CN213414414U - Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device - Google Patents

Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213414414U
CN213414414U CN202022203728.8U CN202022203728U CN213414414U CN 213414414 U CN213414414 U CN 213414414U CN 202022203728 U CN202022203728 U CN 202022203728U CN 213414414 U CN213414414 U CN 213414414U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
grouping
conveying line
line
brick
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Application number
CN202022203728.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫红星
郝祥鹏
李华桥
孔海燕
李红军
黄敏
于吉磊
杨航航
李恒利
时红亮
丁向飞
李守萍
赵彦波
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Luoyang Zhongye Building Material Equipment Co ltd
Luoyang Zhongye Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Luoyang Zhongye Building Material Equipment Co ltd
Luoyang Zhongye Heavy Industry Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202022203728.8U priority Critical patent/CN213414414U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device, which is arranged at one side of a grouping and packaging production line and comprises an identification system, a sorting clamp, a brick collecting conveying line, a sorting and grouping conveying line and a brick separating platform; with the apparatus, it is possible to identify a damaged product on a main organizing line in a grouping packaging line through an identification system and to transmit position information of the damaged product to a controller of a sorting jig which clamps a product group containing the damaged product off the main organizing line and discards the damaged product in a designated area, and puts the remaining intact product on a brick collecting line, and regrouped by the brick collecting line and the sorting grouping line. The utility model discloses not only can solve aerated concrete product letter sorting and need occupy a large amount of artificial problems, be difficult for causing the new damage of fragment of brick moreover, can satisfy the needs of production line continuous operation, automatic marshalling and packing.

Description

Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to aerated concrete product production facility field, concretely relates to aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device.
Background
The existing aerated concrete product packaging generally adopts a mode of integrally packaging after being taken out of a kettle, and does not disassemble and sort the aerated concrete product, so that the damaged product exists in the product piled bricks transported to the site. In order to sort out the damaged products, the aerated concrete products must be decomposed into single-layer green bodies, sorted, grouped and stacked, so that the grouped aerated concrete products after being sorted become an important component of the sorted and packaged aerated concrete products.
In the prior art, generally, the broken products are manually picked out, and because a single product is heavy and has adhesion condition occasionally, the production line needs to stop running, the workload of workers is very large, the labor intensity is high, the bricks are broken, and the picking efficiency is low. When the number of damaged products is large, the continuous operation of the production line is affected, and the production cost is increased.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device on original marshalling packaging production line basis, sets up the device of marshalling again after sorting damaged goods, recycles original pile up neatly device and carries out the pile up neatly. The device not only can solve aerated concrete product letter sorting and need occupy a large amount of artificial problems, is difficult for causing the new damage of fragment of brick moreover, can satisfy the needs of production line continuous operation, automatic marshalling and packing.
In order to realize the purpose, the utility model discloses the technical scheme who adopts is: the aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device is arranged on one side of a grouping and packaging production line and comprises an identification system, a sorting clamp, a brick collecting conveying line, a sorting and grouping conveying line and a brick distributing platform, wherein the identification system is arranged on a main grouping conveying line of the grouping and packaging production line and used for identifying damaged products on the main grouping conveying line in the grouping and packaging production line and sending position information of the damaged products in the grouping to a controller of the sorting clamp; the sorting jig is used for picking up the whole group of products containing the damaged products and throwing the damaged products to a designated area, and putting the remaining intact products on a brick collecting conveying line, and the brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line are matched to group the intact products.
The brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line are connected in a front-back mode according to the conveying direction of aerated concrete products and are parallel to the main grouping conveying line, and the tail end of the sorting and grouping conveying line is arranged in the working range of the stacking device.
The brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and marshalling conveying line are respectively provided with independent power.
The sorting clamp comprises a mounting support, a plurality of groups of clamping piece groups capable of being controlled independently and a driving mechanism for controlling the opening and closing of each group of clamping piece groups.
The brick separating platform is arranged on one side of the sorting and grouping conveying line and is located in the working range of the stacking device, and the brick separating platform is used for reserving forklift holes in product groups.
The utility model has the advantages that: first, the utility model discloses an identification system, letter sorting anchor clamps, the collection brick transfer chain, letter sorting marshalling transfer chain, divide the cooperation of brick platform, can be keeping original marshalling packaging production line in-process of carrying in succession, will have damaged goods to sort out, and marshalling and pile up neatly again with remaining intact goods, whole process does not influence the normal operating of original main group's transfer chain of marshalling, can satisfy aerated concrete product letter sorting, marshalling, the continuous automated production's of stack requirement, the device that uses also can not change the overall arrangement of existing equipment, therefore the repacking of especially adapted existing production line.
Second, the utility model discloses in sort anchor clamps have included the clamping piece group that the multiunit can independently move and have constituteed, every group clamping piece group corresponds one row of goods, just so can the corresponding clamping piece group action of accurate control, will contain that one row of goods of damaged goods and loosen and lose in appointed region, do not influence the clamp of other clamping piece group to goods to sort anchor clamps and put the intact goods of surplus back on the brick conveying line that gathers, just can marshal the group again to these goods.
Third, the utility model discloses a divide brick platform just can reserve out the fork truck hole in the in-process units through the rectilinear movement who promotes the fly leaf, simple structure, convenient operation, easy to maintain.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic layout view of the original marshalling and packaging production line of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of the sorting clamp of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the sorting clamp of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the brick collecting conveying line of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the brick separating platform of the present invention;
the labels in the figure are: the automatic sorting and conveying system comprises an I-sorting clamp, an II-main grouping conveying line, an III-packing conveying line, an IV-brick collecting conveying line, a V-sorting grouping conveying line, a VI-brick dividing platform and a VII-stacking device.
1.1-frame, 1.2-chain conveying mechanism, 1.3-motor reducer; 2.1-a brick separating platform frame, 2.2-a double-output-shaft speed reducing motor, 2.3-a sliding block, 2.4-a ball screw, 2.5-a nut, 2.6-a fixed plate and 2.7-a movable plate; 3.1-mounting support, 3.2-clamping piece group, 3.3-cylinder and 3.4-product group.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, but not to be construed as limiting the present invention in any way.
Referring to the attached drawings, the aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device comprises an identification system, a sorting clamp I, a brick collecting conveying line IV, a sorting and grouping conveying line V and a brick distributing platform VI, wherein the identification system is arranged on a main grouping conveying line II of a grouping assembly production line and is used for identifying damaged products on the main grouping conveying line II; the brick collecting conveying line IV and the sorting and grouping conveying line V are connected back and forth according to the conveying direction of a product and are parallel to the main grouping conveying line II; the sorting clamp I is provided with a plurality of clamping piece groups 3.2 capable of independently acting, and a controller of the sorting clamp I can control the corresponding clamping piece groups 3.2 to loosen according to the recognition result of the recognition system so as to discard the damaged product; the brick distributing platform VI is arranged on one side of the sorting, grouping and conveying line V and is located in the working range of the stacking device VII, and the brick distributing platform VI is used for reserving forklift holes in product groups.
The identification system comprises cameras and identification components, the cameras are installed on two sides of the main grouping conveying line II, pictures or videos are taken or recorded from two sides and the upper portion of a product group on the conveying line, collected picture information or video information is sent to the identification components, the identification components identify damaged products and position information of the damaged products in the product group and send the position information to the PLC of the sorting clamp I, the sorting clamp I grabs out the product group where the damaged products are located according to the position information, the clamping piece group corresponding to the position of the damaged products is loosened to discard the damaged products, and other intact products are sent to the brick collecting conveying line IV by the sorting clamp I. The part of the identification system belongs to common equipment in the industrial field, and therefore, the identification system can be purchased from the market.
The structure of letter sorting anchor clamps I is shown in fig. 2, 3, including installing support 3.1, multiunit clamping piece group 3.2 and the actuating mechanism that every group clamping piece group opened and shut of control, every group clamping piece group 3.2 includes two movable mounting and is in clamping piece on the installing support 3.1, every group clamping piece group 3.2 corresponds and sets up one actuating mechanism. The driving mechanism is preferably a mechanism which can realize linear telescopic action, such as an air cylinder 3.3, an oil cylinder, an electric push rod and the like, and two ends of the driving mechanism which can move relatively are respectively fixed on two clamping sheets of one group of clamping sheet groups 3.2. As shown in fig. 3, in this embodiment, the cylinders 3.3 are used as the driving mechanisms, and when the cylinders 3.3 are installed, the directions of the adjacent cylinders 3.3 are opposite, so that the distance between the cylinders 3.3 can be reduced, and the volume of the sorting fixture can be reduced, therefore, when other driving mechanisms are used, the cylinders can also be installed in opposite directions, and the gap between the two driving devices can be reduced. In fig. 2, two groups of clamping pieces 3.2 clamp a row of products, when the size and weight of the products are small, only one group of clamping pieces 3.2 is needed for a row of products, and if the products are larger, a plurality of groups of clamping pieces 3.2 are needed to clamp a row of products together, so that the clamping pieces can be selected according to actual conditions.
The mounting bracket 3.1 of the sorting clamp I is mounted on a mechanical arm, and the mechanical arm controls the sorting clamp I to move.
The structure of the brick collecting conveying line IV is shown in fig. 4 and comprises a frame 1.1, a chain type conveying mechanism 1.2 and a motor speed reducer 1.3. The chain conveyor 1.2 is mounted on the upper part of the frame 1.1 by means of a bearing with a seat, and the product is conveyed by means of the upper surface of the chain. The motor speed reducer 1.3 is installed inside the frame 1.1 and fixed on the frame 1.1 through bolts. The motor reducer 1.3 is connected with the chain type conveying framework 1.2 through chain transmission to transmit power. The chain type conveying mechanism 1.2 continuously conveys the products to one end, and after the sorting, grouping and conveying line V stops running and blocks the products, gaps formed among the products due to the fact that damaged products are sorted out can be eliminated.
The whole structure of the sorting and marshalling conveying line V is similar to that of the brick collecting conveying line IV, and the difference is that the driven end of the sorting and marshalling conveying line V is connected with the transmission shaft of the brick collecting conveying line IV, namely, the driven wheel at the driven end of the sorting and marshalling conveying line V is used as an idler wheel and a driving wheel on the transmission shaft of the brick collecting conveying line IV and is installed in a crossed mode, so that when the brick collecting conveying line IV operates, the driven wheel on the sorting and marshalling conveying line V cannot rotate along with the idler wheel, namely, the brick collecting conveying line IV and the sorting and marshalling conveying line V operate independently, and an. On the basis, the brick collecting conveying line IV and the sorting and grouping conveying line V can be matched through starting and stopping, and sorted products are grouped again according to requirements. And the outlet end of the sorting and grouping conveying line V is positioned in the working range of the stacking device VII, and the stacking device VII grabs the grouped products onto the packing conveying line III to wait for packing.
The brick separating platform VI comprises a brick separating platform frame 2.1, a fixed plate 2.6, a movable plate 2.7 and a linear driving mechanism, wherein the fixed plate 2.6 and the movable plate 2.7 are used for supporting a placed product group, and the linear driving mechanism is used for driving the movable plate 2.7 to linearly move relative to the fixed plate 2.6. The fixed plate 2.6 is fixed in the middle of the brick separating platform frame 2.1, two movable plates 2.7 are arranged and are respectively positioned on two sides of the fixed plate 2.6, and the surfaces of the movable plates 2.7 and the fixed plate 2.6 are parallel and level. The linear driving mechanism comprises a double-output-shaft speed reducing motor 2.2 and two ball screws 2.4, the thread turning directions of the two ball screws 2.4 are opposite, and a nut 2.5 on each thread screw 2.4 is connected with one movable plate 2.7 through one connecting piece. Preferably, the bottom of the movable plate 2.7 is further provided with a sliding block 2.3, and correspondingly, the brick dividing platform frame 2.1 is provided with a rail for the sliding block 2.3 to slide, so that the movable guide of the movable plate 2.7 can be realized, the movable plate 2.7 can be supported, and the sliding friction force can be reduced.
The method for sorting and grouping the aerated concrete products by adopting the sorting and grouping device comprises the following steps:
step one, in the running process of a main grouping conveying line in a grouping assembly production line, identifying damaged products on the main grouping conveying line by using an identification system, clamping a group of products including the damaged products by a sorting clamp and leaving the main grouping conveying line, loosening a clamping piece group corresponding to the damaged products in the sorting clamp, throwing the damaged products to a designated area, and then placing the remaining intact products on a brick collecting conveying line on one side of the main grouping conveying line by the sorting clamp;
secondly, the brick collecting conveying line conveys the products to a sorting and grouping conveying line, and the brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line are matched in starting and stopping to eliminate gaps among the products and group the products;
and step three, clamping the product groups on the sorting and grouping conveying line by the stacking device, placing the product groups on the packing conveying line for packing, or placing the clamped product groups on the brick distributing platform by the stacking device, and reserving forklift holes in the product groups by the brick distributing platform.
The above embodiments are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention and not to limit the same, and it should be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that the embodiments of the present invention can be modified or replaced with equivalents with reference to the above embodiments, and any modifications or equivalent substitutions that do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention are all within the scope of the claims of the present application.

Claims (5)

1. The aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device is arranged on one side of a grouping and packaging production line and is characterized by comprising an identification system, a sorting clamp, a brick collecting conveying line and a sorting and grouping conveying line, wherein the identification system is arranged on a main grouping conveying line of the grouping and packaging production line and used for identifying damaged products on the main grouping conveying line in the grouping and packaging production line and sending position information of the damaged products in the grouping to a controller of the sorting clamp, the sorting clamp is used for picking up the whole group of products containing the damaged products and throwing the damaged products to a specified area and placing the remaining intact products on the brick collecting conveying line, and the brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line cooperate to group the intact products.
2. The aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device according to claim 1, wherein the brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line are connected in series in the aerated concrete product conveying direction and are parallel to the main grouping conveying line, and the tail end of the sorting and grouping conveying line is arranged in the working range of the stacking device.
3. The aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device according to claim 2, wherein the brick collecting conveying line and the sorting and grouping conveying line are respectively provided with independent power.
4. The aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device of claim 1, wherein the sorting clamp comprises a mounting bracket, a plurality of independently controllable clamping piece groups and a driving mechanism for controlling the opening and closing of each clamping piece group.
5. The aerated concrete product sorting and grouping device according to claim 1, further comprising a brick dividing platform arranged on one side of the sorting and grouping conveying line and located in an operating range of the stacking device, wherein the brick dividing platform is used for reserving forklift holes in the product groups.
CN202022203728.8U 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device Active CN213414414U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022203728.8U CN213414414U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022203728.8U CN213414414U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213414414U true CN213414414U (en) 2021-06-11

Family

ID=76265480

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022203728.8U Active CN213414414U (en) 2020-09-30 2020-09-30 Aerated concrete product letter sorting marshalling device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213414414U (en)

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