CN213037388U - Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV - Google Patents

Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213037388U
CN213037388U CN202021039438.8U CN202021039438U CN213037388U CN 213037388 U CN213037388 U CN 213037388U CN 202021039438 U CN202021039438 U CN 202021039438U CN 213037388 U CN213037388 U CN 213037388U
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China
Prior art keywords
agv
fork
vehicle controller
goods
place
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CN202021039438.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜跃君
王焘
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Anhui Yiousi Logistics Robot Co ltd
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Anhui Yiousi Logistics Robot Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a fork truck type AGV automatic stacking safety detection device, which belongs to the technical field of AGV and is applied to an AGV body, wherein the AGV body is controlled by a whole vehicle controller to work, comprises a detection assembly arranged on the AGV body, and the detection assembly is electrically connected with the whole vehicle controller, and comprises an in-place detection photoelectric switch arranged on one side of the AGV body facing to goods, and used for determining the position of the AGV body reaching the goods by outputting signals to the whole vehicle controller; the fork leg safety switch is installed at the advancing end of the AGV fork leg and used for determining that the AGV fork leg collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller; and the fork safety switch is arranged at the advancing end of the AGV fork, and determines that the AGV fork collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller. Can effectively prevent AGV automobile body and goods from putting tray collision through fork leg safety switch and fork safety switch.

Description

Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a AGV technical field, in particular to automatic stack safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV.
Background
AGVs, known as Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs), refer to vehicles equipped with Automated guidance devices and capable of traveling along a predetermined guidance path. The AGV has wide application and can replace manual work to complete work tasks such as stacking, unstacking, carrying and the like in a storage environment. And in the operation of AGV, especially in the operation of fork formula AGV, to the precision requirement high of guide and location, when transporting the goods, the goods is put on the tray, is equipped with the fork hole on the tray, and fork formula AGV inserts the fork hole of tray after then rise and descend to get and put the goods. When the AGV location is not just punctual, appointed goods can not be got to the fork on the one hand of stretching out, and on the other hand, probably take place to interfere and collide with goods shelves or tray, has not only reduced work efficiency, has still increased very big potential safety hazard.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses an aim at just lies in order to solve the inaccurate fork that easily leads to of above-mentioned AGV location and goods shelves or tray bump, reduces work efficiency, has the problem of potential safety hazard and proposes a fork truck formula AGV automatic stack safety inspection device, has and avoids fork and fork leg and goods shelves or tray bump through safety switch, increases the security, improves the advantage of the accurate nature of stack through the switch that targets in place.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes above-mentioned purpose, an automatic stack safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV uses on the AGV automobile body, the AGV automobile body is by vehicle control unit control work, including installing detection module on the AGV automobile body, this detection module with vehicle control unit electric connection, detection module includes:
the in-place detection photoelectric switch is arranged on one side, facing the goods, of the AGV body, and the position, reaching the goods, of the AGV body is determined by outputting signals to the whole vehicle controller;
the fork leg safety switch is installed at the advancing end of the AGV fork leg and used for determining that the AGV fork leg collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller;
and the fork safety switch is arranged at the advancing end of the AGV fork, and determines that the AGV fork collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller.
Preferably, the AGV fork is equipped with two, and the bottom installs first micro-gap switch that targets in place and the micro-gap switch that targets in place of second respectively.
Preferably, the first in-place microswitch and the second in-place microswitch are both electrically connected with the whole vehicle controller, and after the AGV fork descends for a period, if the two switches do not output electric signals to the whole vehicle controller at the same time, the whole vehicle controller controls the AGV body to stop working.
Preferably, the AGV fork is driven by the lifting assembly to lift up and down, and a height encoder is further installed on the AGV body, and the lifting height of each stage of the AGV fork is set through the height encoder.
Preferably, the AGV body is controlled by a driving assembly to move.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the fork leg safety switch and the fork safety switch can effectively prevent the fork and the fork leg from interfering and colliding with the cargo tray, improve the working efficiency and reduce the potential safety hazard.
2. First micro-gap switch and the second micro-gap switch that targets in place are installed respectively through the bottom at two forks, and when the stack, two switches can detect whether the fork was placed on the goods shelves, and only two beginning simultaneous output signal then indicate that the fork is placed and target in place, just can continue to accomplish stack work this moment, improve this AGV's use accuracy.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is the utility model discloses an AGV automobile body overall structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the schematic view of the mounting structure of the two-position microswitch of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the utility model discloses an inside component structure schematic diagram of AGV automobile body.
In the figure: 1. the AGV comprises an AGV body, 101, in-place detection photoelectric switches, 2, AGV fork legs, 201, fork leg safety switches, 3, a lifting assembly, 4, an AGV fork, 401, fork safety switches, 402, a first in-place micro switch, 403, a second in-place micro switch, 5, a height encoder, 6, a whole vehicle controller, 7 and a driving assembly.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, a fork truck formula automatic stack safety inspection device of AGV uses on AGV automobile body 1, and AGV automobile body 1 is by vehicle control unit 6 control work, including installing the determine module on AGV automobile body 1, vehicle control unit 6 is used for driving AGV automobile body 1 and accomplishes the stack, gets goods work, and determine module's signal also sends for vehicle control unit 6, makes it at the stack, gets goods in-process and detects, if there is abnormal state to take place, then controls AGV automobile body 1 through vehicle control unit 6 and stops the operation.
This detection element and vehicle control unit 6 electric connection, detection element includes:
the in-place detection photoelectric switch 101 is installed on one surface, facing the goods, of the AGV body 1, signals are output to the whole vehicle controller 6 to determine that the AGV body 1 reaches the goods position, when the in-place detection photoelectric switch 101 sends out electric signals, it is indicated that the AGV forks 4 are inserted into fork holes in a goods tray, and the AGV body 1 can perform the next stacking or goods taking work;
the fork leg safety switch 201 is installed at the forward end of the AGV fork leg 2, and determines that the AGV fork leg 2 collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller 6; fork safety switch 401 installs the end of advancing at AGV fork 4, confirm AGV fork 4 collision through outputting signal to vehicle control unit 6, fork leg safety switch 201 and fork safety switch 401 are no matter which signal of telecommunication that sends, explain this safety switch produces the collision, vehicle control unit 6 received the signal this moment, stop AGV automobile body 1's operation, avoid continuing the operation to lead to AGV fork 4 or AGV fork leg 2 to produce the incident because of the collision, can improve the security of AGV automobile body 1 work effectively through two safety switch.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, two AGV forks 4 are provided, and a first in-place micro switch 402 and a second in-place micro switch 403 are respectively installed at the bottom of each AGV fork 4, the first in-place micro switch 402 and the second in-place micro switch 403 are both electrically connected to the vehicle controller 6, after the AGV forks 4 descend for a period, if the two switches do not simultaneously output electric signals to the vehicle controller 6, the vehicle controller 6 controls the AGV body 1 to stop working, the first in-place micro switch 402 and the second in-place micro switch 403 are used for detecting whether the bottoms of the two AGV forks 4 touch an obstacle, if so, an electric signal is output, when stacking, the AGV forks 4 need to descend with the load, whether the AGV forks 4 are placed in place is judged by whether the vehicle controller 6 receives a signal from the micro switch, the first in-place micro switch 402 and the second in-place micro switch 403 are independent, if the whole vehicle controller 6 receives only one path of signal, it is described that one AGV fork 4 does not reach the proper position, at this time, the whole vehicle controller 6 controls the AGV body 1 to stop working, if the whole vehicle controller 6 receives two paths of signals, it is described that two AGV forks 4 reach the proper positions, at this time, the next step of operation can be continued, namely, stacking operation.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the AGV forks 4 are driven by the lifting assembly 3 to lift up and down, the AGV body 1 is further provided with a height encoder 5, the lifting height of each stage of the AGV forks 4 is set by the height encoder 5, and the AGV body 1 is controlled by the driving assembly 7 to move.
The encoder is a device which compiles and converts signals such as bit streams or data into signal forms which can be used for communication, transmission and storage, and the height encoder 5 is an instrument for setting the lifting height, and is widely applied to full-automatic lifting equipment, so the working principle of the full-automatic lifting equipment is not repeated.
When a forklift type AGV takes goods, the whole vehicle controller 6 drives the AGV body 1 to reach a goods placing position, and then drives the AGV forks 4 to be inserted into goods fork holes on a goods tray, if the whole vehicle controller 6 detects a signal of any one of the fork leg safety switches 2 or the fork safety switches 401, the whole vehicle controller stops working, and if the whole vehicle controller does not detect the signal of any one of the fork leg safety switches 2 or the fork safety switches 401, the goods are lifted up through the lifting assembly 3 and leave a goods shelf; during stacking, the AGV forks 4 move the goods downwards for a period and place the goods on the goods shelf, if signals of the first in-place micro switch 402 and the second in-place micro switch 403 are not detected simultaneously, it is indicated that the AGV forks 4 are not in place, the whole vehicle controller 6 controls the AGV body 1 to stop working, and if the signals are detected, the next-step goods discharging operation is started, so that the safe stacking of the AGV is realized.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides an automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV uses on AGV automobile body (1), AGV automobile body (1) is by vehicle control unit (6) control work, including installing detection module on AGV automobile body (1), this detection module with vehicle control unit (6) electric connection, its characterized in that, detection module includes:
the in-place detection photoelectric switch (101) is installed on one side, facing the goods, of the AGV body (1), and the position, reaching the goods, of the AGV body (1) is determined by outputting signals to the whole vehicle controller (6);
the fork leg safety switch (201) is installed at the advancing end of the AGV fork leg (2) and used for determining that the AGV fork leg (2) collides by outputting a signal to the whole vehicle controller (6);
a fork safety switch (401) installed at the forward end of the AGV fork (4) and determining that the AGV fork (4) collides by outputting a signal to the entire vehicle controller (6);
AGV fork (4) are equipped with two, and the bottom installs first micro-gap switch (402) that targets in place and second micro-gap switch (403) that targets in place respectively, first micro-gap switch (402) that targets in place and second micro-gap switch (403) that targets in place all with vehicle control unit (6) electric connection, after AGV fork (4) decline a stage, if two switches do not export the signal of telecommunication to vehicle control unit (6) simultaneously, then vehicle control unit (6) control AGV automobile body (1) stop work.
2. The AGV automatic stacking safety detecting device of claim 1, wherein the AGV forks (4) are driven by the lifting assembly (3) to lift up and down, and the height encoder (5) is further installed on the AGV body (1), and the lifting height of each stage of the AGV forks (4) is set through the height encoder (5).
3. The AGV automatic stacking safety detecting device of claim 2, wherein the AGV body (1) is controlled by a driving assembly (7) to move.
CN202021039438.8U 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV Active CN213037388U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021039438.8U CN213037388U (en) 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021039438.8U CN213037388U (en) 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213037388U true CN213037388U (en) 2021-04-23

Family

ID=75523282

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021039438.8U Active CN213037388U (en) 2020-06-09 2020-06-09 Automatic stacking safety inspection device of fork truck formula AGV

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213037388U (en)

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