CN212443580U - Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment - Google Patents

Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212443580U
CN212443580U CN202020742621.8U CN202020742621U CN212443580U CN 212443580 U CN212443580 U CN 212443580U CN 202020742621 U CN202020742621 U CN 202020742621U CN 212443580 U CN212443580 U CN 212443580U
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clamping
cutting
worm
brush
automatic
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姚远山
肖德金
沈德方
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Haldex Vehicle Products Suzhou Co Ltd
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Haldex Vehicle Products Suzhou Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment mainly includes: the workpiece clamping device comprises a rack, a workbench, a clamping mechanism, an angle recognition mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a feeding mechanism, wherein the workbench is arranged in the middle of the rack, the clamping mechanism is arranged on the workbench and used for clamping workpieces, the feeding mechanism is arranged above the clamping mechanism, the cutting mechanism is arranged at the feeding mechanism and can move up and down along the feeding mechanism, and the angle recognition mechanism is arranged on one side of the clamping mechanism. In this way, the utility model discloses can solve the problem that current burring technique positioning accuracy is poor, machining efficiency is low.

Description

Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automobile parts field especially relates to a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment.
Background
The worm is one of the core parts of the automatic clearance adjusting arm (figure 1), and a plurality of important parts such as an excircle, worm teeth and the like are arranged on the worm and play a role in matching and adjusting in the automatic clearance adjusting arm. The worm is of a spiral structure, uneven sharp-angled burrs between the spiral of the worm gear and the end face must be removed after turning, and the initial position and the final position of the burrs need to be determined through the spiral face during removal. At present, the conventional deburring technology is as follows: 1. inserting a mechanical structure into the spiral teeth, rotating the worm until the position is limited, manually determining the position of burrs, and removing the burrs; 2. and identifying the position of the burr by using a photoelectric sensor, and then cutting.
The prior art mainly has the following problems: 1. the clamping and positioning mode of the technology 1 is complex, the labor intensity of manual operation is high, and the clamping efficiency is low during automatic application; 2. in the technology 2, the positioning precision of the photoelectric sensor is easily influenced by the environment and needs to be cleaned frequently, so that the positioning is prevented from being influenced by scrap iron and the like; 3. the general mechanism of conventional burring device is simple and easy, can not effectively carry out iron fillings protection and collection, and the processing environment is relatively poor, still can influence the work piece location, causes to get rid of the quality unstability.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses the main technical problem who solves provides a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment, can solve current burring technique positioning accuracy poor, problem that machining efficiency is low.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme be: the utility model provides a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment mainly includes: the workpiece clamping device comprises a rack, a workbench, a clamping mechanism, an angle recognition mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a feeding mechanism, wherein the workbench is arranged in the middle of the rack, the clamping mechanism is arranged on the workbench and used for clamping workpieces, the feeding mechanism is arranged above the clamping mechanism, the cutting mechanism is arranged at the feeding mechanism and can move up and down along the feeding mechanism, and the angle recognition mechanism is arranged on one side of the clamping mechanism.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the clamping mechanism includes: the clamping device comprises a clamping sleeve, a clamping chuck, a mounting plate, a coupler and a servo motor A, wherein the clamping chuck is mounted on the mounting plate, the clamping sleeve is arranged on the inner side of the clamping chuck, the servo motor A is arranged below the mounting plate, and the servo motor A is connected with the clamping chuck through the coupler.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the angle recognition mechanism includes: the device comprises a mounting seat, a horizontal cylinder, a cover plate, a horizontal sliding rail, a U-shaped positioning block and a probe, wherein the horizontal sliding rail is arranged at the top of the mounting seat, one side, away from a clamping mechanism, of the horizontal sliding rail is provided with the horizontal cylinder for pushing the horizontal sliding rail to move, the U-shaped positioning block is arranged on one side, close to the clamping mechanism, of the horizontal sliding rail, the probe is close to the U-shaped positioning block, one end of the probe is connected with a displacement sensor, and the cover plate is arranged on the.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cutting mechanism includes: the cutting machine comprises a supporting plate, a cutting motor, an angle block, a center adjusting block and a cutter head, wherein the cutting motor is fixed on the supporting plate, the cutter head is connected to a main shaft of the cutting motor, the angle block is arranged between the cutting motor and the supporting plate, and the center adjusting block is arranged at the position of the angle block.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the feeding mechanism mainly includes: feed mounting panel, slide rail, lead screw, servo motor B, slide mount pad and bearing, the slide rail is fixed in and feeds the mounting panel, the lead screw is on a parallel with the slide rail setting, the both ends of lead screw all are provided with the bearing, and the lead screw passes through coupling joint in servo motor B, slide rail department is provided with the slide mount pad that can follow the slide rail and remove, the slide mount pad is connected in the sliding block of lead screw department, cutting mechanism is fixed in the slide mount pad.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a protective cover is disposed outside the clamping mechanism, and the protective cover includes: the inner cover is arranged on the inner side of the outer cover, and a piston rod of the shield cylinder is connected with the inner cover and can push the inner cover to move up and down.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a slide is disposed at the working platform in the protective cover.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a collection box is disposed below the worktable corresponding to the slide way.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the corresponding part of the clamping mechanism is provided with a brush mechanism.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the brush mechanism includes: the rotary air cylinder, the rotating shaft, the brush fixing seat and the brush are fixed on the rotating shaft of the rotary air cylinder, the brush fixing seat is arranged above the rotating shaft and connected to the rotating shaft, and the brush is arranged at a position, corresponding to a workpiece, on one side of the brush fixing seat.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. the automatic deburring method is adopted, so that the precision and the efficiency are high;
2. a high-precision contact type displacement sensor is adopted to realize the efficient and accurate identification of the burr processing position;
3. a special shield and a collecting device are designed to realize the protection of the clamping mechanism and the effective collection of scrap iron;
4. the automatic deburring machine is convenient to clamp and position, can automatically clamp and rotate to determine the starting and stopping directions of burrs after a workpiece is placed in the automatic deburring machine, processes the workpiece, and can realize full-automatic deburring production by being matched with clamping of a manipulator.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a worm in a conventional automatic gap adjustment arm;
fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the automatic worm burr identifying and removing device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the clamping mechanism;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the angle recognition mechanism;
FIG. 5 is a schematic working diagram of the clamping mechanism and the angle recognition mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of the cutting mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the feed mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the shield;
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of the brush arrangement;
FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the central adjustment block portion;
the parts in the drawings are numbered as follows: 1. a frame, 2, a clamping mechanism, 3, an angle recognition mechanism, 4, a cutting mechanism, 5, a feeding mechanism, 6, a shield, 7, a brush mechanism, 8, a collection box, 9, a workpiece, 201, a jacket, 202, a chuck, 203, a mounting plate, 204, a coupling, 205, a servo motor A, 301, a mounting seat, 302, a horizontal cylinder, 303, a cover plate, 304, a horizontal slide rail, 305, a U-shaped positioning block, 306, a probe, 307, a displacement sensor, 401, a cutting motor, 402, a support plate, 403, an angle block, 404, a center adjusting block, 405, a cutter head, 406, a cutter head shield, 407, a limit screw, 501, a servo motor B, 502, a coupling, 503, an upper bearing, 504, a screw rod, 505, a slide rail, 506, a lower bearing, 507, a mounting seat, 508, a feeding slide seat, 509, a slide block, 601, a chuck shield, 602, an inner cover, 603, an outer cover, 604, The device comprises a slideway, 605, a shield cylinder, 701, a rotating cylinder, 702, a rotating shaft, 703, a brush fixing seat, 704 and a brush.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, so as to enable those skilled in the art to more easily understand the advantages and features of the present invention, and thereby define the scope of the invention more clearly and clearly.
Referring to fig. 2, an embodiment of the present invention includes:
the utility model provides a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment, mainly includes: the automatic cutting machine comprises a frame 1, a workbench, a clamping mechanism 2, an angle recognition mechanism 3, a cutting mechanism 4 and a feeding mechanism 5, wherein the workbench is arranged in the middle of the frame 1, the clamping mechanism 2 is arranged on the workbench and used for clamping a workpiece 9, the feeding mechanism 5 is arranged above the clamping mechanism 2, the cutting mechanism 4 is arranged at the feeding mechanism 5 and can move up and down along the feeding mechanism 5, and the angle recognition mechanism 3 is arranged on one side of the clamping mechanism 2.
As shown in fig. 3, the three-dimensional structure of the fixture 2 is schematically illustrated, and the fixture 2 includes: jacket 201, chuck 202, mounting panel 203, shaft coupling 204 and servo motor A205, the mounting panel 203 is fixed in the workstation, chuck 202 is installed on mounting panel 203, is provided with the sleeve between chuck 202 and the mounting panel 203, it is used for pressing from both sides tight work piece 9 to set up in the inboard of chuck 202 to press from both sides cover 201, servo motor A205 sets up in the below of mounting panel 203, is connected through shaft coupling 204 between servo motor A205 and the chuck 202, and servo motor A205 is connected to the one end of shaft coupling 204, and work piece 9 is connected to the other end for when servo motor A205 rotates, work piece 9 can follow the rotation.
As shown in fig. 4, the angle recognition mechanism 3 is a schematic perspective view, and the angle recognition mechanism 3 includes: mount pad 301, horizontal cylinder 302, apron 303, horizontal slide rail 304, U type locating piece 305 and probe 306, mount pad 301 installs in frame 1, horizontal slide rail 304 sets up in mount pad 301 top, one side that horizontal slide rail 304 kept away from clamping mechanism 2 is provided with horizontal cylinder 302 and is used for promoting horizontal slide rail 304 lateral shifting, U type locating piece 305 sets up in the one side that is close to clamping mechanism 2 on horizontal slide rail 304, probe 306 is close to U type locating piece 305 and sets up, and displacement sensor 307 is connected to the one end electricity of probe 306, be provided with apron 303 on the displacement sensor 307. During operation, as shown in fig. 5, the U-shaped positioning block 305 abuts against the outer circumference of the screw of the workpiece 9, the probe 306 contacts the spiral surface of the workpiece 9, the probe 306 can move back and forth relative to the U-shaped positioning block 305, the servo motor a205 drives the chuck 202 to rotate, and the change of the spiral angle of the workpiece 9 is converted into the change of the displacement sensor 307, so as to identify the position of the burr.
As shown in fig. 6, the cutting mechanism 4 is a schematic perspective view, and the cutting mechanism 4 includes: the cutting machine comprises a supporting plate 402, a cutting motor 401, an angle block 403, a central adjusting block 404 and a cutter head 405, wherein the cutting motor 401 is fixed on the supporting plate 402, the cutter head 405 is connected to a main shaft of the cutting motor 401, the angle block 403 is arranged between the cutting motor 401 and the supporting plate 402, and the central adjusting block 404 is arranged at the position of the angle block 403. The angle of inclination of the angle block 403 is shown to be in accordance with the helical lead angle of the workpiece 9. As shown in fig. 10, the angle block 403 is a non-equal-height cylinder, the central adjusting block 404 is provided with a limit screw 407, when the angle block 403 rotates, the bottom end of the cutting motor 401 is connected to the angle block 403, so that the inclination angle of the cutting motor 401 changes accordingly, and the fine adjustment of the inclination angle of the cutting motor 401 is realized by locking the limit screw 407 of the central adjusting block 404. Further, a cutter head shield 406 is provided around the cutter head 405 to prevent the cutting waste from splashing.
As shown in fig. 7, the feeding mechanism 5 is a schematic perspective view, and the feeding mechanism 5 mainly includes: feed mounting panel 508, slide rail 505, lead screw 504, servo motor B501, slide mount pad 507 and bearing, slide rail 505 is fixed in and feeds mounting panel 508, lead screw 504 is on a parallel with the setting of slide rail 505, the both ends of lead screw 504 all are provided with the bearing: the cutting mechanism comprises an upper bearing 503 and a lower bearing 506, the lead screw 504 is connected to a servo motor B501 through a coupler 502, a sliding seat installation seat 507 capable of moving along the sliding rail 505 is arranged at the sliding rail 505, the sliding seat installation seat 507 is connected to a sliding block 509 at the lead screw 504, and the cutting mechanism 4 is fixed on the sliding seat installation seat 507. When the servo motor B501 rotates, the lead screw 504 rotates therewith, and the sliding block 509 drives the sliding seat mounting seat 507 to move up and down, thereby playing a role of driving the cutting mechanism to move.
As shown in fig. 8, the shield 6 is a schematic perspective view of the shield 6, and the shield 6 includes: inner cover 602, dustcoat 603 and guard shield cylinder 605, inner cover 602 sets up in dustcoat 603 inboard, the piston rod of guard shield cylinder 605 connects inner cover 602 and can promote inner cover 602 and reciprocate. In addition, the chuck shield 601 is separately arranged outside the chuck 202, and the chuck shield 601 is manufactured according to the structure of the chuck 202, so that iron chips can be prevented from entering the chuck 202 and the jacket 201 to influence positioning. In a normal state, the shroud cylinder 605 is in a retracted state, so that the workpiece 9 can be conveniently taken and placed; when cutting machining is carried out, the shield cylinder 605 pushes the inner cover 602 to ascend, so that the protection area is enlarged, and the iron scrap protection effect is achieved.
Furthermore, a slide way 604 is arranged at the position of the workbench in the protective cover 6, a collecting box 8 is arranged at the position, corresponding to the slide way, below the workbench, and scrap iron can slide into the collecting box 8 along the slide way 604, so that scrap iron cleaning is facilitated.
As shown in fig. 9, the brush mechanism 7 is a schematic perspective view, and the brush mechanism 7 is disposed outside the chuck 2 and corresponds to the position of the workpiece 9. The brush mechanism 7 includes: the brush fixing device comprises a rotating cylinder 701, a rotating shaft 702, a brush fixing seat 703 and a brush 704, wherein the rotating shaft 702 is fixed on the rotating shaft of the rotating cylinder 701, the brush 704 fixing seat is arranged above the rotating shaft 702 and connected to the rotating shaft 702, and the brush 704 is arranged on one side of the brush fixing seat 703. When the rotary cylinder 701 rotates, the rotating shaft 702 drives the brush 704 to rotate to the workpiece 9, the workpiece 9 is driven by the servo motor a205 to rotate, and the brush 704 brushes away the micro burrs on the surface of the workpiece 9.
The working process of the utility model is as follows:
during operation, a workpiece 9 is placed into the clamping sleeve 201 of the clamping mechanism 2, the chuck 202 clamps tightly, and after clamping, the angle recognition mechanism 3 acts: the horizontal cylinder 302 is pushed out, and the U-shaped positioning block 305 is contacted with the outer circumference of the screw of the workpiece 9 and has the positioning function in the radial direction and the height direction; the probe 306 connected with the displacement sensor 307 contacts the helicoid of the workpiece 9;
then the servo motor A205 operates to drive the chuck 202 and the workpiece 9 to rotate, the probe 306 contacting the spiral surface and the U-shaped positioning block 305 contacting the outer circumference of the screw rod relatively displace, the change and the conversion of the spiral angle of the workpiece 9 are the change of the displacement sensor 307, after the displacement reaches a set value, the burr position recognition is completed, the chuck 202 stops rotating, and the workpiece 9 is continuously kept clamped;
the cutting mechanism 4 and the feeding mechanism 5 start to operate: the screw rod 504 drives the cutting mechanism 4 to vertically feed, the cutting motor 401 operates to drive the cutter head 405 to rotate for cutting, and meanwhile, the shield cylinder 605 pushes the inner cover 602 to ascend to play a protection role during cutting;
after the cutting mechanism 4 is fed to a set position, cutting is finished, the feeding servo motor B501 rotates reversely to drive the cutting mechanism 4 to return to the original point, the brush 704 continues to brush and remove residual micro burrs at the cutting position of the workpiece 9, and returns after finishing, the shield cylinder 605 drives the inner cover 602 to return, and the chuck 202 is loosened;
and taking out the workpiece 9, finishing one action cycle, continuously putting in the next workpiece 9, and then carrying out the next cycle.
The above only is the embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the patent scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structures or equivalent processes that are used in the specification and the attached drawings or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields are included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment which characterized in that mainly includes: the workpiece clamping device comprises a rack, a workbench, a clamping mechanism, an angle recognition mechanism, a cutting mechanism and a feeding mechanism, wherein the workbench is arranged in the middle of the rack, the clamping mechanism is arranged on the workbench and used for clamping workpieces, the feeding mechanism is arranged above the clamping mechanism, the cutting mechanism is arranged at the feeding mechanism and can move up and down along the feeding mechanism, and the angle recognition mechanism is arranged on one side of the clamping mechanism.
2. The automatic worm burr identifying and removing device according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism comprises: the clamping device comprises a clamping sleeve, a clamping chuck, a mounting plate, a coupler and a servo motor A, wherein the clamping chuck is mounted on the mounting plate, the clamping sleeve is arranged on the inner side of the clamping chuck, the servo motor A is arranged below the mounting plate, and the servo motor A is connected with the clamping chuck through the coupler.
3. The automatic identification and removal device for the worm burrs of claim 1, wherein the angle identification mechanism comprises: the device comprises a mounting seat, a horizontal cylinder, a cover plate, a horizontal sliding rail, a U-shaped positioning block and a probe, wherein the horizontal sliding rail is arranged at the top of the mounting seat, one side, away from a clamping mechanism, of the horizontal sliding rail is provided with the horizontal cylinder for pushing the horizontal sliding rail to move, the U-shaped positioning block is arranged on one side, close to the clamping mechanism, of the horizontal sliding rail, the probe is close to the U-shaped positioning block, one end of the probe is connected with a displacement sensor, and the cover plate is arranged on the.
4. The automatic worm burr identifying and removing device according to claim 1, wherein said cutting mechanism comprises: the cutting machine comprises a supporting plate, a cutting motor, an angle block, a center adjusting block and a cutter head, wherein the cutting motor is fixed on the supporting plate, the cutter head is connected to a main shaft of the cutting motor, the angle block is arranged between the cutting motor and the supporting plate, and the center adjusting block is arranged at the position of the angle block.
5. The automatic identification and removal device for the worm burrs of claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism mainly comprises: feed mounting panel, slide rail, lead screw, servo motor B, slide mount pad and bearing, the slide rail is fixed in and feeds the mounting panel, the lead screw is on a parallel with the slide rail setting, the both ends of lead screw all are provided with the bearing, and the lead screw passes through coupling joint in servo motor B, slide rail department is provided with the slide mount pad that can follow the slide rail and remove, the slide mount pad is connected in the sliding block of lead screw department, cutting mechanism is fixed in the slide mount pad.
6. The automatic worm burr identifying and removing device according to claim 1, wherein a shield is arranged on the outer side of the clamping mechanism, and the shield comprises: the inner cover is arranged on the inner side of the outer cover, and a piston rod of the shield cylinder is connected with the inner cover and can push the inner cover to move up and down.
7. The automatic worm burr identifying and removing device according to claim 6, wherein a slide way is provided at a worktable inside the shield.
8. The automatic identification and removal device for the worm burrs of claim 7, wherein a collection box is arranged below the workbench corresponding to the slide way.
9. The automatic worm burr identifying and removing device according to claim 1, wherein a brush mechanism is arranged at a corresponding position of the clamping mechanism.
10. The worm burr automatic identification and removal apparatus of claim 9, wherein said brush mechanism comprises: the rotary air cylinder, the rotating shaft, the brush fixing seat and the brush are fixed on the rotating shaft of the rotary air cylinder, the brush fixing seat is arranged above the rotating shaft and connected to the rotating shaft, and the brush is arranged at a position, corresponding to a workpiece, on one side of the brush fixing seat.
CN202020742621.8U 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment Active CN212443580U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020742621.8U CN212443580U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020742621.8U CN212443580U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212443580U true CN212443580U (en) 2021-02-02

Family

ID=74464967

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020742621.8U Active CN212443580U (en) 2020-05-08 2020-05-08 Worm burr automatic identification and removal equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212443580U (en)

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