CN213083335U - Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces - Google Patents

Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213083335U
CN213083335U CN202021789933.0U CN202021789933U CN213083335U CN 213083335 U CN213083335 U CN 213083335U CN 202021789933 U CN202021789933 U CN 202021789933U CN 213083335 U CN213083335 U CN 213083335U
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China
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crawler
chassis
track
wheel
walking
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CN202021789933.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许太白
陈谊
高东菊
张微微
周春健
李宝昌
周鹏
徐菲
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Shanghai Vocational College Of Agriculture And Forestry
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Shanghai Vocational College Of Agriculture And Forestry
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a general chassis device of crawler-type suitable for walking of wet soft field piece, it includes chassis frame, engine, driver's cabin, gearbox, transmission shaft group, crawler group, track driving wheel group, track thrust wheelset, track traction wheelset and track tensioning wheelset, transmission shaft group includes left transmission semi-axis and right transmission semi-axis, is located the both sides of gearbox respectively, crawler group includes left track and right track, track driving wheel group includes left drive wheel and right drive wheel, left drive wheel passes through the spline and connects with left transmission semi-axis; the right driving wheel is connected with the right transmission half shaft through a spline. The utility model discloses greatly improved the chassis to the adaptability of complicated topography to and crawler chassis's commonality.

Description

Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural machine designs and makes the field, concretely relates to general chassis device of crawler-type suitable for walking of wet soft field piece.
Background
The existing agricultural mechanical chassis mainly comprises a wheel type, a crawler type and a wheel-track combined type, wherein the wheel type is suitable for flat and dry land operation, and the crawler type is more suitable for operation in wet and soft fields, for example, a crawler type combine harvester is widely used for harvesting rice in paddy fields in south China; the agricultural mechanical chassis is divided into different types according to different operation types, and the common chassis of the crawler-type combine harvester, the chassis of the crawler-type crusher, the chassis of the wheel-type bundling machine and the like are characterized in that the corresponding chassis is customized according to different operation types, and the chassis has better adaptability with working parts and better working stability.
The existing research on the chassis of the agricultural machine focuses on the adaptability and the working performance of the chassis under different terrains, for example, Chinese patent CN111361645A (an all-terrain four-track chassis and an agricultural machine) designs an all-terrain four-track chassis comprising a frame, a flat track walking mechanism, a vehicle body leveling mechanism and a steering mechanism mainly aiming at the running stability of the agricultural machine under all terrains, so that the running stability of the chassis under complex terrains is realized; for example, Chinese patent CN110510021A (variable crawler chassis) designs a variable crawler chassis mainly aiming at the passing performance of the chassis in complex terrains, and the passing performance of the deformable crawler chassis is obviously improved; for example, in chinese patent CN104118485A (multifunctional special hydraulic tracked chassis), aiming at the complex terrain in hilly areas, a multifunctional special hydraulic tracked chassis capable of simply installing multiple machines is designed, and the working flexibility in hilly areas can be realized by hydraulically adjusting the width of the chassis. With the increase of agricultural activity types, the variety of agricultural machinery is continuously increased, different agricultural machinery is selected to be carried by different chassis, so that the use cost is increased, so far, the common chassis structure designed for different agricultural operation types is rarely reported, and if the terrain applicability and the universality of the chassis are concentrated and the crawler-type common chassis suitable for complex terrains is designed, the use flexibility of the agricultural machinery is greatly improved, and the use cost is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve above-mentioned problem to a general chassis device of crawler-type suitable for walking of wet soft field piece is provided.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a crawler-type universal chassis device suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces comprises a chassis frame, an engine, a driving platform, a gearbox, a transmission shaft group, a crawler driving wheel group, a crawler supporting wheel group, a crawler dragging wheel group and a crawler tensioning wheel group, wherein the driving platform is positioned at the left front end of the chassis frame; the right driving wheel is connected with the right transmission half shaft through a spline.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the chassis frame includes a main frame and a track supporting beam, the main frame is formed by welding square pipes of 30x30mm, 40x40mm and 40x60mm, the total length is 3807mm, the total width is 2163mm, the height is 1036mm, the engine, the driving platform and the gearbox are installed on the main frame, the track group, the track driving wheel set, the track supporting wheel set, the track dragging wheel set and the track tensioning wheel set are installed on the track supporting beam.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the chassis frame is provided with a plurality of mounting holes, and the threshing device or the bundling device is detachably mounted on the chassis frame through the mounting holes.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the width of the left track and the right track is 340mm, the working length is 1700mm, and the total length is 3906 mm.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the crawler belt pulley set comprises a left dragging pulley and a right dragging pulley, the left dragging pulley is tightly attached to the upper side of the left crawler belt and connected to the chassis frame through a bolt, and the right dragging pulley is tightly attached to the upper side of the right crawler belt and connected to the chassis frame through a bolt.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the driving platform comprises a main control board, a seat, a device operating platform and a walking control panel, and the clutch operating rod of the harvester can be connected with the gearbox through a hinge and pass through the main control board, and is positioned in the left front of the driving platform.
The utility model has the advantages that:
(1) the utility model can realize convenient replacement of the working parts, realize different work contents of the machinery by only replacing the carrying parts, improve the universality of the crawler chassis, effectively improve the agricultural production efficiency and reduce the use cost of agricultural machinery;
(2) the utility model discloses well track drive wheel links to each other with two power semi-axles, and the leading wheel, thrust wheel and drive wheel all are directly connected with the frame through the bolt, leave the mounting hole in the chassis frame, and the work piece is changed conveniently, and general operating personnel can accomplish the installation and dismantle, and the maintenance cost is lower.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the operator's station;
fig. 5 is an isometric view of the chassis frame.
1-a driving deck, 2-an engine, 3-a chassis frame, 4-a track tensioning wheel set, 5-a track support wheel set, 6-a track dragging wheel set, 7-a track set, 8-a gearbox, 9-a transmission shaft set, 10-a track driving wheel set, 11-a clutch operating rod, 101-a main control plate, 102-a seat, 103-a work operating platform, 104-a walking control panel, 301-a main frame, 302-a track supporting beam, 401-a left tensioning wheel, 402-a right tensioning wheel, 601-a left tensioning wheel, 602-a right tensioning wheel, 701-a left track, 702-a right track, 901-a left transmission shaft and 902-a right transmission shaft.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, creation features, achievement purposes and functions of the present invention easy to understand, the present invention is further explained below.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, the utility model provides a general chassis device of crawler-type suitable for walking of wet soft field piece, it includes chassis frame 3, engine 2, driver's cabin 1, gearbox 8, transmission shaft group 9, track group 7, track driving wheel group 10, track thrust wheelset 5, track traction wheelset 6 and track tensioning wheelset 4.
The chassis frame 3 can be formed by welding square pipes of three specifications of 30x30mm, 40x40mm and 40x60mm, the total length is 3807mm, the total width is 2163mm, and the height is 1036mm, so that the overall strength is high.
In addition, because the chassis frame 3 is formed by welding the square pipes with the three specifications, the chassis frame 3 is integrally hollowed out, so that a plurality of mounting holes can be formed, and the threshing device or the bundling device is detachably mounted on the chassis frame through the mounting holes.
Chassis frame 3 specifically can be bilayer structure, specifically comprises main frame 301 and track supporting beam 302, main frame 301 welded fastening is in track supporting beam 302 top, main frame 301 is used for installing engine 2, bridge 1 and gearbox 8, bridge 1 is located left front end on the main frame 301, engine 2 is located between chassis main frame 301 and the bridge 1, gearbox 8 is located main frame 301 lower place ahead, track supporting beam 302 is used for installing track group 7, track driving wheel group 10, track thrust wheelset 5, track traction wheelset 6 and track tensioning wheelset 4, through separately installing like this, both be convenient for install and use, can be convenient for subsequent thresher and bundling device's installation and change again.
The transmission shaft group 9 comprises a left transmission half shaft 901 and a right transmission half shaft 902 which are respectively positioned at two sides of the gearbox 8, the track group 7 comprises a left track 701 and a right track 702, the track driving wheel group 10 comprises a left driving wheel and a right driving wheel, the left driving wheel is connected with the left transmission half shaft through a spline, and the right driving wheel is connected with the right transmission half shaft 902 through a spline.
The crawler belt pulley group 6 comprises a left crawler belt pulley 601 and a right crawler belt pulley 602, the left crawler belt pulley 601 is tightly attached to the upper side of the left crawler belt 701 and is connected with the chassis frame 3 through a bolt, and the right crawler belt pulley 602 is tightly attached to the upper side of the right crawler belt 702 and is connected with the chassis frame 3 through a bolt.
The driving platform 1 comprises a main control panel 101, a seat 102, a device operating platform 103 and a walking control panel 104, wherein a clutch operating rod of the harvester can be connected with a gearbox through a hinge, passes through the main control panel 101 and is positioned at the left front of the driving platform 1.
Like this, the general chassis device of crawler-type that constitutes through above-mentioned structure can realize the convenient change of working part to the working part is changed conveniently, and general operating personnel can accomplish the installation and dismantle, and the maintenance cost is lower.
In addition, the crawler-type general chassis device formed by the structure can be used in cooperation with a threshing device or a bundling device respectively, and the crawler-type general chassis device is specifically matched as follows:
when installing thresher on the general chassis device of crawler-type, can carry out rice results work in the field, put thresher at the mounted position that chassis frame 3 corresponds correctly, carry out detachably through the mounting hole in chassis frame 3 and fix, thresher's after the installation concrete power transmission process is: the engine 2 transmits power to the middle shaft through a belt, the power is transmitted to a transmission case of the threshing device through belt transmission, so that the driving component works, the power for walking in the field of the harvester is transmitted to the transmission case 8 through the engine 3, the transmission case 8 is operated through the driving platform 1, the power is transmitted to the left transmission half shaft 901 and the right transmission half shaft 902 on the two sides, the crawler driving wheel is driven to rotate, the walking in the field is realized, the steering of the machine is realized by controlling the difference of the rotating speeds of the left transmission half shaft 901 and the right transmission half shaft 902 on the two sides, and the operation is flexible and convenient;
other activities are needed, for example, when bundling field straws, the threshing device installed on the chassis device is firstly disassembled, the bundling device is installed on the chassis, a proper installation position is found through a corresponding installation hole on the chassis frame 3, the threshing device is disassembled and fixed, meanwhile, a belt transmission device connected with the engine 3 is replaced, and a control switch of the bundling device is connected with a walking control panel 104 on the driving platform 1 and used for controlling the working speed shell.
The basic principles and the main features of the invention and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the foregoing embodiments and descriptions are provided only to illustrate the principles of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. A crawler-type universal chassis device suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces comprises a chassis frame (3), an engine (2), a driving platform (1), a gearbox (8), a transmission shaft group (9), a crawler group (7), a crawler driving wheel group (10), a crawler supporting wheel group (5), a crawler dragging wheel group (6) and a crawler tensioning wheel group (4), wherein the driving platform (1) is positioned at the left front end of the chassis frame (3), the engine (2) is positioned between the chassis frame (3) and the driving platform (1), the gearbox (8) is positioned at the lower front part of the chassis frame (3), the crawler-type universal chassis device is characterized in that the transmission shaft group (9) comprises a left transmission half shaft (901) and a right transmission half shaft (902) which are respectively positioned at two sides of the gearbox (8), the crawler group (7) comprises a left crawler (701) and a right crawler (702), the crawler driving wheel set (10) comprises a left driving wheel and a right driving wheel, and the left driving wheel is connected with a left transmission half shaft through a spline; the right drive wheel is connected with a right transmission half shaft (902) through a spline.
2. A tracked universal undercarriage arrangement suitable for walking on wet and soft fields according to claim 1 characterized in that said undercarriage frame (3) comprises a main frame (301) and track supporting beams (302), said main frame (301) is welded from square tubes of 30x30mm, 40x40mm and 40x60mm, total length is 3807mm, total width is 2163mm, height is 1036mm, said engine (2), driver's platform (1) and gearbox (8) are mounted on the main frame (301), said track group (7), track driving wheel group (10), track supporting wheel group (5), track dragging wheel group (6) and track tensioning wheel group (4) are mounted on the track supporting beams (302).
3. The crawler-type universal chassis device suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of mounting holes are formed on the chassis frame (3), and the threshing device or the bundling device is detachably mounted on the chassis frame (3) through the mounting holes.
4. A tracked universal undercarriage arrangement suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces according to claim 1 characterized in that said left track (701) and right track (702) each have a width of 340mm, a working length of 1700mm and a total length of 3906 mm.
5. The crawler-type universal chassis device suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces is characterized in that the crawler-type universal chassis device comprises a left crawler belt wheel (601) and a right crawler belt wheel (602), the left crawler belt wheel (601) is tightly attached to the upper side of the left crawler belt (701) and connected with the chassis frame (3) through bolts, and the right crawler belt wheel (602) is tightly attached to the upper side of the right crawler belt (702) and connected with the chassis frame (3) through bolts.
6. The crawler-type universal chassis device suitable for walking on wet and soft field pieces is characterized in that a driving platform (1) comprises a main control board (101), a seat (102), a device operating platform (103) and a walking control panel (104), and a clutch operating rod of the harvester can be connected with a gearbox through a hinge and penetrates through the main control board (101) to be positioned at the left front of the driving platform (1).
CN202021789933.0U 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces Active CN213083335U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021789933.0U CN213083335U (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021789933.0U CN213083335U (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213083335U true CN213083335U (en) 2021-04-30

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ID=75632168

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021789933.0U Active CN213083335U (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Crawler-type general chassis device suitable for walking of wet and soft field pieces

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213083335U (en)

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