CN212936724U - Peanut pickup combine harvester with low raise dust - Google Patents

Peanut pickup combine harvester with low raise dust Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212936724U
CN212936724U CN202020237292.1U CN202020237292U CN212936724U CN 212936724 U CN212936724 U CN 212936724U CN 202020237292 U CN202020237292 U CN 202020237292U CN 212936724 U CN212936724 U CN 212936724U
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China
Prior art keywords
fruit picking
peanut
picking
grass
fruit
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CN202020237292.1U
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Inventor
曹明珠
胡志超
王江涛
于昭洋
翁峰
王伯凯
张鹏
王申莹
张冲
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Henan Nongyouwang Agricultural Equipment Technology Co ltd
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Henan Nongyouwang Agricultural Equipment Technology Co ltd
Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN202020237292.1U priority Critical patent/CN212936724U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a peanut picking combined harvester with low dust emission, which comprises a walking chassis, wherein a picking platform, a conveying groove, a tangential flow combined fruit picking device, a positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device and a lifting device are sequentially arranged on the walking chassis from front to back; a fruit collecting box is arranged above the positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device; the picking platform picks up peanut seedlings and conveys the peanut seedlings to the axial flow cutting combined picking device through the conveying groove; the peanut picker can complete peanut picking, conveying, picking, cleaning, grass collecting and peanut collecting operations at one time. The utility model adopts the tangential axial flow assembly fruit picking roller, the preceding tangential flow fruit picking roller and the rear axial flow fruit picking roller, and compresses the size space on the basis of improving the fruit picking efficiency and quality; the three-stage three-dimensional cleaning sieve can ensure that the whole machine can harvest dry fresh fruit seedlings; the negative pressure cleaning and grass-collecting integrated fan causes low dust pollution to the environment far lower than that of similar products.

Description

Peanut pickup combine harvester with low raise dust
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of agricultural machinery, especially, relate to a combine is picked up to peanut of low raise dust.
Background
Peanuts are the most international competitive oil-bearing crops with high quality, and with the rapid increase of the regional planting area and the large-scale production development of the traditional production area in China, the requirement for high-efficiency peanut mechanized harvesting technical equipment in China is urgent day by day, and the original manual peanut harvesting mode in the field is gradually replaced by mechanized harvesting, wherein the peanut combined harvesting equipment is more and more in the field in China due to the characteristics of high efficiency and high quality harvesting, but the existing peanut combined harvesting equipment in China has the following problems: 1. the adaptability is poor, only relatively dry peanut seedlings can be harvested, 2. the dust emission is serious, the health of agricultural machinery and operating farmers is affected, meanwhile, a large amount of fine particles and micro particles are blown into the air, a large amount of raised dust with complex components is formed, the atmosphere is seriously damaged, and the development of the peanut industry in China is restricted.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the not enough among the above-mentioned prior art, the utility model provides a combine is picked up to peanut of low raise dust realizes that the efficient picks the fruit and screens through adopting the combination of efficient tangential flow to pluck fruit device and positive and negative wind pressure group air distribution sieving mechanism to reduce the raise dust through inhaling miscellaneous grass collection raise dust device.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a low-dust peanut picking combine harvester which comprises a walking chassis, wherein a picking platform, a conveying groove, a tangential axial flow combined fruit picking device, a positive and negative air pressure group air distribution screening device and a lifting device are sequentially arranged on the walking chassis from front to back; a fruit collecting box is arranged above the positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device; the picking platform picks up peanut seedlings and conveys the peanut seedlings to the axial flow cutting combined picking device through the conveying groove;
the axial-flow cutting combined fruit picking device is transversely provided with two fruit picking rollers with parallel axes and different lengths on a fruit picking device rack towards the advancing direction of the combine harvester, the first-stage fruit picking roller with short length is positioned at the front part, the second-stage fruit picking roller with long length is positioned at the rear part, and one ends of the two rollers close to the outer side of the combine harvester are parallel and level;
the first-stage fruit picking roller is positioned in front of the central part of the combine harvester and is provided with a feed inlet communicated with the tail end of the conveying groove, and an axial flow fruit picking section and a tangential flow fruit picking section are sequentially arranged along the axial outer side;
the secondary fruit picking roller is provided with a tangential flow fruit picking section, an axial flow fruit picking section and a grass discharging section in sequence from the outer side to the other end along the axial direction; the side wall of the grass discharge section is provided with a grass discharge port, and the grass discharge port is connected with a grass discharge fan;
the tangential flow fruit picking section of the primary fruit picking roller is communicated with the side wall of the tangential flow fruit picking section of the secondary fruit picking roller to form a tangential flow fruit picking mechanism;
the interior of each of the two fruit picking rollers is provided with a fruit picking roller, and each fruit picking roller comprises a fruit picking roller main shaft arranged along the axis of the fruit picking roller and fruit picking rods distributed around the fruit picking roller main shaft; a plurality of fruit picking spring teeth extending outwards are arranged on the fruit picking rod at intervals;
the end part of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller is connected with a power device; the top shells of the two fruit picking rollers are of a closed structure, and guide plates distributed in a spiral shape are arranged on the inner surfaces of the top shells; the spiral direction of the guide plate is matched with the rotation direction of the peanut picking roller, so that the guide plate is matched with the peanut picking roller to convey peanut seedlings along the axis direction of the peanut picking roller;
the bottom shells of the two fruit picking rollers are concave plate sieves; the concave plate sieve is formed by connecting rod-shaped cross beams arranged along the axial direction of the fruit picking roller and rod-shaped longitudinal beams distributed along the circumferential direction of the fruit picking roller in a staggered manner;
the positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening device comprises an upper screen body and a lower screen body; wherein:
the upper screen body and the lower screen body are arranged on the frame through a vibrating device; the upper screen body is of a hollow box-shaped structure, and a grid plate is arranged in a region, close to the tail, of a bottom plate of the upper screen body; the front part of the lower screen body is positioned below the grid plate to receive the material leakage of the grid plate;
the top plate of the upper screen body is sequentially provided with a front shaking plate, a front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device, a rear shaking plate and a rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe device from the head to the tail of the upper screen body; the front shaking plate and the rear shaking plate are provided with corrugated structures, the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe are in a grid shape, and the upper surfaces of the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe are provided with a plurality of sawtooth structures which incline towards the tail part of the upper screen body; the grid meshes of the front pick-by-pick device are larger than those of the rear pick-by-pick device;
the head of the upper screen body is communicated with a cross-flow fan generating positive pressure; a light impurity outlet with an upward opening is arranged between the rear edge of the rear pickaxe chasing device and the tail end plate of the upper screen body; a first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device which is aligned with the light impurity outlet and the rear edge of the rear pick-chasing device is arranged above the tail of the upper screen body; a second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is arranged above the rear part of the lower screen body;
the lower sieve body is a round hole sieve, and a discharge collecting port is arranged at the rear part of the lower sieve body; the lifting device is used for receiving peanut pods falling from the discharging and collecting opening and conveying the peanut pods to the peanut collecting box.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: and in the grass arrangement section of the secondary fruit picking roller, grass arrangement spike teeth are arranged on a fruit picking rod of the fruit picking roller, and the arrangement density of the grass arrangement spike teeth is greater than that of the axial flow fruit picking section and the tangential flow fruit picking section.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the fruit picking roller is cage-shaped and comprises a fruit picking roller main shaft, a supporting disc and a plurality of fruit picking rods; the two supporting discs are fixedly arranged at two ends of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller; each fruit picking rod and the main shaft of the fruit picking roller are arranged in a row, and two ends of each fruit picking rod are respectively fixedly connected with the outer edge of the supporting disc; two ends of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller respectively penetrate through end plates of the fruit picking roller where the main shaft is located, and are installed on the frame of the fruit picking device through grass winding prevention bearings.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: two sides of the head of the upper screen body are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of the two front swing arms, and the top ends of the front swing arms are rotatably connected with the rack; two sides of the tail part of the upper screen body are rotatably connected with the top ends of the two driving arms; the middle part of the driving arm is rotationally connected with the rack;
the bottom ends of the two driving arms are respectively and rotatably connected with two sides of the lower screen body; two sides of the rear part of the lower screen body are rotationally connected with the rack through two rear swing arms, and at least one driving arm is eccentrically and rotationally connected with a flywheel through a rod piece; the driving arm is used for driving the upper sieve body and the lower sieve body to vibrate.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe device comprise a plurality of strip-shaped sawtooth plates longitudinally arranged along the upper screen body and a plurality of strip-shaped connecting plates transversely arranged along the upper screen body; the sawtooth structure is arranged on the top edge of the strip-shaped sawtooth plate; the strip-shaped connecting plate sequentially penetrates through each strip-shaped sawtooth plate, and the top edge of the strip-shaped connecting plate is bent towards the tail direction of the upper screen body to form a flow guide structure;
the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates in the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device is 59-61mm, and the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped sawtooth plates is 69-71 mm;
the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates in the rear pick chasing device is 34-36mm, and the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped sawtooth plates is 39-42 mm.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the width of the air outlet of the cross-flow fan and the width of the air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-raising preventing device are the same as the width of the upper screen body; the cross section of an air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is parallel to the plane of a top plate of the upper screen body;
the width of the air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is the same as that of the lower screen body; the cross section of an air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is parallel to the screen surface of the lower screen body, and the distance between the cross section of the air inlet and the screen surface is 8 cm-15 cm.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the first impurity-absorbing and collecting and dust-preventing device and the second impurity-absorbing and collecting and dust-preventing device have the same structure, and both comprise an axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder with an opening at the bottom and arranged vertically, a negative pressure crushing fan with the bottom connected with the axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder, a grass-collecting device with the front communicated with the side surface of the negative pressure crushing fan through a tangential flow wind impurity guide cylinder, a water tank arranged at the top of the grass-collecting device and a dust-removing box communicated with the back of the grass-collecting device through a plurality of air guide pipes; wherein:
the fan shell of the negative pressure crushing fan is cylindrical and is arranged vertically; a rotating shaft is coaxially arranged in the fan shell, a plurality of blades are arranged on the rotating shaft along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, a crushing knife perpendicular to the blades is arranged on the windward side of each blade, and the cutting edge of each crushing knife is parallel to the windward side;
the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is of a telescopic structure with adjustable vertical length, the bottom end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is provided with an absorbing port, and the top end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is communicated with the bottom of the fan shell;
the grass collecting device is of a box-shaped structure, and the tangential wind impurity guide cylinder which is connected with the grass collecting device and the fan shell is arranged along the tangential direction of the fan shell; the bottom of the grass collecting device is provided with an openable discharging plate;
a plurality of air outlet dust exhaust ports are formed in the bottom plate and the top plate of the dust removal box; a plurality of atomizing spray heads with downward spraying directions are arranged on a top plate of the dust removal box; the atomizing nozzle is sequentially connected with the water pump and the water tank through pipelines.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the axial flow air impurity suction barrel comprises a fixed barrel body positioned above and a lifting barrel body positioned below; the bottom end of the fixed cylinder body and the top end of the lifting cylinder body are sleeved; the outer surface of the fixed cylinder body is provided with a fixed lug plate, and the outer surface of the lifting cylinder body is provided with a lifting lug plate opposite to the fixed lug plate; the fixed ear plate is connected with the lifting ear plate through an adjusting screw rod.
The utility model discloses a further improvement lies in: the lifting device comprises a frame-shaped lifting frame, a flat belt and a plurality of skips arranged on the flat belt; the opening of each skip is towards the annular direction of the lifting frame; the flat belt is annular, the outer surface of the flat belt is attached to the inner surface of the lifting frame, and the skip is arranged on the inner surface of the flat belt; conveying chains are arranged on two sides of the inner surface of the flat belt; a plurality of driven chain wheels meshed with the conveying chains are arranged on the lifting rack, and the flat belt is pressed on the inner surface of the lifting rack through the driven chain wheels; the conveying chain is meshed with at least one powered tensioning wheel;
the bottom plate of the lifting frame is used for bearing peanut pods discharged from a discharge and collection port of the positive and negative air pressure group air screening device; the front edge and the rear edge of the bottom plate are connected with fruit blocking plates;
a pod throwing device for receiving pods dumped in the skip bucket is arranged below the top plate of the lifting frame; the fruit throwing device comprises a conveyor belt and side sliding plates, wherein one section of the conveyor belt is positioned below the top plate, the other end of the conveyor belt is positioned above the fruit collecting box, and the side sliding plates are positioned on two sides of the conveyor belt and incline to the conveyor belt.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model adopts the tangential axial flow assembly fruit picking roller, the preceding tangential flow fruit picking roller and the rear axial flow fruit picking roller, and compresses the size space on the basis of improving the fruit picking efficiency and quality; the three-stage three-dimensional cleaning sieve can ensure that the whole machine can harvest dry fresh fruit seedlings; the negative pressure cleaning and grass-collecting integrated fan causes low dust pollution to the environment far lower than that of similar products.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the low-dusting peanut pickup combine of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the low-dust peanut picking combine harvester of the utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the pick-up table and the conveying trough;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the pick-up table and the transfer chute;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a tangential axial flow combined fruit picking device;
FIG. 6 is a side view of a tangential axial flow combined fruit picking apparatus;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a picker roller in the primary picker drum;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a picker roller in the secondary picker drum;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the primary picker drum and the concave screen in the secondary picker drum;
FIG. 10 is a partial cross-sectional view of a perspective view of a tangential axial flow combination fruit picking device;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the moving path of peanut seedlings in the fruit picking process of the fruit picking device;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of a positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening device;
FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional view of an upper screen body in the positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening device;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of an upper screen and a lower screen of the positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening apparatus;
FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the dust collector;
FIG. 16 is a side view of the dust collector;
FIG. 17 is a partial cross-sectional view of the dust collector;
FIG. 18 is a perspective view of the lifting device;
fig. 19 is a schematic front view of the lifting device.
Detailed Description
The conception, the specific structure and the technical effects of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, so as to fully understand the objects, the features and the effects of the present invention.
Unless otherwise defined, technical or scientific terms used in the claims and the specification of this patent shall have the ordinary meaning as understood by those of ordinary skill in the art to which this patent belongs. The word "comprising" or "having", and the like, means that the element or item appearing before "comprises" or "having" covers the element or item listed after "comprising" or "having" and its equivalent, but does not exclude other elements or items.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The meaning of the above terms in this patent may be specifically understood by those of ordinary skill in the art.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the utility model discloses combine is picked up to peanut of low raise dust includes walking chassis 1, has set gradually from preceding backward on walking chassis 1 and has picked up platform 2, conveyer trough 3, tangent axial flow combination and pluck fruit device 4, positive and negative wind pressure matched stack wind sieving mechanism 5 and hoisting device 6. A fruit collecting box 7 is arranged above the positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device 5. The picking platform 2 is used for picking up peanut seedlings on the ground and conveying the peanut seedlings to the axial-flow cutting combined peanut picking device 4 through the conveying groove 3, the axial-flow cutting combined peanut picking device 4 is used for picking off peanut pods on the peanut seedlings, the peanut pods and part of impurities fall to the positive and negative air pressure combined air screening device 5, and the peanut seedlings after picking are discharged to the ground surface. The positive and negative air pressure group air screening device 5 is used for screening peanut pods and collecting impurities, and the positive and negative air pressure group air screening device 5 can reduce dust in the impurity collecting process. The conveying groove 3 is used for collecting peanut pods screened out by the positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device 5, and conveying the screened peanut pods to the peanut collecting box 7.
As shown in fig. 2, the picking platform 2 is fixedly connected with the conveying groove 3 through a thread pair, a main transmission shaft behind the conveying groove 3 is hinged to an M point of the axial flow cutting combined fruit picking device 4, the picking platform 2 and the conveying groove 3 rotate around an M shaft under the action of a hydraulic cylinder, and the adjustment of the working height of the picking platform 2 is achieved so that the bottom end of the picking platform 2 is close to the earth surface.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the pickup table 2 comprises a grass presser 201, a slideway type pickup elastic tooth 202 and a grass collecting auger 203; the middle part of grass-collecting auger 203 is provided with telescopic elastic teeth, the slide type picking elastic teeth 202 pick up peanut seedlings laid on the ground, and the slide mounted on the side edge can ensure that the motion trail of the slide type picking elastic teeth 202 meets the working requirement.
As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 4, the pickup table 2 and the conveying chute 3 are conventional. The picking platform 2 picks up the peanut seedlings which are dug and aired on the ground, the peanut seedlings are smoothly delivered to the grass collecting auger 203 in the motion process of the slide type picking elastic teeth 202, the grass collecting auger 203 collects the seedling vines to the telescopic tooth area through auger blades arranged in the left direction and the right direction in the opposite direction, the grass pressing device 201 prevents the peanut seedlings from falling off from the slide type picking elastic teeth 202 in the process, and adjusting rods used for adjusting the working phase positions of the telescopic rods are arranged on the two sides of the grass collecting auger 203. The straw collecting auger 203 collects the fruit seedlings delivered to the conveying trough 3 as an inlet end, and the fruit seedlings are delivered to the axial flow cutting combined fruit picking device 4 through the conveying trough.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, a conveying frame 303 with a rectangular cross section is arranged inside the conveying trough 3, the conveying frame 303 serves as a shell of the conveying trough 3, and a rake teeth conveying chain 301 for conveying peanut seedlings is arranged in the middle of a cavity inside the conveying trough. Both sides of the front end of the conveying groove 3 are provided with adjusting screws 302.
As shown in fig. 5, the combined tangential and axial flow peanut picker assembly 4 is used to remove peanut pods from the peanut vine. The axial-flow-cut combined fruit picking device 4 in the embodiment is provided with two fruit picking rollers 42 and 43 with parallel axes and different lengths on a fruit picking device frame 41 towards the advancing direction of the combine harvester. Of the two picker drums, the first 42 shorter in length is located at the front, the second 43 longer is located at the rear, and the two picker drums are flush with each other at the outer side of the combine. The arrangement is such that the primary picking drum 42 is provided with a feed inlet in front of the central portion of the combine, the feed inlet being located at the end of the primary picking drum 42 facing the inside of the combine. In this embodiment, the outer side of the combine is the left side along its direction of travel and the inner side is the right side of the combine along its direction of travel, the height of the primary picker drum 42 being less than the height of the secondary picker drum 43.
As shown in fig. 5, 6 and 11, the first-stage fruit picking roller 42 is provided with an axial flow fruit picking section 421 and a tangential flow fruit picking section 422 along the axial outer side in sequence; the secondary fruit picking roller 43 is sequentially provided with a tangential flow fruit picking section 433, an axial flow fruit picking section 432 and a grass discharging section 431 from the outer side to the other end along the axial direction; the side wall of the grass discharge section 431 is provided with a grass discharge port facing backwards, and the grass discharge port is connected with a grass discharge fan 45. The tangential flow fruit picking section 422 of the primary fruit picking roller 42 is communicated with the side wall of the tangential flow fruit picking section 433 of the secondary fruit picking roller 43 to form a tangential flow fruit picking mechanism 44.
The interior of each of the two fruit picking rollers 42 and 43 is provided with a fruit picking roller 46 and 47, the fruit picking rollers 46 and 47 are cage-shaped and comprise fruit picking roller main shafts 461 and 471, a supporting disc 481 and a plurality of fruit picking rods 482; the two supporting disks 481 are fixedly arranged at two ends of the main shafts 461 and 471 of the fruit picking rollers; each fruit picking rod 482 is arranged in parallel with the main shafts 461 and 471 of the fruit picking rollers, and the two ends of each fruit picking rod are respectively fixedly connected with the outer edge of the supporting disc 481; a plurality of fruit picking spike teeth 488 extending outwards are arranged on the fruit picking rod 482 at intervals; two ends of the main shafts 461 and 471 of the fruit picking rollers respectively penetrate through end plates of the fruit picking rollers 42 and 43 where the main shafts are located, and are installed on a fruit picking device rack 41 through an anti-winding bearing 483, and the fruit picking device rack 41 is fixedly arranged on the walking chassis 1. The grass winding prevention bearing 483 is a sealed bearing and can prevent peanut seedlings from winding the bearing. The second-stage fruit picking roller 43 is longer, so that the fruit picking roller 47 in the second-stage fruit picking roller is provided with a plurality of support ring plates 487 at intervals along the axial direction, the support ring plates 487 surround the main shaft 471 of the fruit picking roller, and the outer edge of each support ring plate is fixedly connected with each fruit picking rod 482. In order to reduce weight, the picking bars 482 of the two picking rollers are hollow bars in this embodiment.
The end parts of the main shafts 461 and 471 of the fruit picking rollers are connected with a power device; the top shells of the two picking rollers 42 and 43 are of a closed structure, and the inner surfaces of the two picking rollers are provided with guide plates 462 and 472 which are distributed spirally; the spiral directions of the guide plates 462 and 472 are respectively matched with the rotating directions of the picking rollers 46 and 47, so that the guide plates 462 and 472 are matched with the corresponding picking rollers 46 and 47 to convey peanut seedlings along the axial directions of the picking rollers 42 and 43.
In this embodiment, the left end of the main shaft 461 of the fruit picking roller is connected with the belt wheel, and the right end is connected with the gear; the left end of the other picker roller spindle 471 is connected with a belt wheel. The two belt wheels are connected through belt transmission, so that the two fruit picking rollers 46 and 47 rotate along the same direction, and meanwhile, the rotating speeds of the two fruit picking rollers 46 and 47 have a fixed ratio through the belt wheel transmission. As shown in fig. 6, both picker rollers 46, 47 adopt a counter-clockwise direction of rotation. Deflector 462 spirals in a clockwise manner and deflector 472 spirals in a counterclockwise manner.
The bottom shells of the two fruit picking rollers 42 and 43 are concave plate sieves 484; the recess screen 484 is formed by a cross-bar 485 arranged in the axial direction of the picker drums 42, 43 and cross-bar stringers 486 distributed in the circumferential direction of the picker drums 42, 43. After the peanut pods have fallen out, they fall through the interstices of the recessed screen 484.
The peanut picking tines 488 are rigid metal rods arranged along the radial direction of the peanut picking rollers 46 and 47, and are used for pushing the peanut seedlings to rotate along the inner walls of the peanut picking rollers 42 and 43 in the rotation process of the peanut picking rollers 46 and 47, and enabling pods on the peanut seedlings to be stirred and kneaded with the concave plate screens 484 at the bottoms of the peanut picking rollers 42 and 43, so that the peanut pods and the peanut seedlings fall off. In one embodiment, the picker tines 488 are attached to the picker bar 482 using a welding process.
As shown in fig. 5 and 11, during picking, the peanut seedlings from the conveying trough 3 enter from the feed inlet of the primary picking drum 42, move along the axis from the right end to the left end under the drive of the picking roller 46 and the guide plate 462, sequentially pass through the axial-flow picking section 421 and the tangential-flow picking section 422, and finally enter the secondary picking drum 43. In the secondary picking roller 43, peanut seedlings with pods are sequentially picked by the action of a picking roller 47 and a spiral guide plate 472 through a tangential flow picking section 433 and an axial flow picking section 432, and the rest peanut seedlings are discharged from a grass discharge section 431 and are discharged by a grass discharge fan 45.
As shown in fig. 7 to 10, in the primary and secondary picker drums 42, 43, the rotation speed of the picker roller, the effective diameter of the picker roller, the spacing between the picker roller and the recess screen, and the spacing between the bar-shaped beams of the recess screen have a large effect on the final picking effect. The effective diameter of the picker roller is twice the average distance of the tips of the picker tines 488 from the respective picker roller major axis 461,471.
In this embodiment, the spacing between the two picker rollers 46, 47 and the recess screen 484 beneath them is 35-38mm, which is the minimum distance between the picker tines 488 and the recess screen 484 during rotation of the picker rollers 46, 47. During the picking process, the spacing between the picker rollers 46, 47 and the concave sieve 484 beneath them can affect the friction between the peanut seedlings and the concave sieve 484, which can affect the stirring and kneading force of the peanut seedlings, and thus the picking quality. If the spacing is too large, the contact between the peanut seedlings and the concave sieve 484 is too loose, so that the peanut seedlings cannot be rubbed sufficiently, and the fruit picking efficiency is too low; and the too small distance can cause the peanut seedlings to be excessively extruded, so that the collision between the peanut pods and the concave sieve is too violent, and the pods are broken.
In the primary picking roller 42, the effective value diameter of the picking roller 46 is 523-527mm, the rotation speed of the picking roller 46 is 348-353 RPM, and the spacing between the bar-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave screen 484 is 69-71 mm;
in the secondary picking roller 43, the effective value diameter of the picking roller 47 is 508-512mm, the rotation speed of the picking roller 47 is 495-505 RPM, and the spacing between the rod-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave sieve 484 is 59-61 mm.
The greater the speed of rotation of the picker rollers 46, 47, the greater the impact between the peanut pods and the concave screen, making the peanut pods more likely to fall off, and also causing the peanut pods to be more easily damaged. In this embodiment, the picker roller 46 of the primary picker drum 42 performs primary picking at a relatively slow speed to remove easily dislodged peanut pods from the peanut vine, most of which are dislodged from the peanut vine at this stage. The picking roller 47 of the secondary picking roller 43 adopts a higher rotating speed so as to carry out fine picking on the peanut pods which are difficult to fall off from the peanut seedlings by adopting a higher stirring force. The fine picking process is focused on the efficiency of picking, and in this process, the breakage of some peanut pods is acceptable.
In addition, during the rotation of the picking rollers 46 and 47, peanut seedlings sequentially rub against the rod-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave screen 484, so that the peanut seedlings are pressed in a corrugated manner (the contact area between the peanut seedlings and the rod-shaped cross beams 485 is more compact, and the gaps between the rod-shaped cross beams 485 are looser), and the picking process can also play a role in picking fruits.
The smaller the distance between the rod-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave plate sieve 484 in the primary fruit picking roller 42 and the secondary fruit picking roller 43 is, the more frequent the corrugated compression of the rod-shaped cross beams 485 on peanut seedlings is in the fruit picking process, so that the fruit picking effect is stronger. Therefore, the rod-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave screen 484 in the primary fruit picking roller 42 adopt larger intervals, so that the primary fruit picking process is looser, and the rod-shaped cross beams 485 of the concave screen 484 in the secondary fruit picking roller 43 adopt smaller intervals, so that the fruit picking process is finer.
In this embodiment, the rotation speed of picking the fruit roller among fruit roller 42 is plucked to one-level and the fruit roller 43 is plucked to the second grade, the effective diameter of picking the fruit roller, pick the interval between fruit roller and the concave grid and the interval between the shaft-like crossbeam of concave grid mutually support, make one-level fruit roller 42 realize tentatively plucking the fruit, fruit roller 43 is plucked to the second grade realizes meticulous plucking the fruit, two fruit rollers 42 of plucking, 43 mutually support, under the prerequisite of guaranteeing to pluck fruit efficiency, can reduce the damage of peanut pod as far as possible.
The bottom of the tangential flow fruit picking mechanism 44 is provided with a plate-shaped concave sieve 484a, and two sides of the plate-shaped concave sieve 484 are respectively tangentially connected with the concave sieves 484 at the bottoms of the tangential flow fruit picking sections 422 and 433 of the primary fruit picking roller 42 and the secondary fruit picking roller 43; the spacing between the bar beams 485 of the plate-shaped recess plate screen 484a is 70-72 mm. The tangential flow fruit picking mechanism 44 is used for picking fruits and conveying peanut seedlings in the primary fruit picking roller 42 to the secondary fruit picking roller 43. In addition, in the process that the peanut seedlings are thrown from the primary picking roller 42 to the secondary picking roller 43 by the tangential flow picking mechanism 44, the entangled peanut seedlings can be loosened, the fallen peanut pods can fall off from the peanut seedlings more easily, and the phenomenon that the fallen peanut pods are wound by the dense peanut seedlings can be avoided.
In this embodiment, a receiving groove 49 parallel to the secondary fruit picking roller 43 is arranged below the axial flow fruit picking section 432 and the grass discharging section 431 of the secondary fruit picking roller 43; a blanking port is arranged at one end of the bearing groove 49 facing the tangential flow fruit picking mechanism 44; a material conveying auger 491 which is parallel to the secondary fruit picking roller 43 and is provided with a helical blade is arranged inside the bearing groove 49; the preset rotation direction of the feeding auger 491 matches with the spiral direction of the blade, so that the feeding auger 491 pushes the material in the receiving groove 49 to fall from the blanking port. The purpose of the receiving slot 49 is to control the area of the peanut pods that fall for subsequent screening operations on the peanut pods. The auger 491 prevents peanut pods from clogging the receiving trough 49.
In order to facilitate grass discharge, grass discharge spike teeth 489 are arranged on a grass discharge section 431 of the secondary fruit picking roller 43 and a fruit picking rod 482 of the fruit picking roller 47, and the arrangement density of the grass discharge spike teeth 489 is greater than that of the axial flow fruit picking section 432 and the tangential flow fruit picking section 433. The dense row of straw spikes 489 can more efficiently discharge peanut seedlings out of the secondary picking drum 43. The grass discharge fan 45 can prevent the blockage of the grass discharge port.
In this embodiment, the primary picking roller 42 and the secondary picking roller 43 adopt an axial flow-tangential flow-axial flow picking and dropping mode, so that the peanut picking efficiency is improved by effectively utilizing the axial flow and tangential flow picking modes, and the peanut picking feeding amount is increased in an effective space. Compared with the traditional multistage tangential flow type fruit picking operation, 2/3 space is saved, and the weight of the self-propelled picking combined harvester body 2/3 is reduced.
The axial flow cutting combined fruit picking device has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the primary fruit picking roller and the secondary fruit picking roller are characterized in that fruit picking spring teeth are welded on a fruit picking rod in an arrayed manner, a fixing piece is fixed on a supporting disc and then is installed on a main shaft through an anti-grass winding bearing, and the weight of the fruit picking device is reduced to the maximum extent through a hollow fruit picking rod and a primary and secondary fruit picking roller structure;
(2) the primary and secondary fruit picking rollers are arranged on the main shaft frame through grass winding prevention bearings, so that the winding of peanut seedlings and stems is effectively reduced, and the operation efficiency is improved;
(3) the peanut picking device adopts an axial flow-tangential flow-axial flow peanut picking and dropping mode, the peanut picking efficiency is improved by effectively utilizing the axial flow and tangential flow peanut picking modes, and the peanut picking feeding amount is increased in an effective space; compared with the traditional multistage tangential flow type fruit picking operation, 2/3 space is saved, and the weight of the self-propelled picking combined harvester body 2/3 is reduced;
(4) grass discharge elastic teeth at the tail end of the secondary fruit picking roller are tightly arranged on the fruit picking rod, and the grass discharge fan is used for forming operation to discharge the seedling grass out of the fruit picking device, so that the problem of blockage of a grass discharge port is effectively reduced;
(5) the seedling grass and the pods which fall from the grass discharge part at the tail end of the secondary fruit picking roller are discharged by the screw conveyer and fall to the cleaning device, so that the seedling grass is effectively prevented from being wound and blocked;
(6) the rotation speed of picking the fruit roller in fruit cylinder and the second grade is picked fruit cylinder to the one-level, the effective diameter of picking the fruit roller, pick the interval between fruit roller and the concave plate sieve and the interval between the shaft-like crossbeam of concave plate sieve and mutually support for the one-level is picked fruit cylinder and is realized tentatively picking the fruit, and the fruit cylinder is picked to the second grade realizes meticulous fruit of plucking, and two are picked fruit cylinders and mutually support, are guaranteeing to pick under the prerequisite of fruit efficiency, can reduce the damage of peanut pod as far as possible.
Referring to fig. 12 to 14, in the present embodiment, the positive and negative air pressure group wind screening device 5 is disposed on a frame of the peanut picking and combine harvester, the positive and negative air pressure group wind screening device 5 includes an upper screen body 51 and a lower screen body 53, the upper screen body 51 is used for receiving a mixture of peanut pods and impurities falling from the axial flow cutting combined peanut picking device 4 and separating the peanut pods and the impurities; specifically, the method comprises the following steps:
the upper screen body 51 is a hollow box-shaped structure, two sides of the head of the upper screen body are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of two front swing arms 54, and the top ends of the front swing arms 54 are rotatably connected with the frame; the two sides of the tail part of the upper screen body 51 are rotationally connected with the top ends of two driving arms 55; the middle part of the driving arm 55 is rotationally connected with the frame; the area of the bottom plate of the upper screen body 51 close to the tail part is a grid plate 56;
the front part of the lower screen body 3 is positioned below the grid plate 56 to receive the material leakage of the grid plate 56, and the bottom ends of the two driving arms 55 are respectively connected with the two sides of the lower screen body 53 in a rotating way; two sides of the rear part of the lower screen body 53 are rotationally connected with the frame through two rear swing arms 57, and at least one driving arm 55 is eccentrically rotationally connected with a flywheel through a rod piece; the driving arm 55 is used for driving the upper screen body 51 and the lower screen body 53 to vibrate.
During operation, the flywheel is connected to the power unit via a drive shaft to oscillate the drive arm 55 and thereby synchronously shake the upper screen body 51 and the lower screen body 53 in opposite directions. The double-sieve body vibration is self-balancing, and the influence of the double-sieve body on the vibration of the whole machine is effectively reduced.
The top plate of the upper screen body 51 is provided with a front shaking plate 511, a front pick-by-pick device 512, a rear shaking plate 513 and a rear pick-by-pick device 514 in sequence from the head to the tail of the upper screen body 51; the front shaking plate 511 and the rear shaking plate 513 are provided with corrugated structures, the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514 are in a grid shape, and the upper surfaces of the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514 are provided with a plurality of sawtooth structures which are inclined towards the tail; the grid mesh of the front pickaxe 512 is larger than that of the rear pickaxe 514. The top edges of the four side walls of the upper sifter 51 are higher than the height of the top plate thereof to prevent peanut pods from falling off the top plate edges of the upper sifter 51.
The front shaking plate 511 is used for receiving the mixture of peanut pods and impurities output by the peanut picking device, wherein the impurities comprise soil impurities and long impurities and short impurities of peanut seedlings. During the shaking of the upper screen body 51, the peanut pods and impurities move gradually from front to back over the upper screen body 51. The front edge of the front pick-by-pick 512 is welded to the rear edge of the front shaking plate 511. The front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 is mainly used for scattering materials (a mixture of peanut pods and impurities), screening out long impurities and pushing the long impurities to the rear shaking plate 513, and part of short impurities, peanut pods and soil impurities leak down from the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512. The front pick changer 512 has a large amount of material and a larger grid size is used to allow more pods to be dropped as quickly as possible.
In the process of shaking the upper screen body 1, the rear shaking plate 513 has the functions of enabling the materials to be mixed, scattered, layered and pushed backwards on the rear shaking plate again, and the pods which are not leaked down by the previous pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 are layered on the rear shaking plate 513, namely, the pods are in the upper layer and the pods are in the lower layer, so that the efficiency of secondary screening by the subsequent pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514 is greatly improved.
The front edge of the rear pick 514 is welded to the rear edge of the rear shaking plate 513. The material pushed by the rear shaker plate 513 is directed onto the rear pickaxe 514. The rear pickaxe 514 screens out the long impurities and the short impurities and pushes the long impurities and the short impurities to the tail of the upper screen body 51. After the first material screening of the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512, the amount of the material pushed to the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514 is significantly reduced, including a small amount of pods, most of the long impurities and the short impurities, and in order to avoid the long impurities and the short impurities from leaking from the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514, a smaller grid size should be adopted on the premise of ensuring the pod leakage.
As shown in fig. 13 (including a partially enlarged view of the front pick chaser 512 and the rear pick chaser 514 in fig. 13), the front pick chaser 512 and the rear pick chaser 514 include a plurality of strip-shaped serrated plates 516 arranged longitudinally of the upper screen body 51 and a plurality of strip-shaped connecting plates 517 arranged transversely of the upper screen body 51; the sawtooth structure is arranged on the top edge of the strip-shaped sawtooth plate 516; the strip-shaped connecting plate 517 sequentially penetrates through each strip-shaped sawtooth plate 516, and the top edge of the strip-shaped connecting plate is bent towards the tail part of the upper screen body 51 to form a flow guide structure;
the distance between adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates 517 in the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 is 59-61mm, and the distance between adjacent strip-shaped sawtooth plates 516 is 69-71 mm; in this embodiment, the grid size of the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 is 70mm (transverse) × 60 (longitudinal) mm;
the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates 517 in the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe 514 is 34-36mm, and the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped serrated plates 516 is 39-42 mm. In this embodiment, the grid size of the rear pickaxe 514 is 40mm (transverse) × 35 (longitudinal) mm.
In this embodiment, the head of the upper screen body 51 is communicated with a cross flow fan 58 that generates positive pressure; a light impurity outlet 515 with an upward opening is arranged between the rear edge of the rear pickaxe 514 and the tail end plate of the upper screen body 51; a first impurity-absorbing and dust-collecting device 59a aligned with the light impurity outlet 515 and the rear edge of the rear pickaxe 514 is arranged above the tail part of the upper screen body 51. The cross-flow fan 58 is matched with the first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a, a uniform wind field from front to back is formed in the upper screen body 51, and the wind field can directly act on materials leaked from the front and back document collectors. Generally, fans used in a cleaning part of a peanut combine harvester are axial fans, and when a fan shaft is long, two ends of the wind speed of an air outlet of each axial fan are large, the middle of the wind speed is small, and the wind field is seriously uneven. The cross flow fan 58 can completely avoid the above phenomenon, and the wind pressure generated by the cross flow fan is larger under the same power.
In this embodiment, the positive pressure and the negative pressure of the airflow of the cross-flow fan 58 and the first impurity-adsorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a are complementary, and the airflow blown out by the cross-flow fan 58 passes through the cavity inside the upper screen body 51 and is finally absorbed by the first impurity-adsorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a, so that a uniform wind field can be formed in the closed upper screen body 51. In the process, as the airflow is absorbed by the first impurity-absorbing grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a, the airflow can be prevented from flowing upwards through the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe 512 to block the falling of the material.
The height of the middle part of the bottom plate of the upper screen body 51 is lower than that of the front part of the bottom plate, so that the airflow channel in the front half part of the upper screen body 51 is a wedge-shaped channel with a small front end section and a large rear end section. In addition, the rear edge of the grid plate 56 adjacent to the rear of the upper screen body 51 is higher than the opposite front edge thereof, which results in a wedge-shaped airflow channel with a thick front end and a thin rear end formed between the grid plate 56 and the top plate of the upper screen body 51. In the working process, the front wedge-shaped channel and the rear wedge-shaped channel enable the wind fields at the front end and the rear end inside the upper screen body 51 to be fast, and the air flow in the middle part is relatively gentle. This makes the material can be better layering in the middle part of last screen frame 51, and the layering in-process, heavier peanut pod is under, and light miscellaneous, short miscellaneous are last, and then make light miscellaneous short miscellaneous more easily carried by the wind field.
The material that preceding, back chasing pick ware falls under the effect of the windfarm of inside upper screen frame 51 and the vibrations of upper screen frame 51, can roll backward in succession, and it can make the material further break up to roll, and the pod that is wrapped up by short miscellaneous and light miscellaneous can be followed the separation at the in-process that rolls, compares the material that piles, and the material of dispersion more does benefit to the windfarm and to carrying of short miscellaneous and light miscellaneous.
The grid plate 56 is in a louver shape, and includes a plurality of vane plates 561 arranged along the transverse direction of the upper screen 51, and the front edges of the vane plates 561 facing the head of the upper screen 51 are lower than the rear edges thereof; blanking gaps are formed between adjacent vane plates 561. In this embodiment, the distance between the vane plates 561 in the horizontal direction is 150mm, and each vane plate 561 forms an angle of 30 ° with the top surface of the upper screen body 51. Under the action of the wind field and vibration, peanut pods inside the upper screen 51 fall out of the spaces between the vane plates 561.
Other functions of the grid plate 56 are: the device can be used as an air deflector to guide an air field generated by a cross-flow fan to flow to an air inlet of a first impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-raising preventing device 59a, so that light impurities and short impurities are discharged from a light impurity outlet 515 at the tail part of the upper screen body 51; secondly, the materials are scattered along with the vibration of the screen body, and the long impurities are screened out and pushed backwards and discharged from a light impurity outlet 515 at the tail part of the upper screen body 1.
The width of the air outlet of the cross-flow fan 58 and the width of the air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a are the same as the width of the upper screen 51; the cross section of the air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-preventing device 59a is parallel to the plane of the top plate of the upper screen body 51. The first impurity-absorbing grass-collecting dust-preventing device 59a is not only used for absorbing light impurities and short impurities discharged from the light impurities outlet 515, but also can absorb long impurities which are pushed by the pick 514 one by one and cannot fall down.
The lower screen body 53 is a circular hole screen, the rear part of the lower screen body is provided with a discharge collecting port, the height of the front part of the lower screen body is higher than that of the rear part of the lower screen body, the included angle between the front part of the lower screen body and the horizontal direction is 3 degrees, and the longitudinal length of the lower screen body is larger than 2.7m, so that a large amount of material mixtures can be effectively scattered in the backward shaking and conveying. A second dust-absorbing and collecting device 59b is arranged above the rear part of the lower screen body 53.
The pods ejected from the grid plate 56 are contaminated with small amounts of soil and light debris. In the vibration process of the lower sieve body 53, the pod mixture moves backwards, soil impurities fall from sieve holes of the round hole sieve, and the pods finally fall from a discharge collection port at the tail of the lower sieve body 53. Part of the light impurities are sucked away by the second impurity-sucking and grass-collecting dust-proof device 59 b. The air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-preventing device 59b is the same as the width of the lower sieve body 53; the cross section of the air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-preventing device 59b is parallel to the screen surface of the lower screen 53, and the distance between the air inlet and the screen surface is 8 cm-15 cm.
The positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening device 5 has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the front and rear 2 manuscript-chasing devices are designed according to different material quantities and different material components, so that the longitudinal two-stage screening of the material on the upper screening surface is realized, and the rear shaking plate is arranged between the front and rear manuscript-chasing devices, so that the material is re-mixed, scattered and layered, and the screening efficiency is greatly improved.
(2) The four-stage three-dimensional screening device comprises 4 types of screen surfaces (a front straw grader, a rear straw grader, a grid plate and a circular hole screen), and the 4 types of screen surfaces are assembled according to the upper layer, the middle layer and the lower layer of space, so that four-stage three-dimensional screening of materials is realized.
(3) The materials are sequentially screened for four times, and long impurities, short impurities, light impurities and soil impurities are sequentially screened out of the machine at different screening stages. Wherein most soil impurities are screened out of the machine through the lower sieve body instead of being blown out through air separation as in the prior machine type, so that the generated dust is very small.
(4) Three fans form positive and negative pressure multi-wind system series connection winnowing, wherein two negative pressure fans and one positive pressure fan are configured with different fans at different screening stages, thereby realizing the winnowing of different material components and improving the winnowing efficiency. The three fans respectively take their own duties and share, so the wind speed of each fan does not need to be too high.
(5) The upper sieve body and the lower sieve body are driven by the same driving shaft, the vibration directions of the two sieve bodies are opposite, the vibration of the double sieve bodies is self-balanced, and the influence of the double sieve bodies on the vibration of the whole machine is effectively reduced.
(6) The combined harvester has the advantages of ingenious design, compact structure, simple structure, convenience and quickness in assembly, convenience in cleaning and smooth operation, and is suitable for material cleaning of the movable combined harvester.
As shown in fig. 15 to 17, in the positive and negative wind pressure group wind screening device 5, the first impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-preventing device 59a and the second impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-preventing device 59b are used for absorbing light impurities, and both of them have the same structure, and each of them includes an axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder 82 with an opening at the bottom and vertically arranged, a negative pressure crushing fan 81 with the bottom connected with the axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder 882, a grass-collecting device 83 with the front communicated with the side of the negative pressure crushing fan 81 through a tangential flow wind impurity guide cylinder 815, a water tank 85 arranged at the top of the grass-collecting device 83, and a dust-removing box 84 communicated with the back of the grass-collecting device 83 through a plurality of wind guide pipes 832. Each part is fixed on a frame of the peanut picking combine through a support frame. The impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is arranged above the screen body of the positive and negative air pressure group air distribution screening device 5 and is used for absorbing impurities with lighter weight.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the fan housing 811 of the negative pressure pulverizing fan 81 is cylindrical and is vertically disposed; a rotary shaft 812 is coaxially provided inside the fan housing 811, and the rotary shaft 812 is provided with a large number of blades 813 along the radial direction thereof. The top end of the rotary shaft 812 passes through the top plate of the fan housing 811 and is connected to the pulley 816. The pulley 816 is used for driving connection with the servo motor so as to drive the rotation shaft 812 and the blade 813 to rotate.
The bottom end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder 82 is provided with an absorbing opening, and the top end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is communicated with the bottom of the fan shell 811. During the rotation of the rotary shaft 812, the negative pressure pulverizing fan 81 generates a high-speed air flow to suck air from the axial flow air suction cylinder 82 into the fan housing 811, and during this process, light impurities on the screen of the screening device enter the fan housing 811 along with the air flow. The air flow then enters the grass catcher 83 through the tangential air impurity guide tube 815 where the heavier impurities are deposited, and then enters the dust box 84 through the air guide 832.
The windward side of the blade 813 is provided with a crushing knife 814 perpendicular to the windward side, and the cutting edge of the crushing knife 814 is parallel to the windward side. The light impurities mainly comprise sundries such as crushed leaves, stems, crushed soil, broken branches and seedlings, raised dust, scraps and the like mixed in the peanuts. Part of light impurities are flat, so the dust absorbing and collecting device is easy to block. The light impurities are cut up and then are more easily treated, so that the impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is not easy to block. In this embodiment, four parallel crushing knives 814 are sequentially arranged on the windward side of the blade 813 from top to bottom; in the blades 813, the crushing blades 814 positioned at the uppermost end and the lowermost end are provided at the top edge and the bottom edge of the blades 813, respectively. In this embodiment, the leeward surface of the blade 813 is provided with a connecting rod 817, and one end of the connecting rod 817 is vertically connected to the rotating shaft 812.
The axial flow wind impurity suction barrel 82 is of a telescopic structure with adjustable vertical length, the top end of the axial flow wind impurity suction barrel is fixedly arranged, and the height of the bottom end of the axial flow wind impurity suction barrel can be adjusted according to the position of the screen body. The axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder 82 includes a fixed cylinder 821 located above and a lifting cylinder 822 located below; the bottom end of the fixed cylinder 821 and the top end of the lifting cylinder 822 are sleeved; fixing lug plates 823 are arranged on two sides of the outer surface of the fixing cylinder 821, and lifting lug plates 824 opposite to the fixing lug plates 823 are arranged on two sides of the outer surface of the lifting cylinder 822; the fixed ear plate 823 is connected to the lifting ear plate 824 by an adjustment screw 825. The height of the elevation cylinder 822 can be adjusted by adjusting the nut of the adjustment bolt 825 so that the absorption port at the bottom of the elevation cylinder 822 can be maintained at a proper distance from the screen body.
The grass-collecting device 83 is of a box-shaped structure, and a tangential air impurity guide cylinder 815 connecting the grass-collecting device 83 and the fan shell 811 is arranged along the tangential direction of the fan shell 811, so that the kinetic energy loss is small in the process of exhausting air flow out of the fan shell 811. The bottom of the grass collector 83 is provided with an openable discharging plate 831, and when the light impurities in the grass collector 83 are excessive, the openable discharging plate 831 can be opened to discharge the light impurities. In this embodiment, the grass collecting principle of the grass collecting device 83 is as follows: the air flow speed of the cut-flow air impurity guiding barrel 815 is high, and after the cut-flow air impurity guiding barrel enters the large-volume grass collecting device 83, the air flow speed is slow, so that light impurities are easy to deposit.
After the light impurities are deposited in the grass collecting device 83, the light impurities are communicated with the dust removal box 84 through the air guide pipe 832. The bottom plate and the top plate of the dust removing box 84 are provided with a plurality of air outlet dust discharging openings 841; a plurality of atomizing nozzles 842 with downward spraying directions are arranged on the top plate of the dust removing box 84; the atomizer 842 is connected with the water pump and the water tank 85 in sequence through a pipeline.
The gas entering the dust box 84 contains much dust which, if discharged directly, can cause dusting. Set up atomizer 842 at dust removal case 84 top, its spun water smoke can fill in the top of dust removal case 84 and the inside of dust removal case 84, and the water smoke can be in the same place with the dust that smugglies secretly in the air current, makes it subside to discharge to ground through air-out dust exhaust 841 of dust removal case 84 bottom, thereby reach the effect of straining dirt, dust removal, dust fall, dust raising prevention, effectively protect ecological environment. In one embodiment, the diameter of the wind dust exhaust 841 is 9mm to 11 mm. The number of air deflection conduits 832 is three.
In this embodiment, the beneficial effect of gettering grass collection raise dust prevention device is: inhale miscellaneous grass collection raise dust prevention device can effectively absorb the light miscellaneous of mixing in the peanut pod, and grass collection device can make the light miscellaneous deposit in the air current, and the dust in the air current can condense under the effect of atomizer spun water smoke of dust removal case top and subside, avoids producing the raise dust at the selection by winnowing in-process.
As shown in fig. 18 and 19, the lifting device includes a frame-shaped lifting frame 608, a flat belt 602, and a plurality of skips 601 disposed on the flat belt 602. The lifting frame 608 is disposed in a vertical orientation, with its axis of revolution along the forward direction of the peanut picking combine.
The flat belt 602 is annular, has the same length as the inner side of the lifting frame 608, the outer surface of the flat belt is attached to the inner surface of the lifting frame 608, and the skip is arranged on the inner surface of the flat belt 602; the opening of each of the skips 601 is circumferential towards the elevator frame 608. The opening direction of each skip 601 is clockwise when viewed along the advancing direction of the peanut picking combine harvester.
Conveying chains 603 are arranged on two sides of the inner surface of the flat belt 602; a plurality of driven sprockets 606 which are meshed with the conveying chain 603 are arranged on the lifting frame 608, and the flat belt 602 is pressed on the inner surface of the lifting frame 608 through the driven sprockets 606; the conveying chain 603 is engaged with at least one powered tensioning wheel 606 a; the tension pulley 606a is connected to a power unit for driving the flat belt 602 to move along the inner surface of the lift frame 608. During the movement of the flat belt 602, each skip 601 moves along its opening direction on the inner surface of the elevating frame 608.
The bottom plate of the lifting frame 608 is used for receiving peanut pods discharged from a discharge and collection port of the positive and negative air pressure group air-mixing screening device; the front edge and the rear edge of the bottom plate are connected with fruit blocking plates 604; the peanut blocking plates 604 and the bottom plate form a groove-shaped structure for collecting peanut pods, and when each skip 601 passes through the groove-shaped structure, the skip 601 loads the peanut pods, and as the skip is lifted continuously, the peanut pods are dumped downwards when the skip passes through the top plate of the lifting frame 608.
A pod throwing device 607 for receiving pods dumped from the skip 601 is arranged below the top plate of the lifting frame 608; the fruit throwing device 607 comprises a conveyor belt 617 which is positioned below the top plate and is positioned above the fruit collecting box 7 at the other end, and side sliding plates 618 which are positioned at two sides of the conveyor belt 617 and are inclined towards the conveyor belt 617.
The foregoing has described in detail preferred embodiments of the present invention. It should be understood that numerous modifications and variations can be devised by those skilled in the art in light of the teachings of the present invention without undue experimentation. Therefore, the technical solutions that can be obtained by a person skilled in the art through logic analysis, reasoning or limited experiments based on the prior art according to the concepts of the present invention should be within the scope of protection defined by the claims.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a combine is picked up to peanut of low raise dust which includes walking chassis, its characterized in that:
a picking platform, a conveying groove, a tangential axial flow combined fruit picking device, a positive and negative air pressure group air distribution screening device and a lifting device are sequentially arranged on the walking chassis from front to back; a fruit collecting box is arranged above the positive and negative wind pressure group wind distribution screening device; the picking platform picks up peanut seedlings and conveys the peanut seedlings to the axial flow cutting combined picking device through the conveying groove;
the axial-flow cutting combined fruit picking device is transversely provided with two fruit picking rollers with parallel axes and different lengths on a fruit picking device rack towards the advancing direction of the combine harvester, the first-stage fruit picking roller with short length is positioned at the front part, the second-stage fruit picking roller with long length is positioned at the rear part, and one ends of the two rollers close to the outer side of the combine harvester are parallel and level;
the first-stage fruit picking roller is positioned in front of the central part of the combine harvester and is provided with a feed inlet communicated with the tail end of the conveying groove, and an axial flow fruit picking section and a tangential flow fruit picking section are sequentially arranged along the axial outer side;
the secondary fruit picking roller is provided with a tangential flow fruit picking section, an axial flow fruit picking section and a grass discharging section in sequence from the outer side to the other end along the axial direction; the side wall of the grass discharge section is provided with a grass discharge port, and the grass discharge port is connected with a grass discharge fan;
the tangential flow fruit picking section of the primary fruit picking roller is communicated with the side wall of the tangential flow fruit picking section of the secondary fruit picking roller to form a tangential flow fruit picking mechanism;
the interior of each of the two fruit picking rollers is provided with a fruit picking roller, and each fruit picking roller comprises a fruit picking roller main shaft arranged along the axis of the fruit picking roller and fruit picking rods distributed around the fruit picking roller main shaft; a plurality of fruit picking spring teeth extending outwards are arranged on the fruit picking rod at intervals;
the end part of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller is connected with a power device; the top shells of the two fruit picking rollers are of a closed structure, and guide plates distributed in a spiral shape are arranged on the inner surfaces of the top shells; the spiral direction of the guide plate is matched with the rotation direction of the peanut picking roller, so that the guide plate is matched with the peanut picking roller to convey peanut seedlings along the axis direction of the peanut picking roller;
the bottom shells of the two fruit picking rollers are concave plate sieves; the concave plate sieve is formed by connecting rod-shaped cross beams arranged along the axial direction of the fruit picking roller and rod-shaped longitudinal beams distributed along the circumferential direction of the fruit picking roller in a staggered manner;
the positive and negative wind pressure set wind distribution screening device comprises an upper screen body and a lower screen body; wherein:
the upper screen body and the lower screen body are arranged on the frame through a vibrating device; the upper screen body is of a hollow box-shaped structure, and a grid plate is arranged in a region, close to the tail, of a bottom plate of the upper screen body; the front part of the lower screen body is positioned below the grid plate to receive the material leakage of the grid plate;
the top plate of the upper screen body is sequentially provided with a front shaking plate, a front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device, a rear shaking plate and a rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe device from the head to the tail of the upper screen body; the front shaking plate and the rear shaking plate are provided with corrugated structures, the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe are in a grid shape, and the upper surfaces of the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe are provided with a plurality of sawtooth structures which incline towards the tail part of the upper screen body; the grid meshes of the front pick-by-pick device are larger than those of the rear pick-by-pick device;
the head of the upper screen body is communicated with a cross-flow fan generating positive pressure; a light impurity outlet with an upward opening is arranged between the rear edge of the rear pickaxe chasing device and the tail end plate of the upper screen body; a first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device which is aligned with the light impurity outlet and the rear edge of the rear pick-chasing device is arranged above the tail of the upper screen body; a second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is arranged above the rear part of the lower screen body;
the lower sieve body is a round hole sieve, and a discharge collecting port is arranged at the rear part of the lower sieve body; the lifting device is used for receiving peanut pods falling from the discharging and collecting opening and conveying the peanut pods to the peanut collecting box.
2. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: and in the grass arrangement section of the secondary fruit picking roller, grass arrangement spike teeth are arranged on a fruit picking rod of the fruit picking roller, and the arrangement density of the grass arrangement spike teeth is greater than that of the axial flow fruit picking section and the tangential flow fruit picking section.
3. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: the fruit picking roller is cage-shaped and comprises a fruit picking roller main shaft, a supporting disc and a plurality of fruit picking rods; the two supporting discs are fixedly arranged at two ends of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller; each fruit picking rod is arranged in parallel with the main shaft of the fruit picking roller, and two ends of each fruit picking rod are respectively fixedly connected with the outer edge of the supporting disc; two ends of the main shaft of the fruit picking roller respectively penetrate through end plates of the fruit picking roller where the main shaft is located, and are installed on the frame of the fruit picking device through grass winding prevention bearings.
4. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: two sides of the head of the upper screen body are respectively and rotatably connected with the bottom ends of the two front swing arms, and the top ends of the front swing arms are rotatably connected with the rack; two sides of the tail part of the upper screen body are rotatably connected with the top ends of the two driving arms; the middle part of the driving arm is rotationally connected with the rack;
the bottom ends of the two driving arms are respectively and rotatably connected with two sides of the lower screen body; two sides of the rear part of the lower screen body are rotationally connected with the rack through two rear swing arms, and at least one driving arm is eccentrically and rotationally connected with a flywheel through a rod piece; the driving arm is used for driving the upper sieve body and the lower sieve body to vibrate.
5. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device and the rear pickaxe-by-pickaxe device comprise a plurality of strip-shaped sawtooth plates longitudinally arranged along the upper screen body and a plurality of strip-shaped connecting plates transversely arranged along the upper screen body; the sawtooth structure is arranged on the top edge of the strip-shaped sawtooth plate; the strip-shaped connecting plate sequentially penetrates through each strip-shaped sawtooth plate, and the top edge of the strip-shaped connecting plate is bent towards the tail direction of the upper screen body to form a flow guide structure;
the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates in the front pickaxe-by-pickaxe device is 59-61mm, and the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped sawtooth plates is 69-71 mm;
the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped connecting plates in the rear pick chasing device is 34-36mm, and the distance between the adjacent strip-shaped sawtooth plates is 39-42 mm.
6. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: the width of the air outlet of the cross-flow fan and the width of the air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing, grass-collecting and dust-raising preventing device are the same as the width of the upper screen body; the cross section of an air inlet of the first impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is parallel to the plane of a top plate of the upper screen body;
the width of the air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is the same as that of the lower screen body; the cross section of an air inlet of the second impurity-absorbing and grass-collecting dust-preventing device is parallel to the screen surface of the lower screen body, and the distance between the cross section of the air inlet and the screen surface is 8 cm-15 cm.
7. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: the first impurity-absorbing and collecting and dust-preventing device and the second impurity-absorbing and collecting and dust-preventing device have the same structure, and both comprise an axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder with an opening at the bottom and arranged vertically, a negative pressure crushing fan with the bottom connected with the axial flow wind impurity-absorbing cylinder, a grass-collecting device with the front communicated with the side surface of the negative pressure crushing fan through a tangential flow wind impurity guide cylinder, a water tank arranged at the top of the grass-collecting device and a dust-removing box communicated with the back of the grass-collecting device through a plurality of air guide pipes; wherein:
the fan shell of the negative pressure crushing fan is cylindrical and is arranged vertically; a rotating shaft is coaxially arranged in the fan shell, a plurality of blades are arranged on the rotating shaft along the radial direction of the rotating shaft, a crushing knife perpendicular to the blades is arranged on the windward side of each blade, and the cutting edge of each crushing knife is parallel to the windward side;
the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is of a telescopic structure with adjustable vertical length, the bottom end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is provided with an absorbing port, and the top end of the axial flow air impurity absorbing cylinder is communicated with the bottom of the fan shell;
the grass collecting device is of a box-shaped structure, and the tangential wind impurity guide cylinder which is connected with the grass collecting device and the fan shell is arranged along the tangential direction of the fan shell; the bottom of the grass collecting device is provided with an openable discharging plate;
a plurality of air outlet dust exhaust ports are formed in the bottom plate and the top plate of the dust removal box; a plurality of atomizing spray heads with downward spraying directions are arranged on a top plate of the dust removal box; the atomizing nozzle is sequentially connected with the water pump and the water tank through pipelines.
8. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 7, further comprising: the axial flow air impurity suction barrel comprises a fixed barrel body positioned above and a lifting barrel body positioned below; the bottom end of the fixed cylinder body and the top end of the lifting cylinder body are sleeved; the outer surface of the fixed cylinder body is provided with a fixed lug plate, and the outer surface of the lifting cylinder body is provided with a lifting lug plate opposite to the fixed lug plate; the fixed ear plate is connected with the lifting ear plate through an adjusting screw rod.
9. A low dusting peanut picking combine as in claim 1 further comprising: the lifting device comprises a frame-shaped lifting frame, a flat belt and a plurality of skips arranged on the flat belt; the opening of each skip is towards the annular direction of the lifting frame; the flat belt is annular, the outer surface of the flat belt is attached to the inner surface of the lifting frame, and the skip is arranged on the inner surface of the flat belt; conveying chains are arranged on two sides of the inner surface of the flat belt; a plurality of driven chain wheels meshed with the conveying chains are arranged on the lifting rack, and the flat belt is pressed on the inner surface of the lifting rack through the driven chain wheels; the conveying chain is meshed with at least one powered tensioning wheel;
the bottom plate of the lifting frame is used for bearing peanut pods discharged from a discharge and collection port of the positive and negative air pressure group air screening device; the front edge and the rear edge of the bottom plate are connected with fruit blocking plates;
a pod throwing device for receiving pods dumped in the skip bucket is arranged below the top plate of the lifting frame; the fruit throwing device comprises a conveyor belt and side sliding plates, wherein one section of the conveyor belt is positioned below the top plate, the other end of the conveyor belt is positioned above the fruit collecting box, and the side sliding plates are positioned on two sides of the conveyor belt and incline to the conveyor belt.
CN202020237292.1U 2020-03-02 2020-03-02 Peanut pickup combine harvester with low raise dust Active CN212936724U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113321053A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-08-31 江苏黛恒家居科技有限公司 Automatic unwinding device of non-woven fabrics yarn screening formula

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113321053A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-08-31 江苏黛恒家居科技有限公司 Automatic unwinding device of non-woven fabrics yarn screening formula

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