CN212426706U - Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure - Google Patents

Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure Download PDF

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CN212426706U
CN212426706U CN202021468242.0U CN202021468242U CN212426706U CN 212426706 U CN212426706 U CN 212426706U CN 202021468242 U CN202021468242 U CN 202021468242U CN 212426706 U CN212426706 U CN 212426706U
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flange plate
section
steel beam
steel
girder steel
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CN202021468242.0U
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黄新艺
卓卫东
谷音
孙颖
王志坚
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Fuzhou University
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Fuzhou University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a fully-prefabricated light large-cantilever pre-bending combined capping beam structure which comprises a variable-section box-type steel beam, a reinforced concrete upper flange plate and a reinforced concrete lower flange plate, wherein the reinforced concrete upper flange plate and the reinforced concrete lower flange plate are respectively paved on the upper surface and the lower surface of the variable-section box-type steel beam, the middle part of the variable-section box-type steel beam is a constant-section pier top connecting section, two sides of the variable-section box-type steel beam are variable-section cantilever sections, the constant-section pier top connecting section is filled with light concrete, and the variable-section cantilever sections are filled with foam concrete.

Description

Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of the design of a bent cap beam structure of a prefabricated and assembled pier of bridge engineering, and relates to a fully-prefabricated light large-cantilever pre-bending combined bent cap beam structure.
Background
The urban viaduct with more than six lanes is mostly provided with a large cantilever capping beam form, the capping beam with a prestressed concrete structure is usually adopted in the traditional design, the specific strength of a concrete material is small, the section size and the structural weight of the capping beam are usually large, the integral prefabrication is usually limited by the urban road transportation restriction requirement and the hoisting capacity of hoisting equipment, so that the integral prefabrication hoisting construction is difficult to implement, and the requirement of on-site non-support construction is usually realized by adopting a method of prefabricating in blocks and then assembling on site.
The existing solution in the process of realizing the prefabrication and assembly is generally a mode of prefabricating in blocks and then assembling in the field, but the field assembly of the prefabrication in blocks involves a plurality of construction processes, the construction flow time is long, the joint construction quality is not easy to control, the integrity of the assembled bent caps is not easy to guarantee, and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a fully-prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bending combined bent cap beam structure.
The invention solves the technical problem by adopting a scheme that a fully-prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bending combined capping beam structure comprises a variable-section box-type steel beam, a reinforced concrete upper flange plate and a reinforced concrete lower flange plate which are respectively paved on the upper surface and the lower surface of the variable-section box-type steel beam, wherein the middle part of the variable-section box-type steel beam is a constant-section pier top connecting section, two sides of the variable-section box-type steel beam are variable-section cantilever sections, the constant-section pier top connecting section is filled with light concrete, and the variable-section cantilever sections are filled with foam concrete.
Further, the variable cross section box girder steel includes girder steel top flange board that the interval set up from top to bottom, girder steel bottom flange board, girder steel top flange board, bilateral symmetry sets up two webs between the girder steel bottom flange board, between two webs and girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange board encloses the inner chamber in city, the web outside is in girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange board encloses the exocoel in city, the intracavity is provided with a plurality of baffles along variable cross section box girder steel length direction interval, girder steel top flange board level sets up, girder steel bottom flange board middle part is the horizontal part, the both sides upwards bend and form the slope portion.
Further, the baffle welds with web, girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange board and web welding.
Furthermore, a plurality of shear force studs are welded on the outer surfaces of the upper flange plate of the steel beam and the lower flange plate of the steel beam.
Furthermore, a preformed hole for a pier body longitudinal rib to penetrate through is formed in the middle of the lower flange plate of the steel beam.
Furthermore, a plurality of reinforcing rib plates are uniformly distributed on the inner surface of the steel beam lower flange plate on the circumference of the preformed hole and are welded with the variable-section box-type steel beam.
Furthermore, four corners of the partition board are provided with notches.
Furthermore, a through hole is formed in the middle of the partition plate.
Furthermore, both ends of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate are provided with check blocks, and a plurality of support cushion stones are arranged on the surface of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate between the two check blocks at intervals.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: simple structure, reasonable in design, make full use of the crushing strength ratio of steel be more than 5 times of concrete material and shearing strength ratio is more than 32 times of concrete material's technical advantage, can greatly reduced bent cap's cross sectional dimension and structure dead weight, realize the light-dutyization design target of bent cap, improved the wholeness of structure, security and construction quality's reliability.
Drawings
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a bent cap;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic detail view of the 1/2 capping beam portion of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of fig. 4 taken along line C-C.
In the figure: 1-variable cross-section box-type steel beam; 2-reinforced concrete upper flange plate; 3-reinforced concrete lower flange plate; 4-a separator; 5-support base stone; 6-a stop block; 7-pier body; 8-a bearing platform; 9-foam concrete; 10-shear studs on the upper flange plate; 11-longitudinal steel bars of a steel reinforcement cage in the concrete upper flange plate; 12-erection bars of a reinforcement cage in the concrete upper flange plate; 13-stirrups of a reinforcement cage in the concrete upper flange plate; 14-shear studs on the lower flange plate; 15-longitudinal steel bars of a steel reinforcement cage in the concrete lower flange plate; 16-erection bars of a reinforcement cage in the concrete lower flange plate; 17-stirrups of a reinforcement cage in the concrete lower flange plate; 18-steel beam upper flange plate; 19-steel beam lower flange plate; 20-a web; 21-light concrete.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and detailed description.
As shown in figures 1-5, a fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined capping beam structure comprises a variable cross-section box-type steel beam 1, a reinforced concrete upper flange plate 2 and a reinforced concrete lower flange plate 3 which are respectively paved on the upper surface and the lower surface of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam, wherein the middle part of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam is a uniform cross-section pier top connecting section, two sides of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam are variable cross-section cantilever sections, the uniform cross-section pier top connecting section is filled with light concrete 21, the variable cross-section cantilever sections are filled with foam concrete 9, which can prevent a web plate and a flange plate from buckling, protect the steel beam from being rusted due to external factors, and further reduce the weight of the prefabricated capping beam, the variable cross-section box-type steel beam comprises a steel beam upper flange plate 18 and a steel beam lower flange plate 19 which are arranged at intervals up and down, two web plates 20 are symmetrically arranged between the steel beam, an inner cavity is enclosed between the two webs and the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate, the outer sides of the webs are enclosed with the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate to form an outer cavity, a plurality of partition plates 4 are arranged in the inner cavity at intervals along the length direction of the variable-section box-type steel beam, the steel beam upper flange plate is horizontally arranged, the middle part of the steel beam lower flange plate is a horizontal part, and two sides of the steel beam lower flange plate are bent upwards to form inclined parts; the shearing force in the cover beam is born by the web plate, the bending moment is born by the upper and lower flange plates of the steel beam and the upper and lower flange plates of the reinforced concrete together, the technical advantages that the compressive strength of steel is more than 5 times that of concrete materials and the shearing strength is more than 32 times that of the concrete materials are utilized, the respective technical and economic advantages of the steel and the concrete materials are fully exerted, and the section size and the structural dead weight of the cover beam are greatly reduced;
the foam concrete filled in the inner cavity of the cantilever end and the outer cavities on the two sides of the inner cavity has the advantages that the dry volume density of the foam concrete is 300-1600 kg/m3The concrete is equivalent to about 1/5-1/8 of ordinary cement concrete, can greatly reduce bent moment and shearing force of a bent cap beam caused by the self weight of concrete at a cantilever end, can reduce the load of a pier column, reduce the manufacturing cost of a structure and a foundation, is beneficial to earthquake resistance, has certain compressive strength of 0.6-25.0 MPa, has better supporting effect on webs at two sides of a steel beam and flange plates of an outward cantilever, and can improve the local stability of the steel beam.
In this embodiment, the baffle welds with web, girder steel upper flange board, girder steel lower flange board and web welding.
In this embodiment, the outer surfaces of the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate are welded with a plurality of shear studs, and the shear studs 10 and 14 on the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate are used for transmitting the interface shear force between the steel beam and the reinforced concrete upper and lower flange plates.
In this embodiment, for the convenience of the prefabricated pier shaft of variable cross section box girder steel rather than lower part realizes effectively being connected, flange board middle part is seted up useful confession pier shaft and is indulged the preformed hole that the muscle passed, stretches into the effective anchor of indulging the muscle in the variable cross section box girder steel in order to realize the prefabricated pier shaft of lower part, and the reinforcing bar end adopts mushroom head joint construction on the one hand, and on the other hand fills light concrete material at the regional girder steel inner chamber and the exocoel in pier shaft top.
In this embodiment, a plurality of reinforcing floor plates are uniformly distributed on the inner surface of the steel beam lower flange plate on the circumference of the preformed hole, and the reinforcing floor plates are welded with the variable-section box-type steel beam, so that the requirements on local strength and stability of the steel beam lower flange steel plate when stressed are met.
In this embodiment, the four corners of the partition board are provided with notches.
In this embodiment, the middle of the partition board is provided with a through hole.
In this embodiment, the two ends of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate are provided with the stop blocks 6, and the reinforced concrete upper flange plate surface is provided with a plurality of support cushion stones 5 at intervals between the two stop blocks.
The construction steps are as follows:
step 1: designing and manufacturing a special bracket and a supporting device for applying a pre-bending force;
step 2: the manufactured variable cross-section box-type steel beams are installed on a special tensioning frame in pairs, one steel beam is located at the upper position, the other steel beam is located at the lower position, and the cantilever end of each variable cross-section box-type steel beam is temporarily fixed in a steel strand or steel plate mode;
and step 3: installing jacks at the positions corresponding to the pier bodies of the two variable-section box-type steel beams, and synchronously applying pre-bending force according to design requirements;
and 4, step 4: after the load is stable, constructing a reinforced concrete upper flange plate, firstly binding and installing a reinforcement cage in the reinforced concrete upper flange plate on the surface of the steel beam upper flange of the variable-section box-type steel beam, then erecting a template outside the reinforcement cage, then pouring concrete in the template and maintaining, removing the template and releasing the pre-bending force applied by the jack after the design strength is reached, and finally removing a temporary fixing device at the cantilever end;
and 5: sequentially hoisting the variable-section box-type steel beam at the upper position to a position appointed by a prefabricating field, hoisting the variable-section box-type steel beam at the lower position to the position appointed by the prefabricating field after overturning, then, constructing a reinforced concrete upper flange plate, binding and installing a reinforcement cage in the reinforced concrete lower flange plate on the surface of a steel beam lower flange of the variable-section box-type steel beam, then, erecting a template outside the reinforcement cage, then, pouring concrete in the template and maintaining health, and removing the template after the design strength is reached;
step 6: pouring a support base cushion stone on the surface of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate and stop blocks on two sides of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate in a prefabricated field;
and 7: and (4) transporting the processed variable-section box-type steel beam in the step (6) to a construction site, hoisting the variable-section box-type steel beam in place, pouring light concrete to the connecting section of the pier top with the equal section, and pouring light foam concrete to the variable-section cantilever sections on the two sides.
The method of pre-bending the combined beam is adopted to apply prestress to the steel plates on the upper flange and the lower flange of the steel beam and the concrete plate in the prefabricating process, so that the trouble of arranging and tensioning prestressed steel beams of the traditional PC bent cap beam is avoided, the working procedures of field operation are reduced, and the integrity, the safety and the reliability of construction quality of the structure are improved.
If this patent discloses or refers to parts or structures that are fixedly connected to each other, the fixedly connected may be understood as: a detachable fixed connection (for example using bolts or screws) is also understood as: non-detachable fixed connections (e.g. riveting, welding), but of course, fixed connections to each other may also be replaced by one-piece structures (e.g. manufactured integrally using a casting process) (unless it is obviously impossible to use an integral forming process).
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal," "lateral," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the patent, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the patent.
The above-mentioned preferred embodiments, further illustrating the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, should be understood that the above-mentioned are only preferred embodiments of the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a light-duty big cantilever preflex combination bent cap beam structure of full prefabrication which characterized in that: the variable cross-section box-type steel beam comprises a variable cross-section box-type steel beam, a reinforced concrete upper flange plate and a reinforced concrete lower flange plate which are respectively paved on the upper surface and the lower surface of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam, wherein the middle part of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam is a constant cross-section pier top connecting section, two sides of the variable cross-section box-type steel beam are variable cross-section cantilever sections, the constant cross-section pier top connecting section is filled with light concrete, and the variable cross-section.
2. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 1, wherein: variable cross section box girder steel includes girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange board that the interval set up from top to bottom, girder steel top flange board, bilateral symmetry sets up two webs between the girder steel bottom flange board, between two webs and girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange hoarding becomes the inner chamber, the web outside and girder steel top flange board, girder steel bottom flange hoarding becomes the exocoel, the intracavity is provided with a plurality of baffles along variable cross section box girder steel length direction interval, girder steel top flange board level sets up, girder steel bottom flange board middle part is the horizontal part, both sides are bent upwards and are formed the slope portion.
3. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 2, wherein: the partition plate is welded with the web plate, the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate, and the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate are welded with the web plate.
4. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 2, wherein: and a plurality of shear force studs are welded on the outer surfaces of the steel beam upper flange plate and the steel beam lower flange plate.
5. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 2, wherein: and a preformed hole for the pier body longitudinal rib to penetrate is formed in the middle of the lower flange plate of the steel beam.
6. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure of claim 5, wherein: and a plurality of reinforcing rib plates are uniformly distributed on the inner surface of the steel beam lower flange plate on the circumference of the preformed hole and are welded with the variable-section box-type steel beam.
7. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 2, wherein: the four corners of the partition board are provided with notches.
8. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure of claim 7, wherein: the middle part of the clapboard is provided with a through hole.
9. The fully prefabricated light large cantilever pre-bent combined capping beam structure according to claim 1, wherein: the two ends of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate are provided with check blocks, and a plurality of support base stones are arranged on the surface of the reinforced concrete upper flange plate between the two check blocks at intervals.
CN202021468242.0U 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure Active CN212426706U (en)

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CN202021468242.0U CN212426706U (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021468242.0U CN212426706U (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Fully-prefabricated light large cantilever preflex combined bent cap beam structure

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CN212426706U true CN212426706U (en) 2021-01-29

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