CN213193005U - Dust collector for civil engineering - Google Patents

Dust collector for civil engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213193005U
CN213193005U CN202021730528.1U CN202021730528U CN213193005U CN 213193005 U CN213193005 U CN 213193005U CN 202021730528 U CN202021730528 U CN 202021730528U CN 213193005 U CN213193005 U CN 213193005U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
dust
spray head
mist spray
water delivery
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CN202021730528.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱小金
岳晓静
孟凡侠
李晓敏
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Beijing Anxin Excellence Information Technology Co ltd
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Beijing Anxin Excellence Information Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a dust collector for civil engineering, including the base, be fixed with spraying subassembly and dust collection component on the base, the spraying subassembly is equipped with the suction pump including water tank, last water jet equipment and water jet equipment down in, the water tank, and the side is provided with the shunt valve, can many positions set up water jet equipment, and the top is equipped with the booster pump, can increase the water spray distance, dust collector includes the suction box, dust collector and ground dust collector in air, and dust collector in air is provided with the suction hood, is equipped with air exhauster and check valve simultaneously, the dust in the air of better collection, and ground dust collector is equipped with the check valve, and air exhauster, dust absorption head, check valve can make dust directional absorption, and repeated work can be avoided in the use of suction box, increase dust and recycle, the utility model discloses the design of diversified full aspect has effectively promoted dust removal effect.

Description

Dust collector for civil engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building construction field specifically is a dust collector who relates to building construction usefulness.
Background
The dust pollution refers to the pollution to the atmosphere and the trouble to the life of huge doors caused by the dust particles generated in the activities of building construction, road and pipeline construction, house demolition, material transportation, material stacking, road cleaning, plant planting and maintenance and the like. Especially, dust in the construction process of the building is difficult to avoid everywhere in daily life, especially under the conditions of dry weather and low air humidity in early summer, the dust is easy to fly, the environment is polluted, and meanwhile, inconvenience is brought to the life of people.
The existing dust removal mode is mainly carried out by spraying liquid, but the water spraying range of the common water spraying device is narrow, the efficiency is low, the dust removal effect is not ideal, the road surface is muddy easily, and the common dust removing device is not provided with a filter, and water mist spray holes are easily blocked. Therefore, the present invention provides a new solution to the above problems to solve the problems set forth in the background art.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the utility model is to provide a dust collector for civil engineering to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the dust removal device for civil construction comprises a base and is characterized in that a spraying assembly and a dust collection assembly are fixed on the base, the spraying assembly comprises a water tank, an upper water spraying device and a lower water spraying device are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the water tank, a water pump is fixed at the bottom of the water tank, a shunt valve is fixed on the side face of the water tank, an upper water pipeline and a lower water pipeline are respectively arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the shunt valve, the shunt valve is connected with the water pump through a hose, a filter is arranged on the hose, a booster pump is arranged at the top of the water tank, the booster pump is connected with the shunt valve through the upper water pipeline, the upper water spraying device comprises a first water conveying main pipe, a first water conveying branch pipe and a first water mist spray head, one end of the first water conveying main pipe is connected with the booster pump, the other end of the first water conveying branch pipe is connected with the first, The second water delivery branch pipe and the second water mist spray head are connected with the water diversion valve through a lower water pipeline, one end of the second water delivery branch pipe is connected with the second water delivery main pipe, the other end of the second water delivery branch pipe is connected with the second water mist spray head, the lower water spray device is positioned at the lower end of the water tank and is fixed at one end of the base, the water spray surface of the water mist spray head faces the ground, the dust collection assembly comprises a dust collection box, an aerial dust collection device and a ground dust collection device, the dust collection box is fixed on the base, a filter screen is fixed inside the dust collection box, a top water spray device is fixed at the top end inside the dust collection box and comprises a third water delivery main pipe, a third water delivery branch pipe and a third water mist spray head, the third water delivery main pipe is connected with the water diversion valve on the side surface of the water tank, one end of the third water delivery branch pipe is connected with the third water delivery main pipe, one end of the third water mist, the ground dust collection device comprises an air pipe, a dust collection head, a check valve and a first air exhauster, wherein one end of the air pipe is connected with a dust collection box, the other end of the air pipe is connected with the dust collection head, the first check valve and the first air exhauster are respectively connected with the air pipe, the first air exhauster and the dust collection head are respectively connected with a base through a support, the dust collection end of the first dust collection head faces the ground, the air dust collection device comprises a dust hood, a second air exhauster, a second check valve, one end of the second air exhauster is fixed at the top of the dust collection box, the other end of the second air exhauster is connected with a dust cover, and the second check valve is installed in a pipeline at the joint of.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the first water delivery branch pipe, the first water mist spray head, the second water delivery branch pipe, the second water mist spray head, the third water delivery branch pipe and the third water mist spray head are all provided with a plurality of spray nozzles.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the bottom of the dust collection head is provided with a hairbrush.
As a further aspect of the present invention: and a pressure release valve is arranged at the top end of the dust removal box.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the water delivery main pipe is connected with the water delivery branch pipe through threads, and the water mist spray head is connected with the water delivery branch pipe through threads.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the water mist spray head is designed in a conical shape, the bottom of the water mist spray head is closed, and a plurality of water spray holes are formed in the surface of the water mist spray head.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the dust hood is designed in an inverted trapezoid shape, and one end with a small opening area is connected with the second exhaust fan.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model discloses in, the design has spraying subassembly and dust absorption subassembly, spraying subassembly and dust absorption subassembly all are equipped with aerial and ground two parts, start this experiment novel, dust absorption subassembly accessible dust absorption head inhales the dust absorption case with the dust on the ground, through the overhead brush clean ground of dust absorption, reach the clear effect of degree of depth, dust extraction's the dust absorption scope that enlarges in the setting of aerial, can collect the aerial dust that floats that ground dust extraction can not collect, dust absorption case's setting can be with aerial dust extraction and the absorbent dust centralized processing of ground dust extraction, avoid repeated dust fall work, increase the reuse of dust. The spraying assembly comprises an upper water spraying device and a lower water spraying device, the dust settling effect can be achieved on air and the ground at the same time, the top of the water tank is provided with a booster pump, the spraying distance of the water mist is lengthened, the dust removal range is enlarged, and the dust removal efficiency is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a dust removing device for construction of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the middle and lower water spraying device of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the shunt valve, the upper water pipeline, the lower water pipeline and the third water main pipe.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a water tank; 3. a water pump; 4. a shunt valve; 5. an upper water pipeline; 6. a lower water pipeline; 7. a hose; 8. a filter; 9. a booster pump; 10. a first main water delivery pipe; 11. a first water delivery branch pipe; 12. a first water mist spray head; 13. a second main water delivery pipe; 14. a second water delivery branch pipe; 15. a second water mist spray head; 16. a dust collection box; 17. filtering with a screen; 18. a third water delivery main pipe; 19. a third water delivery branch pipe; 20. a third water mist spray head; 21. an air tube; 22. a dust collection head; 23. a first check valve; 24. a first exhaust fan; 25. a dust hood; 26. a second exhaust fan; 27. a second one-way valve; 28. a brush; 29. and (4) releasing the valve.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1, in an embodiment of the present invention, a dust removing device for civil construction includes a base 1, and is characterized in that a spraying assembly and a dust collecting assembly are fixed on the base 1, the spraying assembly includes a water tank 2, an upper water spraying device and a lower water spraying device are respectively disposed at the upper end and the lower end of the water tank 2, a water pump 3 is fixed at the bottom of the water tank 2, a shunt valve 4 is fixed at the side of the water tank 2, an upper water pipeline 5 and a lower water pipeline 6 are respectively disposed at the upper end and the lower end of the shunt valve 4, the shunt valve 4 is connected with the water pump 3 through a hose 7, a filter 8 is disposed on the hose 7, a booster pump 9 is disposed at the top of the water tank 2, the booster pump 9 is connected with the shunt valve 4 through the upper water pipeline 5, the upper water spraying device includes a first main water pipe 10, a first water branch pipe 11 and a first water spray nozzle 12, one, the other end of the water tank is connected with a first water delivery branch pipe 11, a first water spray nozzle 12 is connected with the first water delivery branch pipe 11, a lower water spray device comprises a second water delivery main pipe 13, a second water delivery branch pipe 14 and a second water spray nozzle 15, the second water delivery main pipe 13 is connected with a water distribution valve 4 through a lower water pipeline 6, one end of the second water delivery branch pipe 14 is connected with the second water delivery main pipe 13, the other end of the second water delivery branch pipe is connected with the second water spray nozzle 15, the lower water spray device is positioned at the lower end of the water tank 2 and fixed at one end of the base 1, the water spray surface of the second water spray nozzle 15 faces the ground, the dust collection assembly comprises a dust collection box 16, an aerial dust collection device and a ground dust collection device, the dust collection box 16 is fixed on the base 1, a filter screen 17 is fixed inside the dust collection box 16, a top device is fixed at the top end inside the dust collection box 16, the top water spray device comprises a third water delivery main pipe 18, the third main water delivery pipe 18 is connected with the shunt valve 4 on the side surface of the water tank 2, one end of the third branch water delivery pipe 19 is connected with the third main water delivery pipe 18, the other end is connected with a third water mist spray head 20, the water spraying surface of the third water mist spray head 20 faces to the bottom of the dust collection box 16, the floor dust-collecting device comprises an air pipe 21, a dust-collecting head 22, a first one-way valve 23 and a first exhaust fan 24, one end of the air pipe 21 is connected with the dust-collecting box 16, the other end is connected with the dust-collecting head 22, the first one-way valve 23 and the first suction fan 24 are respectively connected with the air pipe 21, the first suction fan 24 and the dust collection head 22 are respectively connected with the base 1 through a bracket, and the dust absorption end of the first dust absorption head 22 faces the ground, the aerial dust absorption device comprises a dust absorption cover 25, a second exhaust fan 26 and a second one-way valve 27, one end of the second exhaust fan 26 is fixed at the top of the dust absorption box 16, the other end of the second exhaust fan 26 is connected with the dust absorption cover 25, and the second one-way valve 27 is installed in a pipeline at the joint of the second exhaust fan 26 and the dust absorption box 16.
In this embodiment, the first water delivery branch pipe 11, the first water mist spray head 12, the second water delivery branch pipe 14, the second water mist spray head 15, the third water delivery branch pipe 19 and the third water mist spray head 20 all include a plurality of water delivery branch pipes, and the design of the plurality of water delivery branch pipes can increase the water spray area and improve the water spray effect.
In this embodiment, the bottom of the dust collection head 22 is provided with the brush 28, and the design of the brush 28 can better clean the road surface, so as to achieve the effect of deep cleaning.
In this embodiment, the side surface of the dust collection box 16 is provided with the pressure release valve 29, and the pressure in the dust collection box 16 can be adjusted by setting the pressure release valve 29, so that the situation of overlarge pressure is prevented.
In this embodiment, the first water delivery main pipe 10 is connected with the first water delivery branch pipe 11 through threads, and the first water mist spray head 12 is connected with the first water delivery branch pipe 11 through threads, so that the threaded connection assembly and disassembly are convenient for fixed connection.
In this embodiment, the first mist head 12 is designed to be conical, the bottom of the first mist head 12 is closed, and a plurality of water spraying holes are formed in the surface of the first mist head 12. The water spray scope can be enlarged to the toper design, and many orifice designs can atomize the water spray, prevent the mire.
In this embodiment, the dust hood 25 is designed to be an inverted trapezoid, and the end with a smaller opening area is connected to the second exhaust fan 26, so that the dust collection range can be expanded due to the inverted trapezoid design.
Principle of operation
The utility model can be used in large construction sites and small construction sites, the operation is flexible and convenient, the first exhaust fan 24 and the second exhaust fan 26 are started to generate negative pressure in the dust collection box 16, the dust on the ground is absorbed by the dust absorption head 22, the dust in the air is absorbed by the dust absorption cover 25, the water pump 3 is started to enable the third water mist spray head 20 in the dust absorption box 16 to spray water, the dust absorbed into the dust absorption box 16 is concentrated at the bottom of the dust absorption box, start water pump 3 and booster pump 9 simultaneously, absorb water through water pump 3 and carry rivers to last water service pipe 5, water service pipe 6 and third water delivery are responsible for 18 down, go up water jet equipment and pass through booster pump 9 and connect upper water service pipe 5, make the rivers spout through first water smoke shower nozzle 12, water service pipe 6 is connected down to water jet equipment down, the rivers second water smoke shower nozzle 15+ blowout, go up water jet equipment and water jet equipment down and carry out the atomizing dust fall operation to the dust that fails to be absorbed by the dust absorption subassembly.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a dust collector for civil engineering, includes base (1), its characterized in that is fixed with spraying subassembly and dust absorption subassembly on base (1), the spraying subassembly is including water tank (2), the upper end and the lower extreme of water tank (2) are provided with water jet equipment and lower water jet equipment respectively, water tank (2) bottom is fixed with water pump (3), and water tank (2) side is fixed with shunt valve (4), both ends are provided with water service pipe (5) and water service pipe (6) down respectively about shunt valve (4), link to each other through hose (7) between shunt valve (4) and water pump (3), be provided with filter (8) on hose (7), water tank (2) top is equipped with booster pump (9), links to each other through water service pipe (5) between booster pump (9) and shunt valve (4), it includes first water delivery person in charge (10), A first water delivery branch pipe (11) and a first water mist spray head (12), wherein one end of a first water delivery main pipe (10) is connected with a booster pump (9), the other end of the first water delivery main pipe is connected with the first water delivery branch pipe (11), the first water mist spray head (12) is connected with the first water delivery branch pipe (11), the lower water spraying device comprises a second water delivery main pipe (13), a second water delivery branch pipe (14) and a second water mist spray head (15), the second water delivery main pipe (13) is connected with a water dividing valve (4) through a lower water pipeline (6), one end of the second water delivery branch pipe (14) is connected with the second water delivery main pipe (13), the other end of the second water mist spray head (15) is connected with the second water delivery main pipe, the lower water spraying device is positioned at the lower end of a water tank (2) and fixed at one end of a base (1), the water spraying end of the second water mist spray head (15) faces the ground, the dust, the dust collection box (16) is fixed on the base (1), a filter screen (17) is fixed inside the dust collection box (16), a top water spraying device is fixed at the top end inside the dust collection box (16), the top water spraying device comprises a third water delivery main pipe (18), a third water delivery branch pipe (19) and a third water mist spray head (20), the third water delivery main pipe (18) is connected with a water distribution valve (4) on the side surface of the water tank (2), one end of the third water delivery branch pipe (19) is connected with the third water delivery main pipe (18), the other end of the third water mist spray head (20) is connected with the third water mist spray head (20), the water spraying surface of the third water mist spray head (20) faces the bottom of the dust collection box (16), the ground dust collection device comprises an air pipe (21), a dust collection head (22), a first one-way valve (23) and a first air exhauster (24), one end of the air pipe (21) is connected with the dust collection box (16), the other end of the first one-way valve (23) and the first air exhauster (24) are respectively connected, first air exhauster (24) and dust absorption head (22) are connected with base (1) through the support respectively, and the dust absorption end of first dust absorption head (22) is towards ground, aerial dust extraction includes suction hood (25), second air exhauster (26) and second check valve (27), and second air exhauster (26) one end is fixed in the top of suction box (16), and the other end is connected with suction hood (25), and second check valve (27) are installed in the junction of second air exhauster (26) and suction box (16).
2. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first water delivery branch pipe (11), the first water mist spray head (12), the second water delivery branch pipe (14), the second water mist spray head (15), the third water delivery branch pipe (19) and the third water mist spray head (20) are correspondingly arranged in a plurality.
3. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the dust collection head (22) is provided with a brush (28).
4. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a pressure release valve (29) is arranged on the side surface of the dust collection box (16).
5. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first water delivery main pipe (10) is in threaded connection with the first water delivery branch pipe (11), and the first water mist spray head (12) is in threaded connection with the first water delivery branch pipe (11).
6. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first water mist spray head (12) is in a conical design, and a plurality of water spray holes are formed in the surface of the first water mist spray head (12).
7. The dust removing device for civil construction according to claim 1, characterized in that: the dust hood (25) is designed to be inverted trapezoid, and one end with a small opening area is connected with the second exhaust fan (26).
CN202021730528.1U 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Dust collector for civil engineering Active CN213193005U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021730528.1U CN213193005U (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Dust collector for civil engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021730528.1U CN213193005U (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Dust collector for civil engineering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213193005U true CN213193005U (en) 2021-05-14

Family

ID=75839736

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021730528.1U Active CN213193005U (en) 2020-08-18 2020-08-18 Dust collector for civil engineering

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213193005U (en)

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