CN213618497U - Kitchen waste treatment device - Google Patents

Kitchen waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213618497U
CN213618497U CN202022319758.5U CN202022319758U CN213618497U CN 213618497 U CN213618497 U CN 213618497U CN 202022319758 U CN202022319758 U CN 202022319758U CN 213618497 U CN213618497 U CN 213618497U
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China
Prior art keywords
box
box body
material containing
garbage
crushing
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Active
Application number
CN202022319758.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张瑞星
张海青
薄月宏
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Beijing Kaidao Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Beijing Kaidao Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022319758.5U priority Critical patent/CN213618497U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The application relates to the field of garbage treatment equipment, in particular to a kitchen garbage treatment device, which comprises a box body, a squeezing assembly, a crushing assembly and a fermentation box, wherein the squeezing assembly is arranged in the box body and used for squeezing and dehydrating garbage, the crushing assembly is used for crushing the garbage, and the fermentation box is used for treating the crushed garbage; a feed port is arranged on the box body and communicated to the squeezing assembly; and a collecting box used for collecting water squeezed out by the squeezing assembly is arranged in the box body. This application has comparatively convenient effect of handling kitchen garbage.

Description

Kitchen waste treatment device
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of garbage treatment equipment, in particular to a kitchen waste treatment device.
Background
In some hotels, restaurants or dining halls of schools, more kitchen waste can be produced every day, the mode of treating the kitchen waste at present is to classify the kitchen waste, and then the kitchen waste is transported to a factory for waste treatment in a centralized manner to be treated.
With respect to the related art in the above, the inventors found that: the kitchen waste in each place is transported to a factory for treatment, a garbage truck needs to be removed to collect the kitchen waste, the transportation cost is high, the kitchen waste is in the garbage and can contain liquid such as soup, seepage can also occur in the transportation process, pollution damage is caused to city appearances, and the kitchen waste is inconvenient to treat.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to handle kitchen garbage comparatively conveniently, this application provides a kitchen garbage processing apparatus.
The application provides a kitchen garbage processing apparatus adopts following technical scheme:
a kitchen waste treatment device comprises a box body, a squeezing assembly, a crushing assembly and a fermentation box, wherein the squeezing assembly is arranged in the box body and used for squeezing and dehydrating garbage, the crushing assembly is used for crushing the garbage, and the fermentation box is used for treating the crushed garbage; a feed port is arranged on the box body and communicated to the squeezing assembly; and a collecting box used for collecting water squeezed out by the squeezing assembly is arranged in the box body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when handling rubbish, carry out the pressurization dehydration to rubbish, later smash rubbish, carry out fermentation treatment to the rubbish after smashing, can promote the efficiency of carrying out the fermentation to rubbish, reduced and carried out the cost of transporting rubbish when carrying out centralized processing to kitchen garbage, it is more convenient to handle kitchen garbage.
Optionally, the squeezing assembly comprises a material containing barrel arranged in the box body, a pressure plate connected in the material containing barrel in a sliding manner, and a hydraulic cylinder arranged on the material containing barrel and used for driving the pressure plate to slide; the feed inlet is communicated with the interior of the material containing barrel; a plurality of water leakage holes for water leakage are arranged at the lower side of the material containing barrel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when dehydrating rubbish, the direct control pneumatic cylinder drives the clamp plate and extrudees rubbish, and the operation of deviating from is comparatively convenient.
Optionally, the crushing assembly is positioned at the end of the material containing barrel, a mounting plate for mounting the crushing assembly is arranged on the box body, and a through hole is arranged on the mounting plate at a position corresponding to the material containing barrel; crushing subassembly is including rotating the crushing wheel of connecting through-hole position department on the mounting panel and setting up and be used for driving crushing wheel pivoted driving piece on the mounting panel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when smashing the rubbish after the dehydration, directly drive rubbish through the clamp plate to the direction removal of smashing the wheel can, it is comparatively convenient to carry out kibbling operation to rubbish.
Optionally, an opening and closing member for opening and closing an opening of the end part of the material containing barrel facing the crushing wheel is arranged at the opening position of the material containing barrel; the opening and closing part comprises a closing plate connected with the material containing barrel in a sliding mode and an electric push rod arranged on the box body and used for driving the closing plate to open and close the opening of the material containing barrel.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when carrying out the extrusion dehydration to rubbish, use the opening of closing plate with containing cylinder to seal, carrying out the extruded in-process to rubbish, can reduce the rubbish and directly extrude crushing wheel and lead to the fact the phenomenon of damage or having rubbish directly to pass from the clearance of crushing wheel to crushing wheel appearing, it is better to carry out the effect of extrusion dehydration to rubbish.
Optionally, the discharge end of the crushing wheel is used for communicating the inside of the fermentation box; microorganisms for performing fermentation treatment on the garbage are arranged in the fermentation box; the fermentation box is communicated with an air pump which is communicated with the fermentation box through a vent pipe; the breather pipe is provided with a purifying piece for purifying gas.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, accomplish the fermentation back, take out the gas in the fermentation tank to carry out purification treatment to the gas of extraction, get rid of peculiar smell and some harmful substance among them, when opening the fermentation tank, can reduce the phenomenon that has great peculiar smell.
Optionally, the mounting panel rotates to be connected on the box, is provided with on the box lateral wall and supplies mounting panel pivoted accommodation hole, and the mounting panel rotates and drives crushing wheel and remove to the box outside.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when needs clear up or change crushing wheel, can be comparatively convenient adjust the outside to the box with crushing wheel, clear up or the operation of changing crushing wheel more portably.
Optionally, one side, facing the inside of the box body, of the end surface, away from the rotating shaft, of the mounting plate is provided with a cambered surface; the box body is internally provided with a supporting plate which is matched with the abutting surface to position the mounting plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rotate the mounting panel to the box after predetermined position, mounting panel and backup pad butt support the mounting panel and fix for the mounting panel is located comparatively stably in the box, and the tip that sets up the mounting panel and keep away from the axis of rotation is the cambered surface towards the inside side of box, and when rotating mounting panel to the box, mounting panel and backup pad paste inseparabler, and it is better to the fixed effect of support of mounting panel.
Optionally, a handle for pulling the mounting plate to rotate is fixedly connected to the side surface of the mounting plate, which is located on the outer side of the box body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when adjusting the crushing wheel to the box outside, it is more convenient to rotate the mounting panel.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. the kitchen waste is subjected to processes of pressure dehydration, crushing, fermentation and the like, the kitchen waste is converted into a usable fertilizer, the kitchen waste is reasonably utilized, the cost for transporting the kitchen waste under the condition of centralized treatment of the kitchen waste is reduced, and the kitchen waste is more convenient to treat;
2. by the aid of the sealing piece, when the garbage is squeezed and dehydrated, the phenomenon that the crushing wheel is damaged due to large squeezing force of the garbage on the crushing wheel or part of the garbage leaks out of the gap of the crushing wheel can be reduced, and the garbage squeezing and dehydrating effect is better;
3. through the mounting panel that sets up, can be comparatively convenient adjust the crushing wheel to the box outside for it is comparatively convenient to clear up or change the operation such as taking turns to crushing.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a garbage disposal apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view for showing the structure of the press assembly;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the closure shown;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the mounting plate and the support plate;
fig. 6 is a schematic view for showing the structure of the mounting case.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a box body; 11. a feed inlet; 12. a collection box; 13. mounting a plate; 131. a through hole; 132. an ear plate; 133. a handle; 14. an accommodation hole; 15. a support plate; 2. a press assembly; 21. a material containing barrel; 211. a water leakage hole; 22. pressing a plate; 23. a hydraulic cylinder; 3. a size reduction assembly; 31. a grinding wheel; 32. a drive member; 321. a drive motor; 322. a transmission belt; 323. a driving wheel; 4. a fermentation box; 41. cleaning the door; 5. a closure; 51. a closing plate; 52. an electric push rod; 6. a gas purification assembly; 61. an air pump; 62. a breather pipe; 63. mounting a shell; 631. and (4) a vent hole.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-6.
The embodiment of the application discloses kitchen waste treatment device. Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the garbage disposal apparatus includes a housing 1, a squeezing assembly 2 disposed in the housing 1 for squeezing and dewatering garbage, a crushing assembly 3 for crushing garbage, and a fermentation tank 4 for fermenting the crushed garbage; a feed inlet 11 is formed in the box body 1, and the feed inlet 11 is communicated with the squeezing assembly 2 so as to add garbage into the squeezing assembly 2; a collecting box 12 for collecting the water extruded by the squeezing component 2 is arranged in the box body 1; the fermentation tank 4 is provided with microorganisms for performing fermentation treatment on garbage.
Referring to fig. 2, the squeezing assembly 2 includes a material containing barrel 21 fixed in the box body 1, a pressure plate 22 slidably connected in the material containing barrel 21, and a hydraulic cylinder 23 fixed on the material containing barrel 21 for driving the pressure plate 22 to slide; a plurality of water leakage holes 211 for water leakage are arranged at the lower side of the side wall of the material containing barrel 21; feed inlet 11 and material containing barrel 21's inside intercommunication, kitchen garbage adds to material containing barrel 21 in through feed inlet 11, and later pneumatic cylinder 23 drives clamp plate 22 and extrudees the rubbish in the material containing barrel 21, extrudes moisture wherein, and water falls into in the collecting box 12 of downside in the hole 211 that leaks.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the crushing assembly 3 is arranged at one end of the material containing barrel 21, the box body 1 is provided with a mounting plate 13 for fixing the crushing assembly 3, the mounting plate 13 is rotatably connected to the box body 1, and the side wall of the box body 1 is provided with a containing hole 14 for the mounting plate 13 to rotate; when the mounting plate 13 is positioned in the box body 1, a through hole 131 is arranged on the mounting plate 13 at a position corresponding to the opening at the end part of the material containing barrel 21; the crushing assembly 3 comprises a crushing wheel 31 which is rotatably connected to the mounting plate 13 at the position of the through hole 131 and a driving piece 32 which is arranged on the mounting plate 13 and is used for driving the crushing wheel 31 to rotate; the driving member 32 includes a driving motor 321 fixed on the mounting plate 13 and a transmission belt 322 disposed between the driving motor 321 and the crushing wheel 31, wherein the output end of the driving motor 321 and the crushing wheel 31 are respectively and fixedly connected with a transmission wheel 323, and the transmission belt 322 is disposed on the two transmission wheels 323 in a tensioned manner.
Referring to fig. 4, the side surface of the mounting plate 13 located outside the box body 1 is fixedly connected with an ear plate 132, and the ear plate 132 is fixedly connected with the box body 1 through a screw; the side surface of the mounting plate 13 outside the box body 1 is fixedly connected with a handle 133 so as to conveniently rotate the mounting plate 13.
Referring to fig. 4, a closing member 5 for closing the opening of the material containing barrel 21 is arranged between the material containing barrel 21 and the crushing wheel 31, and the closing member 5 comprises a closing plate 51 connected with the material containing barrel 21 in a sliding manner and an electric push rod 52 fixed on the box body 1 and used for driving the closing plate 51 to slide; when squeezing rubbish, use the opening of closure plate 51 with holding in the feed cylinder 21 to seal, later pneumatic cylinder 23 takes multi-functional clamp plate 22 to slide and pressurizes the rubbish in holding in the feed cylinder 21 for water in holding in the feed cylinder 21 flows to the collecting box 12 in from leaking the hole 211, can reduce the condition that produces great pressure to crushing wheel 31 in the extrusion process, reduces to appear the phenomenon that partial rubbish leaked from the clearance of crushing wheel 31, and is better to the extrusion dehydration effect of rubbish.
Referring to fig. 5, the side surface of the mounting plate 13, which faces the inside of the box body 1, at the end away from the rotating shaft is provided with a cambered surface, a supporting plate 15 corresponding to the mounting plate 13 is fixedly connected in the box body 1, and after the mounting plate 13 rotates into the box body 1, the mounting plate 13 is abutted against the supporting plate 15 to support and fix the mounting plate 13;
when handling rubbish, add rubbish to flourishing feed cylinder 21 from feed inlet 11 in, the closing plate 51 is in and carries out the confined state to the opening of flourishing feed cylinder 21 this moment, pneumatic cylinder 23 drives clamp plate 22 and extrudees the dehydration to rubbish, the water of extrusion department flows to collecting box 12 from leaking the hole 211, later electric putter 52 drives closing plate 51 and opens the opening of flourishing feed cylinder 21, driving motor 321 drives crushing wheel 31 and rotates, clamp plate 22 drives the rubbish removal in the flourishing feed cylinder 21, crushing wheel 31 smashes rubbish, the rubbish after smashing falls into fermenting case 4 and ferments, can be comparatively convenient handle kitchen garbage.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a fermentation box 4 is fixedly connected with a box body 1, the discharge end of a crushing wheel 31 is communicated with the interior of the fermentation box 4, garbage is discharged into the fermentation box 4 for treatment, and the treated garbage can be used as fertilizer to reasonably utilize kitchen garbage and save resources; the fermentation box 4 is provided with a cleaning door 41 which is convenient for cleaning the residual substances after the internal garbage fermentation.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, a gas purification assembly 6 is connected to the fermentation tank 4, the gas purification assembly 6 includes a suction pump 61 arranged outside the fermentation tank 4 and a vent pipe 62 connected to the air inlet end of the suction pump 61, and the vent pipe 62 is communicated with the inside of the fermentation tank 4; the ventilation pipe 62 is internally provided with a purification piece for treating gas generated in the fermentation process, the purification piece comprises an installation shell 63 fixed in the ventilation pipe 62, and the installation shell 63 is filled with activated carbon for purifying the gas; the mounting case 63 is provided with vent holes 631 on both side surfaces in the gas flow direction; in the fermentation process, the air pump 61 is used for exhausting the gas in the fermentation box 4, the activated carbon is used for adsorbing peculiar smell and harmful substances in the gas, and the phenomenon that the large peculiar smell or the harmful substances overflow when the fermentation box 4 is opened is reduced.
The implementation principle of the kitchen waste treatment device in the embodiment of the application is as follows: when the garbage is treated, the garbage is added into the material containing barrel 21 from the feeding hole 11, the pressing plate 22 is used for extruding and dehydrating the garbage, then the dehydrated garbage is crushed, the crushed garbage falls into the fermentation box 4, the garbage is fermented, the kitchen garbage can be conveniently treated, and the cost for transporting and centrally treating the kitchen garbage is reduced; through the mounting panel 13 that sets up, can be comparatively convenient rotate crushing wheel 31 to the 1 outside of box, the later stage can be comparatively convenient clear up crushing wheel 31 and change the operation such as.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a kitchen garbage processing apparatus which characterized in that: comprises a box body (1), a squeezing component (2) which is arranged in the box body (1) and is used for squeezing and dehydrating garbage, a crushing component (3) which is used for crushing the garbage and a fermentation box (4) which is used for treating the crushed garbage; a feed inlet (11) is formed in the box body (1), and the feed inlet (11) is communicated with the squeezing assembly (2); a collecting box (12) for collecting the water squeezed out by the squeezing component (2) is arranged in the box body (1).
2. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the squeezing assembly (2) comprises a material containing barrel (21) arranged in the box body (1), a pressure plate (22) connected in the material containing barrel (21) in a sliding manner and a hydraulic cylinder (23) which is arranged on the material containing barrel (21) and used for driving the pressure plate (22) to slide; the feed inlet (11) is communicated with the interior of the material containing barrel (21); a plurality of water leakage holes (211) for water leakage are arranged at the lower side of the material containing barrel (21).
3. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the crushing assembly (3) is positioned at the end part of the material containing barrel (21), the box body (1) is provided with a mounting plate (13) for mounting the crushing assembly (3), and the mounting plate (13) is provided with a through hole (131) at a position corresponding to the material containing barrel (21); the crushing assembly (3) comprises a crushing wheel (31) which is rotatably connected to the position of the through hole (131) on the mounting plate (13) and a driving piece (32) which is arranged on the mounting plate (13) and is used for driving the crushing wheel (31) to rotate.
4. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 3, characterized in that: a closing member (5) for opening and closing an opening of the end of the charging barrel (21) facing the crushing wheel (31) is arranged at the opening position of the charging barrel (21); the closing piece (5) comprises a closing plate (51) connected with the material containing barrel (21) in a sliding mode and an electric push rod (52) arranged on the box body (1) and used for driving the closing plate (51) to open and close the opening of the material containing barrel (21).
5. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the discharge end of the crushing wheel (31) is communicated with the inside of the fermentation box (4); microorganisms for performing fermentation treatment on the garbage are arranged in the fermentation box (4); the fermentation box (4) is communicated with an air pump (61), and the air pump (61) is communicated with the fermentation box (4) through a vent pipe (62); the ventilation pipe (62) is provided with a purification member for purifying gas.
6. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 3, characterized in that: mounting panel (13) rotate to be connected on box (1), are provided with on box (1) lateral wall and supply mounting panel (13) pivoted accommodation hole (14), and mounting panel (13) rotate and drive crushing wheel (31) and remove to the box (1) outside.
7. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 6, characterized in that: one side, facing the inside of the box body (1), of the end face, far away from the rotating shaft, of the mounting plate (13) is provided with a cambered surface; a supporting plate (15) which is matched with the abutting surface to position the mounting plate (13) is arranged in the box body (1).
8. The kitchen waste treatment device according to claim 6, characterized in that: the side of the mounting plate (13) positioned outside the box body (1) is fixedly connected with a handle (133) used for pulling the mounting plate (13) to rotate.
CN202022319758.5U 2020-10-17 2020-10-17 Kitchen waste treatment device Active CN213618497U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022319758.5U CN213618497U (en) 2020-10-17 2020-10-17 Kitchen waste treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022319758.5U CN213618497U (en) 2020-10-17 2020-10-17 Kitchen waste treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213618497U true CN213618497U (en) 2021-07-06

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ID=76661790

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022319758.5U Active CN213618497U (en) 2020-10-17 2020-10-17 Kitchen waste treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213618497U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113587625A (en) * 2021-07-12 2021-11-02 上海通华不锈钢压力容器工程有限公司 On-site kitchen garbage drying equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113587625A (en) * 2021-07-12 2021-11-02 上海通华不锈钢压力容器工程有限公司 On-site kitchen garbage drying equipment

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