society and science and technology, people's living standard also improves constantly with more and more faster speed, and along with the raising of people's living standard, the consumption of the energy also increases year by year, and energy resources day is becoming tight.Usually people are accustomed to using with fuel such as coal, oil, rock gases as primary energy; because this fuel of a large amount of uses; when it is human work done performance usefulness; also bring a kind of serious natural crisis silently: it is drained a large amount of used heat and harmful poisonous gas, material in physical environment, one of performance is that the carbon dioxide content that has remained balance in the atmosphere since how many centuries is increasing year by year.This balance is one of requirement of keeping the nature survival and prosperity, if let alone down by present trend development, will produce greenhouse effect in 21st century, and its consequence will seriously jeopardize human normal life.For this reason, the United Nations convenes the countries in the world head to hold " environmental development conference " in June in this year, appeals to improve as early as possible human environment of depending on for existence.Moreover above-mentioned mineral fuel resource is also exhausted day by day, forces people to develop the new energy diligently.Renewable energy sources paid more and more attention and development and use that solar energy, underground heat, waterpower, morning and evening tides, wind-force etc. can obtain from natural phenomenon in earth environment again and again.Wherein wind resource also is a kind of inexhaustible, nexhaustible renewable energy sources, does not pollute again.
According to measuring and calculating, 1 kilowatt-hour of wind-power electricity generation of every use just is equivalent to discharge less 1 kilogram of carbon dioxide in atmosphere.The European Community has required the year two thousand thirty, and the energy of wind-power electricity generation will account for 10% of EU member country total generating capacity, so that make the content of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere in 2000 still remain on the level of nineteen ninety.Yet, the present Wind Power Utilization device that uses, its function all is single, perhaps only is used for generating, perhaps an outputting power makes utilization ratio of wind energy too low.
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of wind generating unit that can export multiple energy, makes wind energy enter integrated application and improves its utilization ratio greatly.
The utility model increases the auxiliary device of a cover power-balance on the basis of single wind generating unit realizes.Mechanical structure schematic representation of the present utility model is as shown in Figure 1: it includes the wind wing 1, reversible turbine 3, generator 5 and heat exchanger 6, energy storage gas tank 7, it is characterized in that: the wind wing 1 its rotating shaft that is erected on the pylon drives reversible turbine 3 rotations, and by the rotor rotation of turbine rotating shaft through coupling 4 drive numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motors 5, the feed output of this generator is carried out digital control by its interface to generator 5, inverter 10 by microcomputer 11 through from even pressure governor 9 and inverter 10 input electrical networks; The high-pressure outlet of reversible turbine 3 is connected to heat exchanger 6 and energy storage compression gas tank 7 in proper order, and the outlet of compression gas tank 7 is connected to turbine expander and the common coiler or the finned heat exchanger 8 of reversible turbine 3.
The utility model is the patent modifying device of digital-controlled wind power electricity generating device (it is qualified that application number: CN92227131.2 has examined).We know that the maximum characteristics of wind resource are that output power is non-constant, and corresponding change take place with the variation of wind-force size.The utility model is exactly to increase reversible turbine and the relevant device auxiliary conversion equipment as power-balance on the basis of digital-controlled wind power electricity generating device again, so that wind energy power obtains balanced as far as possible output power, simultaneously, multiple different-energy is provided again: i.e. the life or the low grade heat energy and the low-temperature receiver of commercial Application make wind resource obtain comprehensive utilization and improve its utilization ratio greatly.
Working principle of the present utility model is: the rotation of the wind wing 1, drive reversible turbine 3 rotations through its rotating shaft 2, when wind-force is more powerful, reversible turbine 3 is worked as compressor state (energy storage state), at this moment there is high velocity air to enter in the reversible turbine and is compressed into high-pressure air by it, turbine 3 rotating shafts drive the rotor 5A rotation of numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor 5 through coupling 4, outer rim at rotor 5A is fixed with a plurality of magnetic poles of making of rare-earth permanent magnet, produce a plurality of rotating magnetic fields in the stator 5C that is rotated in generator 5 of these magnetic poles, the cutting magnetic line effect takes place in rotating magnetic field and stator coil 5B, make stator coil 5B obtain electromotive force, these electromotive force are drawn becomes current fed pressure governor 9, after pressure governor 9 was raised to 220 volts or 380 volts to output voltage, being reverse into behind the Ac feed-in electrical network again in the PWM-type inverter 10 via microcomputer 11 control or directly being defeated by the load b that blinks was the production process of electric energy in the utility model.The effect of pressure governor 9 is to cause that changing because of wind-force is strong and weak unbalanced the carrying out of output voltage that the generator amature change in rotational speed is brought regulate from idol, keeps constant voltage output as far as possible.Meanwhile, compressed high-pressure air is from the high-pressure outlet output of reversible turbine 3, and input energy storage compressed air cylinder is 7 li after heat exchanger 6 coolings.Can be used as the low grade heat energy of life usefulness by the heat energy that obtains in the heat exchanger 6, for example as washing, the hot water of having a bath etc.The energy storage compressed air cylinder can adopt Structural Hardware, and it is underground also can to adopt concrete structure to be based upon.If can utilize the natural cave of sealing, then can store sizable compressed air energy.
When wind-force was not enough, reversible turbine 3 of the present utility model was worked as turbo-expander state (complementary energy state).At this moment, except the wind blows turbo wheel rotates, also from energy storage gas tank 7, import working medium ┈ pressurized air with certain pressure, through 3 pairs of turboexpander actings of turbine, improve the rotating speed of turbine spindle, thereby also improve the rotor speed of generator 5, keep the equilibrium of its output voltage as far as possible.The working medium of discharging from turbine 3 low tension outlets is through entering after the refrigerated heat exchanger 8 in atmosphere or the low pressure storage tank.Refrigerated heat exchanger 8 can adopt common coiler or finned heat exchanger, and the cold that is obtained from refrigerated heat exchanger 8 can be used as cold source of air conditioning or industrial shallow cold source.Because the utility model adopts wind-force ┈ high-speed air flow as working medium, be pressurized air in the gas tank, it is entered atmosphere, do not worry the pollution of environment and the spending of payment environmental improvement, the expense overhead issues that does not also have working medium helps reducing the cost of wind-power electricity generation.
Reversible turbine of the present utility model is equipped with the one group of nozzle that can regulate, is used for the control to the turbine expander working state.This nozzle is also coordinated to control by but generator 5 control inverters 10 are carried out numerically controlled microcomputer 11, and it can regulate air-flow size and the speed that sprays into turbine expander from gas tank 7.
Generator of the present utility model is a numerical control rare earth synchronous machine (number of patent application CN91101413.6) at full speed, its stator structure is identical with common mouse cage asynchronous AC motor, constitute by stator 5C and stator coil 5B, then with having good magnetic property and the high steel of rigidity are made solid cylinder, enclosed inside is equipped with a plurality of slotted eye ┈ magnetic poles that fill up rare-earth permanent magnet to rotor 5A.This motor can be under any one state from low speed to the hypervelocity range balanced rotation, reach full speed dynamic balance, this point especially is fit to do the supporting use of wind-driven generator, also can save gear arrangement.Adopting this kind type is that generator can make the electromechanical structure of whole device reach most to simplify, the Numeric Control Technology that is aided with computer again, the control of nozzle operation state in generator, inverter, the compressed-air actuated discharging of energy storage gas tank and the reversible turbine and generation, the output of electric energy are regulated, realized operation optimization.To this, in " digital-controlled wind power electricity generating device " patent application the narration more detailed, repeat no more herein.
Each constituent element of the present utility model all has the typing commodity can supply to select for use.The turbo-expander series approved product that reversible turbine can select for use the Ministry of Aerospace 609 to be produced.Generator and corollary equipment thereof can be selected the serial approved product of U.S. ME company for use, and be domestic also at the development numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor, and inverter then has the G7 series inverter of Japanese fuji company, and the utility model can directly adopt it.Heat exchanger can be selected the heat exchanger of idle call etc. for use.In a word, the utility model has not only solved the unbalanced wind-driven generator that causes of wind-force preferably and has exported unsettled contradiction, turbo-expander/compressor in the reversible turbine be can also utilize simultaneously and low-grade heat source and shallow cold source obtained, obtain the output of multiple energy, improved the energy and wind energy integrative utilization ratio.
Utilize working mechanism of the present utility model, reversible turbine is changed into reversible pump, working medium changes water into by air stream, the also corresponding water storage Pressure Container that changes into of energy-storing device, increase the solenoid valve of two two-way switchings again, in order to control water the flow direction and work in the different conditions that energy storage is still exported energy, can make a hydroelectric power unit that its output voltage is more stable.This reversible two-way pump, there is serial approved product in U.S. WIER company, domesticly also succeeds in developing, and is about to drop into trial production.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of wind generating unit of exportable multiple energy, include the wind wing 1, reversible turbine 3, generator 5 and heat exchanger 6, energy storage gas tank 7, it is characterized in that: the wind wing 1 its rotating shaft that is erected on the pylon drives reversible turbine 3 rotations, and by the rotor rotation of turbine rotating shaft through coupling 4 drive numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motors 5, the feed output of this generator is carried out digital control by its interface to generator 5, inverter 10 by microcomputer 11 through from even pressure governor 9 and inverter 10 input electrical networks; The high-pressure outlet of reversible turbine 3 is connected to heat exchanger 6 and energy storage compression gas tank 7 in proper order, and the outlet of compression gas tank 7 is connected to turbine expander and the common coiler or the finned heat exchanger 8 of reversible turbine 3.
2, the wind generating unit of exportable multiple energy as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the nozzle of turbine expander is by microcomputer air-flow size, the speed of its ejection to be carried out numerical control.
CN 92236485 1992-10-19 1992-10-19 Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output CN2140434Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 92236485 CN2140434Y (en) 1992-10-19 1992-10-19 Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 92236485 CN2140434Y (en) 1992-10-19 1992-10-19 Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2140434Y true CN2140434Y (en) 1993-08-18

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 92236485 CN2140434Y (en) 1992-10-19 1992-10-19 Wind power generator capable of giving multiple energy output

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN2140434Y (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100425925C (en) * 2006-01-23 2008-10-15 杜培俭 Electricity generating, air conditioning and heating apparatus utilizing natural medium and solar energy or waste heat

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100425925C (en) * 2006-01-23 2008-10-15 杜培俭 Electricity generating, air conditioning and heating apparatus utilizing natural medium and solar energy or waste heat

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