CN212655697U - Automatic processing system for bent pieces - Google Patents

Automatic processing system for bent pieces Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212655697U
CN212655697U CN202021487286.8U CN202021487286U CN212655697U CN 212655697 U CN212655697 U CN 212655697U CN 202021487286 U CN202021487286 U CN 202021487286U CN 212655697 U CN212655697 U CN 212655697U
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China
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conveying
piece
feeding
automatic
conveyer belt
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CN202021487286.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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崔明奎
崔原豪
崔乘豪
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Zhengzhou Jinyulong Auto Parts Co ltd
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Zhengzhou Jinyulong Auto Parts Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of glass processing, in particular to an automatic bent piece processing system, wherein materials are processed by an automatic feeding mechanism, an automatic cutting mechanism, an automatic piece breaking mechanism and a bending furnace in sequence; the automatic cutting mechanism of the automatic feeding mechanism, the automatic sheet breaking mechanism and the roasting furnace are respectively electrically connected with the PLC; the automatic sheet breaking mechanism comprises a longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism, and the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism comprises a feeding conveyer belt, a discharging conveyer belt, a feeding driving piece, a discharging driving piece, a lower ejecting piece, an upper pressing piece and an end part limiting piece; the discharging end of the feeding conveying belt is close to the feeding end of the discharging conveying belt, the feeding driving piece is in transmission connection with the feeding conveying belt, and the discharging driving piece is in transmission connection with the discharging conveying belt; a lower ejector piece is arranged between the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt and the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt, and upper pressing pieces are respectively arranged above the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt and above the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt; an end limiting part is arranged at the position, far away from the feeding end, of the discharging conveying belt.

Description

Automatic processing system for bent pieces
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a bent piece processing field, concretely relates to bent piece automatic processing system's technical field of structure.
Background
When glass is processed, a large glass plate is often required to be cut into the size of a corresponding specification, and then the glass plate is broken along a cutting gap to obtain glass blocks of the corresponding specification, and then the glass blocks are conveyed to a subsequent process for processing.
In the automobile rear mirror processing or other processing industries, a plane glass sheet needs to be baked and bent to form a glass sheet with a certain curvature, so as to realize the effect of 'wide visual angle' of the rear-view mirror; the glass sheet is generally baked at a high temperature to deform and form a curved sheet shape, so that the heating effect directly affects the forming effect, and the glass sheet is conveyed by means of a specific conveying and bearing mechanism. Therefore, it is necessary to design an automatic processing line for glass curved pieces to improve the overall processing efficiency.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a bent piece automatic processing system realizes glass's automatic feeding, cutting, breaks the piece off with the fingers and thumb and roast curved, and degree of automation is high, has promoted machining efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the automatic bent piece processing system is used for processing materials sequentially through an automatic feeding mechanism, an automatic cutting mechanism, an automatic piece breaking mechanism and a bending furnace; the automatic feeding mechanism, the automatic cutting mechanism, the automatic sheet breaking mechanism and the bending furnace are respectively electrically connected with the PLC; automatic feeding mechanism includes: the device comprises a guide rail, a slide block, a bearing base, a conveying table and a right overturning and grabbing mechanism; a slide block which is connected with the guide rail in a sliding way is arranged on the guide rail, a bearing base is fixedly arranged at the top of the slide block, and a right overturning and grabbing mechanism for grabbing materials on a glass plate rack is arranged on the bearing base; the automatic cutting mechanism comprises a cutting table and an automatic cutting head, and the automatic cutting head is arranged on the cutting table; the automatic sheet breaking mechanism comprises a longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism, and the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism comprises a feeding conveyer belt, a discharging conveyer belt, a feeding driving piece, a discharging driving piece, a lower ejecting piece, an upper pressing piece and an end part limiting piece; the discharging end of the feeding conveying belt is close to the feeding end of the discharging conveying belt, the feeding driving piece is in transmission connection with the feeding conveying belt, and the discharging driving piece is in transmission connection with the discharging conveying belt; a lower ejector piece is arranged between the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt and the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt, and upper pressing pieces are respectively arranged above the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt and above the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt; an end limiting piece is arranged at the position, far away from the feeding end, of the discharging conveying belt; the bending furnace comprises a conveying bearing platform, a furnace cavity, a conveying trolley and a driving piece; a furnace cavity is arranged on the conveying bearing table and comprises a preheating zone, a heating zone and a cooling zone which are sequentially communicated; the preheating zone, the heating zone and the cooling zone are all shell structures with openings at the bottoms; a heating element is arranged in the heating zone; a discharging position and a feeding position are arranged between the preheating zone and the cooling zone; the driving piece is in transmission connection with the conveying trolley and drives the conveying trolley to circularly move on the conveying bearing table along the feeding position, the preheating zone, the heating zone, the cooling zone and the discharging position.
Further, the right overturning and grabbing mechanism comprises a right overturning frame, a right overturning driving piece and a right grabbing mechanism; a right overturning frame is arranged above one end of the sliding block, and the bottom of the right overturning frame is hinged with the sliding block; a right overturning driving piece is arranged on the bearing base and is hinged with the right overturning frame; a plurality of right grabbing mechanisms for grabbing the glass are arranged on one side of the right turnover frame, which is far away from the bearing base, in parallel; a conveying table is fixedly arranged above the bearing base and comprises conveying shafts, a transmission part, stand columns, a conveying driving part and a roller set, a plurality of stand columns are fixedly arranged at the top of the bearing base, a plurality of conveying shafts are arranged at the tops of the stand columns side by side along the direction parallel to the guide rail, and the plurality of conveying shafts are respectively in transmission connection with the conveying driving part through the transmission part; a plurality of roller groups are uniformly arranged on the conveying shaft along the axial direction of the conveying shaft; the conveying shaft and the right grabbing mechanism are arranged at intervals. Further, the conveying trolley comprises a trolley base, a trolley bearing table, a connecting column, a lower roller and a connecting block, wherein the transmission end of the driving piece is connected with the inner side of the trolley base through the connecting block, the lower roller is arranged at the bottom of the trolley base, the connecting column is fixedly arranged on the trolley base, and the trolley bearing table is fixedly arranged at the top of the connecting column along the horizontal direction; and placing a mould on the trolley bearing table.
Furthermore, the automatic sheet breaking mechanism also comprises a transverse sheet breaking mechanism and a reversing conveying piece, and the material conveying direction of the transverse sheet breaking mechanism is perpendicular to the material conveying direction of the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism; the reversing conveying piece comprises a transverse conveying belt, a longitudinal conveying belt and a reversing stop block; the transverse conveying belts and the longitudinal conveying belts are arranged in a staggered manner; the feeding end of the longitudinal conveying belt is communicated with the discharging end of the transverse sheet breaking-off mechanism, and the discharging end is communicated with the feeding end of the transverse conveying belt; the discharge end of the transverse conveying belt is communicated with the feed end of the feed conveying belt; and a reversing stop block is fixedly arranged on one side of the transverse conveying belt far away from the discharge end of the longitudinal conveying belt.
Further, a first cleaning mechanism is arranged between the discharge end of the automatic sheet breaking mechanism and the feed end of the bending furnace, and comprises a water washing chamber, a drying chamber, a first cleaning conveyer belt, a second cleaning conveyer belt, a third cleaning conveyer belt, a fourth cleaning conveyer belt, a second nozzle, an overflow groove, a water storage tank and a water pump; the first cleaning mechanism is divided into a water cleaning chamber and a drying chamber along the conveying direction of the materials; the first cleaning conveyer belt, the second cleaning conveyer belt, the third cleaning conveyer belt and the fourth cleaning conveyer belt are communicated in sequence; an overflow groove and a water storage groove are arranged in the washing chamber, and the overflow groove is positioned above the water storage groove; the water inlet end of the water pump is positioned at the bottom of the water storage tank, and the water outlet end of the water pump is positioned in the overflow groove; the second cleaning conveyer belt is positioned in the overflow groove, and the upper conveyer belt surface of the second cleaning conveyer belt is positioned below the liquid level in the overflow groove; and a plurality of second nozzles are respectively arranged in the drying chamber and above and below the fourth cleaning conveying belt, and the nozzle ends of the second nozzles point to the fourth cleaning conveying belt.
Furthermore, an automatic plain film grabbing mechanism is arranged in front of the feeding end of the bending furnace and comprises a conveying platform, a second lower top piece, grabbing pieces and a PLC (programmable logic controller); a grabbing part is arranged beside the discharge end of the conveying platform, and a sucking disc is arranged at the grabbing end of the grabbing part; the conveying platform comprises a conveying belt and a driving motor, and the driving end of the driving motor is in transmission connection with the conveying belt; a lifting second lower jacking piece is arranged below the discharge end of the conveying belt; the second lower ejector piece comprises a second ejector block and a third lifting piece, and the second ejector block is fixedly arranged at the top of the telescopic end of the third lifting piece; the driving motor, the third lifting piece and the grabbing piece are respectively and electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC. Furthermore, a bent piece overturning and conveying mechanism is arranged behind the discharge end of the bending furnace, and comprises a second overturning mechanism, a rear conveying mechanism and a front conveying mechanism; the rear conveying mechanism comprises a rear conveying belt and a rear conveying driving motor, the rear conveying belt is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the rear conveying driving motor is in transmission connection with the rear conveying belt; a second turnover mechanism is arranged beside the feeding end of the rear conveying belt and comprises a second turnover motor, a second rotating shaft, a second turnover frame and a fourth sucking disc; the axis of the second rotating shaft is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the second overturning motor is in transmission connection with the second rotating shaft; one end of the second overturning frame is fixedly connected with the side wall of the second rotating shaft, and a fourth sucking disc is fixedly arranged on the second overturning frame; the front conveying mechanism comprises a front conveying guide rail, a front conveying sliding block, a seventh lifting piece and a fifth sucking disc; a front conveying guide rail is fixedly arranged above the second turnover frame along the horizontal direction, a front conveying sliding block is arranged on the front conveying guide rail in a sliding mode, a seventh lifting piece is arranged on the conveying sliding block, and the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece points downwards along the vertical direction; a fifth sucking disc is arranged below the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece; the fourth sucking disc, the rear conveying driving motor, the second overturning motor, the seventh lifting piece and the fifth sucking disc are respectively and electrically connected with the output control end of the PLC.
Further, the lower top piece comprises a top block, a first lifting piece and a first connecting rod; the bottom of the first connecting rod is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of the first lifting piece, the top of the first connecting rod is fixedly provided with a top block, and the top block is horizontally arranged along the direction vertical to the material conveying direction; the upper pressing piece comprises a fixing rod and a pressing block, the fixing rod stretches across the upper portion of the discharge end of the feeding conveying belt or the upper portion of the feed end of the discharging conveying belt, the pressing block is arranged on the fixing rod, and the pressing block is close to the upper surface of the conveying belt on which the pressing block is arranged.
Furthermore, after projection is carried out in the vertical direction, the conveying bearing table is in a track shape, and the heating area is arranged on a middle straight line section of the conveying bearing table; a heat insulation layer is arranged on the inner wall of the heating area, and heating elements are arranged at the top in the heating area and the bottom of the heat insulation layer; bottom extension parts are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the heating area, and the two bottom extension parts are arranged along the horizontal direction and in opposite directions; the bottom extension extends into the area between the trolley base and the trolley bearing table. Furthermore, a second cleaning mechanism and a blanking conveying belt are sequentially arranged behind the discharge end of the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses can reach one of following beneficial effect at least:
1. through this device, realize glass's automatic feeding, cutting, break the piece off with the fingers and thumb, roast curved and the unloading operation, promoted machining efficiency. 2. Set up automatic feeding mechanism, carry out high-efficient automatic feeding, convenient high efficiency. 3. The automatic sheet breaking mechanism is arranged to automatically and efficiently break sheets, and is convenient and efficient. 4. The bending furnace is arranged, so that automatic bending forming of the glass sheet is realized, convenience and high efficiency are realized, and the bending quality is high; the automatic circulation conveying operation can adapt to the high-temperature operation environment of the bending oven, the loss of heat in the bending oven can be reduced, and the bending effect is improved. 5. Through setting up corresponding arch and recess, reduced thermal loss, practiced thrift the energy consumption. 6. The runway-shaped conveying bearing platform is arranged, so that the circulating conveying operation of the conveying trolley is facilitated. 7. Set up exhaust groove and first fan, can promote exhaust effect, promote the curved quality of roast. 8. The bottom extension part and the groove are arranged, so that heat loss is reduced while material conveying is not influenced. 9. The blowing mechanism is arranged, so that blowing operation of the mould on the conveying trolley is automatically realized in the operation process of the bending furnace, and the bending effect is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structure schematic diagram of the automatic feeding mechanism and the automatic cutting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of the automatic feeding mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an operating state of fig. 3.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of the fine adjustment mechanism of the present invention
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of another view angle of fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the automatic sheet severing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of another view angle of the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a further view angle of fig. 9.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of the middle pressing block of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of the first cleaning mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the middle baking furnace of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of fig. 13 from another viewing angle.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of fig. 13 from yet another angle.
Fig. 16 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 15.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of the connection block and the sprocket according to the present invention.
Fig. 18 is a schematic structural view of another embodiment of the connection block and the sprocket according to the present invention.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of another viewing angle of the purging mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of fig. 19 from yet another angle.
Fig. 21 is the structural schematic diagram of the automatic grabbing mechanism of the middle flat piece and the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 22 is a schematic structural view of another view angle of the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism.
Fig. 23 is a schematic structural view of fig. 22 from yet another angle.
Fig. 24 is a schematic view of another perspective of the flat sheet gripper mechanism.
Fig. 25 is a schematic structural diagram of a further view angle of fig. 24.
FIG. 26 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a second side barrier.
Fig. 27 is a schematic structural diagram of fig. 26 from another perspective.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Example 1: as shown in fig. 1-7, the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 includes a guide rail 11, a slide block 12, a bearing base 13, a conveying table 14, a right-turning grabbing mechanism 15 and a left-turning grabbing mechanism 17; a slide block 12 connected with the guide rail 11 in a sliding manner is arranged on the guide rail, a bearing base 13 is fixedly arranged on the top of the slide block 12, and a right overturning and grabbing mechanism 15 and a left overturning and grabbing mechanism 17 are respectively arranged on the bearing base 13; the right overturning and grabbing mechanism 15 comprises a right overturning frame 151, a right overturning driving piece 152 and a right grabbing mechanism 155; a right roll-over stand 151 is arranged above one end of the sliding block 12, and the bottom of the right roll-over stand 151 is hinged with the sliding block 12; a right overturning driving piece 152 is arranged on the bearing base 13, and the right overturning driving piece 152 is hinged with the right overturning frame 151; a plurality of right grabbing mechanisms 155 for grabbing the glass are arranged on one side of the right overturning frame 151 away from the bearing base 13 side by side; a conveying table 14 is fixedly arranged above the bearing base 13, the conveying table 14 comprises a conveying shaft 141, a transmission piece 142, a stand column 143, a conveying driving piece 144 and a roller group 145, the plurality of stand columns 143 are fixedly arranged at the top of the bearing base 13, the plurality of conveying shafts 141 are arranged at the top of the stand columns 143 side by side along a direction parallel to the guide rail 11, and the plurality of conveying shafts 141 are respectively in transmission connection with the conveying driving piece 144 through the transmission piece 142; a plurality of roller groups 145 are uniformly provided on the conveying shaft 141 along the axial direction thereof; the conveying shaft 141 and the right grabbing mechanism 155 or the left grabbing mechanism 175 are arranged at intervals; the turning direction of the right grabbing mechanism 155 is set opposite to the turning direction of the left grabbing mechanism 175; after the projection in the vertical direction, the transmission member 142 between the adjacent two conveying shafts 141 is disposed away from the right grip mechanism 155 or the left grip mechanism 175; the conveying shaft 141 and the right grabbing mechanism 155 are arranged at an interval, that is, the conveying operation of the conveying table 14 does not affect the normal overturning operation of the right overturning grabbing mechanism 15. The conveying driving member 144 may be a stepping motor for providing power for the rotation of the conveying shafts 141, and the transmission member 142 may be a synchronous belt or a chain sprocket transmission member for transmitting the output power of the motor to the plurality of conveying shafts 141; the transmission mode between the slide block 12 and the guide rail 11 can be a ball screw transmission mode or a chain and sprocket transmission mode. The structure and the distance of the right overturning and grabbing mechanism 15 and the left overturning and grabbing mechanism 17 are the same, and only the overturning direction is different, so the right overturning and grabbing mechanism 15 is taken as an example for explanation, and correspondingly, the left overturning and grabbing mechanism 17 also includes a left overturning frame, a left overturning driving member and a left grabbing member 175. The right-turn gripping mechanism 15 is in the "waiting-for-work" state in fig. 3, and the right-turn gripping mechanism 15 is in the "work" state in fig. 4.
When the device works, one side (the side provided with the right grabbing mechanism 155) of the device where stacked glass plates are vertically and obliquely placed needs to grab and load the glass plates, the PLC 10 outputs and controls the slide block 12 to move towards one side close to the glass materials along the guide rail 11, outputs and controls the right overturning driving piece 152 to work, overturns the right overturning frame 151 and the right grabbing mechanism 155 to the states shown in the figure 4, the right grabbing mechanism 155 is in a vertical state, after the glass plates on the material frame are grabbed (adsorbed), controls the right overturning driving piece 152 to work, overturns the right overturning frame 151 and the right grabbing mechanism 155 to the states shown in the figure 3, the right grabbing mechanism 155 is in a horizontal state, releases the grabbed glass plates on the conveying table 14, and overturns to the position lower than the conveying surface (the top position of the roller group 145) of the conveying table 14, waiting for operation; then the PLC 10 controls the slide block 12 to return to the initial position along the guide rail 11, and the glass plate of the conveying table 14 is conveyed to the next working procedure for processing; through this device, set up the right side upset and snatch mechanism 15 and be convenient for carry out the material loading operation to the glass board, set up the slider 12 of sideslip formula simultaneously (or bear base 13) and drive the upset of the right side and snatch mechanism 15 and carry out the sideslip, can be along with the continuous reduction of material, and the relative position that mechanism 15 was snatched in the upset of the right side of corresponding adjustment, the operation of snatching to the glass board of being convenient for.
One working state of the device is as follows: the right-turning grabbing mechanism 15 and the left-turning grabbing mechanism 17 operate simultaneously, that is, when the right-turning grabbing mechanism 15 is in an operating state, the left-turning grabbing mechanism 17 is also in an operating state, but after the glass plate is grabbed, the grabbed glass plate needs to be sequentially released on the conveying table 14, and when the conveying table 14 is empty (no glass plate exists), the right-turning grabbing mechanism 15 and the left-turning grabbing mechanism 17 are sequentially or simultaneously overturned to grab the glass plate.
Example 2: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present embodiment optimizes the roll stand structure for the above-described embodiment.
The right roll-over stand 151 in the double-side glass automatic feeding device comprises a first connecting rod 1511, a second connecting rod 1512 and a third connecting rod 1513, wherein the first connecting rod 1511 is horizontally arranged along the direction vertical to the guide rail 11, and the bottom of the first connecting rod 1511 is hinged with the slide block 12; a plurality of second connecting rods 1512 are arranged on the first connecting rods 1511 side by side along the arrangement direction of the first connecting rods 1511, one end of each second connecting rod 1512 is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod 1511, the other end of each second connecting rod 1512 is fixedly connected with one end of a third connecting rod 1513, and the other end of each third connecting rod 1513 is far away from the bearing base 13; the right turning driving piece 152 is hinged with the third connecting rod 1513, the right grabbing mechanism 155 is hinged with the third connecting rod 1513, and the right turning driving piece 152 and the right grabbing mechanism 155 are respectively positioned at two sides of the third connecting rod 1513; after the projection in the vertical direction, the second connecting rod 1512 is disposed at a distance from the conveying shaft 141. The right roll-over stand 151 mainly plays a role of bearing a right grabbing mechanism 155, and the operation position of the right roll-over stand 151 (the right grabbing mechanism 155) is controlled by the arranged right roll-over driving piece 152; when the right roll-over stand 151 is turned over, the rotation axis is the rotation axis of the hinge part of the right roll-over stand 151 and the slide block 12.
Example 3: as shown in fig. 1-7, the present embodiment optimizes the tumble drive configuration for the above-described embodiment.
The right turnover driving piece 152 in the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 comprises a rotating motor 1521, a fourth connecting rod 1522 and a fifth connecting rod 1523, the rotating motor 1521 is fixedly arranged on the bearing base 13, the transmission end of the rotating motor 1521 is fixedly connected with one end of the fourth connecting rod 1522, the other end of the fourth connecting rod 1522 is hinged with one end of the fifth connecting rod 1523, and the other end of the fifth connecting rod 1523 is hinged with a third connecting rod 1513; the rotation axis of the transmission end of the rotating motor 1521 is arranged along the horizontal direction and perpendicular to the direction of the guide rail 11, and the fourth connecting rod 1522 is arranged along the vertical direction; after being projected in the vertical direction, the fourth connecting rod 1522 and the fifth connecting rod 1523 are both positioned between the adjacent two conveying shafts 141. During operation, PLC controller 10 output control rotating electrical machines 1521 just, the reversal to the adjustment of the position of realization through fourth connecting rod 1522 and fifth connecting rod 1523 to right roll-over stand 151 realizes that the right side snatchs the material loading operation of mechanism 155 to the glass board. Preferably, the rotating motor 1521 is a motor with a larger torque, and when the device works, the rotating motor is slow to improve the stability of the device in the using process.
Example 4: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present embodiment optimizes the structure of the grasping mechanism for the above-described embodiment.
The right grabbing mechanism 155 in the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 comprises a seventh connecting rod 1551, a sucker 1552, an eighth connecting rod 161 and a ninth connecting rod 162; the seventh connecting rod 1551 is located on one side of the third connecting rod 1513 away from the right turnover driving element 152, and two ends of the third connecting rod 1513 are respectively hinged to two ends of the seventh connecting rod 1551 through the eighth connecting rod 161 and the ninth connecting rod 162; a plurality of suckers 1552 are uniformly arranged on the seventh connecting rod 1551 along the arrangement direction of the seventh connecting rod 1551, and the working ends of the suckers 1552 are positioned on one side of the seventh connecting rod 1551 away from the third connecting rod 1513. The input end of the sucker 1552 is communicated with a negative pressure air source, the PLC 10 outputs and controls the opening and closing valve of a negative pressure air source pipeline, the grabbing or releasing operation of the sucker 1552 is controlled, when the right grabbing mechanism 155 is turned to be as shown in figure 4, the sucker 1552 is close to and contacts with a glass plate, the PLC 10 outputs and controls the sucker 1552 to perform negative pressure adsorption and grab of the glass plate, the glass plate is continuously grabbed until the right grabbing mechanism 155 is turned to be at the position shown in figure 2, the PLC outputs and controls the sucker 1552 to perform pressure relief, the glass plate is released to the conveying table 14, and the feeding operation is completed.
Example 5: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present embodiment optimizes the grasping mechanism detecting structure for the above-described embodiment.
The right grabbing mechanism 155 in the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 further comprises a third sensor 1553, the third sensor 1553 is arranged on one side, away from the third connecting rod 1513, of the seventh connecting rod 1551, and the third sensor 1553 is electrically connected with a signal input end of the PLC 10; the slide block 12, the conveying driving element 144, the rotating motor 1521 and the suction disc 1552 are respectively and electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC 10. Third sensor 1553 can be contact position switch, carry out slow movement along guide rail 11 when slider 12, right side snatchs mechanism 155 and is close to glass sheet material side, after third sensor 1553 contacts the glass sheet, be about to signal transmission and receive the processing for PLC controller 10, PLC controller 10 output control slider 12 stops moving, later sucking disc 1552 work, adsorb the glass sheet and snatch, can realize the position of automated inspection glass sheet through setting up third sensor 1553, control relevant mechanism's work, promote the degree of automation of this device.
Example 6: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present embodiment optimizes the fine adjustment structure of the grasping mechanism for the above-described embodiment.
The right turnover grabbing mechanism 15 of the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 further comprises a right fine adjustment mechanism 153, the right fine adjustment mechanism 153 comprises a rotating shaft 1531 and a rotary driving mechanism 1532, the rotating shaft 1531 penetrates through the third connecting rods 1513 and is rotatably connected with the third connecting rods 1513, and one end of the eighth connecting rod 161 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 1531; the rotation driving mechanism 1532 includes a rotation driving member 15321 and a sixth connecting rod 15322, the rotation driving member 15321 is fixedly disposed on the right flip frame 151, a transmission end of the rotation driving member 15321 is hinged to one end of the sixth connecting rod 15322, and the other end of the sixth connecting rod 15322 is fixedly connected to a sidewall of the rotating shaft 1531; the rotary driving unit 15321 is electrically connected to the output control terminal of the PLC controller 10. The rotary driving member 15321 can be a rotary motor or an electric telescopic rod, and the arrangement of the rotary motor is the same as that of the right-turning driving member 152; when rotary driving piece 15321 is electric telescopic handle, electric telescopic handle's flexible end is articulated with sixth connecting rod 15322, electric telescopic handle extends, it rotates to drive pivot 1531, thereby it rotates to drive eighth connecting rod 161, thereby it goes up (need descend before glass snatchs) to drive seventh connecting rod 1551, be convenient for snatch the absorption of glass board, adsorb when sucking disc 1552 and snatch behind the glass board, electric telescopic handle returns to contract, it rotates to drive pivot 1531, thereby transfer seventh connecting rod 1551 and carry out the rise of vertical direction, rise take the glass board after a take the altitude, make the bottom of the glass board that snatchs break away from the material platform completely, later overturn right roll-over stand 151 through right side upset driving piece 152 again, reduce and snatch the phenomenon appearance of glass board bottom collision damage among the process.
Example 7: as shown in fig. 1 to 7, the present embodiment optimizes the fine tuning detection structure for the above-described embodiments.
The right-turn gripping mechanism 15 of the automatic glass feeding mechanism 1 further comprises an angle detection mechanism 1533, and the angle detection mechanism 1533 comprises a first limiting rod 15331, a second limiting rod 15332, a first sensor 15333 and a second sensor 15334; a first position-limiting rod 15331 and a second position-limiting rod 15332 are fixedly disposed on an outer side wall of the rotating shaft 1531, and an end of the first position-limiting rod 15331 away from the rotating shaft 1531 and an end of the second position-limiting rod 15332 away from the rotating shaft 1531 are away from each other; a first sensor 15333 and a second sensor 15334 which respectively cooperate with the first limiting rod 15331 and the second limiting rod 15332 are fixedly arranged on the right roll-over stand 151, the first sensor 15333 and the second sensor 15334 are respectively and electrically connected with a signal input end of the PLC controller 10, and the rotary driving member 15321 is electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC controller 10.
The first sensor 15333 and the second sensor 15334 may contact position switches, when the rotating shaft 1531 rotates, the first limiting rod 15331 or the second limiting rod 15332 is driven to rotate, when the first limiting rod 15331 contacts and collides with the detection end of the first sensor 15333 (i.e., rotates to the maximum position or the proper position), the first sensor 15333 transmits the detection signal to the PLC controller for receiving and processing, and controls the rotation driving part 15321 to stop working, and through the two sets of limiting rods and the sensors in the angle detection mechanism 1533, the maximum forward and reverse angles of the rotating shaft 1531 can be respectively controlled, i.e., the position of the suction cup 1552 is controlled to go up and down, so that the using effect of the device is improved.
Preferably, a plurality of eleventh inductors 18 are arranged between the automatic feeding mechanism 1 and the automatic cutting mechanism 2 side by side along the direction perpendicular to the conveying direction of the material clinker, when the automatic feeding mechanism 1 grabs and places the glass plate on the conveying table 14, the position of the edge of the glass plate is detected through the eleventh inductors 18, and the position is adjusted by controlling the automatic feeding mechanism 1 to move transversely, so that when the glass plate after being grabbed enters the cutting table 2 at each time, the transverse position is adjusted, only the limitation of the longitudinal position (adjusting the longitudinal position of the glass plate) is needed to be carried out through the sixth lifting baffle 23, and the preliminary position adjustment of the glass plate before being cut is realized. (the sixth lifting baffle 23 is lifted by the lifting cylinder, lifted before and during cutting, limits the glass plate, descends after cutting, and conveys the glass plate to the automatic plate breaking mechanism 3.)
Example 8: as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the automatic cutting mechanism 2 includes a cutting table 21 and an automatic cutting head 22, the automatic cutting head 22 is disposed on the cutting table 21, the automatic cutting head 22 includes a longitudinal moving guide rail 221, a transverse moving guide rail 222 and a cutting head 223, the longitudinal moving guide rail 221 is disposed along the conveying direction of the cutting table 21, the transverse moving guide rail 222 is disposed on the longitudinal moving guide rail 221 and perpendicular to the conveying direction of the material, the cutting head 223 is disposed on the transverse moving guide rail 222, the cutting head 223 includes a necessary cutting drill and a grating positioning mechanism, and the cutting head 223 can perform longitudinal and transverse cutting on the cutting table 21.
Example 9: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33 includes an infeed conveyor 331, an outfeed conveyor 332, an infeed drive 333, an outfeed drive 334, a lower ejector 34, an upper press 35, and an end stop 36; the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt 331 is close to the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt 332, the feeding driving member 333 is in transmission connection with the feeding conveyer belt 331, and the discharging driving member 334 is in transmission connection with the discharging conveyer belt 332; a lower ejector piece 34 is arranged between the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt 331 and the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt 332, and an upper pressing piece 35 is respectively arranged above the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt 331 and above the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt 332; an end stop 36 is provided at the outfeed conveyor belt 332 remote from its infeed end. The feeding driving member 333 and the discharging driving member 334 may be step motors and electrically connected to the PLC controller 10, and the fourth sensor 37 is disposed below the discharging conveyer belt 332 for detecting whether there is glass above the discharging conveyer belt 332, and transmitting the detection signal to the PLC controller 10 for receiving and processing, so as to facilitate the operation of the corresponding components output and controlled by the PLC controller 10.
During operation, the PLC controller 10 controls the lower top member 34 to be in a descending state and the end limiting member 36 to be in an ascending state; after a part of the cut glass plate is conveyed to the discharging conveyer belt 332 through the feeding conveyer belt 331, one end of the glass plate is abutted and limited through the end limiting piece 36 (the width of the glass plate is larger than that of the conveyer belt), then the fourth sensor 37 works, the PLC 10 judges that the glass plate moves to a corresponding position after processing (at this time, the cutting line of the glass plate is just above the lower top piece 34), then the feeding conveyer belt 331 and the discharging conveyer belt 332 are controlled to stop running, the lower top piece 34 rises and abuts against the lower part of the cutting line of the glass plate, then one end height (the height is determined according to the thickness and the cutting depth of the glass) continues to rise, in the rising process of the lower top piece 34, the conveyer belt surfaces of the feeding conveyer belt 331 and the discharging conveyer belt 332 are abutted against at two ends of the glass plate respectively, and the two sides of the cutting line are limited through the upper pressing piece 35 (namely, the maximum position for limiting the rising of the glass plate, the glass plate is broken into two pieces at the upper cutting line by simultaneously applying force up and down, so that the sheet breaking operation after the glass plate is cut is realized; then, the output of the PLC controller 10 controls the lower top part 34 and the end limiting part 36 to descend, the discharging conveyer belt 332 operates, the broken glass blocks are conveyed to the next process for processing through the discharging conveyer belt 332, then the PLC controller 10 controls the end limiting part 36 to ascend and the feeding conveyer belt 331 to operate, the glass plates to be subjected to secondary sheet breaking are conveyed to the feeding conveyer belt 332, and the steps are repeated to perform sheet breaking operation; after the glass plate finishes the sheet breaking of all cutting lines (namely, after the last sheet breaking operation of the glass plate is finished), the lower ejection piece 34 and the end part limiting piece 36 are both descended, the feeding conveyer belt 331 and the discharging conveyer belt 332 run simultaneously, the glass blocks broken off on the discharging conveyer belt 331 and the feeding conveyer belt 332 are conveyed to the next working procedure for processing, the continuous multi-time sheet breaking operation of one glass plate (with a plurality of cutting lines) is finished, the continuous sheet breaking operation after the large glass plate is cut for a plurality of times is realized, and the integral efficiency of automatic glass processing is improved.
Example 10: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, the present embodiment optimizes the lower head structure for the above-described embodiment.
The lower top member 34 in the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33 includes a top block 341, a first elevating member 342, and a first connecting rod 343; the bottom of the first connecting rod 343 is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of the first lifting member 342, the top block 341 is fixedly arranged at the top of the first connecting rod 343, and the top block 341 is horizontally arranged along the direction perpendicular to the material conveying direction. The first lifting member 342 may be a linear telescopic cylinder or an electric telescopic rod, and the lifting of the first lifting member 342 is controlled by the PLC controller 10, so as to complete the automatic sheet severing operation of the glass sheet.
Example 11: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, the present embodiment optimizes the upper presser structure with respect to the above-described embodiment.
The upper pressing member 35 of the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33 includes a fixing rod 351 and a pressing block 352, the fixing rod 351 spans over the discharge end of the feeding conveyor belt 331 or the feed end of the discharging conveyor belt 332, the pressing block 352 is disposed on the fixing rod 351, and the pressing block 352 is close to the upper surface of the conveyor belt on which the pressing block 352 is disposed. As shown in fig. 9 and 11, the fixing rod 351 spans over the discharging end of the feeding conveyer belt 331, and a plurality of pressing blocks 352 are arranged on the side wall of the fixing rod 351, the bottom of each pressing block 352 points to the surface of the conveyer belt at the discharging end of the feeding conveyer belt 331 and is close to the conveyer belt, when the lower ejector 34 ascends, the pressing blocks 352 press down and tightly press the two sides of the cutting line of the glass plate, so that the glass plate is broken along the cutting line by simultaneously applying force up and down, and the using effect of the device is improved.
Example 12: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, the present embodiment optimizes the structure of the end stop with respect to the above-described embodiment.
The end limiting member 36 in the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33 includes a side stopper 361, a second lifting member 362, a first fixing base 363, a first upper bearing plate 365 and a third upright column 366; a first fixed base 363 is arranged below the discharging conveying belt 332, a second lifting piece 362 is fixedly arranged on the first fixed base 363, a first upper bearing plate 365 is fixedly arranged at the top of the telescopic end of the second lifting piece 362, a third upright column 366 is fixedly arranged on the first bearing plate 365, and a side stop 361 is fixedly arranged at the top of the third upright column 366. The second lifting piece 362 can be a linear telescopic cylinder or an electric telescopic rod, and the PLC 10 controls the second lifting piece 362 to lift up and down so as to control the lifting of the stop block 361, because the width of the glass plate is greater than that of the conveying belt, when the stop block 361 is lifted up, the side edge of the glass plate can be abutted and limited so as to prevent the glass plate from continuously advancing, and when the stop block 361 is lowered, the glass plate can be continuously conveyed along the conveying belt; the operation of simultaneously lifting the stoppers 361 at both sides is realized by the first upper loading plate 365.
Example 13: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, the present embodiment optimizes the top block structure for the above-described embodiments.
The top of the top block 341 in the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism 33 is an arc-shaped protrusion. The top of kicking block 341 is the arc arch, and sets up along the direction of delivery of level and perpendicular to glass board, and when kicking block 341 rose, arch 341 supported tightly with the bottom of glass board, can reduce the area of contact with the glass board, can promote great local (cutting line bottom) extrusion force again simultaneously to realize breaking fast (breaking off the piece) operation. Similarly, the top of the top block 341 may be in the shape of an edge, and the width increases from top to bottom in sequence, so as to realize the glass sheet breaking operation, but because the contact area between the edge and the glass sheet is too small, when the edge is not aligned with the cutting line on the glass sheet, the stress of the glass sheet is not uniform, and the sheet breaking effect is affected, so that the operation is not very convenient.
Example 14: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, with the above embodiment, the present embodiment optimizes the compact structure.
The pressing block 352 in the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism 33 is a roller set or a roller. As shown in fig. 9 and 11, the roller set or the roller structure, and the roller set or the roller can be rotated in the vertical direction, so that the pressing block 352 is in rolling contact with the upper surface of the glass plate, when the lower top part 34 ascends, the upper surface of the glass plate is in rolling contact with the pressing block 352, and when the pressing block 352 limits the glass plate, the friction damage to the surface of the glass plate can be reduced, thereby improving the use effect of the device. Preferably, a material such as high-strength rubber may be provided on the contact surface of the pressing block 352 and the glass plate, so that the use effect of the upper pressing member 35 can be improved.
Example 15: as shown in fig. 8 to 11, with the above embodiment, the lifting structure of the end limiting member is optimized in the present embodiment.
The end limiting member 36 in the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33 further includes a second upright 364 and a first sliding connector 367; a plurality of second upright posts 364 are uniformly arranged on the first fixing base 363 and centered on the second lifting member 362, the bottom of the second upright posts 364 is fixedly connected with the first fixing base 363, and the top of the second upright posts 364 penetrates through the first upper bearing plate 365 and is slidably connected with the first upper bearing plate 365 through the first sliding connector 367. First sliding connection 367 can be linear bearing, through setting up a plurality of second stands 364, can promote the flexible time of second lift 362, the stability of loading board 365 on the first, promoted the stability that dog 361 goes up and down the in-process promptly, promoted the result of use of this device. Preferably, the lifting mode of the lower top part 34 can also adopt the lifting structure, so as to improve the stability of the top block 341 in the lifting process and improve the stress uniformity of the glass plate.
Example 16: as shown in fig. 8-11, the automatic sheet severing mechanism 3 further includes a transverse sheet severing mechanism 31 and a reversing conveyor 32, and the material conveying direction of the transverse sheet severing mechanism 31 is perpendicular to the material conveying direction of the longitudinal sheet severing mechanism 33; the reversing conveying piece 32 comprises a transverse conveying belt 321, a longitudinal conveying belt 322 and a reversing stop 323; the transverse conveyor belts 321 and the longitudinal conveyor belts 322 are arranged in a staggered manner; the feeding end of the longitudinal conveyer belt 322 is communicated with the discharging end of the transverse sheet breaking-off mechanism 31, and the discharging end is communicated with the feeding end of the transverse conveyer belt 321; the discharge end of the transverse conveying belt 321 is communicated with the feed end of the feed conveying belt 331; a reversing stop block 323 (used for limiting the conveying position of the glass plate) is fixedly arranged on one side of the transverse conveying belt 321, which is far away from the discharge end of the longitudinal conveying belt 322; the structure principle of the transverse sheet breaking mechanism 31 is the same as that of the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism 33; after the automatic cutting mechanism 2 cuts the glass plate along the longitudinal and transverse directions, the glass plate is firstly transversely broken by the transverse sheet breaking mechanism 31, and then is conveyed to the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism 33 through the reversing conveying piece 32 to be longitudinally broken, so that the using effect of the device is improved.
Example 17: as shown in fig. 12, a first cleaning mechanism 4 is arranged between the discharging end of the automatic sheet severing mechanism 3 and the feeding end of the bending oven 5, and the first cleaning mechanism 4 comprises a water cleaning chamber 41, a drying chamber 42, a first cleaning conveyer 431, a second cleaning conveyer 432, a third cleaning conveyer 433, a fourth cleaning conveyer 434, a second nozzle 442, an overflow tank 451, a water storage tank 452 and a water pump 453; the first cleaning mechanism 4 is divided into a water cleaning chamber 41 and a drying chamber 42 along the conveying direction of the materials; the first cleaning conveyer 431, the second cleaning conveyer 432, the third cleaning conveyer 433 and the fourth cleaning conveyer 434 are communicated in sequence; an overflow tank 451 and a water storage tank 452 are provided in the washing chamber 41, and the overflow tank 451 is located above the water storage tank 452; the water inlet end of the water pump 453 is positioned at the bottom of the water storage tank 452, and the water outlet end is positioned in the overflow tank 451; the second cleaning conveyer 432 is positioned in the overflow trough 451, and the upper conveyer surface of the second cleaning conveyer 432 is positioned below the liquid level in the overflow trough 451; a plurality of second nozzles 442 are provided in the drying chamber 42 above and below the fourth cleaning conveyer 434, respectively, and nozzle ends of the second nozzles 442 are directed toward the fourth cleaning conveyer 434. The curved quality of roast can be promoted in the curved back of glass piece before roast, earlier carry out surface cleaning, dry back through first wiper mechanism 4, roast curved again.
Example 18: as shown in fig. 13-20, the bending furnace 5 includes a conveying bearing platform 51, a furnace cavity 52, a conveying trolley 53 and a driving component 55; a furnace cavity 52 is arranged on the conveying bearing table 51, and the furnace cavity 52 comprises a preheating zone 521, a heating zone 522 and a cooling zone 523 which are sequentially communicated; the preheating zone 521, the heating zone 522 and the cooling zone 523 are all shell structures with openings at the bottoms, and the bottoms of the shells are fixed on the conveying bearing platform 51 through shell fixing rods 524; a heating member 5221 is provided in the heating zone 522; a discharge port 57 and a feed port 56 are arranged between the preheating zone 521 and the cooling zone 523; the driving piece 55 is in transmission connection with the conveying trolley 53 and drives the conveying trolley 53 to circularly move on the conveying bearing platform 51 along the feeding part 56, the preheating zone 521, the heating zone 522, the cooling zone 523 and the discharging part 57; the conveying trolley 53 comprises a trolley base 531, a trolley bearing table 532, a connecting column 533, a lower roller 534 and a connecting block 536, wherein the transmission end of the driving piece 55 is connected with the inner side of the trolley base 531 through the connecting block 536, the lower roller 534 is arranged at the bottom of the trolley base 531, the connecting column 533 is fixedly arranged on the trolley base 531, and the trolley bearing table 532 is fixedly arranged at the top of the connecting column 533 along the horizontal direction; a mold 535 is placed on the cart carrier 532. Preferably, one embodiment of the driving member 55 is: the driving member 55 is composed of a servo motor, a chain wheel 551 and a chain 552, the servo motor drives the chain wheel 551 to rotate, and the chain wheel 551 drives the trolley base 531 (i.e. the conveying trolley 53) to move, so as to complete the conveying operation of the material. Preferably, a plurality of heating members 5221 are sequentially arranged in the heating zone 522 along the material conveying direction, and the heating members 5221 may be electric heating pipes, and corresponding heating curves are set according to the characteristics of the fired material (and the material conveying speed is controlled by the driving member 55, and the heating time is controlled by the length of the heating zone 522).
During operation, sprocket 551 rotates, drive chain 552 removes, thereby drive the orbit that dolly base 531 set up along chain 552, carry the circulation on the plummer 51 again and move, place mould 535 on dolly plummer 532 (swing joint, be convenient for change the mould specification), at the feeding department 56 of roast curved stove 5, place plain film glass on mould 535, loop through preheating zone 521, the heating zone 522 and cooling zone 523 with the glass piece through transport trolley 53 and accomplish roast curved shaping, and take off the back with the glass piece in the ejection of compact department 57 of roast curved stove 5, again the material loading, through this conveyor, can set up a plurality of transport trolleys 53 in succession, and carry out the continuous loop, realize the continuous roast curved operation of roast curved stove 5, can promote roast curved efficiency.
Fig. 17 and 18 are block diagrams of two embodiments of the connection block 536 to the chain 552; the connecting block 536 may be a metal block or a rotating shaft, and when the connecting block 536 is a metal block (plate), it may be connected to the chain 552 by fastening with a bolt or welding; when the connecting block 536 is a rotating shaft, it can be rotatably connected to the side of the cart base 531 via the rotating shaft (i.e. the extension of the chain connecting shaft), and can also realize the transmission of the conveying cart 53. Preferably, the lower roller 534 is a universal wheel, and can be adaptively adjusted according to a chain, so that the stability in the conveying process is improved. The conveying trolley 53 is set to be in an I-shaped structure, the conveying trolley needs to enter a high-temperature heating zone 522 in the process of bearing and conveying glass sheets, the trolley bearing platform 532 and the trolley base 531 are separated from each other by the aid of the structure, the trolley bearing platform 532 bears corresponding high-temperature environment while bearing mold materials, high-temperature-resistant requirements of the trolley base 531 are relatively reduced, meanwhile, the driving piece 55 and the heating zone 522 (or the furnace cavity 52) are directly separated, requirements on high-temperature operation of the driving piece 55 are also reduced, and meanwhile, the service life of the driving piece 55 is prolonged.
Example 19: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the structure of the bending furnace for the above-described embodiment.
After along vertical direction projection in roast curved stove 5, carry plummer 51 to be "runway shape" (runway shape is arc for both ends, the middle part is the structure of linear type), the zone of heating 522 sets up on the middle part straightway of carrying plummer 51, sprocket 551 sets up two tip departments at carrying plummer 51, through sprocket chain deuterogamy "runway shape" structure, be convenient for realize the convenient cyclic shift of transport trolley 53, and the zone of heating 522 sets up to the structure of straight line shape equally, be convenient for control roast curved temperature curve and heat time, promote the practicality of this device.
Example 20: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the heat insulating structure for the above-described embodiment.
In the bending furnace 5, a plurality of exhaust grooves 5323 are provided on the top of the cart support base 532. When flat glass is finished into curved glass with a certain curvature, the top of the mold 535 needs to be set into a corresponding curved shape, when the flat glass is placed on the mold 535, a space with a larger gap between the flat glass and the upper surface of the mold 535 is heated and softened and then deformed, when the flat glass is heated and softened at a high temperature in the heating zone 522, the glass can be deformed, the gap between the glass and the upper surface of the mold is continuously smaller until the glass is softened and attached to the upper surface of the mold to form a curved sheet, and in the process, air between the glass and the mold 535 needs to be timely discharged to reduce the air retention on the upper surface of the mold, so that the glass forms 'bubble' bulges to influence the quality of the formed glass; therefore, the mold 535 needs to be provided with vent holes (the vent holes penetrate through the upper surface and the lower surface of the mold to facilitate air exhaust), and therefore, the corresponding vent groove 5323 is arranged at the top of the trolley bearing platform 532 for placing the mold 535, so that the air exhaust effect in the glass sheet bending process is facilitated, and the bending quality is improved.
Example 21: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the heat insulating structure for the above-described embodiment.
In the bending furnace 5, strip-shaped first protrusions 537 are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the trolley bearing platform 532 along the material conveying direction. Correspondingly, the bottom extension part 5223 is arranged at the bottom of the heating zone 522, the bottom extension part 5223 extends into the area between the trolley base 531 and the trolley bearing platform 532, the top of the bottom extension part 5223 is provided with a strip-shaped first groove 5224 (the strip-shaped first groove 5224 is arranged at the top of the bottom extension part 5223 in the bending furnace 5 along the material conveying direction), when the conveying trolley 53 enters the heating zone 522, the first protrusion 537 is just clamped into the first groove 5224, so that the heating zone 522 and the trolley bearing platform 532 form a relatively closed cavity, the heat loss in the heating zone is reduced, the energy consumption is saved, and the bending efficiency is improved.
Example 22: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the heat insulating structure for the above-described embodiment.
In the bending furnace 5, a second groove 5321 and a second protrusion 5322 are respectively arranged on two sides of the cart bearing platform 532 along the horizontal direction and perpendicular to the material conveying direction. When the transport cart 53 enters the heating zone 522, the second protrusion 5322 between two adjacent cart supports 532 is engaged in the second groove 5321, reducing heat loss from between two adjacent cart supports 532. Preferably, the cart bearing platform 532 is made of high-alumina refractory or zirconia corundum refractory, and has certain strength and heat resistance and heat insulation.
Example 23: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the exhaust structure for the above-described embodiment.
A first fan 539 is arranged on the trolley base 531 in the bending furnace 5, and the air inlet end of the first fan 539 is communicated with the bottom of the air exhaust groove 5323. First fan 539 is small-size fan, and job stabilization (convulsions wind pressure is stable), and when transport trolley 53 got into the zone of heating 522 in, first fan 539 work carried out the low power convulsions (according to the area of the glass piece of processing and the camber phase-match of curved surface on the mould), promoted exhaust effect between mould 535 and the glass piece.
Example 24: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the heat insulating structure for the above embodiment.
In the bending furnace 5, a heat insulation layer 5222 is arranged on the inner wall of the heating zone 522, and a heating element 5221 is arranged at the top part in the heating zone 522 and the bottom part of the heat insulation layer 5222; bottom extension parts 5223 are arranged at the bottoms of the two sides of the heating zone 522, and the two bottom extension parts 5223 are arranged along the horizontal direction and in opposite directions; the bottom extension 5223 extends into the area between the cart base 531 and the cart platform 532. The bottom of heating zone 522 is provided with the opening that is used for carrying dolly 53 to pass in and out, the top of carrying dolly 53 is mould 535, place the glass plain film on the mould 535, when the glass plain film moves to heating zone 522 in, because heating member 5221 provides the heating heat, make the glass plain film be heated and soften, and after sizing according to the shape that mould 535 provided, get into the cooling zone in roast curved stove 5, cool off the shaping, through setting up insulating layer 5222 and bottom extension 5223, thermal loss in heating zone 522 has been reduced, roast curved efficiency has been promoted, energy saving.
Example 25: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the groove structure for the above-described embodiment.
The width of the first grooves 5224 decreases from top to bottom in the bending furnace 5. The first groove 5224 is a structure with a large top and a small bottom, so that the first protrusions 537 (the width of which is gradually reduced from top to bottom) at the bottom of the trolley bearing platform 532 can be conveniently clamped in, friction damage is reduced, and the service life can be prolonged. Preferably, the insulating layer 5222 in the bending furnace 5 is a heat insulating brick. The heat-insulating brick is a high-alumina refractory brick or a zirconia corundum refractory brick, and the heat-insulating effect is improved.
Example 26: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the mold purge structure for the above-described embodiment.
A blowing mechanism 58 is arranged at the discharging position 57 and the feeding position 56 in the roasting furnace 5, and the blowing mechanism 58 comprises a first communicating pipe 581, a second communicating pipe 582, a third communicating pipe 583, a second fan 585 and a nozzle 586; one end of the first communication pipe 581 is closed, the other end is communicated with one end of the second communication pipe 582, the other end of the second communication pipe 582 is communicated with one end of a third communication pipe 583, and the other end of the third communication pipe 583 is communicated with the air outlet end of the second fan 585; first communication pipe 581 is located above transport stage 51, second communication pipe 582 is located outside transport stage 51, and third communication pipe 583 is located below transport stage 51; a plurality of nozzles 586 are provided on the bottom of the first communication pipe 581 and the side wall of the second communication pipe 582 on the side close to the transport stage 51, and the air injection ends of the nozzles 586 are directed to the upper surface of the transport stage 51.
When in work, the glass sheet is placed on the mould at the top of the conveying trolley 53, the conveying trolley 53 moves along the conveying bearing platform 51 on the bending furnace 5, and after passing through the preheating section, the high-temperature section and the cooling section in sequence, the glass sheet is moved to the discharge end, then the glass sheet bent at the top of the conveying trolley 53 is grabbed by the manipulator arranged at the discharge end, and then is blown through the blowing mechanism 58 in sequence, and during blowing, the second fan 585 operates to sequentially supply air flow into the third communicating pipe 583, the second communicating pipe 582, and the first communicating pipe 581, and spray the air flow onto the conveying plummer 51 through the nozzle 586, the top and the side of the conveying trolley 53 are cleaned by blowing, the dust and the small particles on the conveying trolley are blown out, the operation of cleaning the top mould of the conveying trolley 53 by blowing is realized, the cleanliness of the contact surface between the mold and the glass on the conveying trolley 53 can be improved, so that the quality of glass bending is improved.
Example 27: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, with the above embodiment, the present embodiment optimizes the air duct structure.
The purging mechanism 58 in the bending furnace 5 further comprises a fourth communicating pipe 584, the other side of the conveying bearing platform 51 far away from the second communicating pipe 582 is provided with the fourth communicating pipe 584, the air inlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is positioned above, and the air outlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is communicated with the air inlet end of the second fan 585. The air inlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is arranged on the other side of the conveying bearing table 51 relative to the second communicating pipe 582, so that when the air flow ejected by the nozzles 586 on the second communicating pipe 582 and the first communicating pipe 581 is blown to the conveying bearing table 51 or the conveying trolley 53, the air pressure in the air inlet end area of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is relatively large (the air flow is ejected by the nozzles to generate large air pressure), and the air flow is just right through the operation of the second fan 585, the positive pressure air flow in the area is pumped to the second fan 585 through the air inlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584, and the air flow is directly blown from the normal atmospheric pressure or the air flow space relative to the second fan 585, so that the energy consumption of the second fan 585 is saved, and the use effect of the device is improved.
Example 28: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, with the above embodiment, the present embodiment optimizes the wind scooping structure.
In the bending furnace 5, along the air intake direction of the fourth communicating pipe 584, the caliber of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is gradually reduced, and the caliber of the air intake end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is greater than the caliber of the third communicating pipe 583. The caliber of the air inlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is set to be larger, so that the air draft efficiency of the fan 585 can be improved as much as possible, and the energy consumption is reduced; simultaneously, set up great air inlet, also can realize, collect the processing to the raise dust that the mould sweeps the back production.
Example 29: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the filtering structure for the above-described embodiment.
A first filter 588 is provided in the bending furnace 5 at the feed end of the fan 585. The first filter 588 may be a filter screen or a dust collection cloth bag for filtering and purifying the air flow at the air inlet of the fan 585, so as to reduce the influence of the ejected air flow on the surface cleanliness of the mold. The bottom of the fourth communicating pipe 584 is provided with an ash collecting hopper 587, the ash collecting hopper 587 comprises an ash collecting hopper body 5871 and a discharge valve 5872, and the top of the ash collecting hopper body 5871 is communicated with the bottom of the fourth communicating pipe 584; a discharge valve 5872 is arranged at the bottom opening of the ash collecting hopper body 5872. Dust collection hopper 587 sets up in the bottom of fourth communicating pipe 584 for, after dust or tiny particle debris got into in the fourth communicating pipe 584, through colliding with the pipe wall or dead weight sink to dust collection hopper 587 in and collect, and dust collection hopper 587 is the recess setting for fourth communicating pipe 584, can reduce the steam flow with the carrying capacity of the interior dust of dust collection hopper 587, be convenient for regularly clear up dust debris simultaneously, promoted the whole cleanliness factor of workshop.
Example 30: as shown in fig. 13 to 20, the present embodiment optimizes the filtering structure for the above-described embodiment.
The second filtering piece 589 is arranged at the air outlet end of the fourth communicating pipe 584 in the bending furnace 5, the second filtering piece 589 is sequentially arranged in an inclined manner in the direction away from the fan 585 from top to bottom, and the bottom of the second filtering piece 589 is positioned above the ash collecting hopper 587. The second filters 589 can be the filter screen, and the area covered of filter screen covers the bore of whole fourth communicating pipe 584, realizes carrying out primary filtration to the air current in the fourth communicating pipe 584 to the debris after will holding back passes through the slope that the inclined plane formed and the gravity action of debris self, and automatic the collection that falls to in the ash collecting hopper 587 promotes the cleanliness of air current. Preferably, during the non-operation period of the device, the ash is removed by opening the discharge valve 5872. Preferably, the filtering precision of the first filtering member 588 is higher than that of the second filtering member 589, so that twice filtering and purification are realized in sequence, and the using effect of the device is improved.
Example 31: as shown in fig. 21-23, the automatic turnover conveying device for curved pieces comprises a PLC controller 10, a second turnover mechanism 66 and a rear conveying mechanism 67; the rear conveying mechanism 67 comprises a rear conveying belt 671 and a rear conveying driving motor 672, the rear conveying belt 671 is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the rear conveying driving motor 672 is in transmission connection with the rear conveying belt 671; a second turnover mechanism 66 is arranged beside the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671, and the second turnover mechanism 66 comprises a second turnover motor 661, a second rotating shaft 662, a second turnover frame 663 and a fourth suction cup 664; the axis of the second rotating shaft 662 is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the second overturning motor 661 is in transmission connection with the second rotating shaft 662; one end of the second turning frame 663 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the second rotating shaft 662, and a fourth sucking disc 664 is fixedly arranged on the second turning frame 663; the fourth suction cup 664, the rear conveying drive motor 672 and the second turnover motor 661 are electrically connected to an output control terminal of the PLC controller 10, respectively.
The second turning motor 661 can be a forward and backward rotation stepping motor or a rotation motor, and is used for controlling the turning and rotation operations of the second rotating shaft 662; the rear conveyor drive motor 672 may be a stepper motor for controlling the operation of the rear conveyor belt 671; the PLC controller 10 controls the on-off valve of the negative pressure air source pipeline of the fourth suction cup 664 at the same time, for controlling the adsorption operation of the fourth suction cup 664 to the material. During operation, the concave surface of a glass sheet is placed upwards on the fourth sucking disc 664, then the PLC 10 controls the fourth sucking disc 664 to work, the glass sheet on the fourth sucking disc is adsorbed, then the second overturning motor 661 is controlled to rotate forwards to drive the second rotating shaft 662 to rotate forwards for a certain angle, so that the second overturning frame 663 (the fourth sucking disc 664) is overturned to be placed at the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671, then the PLC 10 controls the fourth sucking disc 664 to work, the glass sheet grabbed by the fourth sucking disc is released at the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671, the PLC 10 controls the second overturning motor 661 to rotate backwards to drive the second rotating shaft 662 to rotate backwards to the initial position, so that the second overturning frame 663 (the fourth sucking disc 664) is overturned to the initial position to wait for the conveying of the next glass sheet; when the glass sheet is released at the feeding end of the rear conveyor belt 671, the PLC controller 10 outputs a control signal to operate the rear conveyor driving motor 672, so as to convey the glass sheet on the rear conveyor belt 671 (at this time, the convex surface of the glass sheet is upward, which reduces the contact area between the glass sheet and the belt surface of the rear conveyor belt 671, and actually, the edge end of the glass sheet is in contact friction with the conveyor belt) to the next cleaning process for cleaning.
Example 32: as shown in fig. 21 to 23, the present embodiment optimizes the lower head structure for the above-described embodiment.
A third lower top piece 673 is arranged below the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671 in the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism 6, the third lower top piece 673 comprises a third top block 6731 and a fifth lifting piece 6732, the fifth lifting piece 6732 is arranged below the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671 along the vertical direction, the telescopic end of the fifth lifting piece 6732 points upwards, and the third top block 6731 is arranged at the top of the telescopic end of the fifth lifting piece 6732; the fifth elevating member 6732 is electrically connected to an output control terminal of the PLC controller 10. The fifth lifting member 6732 may be a linear type telescopic cylinder or an electric telescopic rod for controlling the lifting of the third top block 6731.
During operation, after the second turnover mechanism 66 grabs the glass sheet, the PLC controller 10 controls the fifth lifting member 6732 to lift, the third top block 6731 is lifted, the upper portion of the third top block 6731 is higher than the height of the conveying belt surface of the rear conveying belt 671, then the PLC controller 10 controls the second turnover mechanism 66 to turn over, and the glass sheet is released onto the third top block 6731, then the PLC controller 10 controls the fifth lifting member 6732 to fall, the third top block 6731 falls below the upper conveying belt surface of the rear conveying belt 671, the glass sheet is placed on the conveying belt surface of the rear conveying belt 671, then the glass sheet is conveyed through the rear conveying belt, and the stability of turnover conveying of the glass sheet is improved.
Example 33: as shown in fig. 21-23, this embodiment optimizes the feed end configuration for the above embodiment.
The curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism 6 further comprises a front conveying mechanism 68, and the front conveying mechanism 68 comprises a front conveying guide rail 681, a front conveying slide block 682, a seventh lifting piece 683 and a fifth suction cup 684; a front conveying guide rail 681 is fixedly arranged above the second overturning frame 663 along the horizontal direction, a front conveying slide block 682 is arranged on the front conveying guide rail 681 in a sliding manner, a seventh lifting piece 683 is arranged on the conveying slide block 682, and the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece 683 points downwards along the vertical direction; a fifth suction cup 684 is provided below the telescopic end of the seventh lifting member 683; the seventh lifting member 683 and the fifth suction cup 684 are respectively electrically connected to an output control end of the PLC controller 10. The front conveying guide rail 681 and the front conveying slide block 682 can be realized by a chain wheel and chain driving mode or a ball screw mode, and the transverse movement of the front conveying slide block 682 is controlled by the PLC 10; during operation, the PLC 10 controls the front conveying slide block 682 to move to the upper side of the front conveying feeding table 61, then controls the seventh lifting member 683 to extend, lowers the fifth suction cup 684 to the upper side of the front conveying feeding table 61, then performs suction operation through the fifth suction cup 684 to grab the glass sheet, the PLC controller 10 controls the seventh lifting unit 683 to retract, and after the front conveying slide block 682 moves to the position above the second turnover mechanism 66, then the seventh lifting member 683 is controlled to extend, and after the fifth sucking disc 684 descends to the upper part of the fourth sucking disc 664, the glass sheet that the fifth sucking disc 684 snatched is released on fourth sucking disc 664, and later in proper order fifth sucking disc 684 rises, fourth sucking disc 664 adsorbs the glass sheet, preceding transport slider 682 removes, the upset of second tilting mechanism 66 to the feed end department, realizes the automatic feeding and the upset transport operation of glass sheet, has promoted the automation degree of operation of this device.
Example 34: as shown in fig. 21 to 23, the present embodiment optimizes the structure of the lower head member with respect to the above-described embodiment.
The third lower top member 673 in the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism 6 along the vertical direction further comprises a third fixed base 6733, a third upper bearing plate 6734 and a fifth upright column 6735; a third fixed base 6733 is fixedly arranged below the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671, a fifth lifting member 6732 is fixedly arranged on the third fixed base 6733, the top of the telescopic end of the fifth lifting member 6732 is fixedly connected with the bottom of a third upper bearing plate 6734, and a plurality of third top blocks 6731 are uniformly arranged on the top of the third upper bearing plate 6734; a plurality of fifth upright posts 6735 are uniformly arranged on the third fixed base 6733 by taking the fifth lifting member 6732 as the center, the bottom of the fifth upright posts 6735 is fixedly connected with the third fixed base 6733, and the top of the fifth upright posts 6735 penetrates through the third upper bearing plate 6734 and is connected with the same in a sliding manner. The fifth vertical column 6735 and the third upper bearing plate 6734 may be slidably coupled by a linear bearing. When the fifth lifting member 6732 is lifted, the stability of the third top block 6731 in the lifting process can be improved through the fifth upright column 6735, and the stability of the device in the using process is improved.
Example 35: as shown in fig. 21 to 23, the present embodiment optimizes the rectification structure for the above-described embodiment.
A second upper correcting member 674 is respectively arranged above two sides of the feeding end of the rear conveying belt 671 in the curved piece overturning conveying mechanism 6, and the second upper correcting member 674 comprises a sixth telescopic member 6741 and a third side baffle 6742; the telescopic ends of the sixth telescopic members 6741 are arranged along the horizontal direction and perpendicular to the conveying direction of the rear conveying belt 671, the telescopic ends of the two sixth telescopic members 6741 are oppositely arranged, and a third side barrier 6742 is fixedly arranged at the telescopic end of the sixth telescopic member 6741; the sixth telescopic member 6741 is electrically connected to an output control terminal of the PLC controller 10. The sixth telescopic member 6741 may be a linear telescopic cylinder or an electric telescopic rod, and controls the maximum telescopic distance thereof; when the fifth suction cup 684 releases the glass sheet onto the third ejector block 664, the two sixth expansion members 6741 are controlled to expand and contract simultaneously, the two ends of the glass sheet are squeezed, the relative position of the glass sheet is corrected, and the position of the glass sheet is relatively centered when the glass sheet falls onto the rear conveyer belt 671, so that the deviation of the glass sheet caused in the overturning process is reduced, and when the glass sheet falls onto the rear conveyer belt 671, the glass sheet is easy to separate from the conveyer belt due to the deviation of the center of the glass sheet, and the glass sheet is damaged.
Example 36: as shown in fig. 21 to 23, the present embodiment optimizes the automatic detection structure for the above-described embodiment.
An eighth sensor 685 is arranged below the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece 683 in the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism 6, and the eighth sensor 685 is electrically connected with a signal input end of the PLC 10. The eighth sensor 685 may be a photoelectric switch or a contact type position switch, and is configured to detect whether a glass sheet is adsorbed on the fifth suction cup 684, and transmit the detection information to the PLC controller 10 for receiving and processing, so that the PLC controller can control the operation of the corresponding component. Preferably, when the glass sheet sucked and gripped by the fifth suction cup 684 is concave upward (the height of the glass sheet increases from the center to the outside in sequence), the eighth sensor 685 may be disposed outside the fifth suction cup 684 at a height higher than the lowest position of the fifth suction cup 684, so that the gripping operation of the fifth suction cup 684 is not affected and the detection operation of the glass sheet can be realized.
Example 37: as shown in fig. 21 to 23, the automatic flat sheet gripping mechanism 9 includes a conveying platform 91, a second lower ejector 92, a gripping member 94, and a PLC controller 10; a grabbing piece 94 is arranged beside the discharge end of the conveying platform 91, and a sucking disc 941 is arranged at the grabbing end of the grabbing piece 94; the conveying platform 91 comprises a conveying belt 911 and a driving motor 912, and the driving end of the driving motor 912 is in transmission connection with the conveying belt 911; a lifting second lower jacking piece 92 is arranged below the discharge end of the conveying belt 911; the second lower jacking piece 92 comprises a second jacking block 921 and a third lifting piece 922, and the second jacking block 921 is fixedly arranged at the top of the telescopic end of the third lifting piece 922; the driving motor 912, the third lifting piece 922 and the grabbing piece 94 are respectively and electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC 10. The driving motor 912 can be a stepping motor, the third lifting member 922 can be a linear telescopic cylinder or an electric telescopic rod, and the grabbing member 94 is a high-freedom manipulator which is used for grabbing the glass blocks at the discharge end of the conveying belt 911 and then conveying the glass blocks to other working procedures; the PLC controller 10 is used to control the operation of the driving motor 912, the third lifting member 922 and the grasping member 94.
During work, glass blocks to be conveyed are placed on the conveying belt 911 to be conveyed to the discharging end, then the PLC 10 controls the third lifting piece 922 in the second lower ejection piece 92 to extend upwards, the second ejection piece 921 lifts the glass blocks and separates from the conveying belt 911, and then the PLC 10 controls the suction disc 941 in the grabbing piece 94 to suck and grab the glass blocks lifted by the second ejection piece 921 and convey the glass blocks to the next working procedure through the manipulator; after the grabbing piece 94 grabs the glass blocks, the PLC controller 10 controls the third lifting piece 922 to retract and descend, the second top block 921 also descends below the upper conveying belt surface of the conveying belt 911, after the conveying belt conveys the next glass block to the position, the PLC controller 10 controls the corresponding components to repeat the above steps, and the glass blocks on the conveying platform 91 are continuously conveyed to the next process by the manipulator for processing; the other working state is as follows: when the second top block 921 holds up the glass blocks to wait for grabbing, the conveyer belt 911 runs continuously to convey the following glass blocks continuously, after the glass plates on the second top block 921 are grabbed, the second top block 921 descends, and the next glass block is conveyed right above the second top block 921, so that the time for waiting materials is reduced (the glass blocks on the conveyer belt 911 are arranged at uniform intervals); the glass blocks after being cut are automatically and continuously conveyed and carried by the device, and the operation efficiency is improved.
Example 38: as shown in fig. 24 to 27, the present embodiment optimizes the lower head structure for the above-described embodiment.
The second lower top part 92 in the automatic flat sheet grabbing mechanism 9 further comprises a second fixing base 923, a fourth upright column 924 and a second upper bearing plate 925; a second fixing base 923 is fixedly arranged below the discharge end of the conveyer belt 911, a third lifting piece 922 is fixedly arranged on the second fixing base 923, a second upper bearing plate 925 is fixedly arranged on the top of the telescopic end of the third lifting piece 922 along the horizontal direction, and a second top block 921 is arranged on the second upper bearing plate 925; on second fixed base 923, use third lifter 922 evenly to set up a plurality of fourth stand 924 as the center, the bottom and the fixed base 923 fixed connection of second of fourth stand 924, the top of fourth stand 924 run through second upper bearing plate 925 and rather than sliding connection. The fourth column 924 and the second upper bearing plate 925 can be slidably connected by a linear bearing. When the third lifting piece 922 stretches out and draws back, the second upper bearing plate 925 lifts up and down along the fourth stand column, and the stability of the second top block 921 in the lifting process can be improved, so that the stability of the operation in the process of jacking the glass plate is improved, and the using effect of the device is improved. Preferably, the second top block 921 may be made of soft rubber, so that friction damage to the glass surface during the process of jacking the glass block by the second top block 921 can be reduced.
Example 39: as shown in fig. 24-27, this embodiment optimizes the upper orthotic structure for the above-described embodiments.
An upper correcting member 93 is arranged above the discharging end of the conveying platform 91 in the automatic flat sheet grabbing mechanism 9, and the upper correcting member 93 comprises a cross rod 931, a plurality of fourth telescopic members 932 and a plurality of second side baffles 933; a cross bar 931 is arranged above the conveyor belt 911, a fourth telescopic piece 932 is fixedly arranged on the cross bar 931, the telescopic end of the fourth telescopic piece 932 is arranged along the horizontal direction, a second side blocking body 933 is fixedly arranged at the telescopic end of the fourth telescopic piece 932, and the second side blocking body 933 points to the upper part of the second top block 921; the telescopic ends of the fourth telescopic parts 932 are oppositely arranged; the fourth telescopic element 932 is electrically connected to the output control end of the PLC controller 10. The fourth expansion element 932 may be a linear expansion cylinder, and the working pressure thereof may be adjusted to reduce the damage of the glass plate due to extrusion.
In operation, when the second lower ejector 92 rises, after the glass piece is held up, the PLC controller 10 outputs and controls the plurality of fourth expansion pieces 932 to extend simultaneously, the plurality of second side blocking bodies 933 move to the central area (the working area surrounded by the plurality of second side blocking bodies 933) simultaneously, the side of the glass plate on the second ejector 921 is pushed, the glass plate is stretched through the plurality of fourth expansion pieces 932 simultaneously, the position of the glass plate on the second ejector 921 is pushed and corrected, the correction is within the optimal working range of the grabbing piece 94, thereby reducing the deviation of the glass piece when the second ejector 921 holds up the glass piece, the grabbing effect of the grabbing piece 94 is influenced, and the use effect of the device is improved.
Example 40: as shown in fig. 24 to 27, the present embodiment optimizes the structure of detection with respect to the above-described embodiments.
A fifth sensor 951 and a sixth sensor 952 are sequentially arranged below the conveying belt 911 and along the material conveying direction in the automatic plain film grabbing mechanism 9; after the projection in the vertical direction, the sixth sensor 952 is located between the fourth telescopic member 932 near one side of the grasping member 94 and the second top block 921; after being projected in the vertical direction, the fifth sensor 951 is located away from the discharge end of the conveyor 911. The fifth sensor 951 can be an optoelectronic switch or an infrared sensor and is used for detecting whether a glass block exists on the conveying belt 911; and transmits the detection signal to the PLC controller 10 for receiving and processing, so that the PLC controller 10 can control the linkage operation of other components.
For example, when the sixth sensor 952 detects a glass block, the PLC controller outputs a signal to control the second top block 921 to ascend; when the fifth sensor 951 detects a glass block, the PLC controller 10 needs to determine whether the second top block 921 (the third lifting piece 922) is in a descending state, when the second top block 921 is in a non-descending state, the PLC controller 10 outputs control to stop the driving motor 912, the glass block is temporarily conveyed, and when the second top block 921 is in a descending working state, the PLC controller 10 controls the conveying belt 911 to continue to operate, so that the glass block is prevented from being conveyed below the second top block 921 in the ascending state, and when the second top block 921 descends, the glass block is damaged, and the using effect of the device is improved.
Example 41: as shown in fig. 24-27, the present embodiment optimizes the second side barrier structure for the above-described embodiments.
The second side-blocking body 933 in the automatic flat sheet grabbing mechanism 9 comprises a fixed frame 9331 and a roller 9332; a fixing frame 9331 is arranged at the telescopic end of the fourth telescopic piece 932, a roller 9332 is arranged on the fixing frame 9331, the roller 9332 is rotatably connected with the fixing frame 9331, and the rotating shaft of the roller 9332 is arranged along the vertical direction. When the second side blocking body 933 moves towards the central area (glass block), when the roller 9332 contacts and extrudes with the edge of the glass block, the friction force on the edge of the glass plate can be reduced through the sliding contact of the roller 9332 and the edge of the glass plate, the damage to the edge of the glass plate is reduced, and the use effect of the device is improved. Preferably, the roller surface of the roller 9332 is made of high-strength rubber, so that the friction damage to the edge of the glass block can be reduced while the roller surface has certain strength.
Example 42: as shown in fig. 24 to 27, the present embodiment optimizes the detection structure for the above-described embodiments.
In the automatic flat sheet grasping mechanism 9, a seventh sensor 953 is provided on a fixed frame 9331, and a detection end of the seventh sensor 953 is directed to a side away from a fourth extensible member 932 on which it is provided. Seventh sensor 953 is photoelectric switch or contact electric capacity position switch for detect second side keeps off the body 933 and contacts with the glass piece, after fourth extensible member 932 extended and seventh sensor 953 detected there is the glass piece, PLC controller 10 is the "absorption" work in the piece 94 of controlling again of grabbing carries out the operation of grabbing, "when the fourth extensible member 932 retracts, and after seventh sensor 953 detected not having the glass piece, PLC controller 10 is the" transport "operation in the piece 94 of controlling again of grabbing carries out the operation of grabbing for judge whether the sucking disc 941 in the piece 94 of grabbing grabs the glass piece, later the control carries out follow-up operation, the job stabilization nature of this device has been promoted.
Example 43: as shown in fig. 1-27, in combination with the above embodiments, the PLC controller 10 outputs and controls the operations of the corresponding components through the corresponding detecting elements, after the glass plates on the glass plate rack 100 are grabbed by the automatic feeding mechanism 1, the glass plates are conveyed to the automatic cutting table 2 for longitudinal and transverse cutting, then are sequentially broken transversely and longitudinally by the automatic sheet snapping mechanism 3, and then are broken into small glass plates, and after the glass plates are cleaned by the first cleaning mechanism 4, the glass plates are conveyed to the bending furnace 5 by the automatic flat sheet grabbing mechanism 9, and after the bending furnace 5 is used for bending the glass flat sheets into curved sheets, the curved sheets are discharged and turned over by the curved sheet turning conveying mechanism 6, and then are conveyed to the second cleaning mechanism 7 (which is far away from the first cleaning mechanism 4) for secondary cleaning, and then are discharged and packaged by the discharging conveyer belt 8, so as to complete the automatic processing of the curved sheets of glass, convenient high efficiency has promoted machining efficiency.

Claims (10)

1. Bent piece automatic processing system, its characterized in that: the materials are processed by an automatic feeding mechanism (1), an automatic cutting mechanism (2), an automatic sheet breaking mechanism (3) and a bending furnace (5) in sequence; the automatic feeding mechanism (1), the automatic cutting mechanism (2), the automatic sheet breaking mechanism (3) and the bending furnace (5) are respectively electrically connected with a PLC (programmable logic controller) controller (10); automatic feeding mechanism (1) includes: the device comprises a guide rail (11), a slide block (12), a bearing base (13), a conveying table (14) and a right overturning and grabbing mechanism (15); a slide block (12) which is connected with the guide rail in a sliding way is arranged on the guide rail (11), a bearing base (13) is fixedly arranged at the top of the slide block (12), and a right overturning and grabbing mechanism (15) which is used for grabbing materials on a glass plate rack (100) is arranged on the bearing base (13); the automatic cutting mechanism (2) comprises a cutting table (21) and an automatic cutting head (22), and the automatic cutting head (22) is arranged on the cutting table (21); the automatic sheet breaking mechanism (3) comprises a longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism (33), and the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism (33) comprises a feeding conveyer belt (331), a discharging conveyer belt (332), a feeding driving piece (333), a discharging driving piece (334), a lower ejecting piece (34), an upper pressing piece (35) and an end limiting piece (36); the discharging end of the feeding conveying belt (331) is close to the feeding end of the discharging conveying belt (332), the feeding driving piece (333) is in transmission connection with the feeding conveying belt (331), and the discharging driving piece (334) is in transmission connection with the discharging conveying belt (332); a lower ejector piece (34) is arranged between the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt (331) and the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt (332), and an upper pressing piece (35) is respectively arranged above the discharge end of the feeding conveyer belt (331) and above the feed end of the discharging conveyer belt (332); an end limiting piece (36) is arranged at the position, far away from the feeding end, of the discharging conveying belt (332); the bending furnace (5) comprises a conveying bearing platform (51), a furnace cavity (52), a conveying trolley (53) and a driving piece (55); a furnace cavity (52) is arranged on the conveying bearing table (51), and the furnace cavity (52) comprises a preheating zone (521), a heating zone (522) and a cooling zone (523) which are sequentially communicated; the preheating zone (521), the heating zone (522) and the cooling zone (523) are all shell structures with openings at the bottom; a heating member (5221) is provided in the heating zone (522); a discharge part (57) and a feed part (56) are arranged between the preheating zone (521) and the cooling zone (523); the driving piece (55) is in transmission connection with the conveying trolley (53) and drives the conveying trolley (53) to circularly move on the conveying bearing table (51) along the feeding part (56), the preheating area (521), the heating area (522), the cooling area (523) and the discharging part (57).
2. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: the right overturning and grabbing mechanism (15) comprises a right overturning frame (151), a right overturning driving piece (152) and a right grabbing mechanism (155); a right roll-over stand (151) is arranged above one end of the sliding block (12), and the bottom of the right roll-over stand (151) is hinged with the sliding block (12); a right overturning driving piece (152) is arranged on the bearing base (13), and the right overturning driving piece (152) is hinged with the right overturning frame (151); a plurality of right grabbing mechanisms (155) for grabbing the glass are arranged on one side of the right overturning frame (151) far away from the bearing base (13) side by side; the conveying table (14) is fixedly arranged above the bearing base (13), the conveying table (14) comprises conveying shafts (141), a transmission piece (142), upright columns (143), a conveying driving piece (144) and a roller set (145), a plurality of upright columns (143) are fixedly arranged at the top of the bearing base (13), a plurality of conveying shafts (141) are arranged at the tops of the upright columns (143) side by side along the direction parallel to the guide rail (11), and the plurality of conveying shafts (141) are respectively in transmission connection with the conveying driving piece (144) through the transmission piece (142); a plurality of roller groups (145) are uniformly arranged on the conveying shaft (141) along the axial direction of the conveying shaft; the conveying shaft (141) and the right grabbing mechanism (155) are arranged at intervals.
3. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: the conveying trolley (53) comprises a trolley base (531), a trolley bearing table (532), a connecting column (533), a lower roller (534) and a connecting block (536), the transmission end of a driving piece (55) is connected with the inner side of the trolley base (531) through the connecting block (536), the lower roller (534) is arranged at the bottom of the trolley base (531), the connecting column (533) is fixedly arranged on the trolley base (531), and the trolley bearing table (532) is fixedly arranged at the top of the connecting column (533) along the horizontal direction; the mold (535) is placed on a cart carrier (532).
4. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: the automatic sheet breaking mechanism (3) further comprises a transverse sheet breaking mechanism (31) and a reversing conveying piece (32), and the material conveying direction of the transverse sheet breaking mechanism (31) is perpendicular to the material conveying direction of the longitudinal sheet breaking mechanism (33); the reversing conveying piece (32) comprises a transverse conveying belt (321), a longitudinal conveying belt (322) and a reversing stop block (323); the transverse conveyor belts (321) and the longitudinal conveyor belts (322) are arranged in a staggered manner; the feeding end of the longitudinal conveyer belt (322) is communicated with the discharging end of the transverse sheet breaking-off mechanism (31), and the discharging end is communicated with the feeding end of the transverse conveyer belt (321); the discharge end of the transverse conveying belt (321) is communicated with the feed end of the feed conveying belt (331); a reversing stop block (323) is fixedly arranged on one side of the transverse conveying belt (321) far away from the discharge end of the longitudinal conveying belt (322).
5. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: a first cleaning mechanism (4) is arranged between the discharge end of the automatic sheet breaking mechanism (3) and the feed end of the bending furnace (5), and the first cleaning mechanism (4) comprises a water washing chamber (41), a drying chamber (42), a first cleaning conveyer belt (431), a second cleaning conveyer belt (432), a third cleaning conveyer belt (433), a fourth cleaning conveyer belt (434), a second nozzle (442), an overflow trough (451), a water storage tank (452) and a water pump (453); the first cleaning mechanism (4) is divided into a water cleaning chamber (41) and a drying chamber (42) along the conveying direction of the materials; the first cleaning conveyer belt (431), the second cleaning conveyer belt (432), the third cleaning conveyer belt (433) and the fourth cleaning conveyer belt (434) are communicated in sequence; an overflow trough (451) and a water storage tank (452) are arranged in the water washing chamber (41), and the overflow trough (451) is positioned above the water storage tank (452); the water inlet end of the water pump (453) is positioned at the bottom of the water storage tank (452), and the water outlet end of the water pump is positioned in the overflow tank (451); the second cleaning conveyer belt (432) is positioned in the overflow trough (451), and the upper conveyer belt surface of the second cleaning conveyer belt (432) is positioned below the liquid level in the overflow trough (451); a plurality of second nozzles (442) are respectively arranged in the drying chamber (42) and above and below the fourth cleaning conveyer belt (434), and the nozzle ends of the second nozzles (442) are directed to the fourth cleaning conveyer belt (434).
6. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: an automatic plain film grabbing mechanism (9) is arranged in front of the feeding end of the bending oven (5), and the automatic plain film grabbing mechanism (9) comprises a conveying platform (91), a second lower top piece (92), grabbing pieces (94) and a PLC (programmable logic controller) (10); a grabbing piece (94) is arranged beside the discharge end of the conveying platform (91), and a sucking disc (941) is arranged at the grabbing end of the grabbing piece (94); the conveying platform (91) comprises a conveying belt (911) and a driving motor (912), and the driving end of the driving motor (912) is in transmission connection with the conveying belt (911); a second lifting lower jacking piece (92) is arranged below the discharge end of the conveying belt (911); the second lower top piece (92) comprises a second top block (921) and a third lifting piece (922), and the top of the telescopic end of the third lifting piece (922) is fixedly provided with the second top block (921); the driving motor (912), the third lifting piece (922) and the grabbing piece (94) are respectively and electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC (10).
7. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: a curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism (6) is arranged behind the discharge end of the bending oven (5), and the curved piece overturning and conveying mechanism (6) comprises a second overturning mechanism (66), a rear conveying mechanism (67) and a front conveying mechanism (68); the rear conveying mechanism (67) comprises a rear conveying belt (671) and a rear conveying driving motor (672), the rear conveying belt (671) is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the rear conveying driving motor (672) is in transmission connection with the rear conveying belt (671); a second turnover mechanism (66) is arranged beside the feeding end of the rear conveying belt (671), and the second turnover mechanism (66) comprises a second turnover motor (661), a second rotating shaft (662), a second turnover frame (663) and a fourth suction cup (664); the axis of the second rotating shaft (662) is arranged along the horizontal direction, and the second overturning motor (661) is in transmission connection with the second rotating shaft (662); one end of the second overturning frame (663) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the second rotating shaft (662), and a fourth sucking disc (664) is fixedly arranged on the second overturning frame (663); the front conveying mechanism (68) comprises a front conveying guide rail (681), a front conveying slide block (682), a seventh lifting piece (683) and a fifth suction cup (684); a front conveying guide rail (681) is fixedly arranged above the second overturning frame (663) along the horizontal direction, a front conveying slide block (682) is arranged on the front conveying guide rail (681) in a sliding manner, a seventh lifting piece (683) is arranged on the conveying slide block (682), and the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece (683) points downwards along the vertical direction; a fifth suction cup (684) is arranged below the telescopic end of the seventh lifting piece (683); the fourth sucking disc (664), the rear conveying driving motor (672), the second overturning motor (661), the seventh lifting piece (683) and the fifth sucking disc (684) are respectively and electrically connected with an output control end of the PLC (10).
8. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 1, wherein: the lower head (34) includes a head block (341), a first lifter (342), and a first connecting rod (343); the bottom of the first connecting rod (343) is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of the first lifting piece (342), the top of the first connecting rod (343) is fixedly provided with a top block (341), and the top block (341) is horizontally arranged along the direction vertical to the material conveying direction; go up casting die (35) and include dead lever (351) and briquetting (352), dead lever (351) span in feeding conveyer belt (331) discharge end or ejection of compact conveyer belt (332) feed end's top, set up briquetting (352) on dead lever (351), briquetting (352) are close to its conveyer belt upper surface that sets up.
9. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 3, wherein: after projection is carried out along the vertical direction, the conveying bearing table (51) is in a track shape, and the heating area (522) is arranged on a straight line section in the middle of the conveying bearing table (51); a heat insulation layer (5222) is arranged on the inner wall of the heating zone (522), and a heating element (5221) is arranged at the top part in the heating zone (522) and the bottom part of the heat insulation layer (5222); bottom extension parts (5223) are arranged at the bottoms of two sides of the heating zone (522), and the two bottom extension parts (5223) are arranged along the horizontal direction and in opposite directions; the bottom extension (5223) extends into the region between the trolley base (531) and the trolley platform (532).
10. The automatic curved piece processing system according to claim 7, wherein: a second cleaning mechanism (7) and a blanking conveying belt (8) are sequentially arranged behind the discharge end of the bent piece overturning and conveying mechanism (6).
CN202021487286.8U 2020-07-24 2020-07-24 Automatic processing system for bent pieces Active CN212655697U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113386269A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-09-14 济南一刻数控科技有限公司 Five axle bridges of environment-friendly type cut lathe

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113386269A (en) * 2021-06-07 2021-09-14 济南一刻数控科技有限公司 Five axle bridges of environment-friendly type cut lathe

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