Air suction type cleaning device for deeply removing rice sundry dust
The utility model belongs to the processing equipment field of rice, concretely relates to be used for carrying out the degree of depth to rice and detaching formula of induced drafting cleaning device who mixes debris and dust.
The rice is obtained by removing glume from rice, which is called brown rice, grinding the brown rice to remove rice bran layer, and in the process of processing rice, the rice needs to be screened, so that mixed straw, rice leaves, stones and other impurities are clear.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a formula of induced drafting cleaning device that can improve screening cleaning efficiency and clearance effect to rice cereal.
In order to realize the above purpose, the utility model discloses a technical scheme be, an induced draft formula cleaning device of rice debris dust is detached to degree of depth, including square support body and lower hopper, lower hopper is fixed in square support body, and its structural feature is, is equipped with stone machine and the suction portion of dispelling by supreme setting down on the square support body, is equipped with compound hopper in the suction portion, compound hopper and dispelling to be equipped with dustproof intercommunication cover between the stone machine, the below of lower hopper be equipped with the fixed hierarchical screening portion of square support body, be equipped with out the hopper and go out the hopper and be equipped with the resorption pipeline between the hopper in the hierarchical screening portion.
Further, the classified screening portion comprises a peripheral plate, an upper screening plate, a middle screening plate and a lower bottom supporting plate, wherein the upper screening plate, the middle screening plate and the lower bottom supporting plate are surrounded by the peripheral plate and are all obliquely arranged, the side edge of the middle screening plate is in butt joint with a discharge hopper, a screening area and a blanking area are arranged on the upper screening plate, the screening area is composed of waist-shaped strip holes, and the blanking area is composed of circular hole arrays.
Furthermore, a secondary screening hole is arranged on the middle screening plate, and the diameter of the secondary screening hole is smaller than the width of the waist-shaped strip hole and the diameter of the round hole.
Furthermore, the lower end of the discharging hopper is provided with a limiting plate, a slide way with a U-shaped section is fixed on the side edge of the limiting plate, and an inserting plate capable of being pulled out is matched in the slide way.
Furthermore, the inserting plate is connected with a transverse pull rod, the tail end of the transverse pull rod is hinged with a vertical pressure rod, and the vertical pressure rod is connected with a supporting part extending horizontally.
Furthermore, the square frame body is provided with a rotating shaft which is positioned on the side of the grading and screening part, the two ends of the rotating shaft are respectively provided with a linkage wheel and an end wheel disc, the end wheel disc is provided with a shaft head rod which is positioned at a non-circle center position, and the shaft head rod is hinged with the grading and screening part through an intermediate rod.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: can carry out multi-level screening clearance with rice cereal to effectual debris such as straw, rice leaf and the stone that mix in with rice cereal clear up, and adopt mechanized processing, improve the efficiency of screening clearance.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of the classifying and screening section of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the upper screening plate of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the middle layer screening plate of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a connection structure between the rotary shaft and the classifying and screening portion of the present invention;
wherein, 1-square frame body, 2-blanking hopper, 3-stone removing machine, 4-suction part, 5-complex feeding hopper, 6-dustproof communicating cover, 7-grading screening part, 8-blanking hopper, 9-suck back pipeline, 10-observation port, 11-impurity removing port, 12-lower opening, 13-adjusting plate, 14-peripheral plate, 15-upper screening plate, 16-middle screening plate, 17-lower bottom supporting plate, 18-screening area, 19-blanking area, 20-kidney-shaped bar hole, 21-round hole, 22-secondary screening hole, 23-limiting plate, 24-slideway, 25-inserting plate, 26-horizontal pull rod, 27-vertical compression rod, 28-supporting part, 29-rotating shaft and 30-interlocking wheel, 31-end wheel disc, 32-axle head rod, 33-middle rod and 34-auxiliary configuration frame.
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention based on the embodiments of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, an air suction type cleaning device for deeply removing rice impurity dust comprises a square frame body 1 and a lower hopper 2, wherein the lower hopper 2 is fixed in the square frame body 1, a stone removing machine 3 and a suction part 4 are arranged from bottom to top on the square frame body 1, a re-feeding hopper 5 is arranged on the suction part 4, a dustproof communicating cover 6 is arranged between the re-feeding hopper 5 and the stone removing machine 3, the dustproof communicating cover 6 is made of non-woven fabrics, a grading screening part 7 fixed with the square frame body 1 is arranged below the lower hopper 2, a discharge hopper 8 is arranged on the grading screening part 7, a back suction pipeline 9 is arranged between the discharge hopper 8 and the re-feeding hopper 5, when rice grains are cleaned, the rice grains are poured from the lower hopper 2 and then fall on the grading screening part 7, and are cleaned by the grading screening part 7 and then flow out from the discharge hopper 8, then the rice grains after flowing out are sucked and reflowed by a suck-back pipeline 9, meanwhile, the sucking part 4 is an existing wind sucking device, fan blades positioned in a dustproof communicating cover 6 are arranged below the sucking part 4, the rice grains sucked and reflowed enter the trash remover 3, in the process, the sucking part 4 can suck out fine dust so as to realize the separation of the dust and the rice grains, further screening the rice grains, an observation port 10 and a sundry removing port 11 are arranged on the trash remover 3, a detachable sealing cover is matched on the sundry removing port 11, the sealing cover is plugged in the sundry removing port 11 during screening, when the sundries in the trash remover are required to be cleaned, the sealing cover can be taken down, the trash remover 3 is obliquely arranged, the high-level end is used for discharging the sundries, the low-level end is used for discharging the rice grains, a sieve plate which is also obliquely arranged in the trash remover 3 and is used for separating the rice grains from the sundries, the high-position end of the stone remover 3 is provided with a lower opening 12, the lower opening 12 is screwed with an adjusting plate 13 for adjusting the opening gap, the outflow speed of the stones can be adjusted by adjusting the size of the gap between the adjusting plate 13 and the lower opening 12, in addition, the grading and screening part 7 comprises a peripheral plate 14, an upper screening plate 15, a middle screening plate 16 and a lower bottom supporting plate 17 which are surrounded by the peripheral plate 14 and are all obliquely arranged, the side edge of the middle screening plate 16 is butted with the discharge hopper 8, the upper screening plate 15 is provided with a screening area 18 and a blanking area 19, the screening area 18 consists of kidney-shaped strip holes 20, the width of the kidney-shaped strip holes 20 is 0.4cm, the blanking area 19 consists of a circular hole 21 array, the diameter of the circular hole 21 is 0.8cm, the middle screening plate 16 is provided with a secondary screening hole 22, the diameter of the secondary screening hole 22 is smaller than the width of the kidney-shaped strip holes 20 and the diameter of the circular hole 21, the specific diameter of the secondary screening hole 22 is 0., after the rice grains which are not screened and cleaned flow out from the discharge hopper, the rice grains firstly pass through the upper-layer screening plate 15 to be screened for the first time, impurities are left on the upper-layer screening plate 15, the rice grains fall down from the circular holes 21 and the waist-shaped strip holes 20 and then fall on the middle-layer screening plate 16, dust and small-diameter impurities mixed in the rice grains fall down from the secondary screening holes 22, the rice grains are discharged from the discharge hopper 8, and the diameter of the secondary screening holes 22 is smaller than the average diameter of the rice grains.
In addition, a limiting plate 23 is arranged at the lower end of the discharging hopper 2, a slide way 24 with a U-shaped section is fixed on the side edge of the limiting plate 23, an extractable inserting plate 25 is matched in the slide way 24, a small gap allowing the inserting plate 25 to move up and down exists between the inserting plate 25 and the slide way 24, the inserting plate 25 is connected with a transverse pull rod 26, the tail end of the transverse pull rod 26 is hinged with a vertical compression rod 27, the vertical compression rod 27 is connected with a horizontally extending supporting part 28 in a shaft connection mode, the supporting part 28 is fixed with the square frame body 1, when the upper end of the vertical compression rod 27 is pressed, the horizontal direction movement of the inserting plate 25 can be controlled through the lever principle, and therefore the outflow of rice grains can be adjusted by adjusting the gap.
And be equipped with the axis of rotation 29 that is located the side of hierarchical screening portion 7 on square support body 1, the both ends of axis of rotation 29 are equipped with interlock wheel 30 and end wheel dish 31 respectively, be equipped with the spindle nose pole 32 that is located non-centre of a circle position on the end wheel dish 31, spindle nose pole 32 is articulated with hierarchical screening portion 7 through intermediate lever 33, so when motor during operation, can drive hierarchical screening portion 7 and rock, thereby realize the screening to rice cereal, the motor sets up on square support body 1, the work of stone machine 3 can be controlled simultaneously to the motor.
In addition, an auxiliary configuration frame 34 is further arranged on the side of the square frame body 1, and other equipment can be placed on the auxiliary configuration frame 34 in the using process, so that the overall application performance can be improved.
In addition, the stone remover 3 in the technical scheme is the existing stone remover for rice grains, which can be obtained by purchasing, and the technical scheme is only the application of the functions thereof, so the structure is not described in detail.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein, and any reference signs in the claims are not intended to be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.