CN212369818U - Flue gas treatment device - Google Patents

Flue gas treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212369818U
CN212369818U CN201922323665.7U CN201922323665U CN212369818U CN 212369818 U CN212369818 U CN 212369818U CN 201922323665 U CN201922323665 U CN 201922323665U CN 212369818 U CN212369818 U CN 212369818U
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chamber
gravity settling
dust
adsorption
settling chamber
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CN201922323665.7U
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屠建国
熊国光
屠亮
屠晓波
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Sichuan Jingfeng Machinery Co ltd
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Sichuan Jingfeng Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a flue gas processing apparatus, this device have replaced bulky sack cleaner, including gravity dust collector, clarifier and draught fan, gravity dust collector includes gravity settling chamber and dust collecting chamber, and the butt joint of gravity settling chamber and dust collecting chamber, and the gravity settling chamber is located the upper end, and gravity settling chamber top is equipped with first air inlet, is equipped with first gas outlet on the lateral wall of gravity settling chamber, and first gas outlet is close to the up end setting, and the admission line of first air inlet stretches into the gravity settling chamber and extends to gravity settling chamber and dust collecting chamber butt joint department upside. The utility model discloses utilize the dust of great granule under gravity and inertial force effect, reduce the airflow velocity suddenly and change the flow direction can effectual granule dust and gas separation, realize the effect of removing dust to reduce the content that gets into the flue gas dust in the adsorption chamber and the size of dust, the effectual time that each adsorption unit used that has increased of adsorption chamber reduces and changes the frequency, reduces use cost.

Description

Flue gas treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a waste incineration flue gas treatment technical field, the more specifically flue gas processing apparatus that says so.
Background
With the continuous improvement of the quality of life, in our daily life, a large amount of garbage including household garbage and kitchen garbage is generated, aiming at the problems that the generation amount of the garbage is increasing, the timely treatment of the garbage is a very serious environmental protection problem, and the improper treatment of the garbage brings about a lot of environmental pollution and convenience, at present, the treatment of the garbage adopts two modes of a natural treatment method and an incineration method, the natural treatment method is to bury the garbage in soil and decompose the garbage through fungi of the nature, and the incineration method is to eliminate the garbage through a combustion mode. The former method consumes too much time and has small treatment capacity, and the requirement of garbage treatment cannot be met; the combustion mode can meet the requirement of treatment capacity, but the combustion process can generate a large amount of smoke, easily causes air pollution and reduces the air quality. Therefore, before the flue gas is discharged, the flue gas passes through various flue gas treatment towers, so that the flue gas meets the discharge requirement.
However, because of incineration, the flue gas contains a large amount of large-particle dust, and if the flue gas directly passes through the flue gas treatment tower, the dust is easily precipitated on each absorption layer in the treatment tower, so that airflow blockage of the treatment tower is caused, the flue gas effect is poor, the absorption medium of the internal absorption layer needs to be frequently replaced, and the use cost is increased.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome prior art not enough, provide a flue gas processing apparatus, the utility model discloses utilize the dust of great granule under gravity and inertial force effect, reduce the airflow velocity suddenly and change the flow direction can effectual granule dust and gas separation, realize the effect of removing dust to reduce the content that gets into the flue gas dust in the adsorption chamber and the size of dust, the effectual time that each adsorption unit used of adsorption chamber that has increased reduces and changes the frequency, reduces use cost.
The purpose of the utility model is realized through the following technical scheme: the flue gas treatment device comprises a gravity dust collector, a purifier and an induced draft fan, wherein the gravity dust collector comprises a gravity settling chamber and a dust collecting chamber, the gravity settling chamber is in butt joint with the dust collecting chamber and is positioned at the upper end, a first gas outlet is formed in the top end of the gravity settling chamber, a first gas inlet is formed in the side wall of the gravity settling chamber and is close to the upper end face, a pipeline of the first gas outlet extends into the gravity settling chamber and extends to the upper side of the butt joint of the gravity settling chamber and the dust collecting chamber, and a spiral drainage plate is arranged between the pipeline of the first gas outlet and the inner wall of the gravity settling chamber;
the clarifier includes adsorption chamber and spray room, be equipped with the second air inlet on the lateral wall of spray room, and the second air inlet is close to the bottom of spray room, the second air inlet with first gas outlet intercommunication, the lateral wall of adsorption chamber is equipped with the third air inlet, the inside of spray room is equipped with the shower, installs the shower nozzle on the shower, the shower nozzle all sets up down, is equipped with the second gas outlet on the lateral wall of spray room, and the second gas outlet is located the below of shower, the third air inlet with second gas outlet intercommunication, the adsorption chamber top is equipped with the third gas outlet, the third gas outlet with the draught fan intercommunication.
Furthermore, a dust removal net is arranged at the inlet of the pipeline of the first air outlet.
Furthermore, an observation window is arranged on the side wall of the gravity settling chamber and is positioned above the dust removal net.
Further, be equipped with at least one deck absorption unit in the adsorption chamber, the absorption unit includes that the medium holds the ware and locates hold the adsorption medium in the ware, hold the ware and take out the formula of inserting to locate in the adsorption chamber, hold the ware and include annular wall and locate the inside net bottom plate of annular wall cavity.
Further, it comprises a plurality of chambeies that hold to hold the ware, and is a plurality of hold the chamber relatively independent, and all be equipped with the handle on a plurality of chambeies that hold.
Furthermore, the inner wall of the adsorption chamber is provided with an annular support plate for supporting the containing vessel, and the inner wall of the adsorption chamber is also provided with a triangular rib plate for supporting the annular support plate.
Furthermore, the holding vessel and the attaching edge of the outer wall of the adsorption chamber are provided with sealant.
Furthermore, a flower ball layer is arranged in the spraying chamber, and PP flower balls are filled in the flower ball layer.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model discloses utilize the dust of great granule under gravity and inertial force effect, reduce the airflow velocity suddenly and change the flow direction can effectual granule dust and gas separation, realize the effect of removing dust to reduce the content that gets into the flue gas dust in the adsorption chamber and the size of dust, the effectual time that each adsorption unit used that has increased of adsorption chamber reduces and changes the frequency, reduces use cost.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the containing vessel of the utility model.
In the figure, 1-gravity dust collector, 11-gravity settling chamber, 12-dust collecting chamber, 13-first air outlet, 14-first air inlet, 15-observation window, 16-spiral flow guide plate, 2-purifier, 21-adsorption chamber, 211-adsorption unit, 2111-annular wall, 2112-grid bottom plate, 22-spray chamber, 221-spray pipe, 222-spray head, 223-ball layer, 23-annular support plate, 24-triangular rib plate and 3-induced draft fan.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. The components of embodiments of the present invention, as generally described and illustrated in the figures herein, may be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate the position or positional relationship based on the position or positional relationship shown in the drawings, or the position or positional relationship which is usually placed when the product of the present invention is used, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific position, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
The terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The terms "parallel", "perpendicular", etc. do not require that the components be absolutely parallel or perpendicular, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "parallel" merely means that the directions are more parallel relative to "perpendicular," and does not mean that the structures are necessarily perfectly parallel, but may be slightly tilted.
The terms "horizontal", "vertical", "overhang" and the like do not imply that the components are required to be absolutely horizontal, vertical or overhang, but may be slightly inclined. For example, "horizontal" merely means that the direction is more horizontal than "vertical" and does not mean that the structure must be perfectly horizontal, but may be slightly inclined.
Furthermore, the terms "substantially", and the like are intended to indicate that the relative terms are not necessarily strictly required, but may have some deviation. For example: "substantially equal" does not mean absolute equality, but it is difficult to achieve absolute equality in actual production and operation, and certain deviations generally exist. Thus, in addition to absolute equality, "substantially equal" also includes the above-described case where there is some deviation. In this case, unless otherwise specified, terms such as "substantially", and the like are used in a similar manner to those described above.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a technical solution: flue gas treatment device, including gravity dust collector 1, clarifier 2 and draught fan 3, gravity dust collector 1 includes gravity settling chamber 11 and dust collecting chamber 12, gravity settling chamber 11 with dust collecting chamber 12 docks, and gravity settling chamber 11 is located the upper end, gravity settling chamber 11 top is equipped with first gas outlet 13, is equipped with first air inlet 14 on the lateral wall of gravity settling chamber 11, and first air inlet 14 is close to the up end setting, the pipeline of first gas outlet 13 stretches into gravity settling chamber 11 and extends to gravity settling chamber 11 and dust collecting chamber 12 butt joint department upside, be equipped with spiral drainage plate 16 between the pipeline of first gas outlet 13 and the inner wall of gravity settling chamber 11; the pipeline inlet of the first air outlet 13 is provided with a dust removal net, large particle dust after precipitation can be placed through the dust removal net and cannot float again under the influence of air flow, so that the large particle dust enters the spraying chamber 22, dust can be removed for the second time, and the size of the dust entering the adsorption chamber 21 is reduced again. Be equipped with observation window 15 on the lateral wall of gravity settling chamber 11, observation window 15 is located the below of dust removal net, observation window 15 not only can observe whether the dust screen blocks up because of the excessive dust that deposits leads to, can also utilize observation window 15 to clean the dust screen, guarantees normal air current circulation.
Purifier 2 includes adsorption chamber 21 and spray chamber 22, be equipped with the second air inlet on spray chamber 22's the lateral wall, and the second air inlet is close to spray chamber 22's bottom, the second air inlet with first gas outlet 13 intercommunication, adsorption chamber 21's lateral wall are equipped with the third air inlet, spray chamber 22's inside is equipped with shower 221, installs shower nozzle 222 on the shower nozzle 221, shower nozzle 222 all sets up down, is equipped with the second gas outlet on spray chamber 22's the lateral wall, and the second gas outlet is located shower 221's below, the third air inlet with second gas outlet intercommunication, adsorption chamber 21 top is equipped with the third gas outlet, the third gas outlet with draught fan 3 intercommunication.
At least one layer of adsorption unit 211 is arranged in the adsorption chamber 21, the adsorption unit 211 comprises a medium containing vessel and an adsorption medium arranged in the vessel, the containing vessel is arranged in the adsorption chamber 21 in a drawing and inserting mode and comprises an annular wall 2111 and a grid bottom plate 2112 arranged in the hollow part of the annular wall 2111. The adsorption medium is convenient to replace, the replacement time is saved, the working efficiency is improved, and the time for stopping the equipment is effectively reduced.
The holding vessel is composed of a plurality of holding cavities which are relatively independent, and a plurality of holding cavities are provided with handles. When a plurality of holding cavities are formed and the adsorption medium can be replaced, the effect of purifying a small amount of smoke can be achieved, so that the smoke can not be stopped when replaced, and only the amount of entering the smoke needs to be reduced.
The adsorption medium comprises one or more of stainless steel wire winding groups, ceramsite, foamed ceramic and activated carbon. Because the adsorption media made of inert materials such as stainless steel wire winding groups, ceramsite, foamed ceramic and the like can be regenerated, the resource saving is realized, and the adsorption media made of non-inert materials such as activated carbon and the like can be subjected to clean incineration treatment.
The inner wall of the adsorption chamber 21 is provided with an annular support plate 23 for supporting the containing vessel, and the inner wall of the adsorption chamber 21 is also provided with a triangular rib plate 24 for supporting the annular support plate 23. Annular support plate 23 is used for supporting and holds the ware, avoids holding the ware installation and appears becoming flexible, causes to hold the ware and drops in adsorption chamber 21, and the further strong supporting role of triangle gusset 24 makes to support more firmly reliably.
And sealant is arranged on the joint edge of the holding vessel and the outer wall of the adsorption chamber 21. The whole air tightness of the adsorption chamber 21 is ensured, and the air leakage is avoided.
A flower ball layer 223 is arranged in the spray chamber 22, and the flower ball layer 223 is filled with PP flower balls. The contact area of the flue gas and the spraying is increased, so that the cleaning and the purification are more thorough.
The foregoing is illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise forms disclosed herein, and that various other combinations, modifications, and environments may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. But that modifications and variations may be effected by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, which is to be limited only by the claims appended hereto.

Claims (8)

1. Flue gas processing apparatus, its characterized in that: the device comprises a gravity dust collector (1), a purifier (2) and a draught fan (3), wherein the gravity dust collector (1) comprises a gravity settling chamber (11) and a dust collecting chamber (12), the gravity settling chamber (11) is in butt joint with the dust collecting chamber (12), the gravity settling chamber (11) is located at the upper end, a first gas outlet (13) is formed in the top end of the gravity settling chamber (11), a first gas inlet (14) is formed in the side wall of the gravity settling chamber (11), the first gas inlet (14) is arranged close to the upper end face, a pipeline of the first gas outlet (13) extends into the gravity settling chamber (11) and extends to the upper side of the butt joint of the gravity settling chamber (11) and the dust collecting chamber (12), and a spiral drainage plate (16) is arranged between the pipeline of the first gas outlet (13) and the inner wall of the gravity settling chamber (11);
purifier (2) are including adsorption chamber (21) and spray room (22), be equipped with the second air inlet on the lateral wall of spray room (22), and the second air inlet is close to the bottom of spray room (22), the second air inlet with first gas outlet (13) intercommunication, the lateral wall of adsorption chamber (21) are equipped with the third air inlet, the inside of spray room (22) is equipped with shower (221), installs shower nozzle (222) on shower (221), shower nozzle (222) all set up down, are equipped with the second gas outlet on the lateral wall of spray room (22), and the second gas outlet is located the below of shower (221), the third air inlet with second gas outlet intercommunication, adsorption chamber (21) top is equipped with the third gas outlet, the third gas outlet with draught fan (3) intercommunication.
2. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: and a dust removal net is arranged at the pipeline inlet of the first air outlet (13).
3. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 2, wherein: and an observation window (15) is arranged on the side wall of the gravity settling chamber (11), and the observation window (15) is positioned above the dust removal net.
4. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the adsorption chamber
(21) Be equipped with at least one deck adsorption unit (211) in, adsorption unit (211) hold the ware and locate including the medium adsorption medium who holds in the ware, hold the ware and take out the formula of inserting to locate in adsorption chamber (21), hold the ware and include annular wall (2111) and locate annular wall (2111) inside grid bottom plate (2112) of cavity.
5. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 4, wherein: the holding vessel is composed of a plurality of holding cavities which are relatively independent, and a plurality of holding cavities are provided with handles.
6. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 4, wherein: be equipped with on adsorption chamber (21) inner wall and be used for supporting annular support plate (23) that hold the ware, still be equipped with on adsorption chamber (21) inner wall and be used for supporting triangular gusset (24) of annular support plate (23).
7. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 4, wherein: and sealant is arranged on the joint edge of the holding vessel and the outer wall of the adsorption chamber (21).
8. The flue gas treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the spray chamber (22) is internally provided with a flower ball layer (223), and the flower ball layer (223) is filled with PP flower balls.
CN201922323665.7U 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Flue gas treatment device Active CN212369818U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922323665.7U CN212369818U (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Flue gas treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922323665.7U CN212369818U (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Flue gas treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212369818U true CN212369818U (en) 2021-01-19

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922323665.7U Active CN212369818U (en) 2019-12-20 2019-12-20 Flue gas treatment device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN212369818U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113617148A (en) * 2021-08-03 2021-11-09 宿迁小白羊生态环境科技有限公司 Multistage dust waste gas solid particulate matter purifier

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113617148A (en) * 2021-08-03 2021-11-09 宿迁小白羊生态环境科技有限公司 Multistage dust waste gas solid particulate matter purifier

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