CN212412070U - Feeding device and feeding and discharging device - Google Patents

Feeding device and feeding and discharging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212412070U
CN212412070U CN202021134810.3U CN202021134810U CN212412070U CN 212412070 U CN212412070 U CN 212412070U CN 202021134810 U CN202021134810 U CN 202021134810U CN 212412070 U CN212412070 U CN 212412070U
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basket
input
flower basket
transfer
processed
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CN202021134810.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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不公告发明人
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Wuxi Lead Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Wuxi Lead Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The application provides a feeding device and a feeding and discharging device, which comprise a material input mechanism for inputting a flower basket full of silicon wafers to be processed, wherein the material input mechanism comprises a first input line and a second input line which are arranged at intervals along the horizontal direction; meanwhile, the feeding and discharging device also comprises a turnover mechanism which can extract the flower basket and turn the flower basket for 180 degrees; therefore, the top surface and the bottom surface of the flower basket input by the first input line and the flower basket turned over by the turning mechanism are opposite, and correspondingly, the silicon wafer surfaces in the two flower baskets are opposite; the loading and unloading device further comprises a carrying mechanism, when the carrying mechanism receives the two groups of silicon wafers to be processed, the first surface of one group of silicon wafers faces upwards, and the second surface of the other group of silicon wafers faces upwards. On one hand, the feeding efficiency can be improved by arranging two groups of input lines; on the other hand, the silicon wafers finally supplied by the two groups of working lines are oriented differently, so that the requirements of special processes are met.

Description

Feeding device and feeding and discharging device
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of photovoltaic equipment, concretely relates to loading attachment and unloader on.
Background
The flower basket can support a plurality of silicon chips. When the flower basket is used for feeding, a plurality of silicon wafers are stacked in the flower basket along the vertical direction, in the traditional equipment, the flower basket can be laid down for taking the silicon wafers conveniently, and then the silicon wafers are lifted and taken conveniently; therefore, the traditional equipment is also provided with a plurality of mechanisms so as to conveniently lay down the flower basket and lift up the silicon wafer for extraction, and the working efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The application provides a loading attachment and unloader on to solve the technical defect that work efficiency is low among the prior art.
In order to solve the technical problem, the application adopts a technical scheme that: there is provided a loading device, comprising: the material input mechanism can input a flower basket full of silicon wafers to be processed; the material input mechanism comprises a first input line and a second input line, and the first input line and the second input line can be respectively input into the flower basket; the turnover mechanism can extract the flower basket which is input by the second input line and is full of silicon wafers to be processed, and turns the flower basket for 180 degrees; a conveying mechanism which can take out silicon wafers to be processed from the flower basket; in a work cycle, the first input line and the second input line can be respectively input into a group of flower baskets, and when the carrying mechanism receives silicon wafers to be processed in the two groups of flower baskets, the first surface of one group of silicon wafers faces upwards, and the second surface of the other group of silicon wafers faces upwards.
Further, the carrying mechanism includes: the carrying piece is used for extracting the silicon wafer; and the carrying driving assembly is connected with the carrying piece and can drive the carrying piece to be close to or far away from the flower basket.
Furthermore, the flower basket comprises two side plates which are oppositely arranged, and a plurality of clamping grooves which are arranged at intervals in the vertical direction are formed in the side plates; the clamping grooves on the two side plates correspond to each other one by one so as to support two sides of the silicon wafer; the carrying piece comprises a plurality of supporting plates which are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction; the carrying driving assembly can drive the supporting plate to extend into the space between two adjacent clamping grooves, so that the supporting plate can conveniently receive the silicon wafers in the clamping grooves.
Further, the turnover mechanism includes: the overturning and extracting assembly can extract the flower basket full of the silicon wafers to be processed; and the overturning driving component is connected with the overturning extracting component and can drive the overturning extracting component to rotate.
Further, the flip extraction assembly comprises: the extraction piece is used for extracting the flower basket; the first extraction driving part is used for driving the extraction part to move along the horizontal direction so as to approach to the extraction basket; and the second extraction driving part is used for driving the extraction part to move along an arc line so that the extraction part lifts the flower basket after the extraction part extracts the flower basket.
The application still provides a last unloader, including above-mentioned loading attachment, still includes: the material output mechanism can output a basket of flowers fully loaded with the processed silicon wafers; the material input mechanism and the material output mechanism are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction; the transfer mechanism can move along the vertical direction; the transfer mechanism is arranged at the output end of the material input mechanism and can receive the flower basket; subsequently, the transfer mechanism moves towards the material output mechanism, and the flower basket can be transferred into the material output mechanism.
Further, the relay mechanism includes: the platform is used for receiving the flower basket; and the lifting driving assembly is connected with the platform and can drive the platform to move along the vertical direction.
Furthermore, the feeding and discharging device also comprises a buffer mechanism; the buffer memory mechanism includes: the caching material receiving assembly is used for receiving the flower basket; the buffer transfer component is connected with the buffer receiving component and can drive the buffer receiving component to move back and forth among the second input line, the turnover mechanism and the transfer mechanism.
Furthermore, the loading and unloading device also comprises a correcting mechanism which is arranged on one side of the material input mechanism, the material output mechanism and/or the transit mechanism and can correct the silicon wafers in the basket so as to adjust the position state of each silicon wafer; the correcting mechanism comprises a first correcting piece, a second correcting piece and a correcting driving piece, wherein the first correcting piece and the second correcting piece are arranged oppositely, and the correcting driving piece can drive the first correcting piece and the second correcting piece to move relatively; after the flower basket is in place, the regulation driving piece can drive the first regulation piece and the second regulation piece to move in opposite directions, so that the first regulation piece and the second regulation piece abut against silicon wafers protruding from two sides of the flower basket, and regulation is achieved.
Furthermore, the loading and unloading device also comprises a material transfer mechanism; the material transfer mechanism comprises a carrying disc and a carrying disc driving assembly, and the carrying disc driving assembly is connected with the carrying disc; after the carrying mechanism receives the silicon wafer to be processed, the silicon wafer can be placed into a carrying disc; the carrying disc driving assembly can drive the carrying disc to move towards the processing equipment so as to facilitate the processing equipment to process the silicon wafer; the processed silicon wafer is loaded by the carrying disc and returns to the initial position under the drive of the carrying disc drive assembly, so that the carrying mechanism can conveniently receive and take the processed silicon wafer.
The application provides a feeding device and a feeding and discharging device, which comprise a material input mechanism for inputting a flower basket full of silicon wafers to be processed, wherein the material input mechanism comprises a first input line and a second input line which are arranged at intervals along the horizontal direction; meanwhile, the feeding and discharging device also comprises a turnover mechanism which can turn the flower basket by 180 degrees; therefore, the top surface and the bottom surface of the flower basket input by the first input line and the flower basket turned over by the turning mechanism are opposite, and correspondingly, the silicon wafer surfaces in the two flower baskets are opposite; the loading and unloading device further comprises a carrying mechanism, when the carrying mechanism receives the two groups of silicon wafers to be processed, the first surface of one group of silicon wafers faces upwards, and the second surface of the other group of silicon wafers faces upwards. On one hand, the feeding efficiency can be improved by arranging two groups of input lines; on the other hand, the silicon wafers finally supplied by the two groups of working lines are oriented differently, so that the requirements of special processes are met.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without inventive efforts, wherein:
fig. 1 is a schematic front view of a loading and unloading device provided in the present application;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the inner pallet structure of the circle of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a material delivery mechanism, a transfer mechanism and a handling mechanism provided herein;
fig. 4 is a schematic top view of another loading and unloading device provided by the present application, in which a material output mechanism is omitted;
FIG. 5 is a schematic front view of the turnover mechanism of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the turning mechanism of FIG. 5 in another state;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a flower basket provided by the present application;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the flower basket of FIG. 7 with the open side facing forward;
fig. 9 is a schematic top view of another loading and unloading apparatus provided by the present application, in which a material output mechanism is omitted;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the righting mechanism of fig. 9.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be understood that in order to better illustrate the contents of the drawings, some of the drawings are turned 90 ° to the left for reading; however, when directions such as "left", "right", "up", "down", etc. are described in the drawings, the directions of the numerals in the drawings are used as the standard; that is, when the reference numerals are set to the left in the drawing, the orientation is based on the case where the drawing is turned 90 ° to the right.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the present application discloses a loading and unloading apparatus, which includes: a material input mechanism 100 capable of inputting a basket 20 filled with a wafer 1 to be processed; the material output mechanism 200 can output the basket of flowers 20 fully loaded with the processed silicon wafers 1; wherein, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction; a relay mechanism 300 capable of moving in a vertical direction; wherein, the transfer mechanism 300 can be connected to the output end of the material input mechanism 100 so as to receive the flower basket 20; subsequently, the transfer mechanism 300 moves toward the material output mechanism 200, and can butt against the input end of the material output mechanism 200 to facilitate the transfer of the flower basket 20.
In one embodiment, referring to fig. 1, a material input mechanism 100 and a material output mechanism 200 are arranged side by side, wherein the material input mechanism 100 is arranged below the material output mechanism 200; during feeding, the basket 20 filled with the silicon wafers 1 to be processed enters the material input mechanism 100 and is conveyed from left to right through the material input mechanism 100; at this time, the transfer mechanism 300 is located at the output end of the material input mechanism 100, and can receive the flower basket 20 conveyed by the material input mechanism 100; subsequently, the transfer mechanism 300 ascends to butt the input end of the material output mechanism 200, so that the flower basket 20 can be conveyed into the material output mechanism 200; and the material output mechanism 200 is conveyed from right to left, and can send out the flower basket 20.
In this embodiment, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 are arranged side by side in the vertical direction, and the conveying directions are opposite; that is, the station where the basket 20 enters the material input mechanism 100 may point in the same direction as the station where the basket 20 exits the material output mechanism 200. For example, in fig. 1, on the left side of the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200, a device (not shown) for supplying the silicon wafer 1 to be processed may be provided; the basket 20 carries the processed silicon wafers 1 and leaves the material output mechanism 200 from the left side, after the silicon wafers 1 are taken out, the basket 20 which is empty again can be lifted and sent back to the equipment with the processed silicon wafers 1, so that the basket 20 is filled with the silicon wafers 1 to be processed again and enters the material input mechanism 100.
In another embodiment, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 can be arranged oppositely; in short, when the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200 and the transferring mechanism 300 are projected on the same horizontal plane, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 are located at two opposite sides of the transferring mechanism 300. For example, taking the orientation of fig. 1 as an example, the material input mechanism 100 may be disposed on the left side of the transfer mechanism 300, and the material output mechanism 200 may be correspondingly disposed on the right side of the transfer mechanism 300; at this time, the material input mechanism 100, the transferring mechanism 300, and the material output mechanism 200 can all convey the flower basket 20 from left to right.
It is easy to understand that when the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200 and the transferring mechanism 300 are projected on the same horizontal plane, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 may be located on two sides of the transferring mechanism 300 which are not opposite to each other. For example, taking the orientation of fig. 1 as an example, the material input mechanism 100 may be disposed on the left side of the transfer mechanism 300, and the material output mechanism 200 may be correspondingly disposed on the front side (vertical to the paper) of the transfer mechanism 300; at this time, the material input mechanism 100 inputs the basket 20 into the transfer mechanism 300 from left to right, and the transfer mechanism 300 inputs the basket 20 into the material output mechanism 200 from back to front in a direction perpendicular to the paper surface.
It can be known that the loading and unloading of the flower basket 20 can be realized as long as the transfer mechanism 300 can connect the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200. The relative positions of the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 in the horizontal direction are not limited in this application.
The material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 may adopt mechanisms such as a conveyor belt, a conveyor roller, a conveying platform, and a crown block, as long as the conveyance of the flower basket 10 can be realized, and the present application does not specifically limit the conveying.
The transfer mechanism 300 includes a platform 310 for receiving the flower basket 20, and a lift driving assembly 320 for driving the platform 310 to move in a vertical direction.
In one embodiment, the platform 310 for receiving the flower basket 20 may be a common platform capable of supporting the flower basket 20. At this time, the material input mechanism 100 directly conveys the basket 20 to the platform 310, and then the lifting drive assembly 320 drives the platform 310 to move toward the material output mechanism 200, so that the material output mechanism 200 takes away the basket 20 on the platform.
It should be added that, in this embodiment, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 include a conveying assembly and an extraction assembly; the conveying assembly can adopt mechanisms such as a conveying belt, a conveying roller, a conveying platform, a crown block and the like, and can realize the transportation of the flower basket 20; the picking assembly may be a carrying gripper, a carrying suction cup, a carrying robot, etc. capable of picking and transferring the flower basket 20.
In another embodiment, the platform 310 may employ a conveyor belt assembly comprising: a driving wheel 311, a driven wheel 312 and a transmission belt 313 sleeved on the driving wheel 311 and the driven wheel 312; the driving wheel 311 is driven by a driving part 314 and can rotate actively, and the driven wheel 312 can be driven to rotate along with the driving wheel through the conveying belt 313, so that the circulating circulation of the conveying belt 313 is realized.
By adopting the conveyor belt assembly, when the material input mechanism 100 conveys the flower basket 20, the conveyor belt assembly is positioned at the output end of the material input mechanism 100, and the driving piece 314 drives the bearing surface of the conveyor belt 313 to rotate away from the material input mechanism 100, so that the flower basket 20 is taken out; when the basket 20 is conveyed to the material output mechanism 200, the lifting driving assembly 320 drives the conveyor belt assembly to move to the input end of the material output mechanism 200, and the driving member 314 drives the receiving surface of the conveyor belt 313 to rotate towards the material output mechanism 200, so that the basket 20 is conveyed into the material output mechanism 200.
Referring specifically to FIG. 1, the material input mechanism 100 conveys the flower basket 20 from left to right, while the material output mechanism 200 conveys the flower basket 20 from right to left. During material receiving, the conveyor belt assembly receives the flower basket 20 at the output end of the material input mechanism 100 (i.e. the right end of the material input mechanism 100), and at this time, the driving piece 314 drives the conveyor belt 313 to move from left to right to receive the upper surface of the flower basket 20; in this manner, the basket 20 enters the conveyor assembly and the conveyor 313 moves the basket 20 incrementally out of the material input mechanism 100 by circulation. The conveyor belt assembly is driven by the lifting drive assembly 320 to be in butt joint with the input end of the material output mechanism 200 (namely the right end of the material output mechanism 200); at this time, the driving member 314 drives the belt 313 to receive the upper surface of the basket 20 from right to left, so that the basket 20 can be actively moved out of the belt assembly and into the material output mechanism 200.
Further, in this embodiment, the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 may also adopt a conveyor belt assembly; in addition, the conveying paths of the conveying belts of the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 and the conveying belt of the transfer mechanism 300 are partially overlapped when the feeding, the discharging and the butt joint are realized in a matching manner. With specific reference to fig. 3, fig. 3 shows the condition that the conveyor belt 313 of the transfer mechanism 300 is in butt joint with the conveyor belt of the material input mechanism 100 when loading; in the figure, the input end of the transfer mechanism 300 is ahead of the output end of the material input mechanism 100, and specifically, the left end of the transfer mechanism 300 is inserted into the right end of the material input mechanism 100; thus, when the material input mechanism 100 inputs the basket 20 into the transfer mechanism 300, the basket 20 can enter the transfer mechanism 300 without completely leaving the material input mechanism 100, and finally the basket 20 is completely separated from the transfer mechanism 300 by the transfer belt of the transfer mechanism 300, so as to avoid falling or displacement of the basket 20 due to no advance support when the basket 20 leaves from the material input mechanism 100.
It is conceivable that, for the centering mechanism 300, after it receives the flower basket 20, the platform 310 needs to be driven by the lifting driving component 320 to perform a lifting action to abut against the material output mechanism 200; during the lifting process, the flower basket 20 may tilt, fall or shift, which may affect the taking and placing of the silicon wafer 1 and affect the subsequent actions. For this purpose, the transfer mechanism 300 further includes a fixing member 330; the fixing assembly 330 can fix the flower basket 20 after the flower basket 20 enters the transfer mechanism 300.
The fixing assembly 330 may be a plurality of clamping blocks, which are arranged on the platform 310 in a surrounding manner to accommodate the flower basket 20, so as to limit the position of the flower basket 20 and ensure that the flower basket 20 is stably located on the platform 310.
Alternatively, the fixing assembly 330 may employ a clamp, and after the flower basket 20 enters the platform 310, the two clamping jaws of the clamp move relatively to each other, so as to clamp the flower basket 20, thereby defining the position of the flower basket 20 and ensuring that the flower basket 20 is stably located on the platform 310.
Still alternatively, the fixing assembly 330 may employ a suction cup, and after the flower basket 20 enters the platform 310, the suction cup can suck the flower basket 20, so as to define the position of the flower basket 20 and ensure that the flower basket 20 is stably located on the platform 310.
Still alternatively, referring to FIG. 1, the stationary assembly 330 may include a platen 331 and a platen driver 332, the platen 331 being suspended above the platform 310, the platen driver 332 being coupled to the platen 331 and being capable of driving the platen 331 toward the platform 310. After the flower basket 20 enters the platform 310, the pressing plate driving member 332 drives the pressing plate 331 to approach against the flower basket 20, so as to cooperate with the platform 310 to press the flower basket 20 and define the position of the flower basket 20.
Further, in order to realize the loading and unloading of the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20, the loading and unloading device disclosed by the application further comprises a carrying mechanism 400, which can take out the silicon wafers 1 to be processed from the basket 20 and can place the processed silicon wafers 1 into the empty basket 20.
In one embodiment, the carrying mechanism 400 may be disposed on one side of the material input mechanism 100, and the silicon wafer 1 to be processed may be taken out before the basket 20 is input into the transferring mechanism 300; after the silicon wafer 1 to be processed is taken out, the basket 20 is empty, and the carrying mechanism 400 can convey the processed silicon wafer 1 into the empty basket 20, so that the material output mechanism 200 can output the processed silicon wafer 1.
In this embodiment, the basket 20 is empty and then may be transferred to the transfer mechanism 300 and then the processed silicon wafer 1 may be transferred to the transfer mechanism 400. Or, after the basket 20 is empty, the basket 20 may be first transferred to the transfer mechanism 300, and then the transfer mechanism 300 transfers the empty basket 20 to the material output mechanism 200, and then the carrying mechanism 400 places the processed silicon wafer 1.
In another embodiment, the transfer mechanism 400 may be provided on the side of the transfer mechanism 300, and after the basket 20 enters the transfer mechanism 300, the transfer mechanism 400 takes out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed therein and places the processed silicon wafer 1 therein.
In this embodiment, the transfer mechanism 400 may take out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed and place the processed silicon wafer 1 therein when the transfer mechanism 300 is docked with the material loading mechanism 100. Alternatively, the carrying mechanism 400 may take out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed and put the processed silicon wafer 1 therein when the transfer mechanism 300 is butted against the material output mechanism 200. Or, the carrying mechanism 400 can take out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed when the transfer mechanism 300 is butted against the material input mechanism 100; the to-be-carried mechanism 400 can be used for placing the processed silicon wafer 1 when the transfer mechanism 300 is butted against the material input mechanism 100.
In another embodiment, the carrying mechanism 400 may be provided on the material discharging mechanism 200 side, and after the basket 20 enters the material discharging mechanism 200, the silicon wafer 1 to be processed may be taken out therefrom, and the processed silicon wafer 1 may be placed therein.
The installation position and the working station of the carrying mechanism 400 are not specifically limited in the present application, as long as the carrying mechanism 400 can take out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed in the basket 20 and put the processed silicon wafer 1 into the empty basket 20.
It should be added that the conveying mechanism 400 is to take and place the silicon wafer 1 to be processed and the processed silicon wafer 1. For this purpose, in one embodiment, the conveying mechanism 400 includes two sets of mechanisms for realizing the conveying action, one set is used for taking and placing the silicon wafer 1 to be processed, and the other set is used for taking and placing the processed silicon wafer 1. Alternatively, in another embodiment, the conveying mechanism 400 may only include a set of mechanisms for realizing the conveying action, and in this case, the conveying mechanism 400 first takes and places the silicon wafer 1 to be processed, and then takes and places the processed silicon wafer 1.
It should be added that, although the above description is made, after the silicon wafer 1 to be processed in the flower basket 20 is removed, the flower basket 20 is empty, and the processed silicon wafer 1 is placed in the empty flower basket 20; however, in the actual operation scheme, each flower basket 20 entering the loading and unloading device is not necessarily full. Specifically, each basket 20 fed through the material feeding mechanism 100 carries a silicon wafer 1 to be processed, but the basket 20 fed out through the material discharging mechanism 200 and leaving the loading and unloading apparatus may not carry a processed silicon wafer 1. Details will be explained below.
The carrying mechanism 400 includes a carrying member 410 and a carrying driving assembly 420, wherein the carrying driving assembly 420 is connected to the carrying member 410 and can drive the carrying member 410 to move closer to or away from the flower basket 20.
Referring to fig. 1, in the embodiment, when the transfer mechanism 300 is docked with the material discharge mechanism 200, the transfer mechanism 400 extracts silicon wafers 1 to be processed in the basket 20 and places the processed silicon wafers 1 into the empty basket 20. Specifically, after the transfer mechanism 300 receives the flower basket 20, the flower basket 20 is sent to the input end of the material receiving output mechanism 200; the carrying member 410 can adopt any structure capable of receiving the silicon wafers 1, such as a sucker, a clamp and the like, and the carrying driving assembly 420 drives the carrying member 410 to move towards the flower basket 20 until the carrying member 410 contacts and extracts the silicon wafers 1 to be processed in the flower basket 20; subsequently, the carrying driving component 420 drives the carrying member 410 to move away from the flower basket 20, so as to take out the silicon wafer 1 to be processed, and further send the silicon wafer 1 to be processed to a downstream corresponding processing device; the carrier 410 is also capable of taking up the processed silicon wafer 1 at a downstream corresponding processing apparatus and transferring the processed silicon wafer 1 into the empty basket 20 on the transfer mechanism 300 under the driving of the carrier driving assembly 420.
In summary, the conveying driving assembly 420 has a plurality of directions, and for this purpose, a robot may be used as the conveying driving assembly 420, and the silicon wafer 1 can be taken, placed and moved by the three-dimensional movement of the robot. In addition, when the carrying mechanism 400 operates at a certain position of the flower basket 20, the carrying driving assembly 420 may employ a plurality of driving devices (e.g., a plurality of electric cylinders or linear modules) which are matched to each other, so as to achieve the required movement of the carrying member 410.
The silicon wafer 1 is a substantially rectangular sheet, and two opposing wide surface structures thereof are different and are referred to as a first surface and a second surface, respectively. In some processes, two silicon wafers 1 with different orientations need to be obtained for processing; however, when the silicon wafers 1 to be processed are loaded, the silicon wafers 1 carried by the flower basket 20 are all in the same orientation; this is caused by the specification of the basket 20 and the action of the device for placing the silicon wafers 1 into the basket 20, and if the silicon wafers 1 are to be placed, some first surfaces and some second surfaces of the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 face upward, on one hand, the silicon wafers 1 need to be divided into two different types before being placed, and on the other hand, the corresponding silicon wafers 1 need to be placed into the basket 20 in batches or two sets of carrying devices are arranged to place the corresponding silicon wafers 1 into the basket 20, which is time-consuming and labor-consuming.
Therefore, the material input mechanism 100 comprises a first input line 110 and a second input line 120 which are arranged at intervals along the horizontal direction, and meanwhile, the loading and unloading device disclosed by the application further comprises a turnover mechanism 500 which is arranged on one side of the second input line 120 or the transfer mechanism 300 and can extract the basket 20 which is loaded with the silicon wafers 1 to be processed and input by the second input line 120 and turn the basket 20 for 180 degrees; thus, the basket 20 "turns around" so that the silicon wafer 1, in which the first face was originally facing upward, becomes the second face facing upward. After the turning is finished, the turning mechanism 500 puts the turned flower basket 20 back to the second input line 120 or the transfer mechanism 300; thus, when the conveying mechanism 400 receives two groups of silicon wafers 1 to be processed, the first surface of one group of silicon wafers 1 faces upwards, and the second surface of the other group of silicon wafers 1 faces upwards.
It should be explained that the turnover mechanism 500 can directly extract the flower basket 20 inputted on the second input line 120 for turnover; alternatively, the first input line 110 and the second input line 120 are input into the two sets of baskets 20 to the transfer mechanism 300, and the turnover mechanism 500 is used to pick up one set of baskets 20 from the pick-up transfer mechanism 300 for turnover. The application does not specifically limit the installation position and the working station of the turnover mechanism 500, as long as before the silicon wafer 1 can be extracted by the carrying mechanism 400, the turnover mechanism 500 can extract a group of flower baskets 20 and realize turnover.
In addition, the material input mechanism 100 may include more than two sets of input lines, wherein a part of the input lines input the flower basket 20 to be turned; at this time, a plurality of sets of devices for turning over may be provided according to the working lines corresponding to the baskets 20 to be turned over, or the turning mechanism 500 may be made to turn over each basket 20 one by one.
It is easy to understand that the turnover mechanism 500 needs to rotate the basket 20 and the carrying mechanism 400 needs to take the silicon wafer 1 out of the basket 20, so that the turnover mechanism 500 is to prevent the silicon wafer 1 from falling out of the basket 20 when rotating the basket 20.
To this end, referring to fig. 7 and 8, a specific structure of a flower basket 20 is illustrated. The flower basket 20 is approximately rectangular, and comprises a top plate 21 and a bottom plate 22 which are oppositely arranged, and two side plates 23 which are oppositely arranged and connected with the top plate 21 and the bottom plate 22, wherein the side plates 23 are provided with a plurality of clamping grooves which are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction; the clamping grooves on the two side plates 23 correspond to each other one by one to support two sides of the silicon wafer 1. It can be seen that one basket 20 can receive a plurality of silicon wafers 1 at the same time. In addition, a rail 24 is provided on one surface of the joining top plate 21, the bottom plate 22, and the two side plates 23. Thus, only one of the six faces of the body of the basket 20 is left empty to facilitate the entry and exit of the silicon wafer 1.
It can be known that, when the turnover mechanism 500 rotates the basket 20, the silicon wafer 1 can be prevented from falling out of the basket 20 by ensuring that the empty side of the basket 20 is not downward.
Wherein, tilting mechanism 500 includes: the overturning and extracting assembly 510 can extract the flower basket 20 full of the silicon wafer 1 to be processed; and a turnover driving component 520 connected with the turnover extracting component 510 and capable of driving the turnover extracting component 510 to rotate.
For convenience of description, the following description will be given taking an example in which the turnover mechanism 500 extracts the silicon wafer 1 to be processed in the basket 20 on the second input line 120.
The turnover driving component 520 may adopt a motor, and an output shaft of the motor is connected with the turnover extraction component 510 and can drive the turnover extraction component 510 to rotate; after the flower basket 20 is picked up by the turnover picking assembly 510, the flower basket is rotated 180 degrees once, so that the orientations of the top plate 21 and the bottom plate 22 of the flower basket are reversed.
The turning and extracting assembly 510 includes an extracting member 511 for extracting the flower basket 20; the extraction driving component is connected with the extraction piece 511 and can drive the extraction piece 511 to realize the taking and placing of the flower basket 20.
The extraction member 511 may be any structure capable of extracting the flower basket 20, such as a jig or a suction cup. Depending on the configuration of the flower basket 20, the turnover extraction assembly 510 preferably employs a clamp capable of clamping the top plate 21 and the bottom plate 22 of the flower basket 20; subsequently, the extraction drive assembly drives the gripper to lift the basket 20 such that the basket 20 is disengaged from the second input line 120; the extraction drive assembly then drives the gripper to lift the basket 20 away from the second input line 120 to allow room for the basket 20 to flip over.
The extraction driving component may be a robot, and the multi-directional movement of the extraction member 511 can be realized by using the three-dimensional movement of the robot.
Alternatively, the extraction driving assembly may be a set of driving assemblies (e.g., electric cylinder or linear module) capable of driving the extraction member 511 to move in the vertical direction; specifically, the extraction driving assembly drives the extraction member 511 to approach the flower basket 20, and then the extraction driving assembly drives the extraction member 511 to ascend, so that the bottom of the flower basket 20 is separated from the second input line 120, when the flower basket 20 is far enough away from the second input line 120, the extraction driving assembly stops, so that the extraction member 511 stays in place, and the inversion driving assembly 520 drives the extraction member 511 to drive the flower basket 20 to rotate 180 °; after the silicon wafer 1 is turned over, the extraction driving assembly drives the extraction member 511 to descend, so that the flower basket 20 returns to the second input line 120 again.
Still alternatively, the extraction driving assembly may employ two sets of drives (e.g., two sets of electric cylinders or linear modules), one set for driving the extraction member 511 to move in the vertical direction and the other set for driving the extraction member 511 to move in the horizontal direction. Specifically, the extraction driving assembly drives the extraction member 511 to approach the extraction basket 20; subsequently, the extraction driving assembly drives the extraction piece 511 to ascend, so that the bottom of the flower basket 20 is separated from the second input line 120; then, the extracting driving component drives the extracting component 511 to translate, so that the flower basket 20 is far away from the second input line 120 and has more moving space, so that the overturning driving component 520 drives the extracting component 511 and drives the flower basket 20 to rotate 180 degrees; after the silicon chip 1 is turned over, the extraction driving component drives the extraction component 511 to translate and reach the position above the second input line 120; the extraction drive assembly then drives the extraction member 511 down, so that the flower basket 20 is returned to the second input line 120.
Still alternatively, with reference to fig. 4, 5 and 6, the extraction driving assembly comprises a first extraction driving member 512 for driving the extraction member 511 to move in a horizontal direction to approach the extraction basket 20; a second extracting driving member 513 for driving the extracting member 511 to move along an arc so that the extracting member 511 lifts the flower basket 20 after the extracting member 511 extracts the flower basket 20. It should be explained that the extracting drive assembly and the extracting piece 511 are disposed at one side of the second input line 120 so that when the extracting piece 511 directly extracts the basket 20, the extracting drive assembly and the extracting piece 511 may interfere with the conveyance of the basket 20; to this end, by providing the first extraction drive 512, the extraction element 511 can be driven away from the second input line 120 when it is not necessary to take up a basket 20, so as to facilitate the transport of the basket 20 on the second input line 120; before the extracting member 511 receives the flower basket 20, the first extracting driving member 512 drives the extracting member 511 to be close to the second input line 120 so that the extracting member 511 receives the flower basket 20; after the basket 20 is picked up, the second picking drive member 513 drives the picking member 511 to move in an arc so that the picking member 511 is horizontally away from the second input line 120 while being vertically raised, thereby simplifying the motion path for lifting and moving the basket 20. The first extraction driving element 512 may be a linear driving element such as an electric cylinder or a linear module; the second extraction driving member 513 may be a motor, an output shaft of which is parallel to the direction in which the second input line 120 conveys the flower basket 20; thus, when the motor drives the extracting member 511 to rotate, the extracting member 511 moves in an arc around the output shaft to approach or separate from the second input line 120.
In addition, in consideration of the structure of the basket 20 shown in fig. 6 and 7, in order to facilitate the extraction of the rows of silicon wafers 1 arranged in the basket 20, the carrier 410 of the carrier mechanism 400 may include a plurality of trays 411 arranged at intervals in the vertical direction; the carrying driving assembly 420 can drive the supporting plate 411 to extend into two adjacent slots, so that the supporting plate 411 receives the silicon wafers 1 in the slots.
It is easy to understand that when the basket 20 is conveyed by the logistics line (the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200 or the transfer mechanism 300), the basket 20 is in a vertical state (the top plate 21 or the bottom plate 22 contacts the conveying surface of the logistics line), and at this time, the silicon wafers 1 are arranged in a row in the vertical direction in the basket 20, and the plurality of support plates 411 can correspond to the silicon wafers 1 one by one.
When the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 are extracted, the carrying driving assembly 420 drives the supporting plate 411 to approach to the vacant surface of the basket 20 and enables the supporting plate 411 to be inserted into two adjacent clamping grooves, namely between two adjacent silicon wafers 1; after the supporting plate 411 is inserted, the conveying driving assembly 420 drives the supporting plate 411 to ascend, and the supporting plate 411 can receive a silicon wafer 1; the silicon chip 1 is lifted off the clamping groove by the supporting plate 411; subsequently, the carrier driving unit 420 drives the carrier 411 to retreat, so that the carrier 411 is separated from the basket 20, thereby performing the removal of the silicon wafer 1. The steps of placing the silicon chip 1 into the hollow basket 20 are the same; after the silicon wafer 1 is received on the supporting plate 411, the carrying driving assembly 420 drives the supporting plate 411 to be close to the vacant surface of the flower basket 20 and enables the supporting plate 411 to be inserted into the gap between two adjacent clamping grooves; at this time, the silicon wafer 1 on the supporting plate 411 can be inserted into the slot; subsequently, the carrier driving unit 420 drives the carrier 411 to descend, so that the silicon wafer 1 is dropped onto the pocket, the end of the silicon wafer 1 is received by the pocket, and the carrier 411 is separated from the silicon wafer 1.
It should be noted that the supporting surface of the supporting plate 411 is preferably smaller than the first surface or the second surface of the silicon wafer 1, so that when the supporting plate 411 is inserted between two adjacent slots, the supporting plate 441 is opposite to the portion of the silicon wafer 1 that is not placed in the slot, thereby preventing the movement of the supporting plate 411 from being interfered by the slot.
Further, in order to prevent the silicon wafer 1 on the supporting plate 411 from displacing or falling off in the process that the carrying driving assembly 420 drives the supporting plate 411 to move, the supporting plate 411 is provided with air holes which are communicated with a negative pressure device; the negative pressure device can pump air to the air holes, so that negative pressure is formed in the air holes, and the silicon wafer 1 is further sucked on the supporting plate 411.
Specifically, after the supporting plate 411 is driven by the carrying driving assembly 420, and the flower basket 20 is inserted into the supporting plate, and the silicon wafer 1 is received, the negative pressure device can pump air to the air hole, so that the air hole can suck the silicon wafer 1, and the silicon wafer 1 is stably positioned on the supporting plate 411 in the transferring process. Similarly, when the silicon wafer 1 is conveyed to the basket 20, the silicon wafer 1 is sucked on the supporting plate 411 through the air hole, and when the silicon wafer 1 is inserted into the clamping groove, the negative pressure device is closed, and the air hole is deflated, so that the silicon wafer 1 is separated from the supporting plate 411.
It should be added that when the material input mechanism 100 includes a plurality of input lines, the material output mechanism 200 may include only one output line, and can output a plurality of sets of flower baskets 20 at the same time; similarly, the transfer mechanism 300 may also include only one transfer line, which can transfer multiple flower baskets 20 simultaneously.
Alternatively, when the material input mechanism 100 includes the first input line 110 and the second input line 120, the material output mechanism 200 includes a first output line (not shown) and a second output line (not shown) arranged at intervals in the horizontal direction; the relay mechanism 300 includes a first relay line 310 and a second relay line 320; the first input line 110 and the first output line are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction, and the first transfer line 310 can move along the vertical direction and join the first input line 110 and the first output line; the second input line 120 and the second output line are arranged at a distance in the vertical direction, and the second transfer line 320 can move in the vertical direction to connect the second input line 120 and the second output line.
Specifically, the first input line 110, the first output line and the first transit line 310 are matched, so that loading and unloading of a group of flower baskets 20 and corresponding silicon wafers 1 can be realized; and the second input line 120, the second output line and the second transit line 320 are matched, so that loading and unloading of a group of flower baskets 20 and corresponding silicon wafers 1 can be realized. So, two sets of logistics line cooperations are used, just can go up the unloading operation to two sets of baskets of flowers 20 simultaneously, and then improve work efficiency.
The first input line 110 and the second input line 120, and the first output line and the second output line may all adopt mechanisms such as a conveyor belt, a conveyor roller, a conveyor platform, and a crown block, as long as the conveyance of the flower basket 20 can be realized, and the present application does not specifically limit the present invention.
The first and second transfer lines 310 and 320 may respectively include a platform 310 for receiving the flower basket 20, and a lift driving assembly 320 for driving the platform to move in a vertical direction.
Of course, it will be readily appreciated that the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200, and the diversion mechanism 300 may include more sets of corresponding logistics lines, if desired.
It should be noted that, in the centering mechanism 300, a plurality of sets of transfer lines may be arranged corresponding to the number of input lines and output lines, and the transfer lines may transfer the baskets 20 conveyed on the respective lines. Alternatively, the transfer lines of the transfer mechanism 300 may correspond to multiple input lines and output lines at the same time; for example, when two sets of input lines and output lines are provided, only one set of transfer lines may be provided, and at this time, the platform 310 of the transfer mechanism 300 for receiving the flower basket 20 can simultaneously engage with the output ends of two input lines, so as to simultaneously receive two sets of flower baskets 20 output by two input lines; after the flower basket 20 is in place, the lifting driving assembly 320 can drive the platform 310 to simultaneously carry the two groups of flower baskets 20 to move towards the two output lines; finally, the platform 310 simultaneously engages the input ends of the two output lines to facilitate feeding the two sets of baskets 20 into the output lines.
Further, similar to the above description of the embodiment of the centering mechanism 300, the first transfer line 310 and/or the second transfer line 320 may employ a conveyor assembly for receiving the platform 310 of the flower basket 20; through the circulation of conveyer belt, can realize the receipt and the output to basket of flowers 20 conveniently.
Similarly, the first transfer line 310 and/or the second transfer line 320 further include a fixing member 330; after the flower basket 20 enters the first transfer line 310 or the second transfer line 320, the fixing assembly 330 can fix the flower basket 20. The specific structure of the fixing element 330 can be referred to above, and is not described herein.
In addition, when the material input mechanism 100 and the material output mechanism 200 include a plurality of input lines and output lines, the carrying mechanism 400 may be correspondingly provided with a plurality of sets of carrying members 410 and carrying driving assemblies 420, so as to respectively pick and place the silicon wafer 1 for each set of input lines and output lines. Alternatively, a set of the carrying member 410 and the carrying driving assembly 420 of the carrying mechanism 400 may correspond to a plurality of input lines and output lines at the same time; for example, when two sets of input lines and output lines are provided, only one set of the carrier 410 and the carrier driving assembly 420 may be provided, and at this time, the carrier 410 has a plurality of extracting members (for example, a pallet 411) which can be driven by the carrier driving assembly 420 to respectively extend into the corresponding baskets 20 to pick and place the silicon wafer 1; thus, the conveying mechanism 400 can synchronously convey a plurality of groups of silicon wafers 1, and the working efficiency is further improved.
Further, in order to facilitate the action of the turnover mechanism 500 and optimize the spatial layout of the equipment, the loading and unloading device disclosed by the application further comprises a cache mechanism 600; the buffer mechanism 600 includes: the caching receiving assembly 610 is used for receiving the flower basket 20; the buffer transferring assembly 620 is connected to the buffer receiving assembly 610 and can drive the buffer receiving assembly 610 to reciprocate among the second input line 120, the turnover mechanism 500 and the transferring mechanism 300.
The buffer receiving assembly 610 is similar to the platform 310 of the transfer mechanism 300 for receiving the flower basket 20, and can receive the flower basket 20 which is conveyed by the second input line 120 and is fully loaded with the silicon wafers 1 to be processed; after the flower basket 20 is in place, the buffer transfer assembly 620 can drive the buffer receiving assembly 610 and drive the flower basket 20 to move towards the turnover mechanism 500, so that the turnover mechanism 500 can receive and take the flower basket 20 and turn over the flower basket.
The buffer receiving assembly 610 may be only a common receiving platform, or may be a conveyor belt assembly, and specifically refer to the structure of the platform of the transfer mechanism 300 for receiving the flower basket 20, which is not described herein again. The buffer transfer unit 620 may be driven by an electric cylinder, a linear module, or the like.
In one embodiment, referring to fig. 9, the second input line 120 conveys the flower basket 20 from left to right, and the buffer receiving assembly 610 is located at the output end of the second input line 120 (i.e. the right end of the second input line 120), and can directly receive the flower basket 2 input by the second input line 120; and the main body of the buffer transfer unit 620 extends in the up-down direction; after the cache material receiving assembly 610 receives the flower basket 2, the cache transfer assembly 620 drives the cache material receiving assembly 610 to move from top to bottom and reach a station corresponding to the turnover mechanism 500; the turnover mechanism 500 takes the flower basket 20 off the buffer material receiving assembly 610, carries out turnover, and then puts the turned flower basket 20 back to the buffer material receiving assembly 610; when the inverted flower basket 2 is in place, the buffer transfer component 620 drives the buffer receiving component 610 to move from bottom to top, and drives the inverted flower basket 20 to be in butt joint with the transit mechanism 300.
Additionally, the buffer mechanism 600 may return the flipped basket 20 to the second input line 120, and the second input line 120 withdraws the basket 20 and then transfers the basket 20 to the transfer mechanism 300. Alternatively, the buffer mechanism 600 may directly transfer the turned flower basket 20 to the transfer mechanism 300. For example, referring to fig. 9, when the inverted flower basket 2 is in place, the buffer transfer component 620 drives the buffer receiving component 610 to move from bottom to top, and brings the inverted flower basket 20 back to the initial station; at this time, the left end of the buffer receiving assembly 610 is connected to the second input line 120, and the right end is connected to the relay mechanism 300. Through setting the material receiving station of the cache material receiving assembly 610 between the second input line 120 and the transfer mechanism 300, after the flower basket 20 is turned over and returns to the material receiving station, the path of the flower basket 20 input into the transfer mechanism 300 from the material receiving station is consistent with the path of the flower basket 20 directly input into the transfer mechanism 300 from the second input line 120, so that the positions of the turned flower basket 20 and the flower basket 20 input into the first input line 110 in the transfer mechanism 300 are similar to the positions of the two groups of flower baskets 20 on the input lines, and subsequent processing is facilitated.
In other embodiments, according to the structure and position of the transfer mechanism 300, after the inverted flower basket 2 is in place, the buffer transfer component 620 may drive the buffer receiving component 610 to move towards the transfer mechanism 300, and only the transfer mechanism 300 is required to be on the conveying path of the buffer receiving component 610, so that the transfer of the flower basket 20 may be achieved.
It should be added that a buffer receiving assembly (the specific structure is similar to that of the buffer receiving assembly 610, and is not described herein again) may be disposed corresponding to the first input line 110. At this time, the buffer receiving assembly is not used for transferring the flower basket 20 among the first input line 110, the turnover mechanism 500 and the transferring mechanism 300 (of course, if the process has this requirement, a buffer transferring assembly may be correspondingly arranged to implement), and is only used for buffering the flower basket 20. Specifically, the transfer mechanism 300 receives the basket 20 loaded with the silicon wafer 1 to be processed and input by the first input line 110, that is, transfers the basket 20 to a first output line, and the carrying mechanism 400 carries out taking and placing of the silicon wafer 1 on the basket 20; in this process, a new basket 20 full of silicon wafers 1 to be processed may be supplied upstream via the first input line 110 to the transfer mechanism 300; when the beat problem occurs, the transfer mechanism 300 may not finish the processing of the silicon wafer 1 of the previous group of baskets 20; that is, the transfer mechanism 300 cannot be used to access a new set of flower baskets 20. Connect the material subassembly through setting up the buffer memory, can connect earlier when the beat problem appears and get a new set of basket of flowers 20, wait that transfer mechanism 300 returns to the material loading station, connect the basket of flowers 20 input of buffer memory in the material subassembly with the buffer memory again. Of course, the buffer receiving assembly 610 abutting against the second input line 120 may also have this function, and will not be described herein again.
Further, the loading and unloading device further comprises a correcting mechanism 700 which is arranged on one side of the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200 and/or the intermediate rotation mechanism 300 and can correct the silicon wafers 1 on the intermediate rotation mechanism 300 or the material output mechanism 200 and in the flower basket 20 so as to adjust the position states of the silicon wafers 1; referring to fig. 10, the alignment mechanism 700 includes a first alignment member 710 and a second alignment member 720 disposed opposite to each other, and an alignment driving member 730 capable of driving the first alignment member 710 and the second alignment member 720 to move relatively; after the flower basket 20 is in place, the alignment driving member 730 can drive the first alignment member 710 and the second alignment member 720 to move towards each other, so that the first alignment member 710 and the second alignment member 720 abut against the silicon wafers 1 protruding from two sides of the flower basket 20, and alignment is achieved.
For example, after the turnover mechanism 500 turns over the basket 20, the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 may be uneven, which may affect the carrying mechanism 400 to take the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20; alternatively, if the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 are not adjusted in time, the silicon wafers 1 may fall out of the basket 20 during the transportation of the basket 20 by the material input mechanism 100, the material output mechanism 200 or the transfer mechanism 300. Therefore, the alignment mechanism 700 is provided to adjust the silicon wafer 1 to a safe position, and to adjust all the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 to a uniform state, thereby facilitating the extraction by the carrying mechanism 400.
In one embodiment, the orientation shown in fig. 9 is taken as an example, in which the basket 20 conveyed to the material output mechanism 200 by the transfer mechanism 300 is provided with two side plates 23 in the vertical direction; at this time, one of the first and second leveling members 710 and 720 is disposed at the upper side and the other is disposed at the lower side, and the leveling driving member 730 drives the two leveling members to move toward each other, thereby "pressing" the silicon wafer 1 exposed from the side plate 23, and further aligning both sides of the silicon wafer 1 by the leveling members.
Further, the alignment mechanism 700 may include three alignment members, one being disposed above, another below, and yet another on the right, as illustrated in the orientation shown in FIG. 9; the upper and lower regulating parts move relatively, and the regulating parts arranged on the right move along the left and right directions; after the flower basket 20 is in place, the upper and lower regulating parts move oppositely to beat the upper and lower sides of each silicon wafer 1, and the right regulating part moves leftwards to match with the railing 24 to beat the left and right sides of each silicon wafer 1, so that the silicon wafers 1 are completely aligned.
The correcting piece can be a long plate opposite to the side plate 23 of the flower basket, and can correct all the silicon wafers 1 simultaneously when the silicon wafers 1 are extruded. The leveling drive 730 may be driven by a pneumatic cylinder, an electric cylinder, or the like.
It should be explained that the correcting mechanism 700 corrects the silicon wafers 1, so that the positions and states of the silicon wafers in the basket 20 are uniform, and the carrying mechanism 400 can conveniently take a plurality of silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 at the same time, at this time, the correcting mechanism 700 may be disposed on one side of the material input mechanism 100, on one side of the transfer mechanism 300, on one side of the buffer material receiving assembly 610, as long as the silicon wafers 1 can be corrected before the buffer material receiving assembly 610 carries the silicon wafers 1.
In addition, the regulating mechanism 700 can regulate the processed silicon wafers 1 so as to ensure that the silicon wafers 1 in the material output mechanism 200 cannot fall out when the material output mechanism 200 outputs the flower basket 20; in this case, the aligning mechanism 700 may be provided on the transfer mechanism 300 side or the material discharge mechanism 200, and may be provided only to align the silicon wafers 1 in the basket 20 after the processed silicon wafers 1 are placed in the basket 20.
Of course, according to the requirement, one side of the material input mechanism 100, the buffer receiving assembly 610, the transfer mechanism 300 and the material output mechanism 200 may be provided with a calibration mechanism 700.
Further, in order to receive the silicon wafer 1 to be processed and further provide the processed silicon wafer 1, the loading and unloading device disclosed by the application further comprises a material transfer mechanism 800; the material transfer mechanism 800 comprises a carrier disc 810 and a carrier disc driving assembly 820, wherein the carrier disc driving assembly 820 is connected with the carrier disc 810; after receiving the silicon wafer 1 to be processed, the carrying mechanism 400 can place the silicon wafer 1 into the loading tray 810; the carrier disk driving assembly 820 can drive the carrier disk 810 to move towards the processing equipment so as to facilitate the processing equipment to process the silicon wafer 1; the processed silicon wafer 1 is carried by the carrier plate 810 and driven by the carrier plate driving assembly 820 to return to the initial position, so that the handling mechanism 400 can receive the processed silicon wafer 1.
In one embodiment, the material transfer mechanism 800 may include only one set of boat 810 and boat drive assembly 820. In this embodiment, when the apparatus is just running, the carrier plate 810 is empty, and the handling mechanism 400 is required to extract and transfer the silicon wafer 1 to be processed from the flower basket 20; the carrying disc 810 can be configured to accommodate silicon wafers 1 carried by a plurality of groups of flower baskets 20; thus, the material input mechanism 100 needs to input the basket 20 full of the silicon wafer 1 to be processed multiple times to fill the loading tray 810; in the process, after the batch of flower baskets 20 is empty, the processed silicon wafers 1 can not be placed in the flower baskets 20, so that the batch of flower baskets 20 are empty when being output by the material output mechanism 200; after the carrying disc 810 is filled, the carrying disc is driven by a carrying disc driving assembly 820 to move to processing equipment for processing the silicon wafers 1 so as to send the silicon wafers 1 to be processed into the processing equipment; after the silicon wafer 1 is processed, the silicon wafer 1 is returned to the initial position by the material transfer mechanism 800, so that the processed silicon wafer 1 is conveyed into the empty basket 20 by the carrying mechanism 400; with processed silicon wafers 1 in the carrier plate 810, the handling mechanism 400 can handle a batch of silicon wafers 1 to be processed into the carrier plate 810 during one working cycle, and then can handle a batch of processed silicon wafers 1 from the carrier plate 810 back to the basket 20.
In another embodiment, referring to fig. 9, the material transfer mechanism 800 may include at least two sets of carrier trays 810 and carrier tray drive assemblies 820; in this way, when one set of the carrying discs 810 is fully loaded with the silicon wafer 1 to be processed, moves towards the processing equipment under the driving of the corresponding carrying disc driving assembly 820, and processes the silicon wafer 1, the other set of the carrying discs 810 can continue to carry the silicon wafer 1 to be processed. Meanwhile, after one set of the carrier discs 810 carries the processed silicon wafer 1 back, the other set of the carrier discs 810 can move towards the processing equipment to process the silicon wafer 1. Thus, the two sets of loading trays 810 alternately receive and process the silicon wafers 1; the equipment can be prevented from being stopped and waiting, and the working efficiency of the equipment is improved.
The carrier plate 810 can be a carrier table or a quartz boat; the carrier disk driving assembly 820 may be a trench component such as an electric cylinder, a linear module, etc.
In a specific embodiment, the loading and unloading device disclosed by the application comprises the following working steps:
two groups of flower baskets 20 fully loaded with silicon wafers 1 to be processed are respectively conveyed forwards by a first input line 110 and a second input line 120;
the two groups of flower baskets 20 are both transmission surfaces with the top plate 21 facing upwards and the bottom plate 22 contacting with the input lines;
the flower basket 20 on the second input line 120 enters the cache receiving assembly 610;
the buffer transferring component 620 drives the buffer receiving component 610 to move towards the turnover mechanism 500;
the turnover mechanism 500 takes the flower basket 20 and rotates the flower basket 20 by 180 degrees, so that the bottom plate 22 of the flower basket 20 faces upwards;
the turnover mechanism 500 returns the turned flower basket 20 to the buffer material receiving assembly 610;
the buffer transferring component 620 drives the buffer receiving component 610 to move to the transferring mechanism 300;
the transfer mechanism 300 receives two sets of baskets 20, wherein the top plate 21 of the basket 20 inputted by the first input line 110 faces upwards, and the bottom plate 22 of the basket 20 inputted by the buffer mechanism 600 faces upwards;
the transfer mechanism 300 conveys the two groups of flower baskets 20 to the material output mechanism 200;
the carrying mechanism 400 extracts two groups of silicon wafers 1 to be processed with different surfaces from two groups of the baskets 20, and sends the two groups of silicon wafers 1 to the carrying tray 810;
the carrying mechanism 400 puts down silicon wafers 1 to be processed, extracts two groups of processed silicon wafers 1 from the carrying disc 810, and conveys the two groups of silicon wafers 1 to the flower basket 20 which is arranged on the transfer mechanism 300 and is vacant;
after the baskets 20 are fully loaded with the processed silicon wafers 1, the transfer mechanism 300 sends the two groups of baskets 20 into the material output mechanism 200;
the material output mechanism 200 outputs the flower basket 20.
The above description is only an example of the present application and is not intended to limit the scope of the present application, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by the contents of the specification and the drawings, or which are directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are intended to be included within the scope of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. A loading device, comprising:
a material input mechanism (100) which can input a flower basket (20) full of silicon wafers (1) to be processed; the material input mechanism (100) comprises a first input line (110) and a second input line (120), the first input line (110) and the second input line (120) being respectively capable of inputting into a flower basket (20);
a turnover mechanism (500) which can extract the basket (20) loaded with the silicon wafer (1) to be processed and input by the second input line (120) and turn the basket (20) by 180 degrees;
a conveying mechanism (400) which can take out the silicon wafer (1) to be processed from the flower basket (20);
in one working cycle, the first input line (110) and the second input line (120) can be respectively input into a group of flower baskets (20), and when the carrying mechanism (400) receives silicon wafers (1) to be processed in the two groups of flower baskets (20), the first surface of one group of silicon wafers (1) faces upwards, and the second surface of the other group of silicon wafers (1) faces upwards.
2. A loading device according to claim 1, wherein said handling mechanism (400) comprises:
a carrier (410) for extracting the silicon wafer (1);
and the carrying driving assembly (420) is connected with the carrying piece (410) and can drive the carrying piece (410) to be close to or far away from the flower basket (20).
3. A loading device according to claim 2, wherein the flower basket (20) comprises two opposite side plates (23), and the side plates (23) are provided with a plurality of clamping grooves which are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction;
the clamping grooves on the two side plates (23) correspond to each other one by one to support two sides of the silicon wafer (1);
the carrying piece (410) comprises a plurality of pallets (411) arranged at intervals along the vertical direction; the carrying driving assembly (420) can drive the supporting plate (411) to extend into the space between two adjacent clamping grooves, so that the supporting plate (411) can bear the silicon wafers (1) in the clamping grooves.
4. A loading device according to claim 1, characterised in that said overturning mechanism (500) comprises:
a turnover extraction assembly (510) capable of extracting a basket of flowers (20) full of silicon wafers (1) to be processed;
and the overturning driving component (520) is connected with the overturning extraction component (510) and can drive the overturning extraction component (510) to rotate.
5. A loading device according to claim 4, wherein said overturning extraction assembly (510) comprises:
an extraction member (511) for extracting the flower basket (20);
a first extraction driving member (512) for driving the extraction member (511) in a horizontal direction to approach to an extraction basket (20);
a second extraction driving member (513) for driving the extraction member (511) to move along an arc so that the extraction member (511) lifts the basket (20) after the basket (20) is extracted by the extraction member (511).
6. A loading and unloading device, characterized by comprising the loading device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, and further comprising:
the material output mechanism (200) can output the basket (20) fully loaded with the processed silicon wafers (1); the material input mechanism (100) and the material output mechanism (200) are arranged at intervals along the vertical direction;
a transfer mechanism (300) capable of moving in a vertical direction;
the transfer mechanism (300) is arranged at the output end of the material input mechanism (100) and can receive the flower basket (20); subsequently, the transfer mechanism (300) is moved towards the material output mechanism (200), enabling the transfer of the flower basket (20) into the material output mechanism (200).
7. The loading and unloading device according to claim 6, wherein the transfer mechanism (300) comprises:
a platform (310) for receiving a flower basket (20);
and the lifting driving assembly (320) is connected with the platform (310) and can drive the platform (310) to move along the vertical direction.
8. The loading and unloading device according to claim 6, further comprising a buffer mechanism (600); the caching mechanism (600) comprises:
the buffer material receiving assembly (610) is used for receiving the flower basket (20);
the buffer transferring component (620) is connected with the buffer receiving component (610) and can drive the buffer receiving component (610) to reciprocate among the second input line (120), the turnover mechanism (500) and the transfer mechanism (300).
9. The loading and unloading device as recited in claim 6, further comprising a leveling mechanism (700) disposed at one side of the material input mechanism (100), the material output mechanism (200) and/or the transfer mechanism (300) and capable of leveling the silicon wafers (1) in the basket (20) to adjust the position states of the silicon wafers (1);
the correcting mechanism (700) comprises a first correcting piece (710) and a second correcting piece (720) which are arranged oppositely, and a correcting driving piece (730) which can drive the first correcting piece (710) and the second correcting piece (720) to move relatively;
after the flower basket (20) is in place, the correcting driving piece (730) can drive the first correcting piece (710) and the second correcting piece (720) to move oppositely, so that the first correcting piece (710) and the second correcting piece (720) abut against the silicon wafers (1) protruding from two sides of the flower basket (20), and correction is achieved.
10. The loading and unloading device according to claim 6, further comprising a material transfer mechanism (800); the material transfer mechanism (800) comprises a carrying disc (810) and a carrying disc driving assembly (820), wherein the carrying disc driving assembly (820) is connected with the carrying disc (810);
after the conveying mechanism (400) receives a silicon wafer (1) to be processed, the silicon wafer (1) can be placed into the carrying disc (810); the carrying disc driving assembly (820) can drive the carrying disc (810) to move towards a processing device so as to facilitate the processing device to process the silicon wafer (1);
the processed silicon wafer (1) is carried by the carrier disc (810), and returns to the initial position under the drive of the carrier disc drive assembly (820), so that a handling mechanism (400) can conveniently take the processed silicon wafer (1).
CN202021134810.3U 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 Feeding device and feeding and discharging device Active CN212412070U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113044539A (en) * 2021-04-23 2021-06-29 上海匠实半导体科技中心 Automatic feeding system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113044539A (en) * 2021-04-23 2021-06-29 上海匠实半导体科技中心 Automatic feeding system

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