CN212932383U - Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system - Google Patents

Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212932383U
CN212932383U CN202021661509.8U CN202021661509U CN212932383U CN 212932383 U CN212932383 U CN 212932383U CN 202021661509 U CN202021661509 U CN 202021661509U CN 212932383 U CN212932383 U CN 212932383U
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China
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unit
feed raw
cattle feed
raw material
detection
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CN202021661509.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄永震
李毓华
蔡翠翠
李慧敏
于翔
贺花
宋欣燃
张子敬
刘贤
王二耀
文逸凡
施巧婷
茹宝瑞
祁兴磊
王建钦
王玉海
王凤勤
王闯
徐照学
雷初朝
陈宏�
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fodder quality detection technical field, concretely relates to ox feed ingredient quality safety inspection system, including the unloading unit, the transfer unit, the layering unit, detecting element and the control unit, the unloading unit is established directly over the transfer unit left side, and the layering unit is located directly over the transfer unit, detecting element establishes in transfer unit output below, be equipped with in the detecting element below and connect the hopper, and the unloading unit, the transfer unit, the layering unit, detecting element is connected with the control unit electricity respectively, this detecting system simple structure, convenient operation, the time that needs artifical detection letter sorting has been reduced, time saving and labor saving, workman's letter sorting efficiency has been improved, the labour cost has been saved.

Description

Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to a feed quality detects technical field, concretely relates to ox feed ingredient quality safety inspection system.
Background art:
the feed raw materials comprise grains, soybeans, corns and other varieties, which are important raw materials in modern animal husbandry, the quality safety of the feed raw materials is required to be detected before the feed is prepared into the feed for livestock, so that the quality of the processed feed is ensured, the quality safety of the cattle feed raw materials is mostly manually detected at present, the feed raw materials are manually separated from mildew, hard lumps, foreign matters and the like, the cattle feed raw materials are generally large in amount, the manual detection mode wastes time and labor, the efficiency is low, the body of a worker feels tired after long-time separation, the mildewed feed raw materials or foreign matters are leaked in the process of sorting the cattle feed raw materials, the detection quality cannot be ensured, manual grinding is required when the aflatoxin in the cattle feed raw materials is manually detected, and then fluorescent powder is used for detection, so the detection efficiency is low, and the detection effect is not accurate enough.
In the process of safety detection of cattle feed raw materials, how to develop a cattle feed raw material detection system with high efficiency and accurate detection result is a problem to be solved urgently.
The invention content is as follows:
to artifical inaccurate and the inefficiency problem of detecting ox feed ingredient, the utility model provides an ox feed ingredient quality safety inspection system can improve ox feed ingredient quality safety inspection's efficiency, and the inside aflatoxin that detects out of ox feed ingredient that can be accurate through array near infrared spectrum probe moreover has guaranteed the quality of the fodder after the processing of ox feed ingredient.
The utility model provides a scheme that its technical problem adopted is: a cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system comprises a discharge hopper, a laser sensor, a baffle, a conical diversion trench, a conveying unit, a layering unit, a detection unit and a control unit, wherein the discharge hopper is arranged above one side of the conveying unit, and the conveying direction of the conveying unit is clockwise conveying; the baffle plates are fixed on two sides of the conveying unit below the blanking hopper, and the laser sensors are fixed on the inner sides of the baffle plates on two sides of the conveying unit; the layering unit comprises a fixed rod, a base and a material limiting plate, the fixed rod is fixed on the outer sides of the baffles on the two sides of the conveying unit, the base is sleeved on the fixed rod on the two sides in a matching mode, and the material limiting plate is installed at the bottom end of the base; the conical diversion trench is arranged below the output end of the conveying unit, and the bottom of the conical diversion trench is communicated; the detection unit is arranged below the conical diversion trench and comprises an array near infrared spectrum probe, a detection box and a screen receiving plate, the detection box is of a hollow structure and is communicated from top to bottom, the array near infrared spectrum probe is arranged on one side of the detection box, and the screen receiving plate is arranged on the inner side surface of the other side of the detection box; the laser sensor, the transmission unit and the detection unit are electrically connected with the control unit.
Further, the conveying unit comprises a conveying belt, a transmission roller and a driving motor, and the conveying belt is driven by the transmission roller to transmit forwards and forwards in a clockwise mode under the action of the driving motor.
Furthermore, the width of the material limiting plate is consistent with that of the conveying belt, the material limiting plate is in a semi-arc shape, and the material limiting plate does not exceed the baffle plates on two sides of the conveying unit.
Further, the base is adjustable, and the base can be transferred on the dead lever, according to the feed ingredient of difference and feed ingredient's shape size, the size of spacing slit between accessible base adjustment limit flitch and the conveyer belt, and feed ingredient forms individual layer feed ingredient granule under the effect of limit flitch.
Further, still including connecing the hopper, connect the hopper to establish the below at the detection case.
Further, the control unit is a PLC controller.
Furthermore, an electromagnetic valve is arranged at the bottom of the blanking hopper and electrically connected with the PLC.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model discloses there are four kinds of beneficial effect.
First, simple structure, convenient operation has reduced the time that needs artifical detection letter sorting, has improved workman's letter sorting efficiency, has saved the labour cost.
The second, the base is adjustable, through the base adjust from top to bottom on the dead lever, can adjust the size of spacing slit between limit flitch and the conveyer belt according to ox feed stuff's shape and granularity size to make feed stuff form the individual layer feed stuff granule of tiling under the effect of limit flitch.
Third, can control down the solenoid valve in the hopper through the laser sensor on conveyer belt both sides baffle inboard, after ox feed stuff falls to the conveyer belt through down the hopper on, because of the whereabouts volume is too big, just can produce on the conveyer belt and pile up, if pile up highly the response height that has surpassed laser sensor, then laser sensor just can send signal to the PLC controller, the PLC controller just can be automatic close the solenoid valve, stop feed stuff's whereabouts, avoided because of piling up excessively, lead to the fact the condition of damage to the conveyer belt.
Fourth, through the cooperation of array near infrared spectrum probe and screen receiving panel, gather the near infrared spectrum of feed ingredient granule, then convey the array data who gathers to the PLC controller, the PLC controller carries out data analysis, if detect have mildenes and rot, foreign matter or contain the feed ingredient of aflatoxin, just can send the instruction at once and make the transfer unit stop and close the solenoid valve, the workman only need with unqualified feed ingredient of quality sort out can, labour saving and time saving.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a flow chart of the present detection system.
FIG. 2 is an external view of a detecting unit of the detecting system.
Fig. 3 is an appearance diagram of a conical diversion trench in the detection system.
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of another configuration of a hierarchical unit in the detection system.
In the figure, the device comprises a hopper 1, a solenoid valve 2, a laser sensor 3, a fixing rod 4, a base 5, a semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6, a baffle 7, a transmission motor 8, a conveyor belt 9, a conical diversion trench 10, a screen receiving plate 11, a detection box 12, an array near infrared spectrum probe 13, a PLC (programmable logic controller) 14, a hopper 15, a transmission belt 16, a driving motor 17, a limiting bolt 18 and a vertical through hole 19.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
Example 1, the feed ingredient is as the important raw materials of modern animal husbandry, and it all needs to carry out quality control before making the fodder of livestock, sorts out unqualified raw materials, adopts manual detection at present in the detection to ox feed ingredient mostly, but because the volume of ox feed ingredient is great, manual detection is very time-consuming and laborious, and the workman just can feel tired in spirit in long-time detection work, thereby leads to leaking the not too much quality of ox feed ingredient or foreign matter, and detection quality can't guarantee.
In order to solve the above problems, the present embodiment provides a cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system, as shown in fig. 1, which includes a feeding hopper 1, the feeding hopper 1 is conical, an electromagnetic valve 2 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the feeding hopper 1, and the electromagnetic valve 2 can realize the opening and closing of the feeding hopper 1; a conveying unit is arranged under the blanking hopper 1 and comprises a conveying belt 9, transmission rollers 8, a conveying belt 16 and a driving motor 17, the conveying belt 9 is sleeved on the two transmission rollers 8 in a matching mode, the driving motor 17 is in transmission connection with the transmission rollers 8 through the conveying belt 16, and when the driving motor 17 runs, the driving rollers 8 can be driven to enable the conveying belt 9 to convey clockwise; the baffle plates 7 are horizontally arranged on two sides above the conveyor belt 9 in a mirror image mode, the baffle plates 7 are rectangular, the height of the two baffle plates 7 is constant, and the baffle plates 7 can prevent cattle feed raw materials falling onto the conveyor belt 9 from the feeding hopper 1 from falling; the inboard of baffle 7 of hopper 1 below is equipped with laser sensor 3 down, and laser sensor 3 level respectively fixes the inboard at the baffle 7 of conveyer belt 9 both sides, and laser sensor 3 can respond to the ox fodder raw materials of piling up on conveyer belt 9, and the height of piling up when ox fodder raw materials has surpassed laser sensor's induction height, and laser sensor 3 just can send signal to PLC controller 14 so.
The outer side surfaces of the baffles 7 on the two sides are respectively and vertically welded with fixed rods 4, the fixed rods 4 correspond to each other, a base 5 is arranged between the fixed rods 4 on the two sides, the base 5 is sleeved on the fixed rods 4 on the two sides, a semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6 is fixedly installed at the bottom end below the base 5, the width of the semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6 is consistent with that of the conveyor belt 9, and the semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6 does not exceed the baffles 7 on the two sides of the conveyor belt 9; the base 5 is adjustable and can be moved up and down between the fixing rods 4 on the two sides, the size of a limiting slit between the semi-arc limiting plate 6 and the conveyor belt 9 can be adjusted by moving the base 5 up and down between the fixing rods 4 on the two sides, the conical diversion trench 10 is arranged below the output end of the conveyor belt 9, the width of the conical diversion trench 10 is larger than that of the conveyor belt 9, the bottom of the conical diversion trench 10 is communicated, a detection box 12 is arranged under the conical diversion trench 10, the detection box 12 is of a hollow structure and is communicated up and down, the width of the detection box 12 is larger than that of the conical diversion trench 10, the right side of the detection box 12 is provided with an array near infrared spectrum probe 13, a screen receiving plate 11 corresponding to the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 is fixedly arranged on the inner side wall on the left side of the detection box 12, and the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 can send detection data of, after receiving the detection data, the screen receiving plate 11 feeds the detection data back to the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 again, and then the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 transmits the collected array data to the PLC 14; a receiving hopper 15 is arranged below the detection box 12, and the receiving hopper 15 can store cattle feed raw materials.
When the detection system is used for detecting cattle feed raw materials, the drive motor 17 is started through the PLC 14, the drive motor 17 controls the conveying roller 8 to rotate, so that the conveying belt 9 is driven to move forwards clockwise, then the cattle feed raw materials are poured into the blanking hopper 1, the cattle feed raw materials fall onto the conveying belt 9 through the blanking hopper 1 and are driven to move forwards under the action of the conveying belt 9, and when the cattle feed raw materials pass through the semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6, the feed raw materials form tiled single-layer cattle feed raw material particles under the action of the semi-arc-shaped material limiting plate 6 and a limiting slit of the conveying belt 9; when the amount of the cattle feed raw materials is large, the cattle feed raw materials are stacked when falling onto a conveying belt through the feeding hopper 1, when the stacking height exceeds the sensing height of the laser sensor 3, the laser sensor sends a signal to the PLC, the PLC automatically closes the electromagnetic valve 2 at the bottom of the feeding hopper 1, and the cattle feed raw materials are stopped falling; the size of the limiting slit between the semi-arc material limiting plate 6 and the conveyor belt 9 can be adjusted, when different cattle feed raw materials need to be detected, the size of the limiting slit between the semi-arc material limiting plate 6 and the conveyor belt 9 can be changed by adjusting the base 5 sleeved on the fixing rod 4 up and down, so that the feed detection device is suitable for the cattle feed raw materials with different shapes and granularity sizes; after the cattle feed raw materials are divided into single-layer particles, the single-layer particles fall into the conical diversion groove 10 under the action of the conveyor belt 9, the bottom of the conical diversion groove 10 is conical and is communicated, the cattle feed raw materials fall from the bottom of the conical diversion groove 10 into single layers again and then fall into the detection box 12, and then the cattle feed raw materials fall into the receiving hopper 15 through the detection box 12; when the divided single-layer cattle feed raw materials fall into the detection box 12, the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 on the right side of the detection box 12 performs array scanning on the single-layer cattle feed raw material particles falling into the detection box 12, then the array data are sent to the screen receiving plate 11, the screen receiving plate 11 feeds the detection data back to the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 after receiving the array data, then the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 transmits the collected array data to the PLC 14, when the array near infrared spectrum probe 13 detects that the cattle feed raw materials contain raw materials or foreign matters with unqualified quality, the signals are immediately sent to the PLC 14, the PLC 14 sends the signals to the driving motor 17 and the electromagnetic valve 2 after receiving the signals, the driving motor 17 immediately stops working after receiving the signals, and therefore the conveyor belt 9 stops conveying the cattle feed raw materials, after the electromagnetic valve 2 receives the signal, the discharge hole of the discharging hopper 1 is closed, and the discharging of the discharging hopper 1 is prevented from continuing to discharge; then the workman will connect unqualified ox feed stuff of quality or foreign matter letter sorting in the hopper 15 to go out, alright in order to start this detecting system once more through the PLC controller, reduced the time that needs artifical detection letter sorting, improved workman's letter sorting efficiency, saved the labour cost.
Example 2 a safety inspection system for cattle feed material quality according to the present embodiment will be described focusing on differences from example 1.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, including stop bolt 18 and vertical through-hole 19, open at the lateral surface of both sides dead lever 4 has vertical through-hole 19, be equipped with stop bolt 18 in vertical through-hole 19, stop bolt 18 can be better carry on spacingly to base 5, after base 5 slides the adjustment from top to bottom on dead lever 4, screw down stop bolt 18 to the vertical through-hole 19 of base 5 bottom below, alright spacing to the better base 5 that carries on, prevent that base 5 from landing.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, and any modification, equivalent replacement and improvement made within the spirit and principle scope of the present invention should be included within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system is characterized by comprising a blanking hopper, a laser sensor, a baffle, a conical diversion trench, a conveying unit, a layering unit, a detection unit and a control unit, wherein the blanking hopper is arranged above one side of the conveying unit, and the conveying unit conveys cattle feed raw materials clockwise; the baffle plates are fixed on two sides of the conveying unit below the blanking hopper, and the laser sensors are fixed on the inner sides of the baffle plates on two sides of the conveying unit; the layering unit comprises a fixed rod, a base and a material limiting plate, the fixed rod is fixed on the outer sides of the baffles on the two sides of the conveying unit, the base is sleeved on the fixed rod on the two sides in a matching mode, and the material limiting plate is installed at the bottom end of the base; the conical diversion trench is arranged below the output end of the conveying unit, and the bottom of the conical diversion trench is communicated; the detection unit is arranged below the conical diversion trench and comprises an array near infrared spectrum probe, a detection box and a screen receiving plate, the detection box is of a hollow structure and is communicated from top to bottom, the array near infrared spectrum probe is arranged on one side of the detection box, and the screen receiving plate is arranged on the inner side surface of the other side of the detection box; the laser sensor, the transmission unit and the detection unit are electrically connected with the control unit.
2. The system for detecting the quality safety of the cattle feed raw material according to claim 1, wherein the conveying unit comprises a conveying belt, a transmission roller and a driving motor, and the conveying belt is driven by the transmission roller to be driven forwards and forwards in a clockwise manner under the action of the driving motor.
3. The cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system according to claim 1, wherein the width of the material limiting plate is consistent with that of the conveying belt, the material limiting plate is semi-arc-shaped, and the material limiting plate does not exceed the baffle plates on two sides of the conveying unit.
4. The system for detecting the quality safety of the cattle feed raw material as claimed in claim 3, wherein the base is adjustable, the base can be moved on the fixing rod, the size of the limiting slit between the limiting plate and the conveying belt can be adjusted through the base according to different cattle feed raw materials and the shapes and sizes of the cattle feed raw materials, and the feed raw materials form single-layer feed raw material particles under the action of the limiting plate.
5. The cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system according to claim 1, further comprising a receiving hopper, wherein the receiving hopper is arranged below the detection box.
6. The system for detecting the quality safety of the cattle feed raw material according to claim 1, wherein the control unit is a PLC (programmable logic controller).
7. The cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system according to claim 1, wherein an electromagnetic valve is arranged at the bottom of the blanking hopper, and the electromagnetic valve is electrically connected with the PLC.
CN202021661509.8U 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system Active CN212932383U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021661509.8U CN212932383U (en) 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021661509.8U CN212932383U (en) 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212932383U true CN212932383U (en) 2021-04-09

Family

ID=75335637

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021661509.8U Active CN212932383U (en) 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 Cattle feed raw material quality safety detection system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212932383U (en)

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