CN212376061U - Civil engineering antidetonation device - Google Patents

Civil engineering antidetonation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212376061U
CN212376061U CN202020223553.4U CN202020223553U CN212376061U CN 212376061 U CN212376061 U CN 212376061U CN 202020223553 U CN202020223553 U CN 202020223553U CN 212376061 U CN212376061 U CN 212376061U
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seat
damping
piston
articulated
civil engineering
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CN202020223553.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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李红强
陈伟
刘公富
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李红强
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a civil engineering anti-seismic device, which comprises an outer shock absorption seat, wherein the bottom of the outer shock absorption seat is provided with a high-damping rubber seat; an inner shock absorption seat is arranged on the high-damping rubber seat; a plate spring is arranged between the side wall of the inner damping seat and the side wall of the outer damping seat; a hydraulic cylinder filled with hydraulic oil is fixedly arranged in the inner damping seat; a hydraulic piston rod with a supporting plate component fixedly arranged at the top enters from the top of the hydraulic cylinder body and is fixedly connected with a hydraulic piston head; the hydraulic piston head is provided with a plurality of fine holes; and the top of the support plate component is fixedly provided with an embedded part. The utility model discloses it is effectual to combat earthquake, simple structure.

Description

Civil engineering antidetonation device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an antidetonation technical field, in particular to civil engineering antidetonation device.
Background
An earthquake is a common and common natural phenomenon, also called earthquake and earth vibration, and is a vibration caused in the process of quickly releasing energy from the earth crust, and earthquake waves are generated in the earthquake. Earthquakes include tectonic earthquakes caused by geological tectonic activity, volcanic earthquakes caused by volcanic activity, and cave-in earthquakes caused by the collapse of solid rock formations, particularly limestone. Higher-level earthquakes can cause damage to civil engineering facilities, and particularly earthquakes above 4.5 level can cause serious safety threats to civil engineering facilities such as houses, bridges, roads and the like.
The traditional earthquake-resistant mode uses the integral structure of a reinforced building, but the mode still cannot cope with high-grade or high-intensity earthquakes, the problems of breakage and the like are easy to occur, and more escape time or escape opportunities cannot be provided for users.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to compensate for the not enough of prior art, the utility model provides a civil engineering antidetonation device.
The utility model discloses specifically realize through following mode:
an anti-seismic device for civil engineering comprises an outer shock absorption seat, wherein a high-damping rubber seat is arranged at the bottom of the outer shock absorption seat; an inner shock absorption seat is arranged on the high-damping rubber seat; a plate spring is arranged between the side wall of the inner damping seat and the side wall of the outer damping seat; a hydraulic cylinder filled with hydraulic oil is fixedly arranged in the inner damping seat; a hydraulic piston rod with a supporting plate component fixedly arranged at the top enters from the top of the hydraulic cylinder body and is fixedly connected with a hydraulic piston head; the hydraulic piston head is provided with a plurality of fine holes; and the top of the support plate component is fixedly provided with an embedded part.
The supporting plate assembly is of a multilayer structure fixed together by bolts and comprises a lower supporting plate fixedly connected with the hydraulic piston rod, an upper supporting plate at the top and a plurality of shock-absorbing rubber pads positioned between the two supporting plates; the embedded part is fixedly arranged at the top of the upper supporting plate.
The shock absorber further comprises a first spring arranged between the supporting plate group and the bottom of the inner shock absorption seat.
The high damping rubber seat is equipped with the through-hole, install the subassembly that slides between the base of interior shock mount and the base of outer shock mount, the subassembly that slides is located in the through-hole.
The sliding assembly comprises a first lower hinge seat, a second lower hinge seat and a third lower hinge seat which are fixed on the bottom wall of the outer shock absorption seat and arranged in a triangular manner, and a first upper hinge seat, a second upper hinge seat and a third upper hinge seat which are fixed at the bottom of the inner shock absorption seat and arranged in a triangular manner; by the area of the regular triangle that articulated seat constitutes under first articulated seat, the second, the third will be greater than by articulated seat, the area of the regular triangle that articulated seat constitutes on articulated seat, the second on the first articulated seat, the third on articulated seat, all articulated between articulated seat on first articulated seat and the first articulated seat, the second have a damping piston subassembly articulated between articulated seat and the first articulated seat, the third on articulated seat under the second all articulated have a damping piston subassembly articulated on articulated seat and the second on articulated seat, the third on articulated seat all articulated have a damping piston subassembly.
The damping piston assembly comprises a piston with a first hinge part mounted at the top end and a piston cylinder for accommodating the piston; a second spring is arranged between the piston and the bottom of the piston cylinder; and the bottom end of the piston cylinder is provided with a second hinge.
And high-damping rubber is filled between the plate spring and the side wall of the outer damping seat.
The embedded part is T-shaped.
The utility model discloses following technological effect has: the utility model discloses a cooperation of the yielding rubber, hydraulic shock-absorbing component, first spring, high damping rubber pad and the subassembly cushioning effect that slides in the supporting plate subassembly can effectively offset vibrations from top to bottom, cooperation of cushioning effects such as leaf spring, subassembly that slides can the limited vibrations that offset the horizontal direction, reduce or reduce vibrations to the destructive action of civil engineering facility, the antidetonation is effectual, can provide more sufficient time for escaping or more chances of fleing for the personnel; simultaneously the utility model discloses novel structure is simple, production preparation is convenient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the damping piston assembly of the present invention.
In the figure, 1-embedded part, 2-bolt, 3-upper supporting plate, 4-inner damping seat, 4-1-bottom plate, 5-outer damping seat, 6-plate spring, 7-high damping rubber, 8-first spring, 9-hydraulic cylinder body, 10-hydraulic oil, 11-first lower hinging seat, 12-first upper hinging seat, 14-second upper hinging seat, 15-second lower hinging seat, 16-third upper hinging seat, 17-third lower hinging seat, 18-damping piston component, 18-1-first hinging part, 18-2-first hinging lug, 18-3 first screw connecting seat, 18-4-piston, 18-5-limiting pipe, 18-6-piston cylinder, 18-7 second spring, 18-8-second hinge piece, 18-9-second screw joint seat, 18-10-second hinge lug, 18-11-piston head, 19-high damping rubber seat, 20-hydraulic piston head, 21-pore, 22-hydraulic piston rod, 23-lower support plate and 24-shock-absorbing rubber layer.
Detailed Description
The following are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are also included in the scope of the present invention.
The fixing connection or fixing installation manner in this embodiment includes, but is not limited to, a fixing connection manner known in the prior art, such as screwing, welding, etc.; the terms of orientation such as "left", "right", "inner", "outer", etc. described in this embodiment are for convenience of description only, and the bands represent the limitations of the respective components in the embodiment; the terms "first", "second", and the like are used for distinguishing only, and do not indicate importance of individual components or order of mounting, nor do they indicate differences between components.
Fig. 1 to fig. 2 are the utility model discloses a concrete embodiment, this embodiment provides a civil engineering antidetonation device, including outer damper 5, install a step form and the high damping rubber seat 19 that the middle part was equipped with the through-hole in the bottom of outer damper 5, damper 4 in installing on high damping rubber seat 19. Between the base 4-1 of the inner shock absorber 4 and the base of the outer shock absorber 5 is mounted a sliding assembly which at least allows the inner shock absorber 4 to move in a horizontal plane, this sliding assembly being surrounded by a high damping rubber seat 19. Wherein the bottom area of the base 4-1 of the inner damping seat 4 is larger than the bottom area of the body of the inner damping seat 4, and the base 4-1 is seated on the high damping rubber seat 19. A plate spring 6 is installed between the side wall of the inner cushion socket 4 and the side wall of the outer cushion socket 5, and a gap between the plate spring 6 and the side wall of the outer cushion socket 5 is filled with high damping rubber 7.
The hydraulic cylinder 9 is fixedly installed in the inner shock absorption seat 4, hydraulic oil 10 is filled in the cylinder, a hydraulic piston rod 22 with a supporting plate assembly fixedly installed at the top enters from the top of the hydraulic cylinder 9 and is fixedly connected with a hydraulic piston head 20, and the diameter of the hydraulic piston head 20 is equal to the inner diameter of the hydraulic cylinder 9 and is provided with a plurality of through fine holes 21. Still install first spring 8 between the diapire of backup pad subassembly and interior cushion socket 4, this first spring 8 cover is outside hydraulic cylinder body 9, and top and backup pad subassembly fixed connection, bottom and the diapire fixed connection of interior cushion socket 4, and first spring 8 cover can also directly be placed between the diapire of backup pad subassembly and interior cushion socket 4 certainly.
The supporting plate assembly is of a multi-layer structure fixed together by bolts 2 and comprises a lower supporting plate 23 fixedly connected with a hydraulic piston rod 22, an upper supporting plate 3 at the top and a plurality of shock-absorbing rubber pads 24 positioned between the two supporting plates, wherein the top of the upper supporting plate 3 is provided with a plurality of T-shaped embedded parts 1, and the binding force between the embedded parts 1 and a building can be effectively increased. Namely, the bolt 2 sequentially penetrates through the lower support plate 23, the shock-absorbing rubber pad 24 and the upper support plate 3, and then the lower support plate 23, the shock-absorbing rubber pad 24 and the upper support plate 3 are fixed together by the cooperation of nuts to form a multilayer structure. Of course the support plate assembly may be just one support plate.
The sliding assembly comprises a first lower hinge seat 11, a second lower hinge seat 15 and a third lower hinge seat 17 which are fixed on the bottom wall of the outer shock absorption seat 5 and are arranged in a regular triangle central symmetry manner, and a first upper hinge seat 12, a second upper hinge seat 14 and a third upper hinge seat 16 which are fixed on the bottom of the inner shock absorption seat 4 and are arranged in a regular triangle central symmetry manner; the area of the regular triangle formed by the first lower hinged seat 11, the second lower hinged seat 15 and the third lower hinged seat 17 is larger than the area of the regular triangle formed by the first upper hinged seat 12, the second upper hinged seat 14 and the third upper hinged seat 16, and the centers of the upper virtual triangle and the lower virtual triangle can be on the same straight line. Damping piston assemblies 18 are hinged between the first lower hinged seat 11 and the first upper hinged seat 12 and the second upper hinged seat 14, damping piston assemblies 18 are hinged between the second lower hinged seat 15 and the first upper hinged seat 12 and the third upper hinged seat 16, and damping piston assemblies 18 are hinged between the third lower hinged seat 17 and the second upper hinged seat 14 and the third upper hinged seat 16. Of course, the respective upper hinge seats or the respective lower hinge seats do not necessarily have to be arranged symmetrically with respect to the center of the regular triangle, but may be arranged in a triangular shape.
The damping piston assembly 18 comprises a piston 18-4 with a first hinge part 18-1 mounted at the top end, and a piston cylinder 18-6 for accommodating the piston 18-4, wherein a limiting pipe 18-5 is screwed on the top of the piston cylinder 18-6, the piston 18-4 penetrates through the limiting pipe 18-5, and the piston head 18-11 of the piston 18-4 is larger than the inner diameter of the limiting pipe 18-5. A second spring 18-7 is arranged between the piston head 18-11 and the bottom of the piston cylinder 18-6, and two ends of the second spring 18-7 are fixedly connected with the piston head 18-11 and the bottom of the piston cylinder 18-6 respectively. A second hinge part 18-8 is arranged at the bottom end of the piston cylinder 18-6.
The first hinge part 18-1 comprises a first screw connection seat 18-3 in threaded connection with the top end of the piston 18-4 and a first connection lug 18-2 fixed on the top of the first screw connection seat 18-3, and the first screw connection seat 18-3 is in threaded connection with the top end of the piston 18-3 through a threaded blind hole; the second hinge part 18-8 comprises a second screw joint seat 18-9 in threaded connection with the bottom end of the piston cylinder 18-6 and a second connecting lug 18-10 fixed at the bottom of the second screw joint seat 18-9, and the second screw joint seat 18-9 is in threaded connection with the bottom end of the piston cylinder 18-6 through a threaded blind hole.
Of course, the sliding component can also be only a plurality of metal balls placed between the bottom of the inner shock absorbing seat 4 and the outer shock absorbing seat 5; the shock absorbing piston assembly 18 may also be configured like a shock absorbing mount for a motorcycle.
When in use, the embedded parts are embedded into a building, and the outer shock absorption seat 5 is arranged in the foundation. When up-and-down vibration occurs, up-and-down shaking pressure of a building is transmitted to the upper supporting plate 3, the damping rubber layer 24 is extruded to finish primary damping, the residual energy continues to extrude the first spring 8 and the hydraulic piston rod 22 through the lower supporting plate 23, the first spring 8 is compressed to generate damping, meanwhile, the hydraulic piston head 20 moves downwards, the hydraulic oil 10 moves in the direction of the fine holes 21, and the fine holes 21 also generate great damping; the remaining energy continues to compress the high damping rubber seat 19 and the glide assembly, and the second spring 18-7 in the damping piston assembly 18 of the glide assembly is compressed, so that the high damping rubber seat 19 and the glide assembly also produce higher damping.
When there is a horizontal shock, the inner shock absorbing seat 4 horizontally presses the plate spring 6 and the high damping rubber 7, part of the high damping rubber seat 19, so that these components are damped, and the horizontal movement of the inner shock absorbing seat 4 also drives the shock absorbing piston assembly 18 to rotate around the hinge point, and simultaneously a part of the shock absorbing piston assembly 18 is compressed and a part of the shock absorbing piston assembly 18 is extended, so that the second spring 18-7 is also damped.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a civil engineering antidetonation device, includes outer shock mount (5), its characterized in that: the bottom of the outer shock absorption seat (5) is provided with a high-damping rubber seat (19); the high-damping rubber seat (19) is provided with an inner damping seat (4); a plate spring (6) is arranged between the side wall of the inner damping seat (4) and the side wall of the outer damping seat (5); a hydraulic cylinder body (9) filled with hydraulic oil (10) is fixedly arranged in the inner shock absorption seat (4); a hydraulic piston rod (22) with a supporting plate component fixedly arranged at the top enters from the top of the hydraulic cylinder body (9) and is fixedly connected with a hydraulic piston head (20); the hydraulic piston head (20) is provided with a plurality of fine holes (21); and the top of the support plate component is fixedly provided with an embedded part (1).
2. Civil engineering anti-seismic device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the supporting plate assembly is of a multilayer structure fixed together by bolts (2), and comprises a lower supporting plate (23) fixedly connected with the hydraulic piston rod (22), an upper supporting plate (3) at the top and a plurality of shock-absorbing rubber pads (24) positioned between the two supporting plates; the embedded part (1) is fixedly arranged at the top of the upper supporting plate (3).
3. Civil engineering seismic device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the shock absorber further comprises a first spring (8) arranged between the supporting plate group and the bottom of the inner shock absorption seat (4).
4. Civil engineering seismic device according to claim 3, characterized in that: the high-damping rubber seat (19) is provided with a through hole, a sliding assembly is installed between the base (4-1) of the inner damping seat (4) and the base of the outer damping seat (5), and the sliding assembly is located in the through hole.
5. Civil engineering antidetonation device of claim 4, characterized in that: the sliding assembly comprises a first lower hinged seat (11), a second lower hinged seat (15) and a third lower hinged seat (17) which are fixed on the bottom wall of the outer shock absorption seat (5) and arranged in a triangular manner, and a first upper hinged seat (12), a second upper hinged seat (14) and a third upper hinged seat (16) which are fixed on the bottom of the inner shock absorption seat (4) and arranged in a triangular manner; by the area of the regular triangle that articulated seat (15), third articulated seat (17) constitute under first articulated seat (11), the second will be greater than by articulated seat (14), third on articulated seat (12) on the first, articulated seat (14), the third on the first area of the regular triangle that articulated seat (16) constitutes all articulate damping piston subassembly (18) on articulated seat (11) and the first articulated seat (12), the second all articulate damping piston subassembly (18) on articulated seat (15) and the first articulated seat (12), the third on articulated seat (16) all articulate damping piston subassembly (18) under the second articulated seat (17) and the second on articulated seat (14), the third on articulated seat (16) all articulate damping piston subassembly (18).
6. Civil engineering antidetonation device of claim 5, characterized in that: the damping piston assembly (18) comprises a piston (18-4) with a first hinge part (18-1) mounted at the top end, and a piston cylinder (18-6) for accommodating the piston (18-4); a second spring (18-7) is arranged between the piston (18-4) and the bottom of the piston cylinder (18-6); and a second hinge part (18-8) is arranged at the bottom end of the piston cylinder (18-6).
7. Civil engineering antidetonation device of claim 6, characterized in that: and high-damping rubber (7) is filled between the plate spring (6) and the side wall of the outer damping seat (5).
8. Civil engineering antidetonation device of claim 7, characterized in that: the embedded part (1) is T-shaped.
CN202020223553.4U 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Civil engineering antidetonation device Active CN212376061U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020223553.4U CN212376061U (en) 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Civil engineering antidetonation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020223553.4U CN212376061U (en) 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Civil engineering antidetonation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212376061U true CN212376061U (en) 2021-01-19

Family

ID=74156762

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020223553.4U Active CN212376061U (en) 2020-02-28 2020-02-28 Civil engineering antidetonation device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212376061U (en)

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