CN213246042U - Vine class fruit vegetables planting device - Google Patents

Vine class fruit vegetables planting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213246042U
CN213246042U CN202022173484.3U CN202022173484U CN213246042U CN 213246042 U CN213246042 U CN 213246042U CN 202022173484 U CN202022173484 U CN 202022173484U CN 213246042 U CN213246042 U CN 213246042U
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China
Prior art keywords
barrel
planting
supporting
lifting
vine
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CN202022173484.3U
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Inventor
陈丹艳
王长义
李沛喆
李世龙
黄舒蕾
徐敏
夏重立
郝振萍
金潇潇
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Jinling Institute of Technology
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Jinling Institute of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a vine fruit and vegetable planting device, which comprises a lifting planting barrel, a supporting barrel and a vine hanging net disc; the lifting planting barrel and the supporting barrel are both provided with openings at the top ends, and the lifting planting barrel is positioned inside the supporting barrel and can move up and down inside the supporting barrel; the vine hanging net disc is positioned above the supporting barrel and is supported by an internal supporting rod positioned on the barrel wall of the supporting barrel; a group of lifting control rods are fixed on the outer wall of the lifting planting barrel, and a penetrating lifting control groove is correspondingly formed in the barrel wall of the supporting barrel; the lifting control groove comprises a vertical groove and a group of transverse grooves which are communicated with the vertical groove and are arranged up and down in sequence; the lifting control rods are respectively clamped in the corresponding lifting control grooves and can freely move in the vertical grooves and the transverse grooves, so that the height of the lifting planting barrel in the supporting barrel is adjusted; a central rod is arranged in the supporting barrel; the bottom of the central rod is fixed in the center of the bottom of the supporting barrel and upwards penetrates through the lifting planting barrel and the vine hanging net disc in sequence.

Description

Vine class fruit vegetables planting device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the farming field relates to fruit vegetables planting equipment, specifically is a climing class fruit vegetables planting device of vine.
Background
The vine fruit and vegetable crops can grow normally only by winding the objects to climb upwards, the growth depends on the support of the shed frame, and if the shed frame is not built, the ventilation, light transmission and sunshine are influenced, and the normal growth of the crops is influenced. Generally, the cultivation method is divided into a trellis cultivation mode and a single-line hedge cultivation mode. The shed room has various shapes, such as a horizontal frame, a fence frame and a similar man-shaped door. The materials of the building frame are bamboo, wood bar, iron pipe, cement column and the like. The fence shed frame and the bamboo-wood shed frame are low in construction cost, but are not suitable for being used in areas possibly affected by typhoons, all supports can be destroyed due to the arrival of the typhoons, the loss of an orchard is large, and the trees cannot be collected, even the trees cannot be collected.
The vine fruit and vegetable leaves mainly planted in the flat shed form a shed on the top. Under the shed, fruits are not irradiated by sunlight on the ground, so that the fruits are white, soft, bad in taste and low in sweetness, and in addition, the ground is moist, so that the bacteria breeding and the diseases are increased, the pesticide consumption is increased, the safety is high, and the yield per mu is low. After the main vines are planted and survived, the main vines need to be attracted to be put on shelves, and when the main vines climb onto the shelves, the lateral vines are left to grow averagely in the four directions. And redundant dense branches, weak branches and insect-disease branches are cut off in time. Therefore, most of the current planting modes are mainly vertical curtain shelving. However, the vertical curtain scaffolding is mainly planted outdoors and is not beneficial to planting in a greenhouse or on a balcony. In the greenhouse, due to the limitation of ventilation and sunlight irradiation, the crops grow unevenly after the vertical curtains are built, so that the results of large quality difference, yield reduction and the like are caused. In addition, vine fruits and vegetables generally like a wet environment, but are particularly afraid of water accumulation and drought, and root rot and the like are caused by the fact that water cannot be drained in time during planting.
People are more and more like to plant plants by using balconies at present, and particularly, fruits and vegetables are more and more popular. However, fruits and vegetables are planted on a balcony, commonly used vegetable or flower pots are generally used, no frame is provided, and branches and tendrils of crops need to be directly lapped on an anti-theft window of the balcony or the like, or simply inserted with rods in the pots. Not only can the crop grow well, can not obtain the fruit, still lead to the balcony to be blocked sunshine by the branch and tendril of crop, be unfavorable for other potted plant growth, still can make daily life receive the influence, if the clothes can not shine sun etc. the balcony corner mouldy spot or bacterial microorganism breed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that to prior art not enough, provide one kind and can carry out altitude mixture control's planting device along with tendril class fruit vegetables crop growth overall process.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a vine fruit and vegetable planting device comprises a lifting planting barrel, a supporting barrel and a vine hanging net disc;
the lifting planting barrel and the supporting barrel are both provided with openings at the top ends, and the lifting planting barrel is positioned inside the supporting barrel and can move up and down inside the supporting barrel;
the rattan hanging net disc is positioned above the supporting barrel and is supported by an internal supporting rod positioned on the barrel wall of the supporting barrel;
a group of lifting control rods are fixed on the outer wall of the lifting planting barrel, and a penetrating lifting control groove is correspondingly formed in the barrel wall of the supporting barrel; the lifting control groove comprises a longitudinal vertical groove and a group of transverse grooves which are communicated with the vertical groove and are sequentially arranged up and down; the lifting control rods are respectively clamped in the corresponding lifting control grooves and can freely move in the vertical grooves and the transverse grooves, so that the height of the lifting planting barrel in the supporting barrel is adjusted;
a central rod is arranged in the supporting barrel; the bottom of the central rod is fixed in the center of the bottom of the supporting barrel and upwards penetrates through the lifting planting barrel and the vine hanging net disc in sequence.
Further, evenly be provided with hemispherical supporter on the inner wall of support bucket, it is located the top in lift control groove, and the outer end contacts with the inner wall of going up and down to plant the bucket, utilizes hemispherical supporter to guarantee to go up and down to plant the stability of bucket at the lift in-process.
Furthermore, the bottom of the supporting barrel is provided with universal wheels and a spring, one end of the spring is fixed inside the supporting barrel, and the other end of the spring is fixed at the bottom of the lifting planting barrel; one side of the bottom of the supporting barrel is provided with a drain hole.
Furthermore, the barrel wall of the supporting barrel is provided with an outward extending rod, and the outer end of the extending rod is connected with and supported by an external supporting rod outside the vine hanging net disk through a fixing bayonet.
Preferably, the inner support rods comprise a low inner support rod and a high inner support rod which can be extended and are respectively supported at two sides of the rattan net tray, and the outer support rods comprise a low outer support rod and a high outer support rod which can be extended and are respectively supported at two sides of the rattan net tray, so that two sides of the rattan net tray form an inclined state with different heights.
Specifically, the rattan net plate comprises an external circular frame and an irregular net drawn in the circular frame; the center of the irregular net is provided with a bayonet of a center rod for the center rod to pass through, and the periphery of the irregular net is provided with an inner connecting buckle corresponding to the inner support rod and an outer connecting buckle corresponding to the outer support rod.
Preferably, the low inner supporting rod, the high inner supporting rod, the low outer supporting rod and the high outer supporting rod are telescopic rods, or the top ends of the telescopic rods can be extended by increasing extension sections in a clamping manner.
Specifically, a through hole for the central rod to pass through is reserved in the center of the bottom of the planting barrel of the lifting planting barrel, and meshes are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the planting barrel.
Has the advantages that:
the vine fruit and vegetable planting device can be used for planting vine fruit and vegetable crops such as passion fruit, grape, kiwi fruit, cucumber, tomato and the like, and can adjust the height of the upper shed frame according to the growth process of the vine fruit and vegetable to fully utilize photo-heat and achieve the yield increase target; simultaneously, plant the bucket through going up and down and support the bilayer structure of bucket, can make liquid manure cyclic utilization, promote liquid manure utilization efficiency.
Drawings
These and/or other advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description of the present invention when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the vine fruit and vegetable planting device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a lifting control groove of the vine fruit and vegetable planting device.
Fig. 3 is a schematic top view structure diagram of the vine fruit and vegetable planting device.
Fig. 4 is a top view of the vine hanging net plate of the vine fruit and vegetable planting device.
Fig. 5 is a top view of the planting barrel bottom of the vine fruit and vegetable planting device.
Wherein each reference numeral represents: 1, lifting a planting barrel; 11, planting the barrel bottom of the barrel; 12 lifting control rods; 13 a through hole; 14 meshes; 2 supporting the barrel; 21 lifting control groove; 22 a vertical slot; 23 transverse grooves; 24 drain holes; 3 hanging a rattan net disc; 31 a circular frame; 32 irregular net hanging; 33, a central rod bayonet; 34 internal connection buckles; 35 externally connecting buckles; 4, a central rod; 51 low inner support bar; 52 high inner support bar; 6, supporting the body; 7 universal wheels; 8, a spring; 9 extending the extension rod; 91 lower outer struts; 92 higher than the outer struts.
Detailed Description
The invention will be better understood from the following examples.
The drawings in the specification show the structure, ratio, size, etc. only for the purpose of matching with the content disclosed in the specification, so as to be known and read by those skilled in the art, and not for the purpose of limiting the present invention, so the present invention does not have the essential meaning in the art, and any structure modification, ratio relationship change or size adjustment should still fall within the scope covered by the technical content disclosed in the present invention without affecting the function and achievable purpose of the present invention. Meanwhile, the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "middle", and the like used in the present specification are for the sake of clarity only, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and changes or adjustments of the relative relationship thereof are also considered to be the scope of the present invention without substantial changes in the technical content.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the vine fruit and vegetable planting device mainly comprises a lifting planting barrel 1, a supporting barrel 2 and a vine hanging net disk 3.
Wherein, go up and down to plant bucket 1 and support the equal top end opening of bucket 2, go up and down to plant bucket 1 and be located the inside of supporting bucket 2, and can reciprocate in the inside of supporting bucket 2.
Hang rattan net dish 3 and be located the top that supports bucket 2, support through being located the inside bracing piece on supporting bucket 2 barrel wall.
A group of lifting control rods 12 are fixed on the outer wall of the lifting planting barrel 1, and a penetrating lifting control groove 21 is correspondingly formed in the barrel wall of the supporting barrel 2; the lifting control groove 21 comprises a longitudinal vertical groove 22 and a group of transverse grooves 23 which are communicated with the vertical groove and are arranged in sequence from top to bottom; the lifting control rods 12 are respectively clamped in the corresponding lifting control grooves 21 and can freely move in the vertical grooves 22 and the transverse grooves 23, so that the height of the lifting planting barrel 1 in the supporting barrel 2 can be adjusted.
A central rod 4 is arranged in the supporting barrel 2; the bottom of the central rod 4 is fixed at the center of the bottom of the supporting barrel 2 and upwards penetrates through the lifting planting barrel 1 and the vine hanging net disc 3 in sequence, and the central rod 4 is mainly used for climbing bodies of crops in early period.
Evenly be provided with hemispherical supporter 6 on the inner wall of support bucket 2, it is located the top of lift control groove 21, and the outer end contacts with the inner wall of going up and down to plant bucket 1, utilizes hemispherical supporter 6 to guarantee to go up and down to plant bucket 1 at the stability of lift in-process.
The universal wheel 7 and the spring 8 are arranged at the bottom of the supporting barrel 2, one end of the spring 8 is fixed in the supporting barrel 2, and the other end of the spring 8 is fixed at the bottom of the lifting planting barrel 1; a drainage hole 24 is arranged at one side of the bottom of the supporting barrel 2. The lifting planting barrel 1 is internally provided with planting matrix and is used for replenishing water and fertilizer in time, and the surplus water and fertilizer can be leaked to the supporting barrel 2 below from the bottom 11 of the planting barrel and then discharged through the drain hole 24 for collection and cyclic utilization.
In order to strengthen the support of the upper rattan net hanging plate 3, an outward extending extension rod 9 is arranged on the wall of the support barrel 2, and the outer end of the extension rod 9 is connected with and supported by an external support rod outside the rattan net hanging plate 3 through a fixing bayonet 93.
The inner support rods comprise a low inner support rod 51 and a high inner support rod 52 which can be extended and are respectively supported at two sides of the vine hanging net disk 3, and the outer support rods comprise a low outer support rod 91 and a high outer support rod 92 which can be extended and are respectively supported at two sides of the vine hanging net disk 3, so that two sides of the vine hanging net disk 3 form an inclined state with different heights. The low inner support rod 51, the high inner support rod 52, the low outer support rod 91 and the high outer support rod 92 are telescopic rods, or the top ends can be extended by increasing extension sections in a clamping mode.
The rattan net tray 3 comprises an outer circular frame 31 and an irregular hanging net 32 drawn in the circular frame 31; the irregular net 32 is provided with a central rod bayonet 33 at the center for the central rod 4 to pass through, and is provided with an inner buckle 34 and an outer buckle 35 at the periphery, wherein the inner buckle 34 corresponds to the inner support rod and the outer buckle corresponds to the outer support rod respectively.
A through hole 13 for the central rod 4 to pass through is reserved in the center of the planting barrel bottom 11 of the lifting planting barrel 1, and meshes 14 are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the planting barrel, so that the downward leakage of redundant liquid manure is facilitated, and root rot of crops caused by excessive moisture is avoided.
In the vine fruit and vegetable planting device, the diameter of the vine hanging net plate 3 is about 60 cm. The supporting barrel 2 is 50cm high, the diameter of the outer section is 45cm, and the inner diameter is 40 cm. The height of the lifting planting barrel 1 is 40cm, the outer diameter is 38cm, and the inner diameter is 36 cm. The shortest distance between the lifting planting bucket 1 and the bottom of the supporting bucket 2 is 5cm, and the height of the lifting control groove 21 is about 10 cm. The distance between the low inner support rod 51 and the high inner support rod 52 is about 10cm, and the length of the central rod 4 is 80 cm.
Cuttage planting is carried out in a greenhouse of a gardening station of Jinling science and technology institute in 2019 spring. And managing according to a conventional planting mode. The lifting planting barrel is improved through the lifting control rod when the flower is about to bloom in 6 months, and meanwhile, the height of the vine hanging disc is integrally improved by utilizing the extension connecting rod piece. The passion fruit planted by the device is rotated according to the solar track, and the sunlight is fully received. Meanwhile, the greenhouse is pushed to the outside of the greenhouse in cloudy days to receive light. Because the substrate can not contain moisture, the excessive moisture flows into the supporting barrel below for preservation. By fully utilizing sunlight, the yield of the passion fruit is increased by about 10 percent compared with the yield of the common potted plant, water is saved by 10 to 20 percent, and the utilization rate of nitrogen fertilizer is improved by about 10 percent.
The utility model provides a thinking and method of climing class fruit vegetables planting device specifically realize that this technical scheme's method and approach are many, above only the utility model discloses a preferred embodiment should point out, to this technical field's ordinary technical personnel, is not deviating from the utility model discloses under the prerequisite of principle, can also make a plurality of improvements and moist decorations, these improvements should also be regarded as with moist decorations the utility model discloses a protection scope. All the components not specified in the present embodiment can be realized by the prior art.

Claims (8)

1. A vine fruit and vegetable planting device is characterized by comprising a lifting planting barrel (1), a supporting barrel (2) and a vine hanging net disc (3);
the lifting planting barrel (1) and the supporting barrel (2) are both provided with openings at the top ends, and the lifting planting barrel (1) is positioned in the supporting barrel (2) and can move up and down in the supporting barrel (2);
the rattan hanging net plate (3) is positioned above the supporting barrel (2) and is supported by an internal supporting rod positioned on the barrel wall of the supporting barrel (2);
a group of lifting control rods (12) are fixed on the outer wall of the lifting planting barrel (1), and a through lifting control groove (21) is correspondingly formed in the barrel wall of the supporting barrel (2); the lifting control groove (21) comprises a vertical groove (22) in the longitudinal direction and a group of transverse grooves (23) which are communicated with the vertical groove and are sequentially arranged up and down; the lifting control rods (12) are respectively clamped in the corresponding lifting control grooves (21) and can freely move in the vertical grooves (22) and the transverse grooves (23), so that the height of the lifting planting barrel (1) in the supporting barrel (2) is adjusted;
a central rod (4) is arranged in the supporting barrel (2); the bottom of the central rod (4) is fixed at the center of the bottom of the supporting barrel (2), and upwards penetrates through the lifting planting barrel (1) and the vine hanging net disc (3) in sequence.
2. The planting device for fruits and vegetables like vines according to claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the supporting barrel (2) is uniformly provided with hemispherical supporting bodies (6) which are located above the lifting control groove (21) and the outer ends of which are in contact with the inner wall of the lifting planting barrel (1).
3. The planting device for the fruits and vegetables like the vines according to claim 2, wherein a universal wheel (7) and a spring (8) are arranged at the bottom of the supporting barrel (2), one end of the spring (8) is fixed inside the supporting barrel (2), and the other end of the spring is fixed at the bottom of the lifting planting barrel (1); one side of the bottom of the supporting barrel (2) is provided with a drain hole (24).
4. The planting device for vine fruits and vegetables according to claim 1, wherein the wall of the supporting barrel (2) is provided with an outward extending rod (9), and the outer end of the outward extending rod (9) is connected with an external supporting rod supported outside the vine hanging net disk (3) through a fixing bayonet (93).
5. The vine fruit and vegetable planting device according to claim 4, wherein the inner support rods comprise a low inner support rod (51) and a high inner support rod (52) which can be extended and are respectively supported on two sides of the vine hanging net disk (3), and the outer support rods comprise a low outer support rod (91) and a high outer support rod (92) which can be extended and are respectively supported on two sides of the vine hanging net disk (3), so that the two sides of the vine hanging net disk (3) form an inclined state with different heights.
6. The planting device for vine fruits and vegetables according to claim 5, wherein said vine net plate (3) comprises an outer circular frame (31) and an irregular net (32) drawn in the circular frame (31); the center of the irregular net (32) is provided with a central rod bayonet (33) for the central rod (4) to pass through, and the periphery is provided with an internal buckle (34) corresponding to the internal support rod and an external buckle (35) corresponding to the external support rod.
7. The planting device for fruits and vegetables like vines according to claim 5, wherein the low inner support rod (51), the high inner support rod (52), the low outer support rod (91) and the high outer support rod (92) are telescopic rods, or the top ends can be lengthened by adding extension sections in a clamping manner.
8. The planting device for the fruits and vegetables like the vines according to claim 1, wherein a through hole (13) for the central rod (4) to pass through is reserved in the center of the bottom (11) of the planting barrel of the lifting planting barrel (1), and meshes (14) are uniformly arranged on the outer side.
CN202022173484.3U 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Vine class fruit vegetables planting device Active CN213246042U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022173484.3U CN213246042U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Vine class fruit vegetables planting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022173484.3U CN213246042U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Vine class fruit vegetables planting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213246042U true CN213246042U (en) 2021-05-25

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ID=75946009

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022173484.3U Active CN213246042U (en) 2020-09-28 2020-09-28 Vine class fruit vegetables planting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213246042U (en)

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