CN212518762U - Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry - Google Patents

Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212518762U
CN212518762U CN202021212679.8U CN202021212679U CN212518762U CN 212518762 U CN212518762 U CN 212518762U CN 202021212679 U CN202021212679 U CN 202021212679U CN 212518762 U CN212518762 U CN 212518762U
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China
Prior art keywords
capacitor
igbt
power module
assembly
fixed
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CN202021212679.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
米高祥
刘为群
丁勇
石祥建
周力民
刘力
张超
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
Changzhou NR Electric Power Electronics Co Ltd
State Grid Electric Power Research Institute
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
Changzhou NR Electric Power Electronics Co Ltd
State Grid Electric Power Research Institute
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Application filed by NR Electric Co Ltd, NR Engineering Co Ltd, Changzhou NR Electric Power Electronics Co Ltd, State Grid Electric Power Research Institute filed Critical NR Electric Co Ltd
Priority to CN202021212679.8U priority Critical patent/CN212518762U/en
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Abstract

The application discloses converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry, its characterized in that includes: a base plate; the cooling assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and comprises a radiator, and the radiator is symmetrical in structure; the capacitor assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and is arranged side by side with the cooling assembly; the IGBT assembly is fixed on the cooling assembly; the laminated busbar is used for connecting the IGBT assembly with the capacitor assembly electrically, wherein the capacitor assembly comprises a capacitor, the IGBT assembly comprises an IGBT, the number of the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar is even, and the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar are symmetrically arranged along the symmetrical plane of the radiator. The IGBT parallel connection device solves the problems of thermal coupling and current sharing of parallel connection IGBTs through symmetrical design, is simple and compact in structure, and can meet the requirements of high-power IGBT parallel connection application occasions.

Description

Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of power converters, in particular to a converter power module with symmetrical structure and electrical equipment.
Background
At present, in high-power electrical application occasions such as wind power, solar energy, energy storage, high-voltage frequency conversion and the like, because the development of the IGBT semiconductor device technology cannot meet the requirement of product capacity, the application of improving the system capacity through the IGBT parallel technology is more and more extensive. The IGBT parallel system has good reliability and economy only by ensuring good current sharing characteristic. In order to ensure uniform current, the parallel-connected IGBTs, the peripheral driving circuit, the direct-current supporting capacitor and the laminated busbar circuit should keep the same parameters as much as possible, and the working temperatures of the parallel-connected IGBTs should be the same as much as possible, so that the consistency of the electrical parameters and the heat dissipation conditions of the parallel-connected IGBTs, the peripheral components of the parallel-connected IGBTs, the electrical circuit and the heat dissipation conditions needs to be ensured during the design of the module.
Therefore, how to keep the electrical parameters and the operating temperature of the parallel IGBTs consistent becomes a technical problem to be solved urgently by the technical personnel in the field.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Based on this, this application provides a converter power module and electrical equipment of structure symmetry, and this module adopts symmetrical arrangement, compact structure, can set up the IGBT of even number and carry out the symmetry and set up, and the structure commonality is strong, and the modularization of being convenient for is assembled and is transported.
This user characteristic and advantage of the present disclosure will become apparent from the detailed description below or may be learned in part by practice of the present disclosure.
According to the application, a current transformer power module with symmetrical structure is provided, which is characterized by comprising:
a base plate;
the cooling assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and comprises a radiator, and the radiator is symmetrical in structure;
the capacitor assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and is arranged side by side with the cooling assembly;
the IGBT assembly is fixed on the radiator;
a laminated busbar for electrically connecting the IGBT assembly and the capacitor assembly,
the capacitor assembly comprises a capacitor, the IGBT assembly comprises an IGBT, the number of the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar is even, and the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar are symmetrically arranged along the symmetrical plane of the radiator.
According to some example embodiments, the cooling assembly further comprises: the fan is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate, and the air duct is connected with the fan and the radiator.
According to some exemplary embodiments, the heat sink comprises at least two fins constituting a cylindrical hollow module.
According to some example embodiments, the IGBT assembly further comprises a driving plate and an absorption capacitor, the driving plate and the absorption capacitor being fixed on the IGBT.
According to some example embodiments, the driving board and the absorption capacitor are even in number and symmetrically disposed along a symmetry plane of the heat sink.
According to some example embodiments, the capacitor assembly comprises a capacitor support plate fixed on the base plate for fixation of the capacitor.
According to some example embodiments, the heat sink is fixedly connected to the capacitor support plate.
According to some example embodiments, one end of the laminated busbar is fixed to the IGBT, and the other end of the laminated busbar is fixed to the capacitor.
According to some example embodiments, the fan comprises at least one of an axial fan and a centrifugal fan.
According to some example embodiments, the wind turbine comprises a single wind turbine and/or a plurality of wind turbines in series/parallel.
According to some example embodiments, the laminated busbar comprises a flat plate and/or a bent structure.
According to some example embodiments, the capacitor, the laminated busbar and the IGBT neutral line coincide.
According to the present application, there is provided an electrical device comprising the power unit of any of the above embodiments.
According to some exemplary embodiments, the power module with the symmetrical structure has completely the same electric loop parameters and heat dissipation conditions, so that the plurality of IGBTs are ensured to have good current sharing characteristics, and the operation reliability of the converter is improved.
According to some exemplary embodiments, the power module with the symmetrical structure has a compact structure and high heat dissipation efficiency, and can meet the requirements of high-power IGBT parallel application occasions.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without exceeding the protection scope of the present application.
Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application in a fixed manner.
Fig. 3 illustrates a left side view and a right side view of a power module according to an example embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 shows a schematic front view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present application. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
The technical solution of the present application will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application.
Referring to fig. 1, the structurally symmetric power module may include a base plate 100, a cooling assembly 200, an IGBT assembly 300, a capacitor assembly 400, and a laminated busbar 500. The cooling assembly 200 is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate 100; the capacitor assembly 400 is fixed on the surface of the base plate, and the capacitor assembly 400 is arranged side by side with the cooling assembly 200; the IGBT module 300 is fixed to the cooling module 200; the laminated busbar 500 is used for electrically connecting the IGBT component 300 and the capacitor component 200.
The capacitor assembly 400 includes a capacitor 420 and a capacitor support plate 410, the IGBT assembly 300 includes an IGBT310, a drive plate 330, and an absorption capacitor 320, and the cooling assembly 200 includes at least two fins 230, a fan 210, and a duct 220. The at least two fins 230 are symmetrically disposed.
The at least two cooling fins 230 are symmetrically arranged in a cylindrical structure, the number of the IGBTs 310, the capacitors 420 and the laminated busbar 500 is even, and the at least two cooling fins 230 are symmetrically arranged.
According to an example embodiment of the present application, the cooling assembly 200 may include at least two fins 230, a fan 210, and a duct 220. The fan 210 is fixed on the surface of the base plate 100, for example, the fan 210 may be fixed on the base plate 100 by screwing, and the air duct 220 connects the fan 210 and the at least two fins 230.
The capacitor assembly 400 may include a capacitor 420 and a capacitor support plate 410, wherein the capacitor support plate 410 is fixed on the bottom plate 100, for example, the capacitor support plate 410 may be fixed on the bottom plate 100 by clipping. The capacitor 420 is fixed on the capacitor support plate 410. The number of the capacitors 420 is even, the capacitors 420 are symmetrically disposed on the capacitor support plate 410, and the symmetry plane is the same as the symmetry plane of the at least two fins 230.
The capacitor support plate 410 is fixed on the bottom plate 100, and the at least two heat dissipation fins 230 are fixed on the capacitor support plate 410. The fan 210 is fixed on the bottom plate 100, and the air duct connects the fan 210 and the at least two fins 230.
The IGBT assembly 300 includes an IGBT310, a driving board 330, and a snubber capacitor 320. The number of the IGBTs 310, the number of the driving boards 330, and the number of the absorption capacitors 320 are even, and the IGBTs, the driving boards 330, and the absorption capacitors are symmetrically disposed on the at least two fins 230. The single-sided module includes at least one heat sink 230, the IGBT310 is fixed to the heat sink 230, for example, by screwing, and the driving board 330 and the absorption capacitor 320 are both fixed to the IGBT 310.
According to an example embodiment of the present application, the power module further includes a laminated busbar 500, the laminated busbar 500 is even in number and symmetrically disposed on two sides of the power module, and the symmetry plane is the same as the symmetry plane of the at least two fins 230. One end of the laminated busbar 500 is fixed to the capacitor support plate 410, and the other end is fixed to the IGBT 310.
The cooling assembly 200, the IGBT assembly 300, the capacitor assembly 400, and the laminated busbar 500 in the power module are all symmetrically disposed along the symmetry plane of the at least two fins 230, that is, the power module is symmetrical along the symmetry plane of the at least two fins 230.
According to an example embodiment of the present application, the laminated busbar 500 may be a flat plate or a bent structure. The laminated busbar 500 connected with the direct current terminal of the IGBT310 and the positive and negative terminal end surfaces of the capacitor 420 may have a flat plate structure with a pure plane design, or may be bent to realize connection between the direct current terminal of the IGBT310 and the positive and negative terminal end surfaces of the capacitor 420 in different planes.
According to the exemplary embodiment of the application, the radiating fin can adopt a common aluminum extruded radiating fin or a radiating fin of a heat pipe integrated process radiating substrate, and has a compact structure and a good radiating effect.
The fan can adopt an axial flow fan or a centrifugal fan. In order to achieve the heat dissipation effect, the fan can adopt a single fan or a series/parallel connection mode of a plurality of fans.
According to an example embodiment of the present application, the heat sink 230 has a base plate and a plurality of heat dissipation fins disposed on the base plate. The plurality of radiating fins are arranged in parallel along the air outlet direction of the fan, gaps are formed among the radiating fins, wind power loss is reduced to the maximum degree, and the radiating effect is improved.
According to some exemplary embodiments, the power modules with symmetrical structures enable the parallel high-power IGBTs to have completely the same electrical parameters and heat dissipation conditions, so that the parallel IGBTs are ensured to have good current sharing characteristics, and the operation reliability of the converter is improved;
according to some exemplary embodiments, one high-power IGBT is installed on each heat dissipation sheet, so that mutual thermal coupling of the high-power IGBTs in the working process is avoided, and the heat dissipation effect is obviously improved.
According to other exemplary embodiments, a plurality of ordinary power IGBTs are mounted on each heat sink, so that the structure is more compact without sacrificing heat dissipation performance. The application adopts the common aluminum extruded radiating fins to achieve the radiating effect of the radiating fins adopting the heat pipe integrated type in the existing common parallel design scheme. This application makes the structure compacter under the prerequisite that does not sacrifice heat dispersion.
Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application in a fixed manner.
Referring to fig. 2, the power module without the laminated busbar 500 is further shown to be fixed, the IGBT310 is fixed to the heat sink 230, and the driving board 330 is fixed to the IGBT 310.
The capacitor support plate 410 is fixed on the bottom plate 100, the capacitor support plate 410 has a plurality of mounting holes matched with the capacitors, and the capacitors 420 are clamped in the mounting holes of the capacitor support plate 410. The at least two fins 230 are fixed on the capacitor support plate 410, for example, by screwing.
Fig. 3 illustrates a left side view and a right side view of a power module according to an example embodiment of the present application.
Referring to fig. 3, the power module is a structure completely symmetrical left and right along a middle plane, in any half module of the symmetrical structure, according to the relative positions of the IGBT310 and the capacitor 420, the laminated busbar 500 connecting the direct current terminal of the IGBT310 and the positive and negative terminal end surfaces of the capacitor 420 may be designed in a pure plane, or the direct current terminals of the IGBT310 and the positive and negative terminal end surfaces of the capacitor 420 in different planes may be connected by bending. The polarity layout direction of the positive and negative terminals of the direct current capacitor is consistent with the loop current direction, the positive and negative plate currents of the laminated busbar 500 are shortest, and the plurality of capacitors 420 and the laminated busbar 500 are symmetrically arranged based on the central line of the direct current terminal of the IGBT310, so that the shortest design of the commutation path of the IGBT310 can be realized, and the stray inductance of the commutation loop of the IGBT310 is reduced.
According to the exemplary embodiment of the application, according to the heat dissipation requirement, the fan of the power module adopts a single axial flow fan or a centrifugal fan, the high-power-consumption converter module adopts a plurality of axial flow fans or centrifugal fans, and the heat dissipation requirement of the module is met through serial/parallel connection of the fans.
The outer contour of the radiating fin is of a cylindrical structure, and the radial section of the radiating fin is consistent in size. The radiating fins can adopt common aluminum profile radiating fins or radiating fins of a heat pipe integrated process radiating substrate.
According to the power module, at least two radiating fins with matched sizes are selected according to the heat dissipation requirement of the IGBT, and the radiating fins are assembled into the cylindrical module. And then selecting the type of the fan according to the heat dissipation requirement, and connecting the fan and the heat dissipation fins by an air duct to finish the installation of the cooling module.
After the cooling module is installed, the capacitor assembly is installed, the capacitor and the capacitor supporting plate are fixed, and then the capacitor supporting plate is fixed on the bottom plate; after the capacitor assembly is installed, the radiating fins and the capacitor supporting plate are fixed by bolts. And finally, fixing the IGBT assembly on the cooling assembly, and fixing the laminated busbar on the capacitor assembly and the IGBT assembly to complete the installation of the power module.
Fig. 4 shows a schematic front view of a power module according to an exemplary embodiment of the present application.
Referring to fig. 4, the power module has a bilaterally symmetrical structure, and the left side and the right side of the power module are respectively provided with an IGBT310, a driving plate 330, an absorption capacitor 320, a capacitor 420 and a laminated busbar 500.
According to an example embodiment of the present application, the fan 210, the air duct 220 and the heat dissipation fins 230 form a cooling assembly 200, the cooling assembly body structure is arranged in a left-right symmetry manner, and a middle plane of two identical heat dissipation fins 230 is a symmetry plane. The symmetrical structure solves the problems of thermal coupling and current sharing of the parallel IGBT, and has the advantages of simple and reasonable structure, low loop stray inductance, good parallel current sharing effect and high heat dissipation efficiency, and can meet the requirements of high-power IGBT parallel application occasions.
The foregoing detailed description of the embodiments of the present application has been presented to illustrate the principles and implementations of the present application, and the description of the embodiments is only intended to facilitate the understanding of the methods and their core concepts of the present application. Meanwhile, a person skilled in the art should, according to the idea of the present application, change or modify the embodiments and applications of the present application based on the scope of the present application. In view of the above, the description should not be taken as limiting the application.

Claims (14)

1. A current transformer power module with symmetrical structure is characterized by comprising:
a base plate;
the cooling assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and comprises a radiator, and the radiator is symmetrical in structure;
the capacitor assembly is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate and is arranged side by side with the cooling assembly;
the IGBT assembly is fixed on the radiator;
a laminated busbar for electrically connecting the IGBT assembly and the capacitor assembly,
the capacitor assembly comprises a capacitor, the IGBT assembly comprises an IGBT, the number of the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar is even, and the capacitor, the IGBT and the laminated busbar are symmetrically arranged along the symmetrical plane of the radiator.
2. The power module of claim 1, wherein the cooling assembly further comprises: the fan is fixed on the surface of the bottom plate, and the air duct is connected with the fan and the radiator.
3. The power module of claim 1, wherein the heat sink comprises at least two fins that form a cylindrical hollow module.
4. The power module of claim 1, wherein the IGBT assembly further comprises a drive plate and an absorption capacitor, the drive plate and the absorption capacitor being secured to the IGBT.
5. The power module as recited in claim 4 wherein said driver board and said absorption capacitors are an even number and are symmetrically disposed along a plane of symmetry of said heat sink.
6. The power module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the capacitor assembly includes a capacitor support plate fixed to the base plate for fixing the capacitor.
7. The power module as claimed in claim 6, wherein the heat sink is fixedly connected to the capacitor support plate.
8. The power module as claimed in claim 1, wherein one end of the laminated busbar is fixed to the IGBT, and the other end of the laminated busbar is fixed to the capacitor.
9. The power module of claim 3, wherein the at least two fins comprise at least one of a common aluminum extruded fin and a heat pipe integrated process heat sink substrate fin.
10. The power module of claim 2, wherein the fan comprises at least one of an axial fan and a centrifugal fan.
11. The power module of claim 10, wherein the fan comprises a single fan and/or a plurality of fans connected in series/parallel.
12. The power module according to claim 1, wherein the laminated busbar comprises a flat plate and/or a bent structure.
13. The power module as claimed in claim 1, wherein the capacitance, the laminated busbar and the IGBT bisector sections perpendicular to the vertical direction coincide.
14. An electrical apparatus, characterized in that it comprises a power module according to any one of claims 1-13.
CN202021212679.8U 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry Active CN212518762U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021212679.8U CN212518762U (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021212679.8U CN212518762U (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212518762U true CN212518762U (en) 2021-02-09

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021212679.8U Active CN212518762U (en) 2020-06-28 2020-06-28 Converter power module and electrical equipment of structural symmetry

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212518762U (en)

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