CN212772881U - Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula - Google Patents

Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212772881U
CN212772881U CN202021189899.3U CN202021189899U CN212772881U CN 212772881 U CN212772881 U CN 212772881U CN 202021189899 U CN202021189899 U CN 202021189899U CN 212772881 U CN212772881 U CN 212772881U
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wallboard
plate
floor
structural plate
construction
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CN202021189899.3U
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王东方
刘明辉
杨涛
刘小荣
刘冶
祁勇
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Tibet Taoyang New Building Materials Technology Co ltd
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Tibet Taoyang New Building Materials Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a magnesium bamboo board fast assembly type light house structure, which comprises a wallboard, a floor slab, a column arranged at the edge of the wallboard and a beam used for connecting the wallboard and the floor slab into a whole, wherein the wallboard and the floor slab comprise an upper structural plate, a lower structural plate and a ribbed plate connected between the upper structural plate and the lower structural plate, and the upper structural plate, the lower structural plate and the ribbed plate are magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite plates; the beams and the columns are coated by the wall plates and/or the floor slabs to form hidden beam and hidden column structures. Adopt magnesite cement bamboo wood fibre composite sheet to constitute cavity wallboard, cavity floor structure, exempt from to build by laying bricks or stones, the construction is simple, swift, has the advantage of sexual valence relative altitude, green, and dead weight is light, intensity is high, anticorrosive fire prevention ability is good, and it is light high-strength material, reduces earthquake action under the prerequisite that satisfies structure bearing capacity. The beam and the column are coated by the wallboard and the floor slab, the cast-in-place construction is adopted, a template is not required to be built during pouring, the construction is simple, the construction period is shortened, and the integrity is good.

Description

Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building structure field, more specifically the light-duty building structure of quick assembly formula that says so relates to.
Background
The traditional prefabricated building has the defects of an assembled steel structure, an assembled reinforced concrete structure and an assembled wood structure.
The fabricated steel structure is a fabricated structure composed of steel members. The novel fireproof and corrosion-resistant combined node has no on-site cast-in-place node, is higher in installation speed, but is poor in fireproof and corrosion-resistant performance, high in manufacturing cost and high in later maintenance cost, and needs to be maintained regularly.
The prefabricated reinforced concrete structure is a concrete structure formed by assembling and connecting prefabricated components serving as main stressed components. The prefabricated concrete structure is beneficial to green construction, and can meet the requirements of green construction on land conservation, energy conservation, material conservation, water conservation, environmental protection and the like, but the prefabricated components are assembled on the construction site, the longitudinal steel bar connection of the nodes and the joints is mostly connected in a sleeve grouting way, a mechanical connection way, a welding connection way, an indirect anchoring connection way and the like, the integrity is poor, the node connection is complex, and the construction difficulty is high.
The fabricated wood structure is a fabricated structure composed of wood structure load-bearing members. The construction method has outstanding anti-seismic performance, the construction process is finished by woodworker, the construction error is small, the precision is high, the pollution to a construction site is small, but the construction cost is high, and the problems of fire prevention, corrosion prevention and insect prevention are large.
How to construct the fabricated building with good stress performance, reasonable construction measures and simple and convenient construction and installation is always an ideal target for the development of the fabricated building.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve above-mentioned technical problem and provide a light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes:
a fast-assembling light house structure comprises wall boards, floor boards, columns arranged at the edges of the wall boards and beams used for connecting the wall boards and the floor boards into a whole,
the wall plate and the floor plate comprise an upper structural plate, a lower structural plate and a ribbed plate connected between the upper structural plate and the lower structural plate, and the upper structural plate, the lower structural plate and the ribbed plate are made of magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite plates;
the beams and the columns are coated by the wall plates and/or the floor slabs to form hidden beam and hidden column structures.
The magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite board is composed of magnesite cement and bamboo, the storage capacity and the grade of magnesite in China are at the top of the world, the comprehensive benefit of the magnesite cement is high, and the manufacturing cost is low; the bamboo wood in China has wide production range and has higher price advantage compared with wood. Wallboard, floor are the integral hoist and mount construction of big board, adopt magnesite cement bamboo wood fiber composite sheet to constitute cavity wallboard, cavity floor structure, exempt from to cut the brick, and the construction is simple, swift, has the advantage of sexual valence relative altitude, green, and dead weight is light, intensity is high, anticorrosive fire behavior is good, and it is light high-strength material, reduces the earthquake action under the prerequisite that satisfies the structure bearing capacity. The beam and the column are of a hidden beam structure and a hidden column structure, construction is performed in a cast-in-place mode, integrity is good, and earthquake resistance ductility and collapse resistance are improved; the hidden beams and the hidden columns are coated by the wall plate and the floor slab, and a template is not required to be built during pouring, so that the construction is simple, and the construction period is shortened.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, following advantage and beneficial effect have:
1. the utility model discloses a magnesite cement bamboo wood fiber composite sheet constitutes cavity wallboard, cavity floor structure, exempts from to build bricks, and the construction is simple, and is swift, has sexual valence relative altitude, green's advantage, and dead weight is light, intensity is high, anticorrosive fire behavior is good, and it is light high-strength material, reduces earthquake action under the prerequisite that satisfies the structure bearing capacity.
2. The utility model discloses a roof beam, post are by wallboard, floor cladding, adopt cast-in-place mode construction, need not build the template when pouring, and the construction is simple, shortens construction cycle, and the wholeness is good.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention.
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic diagram of the assembled light house of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure schematic diagram of the wall plate and the floor slab of the utility model.
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of one embodiment of a wall panel.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view in another direction in fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the wall panels connected in a straight line.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a structure in which wall panels are connected in an L-shape.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a T-shaped connection structure between wall panels.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of a cross connection structure between wall panels.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a connection structure between a floor slab and a wall panel.
Fig. 10 is a view a-a of fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of another connection structure between a floor slab and a wall slab.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the following examples and drawings, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof of the present invention are only used for explaining the present invention, and are not intended as limitations of the present invention.
Example 1
A quick-assembling light house structure as shown in fig. 1 and 2 comprises wall panels 1, floor slabs 4, columns 2 arranged at the edges of the wall panels 1, and beams for connecting the wall panels and the floor slabs into a whole.
The wall plate and the floor slab comprise an upper structural plate 31, a lower structural plate 32 and a ribbed plate 33 connected between the upper structural plate 31 and the lower structural plate 32, the number of the ribbed plates is multiple, and a cavity structure is formed between the upper structural plate 31, the lower structural plate 32 and two adjacent ribbed plates. The upper structural plate 31, the lower structural plate 32 and the ribbed plates 33 are made of magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite plates. The cavity wallboard made of the magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite board is light in weight, 1/4 of the same thickness concrete wall weight, good in horizontal force resistance, capable of forming a shear wall structure with hidden columns on two sides of the wall body and excellent in lateral resistance. The cavity floor slab made of magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite board has the weight of 1/3 of common concrete.
The beams and the columns are coated by the wall plates and/or the floor slabs to form hidden beam and hidden column structures.
Example 2
Based on the principle and structure of the above embodiments, the present embodiment discloses a structure of a wall panel in order to enhance the supporting function of the wall panel. Because the columns are coated and poured on the two adjacent wallboards, the hidden beams are coated and poured on the wallboards and the floor slabs, the wallboards and the floor slabs can adopt the structures shown in figure 2, and the rib plates simultaneously comprise vertical rib plates and transverse rib plates. Two adjacent syntropy floor and the structural slab of both sides form the cavity, and cavity quantity is decided according to floor quantity, and the wallboard plays the supporting role, and when the vertical bearing capacity of wallboard does not satisfy the bearing capacity requirement, as shown in fig. 3, 4, can pour reinforcing hidden pillar 34 in the cavity in order to improve wallboard bearing capacity. The number of cavity pouring is determined according to the specific bearing capacity requirement of the wall panel, and can be one, two, three or more, for example, two are adopted in fig. 3; of course, the reinforcement dark column 34 may not be poured at the position where the bearing capacity is less required, as shown in fig. 2. The position, the direction and the number of the rib plates are adjusted and determined according to specific installation positions, and a large plate integral pouring structure is adopted, so that hoisting construction is facilitated.
Example 3
Based on the principle and structure of the above embodiment, referring to fig. 5-8, the present embodiment discloses a connection structure of adjacent wall boards, that is, an opening 11 is provided on the connection end surface of two adjacent wall boards 1, and the opening 11 can be provided on the rib plate 33 of the edge, as shown in fig. 5, a straight connection is adopted; or may be provided on the upper structural panel 31 or/and the lower structural panel 32 as shown in fig. 6, 7 and 8 using L, T, a cross-type connection. The columns are poured in the cavities corresponding to the opening positions of the wall boards.
When the opening is arranged, the structure shown in the figures 5-8 can be adopted, the width of the opening is smaller than that of the corresponding side of the cavity at the connecting position, taking the figure 5 as an example, the width of the opening is smaller than that of the rib plate at the edge of the cavity, and when the column is poured, the rib plate is embedded into the column body, so that the integrity and the seismic ductility of the wall body and the column are enhanced.
Correspondingly, by adopting the connecting structure of the adjacent wall boards, the length of the embedded column formed by the connection of the adjacent wall boards between the same layers is controlled to be 200-600mm, namely the distance between the rib plates at the edges of the cavities of the two adjacent wall boards. The hidden column adopts a cast-in-place structure, and a longitudinal rib 61 and a stirrup 62 are arranged in the hidden column. The stirrup passes through the opening 11 and is arranged in the cavity of the two wallboards, and the stirrup is effectively connected with the two different wall bodies, so that the hidden column concrete can be effectively prevented from sliding on the inner interface of the cavity wallboard, and the hidden column is prevented from being separated from the cavity wall body under the action of earthquake load or wind load, so that the wall body is damaged at the joint, the strong node and weak component is realized, and the concept of earthquake resistance is consistent.
The column is a hidden column and is formed by cladding and pouring the wall plate, a mould is not required, and the construction efficiency is improved.
Example 4
The cavity floor slab made of the magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite board has the weight of only 1/3 of common concrete; the floor slab has high bearing capacity and good integrity; and a large plate integral pouring structure is adopted, so that the hoisting construction is facilitated. Based on the principle and structure of the embodiment, referring to 9, 10 and 11, when adjacent floor slabs are connected, in order to enhance the connection performance of the floor slabs, reinforcing ribs are arranged in the beam, the reinforcing ribs can adopt structures such as tie bars 52 and cage bars 51, and two ends of the tie bars are respectively arranged in the connecting end cavities of the floor slabs; cage bars 51 are placed between the floor slabs and above the wall slabs.
Correspondingly, the floor slabs and the wall slabs are adopted to form the hidden beam shown in fig. 10 and 11, the height of the hidden beam is controlled to be 300-500mm, and similarly, the length of the tie bars 52 anchored into the floor slabs on the two sides is not less than 100 mm.
And pouring the integrated floor slab and the wallboard according to specific conditions and positions. During site operation, after the floor slab and the wall slab are installed in place, the connecting tie bars are laid, and the beams, the columns and the reinforcing embedded columns are poured simultaneously, so that the integrity is good, the seismic performance of the structure is improved, and particularly the collapse resistance of the structure under rare earthquakes is improved.
According to the fabricated light house structure, a horizontal force is borne by a shear wall formed by wall embedded columns, and the floor slab, the embedded beam coordinate the wall body and the embedded columns to bear the force together; the concrete embedded columns are arranged at the corners and the junctions of the longitudinal and transverse walls, the cast-in-place concrete ring beams are arranged at the top of the wall body, the wall boards and the floor slabs are connected into a whole, and the system has good integrity and anti-seismic performance. The cavity floor slab and the cavity wall slab have light dead weight and high strength, are both light high-strength materials, and reduce the earthquake action on the premise of meeting the structural bearing capacity; the hidden columns and the hidden beams have high bearing capacity and good ductility, and the deformation capacity of the structure under the action of horizontal load is ensured. By adopting the fabricated light house structure, the columns and the beams are cast-in-place construction, the integrity is good, the structure is light and high in strength, the earthquake action is small, and the earthquake resistance is good; the structure has good earthquake-resistant ductility and high collapse resistance. The reinforcing ribs 51 are produced into cages in an industrial mode, are in local lap joint on site, are concise in connection and are easy to guarantee quality; the corrosion resistance is strong, and the coating is suitable for various severe environments. The cast-in-place concrete consumption is less, and the assembly degree is high; the sea sand concrete can be adopted, the waste is utilized, and the method is green and environment-friendly and has wide application range. The concrete pouring is free of a template, the construction is simple, the construction period is short, and the fund withdrawal is fast. The reinforcing rib can be made of reinforcing steel bars or other materials such as basalt fiber composite ribs.
The above-mentioned embodiments, further detailed description of the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, it should be understood that the above description is only the embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a light-duty building structure of quick assembly formula, includes wallboard, floor, arranges the post at wallboard border in and is used for linking wallboard, floor beam as an organic whole, its characterized in that:
the wall plate and the floor plate comprise an upper structural plate, a lower structural plate and a ribbed plate connected between the upper structural plate and the lower structural plate, and the upper structural plate, the lower structural plate and the ribbed plate are made of magnesite cement bamboo-wood fiber composite plates;
the beams and the columns are coated by the wall plates and/or the floor slabs to form hidden beam and hidden column structures.
2. The quick-install, lightweight building structure of claim 1, wherein reinforcing studs are cast into the cavity between adjacent ribs of said wall panels.
3. The light-weight building structure of claim 1, wherein the connecting end faces of two adjacent wall panels are provided with openings, and the columns are cast in the cavities corresponding to the openings of the wall panels.
4. A quick-fit, lightweight building structure according to claim 3, wherein said opening has a width less than the width of the side of the cavity.
5. A quick-fit lightweight building structure as claimed in claim 3 wherein said columns comprise longitudinal ribs, stirrups and poured layers, said stirrups being placed through the openings in the cavities of two adjacent wall panels.
6. The quick assemble lightweight building structure of claim 1, wherein the connecting end surfaces of two adjacent floor slabs are provided with openings, and the beams are provided with reinforcing ribs.
7. The quick assemble lightweight building structure of claim 6 wherein the reinforcement comprises a tie placed on the floor slab for a length of no less than 100 mm.
CN202021189899.3U 2020-06-24 2020-06-24 Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula Active CN212772881U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021189899.3U CN212772881U (en) 2020-06-24 2020-06-24 Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021189899.3U CN212772881U (en) 2020-06-24 2020-06-24 Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212772881U true CN212772881U (en) 2021-03-23

Family

ID=75073735

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021189899.3U Active CN212772881U (en) 2020-06-24 2020-06-24 Light-duty building structure of rapid Assembly formula

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212772881U (en)

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