CN212629568U - Wild solen crassipes domestication device - Google Patents

Wild solen crassipes domestication device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212629568U
CN212629568U CN202020152863.1U CN202020152863U CN212629568U CN 212629568 U CN212629568 U CN 212629568U CN 202020152863 U CN202020152863 U CN 202020152863U CN 212629568 U CN212629568 U CN 212629568U
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China
Prior art keywords
tray support
solen
wild
hole
domestication
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CN202020152863.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
霍礼辉
王林
丁图强
李艳萍
闻海波
卢文轩
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Fuyang Fisheries Administration Bureau
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Fuyang Fisheries Administration Bureau
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A wild solen crassoides domestication device mainly comprises a floating body, a prolonging rope, a tray support, a netting, a crassoide hole, a back plate and a filling substrate, wherein a floating ball is hung on the tray support through the prolonging rope, the netting covers the tray support, the back plate is movably fixed on the back of the tray support, the wild solen crassoide domestication device is characterized in that the tray support is of a block-shaped, cone-shaped and/or table-shaped three-dimensional structure, the crassoide hole is a transparent oval hole with the depth of 20-40 cm, the long diameter of 3-6 cm and the length-diameter ratio of 1: 0.55-0.6, an included angle is formed between the vertical central line of the hole and the surface of a tray of the support, and the filling. The utility model discloses a can satisfy the livingness of the razor clam cave living in life, it is not high to have overcome traditional box with a net breed survival rate, and the pond coastal waters is dug a hole and is bred and adopt the problem of catching the difficulty. The utility model discloses a stable in structure, the fit range is wide, is convenient for use and promotes, helps the domestication of wild solenopsis clam to breed, provides sufficient solenopsis clam parent strain and commodity mussel.

Description

Wild solen crassipes domestication device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of fishery cultured equipment, especially, wild solen clam tames and breeds device.
Background
The razor clam is a fresh water bivalve shellfish which is peculiar to China, is commonly called clam, arca subcrenata, and the like, and is naturally distributed in five fresh water lakes, partial branches of Yangtze river, partial river reach of Huaihe river and rivers with better water quality. However, due to the influence of factors such as the damage of the inhabitation environment, the pollution of the water area, artificial cool fishing and the like, the water areas are only sporadically distributed in the partial areas of the Huaihe Fuyang section, the Poyang lake and the like at present.
The mussel meat of the razor clam is fresh and tender, delicious in taste and rich in nutrition, is a well-known fresh food in places such as Anhui Fuyang, Hubei Tianmen and the like, is vegetarian in the reputations of Huaihe abalone, has the market price of 30-40 yuan per egg before and after the Qingming festival, has the price of 8-10 yuan per egg in the common season and has higher economic value. At present, the parents of the razor clam and the commercial clam completely depend on natural fishing and are limited to limited natural resource amount, and the razor clam mainly lives in deep water caves with rapid water flow, so that the fishing is very difficult and the market is often short of supply.
Through retrieval, an article 'soloniella domestication and cultivation test' (23 st to 24 th in the 1 st stage of 2012 by Jiangxi aquatic science) published by the pre-summer sign and the like shows that the survival rate of wild soloniella is not high when the soloniella is cultivated in the net cage, the digging cultivation effect in the water area along the bank of the pond is good, but the labor intensity of the digging work is high. Practice also shows that the cavities excavated in the steep slope and mudflat water area are easily occupied by other organisms, and the cavities excavated in the gentle slope and mudflat water area are easily deposited by silt, so that the life of the cavities is influenced. The net cage which utilizes the bottom to coat the film and lays soil to tame the solenopsis invicta, the laying soil is too little, the living habit of the solenopsis invicta in cave can not be met, the escape problem is prominent, the laying soil is too much, the net cage is easy to sink into the underwater silt, and the survival rate is extremely low.
Disclosure of Invention
For the problem that provides among the above-mentioned background of the solution, the utility model provides a wild solenopsis invicta device fixes in ditch coastal waters or hangs and breed the solenopsis invicta in offshore waters to improve the survival rate of solenopsis invicta, reduce the cost of digging of solenopsis invicta.
In order to realize the above purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that: a wild solen crassoides domestication device mainly comprises a floating body, a extending rope, a tray support, a netting, a crassoide hole, a back plate and a filling matrix, wherein the floating body is hung on the tray support through the extending rope, the netting covers the tray support, the back plate is movably fixed on the back of the tray support, the wild solen crassoide domestication device is characterized in that the tray support is of a three-dimensional structure, the crassoide hole is a through oval hole, the length-diameter ratio is 1: 0.55-0.6, an included angle is formed between the center line of the hole and the surface of a tray of the support, and the filling matrix is cohesive particles.
Preferably, the floating body is a polyethylene foam solid barrel or a polyvinyl chloride hollow ball, and plays a role in providing buoyancy and marking a position.
Preferably, the tray support is a block-shaped, cone-shaped or table-shaped three-dimensional structure made of polyvinyl chloride hard materials, is stable in structure, is not prone to inclination, and can be suitable for different aquaculture water bodies.
Preferably, the netting is laid on the tray support, the mesh size is suitable for preventing the razor clam from escaping, meanwhile, the purpose of meeting the filtration and feeding requirements of the razor clam and preventing other organisms from occupying clam holes is achieved, and the netting with larger mesh size can be replaced or cleaned at any time.
Preferably, the back plate is movably fixed on the back of the tray support in a buckling or bolt mode so as to collect the razor clam.
Preferably, the mussel holes are through elliptical holes, the depth is 20-40 cm, the long diameter is 3-6 cm, and the length-diameter ratio is 1: 0.55-0.6, so that the special-shaped artificial clam is suitable for cultivating the solenopsis invicta mussels of different specifications, and the suitable mussel hole size is favorable for saving space and self-protection of the solenopsis invicta mussels.
Preferably, the vertical central line of the mussel cavity and the surface of the support tray form a certain included angle, and the inclined mussel cavity is beneficial to facilitating the entering and hiding and the exiting of the solen mussels for food filtering, and has the function of preventing sludge deposition and biological invasion.
Preferably, the matrix that fills in the mussel cave is bonding form stereoplasm earth granule, and stereoplasm earth stable in structure is difficult for taking place to collapse and earth runs off, and suitable solen clam expands the size of cave according to self growth, provides stable matrix for its life.
The utility model has the advantages that: the device for domesticating the solen crassipes can meet the living habit of the solen crassipes in the cave and can be expanded to the offshore water area for culture; the solenopsis olivaceus domestication device is fixed in the water area along the river channel, and can play a certain role in fixing slope of the river channel; the solen crassoides can filter algae, bacteria, organic debris and the like in water, and the purposes of purifying water quality and improving ecological environment are achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a third embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of the present invention;
reference numerals: 1. the artificial bait comprises a floating body, 2 parts of a lengthening rope, 3 parts of a tray support, 4 parts of a net sheet, 5 parts of mussel holes, 6 parts of a back plate, 7 parts of a filling matrix, 8 parts of a razor clam shell.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention better understood by those skilled in the art, the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 shows a first embodiment of the invention. As shown in the figure, the wild solenopsis invicta domestication device mainly comprises a floating body 1, a prolonging rope 2, a tray support 3, a netting 4, mussel holes 5, a back plate 6 and a filling matrix 7, wherein the tray support 3 is cuboid, the floating body 1 is hung on the tray support 3 through the prolonging rope 2, the netting 4 is laid on the tray support 3, and the back plate 6 is movably fixed on the back of the tray support 3. When the tray support is used, firstly, the tray support 3 with a proper size is selected according to a cultivation plan, and the back plate 6 is fixed by a buckle or a bolt; secondly, filling cohesive hard soil in the clam holes 5, digging a cave with the size consistent with that of the solenopsis invicta 8 by using bamboo poles, and putting the solenopsis invicta into the cave; thirdly, a netting 4 with a proper size is laid on the front surface of the tray bracket to cover the front surface of the tray bracket, and the floating body 1 is suspended; and finally, fixing the solenopsis teres domestication device in the water area along the river bank to domesticate and breed the wild solenopsis teres.
After the domestication is finished, the bottom of the razor clam cave is close to the back plate 6, soil in the clam cave 5 is less, the razor clam can be taken out easily, the razor clam can be harvested quickly and efficiently, and the fishing cost is greatly reduced.
Fig. 2 shows a second embodiment of the invention. As shown in the drawing, this embodiment differs from the first embodiment in that the pallet holder 3 is a cone. When in use, firstly, according to a domestication plan, a tray bracket 3 with a proper size is selected, and a back plate 6 is fixed by a buckle or a bolt; secondly, filling cohesive hard soil in the clam holes 5, digging a cave with the size consistent with that of the solenopsis invicta 8 by using bamboo poles, and putting the solenopsis invicta into the cave; thirdly, a proper netting 4 is paved and covered on the front surface of the tray bracket 3 to hang the floating body 1 ball; finally, a plurality of the domestication devices were connected in series in an offshore area with a rope to domesticate the solenopsis clam. The cone can be any cone shape such as any cone, a multi-surface cone and the like through practice.
Fig. 3 shows a modification of the second embodiment as a third embodiment of the present invention. As shown in the drawing, this embodiment is different from the second embodiment in that the tray support 3 is a table body. When in use, firstly, according to a domestication plan, a tray bracket 3 with a proper size is selected, and a back plate 6 is fixed by a buckle or a bolt; secondly, filling cohesive hard soil in the clam holes 5, digging a cave with the size consistent with that of the solenopsis invicta 8 by using bamboo poles, and putting the solenopsis invicta into the cave; thirdly, a proper netting 4 is paved on the front surface of the tray bracket 3 to cover the front surface, and the floating body 1 is suspended; finally, a plurality of the domestication devices were connected in series in an offshore area with a rope to domesticate the solenopsis clam. Practice shows that the frustum can be in any shape such as a circular frustum, a multi-surface frustum and the like.
While the principles and embodiments of the present invention have been described with reference to specific embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the principles of the invention, and the technical features can be combined in a suitable manner; these modifications, variations, combinations, or adaptations of the present invention as they come within the spirit and scope of the present invention will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The wild ranunculus ternatus pernici clam domesticating device is characterized in that the tray support (3) is a transparent oval hole, the length-diameter ratio is 1: 0.55-0.6, the vertical center line of the hole forms an included angle with the surface of the tray support (3), and the filling matrix (7) is bonding particles.
2. The device for domesticating wild solen crassipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the floating body (1) is a polyethylene foam solid barrel or a polyvinyl chloride hollow ball.
3. The device for domesticating wild solen crassipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the tray support (3) is a block-shaped, cone-shaped and/or table-shaped three-dimensional structure made of hard material of polyvinyl chloride.
4. The device for domesticating solen crassipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the backboard (6) is movably fixed on the back of the tray support in a buckling or bolt manner.
5. The device for domesticating wild solen oliveri as claimed in claim 1, wherein the depth of the oval mussel cavity (5) is 20-40 cm, and the length and diameter are 3-6 cm.
6. The device for domesticating solen crassipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the filling matrix (7) is cemented hard soil particles.
CN202020152863.1U 2020-02-07 2020-02-07 Wild solen crassipes domestication device Active CN212629568U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020152863.1U CN212629568U (en) 2020-02-07 2020-02-07 Wild solen crassipes domestication device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020152863.1U CN212629568U (en) 2020-02-07 2020-02-07 Wild solen crassipes domestication device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212629568U true CN212629568U (en) 2021-03-02

Family

ID=74767251

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020152863.1U Active CN212629568U (en) 2020-02-07 2020-02-07 Wild solen crassipes domestication device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212629568U (en)

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