CN212937410U - Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system - Google Patents

Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212937410U
CN212937410U CN202020913558.XU CN202020913558U CN212937410U CN 212937410 U CN212937410 U CN 212937410U CN 202020913558 U CN202020913558 U CN 202020913558U CN 212937410 U CN212937410 U CN 212937410U
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tank
water
pond
disinfection
filter screen
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CN202020913558.XU
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刘盛理
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Shanghai Yuyongxuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Shanghai Yuyongxuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a whole-course circulating water culture system, which comprises a culture pond, a purification and disinfection pond arranged on the side wall of the culture pond, a water temperature adjusting pond arranged adjacent to the culture pond, and a hot water pond arranged adjacent to the purification and disinfection pond, wherein the hot water pond is adjacent to the water temperature adjusting pond; a clapboard and a filter plate are sequentially arranged in the purification and disinfection tank to divide the tank into a biological purification tank, a physical filtration tank and a disinfection tank; the partition plate is arranged, so that water between the biological purification tank and the physical filtration tank flows without arranging a power mechanism, and energy is saved; the three layers of filter screens are arranged, so that particles left in running water can be filtered by the layers, and the purification treatment of water is enhanced; biochemical treatment, physical filtration and disinfection and sterilization progressive treatment of stratum layers can ensure that the treated water quality effect is better. The system has the advantages of simple and compact structure, relatively small floor area, good water quality treatment effect, effective regulation and control of water temperature and small energy loss.

Description

Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a farming systems technical field especially relates to a whole recirculating aquaculture system.
Background
With the rapid development of the global aquaculture industry, the development of the circulating aquaculture system becomes an indispensable link in the aquaculture mode. Generally speaking, the circulating culture system needs to have the advantages of water conservation, floor area saving, convenient site selection, controllable water temperature and water quality environment, safe and reliable biology, reduction of biological medicines, good quality, high yield, controllable pollution, effective emission reduction and the like.
The recirculating aquaculture is an advanced form of aquaculture facility, and creates an optimized growing water environment for aquaculture production system through engineering technology and facility equipment, thereby achieving the purposes of high yield, high quality, high efficiency, environmental protection and the like. The main breeding modes in China at present comprise: fresh water sugar-eating cultivation, fresh water large-area cultivation, shallow sea cultivation, ocean beach cultivation and industrial cultivation. With the rapid development of science and technology, industrial aquaculture is gradually popularized and applied.
In the prior art, the disadvantages of the circulating water culture system include: the structure among all the water tanks is loose, the occupied area is large, and the space cannot be effectively utilized; the water flow power energy consumption between the water pools of the large-scale culture system is large, and the energy cannot be effectively saved; the intellectualization degree of the water circulation system is relatively low, and the water flow temperature required by the culture cannot be well adjusted according to the requirement; the water quality treatment process is not perfect enough, the filtering effect is general, the water quality purification effect is poor, and the like.
Therefore, aiming at the problems in the prior art, the technology of providing an energy-saving whole-course circulating water culture system which has the advantages of simple structure, compact structural design among all the water ponds of the culture system, relatively small floor area and good water quality treatment effect is needed urgently.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to avoid the weak point among the prior art, and provide a simple structure, structural design is compact between each pond of farming systems, and area is less relatively, and water quality treatment is effectual, can effectively regulate and control the temperature, the less energy-saving whole recirculating aquaculture system of its energy loss simultaneously.
The purpose of the utility model is realized through the following technical scheme:
a whole-course circulating water culture system comprises a culture pond, a purification and disinfection pond arranged on the side wall of the culture pond, a water temperature adjusting pond arranged adjacent to the culture pond, and a hot water pond arranged adjacent to the purification and disinfection pond, wherein the hot water pond is adjacent to the water temperature adjusting pond;
a clapboard and a filter plate are sequentially arranged in the purification and disinfection tank; the purification and disinfection tank is divided into three spaces by the partition plate and the filter plate, and the three spaces are a biological purification tank, a physical filtration tank and a disinfection tank respectively in sequence; the bottom surface of the biological purification tank is provided with a water inlet and is connected with a sewage outlet of the culture tank through a sewage discharge pipeline; the height of each partition plate is lower than the height of the side walls of the biological purification tank and the physical filtration tank;
the physical filtering tank is communicated with the disinfection tank through a filtering plate; a first filter screen and a second filter screen are arranged in the physical filter tank, the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter screen form a multi-layer filter device, and the mesh apertures of the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter screen are sequentially reduced;
a disinfection and sterilization device and a first water level sensor connected with the controller are arranged in the disinfection tank; a first water outlet and a second water outlet are formed in the disinfection tank; the first water outlet is communicated with a water inlet of the hot water pool through a pipeline; an electric valve connected with the controller is arranged on the pipeline;
a heating module, a temperature sensor and a second water level sensor which are connected with the controller are arranged in the hot water pool;
the water inlet of the water temperature adjusting tank is respectively connected to the water outlet of the hot water tank and the second water outlet of the disinfection tank through a Y-shaped pipeline; the Y-shaped pipeline is provided with a flow regulating valve connected with the controller; a temperature control module connected with the controller is arranged in the water temperature adjusting tank;
and a water pump connected with the controller is arranged on the side wall of the water temperature adjusting tank adjacent to the culture pond, and a water outlet of the water pump is communicated with the culture pond.
Particularly, all the ponds of the whole-course recirculating aquaculture system are adjacent to each other, so that the structure design is compact, unnecessary floor space is reduced, and the floor space of the whole aquaculture system is centralized; secondly, a partition board and a filter board are arranged in the purifying and sterilizing tank to divide the space in the tank into a biological purifying tank, a physical filtering tank and a sterilizing tank in sequence; the biological purification tank is mainly used for decomposing sewage discharged from the culture tank and the like, and various particle molecules which are not decomposed and remained in the biological purification tank enter the physical filtration tank along with the flow of water; through the arrangement of the partition plate, water between the biological purification tank and the physical filtration tank flows without arranging a power mechanism, so that energy is saved; the filter tank is internally provided with three layers of filter screens, and the mesh apertures of the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter screens are sequentially reduced, so that particles left in flowing water can be filtered by layers, and the water purification treatment is enhanced; and the disinfection pond carries out the disinfection and sterilization processing to the water source after physical filtering pond filters to water level data in the transmission disinfection pond is recorded to the controller by first water level sensor. Biochemical treatment, physical filtration and disinfection and sterilization progressive treatment of stratum layers can ensure that the treated water quality effect is better.
Specifically, through setting up components and parts such as first level sensor, second level sensor, controller, electric valve, heating module, temperature sensor, flow control valve, temperature control module to circuit design and connection, in order to realize the control to rivers circulation. The controller realizes the water replacement and treatment of the whole culture pond through the control of the water pump and other components, realizes the internal water circulation treatment, and realizes the water saving.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the controller stores preset time, the controller controls the water pump to be started according to user operation, the water pump pumps treated water from the water temperature adjusting tank to enter the culture pond, and sewage at the bottom of the culture pond enters the biological purification pond through the sewage discharge port and the sewage discharge pipeline under the natural pressure of water level difference; when the water quantity in the biological purification tank is increased and enters the physical filtration tank after passing through the partition plate, the water flows in the physical filtration tank and sequentially passes through the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter plate to realize triple filtration; because the physical filtering tank is communicated with the disinfection tank, water enters the disinfection tank through the filter plate to be disinfected; at the moment, the water quantity in the disinfection tank is increased, and the hot water in the hot water tank is kept relatively constant; the controller controls a flow regulating valve positioned in the Y-shaped pipeline, so that the flow of the pipeline is distributed as required under the control of the controller between cold water in the disinfection pond and hot water in the hot water pond, and the cold water and the hot water are converged into a water temperature regulating pond through the Y-shaped pipeline to regulate the water temperature so as to reach the target culture water temperature; the first water level sensor and the second water level sensor are respectively used for sensing and transmitting water quantity signals in the disinfection tank and the hot water tank and sending the water quantity signals to the controller; the controller is internally stored with a water level difference threshold range of a first water level sensor and a second water level sensor, after the flow regulating valve is opened, if the water level difference between the first water level sensor and the second water level sensor reaches the water level difference threshold range, the controller controls to open an electric valve on a pipeline connecting the disinfection tank and the hot water tank, and water in the disinfection tank is supplemented into the hot water tank under natural pressure to be heated for next cycle use; when the water level difference between the first water level sensor and the second water level sensor is smaller than a preset water level difference threshold value, the controller controls the electric valve to close, and at the moment, the disinfection pool stops supplying the hot water pool. When the operating time of the water pump reaches the preset time, the controller controls the water pump and the flow regulating valve to be closed, the water circulation stops, the sewage in the culture pond is drained to the greatest extent, the clean water source with the temperature required by culture is replaced, and the whole-process circulation of water in the culture system is realized. When the water pump stops working, water in each tank works respectively, sewage in the biological purification tank is decomposed under the chemical action, water in the disinfection tank is sterilized, the heating module in the hot water tank heats the water in the tank under the control of the controller, when the target heating temperature is reached, the temperature sensor feeds back the water to the controller, and the controller controls the heating module to stop working; and the temperature control module in the water temperature regulating pool can also keep the water in the water temperature regulating pool at the set temperature under the control of the controller.
The filter plate comprises a frame and a filter screen arranged in the frame; the frame is attached to the inner wall of the purifying and disinfecting tank.
Above, breed the bottom of the pool slope setting in pond, the drain is located and is bred the bottom of the pool lowest department in pond.
Particularly, the tank bottom is obliquely arranged, so that the concentrated discharge of the sewage in the tank is facilitated, and more sewage is promoted to be treated and decomposed along with the flowing of water.
The bottom of the culture pond is also provided with a plurality of strips protruding relative to the bottom of the pond, and a flow guide channel is formed between the strips.
Particularly, the design of the flow guide channel can promote the flow of water flow in the water circulation process, improve the flow speed of water in the water circulation process and reduce the water replacement time.
More than, heating module by controller control heating temperature to make the hot-water pond can provide different hot water temperature, realize required target temperature in the temperature regulation pond, reinforcing water circulating system's practicality can realize raising to the aquatic products of different temperature demands.
Preferably, the water pump pumps water in the water temperature regulating tank to the culture tank in a gas stripping or plug flow mode.
Preferably, the water outlet of the water pump is arranged at the upper part of the side wall of the culture pond.
Preferably, the height of the biological purification pond is greater than that of the culture pond.
Preferably, the first water outlet of the disinfection tank is arranged at the bottom of the disinfection tank, and the second water outlet is arranged on the side wall of the disinfection tank.
Preferably, the water inlet of the hot water pool is arranged at the bottom of the hot water pool, and the water outlet of the hot water pool is arranged on the side wall on the same side as the second water outlet.
Preferably, first filter screen, second filter screen all include fixed frame to and fix the filter core on fixed frame.
More than, the physics filtering ponds lateral wall is equipped with two sets of spouts for make the fixed frame of first filter screen, second filter screen pass through the spout block and fix in the physics filtering ponds.
The design of spout, the installation and the change of the filter screen of being convenient for, the user can change the filter screen that has different filter cores according to different demands to install it in physics filter tank, have the advantage of using in a flexible way and being convenient for to change.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model provides a whole-course recirculating aquaculture system, the ponds are adjacent to each other, the structure design is compact, the unnecessary floor space is reduced, and the whole aquaculture system is centralized in floor space; secondly, the partition plate is arranged, so that water between the biological purification tank and the physical filtration tank flows without arranging a power mechanism, and energy is saved; the three layers of filter screens are arranged in the filter tank, so that particles left in running water can be filtered by layers, and the purification treatment of water is enhanced; biochemical treatment, physical filtration and disinfection and sterilization progressive treatment of stratum layers can ensure that the treated water quality effect is better. The design and the electrical control system that the pond structure matches, the controller realizes the water change and the processing in whole breed pond through the control to water pump and other components and parts, realizes interior hydrologic cycle and handles to realize the using water wisely.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a whole-course recirculating aquaculture system provided by the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a diagram of a multi-layer filtering device of the whole-course recirculating aquaculture system provided by the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the pipeline connection between the disinfection tank and the hot water tank of the whole recirculating aquaculture system provided by the present invention;
fig. 4 is an electrical control principle schematic diagram of the whole-course recirculating aquaculture system provided by the utility model.
Description of the reference numerals
1, a culture pond, 2, a purification and disinfection pond, 3, a hot water pond, 4, a water temperature adjusting pond, 5 electric valves, 6 flow control valves and 7 water pumps; 21 biological purification tank, 22 physical filtering tank, 23 disinfection tank; 221 a first filter, 222 a second filter,
a clapboard A, a filter plate B, a pipeline C and a D Y type pipeline.
Detailed Description
The following describes the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the present embodiment provides a whole-course recirculating aquaculture system, which includes an aquaculture pond 1, a purification and disinfection pond 2 disposed on a side wall of the aquaculture pond 1, a water temperature adjusting pond 4 disposed adjacent to the aquaculture pond 1, and a hot water pond 3 disposed adjacent to the purification and disinfection pond 2, wherein the hot water pond 3 is adjacent to the water temperature adjusting pond 4;
a clapboard A and a filter plate B are sequentially arranged in the purifying and disinfecting tank 2; the purifying and disinfecting tank 2 is divided into three spaces by the partition board A and the filter board B, and the three spaces are a biological purifying tank 21, a physical filtering tank 22 and a disinfecting tank 23 in sequence; the bottom surface of the biological purification tank 21 is provided with a water inlet and is connected with a sewage discharge outlet of the culture tank 1 through a sewage discharge pipeline; the height of the partition board A is lower than the height of the side walls of the biological purification tank 21 and the physical filtration tank 22;
the physical filtering tank 22 is communicated with the disinfection tank 23 through a filtering plate B; a first filter screen 221 and a second filter screen 222 are arranged in the physical filter tank 22, the first filter screen 221, the second filter screen 222 and the filter plate B form a multi-layer filter device, and the aperture diameters of the first filter screen 221, the second filter screen 222 and the filter plate B are sequentially reduced;
a disinfection and sterilization device and a first water level sensor connected with the controller 5 are arranged in the disinfection tank 23; a first water outlet and a second water outlet are arranged in the disinfection tank 23; the first water outlet is communicated with a water inlet of the hot water pool 3 through a pipeline C; an electric valve 5 connected with the controller 5 is arranged on the pipeline C;
a heating module, a temperature sensor and a second water level sensor which are connected with the controller 5 are arranged in the hot water tank 3;
a water inlet of the water temperature adjusting tank 4 is respectively connected to a water outlet of the hot water tank 3 and a second water outlet of the disinfection tank 23 through a Y-shaped pipeline D; the Y-shaped pipeline D is provided with a flow regulating valve 6 connected with the controller 5; a temperature control module connected with the controller 5 is arranged in the water temperature adjusting tank 4;
the side wall of the water temperature adjusting tank 4 adjacent to the culture pond 1 is provided with a water pump 7 connected with the controller 5, and the water outlet of the water pump 7 is communicated with the culture pond 1.
The filter plate B comprises a frame and a filter screen arranged in the frame; the frame is attached to the inner wall of the purifying and disinfecting tank 2.
In this embodiment, the bottom of the culture pond 1 is inclined, and the drain outlet is arranged at the lowest position of the bottom of the culture pond 1. The bottom of the pool is obliquely arranged, so that the concentrated discharge of the dirt in the pool is facilitated, and more dirt is promoted to flow along with water and is treated and decomposed. The bottom of the culture pond 1 is also provided with a plurality of strips protruding relative to the bottom of the pond, and a flow guide channel is formed between the strips. The design of the diversion channel can promote the flow of water flow in the water circulation process, improve the flow speed of water in the water circulation process and reduce the water replacement time.
In this embodiment, the heating module is controlled by the controller 5 to control the heating temperature, so that the hot water tank 3 can provide different hot water temperatures, the required target temperature in the water temperature adjusting tank 4 is realized, the practicability of the water circulation system is enhanced, and the aquatic organisms with different water temperature requirements can be raised.
In this embodiment, the water pump 7 takes the water pump 7 in the water temperature adjusting tank 4 to the culture pond 1 in an air stripping manner.
In this embodiment, the height of the biological purification tank 21 is greater than that of the culture tank 1. The first water outlet of the disinfection tank 23 is arranged at the bottom of the disinfection tank 23, and the second water outlet is arranged on the side wall of the disinfection tank 23. The water inlet of the hot water tank 3 is arranged at the bottom of the hot water tank 3, and the water outlet of the hot water tank 3 is arranged on the side wall on the same side as the second water outlet.
Variations and modifications to the above-described embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art, in light of the above teachings and teachings. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and described above, and some modifications and changes to the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention. Furthermore, although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.

Claims (10)

1. A whole-course circulating water aquaculture system is characterized by comprising an aquaculture pond, a purification and disinfection pond arranged on the side wall of the aquaculture pond, a water temperature adjusting pond arranged adjacent to the aquaculture pond, and a hot water pond arranged adjacent to the purification and disinfection pond, wherein the hot water pond is adjacent to the water temperature adjusting pond;
a clapboard and a filter plate are sequentially arranged in the purification and disinfection tank; the purification and disinfection tank is divided into three spaces by the partition plate and the filter plate, and the three spaces are a biological purification tank, a physical filtration tank and a disinfection tank respectively in sequence; the bottom surface of the biological purification tank is provided with a water inlet and is connected with a sewage outlet of the culture tank through a sewage discharge pipeline; the height of each partition plate is lower than the height of the side walls of the biological purification tank and the physical filtration tank;
the physical filtering tank is communicated with the disinfection tank through a filtering plate; a first filter screen and a second filter screen are arranged in the physical filter tank, the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter screen form a multi-layer filter device, and the mesh apertures of the first filter screen, the second filter screen and the filter screen are sequentially reduced;
a disinfection and sterilization device and a first water level sensor connected with the controller are arranged in the disinfection tank; a first water outlet and a second water outlet are formed in the disinfection tank; the first water outlet is communicated with a water inlet of the hot water pool through a pipeline; an electric valve connected with the controller is arranged on the pipeline;
a heating module, a temperature sensor and a second water level sensor which are connected with the controller are arranged in the hot water pool;
the water inlet of the water temperature adjusting tank is respectively connected to the water outlet of the hot water tank and the second water outlet of the disinfection tank through a Y-shaped pipeline; the Y-shaped pipeline is provided with a flow regulating valve connected with the controller; a temperature control module connected with the controller is arranged in the water temperature adjusting tank;
and a water pump connected with the controller is arranged on the side wall of the water temperature adjusting tank adjacent to the culture pond, and a water outlet of the water pump is communicated with the culture pond.
2. The whole recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1 wherein said filter panels comprise a frame, and a filter screen disposed within said frame; the frame is attached to the inner wall of the purifying and disinfecting tank.
3. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1, wherein the bottom of the aquaculture pond is inclined, and the sewage outlet is arranged at the lowest position of the bottom of the aquaculture pond.
4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the bottom of the culture pond is provided with a plurality of strips protruding relative to the bottom of the culture pond, and a flow guide channel is formed between the strips.
5. The whole recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1 wherein said heating module is controlled by said controller for heating temperature.
6. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1, wherein the first water outlet of the disinfection tank is arranged at the bottom of the disinfection tank, and the second water outlet is arranged on the side wall of the disinfection tank.
7. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 6, wherein the water inlet of the hot water tank is arranged at the bottom of the hot water tank, and the water outlet of the hot water tank is arranged on the side wall on the same side as the second water outlet.
8. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1, wherein the first filter screen and the second filter screen each comprise a fixed frame and a filter element fixed on the fixed frame.
9. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 8, wherein two sets of chutes are formed in the side wall of the physical filtering tank.
10. The whole-course recirculating aquaculture system of claim 1, wherein the water pump pumps water in the water temperature regulating tank to the aquaculture tank in a gas stripping or plug flow manner.
CN202020913558.XU 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system Active CN212937410U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020913558.XU CN212937410U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020913558.XU CN212937410U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212937410U true CN212937410U (en) 2021-04-13

Family

ID=75377195

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020913558.XU Active CN212937410U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Whole-process recirculating aquaculture system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212937410U (en)

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