CN213991688U - Tectorial membrane beet harvester - Google Patents

Tectorial membrane beet harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213991688U
CN213991688U CN202021357888.1U CN202021357888U CN213991688U CN 213991688 U CN213991688 U CN 213991688U CN 202021357888 U CN202021357888 U CN 202021357888U CN 213991688 U CN213991688 U CN 213991688U
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China
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conveying
unloading
rack
chains
chain
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CN202021357888.1U
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Inventor
辛福志
韩成全
李达
席永忠
李博
王春林
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Heilongjiang Beidahuang modern agricultural service group Zhongrong Agricultural Machinery Co.,Ltd.
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Heilongjiang Beidahuang Zhongrong Agriculture Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

A film-covered beet harvester relates to a harvester, in particular to a film-covered beet harvester. The invention aims to solve the problems that the prior film-coated beet harvesting operation is mainly finished in a semi-manual mode, the labor intensity is high and the operation efficiency is low. The invention comprises a pulling wheel component, a frame, two land wheels, an unloading component, a conveying mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a traction component; the two sides of the rear end of the rack are respectively provided with a land wheel, the traction assembly is arranged at the front end of the rack, the pulling wheel assembly is arranged at the lower surface of the front end of the rack, the conveying mechanism is arranged in the middle of the rack, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the rack, the unloading assembly is arranged in the middle of the rack, and the unloading assembly is arranged above the conveying mechanism. The invention belongs to the field of agricultural machinery.

Description

Tectorial membrane beet harvester
Technical Field
The invention relates to a harvester, in particular to a film-coated beet harvester, and belongs to the field of agricultural machinery.
Background
Beta is a biennial herb with cone-shaped or spindle-shaped root and succulent. The stem is upright, the basal leaves are rectangular and round, the upper part of the stem is long, the stem is wrinkled and uneven, the lower part of the stem is provided with a thick and protruded leaf vein which is full-edged or slightly wavy, the stem is thick, the stem and the leaf are grown mutually, the stem and the leaf are small, the flower is gathered, the flower is divided into strips or is rectangular and round, and the upper part of the fruiting body is slightly fleshy; beet is native to western and southern europe along the coast, and is transplanted from sweden to spanish, and china is mainly distributed in xinjiang, black dragon river, inner mongolia, etc. They are good for warm crops, but they are strong in cold resistance. The beet grows well on the deep and soft soil rich in organic matters; sugar beet is a major sugar source in addition to sugar cane. Beet is commonly cooked or salted in the united states, and russian beet pottage is the traditional beet soup in eastern europe. Sugar beet is the most important commercial type, and fodder beet and leaf beet are cultivated as in most crops; at present, the film-coated beet harvesting operation is mainly finished in a semi-manual mode, the labor intensity is high, and the operation efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a film-coated beet harvester, aiming at solving the problems that the film-coated beet harvesting operation is mainly completed in a semi-manual mode, the labor intensity is high and the operation efficiency is low at present.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the problems is as follows: the invention comprises a pulling wheel component, a frame, two land wheels, an unloading component, a conveying mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a traction component;
the two sides of the rear end of the rack are respectively provided with a land wheel, the traction assembly is arranged at the front end of the rack, the pulling wheel assembly is arranged at the lower surface of the front end of the rack, the conveying mechanism is arranged in the middle of the rack, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the rack, the unloading assembly is arranged in the middle of the rack, and the unloading assembly is arranged above the conveying mechanism.
Furthermore, the pulling wheel assembly consists of two pulling wheel groups which are arranged side by side along the width direction of the frame, and each pulling wheel group consists of two pulling wheels which are arranged in a V shape.
Further, the conveying mechanism comprises a first conveying chain roller group, a second conveying chain roller group, two first conveying chains, two second conveying chains, a plurality of first conveying chain rods, a plurality of second conveying chain rods and transition rollers;
the first conveying chain rolls the group, the transition roller, the second conveying chain rolls the group and installs in proper order in the frame by preceding to back, two first conveying chains are overlapped side by side on first conveying chain rolls the group, two second conveying chains are overlapped side by side on second conveying chain rolls the group, a plurality of first conveying chain poles set up side by side between two first conveying chains, and the both ends of every first conveying chain pole are connected with two first conveying chains respectively, a plurality of second conveying chain poles set up side by side between two second conveying chains, and the both ends of every second conveying chain pole are connected with two second conveying chains respectively.
Further, the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting frame, a horizontal conveying frame, a plurality of lifting rollers, a plurality of lifting gears and a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers;
the rear end at the frame is installed to the play to rise the frame, and horizontal transport frame fixed mounting is in the upper end that rises the frame, and a plurality of promotion rolls from top to bottom and installs in proper order in the frame that rises, and a plurality of horizontal transport rolls by preceding to back install in proper order in horizontal transport frame, and a plurality of hoisting gears are installed in the junction that rises frame and horizontal transport frame.
Further, the unloading assembly comprises an unloading bracket, a collecting groove, two unloading chain rolling groups, two unloading conveying chains and a plurality of third conveying chain rods; the unloading support is arranged in the middle of the rack, the unloading support is perpendicular to the rack along the length direction, the collecting groove is arranged at the tail end of the unloading support, the two unloading chain rolling groups are arranged on the unloading support side by side, the two unloading conveying chains are sleeved on the two unloading chain rolling groups respectively, the plurality of third conveying chain rods are arranged between the two unloading conveying chains side by side, two ends of each third conveying chain rod are connected with the two unloading conveying chains respectively, and the collecting groove is located below the horizontal conveying frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the device can well separate the mulching film and the beet seedlings, can reduce soil blocks from being conveyed to a transport vehicle, and solves the problem that the coated beet cannot be harvested in a combined manner; the product can make two digging modes under different operation conditions; after the artificial transplanting, the difference value of the two ridge distances is large, one-side pulling wheels and the convex shovels can be used in a matched mode, the convex shovels replace the one-side pulling wheels, and the beet is brought onto the first conveying chain under the condition that the roots of the beet are not damaged; the invention can work directly by two groups of pulling wheels, which ensures that the machine can be used normally in different working environments. Compared with other equipment, the equipment has the advantages that under the condition that the root is not damaged, stems and leaves and soil blocks can be better removed, and the equipment can be better adapted to harvesting work in different forms by replacing accessories.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The first embodiment is as follows: the embodiment is described with reference to fig. 1 to 3, and the film-covered beet harvester of the embodiment comprises a pulling wheel assembly 1, a frame 2, two land wheels 3, an unloading assembly 4, a conveying mechanism 5, a lifting mechanism 6 and a traction assembly 7;
the two sides of the rear end of the frame 2 are respectively provided with a land wheel 3, the traction assembly 7 is arranged at the front end of the frame 2, the pulling wheel assembly 1 is arranged on the lower surface of the front end of the frame 2, the conveying mechanism 5 is arranged in the middle of the frame 2, the hoisting mechanism 6 is arranged at the rear end of the frame 2, the unloading assembly 4 is arranged in the middle of the frame 2, and the unloading assembly 4 is positioned above the conveying mechanism 5.
The second embodiment is as follows: the embodiment is described with reference to fig. 1 to 3, and the pulling-up wheel assembly 1 of the film-coated beet harvester of the embodiment is composed of two pulling-up wheel groups which are arranged side by side along the width direction of the frame 2, and each pulling-up wheel group is composed of two pulling-up wheels 1-1 which are arranged in a V shape. Other components and connections are the same as those in the first embodiment.
The third concrete implementation mode: the conveying mechanism 5 of the coated beet harvester according to the embodiment comprises a first conveyor chain roller group 5-1, a second conveyor chain roller group 5-2, two first conveyor chains 5-3, two second conveyor chains 5-4, a plurality of first conveyor chain rods 5-5, a plurality of second conveyor chain rods 5-6 and a transition roller 5-7;
the first conveying chain rolling group 5-1, the transition roller 5-7 and the second conveying chain rolling group 5-2 are sequentially installed on the rack 2 from front to back, the two first conveying chains 5-3 are sleeved on the first conveying chain rolling group 5-1 side by side, the two second conveying chains 5-4 are sleeved on the second conveying chain rolling group 5-2 side by side, the plurality of first conveying chain rods 5-5 are arranged between the two first conveying chains 5-3 side by side, two ends of each first conveying chain rod 5-5 are respectively connected with the two first conveying chains 5-3, the plurality of second conveying chain rods 5-6 are arranged between the two second conveying chains 5-4 side by side, and two ends of each second conveying chain rod 5-6 are respectively connected with the two second conveying chains 5-4. Other components and connections are the same as those in the first embodiment.
The fourth concrete implementation mode: the embodiment is described with reference to fig. 1 to 3, and the lifting mechanism 6 of the film-covered beet harvester in the embodiment comprises a lifting frame 6-1, a horizontal conveying frame 6-2, a plurality of lifting rollers 6-3, a plurality of lifting gears 6-4 and a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers 6-5;
a lifting frame 6-1 is arranged at the rear end of a rack 2, a horizontal conveying frame 6-2 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the lifting frame 6-1, a plurality of lifting rollers 6-3 are sequentially arranged in the lifting frame 6-1 from top to bottom, a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers 6-5 are sequentially arranged in the horizontal conveying frame 6-2 from front to back, and a plurality of lifting gears 6-4 are arranged in the connecting part of the lifting frame 6-1 and the horizontal conveying frame 6-2. Other components and connections are the same as those in the first embodiment.
The fifth concrete implementation mode: the unloading assembly 4 of the film covered beet harvester of the embodiment comprises an unloading bracket 4-1, a collecting groove 4-2, two unloading chain roller groups 4-3, two unloading conveying chains 4-4 and a plurality of third conveying chain rods 4-5; the unloading support 4-1 is arranged in the middle of the rack 2, the central line of the unloading support 4-1 in the length direction is perpendicular to the central line of the rack 2 in the length direction, the collecting tank 4-2 is arranged at the tail end of the unloading support 4-1, the two unloading chain roller sets 4-3 are arranged on the unloading support 4-1 side by side, the two unloading conveying chains 4-4 are respectively sleeved on the two unloading chain roller sets 4-3, the third conveying chain rods 4-5 are arranged between the two unloading conveying chains 4-4 side by side, two ends of the third conveying chain rods 4-5 are respectively connected with the two unloading conveying chains 4-4, and the collecting tank 4-2 is positioned below the horizontal conveying frame 6-2. Other components and connection relationships are the same as those in the first or fourth embodiment.
Principle of operation
The beet is pulled out from soil by the pulling wheel component 1 and is sent to the conveying mechanism 5, the beet is sent to the lifting mechanism 6 by the conveying mechanism 5, the beet is lifted and sent to the unloading component 4 by the lifting mechanism 6, and the beet is finally sent to the transport vehicle by the unloading component 4.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations can be made herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. A tectorial membrane beet harvester which characterized in that: the film-coated beet harvester comprises a pulling wheel assembly (1), a frame (2), two land wheels (3), an unloading assembly (4), a conveying mechanism (5), a lifting mechanism (6) and a traction assembly (7);
the two sides of the rear end of the rack (2) are respectively provided with a land wheel (3), the traction assembly (7) is arranged at the front end of the rack (2), the lifting wheel assembly (1) is arranged on the lower surface of the front end of the rack (2), the conveying mechanism (5) is arranged in the middle of the rack (2), the lifting mechanism (6) is arranged at the rear end of the rack (2), the unloading assembly (4) is arranged in the middle of the rack (2), and the unloading assembly (4) is arranged above the conveying mechanism (5).
2. The film-covered beet harvester as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the pulling wheel assembly (1) consists of two pulling wheel groups which are arranged side by side along the width direction of the rack (2), and each pulling wheel group consists of two pulling wheels (1-1) which are arranged in a V shape.
3. The film-covered beet harvester as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the conveying mechanism (5) comprises a first conveying chain roller group (5-1), a second conveying chain roller group (5-2), two first conveying chains (5-3), two second conveying chains (5-4), a plurality of first conveying chain rods (5-5), a plurality of second conveying chain rods (5-6) and transition rollers (5-7);
the first conveying chain rolling group (5-1), the transition roller (5-7) and the second conveying chain rolling group (5-2) are sequentially arranged on the rack (2) from front to back, two first conveying chains (5-3) are sleeved on the first conveying chain rolling group (5-1) side by side, two second conveying chains (5-4) are sleeved on the second conveying chain rolling group (5-2) side by side, a plurality of first conveying chain rods (5-5) are arranged between the two first conveying chains (5-3) side by side, and both ends of each first transmission chain rod (5-5) are respectively connected with two first transmission chains (5-3), a plurality of second transmission chain rods (5-6) are arranged between the two second transmission chains (5-4) side by side, and the two ends of each second transmission chain rod (5-6) are respectively connected with two second transmission chains (5-4).
4. The film-covered beet harvester as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism (6) comprises a lifting frame (6-1), a horizontal conveying frame (6-2), a plurality of lifting rollers (6-3), a plurality of lifting gears (6-4) and a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers (6-5);
a lifting frame (6-1) is installed at the rear end of a rack (2), a horizontal conveying frame (6-2) is fixedly installed at the upper end of the lifting frame (6-1), a plurality of lifting rollers (6-3) are sequentially installed in the lifting frame (6-1) from top to bottom, a plurality of horizontal conveying rollers (6-5) are sequentially installed in the horizontal conveying frame (6-2) from front to back, and a plurality of lifting gears (6-4) are installed in the connecting position of the lifting frame (6-1) and the horizontal conveying frame (6-2).
5. The coated sugar beet harvester according to claim 1 or 4, wherein: the unloading assembly (4) comprises an unloading bracket (4-1), a collecting groove (4-2), two unloading chain rolling groups (4-3), two unloading conveying chains (4-4) and a plurality of third conveying chain rods (4-5); the unloading support (4-1) is installed in the middle of the rack (2), the center line of the unloading support (4-1) in the length direction is perpendicular to the center line of the rack (2) in the length direction, the collecting tank (4-2) is installed at the tail end of the unloading support (4-1), the two unloading chain roller sets (4-3) are installed on the unloading support (4-1) side by side, the two unloading conveying chains (4-4) are respectively sleeved on the two unloading chain roller sets (4-3), a plurality of third conveying chain rods (4-5) are arranged between the two unloading conveying chains (4-4) side by side, two ends of each third conveying chain rod (4-5) are respectively connected with the two unloading conveying chains (4-4), and the collecting tank (4-2) is located below the horizontal conveying rack (6-2).
CN202021357888.1U 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Tectorial membrane beet harvester Active CN213991688U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021357888.1U CN213991688U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Tectorial membrane beet harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021357888.1U CN213991688U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Tectorial membrane beet harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213991688U true CN213991688U (en) 2021-08-20

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ID=77287685

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021357888.1U Active CN213991688U (en) 2020-07-10 2020-07-10 Tectorial membrane beet harvester

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN213991688U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114586537A (en) * 2022-03-11 2022-06-07 福建省农业机械化研究所(福建省机械科学研究院) Double-disc type rooting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114586537A (en) * 2022-03-11 2022-06-07 福建省农业机械化研究所(福建省机械科学研究院) Double-disc type rooting device

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CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 150431 No. 4, qiangbin Road, Binxi economic and Technological Development Zone, Binxi Town, Bin County, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province

Patentee after: Heilongjiang Beidahuang modern agricultural service group Zhongrong Agricultural Machinery Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 150231 No. 4, Qiang Bin Road, Bin Xi economic and Technological Development Zone, Bin County, Harbin, Heilongjiang

Patentee before: HEILONGJIANG BEIDAHUANG ZHONGRONG AGRICULTURE MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address