CN213077752U - Particle dust separation and collection device - Google Patents

Particle dust separation and collection device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213077752U
CN213077752U CN202021275795.4U CN202021275795U CN213077752U CN 213077752 U CN213077752 U CN 213077752U CN 202021275795 U CN202021275795 U CN 202021275795U CN 213077752 U CN213077752 U CN 213077752U
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dust
air inlet
collecting
bin
cylinder
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刘春�
李建桥
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Beijing Lanting Science And Technology Equipment Co ltd
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Beijing Lanting Science And Technology Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The present application aims at providing a granule dust separation collection device, includes: the centrifugal fan blade is arranged on the barrel; the cylinder body is a cylindrical closed container structure consisting of a top end, a bottom end and a side wall; the centrifugal fan blade is arranged in the cylinder and close to the top end of the cylinder; the dust collecting opening is positioned at the joint of the bottom end and the side wall of the cylinder body; an air outlet is formed in the top end of the cylinder; the bottom end or the side wall of the cylinder body is provided with an air inlet; the centrifugal fan blades are adopted to output power to drive airflow to rotate and form circulating rotating airflow, and the dust separation effect is less influenced by the air inlet speed; on the other hand, the combination department of lateral wall and bottom is located to this application dust collection mouth, and dust collection mouth department wind pressure is big, and the dust receives the dual-action flow direction dust collection mouth of gravity and centrifugal force, therefore the effect of collecting the dust is better.

Description

Particle dust separation and collection device
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of machinery, especially, relate to a granule dust separation collection device.
Background
In industrial production, dust separation and filtration in air are always a difficult problem. Cyclone separation is the most common dust separation technology, the working principle of the cyclone separator is that the airflow is tangentially introduced to cause rotary motion, so that solid particles or liquid drops with larger inertial centrifugal force are thrown to the outer wall surface to be separated, and the technology has a simple structure and is convenient to maintain. Its disadvantages are mainly several: firstly, the separation efficiency is low, generally about 97%, and the cyclone separation generates rotating airflow by the initial speed of the airflow, so that the rotating speed and the rotating distance of the cyclone separation are limited to a certain extent, and the ideal separation effect is difficult to achieve; secondly, the rotary airflow is highly dependent on the air inlet amount, when the air amount is low, the air inlet speed is low, the centrifugal force generated by the rotary airflow is reduced, and the separation effect is reduced, so that the rotary airflow is not suitable for the working environment with uncertain air amount; when the dust moves downwards, the dust is easy to form wall hanging accumulation on the inner wall of the cone under the combined action of centrifugal force and the lower cone, and is difficult to clean; fourthly, active dust backflow cannot be realized in the operation process, and auxiliary equipment (such as an electric discharge valve and the like) is needed; there is therefore a need in the art for a new solution that overcomes or ameliorates the above-mentioned technical deficiencies.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present application aims to provide a particulate dust separating and collecting device which utilizes the centrifugal force and the gravity to separate and collect dust.
The application provides a granule dust separation collection device includes: the centrifugal fan blade is arranged on the barrel; the cylinder body is a cylindrical closed container structure consisting of a top end, a bottom end and a side wall; the centrifugal fan blade is arranged in the cylinder and close to the top end of the cylinder; the dust collecting opening is positioned at the joint of the bottom end and the side wall of the cylinder body; an air outlet is formed in the top end of the cylinder; the bottom end or the side wall of the cylinder body is provided with an air inlet.
Further, the particle dust separating and collecting device further comprises: a drive shaft; the driving shaft penetrates through the top end of the cylinder body and extends to the inside of the cylinder body; the driving shaft is positioned on the central axis of the cylinder, and the centrifugal fan blade is arranged on the driving shaft; the centrifugal fan blade is driven by the driving shaft to rotate.
Optionally, the air inlet includes: a first air inlet; the first air inlet is formed in the side wall of the barrel and located between the plane where the centrifugal fan blades are located and the bottom end.
Optionally, the air inlet includes: a second air inlet; the second air inlet is arranged on a pipeline connected with the dust collecting opening and communicated with the barrel through the dust collecting opening.
Optionally, the air inlet includes: a third air inlet; the third air inlet is formed at the bottom end of the barrel; the outer edge of the third air inlet is spaced from the side wall of the barrel by a preset distance, and the preset distance is greater than 10% of the radius length of the barrel.
Optionally, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further comprises: an exhaust fan, an exhaust pipeline and a motor; the exhaust fan is communicated to the exhaust outlet through the exhaust pipeline; the motor is connected with the driving shaft and used for driving the driving shaft to rotate.
Optionally, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further comprises: a dust collecting container, an inlet pipe; the dust collecting container is communicated with the dust collecting opening; one end of the inlet pipeline is communicated with the air inlet; the other end of the inlet pipeline is connected with a dust pulling cover or a trough or a powder outlet of the pulverizer.
Optionally, one end of the inlet pipeline is communicated with the first air inlet or the second air inlet, and the other end of the inlet pipeline is connected with a dust removing hood; or one end of the inlet pipeline is communicated with the second air inlet, and the other end of the inlet pipeline is connected with the material groove or the powder outlet of the pulverizer.
Optionally, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further comprises: the device comprises a boiling bin, a stock bin, a bottom bin and an air heating and filtering device; the boiling bin is of a cylindrical container structure with a closed upper end and an open lower end; the boiling bin is communicated to the air inlet and the dust collecting port respectively; the lower end of the boiling bin is butted and communicated with the stock bin; the lower end of the stock bin is butted and communicated with the bottom bin; the bottom bin is communicated to the air heating and filtering device; and external air flow sequentially passes through the air heating and filtering device, the bottom bin and the stock bin to enter the boiling bin.
Further, the boiling bin is provided with a first communication port and a second communication port; the boiling bin is communicated to the air inlet through the first communication port; the boiling bin is communicated to the dust collecting port through the second communication port; the first communication port is close to the upper end of the boiling bin; the second communication port is close to the lower end of the boiling bin.
This application adopts centrifugal fan blade output power, and the drive air current is rotatory to form the rotatory air current of circulation, the dust separation effect receives the influence of air inlet wind speed less. On the other hand, the combination department of lateral wall and bottom is located to the dust collecting opening of this application, and dust collecting opening department wind pressure is big, and the dust receives the dual function flow direction dust collecting opening of gravity and centrifugal force, therefore the effect of collecting the dust is better.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the present application will become more apparent upon reading of the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments thereof, made with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure;
FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of the spiral air flow of the inner and outer races of a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus of another embodiment provided herein;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus according to yet another embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus according to still another embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus according to another embodiment of the present application;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a particulate dust separating and collecting device according to another embodiment provided on the basis of the first embodiment of the present application.
Description of reference numerals:
10-a cylinder body; 101-top end; 102-bottom end; 103-side walls; 20-centrifugal fan blades; 30-a dust collecting port; 40-an air outlet; 50-air inlet; 501-a first air inlet; 502-a second air intake; 503-a third air inlet; 60-a drive shaft; 70-an exhaust fan; 80-an exhaust duct; 90-motor; 110-a dust collecting receptacle; 120-an inlet duct; 121-dust removal cover; 122-a trough; 130-boiling bin, 140-stock bin and 150-bottom bin; 160-air heating filter device; 131-a first communication port; 132 a second communication port; 011-outer-ring helical airflow; 012-inner spiral air flow.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to the attached figures. The following description, with reference to the accompanying drawings, is provided to facilitate a comprehensive understanding of various embodiments of the application as defined by the claims and their equivalents. These embodiments include various specific details for ease of understanding, but these are to be considered exemplary only. Accordingly, those skilled in the art will appreciate that various changes and modifications may be made to the various embodiments described herein without departing from the scope and spirit of the present application. In addition, descriptions of well-known functions and constructions will be omitted herein for brevity and clarity.
The terms and phrases used in the following specification and claims are not to be limited to the literal meaning, but are merely for the clear and consistent understanding of the application. Accordingly, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the description of the various embodiments of the present application is provided for illustration only and not for the purpose of limiting the application as defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in some embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It is to be understood that the terminology used in the embodiments of the present application is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only, and is not intended to be limiting of the application. As used in the examples of this application and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an", "the" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It should also be understood that the term "and/or" as used herein refers to and encompasses any and all possible combinations of one or more of the associated listed items. The expressions "first", "second", "third", "the first", "the second", and "the third" are used for modifying the respective elements without regard to order or importance, and are used only for distinguishing one element from another element without limiting the respective elements.
Example one
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment of the present application provides a particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus, including: a cylinder 10, a centrifugal fan blade 20 and a dust collecting opening 30;
the cylinder 10 is a cylindrical closed container structure composed of a top end 101, a bottom end 102 and a side wall 103;
the centrifugal fan blade 20 is arranged inside the cylinder 10 and close to the top end 101 of the cylinder 10; wherein, the centrifugal fan blade 20 can be self-driven or externally driven; when the centrifugal fan blade 20 is self-driven, the centrifugal fan blade 20 is provided with a driving device, and the driving device can be self-powered or externally connected with a power supply for supplying power;
the dust collecting opening 30 is positioned at the joint of the bottom end 102 and the side wall 103 of the cylinder body 10;
an air outlet 40 is formed in the top end 101 of the cylinder 10;
the bottom end 102 or the side wall 103 of the cylinder 10 is provided with an air inlet 50.
As shown in fig. 2, the centrifugal fan blade 20 rotates under the action of its own driving force or external driving force to form an outer-ring spiral airflow 011, the outer-ring spiral airflow 011 rotates along the side wall 103 of the cylinder 10 and moves to the bottom end 102, when reaching the bottom end 102 of the cylinder 10, the rotation radius of the outer-ring spiral airflow 011 decreases and moves to the center to form an inner-ring spiral airflow 012, the inner-ring spiral airflow 012 moves toward the centrifugal fan blade 20 while rotating, and when reaching the centrifugal fan blade 20, the inner-ring spiral airflow is accelerated again, the rotation radius increases and moves outward to form an outer-ring spiral airflow, and the above-mentioned steps are repeated. The rotation directions of the two air flows are consistent with the rotation direction of the centrifugal fan blade, but the translation directions of the two spiral air flows are opposite.
When the dust-containing air circulation air purifier is used, the air outlet 40 can be externally connected with an air exhaust device, under the action of the air exhaust device, part of air in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 can move towards the top end 101 and flows out of the cylinder 10 through the air outlet 40, so that a certain negative pressure is formed in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10, and dust-containing air flows into the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 through the air inlet 50 and is merged into the circulation air flow in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 under the action of the negative pressure. The dust in the inner spiral airflow 012 moves outwards under the action of the centrifugal force and merges into the outer spiral airflow 011, and the dust in the outer spiral airflow 011 moves towards the sidewall 103 of the barrel 10 under the action of the centrifugal force and is pushed towards the bottom end 102 of the barrel 10 by the airflow and flows towards the dust collection port 30 under the combined action of the centrifugal force and the gravity, so that the dust is separated and collected.
In addition, the barrel 10 of the present application has different characteristics due to different placement modes, and different placement modes can be selected according to process requirements.
The barrel can be horizontally placed or vertically placed or obliquely placed, and when the barrel is vertically or obliquely placed, the top end of the barrel faces upwards. When the drum is placed horizontally or obliquely, the dust collection port 30 is opened downward.
The first method is as follows: the cylinder 10 is vertically placed, that is, the central axis of the cylinder 10 is vertical to the ground, which has the following advantages: when the dust collecting device is vertically placed, downward gravity borne by dust is beneficial to the dust to move to the bottom end of the cylinder body, so that wall hanging can be reduced, and residual dust can be cleaned from the cylinder wall after the machine is stopped; the cylinder 10 can be directly connected with dust production equipment, so that the structure is simplified; the area occupied by the equipment can be reduced. The disadvantages are that: the equipment is overall higher and is not beneficial to maintenance.
The second method comprises the following steps: the barrel 10 is horizontally arranged, and has the advantages that: the overall height of the equipment is low, the maintenance is easy, and the requirement on the height of a workshop is not high; the dust collecting effect is good, and the dust is easy to move to the dust collecting opening under the dual action of gravity and centrifugal force, so that the local accumulation in the barrel body 10 can not be caused. The disadvantages are that: the occupied area is large.
The third method comprises the following steps: the barrel is obliquely arranged, and the characteristics of vertical arrangement and horizontal arrangement are considered.
Optionally, the barrel 10 of the present application is externally provided with a placing support adapted to the barrel, and when the barrel 10 is placed on the placing support, the barrel 10 has a predetermined inclination angle, optionally, the predetermined inclination angle is between 30 degrees and 75 degrees, and preferably 45 degrees.
As an optional embodiment, the particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus further comprises: a drive shaft 60;
the driving shaft 60 extends through the top end of the cylinder 10 to the inside of the cylinder 10; and, the driving shaft 60 is located on the central axis of the cylinder 10; the centrifugal fan blade 20 is arranged on the driving shaft 60; the centrifugal fan blade 20 is driven by the driving shaft 60 to rotate.
This application adopts centrifugal fan blade output power, and the drive air current is rotatory to form the rotatory air current of circulation, the dust separation effect receives the influence of air inlet wind speed less. On the other hand, the combination department of lateral wall and bottom is located to this application dust collection mouth, and dust collection mouth department wind pressure is big, and the dust receives the dual-action flow direction dust collection mouth of gravity and centrifugal force, therefore the effect of collecting the dust is better.
The air inlet has three opening modes 501, 502 and 503, has different characteristics, and can select different opening modes according to different process requirements.
The first opening mode is as follows:
as an alternative embodiment, the intake vent 50 includes: the first air inlet 501 is also called a side wall air inlet; the first air inlet 501 is formed in the side wall 103 of the cylinder 10 and located between the plane of the centrifugal fan blade 20 and the bottom end 102. The opening mode is selected, so that the travel distance of the dust-containing gas in the cylinder body is longest, and the dust separation effect is best. Preferably, the side wall air inlet is tangent to the side wall of the cylinder, the air inlet direction is consistent with the rotation direction of the fan blades, and the air flow rotation speed in the cylinder can be further improved. The disadvantages of this opening method are: the dust has large abrasion to the inner wall of the cylinder body and large wind pressure loss. Combining the above factors, the side wall opening is suitable for the technological occasions with lower dust content and finer dust.
The second opening mode:
as an alternative embodiment, the intake vent 50 includes: the second intake vent 502 is also referred to as a manifold vent; the second air inlet 502 is arranged on a pipeline connected with the dust collecting port 30 and communicated with the cylinder 10 through the dust collecting port 30; by adopting the opening mode, a large amount of dust can directly flow into the dust collecting container connected with the dust collecting opening under the action of gravity, and only a small amount of dust enters the barrel body, so that the contact between the dust and the barrel body is reduced, and the dust collecting device is suitable for technical occasions with large dust content.
The opening mode is three:
as an alternative embodiment, the intake vent 50 includes: the third air inlet 503 is also called a bottom air inlet; the third air inlet 503 is opened at the bottom end 102 of the barrel 10; the outer edge of the third air inlet 503 is spaced from the sidewall 103 of the barrel 10 by a predetermined distance, and the predetermined distance is greater than 10% of the radius length of the barrel 10. By adopting the opening mode, the air pressure at the air inlet is at a lower point and is lower than the air pressure of the dust collecting opening, when the air inlet and the dust collecting opening are connected with the same working chamber, the dust collecting opening can realize automatic backflow, and the dust collecting device is particularly suitable for process occasions needing dust backflow.
In the scheme of the present application, at least one opening manner may be selected, and for convenience of understanding and illustration, three opening manners are shown in fig. 1 of the present application at the same time, but it should be understood that one opening manner, or any two opening manners or three opening manners at the same time may be adopted in the present application. Preferably, one of the opening modes can be selected according to different process occasions.
As an alternative embodiment, as shown in fig. 3, the particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus includes: an exhaust fan 70, an exhaust duct 80, and a motor 90;
wherein, the exhaust fan 70 is communicated to the exhaust outlet 40 through the exhaust duct 80;
the motor 90 is connected to the driving shaft 60 and is used for driving the driving shaft 60 to rotate.
Example two
As shown in fig. 4, according to another aspect of the present application, on the basis of the first embodiment of the present application, a second embodiment is provided, in which a cylinder is placed horizontally or obliquely, and other auxiliary structures are added in a manner of using the first air inlet 501 or the second air inlet 502, so as to achieve powder or particle conveying and separating functions;
specifically, on the basis of the first embodiment, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further includes: dust collecting receptacle 110, inlet conduit 120; the dust collecting receptacle 110 communicating with the dust collecting port 30; one end of the inlet pipe 120 is communicated with the air inlet 50; the other end of the inlet pipeline 120 is connected with a dust pulling cover 121, and can also be connected with a trough or a powder outlet of a pulverizer, and the second embodiment takes the connection with the dust pulling cover 121 as an example; one end of the inlet pipeline 120 is communicated with the first air inlet 501 or the second air inlet 502, and the other end of the inlet pipeline 120 is connected with a dust removing hood; the mode can realize the effect of the dust collector and can effectively separate the sucked dust.
When the centrifugal fan blade is used, firstly, the equipment power system is started, the motor 90 drives the driving shaft 60 and the centrifugal fan blade 20 to rotate at a high speed to form an outer ring spiral airflow 011, the outer ring spiral airflow 011 rotates along the side wall 103 of the cylinder 10 and moves towards the bottom end 102, after the outer ring spiral airflow 011 reaches the bottom end 102 of the cylinder 10, the rotation radius is reduced, the outer ring spiral airflow 012 moves towards the center, the inner ring spiral airflow 012 moves towards the direction of the centrifugal fan blade 20 while rotating, after the inner ring spiral airflow 012 reaches the centrifugal fan blade 20, the acceleration is carried out again, the rotation radius is increased, the outer ring spiral airflow 011 is formed by moving. The rotation directions of the two air flows are consistent with the rotation direction of the centrifugal fan blade 20, but the translation directions of the two spiral air flows are opposite. Under the action of the exhaust fan 70 and the exhaust duct 80, part of air in the inner cavity of the cylinder moves towards the top end 101 and flows out of the cylinder 10 through the exhaust outlet 40, and dust-containing air flows enter the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 through the dust extraction hood 121, the first air inlet 501 or the second air inlet 502 under the action of negative pressure and is merged into spiral air flow in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10. The dust is separated by the centrifugal force and finally flows into the dust collecting port 30, and the dust entering the dust collecting port 30 further flows into the dust collecting container 110, thereby achieving the purpose of separating and collecting the dust.
EXAMPLE III
As shown in fig. 5, according to another aspect of the present application, a third embodiment is provided on the basis of the first embodiment of the present application, in which a cylinder is placed horizontally or obliquely, and a second air inlet is added with other auxiliary structures, so as to achieve the powder or particle conveying and separating functions.
Specifically, on the basis of the first embodiment, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further includes: dust collecting receptacle 110, inlet conduit 120; the dust collecting receptacle 110 communicating with the dust collecting port 30; one end of the inlet pipe 120 is communicated with the air inlet 50; the other end of the inlet pipe 120 is connected to a trough 122.
Or, one end of the inlet pipeline 120 is communicated with the second air inlet 502, and the other end of the inlet pipeline 120 is connected with the trough 122, so as to realize the function of the feeding machine.
Firstly, a power system of the equipment is started, a motor 90 drives a driving shaft 60 and a centrifugal fan blade 20 to rotate at a high speed to form an outer ring spiral airflow 011, the outer ring spiral airflow 011 rotates along a side wall 103 of a cylinder 10 and moves towards a bottom end 102, after reaching the bottom end 102 of the cylinder 10, the rotation radius is reduced, the outer ring spiral airflow 011 moves towards the center to form an inner ring spiral airflow 012, the inner ring spiral airflow (012) moves towards the centrifugal fan blade 20 while rotating, after reaching the centrifugal fan blade 20, the rotation radius is increased again, the outer ring spiral airflow 011 moves outwards, and the steps are repeated. The rotation directions of the two air flows are consistent with the rotation direction of the centrifugal fan blade 20, but the translation directions of the two spiral air flows are opposite. Under the action of the exhaust fan 70 and the exhaust duct 80, part of the air in the inner cavity of the cylinder moves to the top end 101 and flows out of the cylinder 10 through the exhaust port 40, so that a certain negative pressure is formed in the inner cavity of the cylinder. The material in the trough 122 enters the second air inlet 502 through the inlet pipe 120 under the action of negative pressure, most of the material directly enters the dust collecting container 110 under the action of gravity, and a small amount of the material enters the circulating air flow which is merged into the inner cavity of the barrel 10 by the barrel 10. The dust is separated by the centrifugal force and finally flows into the dust collecting port 30, and the dust entering the dust collecting port 30 further flows into the dust collecting container 110, thereby achieving the purpose of separating and collecting the powder or the particulate material.
Alternatively, the inlet pipe 120 in this embodiment may be a pulverizer powder collector, for example, if it is connected to the pulverizer powder outlet; if the dust collector is connected with a dust collection cover, the dust collector in the second embodiment can be formed.
Example four
As shown in fig. 6, according to another aspect of the present application, a third embodiment is provided on the basis of the first embodiment of the present application, and a part of other auxiliary structures is added in a manner that the cylinder is placed horizontally or obliquely and bottom air is supplied (third air inlet), so that the function of the fluidized bed dryer can be realized.
Specifically, the particulate dust separating and collecting device further comprises: a boiling bin 130, a storage bin 140, a bottom bin 150 and an air heating and filtering device 160; the boiling bin 130 is a cylindrical container structure with a closed upper end and an open lower end; the boiling bin 130 is respectively communicated to the air inlet 50 and the dust collecting port 30; the lower end of the boiling bin 130 is butted and communicated with the bin 140; the lower end of the stock bin 140 is butted and communicated with the bottom bin 150; the bottom bin 150 is communicated to the air heating and filtering device 160; the external air flow enters the boiling bin 130 through the air heating and filtering device 160, the bottom bin 150 and the stock bin 140 in sequence. The lower part of the silo 140 is provided with a screen 141, and the material is positioned above the screen 141.
Further, the boiling bin 130 has a first communication port 131 and a second communication port 132; the boiling bin 130 is communicated to the air inlet 50 through the first communication port 131, and is preferably a third air inlet 503; the boiling bin 130 is communicated to the dust collection port 30 through the second communication port 132; the first communication port 131 is close to the upper end of the boiling bin 130; the second communication port 132 is near the lower end of the boiling bin 130.
Firstly, starting an equipment power system, driving a driving shaft 60 and a centrifugal fan blade 20 to rotate at a high speed by a motor 90 to form an outer ring spiral airflow 011, wherein the outer ring spiral airflow 011 rotates along the side wall of a cylinder 10 and moves towards the bottom end, the rotation radius of the outer ring spiral airflow 011 is reduced after reaching the bottom end of the cylinder 10 and moves towards the center to form an inner ring spiral airflow 012, the inner ring spiral airflow 012 rotates and moves towards the direction of the centrifugal fan blade 20, the inner ring spiral airflow 012 is accelerated again after reaching the centrifugal fan blade 20, the rotation radius is increased and moves outwards to form an outer ring spiral airflow 011, and the steps are. The rotation directions of the two air flows are consistent with the rotation direction of the centrifugal fan blade 20, but the translation directions of the two spiral air flows are opposite. Under the action of the exhaust fan 70, part of the air in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 will move to the top end and flow out of the cylinder 40 through the exhaust outlet 40 and the exhaust duct, so that a certain negative pressure is formed in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10. The air passes through the air heating and filtering device 160, the bottom bin 150, the screen and the bin 140 in sequence under the action of negative pressure and enters the boiling bin 130, so that the materials are in a fluidized state. At this time, fine particles in the material inside the fluidized bed 130 enter the inner cavity of the cylinder 10 through the third air inlet 530 under the action of the air flow, and then are merged into the circulating air flow in the inner cavity of the cylinder 10, and the dust and the fine particles are separated under the action of the centrifugal force and finally flow into the dust collecting port 30, and flow back into the fluidized bed 130 through the return pipe, so that the dust separation and the return flow are realized.
Traditional cyclone relies on the air inlet initial velocity drive air current rotatory, and the rotational speed is little, and the separation effect easily receives the air inlet amount of wind to influence. On the other hand, the dust is collected through the lower part toper structure to traditional cyclone, and the dust is easily piled up at the cone inner wall, and then is taken out by central cyclone, reduces the separation effect. This application adopts centrifugal fan blade output power, and the drive air current is rotatory to form the rotatory air current of circulation, the dust separation effect receives the influence of air inlet wind speed less. On the other hand, the combination department of lateral wall and bottom is located to this application dust collection mouth, and dust collection mouth department wind pressure is big, and the dust receives the dual-action flow direction dust collection mouth of gravity and centrifugal force, therefore the effect of collecting the dust is better.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the present application is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present application may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the application being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned. Furthermore, it is obvious that the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the singular does not exclude the plural. A plurality of units or means recited in the apparatus claims may also be implemented by one unit or means in software or hardware. The terms first, second, etc. are used to denote names, but not any particular order.

Claims (10)

1. A particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus, comprising: the device comprises a cylinder body (10), a centrifugal fan blade (20) and a dust collecting opening (30);
the cylinder body (10) is a cylindrical closed container structure consisting of a top end (101), a bottom end (102) and a side wall (103);
the centrifugal fan blade (20) is arranged in the barrel (10) and close to the top end (101) of the barrel (10);
the dust collection opening (30) is positioned at the joint of the bottom end (102) and the side wall (103) of the barrel body (10);
an air outlet (40) is formed in the top end (101) of the cylinder body (10);
the bottom end (102) or the side wall (103) of the cylinder body (10) is provided with an air inlet (50).
2. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus of claim 1, further comprising: a drive shaft (60);
the driving shaft (60) penetrates through the top end of the barrel body (10) and extends to the inside of the barrel body (10);
the driving shaft (60) is positioned on the central axis of the cylinder body (10);
the centrifugal fan blade (20) is arranged on the driving shaft (60);
the centrifugal fan blade (20) is driven by the driving shaft (60) to rotate.
3. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the air inlet (50) comprises: a first air inlet (501);
the first air inlet (501) is formed in the side wall (103) of the barrel (10) and is located between the plane of the centrifugal fan blade (20) and the bottom end (102).
4. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the air inlet (50) comprises: a second air inlet (502);
the second air inlet (502) is arranged on a pipeline connected with the dust collecting opening (30) and communicated with the cylinder body (10) through the dust collecting opening (30).
5. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the air inlet (50) comprises: a third air inlet (503);
the third air inlet (503) is formed in the bottom end (102) of the barrel (10);
the outer edge of the third air inlet (503) is spaced from the side wall (103) of the barrel (10) by a preset distance, and the preset distance is more than 10% of the radius length of the barrel (10).
6. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 2, comprising: an exhaust fan (70), an exhaust duct (80) and a motor (90);
wherein the exhaust fan (70) is communicated to the exhaust outlet (40) through the exhaust pipeline (80);
the motor (90) is connected with the driving shaft (60) and is used for driving the driving shaft (60) to rotate.
7. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising: a dust collecting receptacle (110), an inlet duct (120);
the dust collection container (110) is communicated with the dust collection opening (30);
one end of the inlet pipeline (120) is communicated with the air inlet (50);
the other end of the inlet pipeline (120) is connected with a dust pulling cover or a trough or a powder outlet of the pulverizer.
8. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 7,
one end of the inlet pipeline (120) is communicated with the first air inlet (501) or the second air inlet (502), and the other end of the inlet pipeline (120) is connected with the dust removing cover;
or one end of the inlet pipeline (120) is communicated with the second air inlet (502), and the other end of the inlet pipeline (120) is connected with the material groove or the powder outlet of the pulverizer.
9. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus of claim 5, further comprising:
a boiling bin (130), a storage bin (140), a bottom bin (150) and an air heating and filtering device (160);
the boiling bin (130) is of a cylindrical container structure with a closed upper end and an open lower end;
the boiling bin (130) is communicated to the air inlet (50) and the dust collecting port (30) respectively;
the lower end of the boiling bin (130) is butted and communicated with the bin (140);
the lower end of the stock bin (140) is butted and communicated with the bottom bin (150);
the bottom bin (150) is communicated to the air heating and filtering device (160);
the external air flow enters the boiling bin (130) through the air heating and filtering device (160), the bottom bin (150) and the storage bin (140) in sequence.
10. The particulate dust separating and collecting apparatus as claimed in claim 9,
the boiling bin (130) is provided with a first communication port (131) and a second communication port (132);
the boiling bin (130) is communicated to the air inlet (50) through the first communication port (131);
the boiling bin (130) is communicated to the dust collecting port (30) through the second communication port (132);
the first communication port (131) is close to the upper end of the boiling bin (130);
the second communication port (132) is near the lower end of the boiling bin (130).
CN202021275795.4U 2020-07-03 2020-07-03 Particle dust separation and collection device Active CN213077752U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021275795.4U CN213077752U (en) 2020-07-03 2020-07-03 Particle dust separation and collection device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021275795.4U CN213077752U (en) 2020-07-03 2020-07-03 Particle dust separation and collection device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213077752U true CN213077752U (en) 2021-04-30

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213077752U (en)

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