CN212506362U - Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles - Google Patents

Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212506362U
CN212506362U CN202020463801.2U CN202020463801U CN212506362U CN 212506362 U CN212506362 U CN 212506362U CN 202020463801 U CN202020463801 U CN 202020463801U CN 212506362 U CN212506362 U CN 212506362U
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China
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anchor
pile
piles
offshore
head
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CN202020463801.2U
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Inventor
何奔
吕娜
高鹏
孙杏建
王淡善
官春光
芮圣洁
罗金平
郇彩云
戚海峰
李炜
姜贞强
王滨
陈法波
王新峰
沈侃敏
张�杰
徐健
张纯永
董雪
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Powerchina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
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Powerchina Huadong Engineering Corp Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an use marine high pile cushion cap basis that anchor rope and oblique straight pile supported, including the concrete cushion cap, marine high pile cushion cap basis is equipped with the combination pile system of the upright rock-socketed pile more than three and the batter pile more than three, and the batter pile is cooperated in order to provide the anchor rope device of bearing capacity. The utility model discloses can utilize the steady pile platform that forms behind the straight pile construction, for the batter pile provides the support of construction period, the batter pile of being convenient for squeeze into and inlay the rock, adopt the anchor rope structure again, reduce the degree of depth of batter pile embedding basement rock, reduce the batter pile construction degree of difficulty, for the batter pile provides great withdrawal resistance, solved the difficult problem of high pile cap construction difficulty and the not enough bearing capacity of labour period in the shallow overburden basement geology simultaneously.

Description

Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a grouser basis and installation method, in particular to use marine high pile cap basis of anchor rope and oblique straight pile support.
Background
At present, China vigorously develops ocean economy, and large-scale engineering infrastructure construction is developed in the offshore field, wherein the large-scale engineering infrastructure construction comprises structures such as large-span bridges, wharfs, offshore oil platforms and offshore wind power. Among these structures, high pile cap is widely used. The high pile cap refers to a pile cap with the bottom surface above the surface of a foundation. The high-pile wharfs all belong to high-pile bearing platforms, the bearing platforms distribute loads on the high-pile wharfs to pile foundations, and the pile foundations transmit the loads to foundations. Because the high pile cap foundation can penetrate through the weak layer to reach a deeper bearing layer, the capability of bearing vertical load is very strong. The pile group foundation is generally arranged below the high pile cap. At present, 6 or 8 inclined pile foundations are commonly used for a high pile cap, and partial piles of the high pile cap can be pulled or pressed to achieve designed horizontal force resistance and overturning resistance.
In China, China: the upper part is mainly distributed with a sand layer or a clay layer, the lower part is bedrock, and the embedding depth of partial bedrock is shallow. In this case, the conventional batter pile cap may not be normally constructed due to instability of the batter pile structure during driving due to a certain angle when the conventional batter pile cap touches the surface of the foundation rock. Meanwhile, due to the shallow burying depth of the inclined piles, the uplift resistance provided by the inclined piles is obviously insufficient. Due to the reasons and the hidden dangers, the application of the traditional inclined pile high pile cap foundation in the shallow covering layer bedrock foundation is limited.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Based on above engineering background, the utility model aims to provide an use anchor rope to improve the marine high pile cap basis that resistance to plucking, oblique straight pile supported, solve the high pile cap construction difficulty in the shallow overburden rock-based geology and the not enough difficult problem of service period bearing capacity to the not enough of prior art.
Therefore, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an offshore high pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles comprises a concrete cap and is characterized in that the offshore high pile cap foundation is provided with a combined pile system of more than three upright rock-socketed piles and more than three inclined piles, and the inclined piles are matched to provide anchor cable devices with bearing capacity;
the inclined pile comprises an inclined steel pipe penetrating through a soil layer to the surface of the bedrock, and a drill hole is arranged on the bedrock along the inclined steel pipe; the anchor cable device is an expandable multilayer anchor cable and comprises an anchor cable, an outer anchor head and an inner anchor head, wherein the inner anchor head is of an expandable multilayer plate anchor head structure, the anchor cable device is placed along the direction of an inclined pile steel pipe, the multilayer structure of the inner anchor head enters a drilled hole and expands, the upper end of the anchor cable penetrates through a concrete bearing platform to be connected with the outer anchor head and fixed on the bearing platform, the inclined steel pipe and the drilled hole are filled with concrete, and the inclined steel pipe and the concrete in the drilled hole are connected into a whole.
Furthermore, the inner anchor head mainly comprises a connecting ring, a square rod body, an anchor point head, an anchor plate, a hinge, a connecting chain and a torsion spring; the anchor plate sets up to the multilayer, and each layer sets up four anchor plates around the square body of rod, and the lower extreme of anchor plate passes through the hinge and is articulated with the square body of rod, and the upper portion of anchor plate is connected through connecting chain and square body of rod, and hinge department sets up torsion spring, and this torsion spring can exert the moment of torsion and make the anchor plate open.
Furthermore, an anchor tip is arranged at the end part of the inner anchor head; the tail part of the inner anchor head is provided with a connecting ring which can be connected with an anchor cable.
Furthermore, the combined pile system is composed of four upright rock-socketed piles arranged in a rectangular mode and four inclined piles arranged in a rectangular mode, the inclined piles, the upright rock-socketed piles and connecting ends of the bearing platforms are arranged on the same circumference, the inclined piles and the upright rock-socketed piles are arranged at intervals and uniformly along the circumference, and concrete is poured for consolidation to form a unified whole.
Furthermore, the inclined piles are inclined outwards at a certain inclination angle and are arranged at an angle of 10-15 degrees with the vertical piles.
The utility model provides an use anchor rope to improve anti-pulling force, high pile cap basis that oblique straight pile supported, can utilize the steady pile platform that forms behind the straight pile construction, for the oblique pile provides the support of construction period, be convenient for squeeze into and the rock-socketed of oblique pile, adopt the anchor rope structure again, reduce the degree of depth of oblique pile embedding basement rock, reduce the oblique rock-socketed pile construction degree of difficulty, for the oblique pile provides great anti-pulling force, the high pile cap construction difficulty and the insufficient difficult problem of service period bearing capacity in the shallow overburden basement geology have been solved simultaneously.
The utility model discloses a high pile cap has following advantage: the inclined-straight combination provides a pile stabilizing platform for inclined pile construction through straight pile construction and rock embedding which are convenient for construction, and facilitates driving and rock embedding of inclined piles; compare in traditional batter pile cushion cap, it has better bearing performance, through jointly using straight pile and batter pile, provides compressive resistance and compressive resistance through straight pile, provides the resistance to plucking through the batter pile that adds the anchor rope, makes the whole bearing capacity of this structure higher, and the atress is more reasonable, more can be applicable to the more shallow engineering geological conditions of bedrock emergence.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is an overall schematic view of the high pile cap of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the high pile cap;
FIG. 3 is a view of the construction of an upright post;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an anchor-carrying batter pile;
FIG. 5 is a side enlarged view of the inner anchor head in a collapsed state;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the inner anchor head in a collapsed state;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged side view of the inner anchor head in the expanded state;
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the inner anchor head in an expanded state;
fig. 9 is a construction schematic diagram of a pile stabilizing platform when the inclined piles are driven.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1-9, the utility model discloses an use anchor rope to improve pull-out resistance, marine high pile cushion cap basis that oblique straight pile supported mainly includes concrete cushion cap 1, four upright rock-socketed piles 2, four batter piles 3 and the anchor rope device 4 that the cooperation batter pile provided the bearing capacity.
The concrete bearing platform 1 is generally a circular bearing platform, the upper parts of the 8 piles are inserted into the edge of the bearing platform, which is close to the outer side, and concrete is poured and consolidated to form a unified whole.
The upper parts of the 4 vertical rock-socketed piles 2 are connected to a bearing platform, the bottom parts of the 4 vertical rock-socketed piles are embedded into a rock mass, the vertical rock-socketed piles mainly comprise outer steel pipe piles 5, the wall thickness of the outer steel pipe piles is 28-40mm, concrete is poured inside the vertical rock-socketed piles after the steel reinforcement cages 6 are placed under the outer steel pipe piles, after the rock mass cannot be further driven into the vertical rock mass, a drilling machine is used for drilling holes, then the steel reinforcement cages 6 are placed, concrete is poured, core column concrete bodies 7 are formed on rock-socketed parts, and the core column concrete bodies 7 are used for cementing the piles 2 and the. The four vertical socketed piles 2 are arranged in a square shape, and the tops of the four vertical socketed piles are inserted into the outer edge of the concrete bearing platform 1.
The four inclined piles 3 are inclined outwards at a certain inclination angle and are arranged at an angle of 10-15 degrees with the 4 vertical piles. The inclined pile 3 is constructed after the vertical pile construction is finished, and the pile stabilizing platform provided by the vertical pile is used as a support to carry out the driving of the inclined pile and the rock-socketed construction. The inclined pile 3 also comprises an outer steel pipe pile 5, an inner steel reinforcement cage 6 and internally formed concrete 18, and the specific manufacturing method is similar to that of a straight pile.
The inclined piles 3 and the vertical rock-socketed piles 2 are arranged on the same circumference with the connecting ends of the bearing platform 1. In this embodiment, the oblique piles 3 and the vertical socketed piles 2 are circumferentially spaced and uniformly arranged.
The anchor cable device 4 matched with the batter pile to provide bearing capacity is an expandable multilayer anchor cable structure, the diameter of the expanded anchor cable structure is consistent with the outer diameter of the batter pile, and the anchor cable device can be placed into the bedrock along the inner side wall of the batter pile after the batter pile is driven into the bedrock and a drilling machine is used for continuously drilling into a certain depth along the inclination direction. The anchor cable mainly comprises an anchor cable 8, an outer anchor head 17 and an inner anchor head 9, wherein the anchor cable 8 is mainly made of high-strength deformed steel bars, the outer anchor head 17 is fixed at the top of a bearing platform 1, the anchor cable 8 penetrating through the bearing platform 1 is connected with the outer anchor head 17, the inner anchor head 9 is of an anchor head structure of a stretchable multi-layer plate and mainly comprises a connecting ring 14, a square rod body 13, an anchor tip 12, an anchor plate 10, a hinge 11, a connecting chain 16 and a torsion spring 15. The anchor plates 10 are arranged in multiple layers and hinged with a square rod body 13 through hinges 11, 4 anchor plates are in a conical state in a folded state, torsion springs 15 are arranged at the hinges, and connecting rings 14 are arranged at the head and tail parts of the inner anchors and can be connected with the anchor cables 8.
The anchor cable is installed as follows: after the inclined pile is driven into the bed rock surface, further drilling is carried out through a drilling machine, after hole cleaning is finished, before the inner anchor head 9 is lowered, the anchor plate 10 is unfastened, the tightened torsion spring 15 automatically applies torque to open the anchor plate, when the inner anchor head 9 is lowered, the anchor plate 10 is properly retracted in a self-adaptive mode through the elasticity of the torsion spring 15, after the inner anchor head 9 is placed into a drill hole, the inner anchor head is tightly propped against the wall of the drill hole through the elasticity of the torsion spring 15, and the inner anchor head is pushed to the deepest part of the drill hole; in addition, the end part of the inner anchor head is provided with an anchor tip 12, so that the anchor body can conveniently pierce into the soil; and then, lowering the reinforcement cage, grouting, and applying prestress to the anchor cable 8 through the outer anchor head after concrete pouring is finished and a certain age is reached to finish installation.
The utility model discloses the technique is tested at some offshore wind power engineering of Fujian, obtains effective application, has solved the high pile cap difficulty of being under construction and the not enough difficult problem of service period bearing capacity in the shallow overburden rock-based geology simultaneously.
Of course, the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and those skilled in the art can change, add or replace the above examples within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. An offshore high pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles comprises a concrete cap and is characterized in that the offshore high pile cap foundation is provided with a combined pile system of more than three upright rock-socketed piles and more than three inclined piles, and the inclined piles are matched to provide anchor cable devices with bearing capacity;
the inclined pile comprises an inclined steel pipe penetrating through a soil layer to the surface of the bedrock, and a drill hole is arranged on the bedrock along the inclined steel pipe; the anchor cable device is an expandable multilayer anchor cable and comprises an anchor cable, an outer anchor head and an inner anchor head, wherein the inner anchor head is of an expandable multilayer plate anchor head structure, the anchor cable device is placed along the direction of an inclined pile steel pipe, the multilayer structure of the inner anchor head enters a drilled hole and expands, the upper end of the anchor cable penetrates through a concrete bearing platform to be connected with the outer anchor head and fixed on the bearing platform, the inclined steel pipe and the drilled hole are filled with concrete, and the inclined steel pipe and the concrete in the drilled hole are connected into a whole.
2. The offshore high pile cap foundation using anchor cables and inclined straight piles for supporting as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner anchor head is mainly composed of a connection ring, a square rod body, an anchor point head, an anchor plate, a hinge, a connection chain and a torsion spring; the anchor plate sets up to the multilayer, and each layer sets up four anchor plates around the square body of rod, and the lower extreme of anchor plate passes through the hinge and is articulated with the square body of rod, and the upper portion of anchor plate is connected through connecting chain and square body of rod, and hinge department sets up torsion spring, and this torsion spring can exert the moment of torsion and make the anchor plate open.
3. The offshore high pile cap foundation using anchor lines and inclined straight piles for supporting as claimed in claim 1, wherein an anchor point is provided at an end of the inner anchor point; the tail part of the inner anchor head is provided with a connecting ring which can be connected with an anchor cable.
4. The offshore high pile cap foundation of claim 1, wherein the combination pile system comprises four upright rock-socketed piles arranged in a rectangular shape and four inclined piles arranged in a rectangular shape, the connecting ends of the inclined piles and the upright rock-socketed piles and the cap are arranged on the same circumference, the inclined piles and the upright rock-socketed piles are uniformly arranged at intervals along the circumference, and the inclined piles and the upright rock-socketed piles are concreted to form a unified whole body.
5. An offshore high pile cap foundation using anchor lines and inclined straight piles for supporting, as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inclined piles are inclined outwardly at an inclination angle of 10 ° to 15 ° to the straight piles.
CN202020463801.2U 2020-04-02 2020-04-02 Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles Active CN212506362U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020463801.2U CN212506362U (en) 2020-04-02 2020-04-02 Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020463801.2U CN212506362U (en) 2020-04-02 2020-04-02 Offshore high-rise pile cap foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111364494A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-07-03 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Offshore high-pile bearing platform foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles and construction method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111364494A (en) * 2020-04-02 2020-07-03 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Offshore high-pile bearing platform foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles and construction method thereof
CN111364494B (en) * 2020-04-02 2021-09-14 中国电建集团华东勘测设计研究院有限公司 Offshore high-pile bearing platform foundation supported by anchor cables and inclined straight piles and construction method thereof

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