CN213515610U - Building verticality measuring tool - Google Patents

Building verticality measuring tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213515610U
CN213515610U CN202022594866.3U CN202022594866U CN213515610U CN 213515610 U CN213515610 U CN 213515610U CN 202022594866 U CN202022594866 U CN 202022594866U CN 213515610 U CN213515610 U CN 213515610U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
scale
rod
measuring tool
telescopic
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CN202022594866.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王小松
李小猛
贾韬
刘云鹏
史启元
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
Fourth Construction Co Ltd of China Construction Seventh Engineering Co Ltd
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China Construction Seventh Engineering Division Corp Ltd
Fourth Construction Co Ltd of China Construction Seventh Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202022594866.3U priority Critical patent/CN213515610U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down, this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down include fixed plate, scale plate, connecting rod, plummet and set up the fixed column on the fixed plate. The fixed plate and the scale plate are of two cuboid structures which are horizontally arranged and have the same size, and the fixed plate and the scale plate are arranged at intervals in an up-and-down parallel mode. Be provided with the spacing groove on the fixed plate, spacing groove one end is connected with the fixed column, and the other end is provided with spacing hole. The scale plate is provided with a slide hole and a scale. The connecting rod is the telescopic link, the top and the fixed plate fixed connection of connecting rod, bottom and scale plate fixed connection to fixed plate and scale plate left end face can push up simultaneously and lean on the surface at required measurement template. The utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down only needs a constructor can carry out a lot of to the same template, different templates and measure, has improved constructor's efficiency, avoids unnecessary labour's waste, and the error is urine to carry simultaneously.

Description

Building verticality measuring tool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction field especially relates to a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down.
Background
Each building in a reinforced concrete structure has many vertical walls and columns, such as shear walls, frame columns, and the like. Before each perpendicular wall or post is poured, template installation needs to be carried out, the side of each component needs to be subjected to perpendicularity measurement after the template installation is finished, the perpendicularity is measured by adopting a plumb hammer mode in the traditional measuring mode, the method can be completed only by matching more than two workers, one worker suspends a plumb line on one side of the upper end of the template at the upper end of the post or the wall, the horizontal distance between the plumb line and the template is measured by a ruler, the other worker measures the horizontal distance between the plumb line at the lower end and the template by a ruler, then comparison is carried out, whether the horizontal distance between the plumb line and the template is consistent or not is carried out, whether the template is inclined or not is judged, the scales of inclination are recorded, and the like.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model aims to provide a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down to measure among the solution prior art and hang down straightness inefficiency, the error is big, the problem that the human cost is high.
For solving the technical problem, the utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down adopts's technical scheme is:
building straightness measuring tool that hangs down includes:
the fixing plate is of a cuboid structure, the fixing plate is horizontally arranged, the length direction of the fixing plate is defined as the left-right direction, the width direction is the front-back direction, the height direction is the up-down direction, a limiting groove is formed in the fixing plate, the limiting groove extends along the left-right direction, a limiting hole is formed in the right end of the limiting groove, and the limiting hole penetrates through the fixing plate along the up-down direction;
the scale plate is positioned below the fixed plate and has the same size as the fixed plate, the scale plate and the fixed plate are arranged at intervals in an up-and-down parallel manner, the scale plate is provided with a sliding hole extending along the left-and-right direction, the sliding hole penetrates through the scale plate up and down, a dial gauge extending along the extending direction of the sliding hole is arranged at the position, along which the sliding hole is positioned, of the upper surface of the scale plate, the dial gauge comprises zero scale marks and integer scale marks which are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the zero scale marks and are larger than the zero scale marks, and the straight line of the zero scale marks intersects with the axis of the limiting;
the connecting rod is a telescopic rod, the top end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the fixed plate, the bottom end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the scale plate, and the connecting positions of the connecting rod and the fixed plate and the connecting positions of the connecting rod and the scale plate are in one-to-one correspondence in the vertical direction so that the left end surfaces of the fixed plate and the scale plate can be simultaneously abutted against the surface of a template to be measured;
the fixing column is arranged on the fixing plate and is positioned at the left end of the limiting groove;
the plumb bob comprises a plumb line and a hanging hammer, wherein one end of the plumb line penetrates through a limiting hole and is connected with the fixed column through a limiting groove, the other end of the plumb line penetrates through a sliding hole and is connected with the hanging hammer, and the hanging hammer is of an inverted cone structure.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are: when the building verticality measuring tool is used, a constructor holds the connecting rod to enable the left end face of the fixed plate and the scale plate to be abutted against a template to be measured, then records the scale corresponding to the scale of the scale meter on the vertical line and the scale plate, and can realize the measurement of verticality only by one constructor; the axis of the limiting hole is intersected and vertical to the straight line where the zero scale mark is located in the same plane, so that the plumb line is overlapped with the zero scale mark when the hanging hammer is suspended, the error is reduced, and the measuring accuracy is ensured; the connecting rod is the telescopic link, when not using this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down, shortens the connecting rod, avoids the connecting rod to receive the damage at the construction place to volume when can also reducing this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down does not use, so that constructor's carry.
Further, the connecting rod includes the same first telescopic link section and the telescopic link section of second, and first telescopic link section and the telescopic link section of second all include multistage flexible festival section, and the flexible festival section that the diameter of first telescopic link section and second telescopic link section is minimum corresponds fixed connection together, and the flexible festival section that the diameter of first telescopic link section is maximum is connected with the fixed plate, the flexible festival section and the scale board fixed connection that the diameter of second telescopic link section is maximum.
Has the advantages that: the length of the connecting rod is increased, the measuring accuracy is improved, and when the building verticality measuring tool is not used, the connecting rod can be shortened, so that the building verticality measuring tool is convenient to carry and store, and the building verticality measuring tool is prevented from being damaged by a complex construction site.
Further, the upper surface of scale plate is provided with solid fixed ring, gu be connected with the elasticity stay cord on the fixed ring, the length of elasticity stay cord satisfies and can connect on the fixed column when the connecting rod contracts to its shortest length.
Has the advantages that: when the connecting rod contracts to the shortest, the fixed plate and the scale plate are fixed together, the connecting rod is prevented from loosening, and the building verticality measuring tool is prevented from being damaged.
Furthermore, the limiting groove is a V-shaped groove.
Has the advantages that: make placing in the spacing groove that the plumb line can be stable, avoid the plumb line to break away from the spacing groove or slide in the spacing groove to guarantee the measuring accuracy.
Furthermore, the hole edge of the slide hole, which is located on the upper surface of the scale plate, comprises a front hole edge, a rear hole edge, a left hole edge and a right hole edge, the front side of the front hole edge and the rear side of the rear hole edge are respectively provided with the scales, and the scale marks of the two scales are in one-to-one correspondence.
Has the advantages that: be convenient for constructor to observe the position relation of perpendicular line and preceding hole edge and the corresponding graduation apparatus of back hole edge to improve and measure the accuracy.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the building verticality measuring tool of the present invention (in this embodiment, in order to avoid the drawing being too large and to make the partial structural representation unclear, the first telescopic rod section and the second telescopic rod section only show three telescopic segments);
FIG. 2 is a top view of the fixing plate of the building verticality measuring tool of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the scale plate of the building verticality measuring tool of the present invention;
fig. 5 is the utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool shrink schematic diagram.
Reference numerals: 1-fixing the plate; 2-a scale plate; 3-a connecting rod; 4-vertical line; 5, hanging a hammer; 6-fixing the column; 7-fixing the ring; 8-a limiting groove; 9-a limiting hole; 10-a slide hole; 11-a scale; 12-an elastic pull rope; 13-a first telescopic rod section; 14-a second telescopic pole section.
Detailed Description
The construction verticality measuring tool of the present invention is further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description thereof.
The utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down's concrete embodiment does:
as shown in fig. 1, the utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down includes: fixed plate 1, scale plate 2, connecting rod 3 and plummet.
Plumb bob includes plumb line 4 and sash weight 5, and 4 one ends of plumb line are fixed with fixed plate 1, the other end and sash weight 5 fixed connection, and sash weight 5 is the cone structure of inversion, and the height that the centre of a circle of the bottom surface of sash weight 5 bottom surface place is connected with plumb line 4 and the height that highly is less than 2 bottom surfaces places of scale plate.
As shown in fig. 1, fixed plate 1 is right-hand member and 3 top welded cuboid structures of connecting rod, fixed plate 1 level is arranged, the length direction of definition fixed plate 1 is left right direction, width direction is the fore-and-aft direction, the direction of height is upper and lower direction, it is specific, as shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, be provided with fixed column 6 on the fixed plate 1, so that perpendicular line 4's is fixed, fixed plate 1 has seted up spacing groove 8 on fixed column 6's right side and hugs closely fixed column 6 position department, spacing groove 8 is for following the V-arrangement groove that left and right directions extended and the side is the V font, so that perpendicular line 4 is stable setting in spacing groove 8, avoid perpendicular line 4 to break away from spacing groove 8 or slide in spacing groove 8, thereby guarantee measuring accuracy. Limiting holes 9 are formed in the right end of the limiting groove 8 on the fixing plate 1, the limiting holes 9 penetrate through the fixing plate 1 in the vertical direction, and the vertical lines 4 are fixed on the fixing column 6 and penetrate through the limiting holes 9 through the limiting groove 8. In this embodiment, the aperture of the limiting hole 9 is very small, and when the perpendicular line 4 passes through the limiting hole 9, the perpendicular line 4 can be regarded as being coincident with the axis of the limiting hole 9.
As shown in fig. 1, the connecting rod 3 is a telescopic rod, the connecting rod 3 includes a first telescopic rod section 13 and a second telescopic rod section 14, the first telescopic rod section 13 and the second telescopic rod section 14 both include five-stage telescopic sections, the telescopic sections with the minimum diameters of the first telescopic rod section 13 and the second telescopic rod section 14 correspond to and are fixedly connected together, the telescopic section with the maximum diameter of the first telescopic rod section 13 is connected with the fixing plate 1, the telescopic section with the maximum diameter of the second telescopic rod section 14 is fixedly connected with the scale plate 2, and the connecting positions of the first telescopic rod section 13 and the fixing plate 1 correspond to the connecting positions of the second telescopic rod section 14 and the scale plate 2 in the up-down direction, so that the left end faces of the fixing plate 1 and the scale plate 2 can be simultaneously abutted against the surface of the template to be measured. When not using this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down, shorten first telescopic link section 13 and second telescopic link section 14 to the biggest flexible festival section of diameter, avoid connecting rod 3 to receive the damage at the construction site to be convenient for constructor's carrying.
As shown in fig. 1, the scale plate 2 is a cuboid structure with the right end welded with the bottom of the connecting rod 3, the scale plate 2 and the fixing plate 1 have the same size, the scale plate 2 and the fixing plate 1 are arranged in parallel at intervals up and down, the left end face of the scale plate 2 is arranged corresponding to the left end face of the fixing plate 1, concretely, as shown in fig. 4, a slide hole 10 for the vertical line 4 to slide is arranged on the scale plate 2, the slide hole 10 penetrates through the scale plate 2 in the height direction of the scale plate 2, simultaneously, graduations 11 are arranged on the front side of the front hole edge and the rear side of the rear hole edge on the upper surface of the scale plate 2, and the graduations of the two graduations 11 correspond one by one, each graduation 11 comprises a zero graduation line and other integer graduation lines which are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the zero graduation line and the other integer graduation lines which are larger than the zero graduation, the, the plumb bob 5 is aligned with the zero scale mark in the slide hole 10 after passing through the limit hole 9 under the action of gravity, so that the measurement accuracy of the building verticality measuring tool is ensured, and convenience is brought to constructors to record the position of the plumb line 4 on the scale 11 at any time. The upper surface of scale plate 2 and the left side that is located graduation apparatus 1 still are provided with solid fixed ring 7, gu be provided with elasticity stay cord 12 on the fixed ring 7, with connecting rod 3 shrink to the shortest back, can with elasticity stay cord 12 with fixed column 6 fixed connection, at this moment, elasticity stay cord 12 is in the state of tightening to prevent connecting rod 3 extension, be convenient for deposit of this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down, and reduce this building straightness measuring tool that hangs down and receive the probability of damage at complicated construction place.
The utility model discloses a building straightness measuring tool that hangs down is when using, at first with fixed plate 1, scale plate 2 links together and extends to suitable length with connecting rod 3, pass slide opening 10 and spacing hole 9 with plumb line 4, link together through spacing groove 8 and fixed column 6, constructor handheld connecting rod 3 this moment, lean on fixed plate 1 and 2 left end face tops of scale plate on required measurement template, treat the static back of sash weight 5, observe the corresponding position of plumb line 4 on scale 11 and the record, then change fixed plate 1 and 2 tops of scale plate and lean on the position, measure a plurality of places of required measurement template, reduce the error, guarantee to measure the accuracy.
The utility model discloses a building verticality measuring tool comprises a fixed plate, a scale plate and a connecting rod which are integrally formed, only one constructor is needed to operate the building verticality measuring tool, thereby avoiding redundant manpower waste, and the constructor can move the building verticality measuring tool at any time to measure and record different positions of the same template, improving the construction efficiency of the constructor, simultaneously, the plumb line of the plumb hammer passes through a limit hole and a limit groove, so that the plumb line is easier to correspond to a zero scale mark on the scale plate, thereby effectively reducing the system error, the connecting rod is a telescopic rod, the scale plate is provided with a fixed ring, the fixed ring is provided with an elastic pull rope, the fixed plate is provided with a fixed column, when the building verticality measuring tool is not used, the building verticality measuring tool is reduced, the occupation of space is reduced, and the probability of being damaged by a construction site is, and is convenient to carry.
In the embodiment, the scale plate is provided with a fixing ring, and an elastic pull rope is arranged in the fixing ring; in other embodiments, the fixing ring and the elastic cord may not be provided.
In this embodiment, the limiting groove is a V-shaped groove; in other embodiments, the retaining groove can be other shaped grooves, such as an arcuate groove.
In the embodiment, the front side of the front hole edge and the rear side of the rear hole edge on the upper surface of the scale plate are respectively provided with a scale; in other embodiments, the scale can be provided only on the front side of the front porch or only on the back side of the back porch.
In this embodiment, the connecting rod comprises a first telescopic rod section and a second telescopic rod section, both of which comprise five telescopic segments; in other embodiments, the connecting rod can also be a common telescopic rod, i.e. one end is a fixed end, the other end is a connecting rod of a telescopic end, and the diameter of the connecting rod is gradually reduced from the fixed end to the telescopic end, at this time, the fixed end is connected with the fixed plate, and the telescopic end is connected with the scale plate.

Claims (5)

1. Building straightness measuring tool that hangs down, characterized by includes:
the fixing plate is of a cuboid structure, the fixing plate is horizontally arranged, the length direction of the fixing plate is defined as the left-right direction, the width direction is the front-back direction, the height direction is the up-down direction, a limiting groove is formed in the fixing plate, the limiting groove extends along the left-right direction, a limiting hole is formed in the right end of the limiting groove, and the limiting hole penetrates through the fixing plate along the up-down direction;
the scale plate is positioned below the fixed plate and has the same size as the fixed plate, the scale plate and the fixed plate are arranged at intervals in an up-and-down parallel manner, the scale plate is provided with a sliding hole extending along the left-and-right direction, the sliding hole penetrates through the scale plate up and down, a dial gauge extending along the extending direction of the sliding hole is arranged at the position, along which the sliding hole is positioned, of the upper surface of the scale plate, the dial gauge comprises zero scale marks and integer scale marks which are symmetrically distributed on the left side and the right side of the zero scale marks and are larger than the zero scale marks, and the straight line of the zero scale marks intersects with the axis of the limiting;
the connecting rod is a telescopic rod, the top end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the fixed plate, the bottom end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the scale plate, and the connecting positions of the connecting rod and the fixed plate and the connecting positions of the connecting rod and the scale plate are in one-to-one correspondence in the vertical direction so that the left end surfaces of the fixed plate and the scale plate can be simultaneously abutted against the surface of a template to be measured;
the fixing column is arranged on the fixing plate and is positioned at the left end of the limiting groove;
the plumb bob comprises a plumb line and a hanging hammer, wherein one end of the plumb line penetrates through a limiting hole and is connected with the fixed column through a limiting groove, the other end of the plumb line penetrates through a sliding hole and is connected with the hanging hammer, and the hanging hammer is of an inverted cone structure.
2. The building perpendicularity measuring tool as claimed in claim 1, wherein the connecting rod comprises a first telescopic rod section and a second telescopic rod section which are identical, the first telescopic rod section and the second telescopic rod section comprise multiple telescopic sections, the telescopic section with the smallest diameter of the first telescopic rod section and the telescopic section with the smallest diameter of the second telescopic rod section are correspondingly and fixedly connected together, the telescopic section with the largest diameter of the first telescopic rod section is connected with the fixing plate, and the telescopic section with the largest diameter of the second telescopic rod section is fixedly connected with the scale plate.
3. The building verticality measuring tool according to claim 2, wherein the upper surface of the scale plate is provided with a fixing ring, the fixing ring is connected with an elastic pull rope, and the length of the elastic pull rope is enough to be connected with the fixing column when the connecting rod is contracted to the shortest length.
4. A building perpendicularity measuring tool as claimed in any one of claims 1-3, wherein the limiting groove is a V-shaped groove.
5. The building perpendicularity measuring tool according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the hole edge of the sliding hole at the upper surface of the scale plate comprises a front hole edge, a rear hole edge, a left hole edge and a right hole edge, the scales are arranged on the front side of the front hole edge and the rear side of the rear hole edge, and the scale marks of the two scales correspond to each other one by one.
CN202022594866.3U 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 Building verticality measuring tool Active CN213515610U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022594866.3U CN213515610U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 Building verticality measuring tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022594866.3U CN213515610U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 Building verticality measuring tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213515610U true CN213515610U (en) 2021-06-22

Family

ID=76422846

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022594866.3U Active CN213515610U (en) 2020-11-11 2020-11-11 Building verticality measuring tool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213515610U (en)

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