CN213829866U - Sorting unit of plastics and rubber - Google Patents

Sorting unit of plastics and rubber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213829866U
CN213829866U CN202022236883.XU CN202022236883U CN213829866U CN 213829866 U CN213829866 U CN 213829866U CN 202022236883 U CN202022236883 U CN 202022236883U CN 213829866 U CN213829866 U CN 213829866U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing box
case
screw rod
crushing
connecting rod
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Application number
CN202022236883.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高统瑞
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Hefei Lvzhiling Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Hefei Lvzhiling Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022236883.XU priority Critical patent/CN213829866U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model discloses a sorting unit for plastics and rubber, which relates to the technical field of recovery equipment and comprises a case, wherein a stirring mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a sorting mechanism are arranged in the case, the stirring mechanism comprises a charging basket, a connecting rod is rotationally connected in the charging basket, a plurality of stirring rods are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the connecting rod, and the bottom end of the connecting rod is connected with a rotating mechanism; the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the crushing box, a screw rod is rotationally connected in the crushing box, two sections of threads in opposite directions are arranged on the surface of the screw rod arranged in the crushing box, clamping plates are connected to the two sections of threads in opposite directions in a threaded manner, and the rotating mechanism controls the screw rod to rotate; the sorting mechanism comprises a vibrating screen, the vibrating screen is hinged to the position, right opposite to the through hole, of the bottom of the crushing box, and a material taking port is formed in the side wall of the case. The utility model provides a problem that intensity of labour that arouses when adopting the medical plastics infusion bottle of manual separation is big and machining efficiency is low among the prior art, easy operation is convenient, and the practicality is strong.

Description

Sorting unit of plastics and rubber
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a recovery plant technical field specifically is a sorting unit of plastics and rubber.
Background
After use, plastic products such as medical plastic infusion bottles need to be collected, recovered, transported, and disposed of as required. The related departments set strict regulations on the recovery and treatment of medical supplies and supervise and manage the medical supplies.
A medical plastic infusion bottle comprises a plastic bottle body, a rubber plug and a label attached to the plastic bottle body. In the recycling process, the plastic and the rubber are separated, and the label attached to the plastic bottle body is torn off. However, in the prior art, the processes of splitting the bottle cap, separating the rubber plug and removing the label are mainly completed manually, so that the labor intensity of workers is high, the labor is consumed, the processing cost is high, the processing efficiency is low, and the product quality can hardly reach the unified standard.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a sorting unit of plastics and rubber to the problem that intensity of labour that arouses when adopting the medical plastics infusion bottle of manual separation among the solution prior art is big and machining efficiency is low.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a sorting device for plastics and rubber comprises a case, wherein a stirring mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a sorting mechanism are arranged in the case, the stirring mechanism comprises a charging basket, a connecting rod is rotationally connected in the charging basket, a plurality of stirring rods are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the connecting rod, and the bottom end of the connecting rod is connected with a rotating mechanism; the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box, the crushing box is communicated with the charging barrel, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the crushing box, a screw rod is rotatably connected in the crushing box and penetrates through the crushing box, two sections of threads in opposite directions are arranged on the surface of the screw rod arranged in the crushing box, clamping plates are respectively in threaded connection with the two sections of threads in opposite directions, and the rotating mechanism controls the screw rod to rotate; the sorting mechanism comprises a vibrating screen, the vibrating screen is hinged to the position, right opposite to the through hole, of the bottom of the crushing box, and a material taking port is formed in the side wall of the case.
The technical principle of the scheme is as follows: when separating medical plastics infusion bottle, in plastic bottle body and rubber buffer all placed the storage bucket, adjust and start slewing mechanism control connecting rod and screw rod and rotate, the connecting rod rotates and drives the puddler and carry out preliminary broken mixing to the material in the storage bucket. The material falls into the crushing box, and the screw rod rotates, because there are two sections opposite direction's screw thread on the screw rod for two blocks of splint moves in opposite directions about, extrudes the crushing with the plastic products in the material, and rubber is then because its better flexibility, and is not extruded the crushing.
After the extrusion crushing is finished, the through hole at the bottom of the crushing box is opened, the materials fall into the vibrating screen, the materials made of plastic are extruded and crushed and are selected from the vibrating screen, and the rubber materials are still left in the vibrating screen.
Preferably, the rotating mechanism comprises a first motor fixedly installed in the case, an output shaft of the first motor penetrates through the charging bucket, a first bevel gear is coaxially connected to a portion, arranged in the charging bucket, of the output shaft, a second bevel gear is coaxially connected to the bottom end of the connecting rod, and the second bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear.
Preferably, a belt is in transmission connection between the screw and the output shaft of the first motor, and the belt is arranged outside the charging basket and the crushing box.
Preferably, the left side and the right side of the bottom of the oscillating screen are fixedly connected with round wheels, the machine case is rotationally connected with eccentric wheels, the eccentric wheels are symmetrically arranged along the central axis of the round wheels, the wheel surfaces of the eccentric wheels and the wheel surfaces of the two round wheels are connected with elastic ropes, the eccentric wheels are coaxially connected with a second motor, and the second motor is fixedly connected in the machine case.
Preferably, a plastic collecting box is fixedly arranged at the bottom in the case and is arranged right below the oscillating screen.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. through setting up rabbling mechanism, broken mechanism and sorting mechanism triplex, utilize first motor to drive connecting rod and screw rod simultaneously and rotate, realized simultaneously to the stirring work of material in the storage bucket and splint to the broken work of centre gripping of broken incasement material, be favorable to subsequent separation, and labour saving and time saving has practiced thrift the input of resource.
2. The bottom of the vibrating screen is provided with the eccentric wheel, the eccentric wheel is used as a power source to drive the vibrating screen to vibrate materials in the vibrating screen, separation of extruded and crushed plastic materials is facilitated, rubber products continue to be left on the vibrating screen, plastic and rubber are separated ingeniously, separation accuracy is high, and working efficiency is high.
Description of the drawings:
in order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a plastic and rubber separation device according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the oscillating screen of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a case 1, a charging bucket 2, a stirring rod 3, a connecting rod 4, a first motor 5, a first bevel gear 6, a second bevel gear 7, a crushing box 8, a clamping plate 9, a screw 10, a belt 11, an oscillating screen 12, a round wheel 13, an eccentric wheel 14, a plastic collecting box 15 and a material taking port 16.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-2, the present invention provides an embodiment: a sorting device for plastics and rubber comprises a case 1, wherein a stirring mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a sorting mechanism are arranged in the case 1.
The stirring mechanism comprises a charging basket 2, a connecting rod 4 is connected in the charging basket 2 in a rotating mode, a plurality of stirring rods 3 are fixedly mounted on the outer surface of the connecting rod 4, a rotating mechanism is connected to the bottom end of the connecting rod 4 and comprises a first motor 5 fixedly mounted in a machine box 1, an output shaft of the first motor 5 penetrates through the charging basket 2, part of the output shaft arranged in the charging basket 2 is coaxially connected with a first bevel gear 6, a second bevel gear 7 is coaxially connected to the bottom end of the connecting rod 4, and the second bevel gear 7 is meshed with the first bevel gear 6.
Broken mechanism includes broken case 8, broken case 8 and storage bucket 2 intercommunication, and the through-hole has been seted up to broken case 8 bottom, and the internal rotation of broken case 8 is connected with screw rod 10, and screw rod 10 runs through broken case 8, and the screw rod 10 of arranging in broken case 8 is equipped with two sections opposite direction's screw thread on the surface, and equal threaded connection has splint 9 on two sections opposite direction's screw thread, and the transmission is connected with belt 11 between screw rod 10 and the 5 output shafts of first motor, and belt 11 is arranged in storage bucket 2 and broken case 8 outward.
The sorting mechanism comprises a vibrating screen 12, the vibrating screen 12 is hinged to the bottom of the crushing box 8 and is right opposite to the through hole, round wheels 13 are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the bottom of the vibrating screen 12, an eccentric wheel 14 is rotatably connected in the machine case 1, the eccentric wheel 14 is symmetrically arranged along the central axis of the round wheels 13, elastic ropes are connected to the wheel surfaces of the eccentric wheel 14 and the wheel surfaces of the two round wheels 13, a second motor is coaxially connected to the eccentric wheel 14, and the second motor is fixedly connected in the machine case 1.
The side wall of the case 1 is provided with a material taking port 16, the bottom in the case 1 is fixedly provided with a plastic collecting box 15, and the plastic collecting box 15 is arranged under the oscillating screen 12.
The specific implementation mode is as follows: when separating medical plastics infusion bottle, in storage bucket 2 was all placed to plastic bottle body and rubber buffer, adjusted and started first motor 5, first bevel gear 6 on the first motor 5 drove second bevel gear 7 and rotates, and connecting rod 4 rotates thereupon, and connecting rod 4 rotates and drives the material of puddler 3 in to storage bucket 2 and carry out preliminary broken mixing. The material falls into crushing case 8, and screw rod 10 relies on belt 11 to rotate along with first motor 5 for two blocks of splint 9 move in opposite directions about having two sections opposite direction screw threads on screw rod 10, extrude the breakage with the plastic products in the material, and rubber is then because its better flexibility, and is not extruded the breakage.
After the extrusion crushing is completed, the through hole at the bottom of the crushing box 8 is opened, the material falls into the oscillating screen 12, the second motor is started, the second motor drives the eccentric wheel 14 to rotate, the eccentric wheel 14 continuously performs the vibration operation on the oscillating screen 12, the material made of plastic is extruded and crushed, is selected from the oscillating screen 12 and falls into the plastic collecting box 15, the rubber material is still remained in the oscillating screen 12, and the provided material taking port 16 is convenient for a worker to take the material.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a sorting unit of plastics and rubber, includes quick-witted case (1), its characterized in that: a stirring mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a sorting mechanism are arranged in the case (1), the stirring mechanism comprises a charging basket (2), a connecting rod (4) is rotatably connected in the charging basket (2), a plurality of stirring rods (3) are fixedly arranged on the outer surface of the connecting rod (4), and the bottom end of the connecting rod (4) is connected with a rotating mechanism; the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing box (8), the crushing box (8) is communicated with the charging barrel (2), a through hole is formed in the bottom of the crushing box (8), a screw rod (10) is connected in the crushing box (8) in a rotating mode, the screw rod (10) penetrates through the crushing box (8), two sections of threads in opposite directions are arranged on the surface of the screw rod (10) arranged in the crushing box (8), clamping plates (9) are connected to the two sections of threads in opposite directions in a threaded mode, and the rotating mechanism controls the screw rod (10) to rotate; the sorting mechanism comprises a vibrating screen (12), the vibrating screen (12) is hinged to the position, right opposite to the through hole, of the bottom of the crushing box (8), and a material taking opening (16) is formed in the side wall of the case (1).
2. A plastic and rubber separation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the rotating mechanism comprises a first motor (5) fixedly installed in the case (1), an output shaft of the first motor (5) penetrates through the charging basket (2), a part of the output shaft, which is arranged in the charging basket (2), is coaxially connected with a first bevel gear (6), the bottom end of the connecting rod (4) is coaxially connected with a second bevel gear (7), and the second bevel gear (7) is meshed with the first bevel gear (6).
3. A plastic and rubber separation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a belt (11) is in transmission connection between the screw rod (10) and an output shaft of the first motor (5), and the belt (11) is arranged outside the charging basket (2) and the crushing box (8).
4. A plastic and rubber separation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the vibrating screen is characterized in that round wheels (13) are fixedly connected to the left side and the right side of the bottom of the vibrating screen (12), eccentric wheels (14) are rotationally connected in the machine case (1), the eccentric wheels (14) are symmetrically arranged along the central axis of the round wheels (13), elastic ropes are connected to the wheel surfaces of the eccentric wheels (14) and the wheel surfaces of the two round wheels (13), the eccentric wheels (14) are coaxially connected with a second motor, and the second motor is fixedly connected in the machine case (1).
5. The plastic and rubber separation device of claim 4, wherein: the bottom in the case (1) is fixedly provided with a plastic collecting box (15), and the plastic collecting box (15) is arranged under the oscillating screen (12).
CN202022236883.XU 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Sorting unit of plastics and rubber Active CN213829866U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022236883.XU CN213829866U (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Sorting unit of plastics and rubber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022236883.XU CN213829866U (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Sorting unit of plastics and rubber

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213829866U true CN213829866U (en) 2021-07-30

Family

ID=77008178

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022236883.XU Active CN213829866U (en) 2020-10-10 2020-10-10 Sorting unit of plastics and rubber

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213829866U (en)

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