CN212561564U - Stock side slope support protective structure - Google Patents

Stock side slope support protective structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212561564U
CN212561564U CN202020743657.8U CN202020743657U CN212561564U CN 212561564 U CN212561564 U CN 212561564U CN 202020743657 U CN202020743657 U CN 202020743657U CN 212561564 U CN212561564 U CN 212561564U
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China
Prior art keywords
grouting
anchor rod
slope
layer
concrete
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CN202020743657.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郑华
何德生
何亮
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Chongqing Three Gorges Geological Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Chongqing Three Gorges Geological Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020743657.8U priority Critical patent/CN212561564U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/23Dune restoration or creation; Cliff stabilisation

Abstract

The application discloses stock side slope support protective structure, including the slope body, parallel and the interval is provided with stock grout structure everywhere or more than everywhere on the slope body, hangs between the stock grout structure from top to bottom and is equipped with flexible protection network. The utility model relates to an possess stock supporting construction, the mode of taking grout stabilizes the stock on the high slope, sets up one deck ground protection network simultaneously on the slope in the stock outside, through the grout stock with set up the protection network on the grout stock, jointly to the domatic protection of strutting of ground.

Description

Stock side slope support protective structure
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of geological engineering, particularly, relate to an anchor rod side slope support protective structure.
Background
The anchor bolt support is a reinforcing support mode adopted in surface engineering such as side slopes, rock-soil deep foundation pits and the like and underground chamber construction such as tunnels, stopes and the like. The method is characterized in that a pole column is made of metal pieces, wood pieces, polymer pieces or other materials, and is driven into a hole which is drilled in advance in an earth surface rock body or a rock body around a chamber, and the special structure of the head part and the pole body and a tail supporting plate are utilized, or the surrounding rock and a stable rock body are combined together by depending on the bonding action to generate a suspension effect, a combination beam effect and a reinforcing effect so as to achieve the purpose of supporting.
The anchor bolt support is characterized in that the mechanical state of surrounding rock is changed through anchor bolts in the surrounding rock, an integral and stable rock zone is formed around a roadway, and the aim of maintaining the stability of the roadway is fulfilled by utilizing the combined action of the anchor bolts and the surrounding rock.
At present, most of the anchor rod supporting structures are in a mode of directly driving anchor rods into the side slope main body, the anchoring structures arranged on the heads are too large, the using amount of material facilities is large, the anchoring structures are too complex and redundant, the slope is not flat enough, and the slope protection effect is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The main aim at of this application provides an stock side slope support protective structure to solve present problem.
In order to achieve the above object, the present application provides the following techniques:
a kind of anchor rod slope support protective structure, including the slope body, parallel and interval have anchor rod grouting structure of four or more than four on the slope body, hang and have flexible protective screening between the grouting structure of the upper and lower anchor rod; the anchor rod grouting structure comprises a funnel hole formed in the slope surface of the slope body, a grouting concrete solidification layer is arranged in the funnel hole, and the anchor rod is embedded in the grouting concrete solidification layer.
The utility model relates to an possess stock supporting construction, the mode of taking grout stabilizes the stock on the high slope, sets up one deck ground protection network simultaneously on the slope in the stock outside, through the grout stock with set up the protection network on the grout stock, jointly to the domatic protection of strutting of ground. Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, an anchor rod side slope support protection structure comprises a slope body, wherein anchor rod grouting structures are arranged on the slope body in parallel at intervals and at four or more positions, and a flexible protective net is hung between the upper anchor rod grouting structure and the lower anchor rod grouting structure. The anchor rod grouting structure is obliquely installed, holes are formed in the slope in advance, the anchor rod grouting structure is constructed and installed in a grouting mode, the anchor rod is fixed through grouting concrete, and the anchor rod grouting structure and the slope are combined into a whole. The left end of the anchor rod is provided with a hanging hole or a hook fixing piece, and a flexible protective net is hung on the hanging hole or the hook fixing piece.
As shown in the attached drawing 3, a formwork is built in the funnel hole in advance, after the anchor rod grouting structure is constructed and installed, grouting is carried out through the grouting position on the anchor rod grouting structure, a grouting pump or a pump truck is adopted, grouting enters the funnel hole from the anchor rod grouting structure, and a stable anchor rod can be poured after molding.
Furthermore, the top of the slope body is provided with a concrete traction block, and the top of the flexible protective net is fixedly poured on the concrete traction block. In order to fix the top of the flexible protective net and pull the whole weight, the concrete traction block is cast and formed on the formwork at the top of the slope body, and when the concrete traction block is cast, the top of the flexible protective net is cast and fixed on the concrete traction block.
Furthermore, the grouting concrete solidification layer is provided with an inner layer and an outer layer which are respectively cast by supporting a mold. And (4) building a supporting mold in the funnel hole, and naturally forming two layers after pouring.
Furthermore, an anchor rod sleeve is sleeved at the bottom of the funnel hole and is fixedly poured on the grouting concrete solidification layer. As shown in the attached drawing 3, during pouring, the anchor rod is replaced by a formwork support rod, the bottom of the anchor rod is sleeved with an anchor rod sleeve, after pouring and forming are completed, the formwork support rod is taken out, the anchor rod sleeve is poured and fixed on a grouting concrete solidification layer at the moment, the anchor rod is inserted into the anchor rod sleeve, the tail part of the anchor rod sleeve is in threaded connection with the anchor rod sleeve, and the anchor rod sleeve can be replaced and maintained at any.
Furthermore, the left part of the grouting concrete solidification layer is attached to the slope surface of the slope body, a concrete layer is paved on the outer side surface of the grouting concrete solidification layer, and the left part of the anchor rod penetrates through the concrete layer. And (3) similarly lapping the formwork supporting plates on the slope surface, forming and attaching the left part of the grouting concrete solidified layer to the slope surface of the slope body after grouting forming is finished, and then similarly erecting the formwork and pouring a concrete layer to be used as a covering sealing reinforcing layer.
Furthermore, the anchor rod is sleeved with a grouting platform which is sunk on the concrete layer, a grouting opening is formed in the grouting platform, and the grouting opening corresponds to the funnel hole. The method is characterized in that a settlement hole is formed in a concrete layer, a steel grouting platform with a grouting opening is installed by adopting sealing mortar, and a grouting concrete solidification layer can be constructed and manufactured through grouting of the grouting opening after formwork forming of the concrete layer is completed.
Compared with the prior art, this application can bring following technological effect:
1. the anchor rod is stabilized on a high slope in a grouting mode, a layer of rock soil protective net is erected on the slope outside the anchor rod, and the rock soil slope is supported and protected through the grouting anchor rod and the protective net erected on the grouting anchor rod;
2. the anchor rod construction is simple, and the grout of pouring can the shaping, adopts double-deck slope body protection.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, serve to provide a further understanding of the application and to enable other features, objects, and advantages of the application to be more apparent. The drawings and their description illustrate the embodiments of the invention and do not limit it. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view block diagram of the anchor of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the anchor sleeve in position;
in the figure: 1. anchor rod grout structure, 2, anchor rod, 3, grout mouth, 4, grout platform, 5, flexible protection network, 6, concrete layer, 7, concrete traction block, 8, grout concrete coagulation layer, 9, funnel hole, 10, anchor rod sleeve, 11, slope body.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only partial embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It should be understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances such that embodiments of the application described herein may be used. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
In this application, the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "middle", "vertical", "horizontal", "lateral", "longitudinal", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings. These terms are used primarily to better describe the present application and its embodiments, and are not used to limit the indicated devices, elements or components to a particular orientation or to be constructed and operated in a particular orientation.
Moreover, some of the above terms may be used to indicate other meanings besides the orientation or positional relationship, for example, the term "on" may also be used to indicate some kind of attachment or connection relationship in some cases. The specific meaning of these terms in this application will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
In addition, the term "plurality" shall mean two as well as more than two.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Example 1
The utility model provides an anchor rod side slope support protective structure, includes slope body 11, and slope body 11 is gone up the parallel and interval and is provided with anchor rod grout structure 1 everywhere or more than everywhere, hangs between upper and lower anchor rod grout structure 1 and is equipped with flexible protection network 5.
The utility model relates to an possess stock supporting construction, the mode of taking grout stabilizes the stock on the high slope, sets up one deck ground protection network simultaneously on the slope in the stock outside, through the grout stock with set up the protection network on the grout stock, jointly to the domatic protection of strutting of ground. Specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the anchor rod side slope support protection structure comprises a slope body 11, anchor rod grouting structures 1 at four or more positions are arranged on the slope body 11 in parallel at intervals, and a flexible protective net 5 is hung between the upper anchor rod grouting structure 1 and the lower anchor rod grouting structure 1. The anchor rod grouting structure 1 is obliquely installed, holes are formed in the slope body 11 in advance, the anchor rod grouting structure 1 is installed in a grouting mode in a construction mode, the anchor rod 2 is fixed through grouting concrete, and the anchor rod grouting structure 1 and the slope body 11 are combined into a whole. The left end of the anchor rod 2 is provided with a hanging hole or a hook fixing piece, and the flexible protective net 5 is hung on the hanging hole or the hook fixing piece.
Further, a concrete traction block 7 is arranged at the top of the slope body 11, and the top of the flexible protective net 5 is fixedly poured on the concrete traction block 7. In order to fix the top of the flexible protective net 5 and pull the whole weight, a formwork is erected at the top of the slope body 11 to form the concrete traction block 7 in a pouring mode, and during pouring, the top of the flexible protective net 5 is fixed on the concrete traction block 7 in a pouring mode.
Further, the anchor rod grouting structure 1 comprises a funnel hole 9 formed in the slope surface of the slope body 11, a grouting concrete solidification layer 8 is arranged in the funnel hole 9, and the anchor rod 2 is embedded in the grouting concrete solidification layer 8. As shown in the attached drawing 3, a formwork is built in the funnel hole 9 in advance, after the anchor rod grouting structure 1 is constructed and installed, grouting is performed through a grouting position on the anchor rod grouting structure 1, a grouting pump or a pump truck is adopted, grouting enters the funnel hole 9 from the anchor rod grouting structure 1, and the stable anchor rod 2 can be poured after forming.
Further, the grouting concrete solidification layer 8 is provided with an inner layer and an outer layer, and the inner layer and the outer layer are respectively formed by formwork erection and pouring. And (4) erecting a support mold in the funnel hole 9, and naturally forming two layers after pouring.
Further, an anchor rod sleeve 10 is sleeved at the bottom of the funnel hole 9, and the anchor rod sleeve 10 is poured and fixed on the grouting concrete solidification layer 8. As shown in the attached drawing 3, during pouring, the anchor rod 2 is replaced by a formwork support rod, the bottom of the anchor rod is sleeved with the anchor rod sleeve 10, after pouring and forming are completed, the formwork support rod is taken out, the anchor rod sleeve 10 is poured and fixed on the grouting concrete solidification layer 8 at the moment, the anchor rod 2 is inserted afterwards, the tail part of the anchor rod sleeve 10 is in threaded connection with the anchor rod, and the anchor rod sleeve can be replaced and maintained at any time.
Furthermore, the left part of the grouting concrete solidification layer 8 is attached to the slope surface of the slope body 11, a concrete layer 6 is paved on the outer side surface of the grouting concrete solidification layer, and the left part of the anchor rod 2 penetrates through the concrete layer 6. And (3) similarly lapping template supporting plates on the slope surface, forming the left part of the grouting concrete solidified layer 8 to be attached to the slope surface of the slope body 11 after grouting forming is finished, and then similarly erecting the template and pouring a concrete layer 6 to be used as a covering sealing reinforcing layer.
Furthermore, the anchor rod 2 is sleeved with a grouting platform 4 which is sunk on the concrete layer 6, the grouting platform 4 is provided with a grouting opening 3, and the grouting opening 3 corresponds to the funnel hole 9. A settlement hole is formed in the concrete layer 6, a steel grouting platform 4 with a grouting opening 3 is installed by adopting sealing mortar, and after the concrete layer 6 is formed by formwork erecting, grouting is carried out through the grouting opening 3, and a grouting concrete solidification layer 8 is constructed and manufactured.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present application and is not intended to limit the present application, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present application shall be included in the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (6)

1. A supporting and protecting structure of an anchor rod side slope comprises a slope body (11) and is characterized in that more than four anchor rod grouting structures (1) are arranged on the slope body (11) in parallel at intervals, and a flexible protective net (5) is hung between the upper anchor rod grouting structure and the lower anchor rod grouting structure (1); the anchor rod grouting structure (1) comprises a funnel hole (9) formed in the slope surface of a slope body (11), a grouting concrete solidification layer (8) is arranged in the funnel hole (9), and the anchor rod (2) is buried in the grouting concrete solidification layer (8).
2. The anchor rod side slope support protection structure according to claim 1, wherein a concrete traction block (7) is arranged at the top of the slope body (11), and the top of the flexible protective net (5) is fixed on the concrete traction block (7) in a pouring mode.
3. The anchor rod side slope support protection structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grouting concrete solidification layer (8) is provided with an inner layer and an outer layer, and the inner layer and the outer layer are respectively formed by formwork pouring.
4. The anchor rod side slope support protection structure as claimed in claim 3, wherein the anchor rod sleeve (10) is sleeved at the bottom of the funnel hole (9), and the anchor rod sleeve (10) is poured and fixed on the grouting concrete solidification layer (8).
5. The anchor rod side slope support protection structure as claimed in claim 4, wherein the left part of the grouting concrete solidified layer (8) is attached to the slope surface of the slope body (11), a concrete layer (6) is laid on the outer side surface of the grouting concrete solidified layer, and the left part of the anchor rod (2) penetrates through the concrete layer (6).
6. An anchor rod slope support protection structure as claimed in claim 5, wherein the anchor rod (2) is externally sleeved with a grouting platform (4) sunk on the concrete layer (6), the grouting platform (4) is provided with a grouting opening (3), and the grouting opening (3) corresponds to the funnel hole (9).
CN202020743657.8U 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Stock side slope support protective structure Active CN212561564U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020743657.8U CN212561564U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Stock side slope support protective structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020743657.8U CN212561564U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Stock side slope support protective structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212561564U true CN212561564U (en) 2021-02-19

Family

ID=74609790

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020743657.8U Active CN212561564U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Stock side slope support protective structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212561564U (en)

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