CN213869864U - Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism - Google Patents

Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213869864U
CN213869864U CN202022642921.1U CN202022642921U CN213869864U CN 213869864 U CN213869864 U CN 213869864U CN 202022642921 U CN202022642921 U CN 202022642921U CN 213869864 U CN213869864 U CN 213869864U
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China
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arm
excavation
detection device
excavating
mounting seat
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CN202022642921.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志华
李凯
王雁冰
唐福新
马鑫民
刘林
刘艳
邓娅杰
陈新华
叶子辉
李杨
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Jiangxi Lanxiang Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Jiangxi Lanxiang Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism, including excavation work mechanism and detection device, excavation work mechanism is at least including articulated big arm and forearm in proper order, and it has the bucket to articulate on the forearm, and big arm, forearm and bucket are all through oil cylinder drive, are provided with detection device on big arm or the forearm, and excavation work mechanism installs on the tunnelling equipment that has excavation work mechanism, and excavation work mechanism is used for excavating loose rock or colliery, and detection device just is used for surveying near boring tunnel's engineering hole for surveying the rig. The excavation cantilever crane of the utility model can be widely applied to tunnel excavation equipment with excavation working mechanisms, such as an excavation loader, a drilling and anchoring integrated machine, a drilling and anchoring unit and the like, thereby canceling the use of a tunnel drilling machine or an advanced detection drilling machine and avoiding the difficult problem that drill rod clamping is caused or drilling is not carried out when hard rock is encountered due to deep hole drilling; the tunnel excavation is realized along with excavation and exploration in the process of tunnel excavation, and the tunnel excavation efficiency and the safety are improved.

Description

Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a technical field of cantilever crane structure especially relates to a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism.
Background
At present, in the tunneling construction of tunnels of coal mines, non-coal mines and the like, the safety requirement of' tunneling must be strictly executed, so that the early-stage safety detection and inspection work of water detection, gas detection and the like must be carried out before tunneling, most of the detection equipment adopted at present is a crawler-type tunnel drilling machine or an advanced detection drilling machine and the like, the equipment is specially used for detecting gas, water and the like near the tunnels, and the detection distance is limited. Once the detection is finished, the equipment is required to be immediately withdrawn from the working surface, so that the roadway excavation equipment such as the drilling jumbo, the excavating loader and the like can enter the working surface for operation; after the tunnel is tunneled, the tunnel drilling machine or the advanced drilling machine enters the working face again to detect the next tunneling distance, and the process is repeated in such a way, so that the phenomenon that multiple pieces of tunnel tunneling equipment with different functions need to make a vehicle wrong in a narrow tunnel exists, and potential safety hazards exist.
In practice, when drilling and hole measuring are carried out on a mine, in order to reduce the frequency of entering and exiting the working face of equipment, a detection hole is drilled to the depth as far as possible during operation, so that the phenomena of drilling failure or drill clamping due to too deep drilling easily occur, and in severe cases, a drill rod or a drill bit cannot retreat to cause waste. The detection drilling machine has large volume, occupies the space size of the roadway, is inconvenient to enter and exit from the working face, and influences the tunneling efficiency of the roadway; in addition, the equipment has single function, low utilization rate, long idle time and easy corrosion and damage.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism to solve the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists, make and dig and visit cantilever crane modularization, be convenient for reform transform existing equipment, satisfy the excavation and the detection needs of tunnelling in-process simultaneously.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following scheme:
the utility model provides a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism, including excavation work mechanism and detection device, excavation work mechanism is at least including articulated big arm and forearm in proper order, it has the bucket to articulate on the forearm, big arm the forearm with the bucket is all through oil cylinder drive, big arm or be provided with on the forearm detection device, excavation work mechanism installs on the tunnelling equipment that has excavation work mechanism, excavation work mechanism is used for excavating loose rock or colliery, detection device just is used for surveying near the engineering hole of boring the tunnel for surveying the rig.
Preferably, the tunneling equipment is provided with an excavating work mechanism and comprises an excavating loader, a drilling and loading integrated machine or a drilling and loading anchor unit, and the large arm is arranged on the tunneling equipment through a large arm hinged seat.
Preferably, the excavation work mechanism further comprises a middle arm, the large arm and the small arm are respectively hinged to two ends of the middle arm, the excavator bucket is hinged to the small arm through an excavator bucket oil cylinder, the small arm is hinged to the middle arm through a small arm oil cylinder, the middle arm is hinged to the large arm through a middle arm oil cylinder, and the large arm is hinged to the large arm hinge seat through a large arm oil cylinder.
Preferably, the detection device is detachably arranged on two sides or above the large arm, the middle arm or the small arm through a drill mounting seat.
Preferably, the drilling machine mounting seat is a circular shaft mounting seat, the circular shaft mounting seat is arranged on the large arm or the middle arm or the small arm, and at least one stud for locking the detection device is arranged on the circular shaft mounting seat.
Preferably, the drilling machine mounting seat is a square shaft mounting seat, the square shaft mounting seat is arranged on the large arm or the middle arm or the small arm, a square shaft is arranged in the middle of the square shaft mounting seat, and the square shaft is matched with a square hole in the detection device connecting seat and is locked with the connecting seat through a nut.
Preferably, the drill mounting is welded to the large arm or the intermediate arm or the small arm.
Preferably, the detection device comprises a sliding frame, a guide mechanism and a power head, the guide mechanism is arranged at the front end of the sliding frame, the power head is arranged on the sliding frame in a sliding mode, a drill rod and a drill bit are sequentially connected to the power head, the drill rod penetrates through the guide mechanism, and the sliding frame is connected to the excavating work mechanism.
The utility model discloses for prior art gain following technological effect:
the utility model discloses a digging and exploring arm support can be widely applied to the tunnelling equipment that has the excavation work mechanism such as loaderdigger, brill dress all-in-one, brill dress anchor unit, design into modular structure digging and exploring arm support, articulate with the portal frame on the tunnelling equipment through big arm hinge seat, simple structure, easy dismounting, be convenient for reform transform existing equipment, thereby cancelled the use of gallery rig or advanced detection rig, reduced equipment type and operation personnel, simplified equipment management, avoided gallery rig or advanced detection rig because of drilling the deep hole appear card borer card bore or meet the hard rock and bore the difficult problem of not advancing; the drilling angle can be flexibly adjusted along with excavation and exploration in the process of tunneling, and the tunneling efficiency is improved on the premise of ensuring the tunneling safety.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of two arms in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 2 is a second schematic structural diagram of two arms in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 3 is a first schematic structural diagram of three arms in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 4 is a second schematic structural view of a third arm in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 5 is a third schematic structural view of three arms in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 6 is a first schematic structural diagram of a detection drilling machine in the excavating and detecting arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 7 is a second schematic structural view of a detection drilling machine in the excavating and detecting arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 8 is a first schematic structural view of a circular shaft mounting seat in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 9 is a first schematic structural view of a square shaft mounting seat in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the utility model;
fig. 10 is a second schematic structural view of a circular shaft mounting seat in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a second schematic structural view of the square shaft mounting seat in the excavating and exploring arm support mechanism of the present invention;
wherein: 1-big arm, 2-big arm hinged base, 3-middle arm, 4-small arm, 5-bucket, 6-exploration drilling machine, 7-sliding frame, 8-guiding mechanism, 9-power head, 10-round shaft mounting base, 11-stud, 12-square shaft mounting base, 13-square shaft, 14-bucket oil cylinder, 15-small arm oil cylinder, 16-big arm oil cylinder and 17-middle arm oil cylinder.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model aims at providing a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism to solve the problem that prior art exists, make and dig and visit cantilever crane modularization, be convenient for reform transform existing equipment, satisfy the excavation and the detection needs of tunnelling in-process simultaneously.
In order to make the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more comprehensible, the present invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description.
As shown in fig. 1 to 11: the embodiment provides a digging and exploring arm support mechanism, including excavation work mechanism and detection device, excavation work mechanism is at least including articulated big arm 1 and forearm 4 in proper order, it has bucket 5 to articulate on the forearm 4, big arm 1, forearm 4 and bucket 5 are all through oil cylinder drive, be provided with detection device on big arm 1 or the forearm 4, excavation work mechanism installs on the tunnelling equipment that has excavation work mechanism, excavation work mechanism is used for excavating loose rock or colliery, detection device is for surveying rig 6 and being used for surveying the near engineering hole of drilling tunnel. The roadway excavation equipment is equipment with an excavation working mechanism and comprises an excavating loader, a drilling and loading integrated machine or a drilling and loading anchor unit which are conventional in the field, and the large arm 1 is arranged on the roadway excavation equipment through the large arm hinged seat 2.
The excavating work mechanism further comprises a middle arm 3, the large arm 1 and the small arm 4 are respectively hinged to two ends of the middle arm 3, an excavating bucket 5 is hinged to the small arm 4 through an excavating bucket oil cylinder 14, the small arm 4 is hinged to the middle arm 3 through a small arm oil cylinder 15, the middle arm 3 is hinged to the large arm 1 through a middle arm oil cylinder 17, and the large arm 1 is hinged to the large arm hinge base 2 through a large arm oil cylinder 16. Wherein the excavating work mechanism is a two-arm, three-arm or multi-arm hydraulic swing work arm which is conventional in the field.
The detection device is detachably arranged or welded on two sides or the upper part of the large arm 1 or the middle arm 3 or the small arm 4 through a drill mounting seat. When the drill mounting seat is a circular shaft mounting seat 10, the circular shaft mounting seat 10 (welded or screwed) is arranged on the large arm 1 or the middle arm 3 or the small arm 4, at least one (two in this embodiment) stud 11 for locking the detection device is arranged on the circular shaft mounting seat 10, and the detection device is provided with (two) matched connecting seats with holes (as shown in fig. 6). When the drill mounting seat is a square shaft mounting seat 12, the square shaft mounting seat 12 (welded or in threaded connection) is arranged on the large arm 1 or the middle arm 3 or the small arm 4, a square shaft 13 is arranged in the middle of the square shaft mounting seat 12, and the square shaft 13 is matched with a square hole (shown in fig. 7) in the detection device connecting seat and locks the connecting seat through a nut. When the detection device is installed above the working arm, the connecting seat can be correspondingly arranged into an h shape as shown in fig. 10 or fig. 11 to adjust the installation direction of the detection device, and the drilling and hole measuring of the roadway can be realized by matching with the movement of the excavating working mechanism 1.
The detection device comprises a sliding frame 7, a guide mechanism 8 and a power head 9, wherein the guide mechanism 8 is arranged at the front end of the sliding frame 7, the power head 9 is arranged on the sliding frame 7 in a sliding mode, a drill rod and a drill bit are sequentially connected onto the power head 9, the drill rod penetrates through the guide mechanism 8, and the sliding frame 7 is connected onto the excavating work mechanism. The excavation cantilever crane is designed into a modular structure, the existing equipment is conveniently transformed, the manufacturing cost is saved, the large-arm hinging seat 2 can be hinged to a portal frame on the equipment, the structure is simple, and the assembly and disassembly are convenient.
In the embodiment, the excavating function and the function of the detection drilling machine are integrated on the excavating work mechanism, the functions are integrated, the organic combination of excavating, loading and detection drilling is realized, and a novel excavating and detecting arm support structure is formed, so that special water and gas detection equipment such as a tunnel drilling machine or an advanced detection drilling machine is not needed in the roadway excavating equipment, the types of equipment and operating personnel are reduced, the equipment management is simplified, the equipment utilization rate and the roadway excavating efficiency are improved, the function switching is convenient and fast, the operation is simple, and the safety of roadway construction is improved; in the process of excavation and loading operation, the operation of drilling water and air probing holes can be carried out at any time, so that the operation of 'probing while digging' is realized, the depth of a drill hole is not required to be as deep as that of an underground drill rig or an advanced detection drill rig in one-time detection, and the problem that the drill is stuck and stuck due to deep hole drilling or the drill cannot be drilled due to hard rock drilling of the underground drill rig or the advanced detection drill rig is solved.
The principle and the implementation mode of the present invention are explained by applying specific examples in the present specification, and the above descriptions of the examples are only used to help understanding the method and the core idea of the present invention; meanwhile, for the general technical personnel in the field, according to the idea of the present invention, there are changes in the concrete implementation and the application scope. In summary, the content of the present specification should not be construed as a limitation of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism which characterized in that: the device comprises an excavating work mechanism and a detection device, wherein the excavating work mechanism at least comprises a big arm and a small arm which are sequentially hinged, an excavating bucket is hinged on the small arm, the big arm, the small arm and the excavating bucket are driven by an oil cylinder, the big arm or the small arm is provided with the detection device, the detection device is installed on roadway tunneling equipment with the excavating work mechanism, the excavating work mechanism is used for excavating loose rocks or coal mines, and the detection device is a detection drilling machine and is used for detecting engineering holes near a drilled roadway.
2. The boom mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the roadway excavation equipment is equipment with an excavation working mechanism and comprises an excavating loader, a drilling and loading integrated machine or a drilling and loading anchor unit, and the large arm is arranged on the roadway excavation equipment through a large arm hinged seat.
3. The boom mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the excavating work mechanism further comprises a middle arm, the large arm and the small arm are respectively hinged to two ends of the middle arm, the excavating bucket is hinged to the small arm through an excavating bucket oil cylinder, the small arm is hinged to the middle arm through a small arm oil cylinder, the middle arm is hinged to the large arm through a middle arm oil cylinder, and the large arm is hinged to a large arm hinge seat through a large arm oil cylinder.
4. The boom digging mechanism of claim 3, wherein: the detection device is detachably arranged on two sides or above the large arm, the middle arm or the small arm through a drill mounting seat.
5. The boom digging mechanism of claim 4, wherein: the drilling machine mounting seat is a round shaft mounting seat, the round shaft mounting seat is arranged on the large arm or the middle arm or the small arm, and at least one stud used for locking the detection device is arranged on the round shaft mounting seat.
6. The boom digging mechanism of claim 4, wherein: the drilling machine mounting seat is a square shaft mounting seat, the square shaft mounting seat is arranged on the large arm or the middle arm or the small arm, a square shaft is arranged in the middle of the square shaft mounting seat, and the square shaft is matched with a square hole in the detection device connecting seat and is locked with the connecting seat through a nut.
7. The boom digging mechanism of claim 4, wherein: the drill mounting seat is welded on the large arm or the middle arm or the small arm.
8. The boom mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the detection device comprises a sliding frame, a guide mechanism and a power head, wherein the guide mechanism is arranged at the front end of the sliding frame, the power head is arranged on the sliding frame in a sliding mode, a drill rod and a drill bit are sequentially connected onto the power head, the drill rod penetrates through the guide mechanism, and the sliding frame is connected onto the excavating work mechanism.
CN202022642921.1U 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism Active CN213869864U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022642921.1U CN213869864U (en) 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022642921.1U CN213869864U (en) 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213869864U true CN213869864U (en) 2021-08-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022642921.1U Active CN213869864U (en) 2020-11-16 2020-11-16 Dig and visit cantilever crane mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213869864U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113309517A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-08-27 凯盛重工有限公司 Multifunctional lifting arm for tunneling and anchoring integrated machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113309517A (en) * 2021-05-10 2021-08-27 凯盛重工有限公司 Multifunctional lifting arm for tunneling and anchoring integrated machine
CN113309517B (en) * 2021-05-10 2022-08-23 凯盛重工有限公司 Multifunctional lifting arm for tunneling and anchoring integrated machine

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