CN212768196U - Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment - Google Patents

Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212768196U
CN212768196U CN202022122843.2U CN202022122843U CN212768196U CN 212768196 U CN212768196 U CN 212768196U CN 202022122843 U CN202022122843 U CN 202022122843U CN 212768196 U CN212768196 U CN 212768196U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stack
pack
conveyor
tray
buttress
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Active
Application number
CN202022122843.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘志竞
文志州
程华山
刘纯香
陈玉华
胡亚伟
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Foshan Haitian Flavoring and Food Co Ltd
Foshan Haitian Gaoming Flavoring and Food Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Foshan Haitian Flavoring and Food Co Ltd
Foshan Haitian Gaoming Flavoring and Food Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201922251098 priority Critical
Priority to CN2019222510989 priority
Application filed by Foshan Haitian Flavoring and Food Co Ltd, Foshan Haitian Gaoming Flavoring and Food Co Ltd filed Critical Foshan Haitian Flavoring and Food Co Ltd
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Publication of CN212768196U publication Critical patent/CN212768196U/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B69/00Unpacking of articles or materials, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G41/00Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames
    • B65G41/001Supporting frames or bases for conveyors as a whole, e.g. transportable conveyor frames with the conveyor adjustably mounted on the supporting frame or base
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • B65G47/248Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them
    • B65G47/252Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles by turning over or inverting them about an axis substantially perpendicular to the conveying direction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/26Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors arranging the articles, e.g. varying spacing between individual articles
    • B65G47/261Accumulating articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/30Stacking of articles by adding to the bottom of the stack
    • B65G57/301Stacking of articles by adding to the bottom of the stack by means of reciprocatory or oscillatory lifting and holding or gripping devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/04Loading land vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/0258Trays, totes or bins
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2207/00Indexing codes relating to constructional details, configuration and additional features of a handling device, e.g. Conveyors
    • B65G2207/28Impact protection

Abstract

The utility model provides a packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment. Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device to include: the overturning mechanism comprises an overturning frame, the overturning frame is arranged to overturn around a horizontal shaft so as to switch between a first working position and a second working position, the overturning frame comprises a first box stack bearing part and a second box stack bearing part forming an included angle with the first box stack bearing part, the first box stack bearing part is horizontal at the first working position, the second box stack bearing part is positioned above the first box stack bearing part, the second box stack bearing part is horizontal at the second working position, and the first box stack bearing part is positioned above the second box stack bearing part; a first stack conveyor arranged to receive a stack of packages from the first stack-carrying part and to convey the stack of packages to the first stack-carrying part at a first work station; and a second group of stacks conveyor arranged to receive the stack of packages from the second stack-carrying part at the second work station and to convey the stack of packages to the second stack-carrying part.

Description

Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of packing, in particular to packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment.
Background
In the related art known by the inventor, the suction cups are used for stacking the stacks in a single box or after the stacks are unstacked in a whole layer, and a rolling door is also used for placing the stacks in a whole layer. The packaging box stacking mode has low adaptability, if the roller shutter door mode needs to firstly stack the whole stack into a single layer and then push the single layer into the roller shutter, if the sucker single box or the whole layer stack is stacked, the problems of stability and adaptability exist.
In the related art known by the inventor, when the goods are separated from the tray, the whole stack is rotated by 180 degrees after the goods are forked by a forklift, and the packaging box is positioned below the tray and the tray is positioned above the tray, so that the tray can be directly extracted. Each pile of goods needs to be rotated by 180 degrees, the action time is long, and partial products are not suitable for being inverted by 180 degrees. In the process of rotating the goods to the tray, the situation that the packing box stacks are loose exists, and the stability is not high.
In the related art known by the inventor, the automatic loading equipment is mostly suitable for loading bagged materials and is not suitable for loading boxed materials. Part of the schemes suitable for loading the boxed materials mostly adopt a mode of carrying a tray, or adopt a robot single-box or multi-row loading mode, the efficiency is low, and the occupied space of the tray is large.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment.
The first aspect of the disclosure provides a packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, includes:
the overturning mechanism comprises an overturning frame, the overturning frame is arranged to be capable of overturning around a horizontal shaft so as to switch between a first working position and a second working position, the overturning frame comprises a first box stack bearing part and a second box stack bearing part forming an included angle with the first box stack bearing part, the first box stack bearing part is horizontal at the first working position, the second box stack bearing part is positioned above the first box stack bearing part, the second box stack bearing part is horizontal at the second working position, and the first box stack bearing part is positioned above the second box stack bearing part;
a first stack conveyor arranged to receive a stack of packages from said first stack-carrying part at said first work station and to convey the stack of packages onto said first stack-carrying part; and
a second group of stacks conveyor configured to receive a stack of packages from said second stack-carrying part at said second work station and to convey a stack of packages onto said second stack-carrying part.
In some embodiments, the tipping mechanism further comprises a tipping drive mechanism in driving connection with the roll-over stand to drive the roll-over stand to tip over.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the,
the first box stack bearing part comprises a plurality of first bearing beams which are arranged in parallel at intervals and vertical to the horizontal shaft, the first group of stack conveyors comprises a plurality of first conveying parts which are arranged in parallel at intervals and vertical to the horizontal shaft, and in the first working position, the plurality of first bearing beams and the plurality of first conveying parts are arranged in a staggered mode; and/or the presence of a gas in the gas,
the second case buttress load-bearing part includes the perpendicular to that the interval that is parallel to each other set up many second carrier beams of horizontal axis, the second group buttress conveyer includes that the interval that is parallel to each other sets up and perpendicular to a plurality of second conveying part of horizontal axis the second work position, many second carrier beams with a plurality of second conveying part staggered arrangement.
In some embodiments, the method further comprises receiving and buffering packages from the second group of stack conveyors and conveying at least part of the layers of packages from the stacks thereon to the second group of stack conveyors.
In some embodiments, the pack stack buffer means comprises:
a third set of stack conveyors configured to receive stacks of packages and buffer stacks of packages from said second set of stack conveyors; and
a pushing device configured to push at least part of the layers of packages of the pack on the third set of stack conveyors to the second set of stack conveyors.
In some embodiments, the pushing device comprises:
the pushing piece is arranged above the third group of stack conveyors in the transverse direction of the third group of stack conveyors;
and the pushing part driving mechanism is in driving connection with the pushing part to drive the pushing part to reciprocate along the conveying direction of the third group of stack conveyor.
In some embodiments, the apparatus further comprises a tipping buffer mechanism configured to buffer the roll-over stand when the roll-over stand switches between the first working position and the second working position.
In some embodiments, the first pack-carrying part is at right angles to the second pack-carrying part, and the turning frame is arranged to be able to turn 90 degrees around the horizontal axis for switching between the first and second work positions.
A second aspect of the present disclosure provides a cargo pallet separation processing apparatus including:
a packing box stack separating and stacking device which is configured to receive the packing box stacks with the trays and recombine the packing box stacks without the trays to output the packing box stacks; and
a tray collecting device configured to remove the erected trays on the pack stacking and grouping device from the second pack bearing part and horizontally stack the trays into a tray stack.
In some embodiments, the pack stacking apparatus is a pack stacking apparatus according to the first aspect of the present disclosure.
In some embodiments, the tray collection device comprises:
a tray transfer mechanism configured to move a tray erected in a pack stack on the pack stack grouping device out of the pack stack grouping device;
a single erect tray conveyor configured to receive and convey the erect tray removed by the tray transfer mechanism;
a tray overturning mechanism configured to overturn a vertical tray into a horizontal tray; and
a tray stacking mechanism configured to stack a plurality of horizontal trays into a tray stack.
A third aspect of the present disclosure provides an automatic loading apparatus, including:
the device comprises a packaging box stack separating and stacking device or a cargo tray separating and processing device, wherein the packaging box stack separating and stacking device is configured to receive a packaging box stack, recombine the packaging box stack and output the packaging box stack, and the cargo tray separating and processing device is configured to receive the packaging box stack, recombine the packaging box stack and output the packaging box stack and horizontally stack trays of the packaging box stack into a tray stack;
a package stack extracting device arranged upstream of the package stack grouping device and configured to convey a package stack to the package stack grouping device; and
and the packing box stack loading device is arranged at the downstream of the packing box stack grouping device and is configured to receive and convey the packing box stacks of the packing box stack grouping device into a packing box.
In some embodiments, the pack stacking and grouping device is the pack stacking and grouping device according to the first aspect of the present disclosure, or the cargo pallet separation and treatment apparatus is the cargo pallet separation and treatment apparatus according to the second aspect of the present disclosure.
In some embodiments, the pack stack extraction device comprises:
a pack stack receiving conveyor configured to receive a pack stack from outside the automatic loading apparatus;
a de-stacking conveyor, disposed downstream of said pack stack receiving conveyor, configured to receive a pack stack from said pack stack receiving conveyor and to selectively rotate the pack stack thereon about a vertical axis through 180 degrees and to output the pack stack; and
a pack output conveyor configured to receive the pack from the destacking conveyor and output downstream.
In some embodiments, the pack stack loading apparatus comprises:
the packaging box stack loading and receiving conveyor is arranged at the downstream of the packaging box stack separating and stacking device and is configured to receive and convey the packaging box stacks of the packaging box stack separating and stacking device to the downstream;
a multi-stack carton pile conveyor arranged at the downstream of the receiving and conveying of the carton pile trucks and configured to receive and convey the carton piles on the carton pile receiving conveyor to the downstream;
a carton pile loading conveyor disposed downstream of the multi-pile carton pile conveyor and configured to receive a carton pile on the multi-pile carton pile conveyor and convey the carton pile into a carton.
In some embodiments, the multi-pack conveyor comprises:
the buffer conveyor is arranged at the downstream of the packaging box stack loading and receiving conveyor and is configured to receive the packaging box stack of the packaging box stack loading and receiving conveyor and convey the packaging box stack to the downstream; and
a palletizing conveyor disposed downstream of the buffer conveyor and configured to receive a stack of packages on the buffer conveyor and convey the stack of packages to the carton loading conveyor.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the,
the receiving conveyor lifting device is in driving connection with the receiving conveyor conveying device so as to lift the receiving conveyor conveying device; and/or
The packing box stack loading conveyor comprises a loading conveyor conveying device and a loading conveyor lifting device, wherein the loading conveyor lifting device is in driving connection with the loading conveyor conveying device so that the loading conveyor conveying device can lift.
In some embodiments, the automatic loading equipment further comprises a package stack transfer device configured to receive the package stack conveyed by the package stack extraction device and convey the package stack to the package stack grouping device, and receive the package stack of the package stack grouping device and convey the package stack to the package stack loading device.
In some embodiments, the pack stack transfer apparatus comprises a handling mechanism comprising a mobile handling trolley.
In some embodiments, the handling mechanism includes a trolley travel rail along which the mobile handling trolley travels.
In some embodiments, the handling mechanism comprises two of the mobile handling carts cooperating with the cart travel track.
In some embodiments, the pack stack transfer apparatus comprises two of said handling mechanisms arranged side by side, said mobile handling carriages on said two handling mechanisms being configured to be able to transfer pack stacks to each other.
Based on this packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device that provides realizes that the packing carton buttress falls the buttress, founds the buttress, divides the buttress, group buttress through the mode of tipping 90 degrees, and stability is high. The action beat of tipping the whole packaging box stack is fast, and the efficiency is high.
The cargo pallet separation treatment equipment of this embodiment can realize that the tray is vertical to be carried and collect, does benefit to and saves overall arrangement space. The stability of the tray removing process can be improved, the application range of the tray removing process is expanded, and the tray removing device is particularly suitable for products which are not suitable for 180-degree handstand.
The automatic loading equipment of this embodiment can realize the automatic no tray loading of packing carton buttress.
Other features of the present disclosure and advantages thereof will become apparent from the following detailed description of exemplary embodiments thereof, which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the disclosure and together with the description serve to explain the disclosure and not to limit the disclosure. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram according to an embodiment of the disclosure.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a part of the structure of the tipping mechanism of the packaging box stack grouping device in the embodiment shown in fig. 1 in the first working position.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a part of the structure of the tilting mechanism of the apparatus for grouping stacks of packages in accordance with the embodiment shown in fig. 1, when the tilting mechanism is switched from the first working position to the second working position, wherein the continuous line of the tilting frame represents the first working position and the dashed line of the tilting frame represents an intermediate position when the tilting mechanism is switched from the first working position to the second working position.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a part of the tipping mechanism of the apparatus for palletizing and stacking packs of packages according to the embodiment of fig. 1 in the second working position.
Figure 5 is a schematic view of the embodiment of the device for palletizing a stack of packages to be packed according to figure 1 before and after tipping.
Figure 6 is a schematic view of the situation before and after tipping of a stack of packs in the embodiment of the device for grouping and stacking packs shown in figure 1.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the roll stand and the first group of stacks conveyor of the packing box stack grouping device according to the embodiment of the disclosure.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a cargo pallet separation processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 9 is a partial structural schematic view of a cargo pallet separation processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 10 is a partial structural schematic view of a cargo pallet separation processing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic loading device according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present disclosure will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present disclosure, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present disclosure, and not all of the embodiments. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the disclosure, its application, or uses. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments disclosed herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present disclosure.
The relative arrangement of the components and steps, the numerical expressions, and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present disclosure unless specifically stated otherwise. Meanwhile, it should be understood that the sizes of the respective portions shown in the drawings are not drawn in an actual proportional relationship for the convenience of description. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate. In all examples shown and discussed herein, any particular value should be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting. Thus, other examples of the exemplary embodiments may have different values. It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, further discussion thereof is not required in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present disclosure, it should be understood that the terms "first", "second", etc. are used to define the components, and are used only for convenience of distinguishing the corresponding components, and if not otherwise stated, the terms have no special meaning, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present disclosure.
In the description of the present disclosure, it is to be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the directional terms such as "front, rear, upper, lower, left, right", "lateral, vertical, horizontal" and "top, bottom", etc., are generally based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are presented only for the convenience of describing and simplifying the disclosure, and in the absence of a contrary indication, these directional terms are not intended to indicate and imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation or be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be taken as limiting the scope of the disclosure; the terms "inner and outer" refer to the inner and outer relative to the profile of the respective component itself.
In the present disclosure, the terms "upstream" and "downstream" are "upstream" and "downstream" in the direction of flow of the pack G or tray T.
As shown in fig. 1 to 7, the disclosed embodiment provides a packing box stack grouping device 300. The pack grouping and stacking apparatus 300 basically includes a tipping mechanism 310, a first group stack conveyor 320 and a second group stack conveyor 330.
The tipping mechanism 310 includes a roll-over stand 311. The tilting mechanism 310 includes a tilting frame 311, and the tilting frame 311 is configured to be capable of being tilted about a horizontal axis to be switched between a first working position and a second working position. The roll-over stand 311 includes a first stack-carrying part 3111 and a second stack-carrying part 3112 which is at an angle to the first stack-carrying part 3111. In the first working position, the first stack holder 3111 is horizontal and the second stack holder 3112 is above the first stack holder 3111; in the second working position, the second stack carrier 3112 is horizontal and the first stack carrier 3111 is above the second stack carrier 3112. During the switching between the first and second work positions, the pack G on the roll-over stand 311 is transferred from one of the first pack-receiving portion 3111 and the second pack-receiving portion 3112 to the other by the roll-over stand 311 turning over.
The first group conveyor 320 is arranged to receive a pack G from the first pack carrier 3111 and to convey the pack G to the first pack carrier 3111 in the first work position.
The second group stack conveyor 330 is configured to receive a stack G of packages from the second stack carrier 3112 at the second work station and to convey the stack G of packages onto the second stack carrier 3112.
The packaging box stack separating and stacking device 300 disclosed by the embodiment of the disclosure realizes the purposes of stacking, erecting, separating and stacking packaging box stacks through a mode of tipping 90 degrees, and is high in stability. The action beat of tipping the whole packaging box stack is fast, and the efficiency is high.
In the pack stacking apparatus 300 according to some embodiments of the present disclosure, the first pack support 3111 is at a right angle to the second pack support 3112, and the turning frame 311 is configured to be capable of turning 90 degrees around a horizontal axis to switch between the first working position and the second working position.
In the pack stacking apparatus 300 according to some embodiments, the tipping mechanism 310 further includes a turning driving mechanism 312, and the turning driving mechanism 312 is drivingly connected to the turning frame 311 to drive the turning frame 311 to turn. The overturning driving mechanism 312 is configured, the overturning frame 311 can be driven to overturn through the overturning driving mechanism 312, and the automation degree of the packaging box stack grouping device 300 and the stacking capacity of the packaging box stack grouping device 300 are favorably realized.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1 to 7, the flipping drive mechanism 312 includes a driving part and a transmission part, and the driving part is connected with the flipping frame 311 through a transmission gear. The drive unit may be, for example, an electric motor or a drive cylinder. The transmission portion includes, for example, a transmission gear.
As shown in fig. 7, in some embodiments of the apparatus 300 for grouping and stacking packs, the first pack carrier 3111 comprises a plurality of first carrier beams arranged parallel to each other and spaced apart perpendicular to the horizontal axis. The first-group pile conveyor 320 includes a plurality of first conveying portions 321 arranged in parallel with each other at a spacing and perpendicular to the horizontal axis. In the first working position, the plurality of first carrier beams and the plurality of first conveying portions 321 are arranged in a staggered manner.
Referring to the arrangement of the first stack carrier 3111 and the first stack conveyor 320, in some embodiments of the apparatus 300 for palletizing packages, the second stack carrier 3112 comprises a plurality of second carrier beams arranged parallel to each other and spaced apart perpendicular to the horizontal axis. The second group pile conveyor 330 includes a plurality of second conveying portions 331 arranged in parallel with each other at a spacing and perpendicular to the horizontal axis. In the second working position, the plurality of second carrier beams and the plurality of second conveying portions 331 are staggered.
The above arrangement of the first box stack bearing part 3111 and the first group of stack conveyors 320 and the arrangement of the second box stack bearing part 3112 and the second group of stack conveyors 330 are beneficial to reducing the occupied space of the packaging box stack grouping device 300, so that the packaging box stack grouping device 300 has a compact structure.
In some embodiments, the first bank conveyor 320 may comprise, for example, a first drag chain conveyor. The first chain conveyor includes a plurality of first chain conveying portions 321 as first conveying portions 321 arranged in parallel and at intervals, and first chain driving mechanisms 322, each of the first chain conveying portions being driven by the first chain driving mechanism 322.
In some embodiments, the second group stack conveyor 330 may comprise, for example, a second drag chain conveyor. The second scraper chain conveyor includes a plurality of second scraper chain conveying parts as second conveying parts 331 arranged in parallel and at intervals, and second scraper chain drive mechanisms 332, each of which is driven by the second scraper chain drive mechanism 322.
As shown in fig. 1, 5 and 6, in some embodiments the pack stacking apparatus 300 further comprises a pack stack buffering means. The pack buffering means are arranged to receive and buffer packs G from the second group of pack conveyors 330 and to transfer at least part of the layers of packs G thereon to the second group of pack conveyors 330.
As shown in fig. 1, in some embodiments of the pack stacking apparatus 300, the pack buffering means comprises a third group of stack conveyors 340 and pushing means 350. The third group of stacks conveyor 340 is configured to receive stacks G of packages and buffer stacks G of packages from the second group of stacks conveyor 330. The pusher device 350 is configured to push at least part of the layers of packages of the stack G on the third group of stack conveyors 340 to the second group of stack conveyors 330.
As shown in fig. 1, in some embodiments of the pack stacking apparatus 300, the pushing device 350 comprises a pushing member 351 and a pushing member driving mechanism 352. The pushing member 351 is disposed above the third group pile conveyor 340 in the lateral direction of the third group pile conveyor 340. The pusher driving mechanism 352 is drivingly connected to the pusher 351 to drive the pusher 351 to reciprocate in the conveying direction of the third group stack conveyor 340.
The single-layer or multi-layer packaging boxes can be flexibly combined by the aid of the pushing devices to participate in stacking; the device is suitable for various types of stacks and has high stability.
In some embodiments, third set of stack conveyors 340 may comprise roller conveyors. The roller conveyor includes a plurality of rollers 341 arranged side by side and a driving mechanism 342 for driving the rollers to rotate.
In some embodiments, pusher 351 may include a push rod and or plate, etc. The pusher drive mechanism may comprise a drive, such as a motor, a drive cylinder, etc., and a transmission, such as a toothed rack, a lead screw nut, a linkage, etc.
The pushing mechanism 350 may also include a guide 353. The guiding device 353 may comprise a guide rail extending in the conveying direction of the third group pile conveyor 340 and a moving member cooperating with the guide rail, the moving member may be fixedly connected with the pushing member and move along the guide rail. The moving part is, for example, a roller or a slider.
In some embodiments of the apparatus 300 for grouping stacks of packages, the apparatus 300 further comprises a tipping buffer mechanism 360, the tipping buffer mechanism 360 being configured to buffer the roll-over stand 311 when the roll-over stand 311 is switched between the first working position and the second working position.
The tilt damping mechanism 360 may be configured in a number of different ways, for example, the tilt damping mechanism 360 may include any one or more of a damping spring, a cushion pad, a pneumatic or oil cylinder, and the like that may perform a damping function. When the roll-over stand 311 moves to the first working position or the second working position, the roll-over buffer mechanism 360 gradually slows down the rotation speed of the roll-over stand 311, so that the roll-over stand 311 is stably switched to the corresponding working position. This setting does benefit to and prevents the mutual striking between each part of packing carton buttress group buttress device 300 to do benefit to and reduce equipment noise, do benefit to and prevent that the article in the packing carton buttress G from taking place to destroy, also do benefit to and improve the life of packing carton buttress group buttress device 300.
The pack stacking and grouping device 300 of the present embodiment further includes a stacking device frame 370, and the tipping machine 310, the first stack conveyor 320, the second stack conveyor 330, the third stack conveyor 340 and the pushing mechanism 350 are all disposed on the stacking device frame 370. The stacking device frame 370 may be integral or separate as desired.
The process of stacking the packs by the pack stacking apparatus 300 according to the embodiment of the present disclosure will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 7.
As shown in fig. 1, the pack stacking apparatus 300 includes a tipper 310, a first pack conveyor 320, a second pack conveyor 330, a third pack conveyor 340, a pushing mechanism 350, a tipping buffer mechanism 360, and a pack stacking apparatus frame 370.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the stacking process of the packaging box stack stacking and stacking device 300 can comprise four steps of turning over the stock of the whole stack, turning over the single stack, pushing the stack combination and turning over and erecting the combined stack.
And turning over the whole stack for preparing materials. The first entire stack of boxes G is transported to the first group of stack conveyors 320 by an external docking device (e.g. the box stack picking device 100 described later), and after the first entire stack of boxes G is transported to be attached to the second stack support 3112, the entire stack of boxes G is turned over by 90 degrees by the tilting mechanism 310, and the entire stack of boxes G falls down on the second group of stack conveyors 330 under the support of the second stack support 3112. The first stack of cartons G is transported by the second group of stack conveyors 330 to the third group of stack conveyors 340 for preparation and waiting for further stacking.
The single stack is tipped over. The second stack of packages G is turned over onto the second group conveyor 330 in the same course of action as the first stack of packages G and waits for the separated packages G to be stacked.
Pushing and stacking combination. After the first whole-stack packaging box stack G and the second whole-stack packaging box stack G are prepared, the pushing driving mechanism pushes the first whole-stack packaging box stack G to be close to the second whole-stack packaging box stack G, and the distance needing to be moved is determined according to the number of layers of the required stack. After the required displacement distance has been reached, the stacking process is completed, and the containers on the second stack carrier 3112 are ready to form the reassembled stack G.
The combined stack is turned over and erected. The containers in the second stack carrier 3112 from the first stack G are pushed by the second group conveyor 330 in the direction close to the first stack carrier 3111, and finally abut against the second stack G, thereby completing the stacking process with the second stack G. The reassembled stack G of packages is turned upright by the tipping mechanism 310 and may then be discharged by the first stack conveyor 310.
The packing carton buttress of this disclosed embodiment divides buttress process of making up a buttress device 300 can refer to the buttress process of making up a buttress, only need not the whole buttress of packing carton buttress G of second and participate in, and it is no longer repeated here.
The packing box stack grouping device 300 of the embodiment can adapt to packing box stack types with various dimensions, and can flexibly select different layers for grouping stacks and grouping stacks. The whole process has reliable geometric support and flange protection, and the stability is high.
As shown in fig. 8 to 10, the disclosed embodiment also provides a cargo pallet separation processing apparatus. The cargo pallet separating and processing equipment comprises a packing box stack separating and stacking device 300 and a pallet collecting device 400.
The pack stacking apparatus may be, for example, the pack stacking apparatus 300 of the previous embodiment. The structure and function of the pack stacking and grouping apparatus 300 are described with reference to the previous description and will not be repeated here.
The tray collecting device 400 is configured to remove the erected trays T on the second stack carrier 3112 of the pack stacking apparatus 300 from the second stack carrier 3112 and stack them horizontally as a stack of trays.
As shown in fig. 8 to 10, in the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus of some embodiments, the pallet collecting device 400 includes a pallet transfer mechanism 420, a single erect pallet conveyor 410, a pallet turning mechanism 430, and a pallet stacking mechanism 450.
The tray transfer mechanism 420 is configured to remove the trays T erected in the pack G on the second pack carrier 3112 from the second pack carrier 3112.
The single erect tray conveyor 410 is configured to receive and convey the erect tray T removed by the tray transfer mechanism 420.
The tray turnover mechanism 430 is configured to turn the erected tray T into a horizontal tray T.
The tray stacking mechanism 450 is configured to stack a plurality of horizontal trays T into a tray stack.
The cargo pallet separation treatment equipment of this embodiment can realize that the tray is vertical to be carried and collect, does benefit to and saves overall arrangement space. The stability of the process of removing the tray T can be improved, the application range of the tray T is expanded, and the tray T is particularly suitable for products which are not suitable for 180-degree handstand.
The cargo pallet separation processing apparatus according to the embodiment of the present disclosure will be further described with reference to fig. 1 to 10.
As shown in fig. 8 to 10, the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus further includes a single horizontal pallet conveyor 440, an entire stack horizontal pallet conveyor 460, and a pallet collection device frame 470. The single erected tray conveyor 410, the tray transfer mechanism 420, the tray turnover mechanism 430, the single horizontal tray conveyor 440, the tray stacking mechanism 450, and the entire stack horizontal tray conveyor 460 are all disposed on the tray collection device frame 470. The tray collection device frame 470 can be integral or separate as desired.
The single erect tray conveyor 410 may be, for example, a roller conveyor or a flight conveyor. In order to prevent the erected pallet T from toppling over, anti-toppling devices may be provided on both sides of the conveyance passage. The anti-roll device comprises fences or a plurality of vertical rollers arranged on both sides of the conveying passage.
The pallet transfer mechanism 420 may be implemented in a variety of ways, for example, by transferring pallets from the carton stack de-stacking apparatus 300 to the single erect pallet conveyor 410 by means of a gripping device, a suction cup device, a pushing device, a pulling device, or the like.
As shown in fig. 9, in the present embodiment, the tray transfer mechanism 420 includes a driving mechanism 421, a transmission mechanism 422, a dragging member guide 423, and a dragging member 424. The driving mechanism 421 includes, for example, a motor, and the transmission mechanism 422 includes, for example, a sprocket and a chain disposed on the sprocket, and the motor drives the sprocket to rotate. The chain is connected to a drag element 424. The slider 424 is reciprocally disposed along the slider rail 423. The dragging piece is used for being matched with the tray T to drag the tray T to move.
In this embodiment, the dragging member 424 includes a sliding block slidably engaged with the dragging member guide rail 423, and a retractor rotatably disposed on the sliding block, and may further include a retractor driving portion for driving the retractor to rotate, where the retractor driving portion is, for example, a motor or a driving cylinder. Can make the drag hook switch at the work position of difference through the drag hook rotation, as shown in fig. 9, the drag hook rotates to and drags a guide rail 423 perpendicular, then can be in the first work position that can stimulate tray T, when first work position, if the drag hook is located one side of keeping away from tray tilting mechanism 430 of tray T, then can pull tray T and remove towards tray tilting mechanism 430. When the drag hook rotates to a position smaller than a certain angle range with the dragging piece guide rail 423, as shown in fig. 9, the drag hook is located above the tray T, and is located at a second working position for avoiding the tray T.
As shown in fig. 10, the tray overturning mechanism 430 includes a tray carrier 431 and a tray overturning driving mechanism 432. The tray carrier 431 has a first tray bearing portion and a second tray bearing portion disposed opposite to the first tray bearing portion at an interval. A tray-flipping drive mechanism 432 is drivingly connected to the tray carrier 431 for driving the tray carrier 431 to rotate between a first vertical work position and a second horizontal work position. When in the first working position, the first tray bearing part is close to the tray stacking mechanism 450, and the second tray bearing part is far away from the tray stacking mechanism 450; when the first tray bearing part is located at the first working position, the first tray bearing part is located below the second tray bearing part.
In some embodiments, the tray-flipping drive mechanism 432 includes a drive cylinder. In other embodiments the tray inversion drive mechanism may comprise a motor.
The tray T may be conveyed between the first tray carrying portion and the second tray carrying portion by the single-body erected tray conveyor 410 and/or the tray transfer mechanism 420 to be carried on the tray carrier 431. Then, the tray turnover driving mechanism 432 drives the tray carrier 431 to rotate from the vertical state to the horizontal state, and the tray T can be driven by the tray carrier 431 to rotate downwards to be horizontal.
As shown in fig. 10, the tray T is horizontally transferred to be carried on the single horizontal tray conveyor 440 and is conveyed to the downstream tray stacking mechanism 450 by the single horizontal tray conveyor.
In some embodiments, the single horizontal pallet conveyor 440 may be a roller conveyor, a drag conveyor, or the like. The first tray carrying portion is configured to avoid the conveying surface of the single horizontal tray conveyor 440 after the tray carrier 431 is rotated to be horizontal, and to drop the horizontal tray T on the conveying surface of the single horizontal tray conveyor 440. For example, the first pallet load bearing portion may comprise two bolster beams located outside the conveying surface of the single horizontal pallet conveyor 440 in the second work position. In some embodiments, the first pallet carriers and the single horizontal pallet conveyors 440 may also be arranged in a similar arrangement to the arrangement of the first pack carrier 3111 of the turntables 311 of the pack stacking apparatus 300 and the first pack conveyor 320 as previously described.
As shown in fig. 10, the tray stacking mechanism 450 includes a tray lifting and lowering base 451, a lifting and lowering drive mechanism 452, and a not-shown tray loading mechanism. The pallet lift truck 451, for example, includes a scissor structure and a support platform disposed atop the scissor structure. The lift drive mechanism 452 includes, for example, a drive cylinder. The driving cylinder is in driving connection with the scissor fork structure to drive the supporting platform to lift. When the tray T needs to be received, the supporting platform rises to jack up the tray stack on the supporting platform, the tray stack is supported by the supporting mechanism, and then the supporting platform falls, so that a vacancy is formed between the tray stack and the supporting platform. The single horizontal tray conveyor 440 may convey the trays T thereon into the empty space, and stack the stack of trays carried by the carrier mechanism on the trays T on the empty space. And by analogy, the stacking of the trays can be realized.
The support platform may itself be provided with a conveying function, for example the support platform may be a roller conveyor platform or a scraper chain conveyor. When the stacking number of the trays T reaches a preset amount, a required tray stack is formed, and the supporting platform can convey the tray stack to the downstream. In this embodiment, the support platform conveys the stack of trays to a full stack horizontal tray conveyor 460. The full stack horizontal pallet conveyor 460 may be, for example, a roller conveyor
The operation of the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus according to the present embodiment will be described in detail below. The main action process comprises the steps of overturning and separating the whole stack, pulling and separating the tray, rotating the tray by 90 degrees and stacking the tray.
The whole stack of the packing box stack G with the tray is overturned and separated. The entire stack of cartons G is transferred to the first stack conveyor 320 by the external docking device, and the entire stack of cartons G is conveyed by the first stack conveyor 320 to be close to the first stack-carrying portion 3111 of the turning frame 311. The stack G is tilted 90 degrees along with the roll-over stand and falls on the second group stack conveyor 330 supported by the second stack carrier 3112. The second group conveyor 330 drives the tilted whole stack of packing boxes G to move at a small distance, so that the whole stack of packing boxes G and the trays T thereof are separated from the second box stack bearing part 3112 by a certain distance, and the tilting and separating actions of the whole stack of packing boxes G from the trays T are completed.
The tray is pulled away. The tray transfer mechanism 420 moves close to the erected tray T, and the dragging piece 424 of the tray transfer mechanism 420 operates in cooperation with the erected tray T. Under the driving of the tray transfer mechanism 420, the tray T moves to the single erected tray conveyor 410 along the single erected tray conveyor 410, the tray T is pulled out from the whole stack of packaging box stacks G, and then the tray T is transferred to the tray carrier 431 of the tray overturning mechanism 430 by the single erected tray conveyor 410.
The tray is rotated 90 degrees. The tray carrier 431 of the tray turning mechanism 430 rotates 90 degrees around the rotating shaft under the action of the tray turning driving mechanism 432, and drives the tray T to turn from the vertical state to the horizontal state. The tray T turned into the horizontal state is placed on the single horizontal tray conveyor 440.
The trays are stacked. The tray stacking mechanism 450 is actuated to form a vacant space between the support platform and the stacked trays, the single horizontal tray conveyor 440 conveys the trays T into the vacant space of the tray stacking mechanism 450, and the tray stacking mechanism 450 completes the stacking work of the horizontal trays T. The stack of stacked trays is transferred to a full stack horizontal tray conveyor 460, either forked off by a forklift or directly conveyed to a docked external conveyor line.
The cargo pallet separation processing apparatus of the present embodiment has at least one of the following advantages: after the packaging box stack G with the tray is tipped, the packaging box stack G is pulled away from the tray T, so that the flexibility is high and the flexibility is high. The second group of stack conveyors 330 can move the whole stack of packaging box stacks G at a small distance after the packaging box stacks G with trays are tipped, so that the tray pulling resistance is reduced, and the pulling action of the trays T can be flexibly and quickly realized; meanwhile, the whole stack can be moved to be reversely close to the second stack bearing part after the tray is pulled away, so that the problem of stack scattering caused by directly turning up the packaging box stack G is solved. The drawn trays T are vertically conveyed to the downstream and then are further processed, so that the occupied space is small, and the equipment utilization rate is high. The tray turning mechanism 430 and the tray stacking mechanism 450 are provided to automatically stack and collect the extracted trays T. The whole process of cargo pallet separation treatment facility of this embodiment moves simply, and stability is high, and the product range who is suitable for is wide.
As shown in fig. 11, an embodiment of the present disclosure also provides an automatic loading apparatus. The automatic loading equipment comprises a packing box stack stacking device 300 or a cargo pallet separating and processing device, a packing box stack extracting device 100 and a packing box stack loading device 500.
The pack picking apparatus 100 is arranged upstream of the pack grouping apparatus 300 and is configured to feed a pack G to the pack grouping apparatus 300.
The pack stacking and loading device 500 is arranged downstream of the pack stacking and grouping device 300 and is configured to receive and convey the pack G of the pack stacking and grouping device 300 into a container.
The pack stacking apparatus 300 may be, for example, the pack stacking apparatus 300 of the previous embodiment. The structure and function of the pack stacking apparatus 300 will not be described again.
The cargo pallet separation processing apparatus may be, for example, the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus of the foregoing embodiment. The structure and function of the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus will not be described repeatedly herein.
The automatic loading equipment of this embodiment can realize the automatic no tray loading of packing carton buttress.
In some embodiments of the automatic loading apparatus, the pack stack extraction device 100 comprises a pack stack receiving conveyor 110, a destacking conveyor 120 and a pack stack output conveyor 130. The pack stack receiving conveyor 110 may be, for example, a chain conveyor. The destacking conveyor 120 may be, for example, a carousel destacking conveyor that conveys the pack by a roller 121 on a carousel. The pack output conveyor 130 may be, for example, a roller conveyor.
The pack receiving conveyor 110 is configured to receive a pack G from outside the automatic loading apparatus. A destacking conveyor 120 is arranged downstream of the pack receiving conveyor 110 and is configured to receive a pack G from the pack receiving conveyor 110 and to selectively bring the pack G thereon about a vertical axis through 180 degrees and out of the pack G. The pack output conveyor 130 is configured to receive the pack G from the transfer conveyor 120 and output it downstream.
In some embodiments of the automated truck loading apparatus, the pack stack truck loading device 500 includes a pack stack truck receiving conveyor 510, a multi-stack pack stack conveyor, and a pack stack truck conveyor 540.
As shown in fig. 11, in some embodiments the pack stacking and loading apparatus 500 comprises more than two groups of pack stack receiving conveyors 510 and more than two groups of multi-stack pack conveyors arranged in parallel and a group of pack stack loading conveyors 540. This setting can make two sets of or above packing carton buttress loading simultaneously, does benefit to the loading ability and the loading efficiency that improve automatic loading equipment.
The pack stack truck-receiving conveyor 510 is disposed downstream of the pack stack grouping device 300 and is configured to receive and convey the pack stacks G of the pack stack grouping device 300 downstream.
A multi-stack carton stack conveyor is arranged downstream of the carton stack cart receiving conveyor 510 and is configured to receive and convey downstream a carton stack G on the carton stack receiving conveyor 110.
A pack loading conveyor 540 is disposed downstream of the multi-pack loading conveyor 530 and is configured to receive and convey packs G from the multi-pack loading conveyor 530 into the containers.
In some embodiments of the automated loading apparatus, the multi-stack carton stack conveyor 530 includes a buffer conveyor 520 and an entire stack conveyor 530. The buffer conveyor 520 is disposed downstream of the stack of packages cart receiving conveyor 510 and is configured to receive and convey the stack of packages G of the stack of packages cart receiving conveyor 510 downstream. A palletizing conveyor 530 is disposed downstream of the buffer conveyor 520 and is configured to receive a package stack G on the buffer conveyor 520 and convey it towards a package stack loading conveyor 540.
The buffer conveyor 520 includes, for example, a belt conveyor. The entire pile conveyor 530 comprises, for example, a drag chain conveyor.
In some embodiments of the automated loading apparatus, the stack of packages receiving conveyor 510 includes a receiving conveyor transfer device and a receiving conveyor lifting device drivingly connected to the receiving conveyor transfer device to lift the receiving conveyor transfer device. The receiving conveyor transfer device comprises, for example, a drag conveyor. The receiving conveyor lifting device comprises, for example, a drive cylinder. This be provided with and do benefit to packing carton buttress loading and receiving conveyer 510 and the different difference in height's upstream and downstream conveying equipment butt joint, do benefit to stably transmitting the packing carton buttress.
In some embodiments of the automated loading apparatus, the carton stack loading conveyor 540 includes a loading conveyor transfer device and a loading conveyor lifting device drivingly connected to the loading conveyor transfer device for lifting the loading conveyor transfer device. The loading conveyor lifting device includes, for example, a roller conveyor. The loading conveyor lifting device is, for example, a drive cylinder. This arrangement facilitates the docking of the carton pile loading conveyor 540 with cargo compartments of different heights, as well as the self-adjustment of loading height during full-level loading.
In some embodiments of the automatic loading apparatus, the automatic loading apparatus further comprises a pack stack transfer device 200. The pack transfer apparatus 200 is configured to receive the pack G delivered by the pack extraction apparatus 100 and deliver the pack G to the pack grouping apparatus 300, and to receive the pack G of the pack grouping apparatus 300 and deliver the pack G to the pack loading apparatus 500.
In some embodiments of the automated loading apparatus, the pack stack transfer device 200 includes a handling mechanism including a mobile handling cart 210.
In the automatic loading apparatus of some embodiments, the transfer mechanism includes a cart traveling rail 220, and the mobile transfer cart 210 travels along the cart traveling rail 220. The mobile cart 210 may be, for example, an RGV or an AGV.
In some embodiments of the automated loading apparatus, the handling mechanism includes two mobile handling carts 210 that cooperate with cart travel rails 220.
In some embodiments of the automatic loading apparatus, the pack stack transfer device 200 comprises two handling mechanisms arranged side by side, and the mobile handling carriages 210 on the two handling mechanisms are configured to be able to transfer the pack stacks G to each other.
The configuration of the number of the movable carrying trolleys 210 and the number of the trolley traveling rails is beneficial to improving the loading efficiency of the automatic loading equipment.
In some embodiments, the mobile cart 210 is, for example, an RGV cart with rollers.
A loading process of the automatic loading device according to the embodiment of the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to fig. 1 to 11.
The loading process comprises whole stack butt joint steering, transferring of a packaging box stack transfer device, tipping, unstacking and stacking, tray removing and collecting, packaging box stack moving of stack assembling, whole stack buffering, whole stack conveyor conveying and packaging box stack loading conveyor loading.
The whole stack is butted and turned. The pack stack extraction apparatus 100 is docked with an external delivery port, and an entire stack of packs with trays on the outside is transferred to the pack stack receiving conveyor 110 of the pack stack extraction apparatus 100 and transferred to the destacking conveyor 120. The stack transferring conveyor 120 can complete 180-degree steering of the whole stack of packing box stacks, and specific combination of multiple stacks of packing box stacks is facilitated. The entire pack is diverted by the transfer conveyor 120 and conveyed downstream, and transferred to the pack output conveyor 130.
And the packing box stack transfer device transfers the packing box stacks. The pack stack transfer apparatus 200 transfers a pack stack from the pack stack output conveyor 130 over the entire stack and to the first stack conveyor 320 of the pack stack grouping apparatus 300. The pack stack transfer apparatus 200 may also receive the pack stacks after the sub-stack stacking from the first stack conveyor 320 and transfer the pack stacks to the pack stack loading receiving conveyor 510 of the pack stack loading apparatus 500.
And (5) overturning, unstacking and stacking. After receiving the entire stack of boxes with trays T from the box stack transfer device 200, the first group stack conveyor 320 moves the entire stack of boxes against the second stack receiving portion 3112 of the tilting mechanism 310, and the tilting mechanism 310 rotates the entire stack of boxes by 90 degrees and places the entire stack of boxes on the second group stack conveyor 330. The stack of tipped packages may be transferred from the second stack conveyor 330 to the third stack conveyor 340 for pre-buffering. When a stack of tilted packages is present on each of the third group stack conveyor 340 and the second group stack conveyor 330, the pushing device 350 can de-stack the stack of packages on the third group stack conveyor 340 in layers according to the requirement, and the second group stack conveyor 330 can stack the de-stacked package layers with the stack of packages thereon. The recombined packaging box stack is close to the first box stack bearing part 3111 of the turnover frame 311 by the second group stack conveyor 330, is converted into a vertical state by the turnover mechanism 310, can be conveyed to the packaging box stack transfer device 200 by the first group stack conveyor 320, and is transferred to the packaging box stack loading device 500 by the packaging box stack transfer device 200.
The tray is removed for collection. After the stack of boxes with trays T is tilted horizontally by the tilting mechanism 310, the trays T erected thereon are pulled out by the tray transfer mechanism 420 and transferred to the tray tilting mechanism 430 by the single erected tray conveyor 410. The tray overturning mechanism 430 performs overturning of the tray T from the vertical state to the horizontal state, and the tray T overturned to the horizontal state is stacked by the tray stacking mechanism 450 into a stack. The stack of pallets is finally removed by a forklift or an external butt conveyor.
The pack of packs is moved. The pack stack completed by the stack assembly on the first stack conveyor 320 is transferred to the pack stack loading receiving conveyor 510 by the pack stack transfer device 200, and is transferred to the buffer conveyor 520 by the pack stack loading receiving conveyor 510. Wherein, the conveying surface of the carton stack loading receiving conveyor 510 is liftable and can be flexibly butted with the carton stack transferring device 200 and the buffer conveyor 520.
And (5) buffering the whole stack. The entire stack of packages is buffered on a buffer conveyor 520.
Conveying by a whole pile conveyor. The two rows of whole stacks of cartons buffered on the two buffer conveyors 520 can be continuously abutted and continuously transferred to the whole stack conveyor. The palletizing conveyor has a low conveying height, preferably with one degree of freedom of movement of the entire stack in the direction of circulation of the pack stack, and carries two closely adjacent rows of packs into the interior of the cargo bed for transport to the pack palletizing conveyor 540.
And (5) loading the packing box stack by a loading conveyor. The carton pile loading conveyor 540 will move the two rows of abutting carton piles into the cargo compartment to complete the manual loading of the two rows of carton piles. The conveying surface height of the packing box stack loading conveyor is adjustable, the loading height can be flexibly adjusted, and the packing box stack loading conveyor is suitable for trucks with different specifications.
As can be seen from the above description, the automatic loading device of the embodiment of the present disclosure has at least one of the following advantages: the tray-free loading mode is suitable for loading materials in a box, and the utilization rate of a vehicle loading space is high. The full-layer loading mode of boxed materials is suitable, and loading efficiency is high. The stack separating and grouping of the packaging box stack is automatically realized, and the requirement of the loading layer height is flexibly met. Vertical trays are automatically recovered and stacked into a horizontal tray stack. The whole layer of packing box stacks are integrally pushed into the cargo compartment, the loading beat is fast, the efficiency is high, and the application range is wide. When the whole layer of vehicles are loaded, the height of the vehicles is self-adjusted, and the height of the vehicles is flexibly adapted to the height change of the vehicles.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are intended only to illustrate the technical solutions of the present disclosure and not to limit them; although the present disclosure has been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art will understand that: modifications to the embodiments of the disclosure or equivalent replacements of parts of the technical features may be made, which are all covered by the technical solution claimed by the disclosure.

Claims (11)

1. A carton blank stack grouping apparatus (300) comprising:
tilting mechanism (310), including roll-over stand (311), roll-over stand (311) is set up to be able to switch between first work position and second work position around a horizontal axis upset, roll-over stand (311) including first case buttress bearer (3111) and with first case buttress bearer (3111) is second case buttress bearer (3112) of contained angle first work position, first case buttress bearer (3111) level, second case buttress bearer (3112) is located above first case buttress bearer (3111) second work position, second case buttress bearer (3112) level, first case buttress bearer (3111) is located above second case buttress bearer (3112) first work position with the switching of second work position in-process, packing carton (311G) on roll-over stand (311) passes through roll-over stand (3111) upset from first case buttress and second buttress bearer (3112) To one another;
-a first group conveyor (320) arranged to receive a pack (G) from said first pack carrier (3111) at said first work station and to convey the pack (G) onto said first pack carrier (3111); and
a second group stack conveyor (330) configured to receive a stack of packages (G) from the second stack carrier (3112) at the second work station and to convey the stack of packages (G) onto the second stack carrier (3112).
2. A carton pack grouping device (300) according to claim 1,
the first box stack bearing part (3111) comprises a plurality of first bearing beams which are arranged in parallel at intervals and perpendicular to the horizontal shaft, the first group stack conveyor (320) comprises a plurality of first conveying parts (321) which are arranged in parallel at intervals and perpendicular to the horizontal shaft, and in the first working position, the plurality of first bearing beams and the plurality of first conveying parts (321) are arranged in a staggered mode; and/or the presence of a gas in the gas,
second case buttress bearer (3112) is including the perpendicular to of mutual parallel interval setting many second carrier bars of horizontal axis, second group buttress conveyer (330) is including mutual parallel interval setting and perpendicular to a plurality of second conveying part (331) of horizontal axis the second work position, many second carrier bars with a plurality of second conveying part (331) are crisscross to be set up.
3. A pack grouping apparatus (300) according to claim 1 further comprising a pack buffering means configured to receive and buffer packs (G) from the second group of pack conveyors (330) and to transfer at least part of the layers of packs (G) thereon to the second group of pack conveyors (330).
4. A pack grouping and stacking apparatus (300) according to claim 3, wherein said pack buffering means comprises:
a third group of stack conveyors (340) configured to receive stacks (G) of packages and buffer stacks (G) of packages from said second group of stack conveyors (330); and
a pushing device (350) configured to push at least part of a layer of packages of a stack (G) of packages on the third set of stack conveyors (340) to the second set of stack conveyors (330).
5. A device (300) for grouping stacks of packages according to claim 4, wherein the pushing device (350) comprises:
a pusher (351) disposed above the third group of pile conveyors (340) in a lateral direction of the third group of pile conveyors (340);
a pusher driving mechanism (352) in driving connection with the pusher (351) to drive the pusher (351) to reciprocate along the conveying direction of the third group of pile conveyors (340).
6. A pack grouping and stacking apparatus (300) according to claim 1, wherein the pack grouping and stacking apparatus (300) further comprises a tipping buffer mechanism (360), the tipping buffer mechanism (360) being configured to buffer the roll-over stand (311) when the roll-over stand (311) is switched between the first work position and the second work position.
7. A cargo pallet separation processing apparatus, comprising:
a pack stacking and grouping device (300), the pack stacking and grouping device (300) being the pack stacking and grouping device (300) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, configured to receive a pack stack (G) with trays (T) and to recombine into a pack stack (G) output without trays (T); and
a tray collecting device (400) configured to remove the erected trays (T) on the pack grouping device (300) from the second pack carrier (3112) and horizontally stack them as a stack.
8. The cargo pallet separation handling arrangement according to claim 7, characterised in that the pallet collecting device (400) comprises:
a tray transfer mechanism (420) configured to remove a tray (T) erected in a pack (G) on the pack grouping apparatus (300) from the pack grouping apparatus (300);
a single erect tray conveyor (410) configured to receive and convey the erect tray (T) removed by the tray transfer mechanism (420);
a tray turning mechanism (430) configured to turn the erected tray (T) into a horizontal tray (T); and
a tray stacking mechanism (450) configured to stack a plurality of horizontal trays (T) into a tray stack.
9. An automatic loading apparatus, characterized by comprising:
a pack grouping apparatus (300) as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, the pack grouping apparatus (300) being configured to receive a pack (G) and to output it after reassembly; or the cargo pallet separation processing apparatus as defined in any one of claims 7 to 8, configured to receive and output a package stack (G) after reassembly and to stack the pallets (T) of the package stack (G) horizontally as a pallet stack;
a pack stack extraction device (100) arranged upstream of the pack stack grouping device (300) and configured to deliver a pack stack (G) to the pack stack grouping device (300); and
and the packing box stack loading device (500) is arranged at the downstream of the packing box stack separating and stacking device (300) and is configured to receive the packing box stack (G) of the packing box stack separating and stacking device (300) and convey the packing box stack (G) into a packing box.
10. The automatic loading apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said pack stack loading means (500) comprises:
a pack stack truck-receiving conveyor (510) arranged downstream of the pack stack grouping device (300) and configured to receive and convey a pack stack (G) of the pack stack grouping device (300) downstream;
a multi-stack pack conveyor, disposed downstream of the pack stack car-receiving conveyor (510), configured to receive and convey downstream a pack stack (G) on the pack stack receiving conveyor (110);
a carton pile racking conveyor (540) disposed downstream of the multi-pile carton pile conveyor configured to receive and convey a carton pile (G) on the multi-pile carton pile conveyor into a carton.
11. The automatic loading apparatus according to claim 10,
the packaging box stack loading receiving conveyor (510) comprises a receiving conveyor conveying device and a receiving conveyor lifting device, and the receiving conveyor lifting device is in driving connection with the receiving conveyor conveying device so as to lift the receiving conveyor conveying device; and/or
The packing box stack loading conveyor (540) comprises a loading conveyor conveying device and a loading conveyor lifting device, and the loading conveyor lifting device is in driving connection with the loading conveyor conveying device so that the loading conveyor conveying device can lift.
CN202022122843.2U 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment Active CN212768196U (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922251098 2019-12-16
CN2019222510989 2019-12-16

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CN202022119438.5U Active CN212768195U (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Cargo pallet separation treatment equipment and automatic loading equipment
CN202022122843.2U Active CN212768196U (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment
CN202022119425.8U Active CN213833388U (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Automatic loading equipment
CN202011018424.2A Pending CN112978279A (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment
CN202011016167.9A Pending CN112978278A (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Cargo pallet separation treatment equipment and automatic loading equipment

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CN202022119425.8U Active CN213833388U (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Automatic loading equipment
CN202011018424.2A Pending CN112978279A (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Packing carton buttress divides buttress group buttress device, goods tray separation treatment facility and automatic loading equipment
CN202011016167.9A Pending CN112978278A (en) 2019-12-16 2020-09-24 Cargo pallet separation treatment equipment and automatic loading equipment

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CN112978279A (en) 2021-06-18
CN212768195U (en) 2021-03-23
CN213833388U (en) 2021-07-30

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