CN212604740U - Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure - Google Patents

Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212604740U
CN212604740U CN202021462162.4U CN202021462162U CN212604740U CN 212604740 U CN212604740 U CN 212604740U CN 202021462162 U CN202021462162 U CN 202021462162U CN 212604740 U CN212604740 U CN 212604740U
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China
Prior art keywords
carriage
discharging
backup pad
car
annular limiting
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CN202021462162.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓文嵩
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Zhangping Shengxing Automobile Manufacturing Co ltd
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Zhangping Shengxing Automobile Manufacturing Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure, including setting up the discharge hopper in the dummy car carriage, the strip discharge gate has been seted up to dummy car carriage rear surface lower extreme, both ends all are provided with first backup pad about the lower surface of discharge hopper, just first backup pad set up in the strip discharge gate, about between both ends first backup pad the upper end frame be equipped with the conveyer belt, and the equidistance pastes and is equipped with a plurality of upset pieces on the conveyer belt, the conveyer belt periphery side is provided with the apron, both ends all are provided with and are used for spacing about the lower surface of dummy car hopper the locating part of apron; a cleaning component for cleaning the turnover sheet is arranged on the inner lower surface of the carriage of the unloading car, the cleaning component is positioned below the conveying belt, and the cleaning component is arranged on the inner side of the first supporting plate; the utility model discloses simple structure, the simple operation can be convenient for the carriage and carry out the ejection of compact effect of unloading.

Description

Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an unloading equipment field is assisted to the dummy car, especially a carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure.
Background
The dump truck is a vehicle for automatically unloading goods by hydraulic or mechanical lifting, and the loading carriage can automatically tip over for a certain angle to unload the goods, so that the unloading time and labor force are greatly saved, the transportation period is shortened, the production efficiency is improved, and the transportation cost is reduced, therefore, the dump truck is used as a commonly used special transportation vehicle.
When the common backward-tilting type dump truck unloads, one end of the container is lifted by a certain angle through the lifting device, so that the bulk materials slide down along the inner wall of the container under the action of self fluidity and gravity, and the aim of unloading is fulfilled. The conventional common dump truck container is of a rectangular structure, the problem that materials cannot automatically slide off frequently occurs in the actual unloading process, and at the moment, the lifting angle of the container can only be increased and the auxiliary unloading from a worker to the container can only be realized; in addition, in the prior art, when materials are loaded into the dump truck, the materials are unloaded through the lifting device, and in the actual unloading process, due to the fact that physical properties such as flowability and viscosity of different materials are different, and the friction force exists between the contact surfaces of the bottom plate of the cargo box and the inner walls of the side plates, the problem that the materials cannot automatically slide off frequently occurs, and at the moment, other good methods are not provided except for improving the lifting angle of the cargo box and assisting in unloading on the cargo box. The extreme lifting angle of most dump trucks is about 48 degrees, and the dump trucks cannot be lifted again after reaching the extreme lifting angle; when the manual assistance is unloaded, the personnel of unloading have danger equally to inefficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the utility model aims at providing a carriage of unloading from upset ejection of compact structure that can be convenient for the carriage carries out the effect of unloading.
The utility model discloses a following method realizes: the utility model provides a carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure, includes the discharge hopper that sets up in the dummy car carriage, its characterized in that: the lower end of the rear surface of the carriage of the discharging car is provided with a strip-shaped discharging port, the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the discharging hopper are respectively provided with a first supporting plate, the first supporting plates are arranged in the strip-shaped discharging port, a conveying belt is erected between the first supporting plates at the left end and the right end, a plurality of turnover sheets are attached to the conveying belt at equal distances, the periphery side of the conveying belt is provided with a baffle plate, and the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the discharging hopper are respectively provided with a limiting part; a cleaning component for cleaning the turnover sheet is arranged on the inner lower surface of the carriage of the unloading car, the cleaning component is positioned below the conveying belt, and the cleaning component is arranged on the inner side of the first supporting plate; it is provided with the second backup pad to control both ends first backup pad medial surface upper end, just the second backup pad with first backup pad sets up perpendicularly, the second backup pad upper surface is provided with the supporting shoe, erect between the second backup pad and support the skeleton, just support the skeleton and erect and arrange in the discharge hopper top, articulated on the supporting shoe be provided with support the skeleton cooperate and can carry out the inside arc in the opening that draws in with the material and draw in the board, the lateral wall lower extreme all articulates about in the dummy car carriage and is provided with first telescopic cylinder, just first telescopic cylinder end with the articulated setting in arc in the board bottom surface that draws in.
Further, clean subassembly includes round brush, shower head and scraper blade, both ends all are provided with the flexible cylinder of second about the stripper carriage lower surface, just the round brush erects on the telescopic link end of the flexible cylinder of second, stripper carriage lower surface is provided with the third backup pad, just the third backup pad with stripper carriage lower surface sets up perpendicularly, the upper surface equidistance of third backup pad is provided with a plurality ofly the shower head, the third backup pad set up in the rear of the flexible cylinder of second is controlled and is provided with between the first backup pad in both ends the scraper blade, just stripper carriage lower surface right-hand member is provided with and is used for the drive the driving motor that has the reducing gear box of scraper blade, driving motor sets up in the right side of the first backup pad of right-hand member, the scraper blade is located the rear of third backup pad.
Furthermore, a plurality of discharging holes are formed in the rear end of the inner lower surface of the discharging car compartment at equal intervals, a waste material cavity corresponding to the discharging holes is formed in the rear end of the inner lower surface of the discharging car compartment, a water outlet used for discharging waste water in the waste material cavity is formed in the rear end of the left side wall of the discharging car compartment, a sealing cover is arranged on the water outlet, and an openable cover plate corresponding to the waste material cavity is arranged on the rear surface of the discharging car compartment.
Further, the locating part includes first annular limiting plate and second annular limiting plate, just first annular limiting plate set up in the discharge gate outside of discharge hopper, second annular limiting plate set up in first annular limiting plate's the outside, the apron inlays to be established first annular limiting plate with between the second annular limiting plate, the brush has been laid to first annular limiting plate lower surface.
Furthermore, the supporting framework is composed of a plurality of arc-shaped plates with downward openings, and the arc-shaped plates are erected between the second supporting plates at the left end and the right end.
Furthermore, an inclined plate convenient for conveying materials into the discharge hopper is arranged between the inner front surface of the carriage of the discharge car and the upper surface of the discharge hopper.
Furthermore, the left side wall and the right side wall in the carriage of the unloading car are provided with limit grooves matched with the arc-shaped furling plates.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the utility model adds the discharging hopper and the conveying belt in the device, so that the materials are output out of the dump truck under the action of the discharging hopper and the conveying belt, thereby facilitating the better discharge of the materials from the dump truck, completing the discharge of the dump truck and avoiding manual assistance; the supporting framework and the arc-shaped furling plate are added in the device, so that the materials can be furled into the discharging hopper under the action of the arc-shaped furling plate, the materials are concentrated, the materials cannot remain in a carriage, and the subsequent conveying belt can better convey the materials; the device is additionally provided with the cleaning assembly, and the conveying belt and the turnover sheet can be cleaned under the action of the cleaning assembly; the turnover sheet is added in the device, so that the distance of the materials can be further conveniently when the materials are conveyed out of the carriage under the action of the turnover sheet, and the materials can be conveniently collected manually; the utility model discloses simple structure, the simple operation, what can be better unloads, and it is complete to unload, a large amount of manpower and materials that have reduced have improved work efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a side view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a rear view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view in the direction of a-a.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along the direction B-B.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the present invention provides an embodiment: a carriage unloading self-overturning discharging structure comprises a discharging hopper 2 arranged in a discharging car carriage 1, wherein a strip-shaped discharging hole 11 is formed in the lower end of the rear surface of the discharging car carriage 1, first supporting plates 21 are arranged at the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the discharging hopper 2, the first supporting plates 21 are arranged in the strip-shaped discharging hole 11, a conveying belt 22 is erected between the first supporting plates 21 at the left end and the right end, a plurality of turnover pieces 23 are attached to the conveying belt 22 at equal distances, a baffle plate 24 is arranged on the outer peripheral side of the conveying belt 22, and limiting parts 3 used for limiting the baffle plate 24 are arranged at the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the; the cleaning component 4 for cleaning the turnover sheet 23 is arranged on the inner lower surface of the carriage 1 of the unloading car, the cleaning component 4 is positioned below the conveyor belt 22, and the cleaning component 4 is arranged on the inner side of the first supporting plate 21; it is provided with second backup pad 5 to control first backup pad 21 medial surface upper end in both ends, just second backup pad 5 with first backup pad 21 sets up perpendicularly, 5 upper surfaces of second backup pad are provided with supporting shoe 51, erect support frame 52 between the second backup pad 5, just support frame 52 set up in discharge hopper 2 top, articulated on the supporting shoe 51 be provided with support frame 52 cooperate and can carry out the inside arc in the opening 53 that draws in with the material, the lateral wall lower extreme all articulates about in the dummy car carriage 1 and is provided with first telescopic cylinder 12, just first telescopic cylinder 12 terminal with the articulated setting in arc in the bottom surface of drawing in the board 53. Make in the material can get into discharge hopper 2 through supporting framework 52, rethread discharge hopper 2 places and conveys on conveyer belt 22, effect through upset piece 23, can be when conveying the material out of discharge carriage 1, give an outside power of material, make the material can be farther apart when conveying out discharge carriage 1, when the material is carried to the material level and is half of carriage level, open first telescopic cylinder 12, first telescopic cylinder 12 can drive arc furl plate 53 and inwards fold, thereby can concentrate the material, make the material can be better drop to in the discharge hopper 2, and can wash clear effect to upset piece 23 through cleaning assembly 4.
The material of the turning sheet 23 in the present invention is soft material, such as rubber sheet, but not limited thereto.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the cleaning assembly 4 includes a roller brush 41, a spray header 42 and a scraper 43, the left and right ends of the lower surface of the carriage 1 of the unloading vehicle are provided with second telescopic cylinders 44, the roller brush 41 is mounted on the end of a telescopic rod of the second telescopic cylinder 44, the lower surface of the carriage 1 of the unloading vehicle is provided with a third support plate 45, the third support plate 45 is perpendicular to the lower surface of the carriage 1 of the unloading vehicle, the upper surface of the third support plate 45 is provided with a plurality of spray headers 42 at equal intervals, the third support plate 45 is disposed behind the second telescopic cylinder 44, the scraper 43 is disposed between the first support plates 21 at the left and right ends, the right end of the lower surface of the carriage 1 of the unloading vehicle is provided with a driving motor 46 with a reduction gearbox for driving the scraper 43, the driving motor 46 is disposed at the right end of the first support plate 21, the scraper 43 is located behind the third support plate 45. Make the staff earlier through opening driving motor 46, driving motor 46 drives scraper blade 43 and rotates to suitable angle, makes scraper blade 43 strike off the material residue on the upset piece 23, strikes off the back, opens shower head 42, and shower head 42 can wash upset piece 23, just the utility model provides a spray jet of shower head 42 aligns with upset piece 23 for shower head 42 can carry out the cleaning action to upset piece 23, at last through opening second telescopic cylinder 44, and second telescopic cylinder 44 drives round brush 41 and rises, makes round brush 41 touch upset piece 23, thereby rotates the transmission through upset piece 23, can rub and drive round brush 41 and clean upset piece 23.
Please continue to refer to fig. 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the rear end of the inner lower surface of the carriage 1 of the discharging car has a plurality of discharging holes 6 equidistantly disposed, the rear end of the inner lower surface of the carriage 1 of the discharging car has a waste chamber 61 corresponding to the discharging holes 6, the rear end of the left side wall of the carriage 1 of the discharging car has a water outlet 62 for discharging the waste water in the waste chamber 61, the water outlet 62 is provided with a sealing cover (not shown), and the rear surface of the carriage 1 of the discharging car has an openable cover plate (not shown) corresponding to the waste chamber 61. Make after scraper blade 43 strikes off the residue on to upset piece 23, the material residue can get into waste chamber 61 through unloading hole 6 in, the staff can clear up the material residue through opening the apron that opens and shuts, the clearance back, shower head 42 washs upset piece 23 and conveyer belt 22, in the sewage material hole 6 gets into waste chamber 61 after the washing, sealed lid is opened to the rethread, waste water discharge waste chamber 61 through the effect of outlet 62.
Referring to fig. 2 and fig. 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the limiting member 3 includes a first annular limiting plate 31 and a second annular limiting plate 32, the first annular limiting plate 31 is disposed outside the discharge hole of the discharge hopper 2, the second annular limiting plate 32 is disposed outside the first annular limiting plate 31, the baffle 24 is embedded between the first annular limiting plate 31 and the second annular limiting plate 32, and a brush 33 is laid on a lower surface of the first annular limiting plate 31. The effect of making through first annular limiting plate 31 and second annular limiting plate 32 can carry out limiting displacement to enclosing baffle 24 for enclosing baffle 24 can be better fix, rethread brush 33's effect, when making can avoid carrying the material to conveyer belt 22 at discharge hopper 2, lead to the material to drop outside conveyer belt 22, play certain effect of sheltering from.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, the supporting frame 52 is composed of a plurality of arc plates 54 with downward openings, and the arc plates 54 are disposed between the second supporting plates 5 at the left and right ends. So that the material can fall into the discharging hopper 2 from between every two arc plates 54, and can be supported by the arc plates 54 when the arc furling plates 53 are furled.
Referring to fig. 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, an inclined plate 13 is disposed between the front surface of the discharging hopper 2 and the inner front surface of the carriage 1 of the discharging car for facilitating the transportation of the material into the discharging hopper 2. So that the material falling from the side can be collected into the discharge hopper 2 by the action of the inclined plate 13.
Referring to fig. 2, in an embodiment of the present invention, the left and right side walls of the carriage 1 of the unloading car are provided with limit grooves 7 matching with the arc-shaped furling plates 53. The effect of making through spacing groove 7, when the arc draws in the board 53 and does not draw in, the right-hand member that the arc drawn in the board 53 in can be spacing in spacing groove 7 to can be better when the material is put into dummy car carriage 1, can place the material of both sides on the arc draws in the board 53 in, the arc of being convenient for draws in the board 53 in when drawing in, can be better draw in the material and concentrate in.
The utility model discloses well driving motor, first telescopic cylinder, the telescopic cylinder of second, shower head and conveyer belt are prior art, and the technical personnel in the field have been can clearly understood, do not explain in detail here, just the utility model discloses what protect is that the carriage is unloaded from the structural feature of upset ejection of compact structure.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation: when the material conveying device is used, the arc-shaped furling plate is limited in the limiting groove, materials are conveyed into the discharging hopper under the action of the supporting framework, the discharging hopper conveys the materials onto the conveying belt, the materials are conveyed out of the self-discharging vehicle through the conveying belt, when the materials are conveyed to the position where the material level is half of the horizontal height of the carriage, the first telescopic cylinder is started, the first telescopic cylinder can drive the arc-shaped furling plate to fold inwards, so that the materials can be concentrated, the materials can better fall into the discharging hopper, the materials can be conveyed out of the carriage under the action of the turnover piece, the materials can be patted and conveyed, and the materials can be further separated when conveyed out of the carriage; open the flexible cylinder of second, the flexible cylinder of second drives the round brush and rises to with conveyer belt surface contact, because the conveying motion of conveyer belt can produce the friction with the round brush to drive the round brush motion, the round brush carries out cleaning action to the conveyer belt, opens the shower head, can wash upset piece through the shower head, and driving motor is opened to the rethread, and driving motor drives and adjusts the scraper blade to suitable angle, makes the scraper blade can scrape the collection with the material residue on the conveyer belt down.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and all the equivalent changes and modifications made according to the claims of the present invention should be covered by the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure, includes the discharge hopper that sets up in the dummy car carriage, its characterized in that: the lower end of the rear surface of the carriage of the discharging car is provided with a strip-shaped discharging port, the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the discharging hopper are respectively provided with a first supporting plate, the first supporting plates are arranged in the strip-shaped discharging port, a conveying belt is erected between the first supporting plates at the left end and the right end, a plurality of turnover sheets are attached to the conveying belt at equal distances, the periphery side of the conveying belt is provided with a baffle plate, and the left end and the right end of the lower surface of the discharging hopper are respectively provided with a limiting part; a cleaning component for cleaning the turnover sheet is arranged on the inner lower surface of the carriage of the unloading car, the cleaning component is positioned below the conveying belt, and the cleaning component is arranged on the inner side of the first supporting plate; it is provided with the second backup pad to control both ends first backup pad medial surface upper end, just the second backup pad with first backup pad sets up perpendicularly, the second backup pad upper surface is provided with the supporting shoe, erect between the second backup pad and support the skeleton, just support the skeleton and erect and arrange in the discharge hopper top, articulated on the supporting shoe be provided with support the skeleton cooperate and can carry out the inside arc in the opening that draws in with the material and draw in the board, the lateral wall lower extreme all articulates about in the dummy car carriage and is provided with first telescopic cylinder, just first telescopic cylinder end with the articulated setting in arc in the board bottom surface that draws in.
2. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: the cleaning assembly comprises a rolling brush, spray headers and a scraper blade, wherein second telescopic cylinders are arranged at the left end and the right end of the lower surface of a carriage of the unloading vehicle, the rolling brush is erected at the tail ends of telescopic rods of the second telescopic cylinders, a third supporting plate is arranged at the lower surface of the carriage of the unloading vehicle, the third supporting plate is perpendicular to the lower surface of the carriage of the unloading vehicle, a plurality of spray headers are arranged on the upper surface of the third supporting plate at equal intervals, the third supporting plate is arranged behind the second telescopic cylinders, the scraper blade is arranged between the first supporting plates at the left end and the right end of the carriage of the unloading vehicle, a driving motor used for driving the scraper blade and provided with a reduction gearbox is arranged at the right side of the first supporting plate at the right end.
3. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: the novel garbage truck is characterized in that a plurality of blanking holes are formed in the rear end of the inner lower surface of the carriage of the garbage truck at equal intervals, a waste material cavity corresponding to the blanking holes is formed in the rear end of the inner lower surface of the carriage of the garbage truck, a water outlet used for discharging waste water in the waste material cavity is formed in the rear end of the left side wall of the carriage of the garbage truck, a sealing cover is arranged on the water outlet, and an openable cover plate corresponding to the waste material cavity is arranged on the rear surface of the carriage of the garbage.
4. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: the locating part includes first annular limiting plate and second annular limiting plate, just first annular limiting plate set up in the discharge gate outside of discharge hopper, second annular limiting plate set up in the outside of first annular limiting plate, the apron inlays to be established first annular limiting plate with between the second annular limiting plate, the brush has been laid to first annular limiting plate lower surface.
5. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: the supporting framework is composed of a plurality of arc plates with downward openings, and the arc plates are erected between the second supporting plates at the left end and the right end.
6. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: an inclined plate convenient for conveying materials into the discharge hopper is arranged between the inner front surface of the carriage of the discharge car and the upper surface of the discharge hopper.
7. The car body discharging self-overturning discharging structure of claim 1, wherein: and the left side wall and the right side wall in the carriage of the unloading car are provided with limit grooves matched with the arc-shaped furling plates.
CN202021462162.4U 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure Active CN212604740U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021462162.4U CN212604740U (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021462162.4U CN212604740U (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212604740U true CN212604740U (en) 2021-02-26

Family

ID=74720188

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021462162.4U Active CN212604740U (en) 2020-07-22 2020-07-22 Carriage is unloaded from upset ejection of compact structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212604740U (en)

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