CN213970483U - Double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment - Google Patents

Double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213970483U
CN213970483U CN202021903876.4U CN202021903876U CN213970483U CN 213970483 U CN213970483 U CN 213970483U CN 202021903876 U CN202021903876 U CN 202021903876U CN 213970483 U CN213970483 U CN 213970483U
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China
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assembly
axis
belt
abrasive belt
driven wheel
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CN202021903876.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张瑞军
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Ju Hua Machinery Making Co ltd
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Ju Hua Machinery Making Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-sided abrasive belt grinding device, which relates to the technical field of grinding and polishing devices and comprises a displacement mechanism and two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms; the displacement mechanism comprises a Z-axis displacement assembly, the support assembly is fixed on a moving part of the Z-axis displacement assembly, the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms are opposite to each other on the Z-axis displacement assembly, and the Z-axis displacement assembly is used for linking the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms to close or separate along the Z-axis direction. The utility model mainly solves the problem that the abrasive belt polishing equipment can only polish one plane in the same time period; the abrasive belts pressed by the pressing abrasive belt component in the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms are attached to the upper plane and the lower plane of the workpiece to be processed, the upper plane and the lower plane of the workpiece can be simultaneously ground, the working efficiency is improved, and the yield is further improved.

Description

Double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a burnishing and polishing equipment technical field specifically is a two-sided abrasive band equipment of polishing.
Background
With the improvement of the automation technology level, more and more metal surface treatment processes are positively changed into full automation.
The plane grinding is an important metal surface treatment process, and can be realized through an abrasive belt grinding mechanism, in particular, a flexible abrasive belt is attached to the flat surface of a workpiece to be processed, the abrasive belt is pressed on the flat surface of the workpiece to be processed through a pressing mechanism, and then the abrasive belt is driven to run, so that the plane grinding is completed.
Abrasive belt grinding equipment among the prior art only can polish a plane in same time quantum, and to two sides about being planar work piece, polish one of them plane after, need with the work piece upset or shift to another abrasive belt grinding equipment department, just can polish another plane, work efficiency is lower, influences output.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a two-sided abrasive band equipment of polishing can polish two upper and lower planes of work piece simultaneously, improves work efficiency.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a double-sided abrasive belt grinding device comprises a displacement mechanism and two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms; the abrasive belt polishing mechanism comprises a support assembly, a driving wheel assembly, a fixed driven wheel assembly, a movable driven wheel assembly, an abrasive belt pressing assembly and an abrasive belt; the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly, the movable driven wheel assembly and the sand pressing belt assembly are all arranged on the support assembly, the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly and the movable driven wheel assembly tension the abrasive belt, the sand pressing belt assembly presses the abrasive belt from the inner side of the tensioned abrasive belt, and the part of the abrasive belt pressed by the sand pressing belt assembly is a grinding part; the displacement mechanism comprises a Z-axis displacement assembly, the support assembly is fixed on a moving part of the Z-axis displacement assembly, the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms are opposite to each other on the Z-axis displacement assembly, and the Z-axis displacement assembly is used for linking the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms to close or separate along the Z-axis direction.
In the above technical solution, the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly and the movable driven wheel assembly tension the abrasive belt into a triangle.
In the technical scheme, the driving wheel assembly comprises a belt motor, a driving wheel, a driving belt, a belt driving wheel and a driving wheel shaft; the abrasive belt motor is fixed on the bracket component, and a rotating shaft of the abrasive belt motor is sleeved with a driving wheel; the driving wheel shaft is pivoted on the support assembly, one end of the driving wheel shaft is sleeved with a driving wheel, the abrasive belt driving wheel is sleeved at the other end of the driving wheel shaft, and the driving belt drives between the two driving wheels.
In the technical scheme, the fixed driven wheel assembly comprises a fixed driven wheel and a fixed driven wheel shaft; the fixed driven wheel is pivoted on the bracket component through the fixed driven wheel shaft.
In the technical scheme, the movable driven wheel assembly comprises a movable driven wheel, a driven wheel pivoting frame and a tensioning cylinder; the tensioning cylinder is fixed on the support assembly, the movable driven wheel is pivoted on the driven wheel pivoting frame, and the tensioning cylinder is linked with the movable driven wheel to lift through the driven wheel pivoting frame.
In the technical scheme, the sand pressing belt component comprises a sand pressing belt cylinder, a pressing plate, an elastic component and a contact plate; the abrasive belt pressing cylinder is fixed on the support assembly, the pressing plate is fixed on a piston rod of the abrasive belt pressing cylinder, the contact plate is connected with the pressing plate through the elastic element, and the contact plate is aligned to the abrasive belt from the inner side of the abrasive belt.
In the above technical scheme, the belt sanding mechanism further comprises a belt cover semi-surrounding the belt.
In the above technical solution, the displacement mechanism further comprises an X-axis displacement assembly and a Y-axis displacement assembly; the X-axis displacement assembly is linked with the Y-axis displacement assembly to displace along the X-axis direction, and the Y-axis displacement assembly is linked with the Z-axis displacement assembly to displace along the Y-axis direction.
In the technical scheme, the displacement mechanism comprises two Z-axis displacement assemblies, and the two Z-axis displacement assemblies are respectively used for linking the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms to move along the Z-axis direction.
In the above technical solution, the displacement mechanism further includes a Z-axis support, the Z-axis support is vertically disposed and divided into an upper half and a lower half, one of the Z-axis displacement assemblies is disposed on the upper half of the Z-axis support, and the other Z-axis displacement assembly is disposed on the lower half of the Z-axis support; each Z-axis displacement assembly comprises a Z-axis motor, a Z-axis lead screw and a Z-axis linkage frame; the Z-axis motor is connected with the Z-axis linkage frame through the Z-axis screw rod to lift, and a support assembly of the abrasive belt polishing mechanism is fixed on the Z-axis linkage frame.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: this kind of two-sided abrasive band equipment of polishing, two abrasive band grinding machanism are mutually opposed on Z axle displacement subassembly, and two abrasive band grinding machanism of Z axle displacement subassembly interlock fold or separate along Z axle direction, with two abrasive band grinding machanism by the abrasive band that the abrasive band subassembly oppressed with treat two upper and lower plane laminating of processing the work piece, can polish two upper and lower planes of work piece simultaneously, improve work efficiency, and then increase of production.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the belt sander of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the belt sander of the present invention in another direction.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the movable driven wheel assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the sand belt pressing assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the displacement mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the displacement mechanism of the present invention in another direction.
Fig. 8 is an exploded view of the displacement mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is an assembly diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the present invention applied to an automatic polishing apparatus.
Fig. 11 is a partially enlarged view of a in fig. 10.
Figure 12 is an exploded view of the clamp mechanism of the automated sanding apparatus.
The reference signs are: 1. a belt sanding mechanism; 11. a bracket assembly; 111. a main supporting plate; 112. a motor bracket; 12. a drive wheel assembly; 121. a belt motor; 122. a driving wheel; 123. a transmission belt; 124. a driving wheel of the abrasive belt; 125. a driving wheel shaft; 13. a fixed driven wheel assembly; 131. fixing the driven wheel; 132. fixing a driven wheel shaft; 14. a movable driven wheel assembly; 141. a movable driven wheel; 142. the driven wheel is pivoted with the frame; 143. a tensioning cylinder; 15. pressing the sand belt assembly; 151. a sanding belt pressing cylinder; 152. pressing the movable plate; 153. an elastic member; 154. a contact plate; 16. an abrasive belt; 17. a sand belt cover; 2. a displacement mechanism; 21. an X-axis displacement assembly; 211. an X-axis motor; 212. an X-axis lead screw; 213. an X-axis screw nut; 214. an X-axis guide rail; 215. an X-axis base plate; 22. a Y-axis displacement assembly; 221. a Y-axis motor; 222. a Y-axis lead screw; 223. a Y-axis screw nut; 224. a Y-axis guide rail; 225. a Y-axis base plate; 23. a Z-axis displacement assembly; 231. a Z-axis motor; 232. a Z-axis lead screw; 233. a Z-axis linkage frame; 24. a Z-axis guide rail; 25. a Z-axis support; 26. a partition plate; 27. an organ cover; 3. a turntable mechanism; 31. a turntable; 4. a clamp mechanism; 401. a clamp base; 402. a clamp motor; 403. the clamp is rotated; 404. a clamp cylinder; 405. a lower clamping block; 406. a U-shaped groove; 407. an upper clamping block; 5. a padlock is provided.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, a double-side belt sander comprises a displacement mechanism 2 and two belt sanding mechanisms 1.
Referring to fig. 2-4, belt sander 1 includes a frame assembly 11, a driving wheel assembly 12, a fixed driven wheel assembly 13, a movable driven wheel assembly 14, a belt pressing assembly 15, and a sanding belt 16.
The bracket assembly 11 is a metal assembly, and includes a main support plate 111 and a motor bracket 112, and the motor bracket 112 is fixed at the rear side of the main support plate 111; the abrasive belt 16 is a strip-shaped abrasive belt for polishing, and has certain flexibility; the driving wheel assembly 12, the fixed driven wheel assembly 13, the movable driven wheel assembly 14 and the abrasive belt pressing assembly 15 are all arranged on the support assembly 11, the driving wheel assembly 12, the fixed driven wheel assembly 13 and the movable driven wheel assembly 14 tension the abrasive belt 16, the abrasive belt pressing assembly 15 presses the abrasive belt 16 from the inner side of the tensioned abrasive belt 16, and the part of the abrasive belt pressed by the abrasive belt pressing assembly 15 is a grinding part.
Specifically, drive wheel assembly 12 includes a belt motor 121, a drive wheel 122, a drive belt 123, a belt drive wheel 124, and a drive wheel axle 125; the abrasive belt motor 121 is fixed on the motor support 112 of the support assembly 11, and a rotating shaft of the abrasive belt motor 121 is sleeved with a driving wheel 122; the driving wheel shaft 125 is pivotally connected to the bracket assembly 11, and specifically, a bearing is disposed on the main supporting plate 111 of the bracket assembly 11, and the driving wheel shaft 125 penetrates through the bearing; one end of the driving wheel shaft 125 is sleeved with a driving wheel 122, the belt driving wheel 124 is sleeved at the other end of the driving wheel shaft 125, and the driving belt 123 is driven between the two driving wheels 122, so that the belt motor 121 can drive the belt driving wheel 124 to rotate; in this embodiment, the transmission belt 123 is a transmission belt, and correspondingly, the transmission wheel 122 is a belt pulley; in other embodiments, the drive belt 123 is a timing belt and, correspondingly, the drive wheel 122 is a timing wheel.
Specifically, fixed driven wheel assembly 13 includes a fixed driven wheel 131 and a fixed driven wheel shaft 132; the fixed driven wheel 131 is pivotally connected to the bracket assembly 11 through a fixed driven wheel shaft 132, specifically, the fixed driven wheel shaft 132 is fixed to the main supporting plate 111 of the bracket assembly 11, the fixed driven wheel 131 is sleeved on the fixed driven wheel shaft 132, and a bearing is disposed between the fixed driven wheel 131 and the fixed driven wheel shaft 132.
Specifically, the movable driven wheel assembly 14 includes a movable driven wheel 141, a driven wheel pivot frame 142, and a tension cylinder 143; the cylinder body of the tensioning cylinder 143 is fixed on the main supporting plate 111 of the bracket assembly 11; the movable driven wheel 141 is pivoted on the driven wheel pivoting frame 142, and specifically, the driven wheel pivoting frame 142 is a metal frame body, a pivoting shaft for pivoting the movable driven wheel 141 is arranged on the metal frame body, the movable driven wheel 141 is sleeved on the pivoting shaft, and a bearing is arranged between the movable driven wheel 141 and the pivoting shaft of the driven wheel pivoting frame 142; the driven wheel pivot frame 142 is fixed to the front end of the piston rod of the tension cylinder 143, so that the tension cylinder 143 can be linked with the movable driven wheel 141 to move up and down through the driven wheel pivot frame 142.
After the assembly is completed, the belt driving wheel 124, the fixed driven wheel assembly 13 and the movable driven wheel assembly 14 are all located on the same surface of the main supporting plate 111, and the driving wheel assembly 12, the fixed driven wheel assembly 13 and the movable driven wheel assembly 14 tension the belt 16 into a triangle, that is, the belt driving wheel 124, the fixed driven wheel 131 and the movable driven wheel 141 are three vertexes, and the belt 16 is tensioned into a triangle.
When the piston rod of the tensioning cylinder 143 extends, the movable driven wheel 141 is jacked up, so that the tensioning force of the movable driven wheel 141 on the abrasive belt 16 is improved; when the piston rod of tensioning cylinder 143 is retracted, movable driven wheel 141 is retracted, thereby reducing the tension of movable driven wheel 141 on abrasive belt 16.
The sanding belt assembly 15 comprises a sanding belt cylinder 151, a pressing plate 152, an elastic member 153 and a contact plate 154; the cylinder body of the abrasive belt pressing cylinder 151 is fixed on the main supporting plate 111 of the bracket assembly 11; the pressing plate 152 is a metal plate fixed on the piston rod of the sanding belt cylinder 151, the contact plate 154 is a metal plate with a flat surface, the elastic member 153 is a plastic member with elasticity, such as rubber and silica gel, the contact plate 154 is connected with the pressing plate 152 through the elastic member 153, that is, one end of the elastic member 153 is connected with the contact plate 154, and the other end is connected with the pressing plate 152; after the screw passes through the pressing plate 152, the screw is screwed into the elastic member 153 to realize the connection between the elastic member 153 and the pressing plate 152; similarly, after the screw passes through the contact plate 154, the screw is screwed into the elastic member 153, so as to connect the elastic member 153 with the contact plate 154; the contact plate 154 is connected with the four corners of the pressing plate 152 by an elastic member 153; after assembly, the entire belt pressing assembly 15 is positioned inside the open triangle of belt 16, contact plate 154 is aligned with belt 16 from the inside of belt 16, and the position where contact plate 154 is aligned is located between belt drive pulley 124 and fixed driven pulley 131. After the piston rod of the sanding belt pressing cylinder 151 extends out, the contact plate 154 can contact and press the sanding belt 16, the part of the sanding belt 16 pressed by the contact plate 154 is the grinding part, and when the grinding part is in contact with a workpiece to be machined, the contact plate 154 can press the grinding part of the sanding belt 16 on the plane of the workpiece to be machined, so that the plane grinding process is realized; elastic member 153 can relieve the force applied by belt cylinder 151 against contact plate 154 to protect the workpiece to be machined and belt cylinder 151.
Furthermore, belt sanding mechanism 1 further includes belt cover 17 that semi-encloses belt 16, belt cover 17 is a metal cover, belt cover 17 is fixed on main support plate 111 of bracket assembly 11, and the cover of belt cover 17 encloses the rest of belt 16 except the sanding area.
Referring to fig. 5-8, the displacement mechanism 2 includes an X-axis displacement assembly 21, a Y-axis displacement assembly 22, a Z-axis displacement assembly 23, and a Z-axis support 25.
The X-axis displacement assembly 21 comprises an X-axis motor 211, an X-axis lead screw 212, an X-axis lead screw nut 213, an X-axis guide rail 214 and an X-axis bottom plate 215; the X-axis base plate 215 is a metal flat plate that can be fixed to a fixture such as a frame, a base, or a ground platform; the X-axis motor 211 is one of a servo motor or a stepping motor, and the body of the X-axis motor 211 is fixed on the side surface of the X-axis bottom plate 215; two ends of an X-axis screw rod 212 are respectively supported on an X-axis bottom plate 215 through a supporting seat, one end of the X-axis screw rod 212 is connected with a rotating shaft of an X-axis motor 211 through a coupler, and an X-axis screw rod nut 213 is sleeved on the X-axis screw rod 212; the two X-axis guide rails 214 are both linear guide rails, a sliding block is sleeved on each linear guide rail, and the two X-axis guide rails 214 are fixed on the X-axis base plate 215, located on two sides of the X-axis lead screw 212 and parallel to the X-axis lead screw 212.
The Y-axis displacement assembly 22 comprises a Y-axis motor 221, a Y-axis screw 222, a Y-axis screw nut 223, a Y-axis guide rail 224 and a Y-axis bottom plate 225; the Y-axis bottom plate 225 is a metal flat plate and is fixed on the slide block of the X-axis guide rail 214, and the bottom of the Y-axis bottom plate 225 is fixed with the X-axis screw nut 213; the Y-axis motor 221 is one of a servo motor or a stepping motor, the Y-axis motor 221 is provided with a speed reducer, namely, a rotating shaft of the Y-axis motor 221 is connected to an input shaft of the speed reducer, and the Y-axis motor 221 and the speed reducer are fixed on the side surface of the Y-axis bottom plate 225; two ends of the Y-axis screw 222 are supported on the Y-axis bottom plate 225 through supporting seats respectively, the Y-axis screw 222 and the X-axis screw 212 are horizontally arranged and are vertical to each other, one end of the Y-axis screw 222 is connected with a speed reducer output shaft of a Y-axis motor 221 through a coupler, and a Y-axis screw nut 223 is sleeved on the Y-axis screw 222; the two Y-axis guide rails 224 are linear guide rails, each of which is provided with a sliding block, and the two Y-axis guide rails 224 are fixed on a Y-axis bottom plate 225, are located on two sides of the Y-axis screw 222 and are parallel to the Y-axis screw 222.
The Z-axis bracket 25 is a square metal frame, a partition plate 26 is fixedly arranged at the middle part of the Z-axis bracket 25, and the Z-axis bracket 25 is divided into an upper half part and a lower half part by the partition plate 26; the Z-axis bracket 25 is vertically disposed and fixed on the slider of the Y-axis guide rail 224, and the bottom of the Z-axis bracket 25 is fixed with the Y-axis screw nut 223.
The displacement mechanism 2 comprises two Z-axis displacement assemblies 23, wherein each Z-axis displacement assembly 23 comprises a Z-axis motor 231, a Z-axis lead screw 232 and a Z-axis linkage frame 233; the Z-axis motor 231 is one of a servo motor or a stepping motor, and the Z-axis motor 231 is provided with a speed reducer, that is, a rotating shaft of the Z-axis motor 231 is connected to an input shaft of the speed reducer; the Z-axis motor 231 of one Z-axis displacement assembly 23 is fixed on the top of the Z-axis bracket 25, and the Z-axis motor 231 of the other Z-axis displacement assembly 23 is fixed on the partition plate 26; a Z-axis lead screw 232 of one of the Z-axis displacement assemblies 23 is supported on the upper half part of the Z-axis support 25 through a bearing penetrating the top of the Z-axis support 25, the Z-axis lead screw 232 is vertically arranged, and one end of the Z-axis lead screw 232 is connected to the output end of a speed reducer of a Z-axis motor 231 at the top of the Z-axis support 25; a Z-axis lead screw 232 of the other Z-axis displacement assembly 23 is supported at the lower half part of the Z-axis bracket 25 through a bearing penetrating the partition plate 26, the Z-axis lead screw 232 is also vertically arranged, and one end of the Z-axis lead screw 232 is connected to the output end of the speed reducer of the Z-axis motor 231 on the partition plate 26; two Z-axis lead screws 232 are connected into a straight line; the Z-axis linkage frames 233 are metal frame bodies, each Z-axis linkage frame 233 is internally provided with a screw rod nut capable of being matched with the Z-axis screw rods 232, the screw rod nuts of the Z-axis linkage frames 233 of the two Z-axis displacement assemblies 23 are respectively sleeved on the two Z-axis screw rods 232, so that the Z-axis motor 231 can be linked with the Z-axis linkage frames 233 through the Z-axis screw rods 232 to lift; thus, two Z-axis displacement units 23 are formed, one Z-axis displacement unit 23 is provided on the upper half of the Z-axis support 25, the other Z-axis displacement unit 23 is provided on the lower half of the Z-axis support 25, and the moving members of the two Z-axis displacement units 23 are two Z-axis links 233.
The displacement mechanism 2 further comprises two Z-axis guide rails 24, the two Z-axis guide rails 24 are linear guide rails, each Z-axis guide rail 24 is provided with a slider, the two Z-axis guide rails 24 are vertically fixed on the Z-axis support 25 and are positioned on two sides of the Z-axis lead screw 232 and parallel to the Z-axis lead screw 232, the two Z-axis guide rails 24 penetrate through the upper half part and the lower half part of the Z-axis support 25, namely, the two Z-axis displacement assemblies 23 formed by the Z-axis motor 231, the Z-axis lead screw 232 and the Z-axis linkage frame 233 share the two Z-axis guide rails 24.
The X-axis displacement assembly 21 is connected with the Y-axis displacement assembly 22 to displace along the X-axis direction, and the Y-axis displacement assembly 22 is connected with the Z-axis displacement assembly 23 to displace along the Y-axis direction.
Referring to fig. 9, the bracket assembly 11 of the belt sanding mechanisms 1 is fixed on the Z-axis link 233, specifically, the main support plate 111 of each belt sanding mechanism 1 is fixed on one Z-axis link 233 by bolts, and the main support plate 111 is further fixed with the slide block of the Z-axis guide rail 24, so that the two Z-axis displacement assemblies 23 respectively link the two belt sanding mechanisms 1 to move along the Z-axis direction; the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms 1 are opposite to each other on the Z-axis displacement component 23, so that grinding parts in the abrasive belts 16 of the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms 1 are opposite to each other, the Z-axis displacement component 23 is used for linking the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms 1 to be closed or separated along the Z-axis direction, and the grinding parts in the abrasive belts 16 of the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms 1 can be close to or far away from a workpiece to be ground from the upper surface and the lower surface respectively.
Referring to fig. 10-12, in some embodiments, the double-sided belt sander is used in an automatic sander for performing an automatic sanding and polishing process for a padlock body; the automatic grinding equipment comprises a turntable mechanism 3 and a clamp mechanism 4.
The turntable mechanism 3 is a turntable mechanism in the prior art, and a servo motor and a divider are arranged inside the turntable mechanism 3; in the divider in the embodiment, the input end is a shaft hole or an input shaft, and the output end is a flat disc surface; a rotating shaft of the servo motor is connected to the input end of the divider, a rotary disc 31 of the rotary disc mechanism 3 is horizontally fixed on the surface of the output end of the divider, and the rotary disc 31 is coaxial with the output end of the divider; the divider in this embodiment is set to six equal divisions, that is, the output end of the divider rotates 60 degrees and links the rotating disc 31 to rotate 60 degrees every time the servo motor of the rotating disc mechanism 3 rotates one circle; the turntable mechanism 3 is fixed in the center of the frame of the automatic polishing equipment.
Each clamp mechanism 4 comprises a clamp base 401, a clamp motor 402, a clamp rotating base 403, a clamp air cylinder 404, a lower clamping block 405 and an upper clamping block 407; the clamp base 401 is a metal base, and is provided with a horizontal surface and a vertical surface, and the vertical surface is provided with a circular hole; the clamp motor 402 is a servo motor or a stepping motor with a speed reducer, an output shaft of the speed reducer is a rotating shaft of the clamp motor 402, a main body of the clamp motor 402 is fixed on a vertical surface of the clamp base 401, and the rotating shaft of the clamp motor 402 penetrates out of a circular hole of the vertical surface; the clamp rotating seat 403 is a metal seat, the main body of the clamp rotating seat 403 is a flat plate, the back of the flat plate is provided with a shaft sleeve of which the outer diameter is slightly smaller than the round hole of the clamp base 401, the shaft sleeve is sleeved on the rotating shaft of the clamp motor 402 and is connected with the rotating shaft key of the clamp motor 402, and the rotating shaft of the clamp motor 402 supports the weight of the clamp rotating seat 403 and drives the clamp rotating seat 403 to rotate; the lower clamping block 405 is a metal block, a U-shaped groove 406 matched with a lock hook of the padlock 5 is formed in the upper surface of the lower clamping block 405, and the lower clamping block 405 is fixed to the lower portion of the front face of the flat plate of the clamp rotating seat 403; the cylinder body of the clamp cylinder 404 is fixed on the upper part of the front surface of the flat plate of the clamp swivel base 403, and the piston rod of the clamp cylinder 404 points to the direction of the lower clamping block 405; the upper clamping block 407 is a metal block, the upper clamping block 407 is fixed to the front end of a piston rod of the clamp cylinder 404, and the clamp cylinder 404 is linked with the upper clamping block 407 to move so that the upper clamping block 407 is close to or far away from the lower clamping block 405.
The clamp base 401 of the clamp mechanism 4 is fixed on the turntable 31 of the turntable mechanism 3, six clamp mechanisms 4 are provided, the six clamp mechanisms 4 are uniformly circumferentially provided on the turntable 31 of the turntable mechanism 3, and the lower clamping block 405 and the upper clamping block 407 of each clamp mechanism 4 face the outside of the turntable mechanism 3.
The double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment is fixedly arranged beside the turntable mechanism 3, and an organ cover 27 is respectively fixed on an X-axis bottom plate 215 and a Z-axis bracket 25 so as to protect an X-axis displacement assembly 21 and a Z-axis displacement assembly 23.
Lower clamp block 405 and upper clamp block 407 of clamp mechanism 4 face the area between two belt sanding mechanisms 1, and after clamp mechanism 4 clamps padlock 5, the padlock body extends to the area between two belt sanding mechanisms 1 and is located between two belts 16 of two belt sanding mechanisms 1 opposite to each other.
When the clamp is used, an external mechanism, an external robot or a worker places the shackle of the padlock 5 in the U-shaped groove 406 of the lower clamping block 405, and the piston rod of the clamp cylinder 404 extends out, so that the lower clamping block 405 and the upper clamping block 407 clamp the shackle of the padlock 5; the turntable mechanism 3 operates, the clamp mechanism 4 is introduced to the double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment, the padlock 5 to be processed reaches the area between the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms 1, the rotating shaft of the clamp motor 402 rotates by 90 degrees, and the clamp rotating seat 403, the clamp cylinder 404, the lower clamping block 405 and the upper clamping block 407 rotate by 90 degrees so as to rotate the two side planes of the padlock lock body to the horizontal direction; belt motors 121 of two belt sanding mechanisms 1 are started in advance to rotate belt drive wheel 124 so as to drive belt 16 to run, a piston rod of belt pressing cylinder 151 extends to push contact plate 154 out and press belt 16, Z-axis motor 231 runs to drive two belt sanding mechanisms 1 to fold up and down, belt 16 of two belt sanding mechanisms 1 is in contact with two side planes of the padlock lock body, and contact plate 154 of belt pressing component 15 can tightly press belt 16 on the side planes of the padlock lock body so as to sand the two side planes of the padlock lock body. After the sanding process is completed, the Z-axis motor 231 operates again to drive the two belt sanding mechanisms 1 to separate up and down, the turntable mechanism 3 operates to drive the clamp mechanism 4 and the processed padlock 5 to separate and lead the clamp mechanism 4 into the next clamp mechanism 4, so that the padlock 5 on the next clamp mechanism 4 reaches the area between the two belt sanding mechanisms 1, and the automated sanding process can be continuously performed by repeating the steps.
This kind of two-sided abrasive band equipment of polishing, two abrasive band grinding machanism 1 are mutually opposed on Z axle displacement assembly 23, and Z axle displacement assembly 23 two abrasive band grinding machanism 1 of interlock are folded or are separated along Z axle direction, with two abrasive band grinding machanism 1 by the abrasive band 16 of the oppression of pressure abrasive band subassembly 15 with treat two upper and lower plane laminating of processing the work piece, can polish two upper and lower planes of work piece simultaneously, improve work efficiency, and then increase of production.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A double-sided abrasive belt grinding device is characterized by comprising a displacement mechanism and two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms;
the abrasive belt polishing mechanism comprises a support assembly, a driving wheel assembly, a fixed driven wheel assembly, a movable driven wheel assembly, an abrasive belt pressing assembly and an abrasive belt;
the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly, the movable driven wheel assembly and the sand pressing belt assembly are all arranged on the support assembly, the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly and the movable driven wheel assembly tension the abrasive belt, the sand pressing belt assembly presses the abrasive belt from the inner side of the tensioned abrasive belt, and the part of the abrasive belt pressed by the sand pressing belt assembly is a grinding part;
the displacement mechanism comprises a Z-axis displacement assembly, the support assembly is fixed on a moving part of the Z-axis displacement assembly, the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms are opposite to each other on the Z-axis displacement assembly, and the Z-axis displacement assembly is used for linking the two abrasive belt polishing mechanisms to close or separate along the Z-axis direction.
2. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the driving wheel assembly, the fixed driven wheel assembly and the movable driven wheel assembly tension the abrasive belt into a triangle.
3. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the driving wheel component comprises a sand belt motor, a driving wheel, a driving belt, a sand belt driving wheel and a driving wheel shaft; the abrasive belt motor is fixed on the bracket component, and a rotating shaft of the abrasive belt motor is sleeved with a driving wheel; the driving wheel shaft is pivoted on the support assembly, one end of the driving wheel shaft is sleeved with a driving wheel, the abrasive belt driving wheel is sleeved at the other end of the driving wheel shaft, and the driving belt drives between the two driving wheels.
4. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the fixed driven wheel assembly comprises a fixed driven wheel and a fixed driven wheel shaft; the fixed driven wheel is pivoted on the bracket component through the fixed driven wheel shaft.
5. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the movable driven wheel assembly comprises a movable driven wheel, a driven wheel pivoting frame and a tensioning cylinder; the tensioning cylinder is fixed on the support assembly, the movable driven wheel is pivoted on the driven wheel pivoting frame, and the tensioning cylinder is linked with the movable driven wheel to lift through the driven wheel pivoting frame.
6. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1 or 2, wherein: the sand pressing belt component comprises a sand pressing belt cylinder, a pressing plate, an elastic component and a contact plate; the abrasive belt pressing cylinder is fixed on the support assembly, the pressing plate is fixed on a piston rod of the abrasive belt pressing cylinder, the contact plate is connected with the pressing plate through the elastic element, and the contact plate is aligned to the abrasive belt from the inner side of the abrasive belt.
7. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the abrasive belt grinding mechanism further comprises an abrasive belt cover which semi-surrounds the abrasive belt.
8. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein: the displacement mechanism further comprises an X-axis displacement assembly and a Y-axis displacement assembly; the X-axis displacement assembly is linked with the Y-axis displacement assembly to displace along the X-axis direction, and the Y-axis displacement assembly is linked with the Z-axis displacement assembly to displace along the Y-axis direction.
9. Double-sided belt sanding device according to claim 1 or 8, wherein: the displacement mechanism comprises two Z-axis displacement assemblies, and the two Z-axis displacement assemblies are respectively linked with the two abrasive belt grinding mechanisms to move along the Z-axis direction.
10. A double-sided belt sander apparatus as set forth in claim 9, wherein: the displacement mechanism further comprises a Z-axis support which is vertically arranged and divided into an upper half part and a lower half part, wherein one Z-axis displacement assembly is arranged on the upper half part of the Z-axis support, and the other Z-axis displacement assembly is arranged on the lower half part of the Z-axis support;
each Z-axis displacement assembly comprises a Z-axis motor, a Z-axis lead screw and a Z-axis linkage frame; the Z-axis motor is connected with the Z-axis linkage frame through the Z-axis screw rod to lift, and a support assembly of the abrasive belt polishing mechanism is fixed on the Z-axis linkage frame.
CN202021903876.4U 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment Active CN213970483U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021903876.4U CN213970483U (en) 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 Double-sided abrasive belt grinding equipment

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114055298A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-02-18 深圳西可实业有限公司 Grinding mechanism for full-production-line type operation without shutdown in processing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114055298A (en) * 2021-11-19 2022-02-18 深圳西可实业有限公司 Grinding mechanism for full-production-line type operation without shutdown in processing

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