CN213740864U - Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering - Google Patents

Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213740864U
CN213740864U CN202022289641.7U CN202022289641U CN213740864U CN 213740864 U CN213740864 U CN 213740864U CN 202022289641 U CN202022289641 U CN 202022289641U CN 213740864 U CN213740864 U CN 213740864U
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protection
vegetation
slope
slope protection
hydraulic engineering
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CN202022289641.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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张勇
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Hunan Gaoyu Construction Co ltd
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Hunan Gaoyu Construction Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an antiskid type slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering, including dykes and dams, stone layer, backfill layer, protection network and scour protection buttress, the stone layer has been laid on the dykes and dams surface, and stone layer surface is provided with the backfill layer, the protection network has been laid on the backfill layer surface, and the protection network surface is provided with the vegetation rail to form the water drainage tank between the vegetation rail, the dykes and dams front end is provided with the concrete wall, and the concrete wall front end is provided with the scour protection buttress, the scour protection buttress outside is provided with the backplate, and forms the dashpot between the scour protection buttress, cement ground has been laid to the dykes and dams upper end, and the subaerial guardrail that is provided with of cement. This slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering is provided with vegetation rail and water drainage tank, avoids being washed away and run off by the rainwater through vegetation in the middle of the vegetation rail protection, and the rainwater through water drainage tank with the slope body surface discharges into the river course simultaneously in, reduces the infiltration of rainwater, improves the security of the slope body, has increased the practicality of this structure.

Description

Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hydraulic engineering construction technical field specifically is an antiskid type slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering.
Background
In the continuous development process of the society, the environment is damaged increasingly, the water and soil loss phenomenon is serious increasingly, in order to prevent the water and soil loss, a water conservancy revetment is usually built on the river side, the revetment is also called as a revetment, the form of the revetment has direct protection and indirect protection, the direct protection is to directly reinforce the side slope of the river bank, the indirect protection is suitable for river sections with wider riverbed or larger protection length, a spur dike, a dam, a check dike and the like can be built, water flow is selected from the river bank, so that the effects of protecting water and soil and preventing flood are achieved, in order to beautifully green the environment, turf can be planted on the revetment, and the existing revetment structure easily causes the water and soil loss on the surface of a slope body through long-term washing of rainwater in the using process, so as to cause the landslide phenomenon, and have potential safety hazards, and cause the occurrence of major accidents.
Therefore, the anti-skidding slope protection structure for the hydraulic engineering is provided so as to solve the problem that the slope protection provided in the above way has potential safety hazards of landslide due to water and soil loss of a slope surface under long-term rain wash.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an antiskid type slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering to solve the slope protection structure on the existing market that above-mentioned background art provided and can be under long-term rainwash the problem that there is the potential safety hazard of landslide in domatic soil erosion and water loss.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides an antiskid type slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering, includes dykes and dams, stone layer, backfill layer, protection network and scour protection buttress, the stone layer has been laid on the dykes and dams surface, and stone layer surface is provided with the backfill layer, the protection network has been laid on the backfill layer surface, and the protection network surface is provided with the vegetation rail to form the water drainage tank between the vegetation rail, the bank protection brick has been laid in the middle of the vegetation rail, and bank protection brick ground is provided with the fixed block to the fixed block passes the protection network and inserts in the backfill layer, and the grass has been planted in the middle of the bank protection brick moreover, the dykes and dams front end is provided with the concrete wall, and the concrete wall front end is provided with the scour protection buttress, the scour protection buttress outside is provided with the backplate, and forms the dashpot between the scour protection buttress, cement ground has been laid to the dykes and dams upper end, and the subaerial protection guardrail that is provided with of cement.
Preferably, the slope of the dam is a 45-degree inclined plane, and the inclined plane of the dam and the inclined plane of the stone layer are parallel to each other.
Preferably, the thickness of the backfill layer is uniform from top to bottom, and the inclined plane of the backfill layer is parallel to the inclined plane of the stone layer.
Preferably, the vegetation fence is rhombus, and the inclination angle of vegetation fence is the same with the inclination angle of backfill layer.
Preferably, the slope protection brick is evenly laid in the vegetation rail, and the inclination angle of slope protection brick is the same with the inclination angle of vegetation rail.
Preferably, the scour protection buttress is the rectangle structure, and the distance equals between the scour protection buttress to the side and the horizontal plane mutually perpendicular of scour protection buttress.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the anti-skid slope protection structure for the hydraulic engineering;
1. the vegetation fence and the drainage groove are arranged, in the actual use process, vegetation in the middle is protected by the vegetation fence from being washed away by rainwater and losing, and meanwhile rainwater on the surface of a slope body is drained into a river channel through the drainage groove, so that the rainwater infiltration is reduced, the safety of the slope body is improved, and the practicability of the structure is improved;
2. be provided with scour protection buttress and buffer tank, in the in-service use in-process, when rivers are special torrent, the cooperation between scour protection buttress and the buffer tank of accessible bank protection below reduces rivers to the impact force of dykes and dams, improves the impact resistance of dykes and dams, has increased the functional of this structure.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view of the dam of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic view of a laying structure of the slope protection bricks and the vegetation fences of the utility model;
fig. 5 is the utility model discloses slope protection brick and protection network connection structure sketch map.
In the figure: 1. a dam; 2. a stone layer; 3. a backfill layer; 4. a protective net; 5. a vegetation enclosure; 6. slope protection bricks; 7. turf; 8. a concrete wall; 9. preventing bumping; 10. a guard plate; 11. a buffer tank; 12. a water discharge tank; 13. a guardrail; 14. a cement floor; 15. and (5) fixing blocks.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-5, the present invention provides a technical solution: an anti-skid slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering comprises a dam 1, a stone block layer 2, a backfill layer 3, a protective net 4, a vegetation fence 5, slope protection bricks 6, turf 7, a concrete wall 8, a scour protection 9, a guard plate 10, a buffer tank 11, a water drainage tank 12, a guard rail 13, a cement ground 14 and fixing blocks 15, wherein the stone block layer 2 is paved on the surface of the dam 1, the backfill layer 3 is arranged on the surface of the stone block layer 2, the protective net 4 is paved on the surface of the backfill layer 3, the vegetation fence 5 is arranged on the surface of the protective net 4, the water drainage tank 12 is formed between the vegetation fences 5, the slope protection bricks 6 are paved in the middle of the vegetation fence 5, the fixing blocks 15 are arranged on the ground of the slope protection bricks 6, the fixing blocks 15 are inserted into the backfill layer 3 through the protective net 4, the turf 7 is planted in the middle of the slope protection bricks 6, the front end of the dam 1 is provided with the concrete wall 8, the scour protection 9 is arranged at the front end of the concrete wall 8, the outer side of the anti-scour stacks 9 is provided with a guard plate 10, a buffer groove 11 is formed between the anti-scour stacks 9, the upper end of the dam 1 is paved with a cement ground 14, and the cement ground 14 is provided with a guardrail 13.
Dykes and dams 1's slope is 45 degrees inclined planes, and 1 inclined planes of dykes and dams are parallel to each other with the inclined plane on stone layer 2, and above-mentioned structural design is favorable to improving the stability after stone layer 2 is laid in the in-service use process, and the rainwater infiltration of being convenient for simultaneously is underground.
Even about the thickness of backfill layer 3, and the inclined plane of backfill layer 3 is parallel to each other with the inclined plane of stone layer 2, and above-mentioned structural design is favorable to the planting of vegetation, reduces soil erosion and water loss.
Vegetation rail 5 is the rhombus, and the inclination of vegetation rail 5 is the same with backfill layer 3's inclination, and above-mentioned structural design is favorable to the rainwater to pass through the water drainage tank 12 who forms between the vegetation rail 5 and arrange into the river course in the in-service use, avoids the rainwater to take away the earth on the bank protection, has improved the security of the slope body.
Slope protection brick 6 evenly lays in vegetation rail 5, and slope protection brick 6's inclination is the same with vegetation rail 5's inclination, and above-mentioned structural design is favorable to slope protection brick 6 to pass through protection network 4 to fix on the bank protection in the in-service use process, avoids the accumulation of rainwater simultaneously, improves the security of bank protection.
Scour protection buttress 9 is the rectangle structure, and the distance equals between scour protection buttress 9 to scour protection buttress 9's side and horizontal plane mutually perpendicular, above-mentioned structural design, in the in-service use process, be favorable to reducing the impact force of flowing water to dykes and dams 1 through the cooperation between scour protection buttress 9 and buffer tank 11, effectively improve the life of dykes and dams 1.
The working principle is as follows: when the anti-skid slope protection structure for the hydraulic engineering is used, as shown in fig. 1 and 3, firstly, soil in the backfill layer 3 is protected by the protection net 4, flowing water of the soil is reduced, then vegetation fences 5 are laid on the protection net 4, a large amount of rainwater is drained into a river channel by the drainage grooves 12 between the vegetation fences 5, erosion of the rainwater to the dam 1 is reduced, as shown in fig. 4 and 5, slope protection bricks 6 are evenly laid in the vegetation fences 5, then turf 7 is planted in the slope protection bricks 6, the turf 7 is rooted into the backfill layer 3 by the protection net 4, the connectivity between the soil is maintained by the root of the turf 7, further, water and soil loss is reduced, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the flowing water to the dam 1 is reduced by the anti-scour 9 and the buffer groove 11, meanwhile, erosion of the flowing water to the dam 1 is avoided by the concrete wall 8, as shown in fig. 1 and 3, the cement ground guardrails 14 and 13 laid on the top of the dam 1, the pedestrian is prevented from sliding into a falling river channel in the walking process, the safety is improved, and a series of work is completed.
It is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for the purpose of convenience and simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must be in a particular orientation, constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an antiskid type slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering, includes dykes and dams (1), stone layer (2), backfill layer (3), protection network (4) and scour protection buttress (9), its characterized in that: the surface of the dam (1) is paved with stone block layers (2), the surface of each stone block layer (2) is provided with a backfill layer (3), the surface of the backfill layer (3) is paved with a protective net (4), the surface of the protective net (4) is provided with vegetation fences (5), drainage grooves (12) are formed among the vegetation fences (5), slope protection bricks (6) are paved in the middle of the vegetation fences (5), fixed blocks (15) are arranged on the ground of the slope protection bricks (6), the fixed blocks (15) penetrate through the protective net (4) to be inserted into the backfill layer (3), turf (7) is planted in the middle of the slope protection bricks (6), the front end of the dam (1) is provided with a concrete wall (8), the front end of the concrete wall (8) is provided with a scour protection stack (9), a protective plate (10) is arranged on the outer side of the scour protection stack (9), and buffer grooves (11) are formed among the scour protection stacks (9), a cement ground (14) is laid at the upper end of the dam (1), and a guardrail (13) is arranged on the cement ground (14).
2. The slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the slope of dykes and dams (1) is 45 degrees inclined planes, and dykes and dams (1) inclined plane and the inclined plane of stone block layer (2) are parallel to each other.
3. The slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the thickness of the backfill layer (3) is uniform from top to bottom, and the inclined plane of the backfill layer (3) is parallel to the inclined plane of the stone block layer (2).
4. The slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: the vegetation fence (5) is in a diamond shape, and the inclination angle of the vegetation fence (5) is the same as that of the backfill layer (3).
5. The slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: slope protection brick (6) evenly lay in vegetation rail (5), and the inclination of slope protection brick (6) is the same with the inclination of vegetation rail (5).
6. The slope protection structure for antiskid type hydraulic engineering of claim 1, characterized in that: scour protection buttress (9) are the rectangle structure, and the distance equals between scour protection buttress (9) to the side and the horizontal plane mutually perpendicular of scour protection buttress (9).
CN202022289641.7U 2020-10-15 2020-10-15 Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering Active CN213740864U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022289641.7U CN213740864U (en) 2020-10-15 2020-10-15 Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022289641.7U CN213740864U (en) 2020-10-15 2020-10-15 Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213740864U true CN213740864U (en) 2021-07-20

Family

ID=76849785

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022289641.7U Active CN213740864U (en) 2020-10-15 2020-10-15 Anti-skidding slope protection structure for hydraulic engineering

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213740864U (en)

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