CN212902061U - Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212902061U
CN212902061U CN202021036947.5U CN202021036947U CN212902061U CN 212902061 U CN212902061 U CN 212902061U CN 202021036947 U CN202021036947 U CN 202021036947U CN 212902061 U CN212902061 U CN 212902061U
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energy
solar photovoltaic
energy conversion
cover plate
collector
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CN202021036947.5U
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杜晋生
杜磊
杜垚
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杜晋生
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector relates to solar photothermal utilization technical field, has solved the water heater and can only provide hot water and be used for bathing, the more single technical problem of function. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector comprises a collector body, wherein the collector body is of a structure with an opening on one side, a cover plate is arranged on the opening, and the cover plate and the collector body enclose to form a closed cavity; the cavity is internally provided with a first energy conversion mechanism and a second energy conversion mechanism, the first energy conversion mechanism and the second energy conversion mechanism at least have two different energy conversion modes, and the at least two different energy conversion modes at least comprise two conversion modes of converting solar energy into heat energy and converting solar energy into electric energy. The utility model is used for a collect two main functions in solar photovoltaic flat plate collector of an organic whole of electricity generation and heat supply.

Description

Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the solar photothermal utilization technique and specifically relates to a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector is related to.
Background
In rural areas, urban peripheries and other areas without central heating, solar heating is mostly adopted to realize summer refrigeration and winter heating, but the solar water heater commonly used at present can only provide hot water for bathing by converting light energy into heat energy, and the function is single.
The applicant has found that the prior art has at least the following technical problems: the existing water heater can only provide hot water for bathing, and has single function.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector to solve the water heater that exists among the prior art and only can provide hot water and be used for bathing, the more single technical problem of function. The utility model provides a plurality of technical effects that preferred technical scheme among a great deal of technical scheme can produce see the explanation below in detail.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector, which comprises a collector body, wherein the collector body is of a structure with an opening at one side, a cover plate is arranged on the opening, and the cover plate and the collector body enclose to form a closed cavity;
the cavity is internally provided with a first energy conversion mechanism and a second energy conversion mechanism, the first energy conversion mechanism and the second energy conversion mechanism at least have two different energy conversion modes, and the at least two different energy conversion modes at least comprise two conversion modes of converting solar energy into heat energy and converting solar energy into electric energy.
Preferably, the first energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into heat energy, the second energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into electric energy, and the cover plate is made of textured glass.
Preferably, the first energy conversion mechanism comprises an inlet and an outlet which are connected with two ends of the heat collector body and used for circulating media to enter and exit, the inlet and the outlet are both connected with collecting pipes, a plurality of harmonica tubes are connected between the collecting pipes in parallel, and the inlet and the outlet are connected through the collecting pipes and the harmonica tubes.
Preferably, the second energy conversion mechanism comprises a crystalline silicon wafer, the crystalline silicon wafer is arranged between the harmonica tube and the cover plate, and the crystalline silicon wafer can absorb light penetrating from the cover plate and convert the light into electric energy for electric equipment to use.
Preferably, the heat collector body comprises a frame and a back plate, the frame, the back plate and the cover plate enclose a cuboid structure,
and the back plate is also provided with heat insulation cotton on one side inside the heat collector body.
Preferably, the one side of the crystalline silicon wafer is attached to the cover plate, the other side of the crystalline silicon wafer is attached to the harmonica tube, and the crystalline silicon wafer, the cover plate and the harmonica tube are connected with the frame.
Preferably, the harmonica tubes are provided with 29.
Preferably, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe are respectively connected to the inlet and the outlet.
Preferably, the collector body is fixed on the ground or the roof through a bracket.
Preferably, the collector body has a single area of 2 square meters.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector contains two kinds of different energy conversion modes at least, combines two kinds of different energy conversion modes, has realized the two-way utilization that solar thermal energy utilization and solar energy electricity utilized, collects two main functions in an organic whole of electricity generation and heat supply, and the heat that produces when the electricity generation can be used for making hot water or hot-blast, satisfies various usage such as heating, bathing, stoving.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a usage state diagram of the present invention.
FIG. 1, the frame; 2. a back plate; 3. a cover plate; 4. a header pipe; 5. a harmonica tube; 6. a silicon wafer; 7. heat preservation cotton; 8. an inlet; 9. and (7) an outlet.
Detailed Description
The contents of the present invention and the differences between the present invention and the prior art can be understood with reference to fig. 1 to 2 and the text. The invention will be described in further detail below (including the preferred embodiments) with reference to the drawings and illustrative examples of some alternative embodiments of the invention. It should be noted that: any technical features and any technical solutions in this embodiment are one or more of various optional technical features or optional technical solutions, and for the sake of brevity, this document cannot exhaust all the alternative technical features and alternative technical solutions of the present invention, and it is not convenient for each embodiment of the technical features to emphasize that it is one of various optional embodiments, so those skilled in the art should know that: can replace any technical means or combine two or more technical means or technical characteristics of the utility model provides an arbitrary or more technical means or technical characteristics mutually and obtain new technical scheme. Any technical features and any technical solutions in the present embodiment do not limit the scope of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention should include any alternative technical solutions that can be conceived by those skilled in the art without creative efforts and new technical solutions that can be obtained by combining any two or more technical means or technical features provided by the present invention with each other by those skilled in the art.
The utility model provides a collect two main functions in solar photovoltaic flat plate collector of an organic whole of electricity generation and heat supply.
The technical solution provided by the present invention is explained in more detail with reference to fig. 1 to 2.
The utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector, which comprises a collector body, wherein the collector body is of a structure with an opening at one side, a cover plate is arranged on the opening, and the cover plate and the collector body enclose to form a closed cavity;
the cavity is internally provided with a first energy conversion mechanism and a second energy conversion mechanism, the first energy conversion mechanism and the second energy conversion mechanism at least have two different energy conversion modes, and the at least two different energy conversion modes at least comprise two conversion modes of converting solar energy into heat energy and converting solar energy into electric energy.
The utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector at least contains two kinds of different energy conversion mechanisms, combines two kinds of different energy conversion modes, realizes the two-way utilization of solar thermal energy utilization and solar energy electricity utilization, integrates two functions of power generation and heat supply, and the heat generated during power generation can be used for making hot water or hot air, thereby satisfying various purposes such as heating, bathing, drying and the like; in addition, through combining two energy conversion modes, the structure is reasonable step by step, the internal space of the solar heat collector is efficiently utilized, and the occupied space of the solar heat collector is greatly reduced.
In an alternative embodiment, the first energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into heat energy, the second energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into electric energy, and the cover plate is made of textured glass.
As an optional implementation manner, the first energy conversion mechanism includes an inlet and an outlet which are connected to two ends of the heat collector body and are used for circulating media to enter and exit, the inlet and the outlet are both connected with collecting pipes, a plurality of harmonica tubes are connected between the collecting pipes in parallel, and the inlet and the outlet are connected through the collecting pipes and the harmonica tubes.
Water in the harmonica tube and the heat collecting tube is heated through the harmonica tube and the heat collecting tube and is conveyed to a water using end.
As an alternative embodiment, the second energy conversion mechanism includes a silicon wafer, which is disposed between the harmonica tube and the cover plate, and which is capable of absorbing light penetrating from the cover plate and converting the light into electric energy for use by an electric device.
The light energy is converted into electric energy through the crystalline silicon chip for electric equipment.
As an optional embodiment, the heat collector body comprises a frame and a back plate, the frame, the back plate and the cover plate are enclosed to form a cuboid structure,
and the back plate is also provided with heat insulation cotton on one side inside the heat collector body.
As optional implementation mode, one side of the crystal silicon wafer is attached to the cover plate, the other side of the crystal silicon wafer is attached to the harmonica tube, and the crystal silicon wafer, the cover plate and the harmonica tube are all connected with the frame.
The crystal silicon wafer is arranged between the cover plate and the harmonica tube, so that the temperature of the crystal silicon wafer can be reduced when the heat collection system operates, the power generation efficiency of the crystal silicon wafer is improved, and the utilization rate of solar energy is enhanced.
As an alternative embodiment, the harmonica tubes are provided with 29.
As an alternative embodiment, a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe are respectively connected to the inlet and the outlet.
As an alternative embodiment, the collector body is fixed on the ground or the roof by a bracket.
As an alternative embodiment, the individual area of the collector body is 2 square meters.
Example 1:
the utility model provides a solar photovoltaic flat plate collector, including frame 1, backplate 2 and apron 3, frame 1 backplate 2 and 3 enclose into cuboid cavity structures of apron be provided with first energy conversion mechanism and second energy conversion mechanism among the cavity structures, first energy conversion mechanism can change light energy into heat energy, second energy conversion mechanism can change light energy into electric energy.
The first energy conversion mechanism comprises an inlet 8 and an outlet 9 which are arranged on the frame 1 and used for circulating media to enter and exit, wherein the inlet 8 and the outlet 9 are both connected with collecting pipes 4, the collecting pipes 4 are connected with 29 harmonica tubes side by side, and the inlet 8 and the outlet 9 are connected with the harmonica tubes 5 through the collecting pipes 4.
The second energy conversion mechanism comprises a crystalline silicon wafer 6, the crystalline silicon wafer 6 is arranged between the harmonica tube 5 and the cover plate 3, one surface of the crystalline silicon wafer 6 is attached to the cover plate 3, the other surface of the crystalline silicon wafer 6 is attached to the harmonica tube 5, and the crystalline silicon wafer 6 can absorb light penetrating from the cover plate 3 and convert the light into electric energy for electric equipment.
The harmonica tube, the crystal silicon wafer, the cover plate and the back plate are all connected with the frame, and an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe are connected outside the inlet 8 and the outlet 9.
The cover plate 3 is made of cloth grain glass, the light transmittance of the cloth grain glass is high, and the photovoltaic power generation efficiency and the heat efficiency of the heat collector are improved. In addition, the back plate 2 is also provided with heat insulation cotton 7 at one side inside the heat collector body.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily think of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and all should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. A solar photovoltaic flat plate collector is characterized by comprising a collector body, wherein the collector body is of a structure with an opening on one side, a cover plate is arranged on the opening, and the cover plate and the collector body enclose a closed cavity;
the cavity is internally provided with a first energy conversion mechanism and a second energy conversion mechanism, the first energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into heat energy, the second energy conversion mechanism can convert light energy into electric energy, and the cover plate is made of textured glass.
2. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector according to claim 1, wherein the first energy conversion mechanism comprises an inlet and an outlet connected to both ends of the collector body for circulating medium to enter and exit, wherein the inlet and the outlet are connected to a header pipe, a plurality of harmonica tubes are connected between the header pipes in parallel, and the inlet and the outlet are connected through the header pipe and the harmonica tubes.
3. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector according to claim 2, wherein the second energy conversion mechanism comprises a crystalline silicon wafer, the crystalline silicon wafer is disposed between the harmonica tube and the cover plate, and the crystalline silicon wafer can absorb light penetrating from the cover plate and convert the light into electric energy for electric equipment.
4. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector according to claim 3, wherein the collector body comprises a frame and a back plate, the frame, the back plate and the cover plate enclose a cuboid structure,
and the back plate is also provided with heat insulation cotton on one side inside the heat collector body.
5. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector according to claim 4, wherein one surface of the crystalline silicon wafer is attached to the cover plate, the other surface of the crystalline silicon wafer is attached to the harmonica tube, and the crystalline silicon wafer, the cover plate and the harmonica tube are all connected to the frame.
6. The solar photovoltaic flat panel collector according to claim 2, wherein said harmonica tubes are provided with 29.
7. The solar photovoltaic flat plate collector according to claim 2, wherein a water inlet pipe and a water outlet pipe are respectively connected to the inlet and the outlet.
8. The solar photovoltaic flat panel collector according to claim 1, wherein the collector body is fixed on the ground or the roof by a bracket.
9. The solar photovoltaic flat panel collector according to claim 1, wherein a single area of said collector body is 2 square meters.
CN202021036947.5U 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector Active CN212902061U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021036947.5U CN212902061U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021036947.5U CN212902061U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212902061U true CN212902061U (en) 2021-04-06

Family

ID=75276135

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021036947.5U Active CN212902061U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Solar photovoltaic flat plate collector

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212902061U (en)

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