CN213174560U - Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board - Google Patents

Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213174560U
CN213174560U CN202020592158.3U CN202020592158U CN213174560U CN 213174560 U CN213174560 U CN 213174560U CN 202020592158 U CN202020592158 U CN 202020592158U CN 213174560 U CN213174560 U CN 213174560U
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China
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heat
insulation
layer
heat preservation
adhesive
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CN202020592158.3U
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Inventor
钟云
臧亚栋
周存宝
高迎弟
何文龙
王耀西
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Wanhua Building Technology Yantai Co Ltd
Wanhua Energysav Science and Technology Group Co Ltd
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Wanhua Building Technology Yantai Co Ltd
Wanhua Energysav Science and Technology Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to a building energy-saving structure panel, concretely relates to rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board. The utility model discloses an adopt heat preservation I that organic insulation material made, the heat preservation II that adopts inorganic insulation material to make, heat preservation I and heat preservation II are as an organic whole through the adhesion of adhesive layer I or the self-adhesion complex of insulation material self, and II surfaces of heat preservation are fixed with the finish coat through adhesive layer II. The utility model discloses heat preservation, fire prevention, water-proof effects are good, have better comprehensive physical properties, and the wholeness is good, construction process is simple and convenient, decorative good.

Description

Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to a building energy-saving structure panel, concretely relates to rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board.
Background
At present, the existing building boards mainly have the following defects:
1. the existing building board is any one of organic heat-insulating materials or inorganic heat-insulating materials, wherein the organic heat-insulating materials (such as molded polystyrene boards, extruded polystyrene boards, rigid foam polyurethane boards, phenolic foam boards and the like) have the characteristics of light weight, excellent heat-insulating performance and waterproof performance and the like, but cannot achieve ideal fireproof performance, a plurality of restrictive conditions such as height, combustion grade and the like are set in the relevant external wall heat-insulating fireproof specifications, and the inorganic heat-insulating materials (such as rock wool, vitrified micro bubbles, foamed cement, foamed glass, foamed ceramic and the like) have excellent fireproof performance, but the heat-insulating performance is general, and the waterproof performance is far inferior to that of the organic heat-insulating materials;
2. the national requirements for energy-saving standards and fireproof standards are gradually improved, the requirements for building heat-insulating materials are gradually strict, 75% new building energy-saving standards are started to be implemented in Tianjin, Hebei, Jilin and Heilongjiang at present, and 80% building energy-saving standards are started to be implemented in Beijing. The existing building board can not reach the new building energy-saving standard;
3. at present, the labor population is gradually reduced, the field construction operation flow of the existing building board thin plastering system is complicated, after the heat insulation material is pasted, a plastering layer is required to be constructed, and finally the veneer is constructed, the field wet operation is more, the demand on the labor population is larger, and the construction cost is high.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the utility model is to solve the weak point that above-mentioned prior art exists, provide a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board that keeps warm, fire prevention, water-proof effects are good, have better comprehensive physical properties, the wholeness is good, construction process is simple and convenient, decorative good.
The utility model discloses a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board, its special character lies in including the heat preservation I1 that adopts organic insulation material to make, the heat preservation II 2 that adopts inorganic insulation material to make, heat preservation I1 and heat preservation II 2 are through the adhesive of adhesive layer I3 or the self-adhesion of insulation material self compound as an organic whole, the surface of heat preservation II 2 is fixed with finish coat 7 through adhesive layer II 4;
the thickness of the heat-insulating layer I1 is more than or equal to 10mm, and the fire-retardant grade of the heat-insulating layer I1 is more than or equal to grade B3;
the heat-insulating layer I1 is made of any one of B-level fireproof materials such as rigid foam polyurethane, molded polystyrene boards, extruded polystyrene boards, phenolic foam boards, gold boards, graphite polystyrene boards and the like, and comprises but is not limited to the above materials;
for a system with poor matching performance between the heat-insulating layer I1 and the heat-insulating layer II 2 and mortar, a boundary layer 6 is fixed on the outer surface of the heat-insulating layer I1;
the thickness of the heat-insulating layer II 2 is more than or equal to 15mm, and the fire-retardant grade of the heat-insulating layer II 2 is grade A;
the heat-insulating layer II 2 is made of any one of grade A fireproof heat-insulating materials such as vertical fiber rock wool strips, rock wool plates, glass wool, mineral wool, foam glass, foam ceramic, foam cement, polymerized polystyrene boards, gold boards, polyphenyl particle mortar, vitrified micro bubble heat-insulating slurry and the like, and comprises but is not limited to the materials;
the interface layer 6 is integrated with the heat-insulating layer I1 through the self-adhesive property of an adhesive layer or a heat-insulating material, the thickness range of the interface layer is 0.1mm-20mm, the interface layer 6 is made of any one of a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material, cement mortar, non-woven fabric, grid cloth, a calcium silicate board and a cement fiber pressure plate, and the interface layer comprises the materials but is not limited to the materials;
the adhesive layer is made of any one of epoxy resin adhesive, polyurethane adhesive, polychloride adhesive, phenolic resin adhesive and polyamide adhesive, and comprises but is not limited to the materials;
the veneer layer is made of any one of stone, ceramic sheets, cement fiber pressure plates, metal plates, calcium silicate plates, clay plates, small face bricks, culture stones and soft porcelain, and comprises but is not limited to the materials;
the application of the rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate product is that when strict requirements on water resistance are met, waterproof coatings 5 can be coated on the peripheries of a heat-insulation plate I1 and a heat-insulation plate II 2;
the waterproof coating 5 is made of any one of phenolic resin, epoxy resin, organic silicon and polyurethane waterproof paint, and includes but is not limited to the above materials.
The utility model discloses a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board, combine organic insulation material and inorganic insulation material ingenious together before the upper wall, solved simple inorganic insulation board waterproof performance and the relatively poor not enough of thermal insulation performance and simple organic insulation material fire behavior relatively poor not enough, overcome the shortcoming that the quality is not good to be controlled when the site operation, the process is loaded down with trivial details, construction cycle is long, simplified construction process, can carry out the factory prefabrication, product quality is stable, the utility model discloses a heat preservation decorative board system its facing material forms through the factory prefabrication, and the scene directly once bonds the shaping, reduces the site operation flow, reduces the demand to workman's quantity, reduces construction cost, and has excellent decorative; and the utility model discloses it is good still to have the heat preservation and heat insulation performance, has waterproof insulation function concurrently, and life is longer, and advantages such as construction convenience need not to set up the fire prevention median in the application, can effectually solve in the design of traditional median: 1) problems with cold and hot bridges; 2) the linear expansion coefficients of different materials are different, and the fire-proof isolation belt is easy to bulge, crack and seep water in the day and night temperature difference and the climate change of four-season exchange; 3) The matching performance of the whole system is poor, the fireproof isolation belt and a large-surface wall body have color difference, and the appearance effect of the whole building is poor; 4) the mechanical strength is low: the inorganic material absorbs water and is subjected to freeze-thaw cycling, and the physical performance of the inorganic material is reduced after a period of time, so that the mechanical safety of the system is influenced. The utility model discloses a bond firmly between organic and inorganic two-layer heated board, waterproof coating fully coats all around, and no hollowing or hourglass are glued, difficult fracture, drop, and waterproof, fire behavior is good. In conclusion, the structure of the invention is ingenious in design, the decorative surface layer is prefabricated on the heat-insulating material layer II through a factory, and the rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulating decorative plate is adhered to the upper wall on site only through the bonding mortar without independently constructing the decorative surface layer, so that the construction is convenient and rapid, and the invention has good application prospect in the field of building energy conservation.
Drawings
FIG. 1: the utility model relates to a structure schematic diagram of a rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-preservation decorative plate;
FIG. 2: the utility model discloses embodiment 1 a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board structure sketch map;
FIG. 3: the utility model discloses embodiment 2 a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board's structure sketch map;
FIG. 4: the embodiment of the utility model provides 3 a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board's schematic structure diagram.
In the figure: 1. An insulating layer I; 2. A heat-insulating layer II; 3. An adhesive layer I; 4. An adhesive layer II; 5. a water-resistant coating; 6. an interfacial layer; 7. and (6) a finishing layer.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative board of the embodiment includes a heat-insulation layer i 1 made of a molded polystyrene board material, a heat-insulation layer ii 2 made of a vertical-filament rock wool strip material, an interface layer 6 made of a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material, an adhesive layer i 3 made of a polyurethane adhesive, an adhesive agent ii 4 made of a phenolic resin adhesive, and a facing layer 7 made of a stone material. Heat preservation I1 and heat preservation II 2 are as an organic whole through the cohesiveness complex of adhesive layer I3, and I1 surface in heat preservation is located to interfacial layer 6, and II 2 surfaces in heat preservation are located to finish coat 7. Wherein the insulating layer I1 is a molded polystyrene board insulating layer, the thickness of the insulating layer is 25mm, and the fire-retardant rating is B1; the heat insulation layer II 2 is formed by splicing vertical-filament rock wool, and the thickness of the heat insulation layer II is 45 mm; the interface layer 6 is a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material prepared from flame-retardant polymer cement, and the thickness of the coiled material is 0.5 mm; the adhesive layer I3 is a polyurethane adhesive, the thickness of the adhesive layer is 1mm, and the adhesive layer has the functions of water resistance and bonding a heat insulation layer; the adhesive II 4 is phenolic resin adhesive, and the thickness is 1 mm; the facing layer 7 is a stone facing, and the thickness is 10 mm.
Example 2
A rear-mounted structure fire-proof heat-preservation decorative plate of the embodiment refers to the attached figure 3. The heat-insulating layer I1 is made of hard foam polyurethane, the heat-insulating layer II 2 is made of foaming cement, the adhesive layer II 4 is made of polyurethane adhesive, the decorative surface layer 7 is made of a cement fiber pressure plate, and the interface layer 6 is made of cement-based interface reinforcing coiled materials. The heat-insulating layer I1, the heat-insulating layer II 2 and the interface layer 6 are bonded into a whole through the self-bonding property of the heat-insulating layer I1, the heat-insulating layer I1 is a hard-foam polyurethane heat-insulating layer, the thickness of the heat-insulating layer II 2 is a foam cement heat-insulating layer, the thickness of the heat-insulating layer I is 45mm, the interface layer 6 is a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material, the thickness of the interface reinforcing coiled material is 0.7 mm, the adhesive layer II 4 is a polyurethane adhesive, the thickness of the adhesive layer II is 1.5mm, and the heat-insulating layer; the finishing layer 7 is a cement fiber pressure plate, and the thickness is 8 mm.
Example 3
Referring to the attached drawing 4, the rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate comprises a heat-insulation layer I1 made of hard foam polyurethane, a heat-insulation layer II 2 made of vertical-filament rock wool strips, an adhesive layer II 4 made of polyurethane adhesive, a finishing layer 7 made of a cement fiber pressure plate, an interface layer 6 made of a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material and a waterproof coating 5 made of phenolic resin. Waterproof coating 5 coats around heat preservation I1 and heat preservation II 2. The heat-insulating layer I1, the heat-insulating layer II 2 and the interface layer 6 are bonded into a whole through the self-adhesive property of the heat-insulating layer I1, the heat-insulating layer I1 is a hard-foam polyurethane heat-insulating layer, the thickness of the heat-insulating layer is 20mm, and the heat-insulating layer II 2 is a vertical-filament rock wool strip heat-insulating layer, and the thickness of the heat-insulating layer is 45 mm; the interface layer 6 is a cement-based interface reinforcing coiled material, the thickness is 0.7 mm, the adhesive layer II 4 is a polyurethane adhesive, the thickness is 1.5mm, and the interface layer has the functions of water resistance and bonding a heat insulation layer; the waterproof coating 5 is phenolic resin, has the thickness of 0.5 mm and has a waterproof effect; the finishing layer 7 is a cement fiber pressure plate, and the thickness is 8 mm.
The utility model discloses during the installation, heat preservation I1 that organic insulation material made is close to the wall body installation, and the outside is located to heat preservation II 2 that adopts inorganic insulation material to make.
The utility model discloses a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board, can carry out the batch production, the steady quality, organic insulation material and inorganic insulation material firmly must combine together before the upper wall, solved simple inorganic insulation board waterproof performance and thermal insulation performance relatively poor not enough and simple organic insulation material fire behavior relatively poor not enough, the finish coat is prefabricated in the mill and is accomplished, the quality is not good when having overcome the site operation control, the process is loaded down with trivial details, the shortcoming of construction cycle length, the construction process has been simplified greatly, satisfy the requirement of relevant fire prevention standard; the utility model discloses use organic insulation material, inorganic insulation material combination to be the heat preservation substrate, wherein inorganic insulation material combustion performance is A level, and organic insulation material combustion performance is not less than B3 level, and the heat preservation wholly has good fire behavior and thermal insulation performance.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board which characterized in that is including heat preservation I (1) that adopts organic insulation material to make, heat preservation II (2) that adopt inorganic insulation material to make, and the cohesiveness of heat preservation I (1) and heat preservation II (2) through adhesive layer I (3) or the self-adhesion nature of heat preservation material self compound as an organic whole, and II (2) surfaces of heat preservation are fixed with finish coat (7) through adhesive layer II (4).
2. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate is characterized in that the thickness of the heat-insulation layer I (1) is more than or equal to 10mm, and the fireproof grade of the heat-insulation layer I (1) is more than or equal to grade B3.
3. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the heat-insulation layer I (1) is made of any one of rigid foam polyurethane, molded polystyrene board, extruded polystyrene board, phenolic foam board, gold board and graphite polystyrene board.
4. The post-positioned structural fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer surface of the heat-insulation layer I (1) is further fixed with a surface layer (6).
5. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate is characterized in that the thickness of the heat-insulation layer II (2) is more than or equal to 15mm, and the fireproof grade of the heat-insulation layer II (2) is A grade.
6. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate according to claim 1 or 5, characterized in that the heat-insulation layer II (2) is made of any one of vertical silk rock wool strips, rock wool boards, glass wool, mineral wool, foam glass, foamed ceramics, foamed cement, polymerized polystyrene boards, gold boards, polyphenyl particle mortar and vitrified micro-bead heat-insulation slurry.
7. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate according to claim 4, wherein the interface layer (6) is integrated with the heat-insulation layer I (1) through the self-adhesive property of an adhesive layer or a heat-insulation material, the thickness of the interface layer ranges from 0.1mm to 20mm, and the interface layer (6) is made of any one of cement-based interface reinforcing coiled materials, cement mortar, non-woven fabrics, gridding cloth, calcium silicate plates and cement fiber pressure plates.
8. The rear-mounted fireproof thermal insulation decorative board of claim 7, wherein the adhesive layer is made of any one of epoxy resin adhesive, polyurethane adhesive, polychloride adhesive, phenolic resin adhesive and polyamide adhesive.
9. A rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-preservation decorative plate as claimed in claim 1, wherein the finishing layer (7) is made of any one of stone, ceramic sheet, cement fiber pressure plate, metal plate, calcium silicate plate, clay plate, facing tile, cultural stone and soft porcelain.
10. The rear-mounted structure fireproof heat-insulation decorative plate according to claim 1, characterized in that the peripheries of the heat-insulation layer I (1) and the heat-insulation layer II (2) are coated with waterproof coatings (5), and the waterproof coatings (5) are waterproof coatings made of any one of phenolic resin, epoxy resin, organic silicon and polyurethane waterproof coatings.
CN202020592158.3U 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board Active CN213174560U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020592158.3U CN213174560U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020592158.3U CN213174560U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213174560U true CN213174560U (en) 2021-05-11

Family

ID=75765274

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020592158.3U Active CN213174560U (en) 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Rear-mounted structure fire prevention heat preservation decorative board

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213174560U (en)

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