CN213445751U - Building block overhead hoist - Google Patents

Building block overhead hoist Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213445751U
CN213445751U CN202022144203.1U CN202022144203U CN213445751U CN 213445751 U CN213445751 U CN 213445751U CN 202022144203 U CN202022144203 U CN 202022144203U CN 213445751 U CN213445751 U CN 213445751U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lifting
limiting
plate
driving
basket
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CN202022144203.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
边曙光
董艳洁
韩玉柱
王振龙
彭宇
张峰
赵静
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Beijing Construction Engineering Group Bohai Construction Co ltd
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Beijing Construction Engineering Group Bohai Construction Co ltd
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Priority to CN202022144203.1U priority Critical patent/CN213445751U/en
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Abstract

The application relates to a building block lifting device, which belongs to the technical field of construction tools and comprises a bottom plate for placing building blocks and a lifting basket with a lower end opening, wherein the lifting basket is provided with a containing cavity for containing the building blocks, the bottom plate extends into the containing cavity from the lower end opening of the lifting basket, the lifting basket is provided with a limiting device for lifting the bottom plate along with the lifting basket, the limiting device comprises two limiting rods and a driving mechanism for driving the two limiting rods to respectively extend into or extend out of the lower part of the bottom plate from the two opposite sides of the bottom plate, the lifting basket is provided with a guide hole, and the limiting rods penetrate through the guide hole; when the two limiting rods are coaxially arranged, the limiting devices are arranged into at least two groups; when the two limiting rods are arranged in different axial lines, the limiting devices are arranged into at least one group. This application has the working strength who reduces the staff, promotes work efficiency's advantage.

Description

Building block overhead hoist
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of construction tools, in particular to a building block lifting device.
Background
In high-rise buildings constructed in recent years, various concrete blocks are mainly used as wall masonry materials, the self weight of the building can be reduced by building the inner partition wall and the outer wall by the concrete blocks, and the building blocks have excellent heat preservation and sound insulation performance and high construction speed.
However, as the story height of high-rise buildings increases, the handling of the blocks becomes more and more difficult. Under the general condition, the building block of high-rise building is carried by the staff to put things in good order the building block in having an upper end open-ended box to adopt lifting device to the box handling of being equipped with the building block to the assigned position, the staff carries the building block outside the box from the box again, thereby has caused staff's working strength height, and has reduced work efficiency.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the not enough of prior art existence, the purpose of this application is to provide a building block overhead hoist, its advantage that has reduction staff's working strength, promotion work efficiency.
A building block lifting device comprises a bottom plate for placing building blocks and a lifting basket with a lower end opening, wherein the lifting basket is provided with a containing cavity for containing the building blocks, the bottom plate extends into the containing cavity from the lower end opening of the lifting basket, the lifting basket is provided with a limiting device for lifting the bottom plate along with the lifting basket, the limiting device comprises two limiting rods and a driving mechanism for driving the two limiting rods to respectively extend into or extend out of the lower portion of the bottom plate from the two opposite sides of the bottom plate, a guide hole is formed in the lifting basket, and the limiting rods penetrate through the guide hole;
when the two limiting rods are coaxially arranged, the limiting devices are arranged into at least two groups;
when the two limiting rods are arranged in different axial lines, the limiting devices are arranged into at least one group.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the building blocks need to be hoisted, firstly, the building blocks are stacked on the upper surface of the bottom plate, the hoisting basket is sleeved on the building blocks and the bottom plate at the opening position of the lower end of the hoisting basket, and the hoisting basket is abutted against the ground at the opening position of the lower end of the hoisting basket; then, the driving mechanism drives the limiting rod to move until the limiting rod extends into the lower part of the bottom plate; in the lifting process, the bottom plate and the building blocks stacked on the bottom plate are lifted together with the lifting basket due to the fact that the limiting rod limits the bottom plate. When the building block is lifted to a specified position, the lifting basket is placed on the ground, then the driving mechanism drives the transmission rod to move reversely until the limiting rod completely exits the lower part of the bottom plate, namely, the limiting of the limiting rod on the bottom plate is relieved, and the lifting basket is separated through the lifting appliance, namely, the lifting of the building block is completed. Therefore, this application has the working strength who reduces the staff, promotes work efficiency's advantage.
The application is further configured to: the driving mechanism comprises a transmission rod and a driving assembly, the transmission rod is rotatably connected with the lifting basket, the driving assembly drives the transmission rod to rotate, the axis of the transmission rod is parallel to the movement direction of the limiting rods, external threads with opposite spiral directions are arranged at two ends of the transmission rod respectively, driving blocks matched with the two ends of the transmission rod are in threaded connection with the two ends of the transmission rod respectively, and the two driving blocks are fixedly connected with the two limiting rods respectively.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, drive assembly drive transfer line rotates, because two drive blocks are threaded connection respectively in the both ends of transfer line and transfer line both ends external screw thread opposite direction, prevent drive block along with transfer line circumferential direction because the limiting displacement of guiding hole to the gag lever post again, so the transfer line can drive two drive blocks and be close to or keep away from in opposite directions at the rotation in-process.
The application is further configured to: the drive assembly includes a drive motor.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, driving motor provides power for the rotation of transfer line.
The application is further configured to: the driving assembly further comprises a driving bevel gear rotating coaxially with the output shaft of the driving motor and a driven bevel gear rotating coaxially with the transmission rod, and the driving bevel gear is meshed with the driven bevel gear.
By adopting the technical scheme, the driving motor is started, the driving motor drives the driving bevel gear to rotate, the driving bevel gear drives the driven bevel gear to rotate, and the driven bevel gear drives the transmission rod to rotate.
The application is further configured to: the lifting basket is provided with a protective cover for protecting the driving bevel gear and the driven bevel gear, a via hole for allowing the output shaft of the driving motor to pass is formed in the protective cover, and a through hole for allowing the transmission rod to pass is formed in the protective cover.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the safety cover can avoid external large granule material to drop on initiative bevel gear and driven bevel gear to the safety cover can reduce on external dust adheres to initiative bevel gear and driven bevel gear, plays the guard action to the meshing transmission of initiative bevel gear and driven bevel gear.
The application is further configured to: the lower surface of the bottom plate is provided with at least two supporting legs.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the landing leg plays the supporting role to the bottom plate, makes bottom plate and ground interval set up and the bottom plate is located the top of guiding hole to make the gag lever post stretch into or stretch out the below of bottom plate.
The application is further configured to: lifting lugs are arranged at the upper end of the lifting basket.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the lug makes things convenient for being connected of hoist and handling basket.
The application is further configured to: the lifting lugs are arranged in two.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, compare in a lug, two lugs are favorable to building block overhead hoist to keep balance at the handling in-process.
The application is further configured to: the lug is the slope setting, two the lug is close to each other gradually from lower to upper.
By adopting the technical scheme, the lifting lug is inclined, so that the lifting appliance is convenient to be connected with the two lifting lugs
To sum up, the application comprises the following beneficial technical effects:
this application drives the gag lever post through actuating mechanism and follows the orientation motion of seting up of guiding hole, makes the gag lever post stretch into or stretch out the below of bottom plate, even the bottom plate is in limit state or non-limit state. Therefore, this application has the working strength who reduces the staff, promotes work efficiency's advantage.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an overall structure of a first base plate in a limiting state according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an exploded view of a bottom plate in an unrestrained state according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an overall structure of a first base plate in a limiting state according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment of the present application, in which the center lines of two position-limiting rods of a position-limiting device are not in the same straight line and the center lines of the two position-limiting rods are arranged in parallel;
fig. 6 is a schematic overall structure diagram of the second embodiment of the present application.
In the figure, 1, a bottom plate; 11. a support leg; 2. a lifting basket; 21. an accommodating chamber; 22. lifting lugs; 23. a guide hole; 24. a support; 3. a limiting rod; 4. a drive mechanism; 41. a transmission rod; 411. a smooth section; 412. a threaded segment; 42. a drive assembly; 421. a drive motor; 422. a drive bevel gear; 423. a driven bevel gear; 43. a drive block; 431. a threaded through hole; 432. connecting blocks; 5. a protective cover; 51. a via hole; 52. and a through hole.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawings.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1, the block lifting device disclosed in the present application comprises a bottom plate 1 and a lifting basket 2. Bottom plate 1 is the rectangle setting, and the lower surface welding that the upper surface of bottom plate 1 is used for accepting building block and bottom plate 1 has three landing leg 11, and three landing leg 11 arranges along the length direction of bottom plate 1 equidistant. Handling basket 2 is for having the open-ended rectangle frame column structure in lower extreme, and the inside chamber 21 that holds for holding the building block of handling basket 2, and the welding of the upper end opening part of handling basket 2 has two lugs 22 that are the setting of falling V-arrangement, and four extreme points of two lugs 22 weld respectively with four apex points of handling basket 2 upper end open-ended, and two lugs 22 are close to each other from supreme down gradually. The bottom plate 1 extends into the accommodating cavity 21 from the lower end opening of the lifting basket 2.
Referring to fig. 2, the lifting basket 2 is provided with a limiting device for lifting the bottom plate 1 along with the lifting basket 2. The limiting devices are arranged in two groups, the two groups of limiting devices are arranged along the length direction of the lifting basket 2, and the two groups of limiting devices are respectively positioned on two opposite outer side walls of the lifting basket 2. The limiting device comprises two limiting rods 3 and a driving mechanism 4 for driving the limiting rods 3 to respectively extend into or out of the lower part of the bottom plate 1 from two opposite sides of the bottom plate 1.
The limiting rods 3 are arranged in a cuboid shape, the two limiting rods 3 are arranged along the width direction of the lifting basket 2, and the central lines of the two limiting rods 3 are positioned on the same straight line (refer to fig. 4); or the center lines of the two stop rods 3 are not in the same straight line, for example: referring to fig. 5, the center lines of the two stopper rods 3 are not in the same straight line and the center lines of the two stopper rods 3 are arranged in parallel. The two limiting rods 3 of the present embodiment have the same straight line as the center line.
Guide holes 23 are formed in two opposite side walls of the lifting basket 2, the limiting rod 3 penetrates through the guide holes 23, and the guide holes 23 are located below the bottom plate 1 when the bottom plate 1 extends into the accommodating cavity 21.
Referring to fig. 2-3, the driving mechanism 4 includes a transmission rod 41 rotatably connected to the lifting basket 2 and a driving assembly 42 for driving the transmission rod 41 to rotate, the transmission rod 41 and the limiting rod 3 are arranged in parallel, the transmission rod 41 includes a smooth section 411 and two threaded sections 412, the two threaded sections 412 are located at two ends of the smooth section 411, the thread turning directions of the two threaded sections 412 are opposite, two supports 24 are welded on the outer side wall of the lifting basket 2, the two supports 24 are respectively provided with a rotating hole, the smooth section 411 of the transmission rod 41 is inserted into the two rotating holes, and the transmission rod 41 is rotatably connected with the two supports 24; the two threaded sections 412 of the transmission rod 41 are respectively in threaded connection with a driving block 43, the driving block 43 is provided with a threaded through hole 431, the driving block 43 and the limiting rod 3 are fixedly connected together through a connecting block 432, and the driving block 43, the connecting block 432 and the limiting rod 3 are integrally formed. The driving mechanism 4 comprises a driving motor 421 mounted on the outer side wall of the lifting basket 2, an output shaft of the driving motor 421 is perpendicular to the transmission rod 41, a driving bevel gear 422 coaxially rotating with the output shaft of the driving motor 421 is fixedly arranged on the output shaft of the driving motor 421, a driven bevel gear 423 coaxially rotating with the transmission rod 41 is fixedly arranged on the smooth section 411 of the transmission rod 41, and the driving bevel gear 422 is meshed with the driven bevel gear 423.
The limiting rods 3 of the two groups of limiting devices are respectively positioned at two sides of the gravity center of the bottom plate 1.
The welding has the protection cover 5 of protection drive bevel gear 422 and driven bevel gear 423 on the handling basket 2, and protection cover 5 is for having one end open-ended rectangle chamber, and the opening part of protection cover 5 welds on the lateral wall of handling basket 2, and sets up the via hole 51 that supplies driving motor 421 output shaft to pass on the protection cover 5, sets up the through-hole 52 that supplies transfer line 41 to pass on the protection cover 5. An output shaft of the driving motor 421 passes through a through hole 51 on the protective cover 5 to be coaxially and fixedly connected with the driving bevel gear 422, and the transmission rod 41 passes through a through hole on the protective cover 5 to be coaxially and fixedly connected with the driven bevel gear 423.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows:
when the building blocks need to be lifted, firstly, the bottom plate 1 is placed on the ground, the building blocks are stacked on the upper surface of the bottom plate 1 due to the existence of the supporting legs 11, the bottom plate 1 and the ground are arranged at intervals, the lifting basket 2 is sleeved on the building blocks and the bottom plate 1 at the opening position of the lower end of the lifting basket 2, and the lifting basket 2 abuts against the ground at the opening position of the lower end of the lifting basket 2; then, the driving motor 421 is started, the driving motor 421 drives the driving bevel gear 422 to rotate, the driving bevel gear 422 drives the driven bevel gear 423 to rotate, the driven bevel gear 423 drives the transmission rod 41 to rotate, and the transmission rod 41 drives the driving block 43 and the limiting rod 3 to displace along the axial direction of the transmission rod 41 due to the guiding and limiting effect of the guide hole 23 on the limiting rod 3 and the driving block 43 in the rotating process until the limiting rod 3 extends to the lower part of the bottom plate 1; and finally, connecting the lifting appliance with the lifting lugs 22, starting the lifting appliance to lift the lifting basket 2, and lifting the bottom plate 1 and the building blocks stacked on the bottom plate 1 together with the lifting basket 2 in the lifting process because the limiting rods 3 limit the bottom plate 1.
When the building block is hoisted to a specified position, the hoisting basket 2 is placed on the ground, the limiting rod 3 and the bottom plate 1 are arranged at intervals, the limiting rod 3 is free from acting force applied by the bottom plate 1 at the moment, then the driving motor 421 is started to rotate reversely, the driving block 43 drives the limiting rod 3 to move reversely along the axial direction of the transmission rod 41 until the limiting rod 3 completely exits the lower part of the bottom plate 1, the limitation of the limiting rod 3 on the bottom plate 1 is relieved, the hoisting basket 2 is separated through the lifting appliance, and the hoisting of the building block is completed.
Example two
Referring to fig. 6, for the building block overhead hoist disclosed in this application, the difference between the second embodiment and the first embodiment is that the limiting devices in the second embodiment are set as a group, and the limiting devices are installed on the outer side wall of the lifting basket 2, two limiting rods 3 in the limiting devices are arranged in different axes, and the two limiting rods 3 in the limiting devices are respectively located at two sides of the center of gravity of the bottom plate 1.
The implementation principle of this embodiment is the same as that of the first embodiment, and is not described in detail.
The embodiments of the present invention are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the scope of protection of the present application is not limited by the embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. A building block lifting device comprises a bottom plate (1) used for placing building blocks and a lifting basket (2) with an opening at the lower end, wherein the lifting basket (2) is provided with a containing cavity (21) used for containing the building blocks, the bottom plate (1) extends into the containing cavity (21) from the opening at the lower end of the lifting basket (2), the lifting device is characterized in that the lifting basket (2) is provided with a limiting device which enables the bottom plate (1) to be lifted along with the lifting basket (2), the limiting device comprises two limiting rods (3) and a driving mechanism (4) which drives the two limiting rods (3) to respectively extend into or extend out of the lower portion of the bottom plate (1) from the two opposite sides of the bottom plate (1), a guide hole (23) is formed in the lifting basket (2), and the limiting rods (3) penetrate through the guide hole (23);
when the two limiting rods (3) are arranged on the same central line, the limiting devices are arranged into at least two groups;
when the two limiting rods (3) are arranged at different central lines, the limiting devices are arranged into at least one group.
2. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the driving mechanism (4) comprises a transmission rod (41) and a driving rod, wherein the transmission rod (41) is rotatably connected with the lifting basket (2) and drives the transmission rod (41) to rotate, the axis of the transmission rod (41) is parallel to the moving direction of the limiting rod (3), external threads with opposite spiral directions are arranged at two ends of the transmission rod (41) respectively, two ends of the transmission rod (41) are respectively in threaded connection with driving blocks (43) in a matched mode, and the driving blocks (43) are fixedly connected with the two limiting rods (3) respectively.
3. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the drive assembly (42) includes a drive motor (421).
4. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the driving assembly (42) further comprises a driving bevel gear (422) rotating coaxially with the output shaft of the driving motor (421) and a driven bevel gear (423) rotating coaxially with the transmission rod (41), and the driving bevel gear (422) is meshed with the driven bevel gear (423).
5. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 4, wherein: be provided with on handling basket (2) and be used for the protection drive bevel gear (422) with safety cover (5) of driven bevel gear (423), be equipped with the confession on safety cover (5) via hole (51) that driving motor (421) output shaft passed, be equipped with the confession on safety cover (5) through-hole (52) that transfer line (41) passed.
6. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lower surface of the bottom plate (1) is provided with at least two support legs (11).
7. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein: lifting lugs (22) are arranged at the upper end of the lifting basket (2).
8. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the lifting lugs (22) are arranged in two.
9. A block handling apparatus as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the lifting lugs (22) are obliquely arranged, and the two lifting lugs (22) are gradually close to each other from bottom to top.
CN202022144203.1U 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 Building block overhead hoist Active CN213445751U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022144203.1U CN213445751U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 Building block overhead hoist

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022144203.1U CN213445751U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 Building block overhead hoist

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213445751U true CN213445751U (en) 2021-06-15

Family

ID=76281782

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022144203.1U Active CN213445751U (en) 2020-09-25 2020-09-25 Building block overhead hoist

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213445751U (en)

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