CN212339398U - Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump - Google Patents

Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212339398U
CN212339398U CN202021526740.6U CN202021526740U CN212339398U CN 212339398 U CN212339398 U CN 212339398U CN 202021526740 U CN202021526740 U CN 202021526740U CN 212339398 U CN212339398 U CN 212339398U
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water
heat
hot water
heat pump
pipeline
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CN202021526740.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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高旭
王勇
武文凯
王川川
韩栋
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Qingdao Daneng Environmental Protection Equipment Inc Co
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Qingdao Daneng Environmental Protection Equipment Inc Co
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The utility model provides a life hot water supply device based on solar energy and transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, including the heat accumulation jar, lower water-locator, cold water female pipe, the moisturizing pipeline, the circulating pump, the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, go up the water-locator, the hot water female pipe, life hot water branch pipe, the hot water working shaft, waste water discharge pipe, the waste water storage tank, be located between waste water storage tank and the heat pump and install the waste water booster pump on waste water discharge pipe, the solar energy heating water pipeline that is connected with cold water female pipe, install the heat collector circulating pump on solar energy heating water pipeline, install on solar energy heating water pipeline and be connected with the hot water female pipe, a solar collector for absorbing solar radiation and heating water. The refrigerant disclosed by the invention is high in environmental friendliness, high in water supply temperature, high in intelligent hot water supply and capable of recovering waste heat of waste water, saving energy and saving energy. The hot water supply device can be widely applied to domestic hot water supply of residents and commercial users, and is particularly suitable for domestic hot water supply of large-scale residents and commercial users.

Description

Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump
Technical Field
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump, which can be widely applied to domestic hot water supply of residents and commercial users, and is particularly suitable for domestic hot water supply of large-scale residents and commercial users.
Background
With the improvement of living standard, the demand of domestic hot water is more and more, and the supply of domestic hot water for residents and businesses at present mainly depends on a gas boiler, an electric boiler and other industrial boilers. The gas boiler is restricted by natural inherence of lack of natural gas and higher price of gas in China, and technical development is restricted. The electric boiler adopts a direct heating mode to supply heat, converts high-grade electric energy into low-grade heat energy, and is great waste of the electric energy. The traditional heat pump using Freon and R134a tetrafluoroethane as refrigerants has the problems of high refrigerant ozone depletion potential ODP or greenhouse effect potential GWP, low water supply temperature and low coefficient of performance COP.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump, which has the advantages of high refrigerant environment friendliness, waste water waste heat recovery, energy conservation, high water supply temperature and intelligent hot water supply.
In order to achieve the above objects, the present invention provides a domestic hot water supply apparatus based on solar energy and transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, comprising a heat storage tank for storing heat based on natural layering principle of water, a lower water distributor installed on the inner wall of the lower part of the heat storage tank, a cold water main pipe connected with the lower water distributor, a water replenishing pipe connected with the cold water main pipe, a circulating pump installed on the cold water main pipe, a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump installed on the end of the cold water main pipe, an upper water distributor installed on the inner wall of the upper part of the heat storage tank, a hot water main pipe connected with the upper water distributor and the heat pump, a domestic hot water branch pipe connected with the hot water main pipe, a hot water supply pump installed on the domestic hot water branch pipe for supplying hot water to domestic hot water users, a waste water discharge pipe for discharging the waste water generated by the domestic hot water users in a concentrated manner, and a waste water storage installed on the waste water discharge pipe for collecting and the solar water heater comprises a water tank, a waste water booster pump, a solar heating water pipeline, a heat collector circulating pump and a solar heat collector, wherein the waste water booster pump is positioned between a waste water storage tank and a heat pump and is arranged on a waste water discharge pipeline, the solar heating water pipeline is connected with a cold water main pipe, the heat collector circulating pump is arranged on the solar heating water pipeline, and the solar heat collector is arranged on the solar heating water pipeline, is connected with a hot water main pipe and is used for absorbing solar.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump comprises a low-temperature heater connected with a cold water main pipe, a medium-temperature heater connected with the low-temperature heater through a water pipeline, a high-temperature heater connected with an upper water distributor through a hot water main pipe, a heat regenerator connected with the low-temperature heater through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, a compressor connected with the heat regenerator through one end of the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, the medium-temperature heater and the high-temperature heater through the other end of the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, a medium-temperature heater expansion valve connected with the medium-temperature heater through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and a heat regenerator expansion valve connected with the heat regenerator through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, an electric three-way valve connected with the heat regenerator expansion valve through a heat pump refrigerant pipeline, an air inlet and an air outlet are arranged, and a gas evaporator connected with the electric three-way valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, one end of the liquid evaporator is provided with a waste water outlet and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with a waste water booster pump through a waste water pipeline, one end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the electric three-way valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the gas evaporator, one end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the heat regenerator through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, wherein a refrigerant of the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump is carbon dioxide.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, which has the working principle that: supplementing water and entering a cold water main pipe, when the sun is sufficient, pressurizing cold water by a heat collector circulating pump, entering a solar heat collector to absorb solar radiation, and entering a hot water main pipe after the temperature is increased; and the other part of cold water enters a trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump after being pressurized by a circulating pump to absorb the heat of the waste water or the air, and enters a hot water main pipe after the temperature is raised. Domestic hot water in the hot water main pipe is pressurized by the hot water supply pump and then distributed to domestic hot water users for use, and the used domestic hot water is collected and stored in the water storage tank, is pressurized by the waste water booster pump, enters the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, is recovered and is discharged. And redundant hot water is stored in the heat storage tank and is used by heat users. Meanwhile, the heat storage tank can also solve the contradiction between more solar energy in the day, high electricity price in the day and large consumption of domestic hot water at night. The solar heat collector absorbs solar radiation to generate heat, and basically no energy is consumed; the coefficient of performance COP of the sewage source heat pump is larger than that of the air source heat pump. In order to fully utilize energy and save operating cost, the system has the following energy calling strategy: the method comprises the steps of predicting the heat collection amount of a solar heat collector in the future one day according to weather forecast, detecting the current heat storage amount of a heat storage tank, combining the predicted heat consumption of domestic hot water users in the future one day, and sequentially calling the heat collection amount of the solar heat collector, the waste water waste heat of a sewage source heat pump in valley power, the waste water waste heat of a sewage source heat pump in flat power, the waste water waste heat of a sewage source heat pump in peak power, the air heat of an air source heat pump in valley power, the air heat of the air source heat pump in flat power and the air.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump, wherein the working principle of the trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump is as follows: the high-temperature high-pressure carbon dioxide at the outlet of the compressor is divided into two paths, wherein one path of the high-temperature high-pressure carbon dioxide enters the high-temperature heater and the low-temperature heater in sequence for cooling, then enters the heat regenerator for continuous cooling, and then enters the expansion valve of the heat regenerator for rapid pressure reduction to form a low-temperature low-pressure gas-liquid two-phase mixture; and the other path enters a medium-temperature heater for cooling, and then enters an expansion valve of the medium-temperature heater, the pressure is rapidly reduced to form a low-temperature low-pressure gas-liquid two-phase mixture. The working medium at the outlet of the expansion valve of the heat regenerator and the expansion valve of the medium temperature heater is mixed and then enters the electric three-way valve, when water exists in the water storage tank, the electric three-way valve is communicated with the liquid evaporator, and the low-temperature low-pressure gas-liquid two-phase mixture absorbs the heat of the waste water to vaporize most of the liquid and operates in the form of a sewage source heat pump; when no water exists in the water storage tank, the electric three-way valve is communicated with the gas evaporator, and the low-temperature and low-pressure gas-liquid two-phase mixture absorbs the heat of the ambient air to vaporize most of the liquid, so that the air source heat pump operates in the form of an air source heat pump. The refrigerant at the outlets of the liquid evaporator and the gas evaporator enters a gas-liquid separator, the liquid is remained in the gas-liquid separator, the saturated carbon dioxide gas enters a heat regenerator to be heated to become low-temperature low-pressure superheated carbon dioxide gas, then enters a compressor to increase the pressure to become high-temperature high-pressure carbon dioxide, and the steps are repeated in a circulating manner. The cold water in the cold water main pipe is pressurized by a circulating pump, then sequentially enters a low-temperature heater, a medium-temperature heater and a high-temperature heater for heating, then is heated to 60-95 ℃, and then enters a hot water main pipe.
The domestic hot water supply device based on the solar energy and the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump is characterized in that the high-temperature heater, the low-temperature heater, the heat regenerator, the liquid evaporator, the gas evaporator and the medium-temperature heater are wall-type heat exchangers and can heat a low-temperature heat medium by utilizing the heat of the high-temperature heat medium.
According to the domestic hot water supply device based on the solar energy and the trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump, the low-temperature heater, the medium-temperature heater and the high-temperature heater are sequentially connected through the water pipeline, and cold water in the cold water main pipe is heated to 60-95 ℃ after sequentially passing through the low-temperature heater, the medium-temperature heater and the high-temperature heater, and then enters the hot water main pipe.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on a solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump.A heat regenerator is connected with a gas-liquid separator at an inlet through a heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and is connected with a compressor at an outlet through a heat pump refrigerant pipeline.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on a solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump, wherein a compressor is a piston compressor, a rolling rotor compressor, a scroll compressor or a screw compressor. The pressure of the low-temperature low-pressure superheated carbon dioxide gas at the inlet can be increased to make the carbon dioxide gas become high-temperature supercritical carbon dioxide.
The domestic hot water supply device based on the solar energy and the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump takes the natural working medium carbon dioxide with the refrigerant ozone consumption potential ODP of 0 and the greenhouse effect potential GWP of 1 as the refrigerant, and has high environmental friendliness; the solar heat collector absorbs solar radiation to generate heat, and basically no energy is consumed; the heat pump can run in a sewage source heat pump mode, recover the waste heat of the used domestic hot water and run in an air source heat pump mode to supplement the lacking heat; the heat storage tank can solve the contradiction between more solar energy in the day, high electricity price in the day and large using amount of domestic hot water at night; cold water is heated by a three-stage heater in a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, heat is utilized in a gradient manner, the characteristic that the temperature of transcritical carbon dioxide at the outlet of a compressor is high is fully utilized, and the outlet water temperature reaches 60-95 ℃, so that the defects that the outlet water temperature of the traditional heat pump is low and microorganisms are easy to propagate are overcome; the optimal energy transfer strategy is formulated by combining heat utilization and heat generation prediction with the current heat storage capacity, so that the intelligent heat supply purpose is achieved.
In conclusion, the domestic hot water supply device based on the solar energy and the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump has the advantages of high refrigerant environment friendliness, waste water waste heat recovery, energy conservation, high water supply temperature and intelligent hot water supply.
Drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples thereof.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In fig. 1, the domestic hot water supply apparatus based on solar energy and transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump of the present invention comprises a heat storage tank 1 for storing heat based on natural layering principle of water, a lower water distributor 2 installed on the inner wall of the lower part of the heat storage tank, a cold water main pipe 3 connected with the lower water distributor, a water replenishing pipe 4 connected with the cold water main pipe, a circulating pump 5 installed on the cold water main pipe, a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump 6 installed on the end of the cold water main pipe, an upper water distributor 7 installed on the inner wall of the upper part of the heat storage tank, a hot water main pipe 8 connected with the upper water distributor and connected with the heat pump, a domestic hot water branch pipe 9 connected with the hot water main pipe, a hot water supply pump 10 installed on the domestic hot water branch pipe and supplying hot water to a domestic hot water user 17, a waste water discharge pipe 11 for intensively discharging waste water generated by the domestic hot water user, a waste water storage tank 12 installed on the waste water discharge pipe for collecting and storing domestic hot water used by a domestic hot water user, a waste water booster pump 13 located between the waste water storage tank and the heat pump and installed on the waste water discharge pipe, a solar heating water pipe 14 connected with a cold water main pipe, a collector circulating pump 15 installed on the solar heating water pipe, and a solar collector 16 installed on the solar heating water pipe and connected with the hot water main pipe for absorbing solar radiation and heating water.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, wherein the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump 6 comprises a low-temperature heater 6-1 connected with a cold water main pipe, a medium-temperature heater 6-2 connected with the low-temperature heater through a water pipe, a high-temperature heater 6-3 connected with an upper water distributor through a heat pump refrigerant pipe for conveying heat pump refrigerants, a heat regenerator 6-4 connected with the low-temperature heater through the heat pump refrigerant pipe, a compressor 6-5 connected with the heat regenerator through one end of the heat pump refrigerant pipe and the medium-temperature heater and the high-temperature heater through the other end of the heat pump refrigerant pipe, and a medium-temperature heater expansion valve 6-6 connected with the medium-temperature heater through the heat pump refrigerant pipe, a heat regenerator expansion valve 6-7 connected with the heat regenerator through a heat pump refrigerant pipeline, an electric three-way valve 6-8 connected with the medium temperature heater expansion valve and the heat regenerator expansion valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, a gas evaporator 6-9 provided with an air inlet a and an air outlet b and connected with the electric three-way valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, a liquid evaporator 6-10 provided with a waste water outlet c at one end and a waste water booster pump at the other end through a waste water pipeline, a liquid evaporator 6-10 connected with the electric three-way valve at one end and the gas evaporator at the other end through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and a gas-liquid separator 6-11 provided with a heat regenerator at one end and a gas evaporator and a liquid evaporator at the other end through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline.
The invention relates to a domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump, wherein a refrigerant of the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump is carbon dioxide.
Although the present invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations can be made herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

Claims (3)

1. A domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and transcritical carbon dioxide heat pumps is characterized by comprising a heat storage tank for storing heat based on the natural layering principle of water, a lower water distributor arranged on the inner wall of the lower part of the heat storage tank, a cold water main pipe connected with the lower water distributor, a water replenishing pipeline connected with the cold water main pipe, a circulating pump arranged on the cold water main pipe pipeline, a transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump arranged at the tail end of the cold water main pipe pipeline, an upper water distributor arranged on the inner wall of the upper part of the heat storage tank, a hot water main pipe connected with the upper water distributor and the heat pump, a domestic hot water branch pipe connected with the hot water main pipe, a hot water supply pump arranged on the domestic hot water branch pipe pipeline and used for supplying hot water to domestic hot water users, a waste water discharge pipeline for intensively discharging waste water generated by the domestic hot water users, and a waste water storage tank arranged on the waste water discharge pipeline and used for collecting and storing domestic hot The solar water heater comprises a waste water storage tank, a waste water booster pump, a solar heating water pipeline, a heat collector circulating pump and a solar heat collector, wherein the waste water booster pump is positioned between the waste water storage tank and the heat pump and is arranged on a waste water discharge pipeline, the solar heating water pipeline is connected with a cold water main pipe, the heat collector circulating pump is arranged on the solar heating water pipeline, and the solar heat collector is arranged on the solar heating water pipeline, is connected with a hot water main pipe and is used.
2. The domestic hot water supply device based on solar energy and transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump according to claim 1, wherein the transcritical carbon dioxide heat pump comprises a low temperature heater connected with a cold water main pipe, a medium temperature heater connected with the low temperature heater through a water pipe, a high temperature heater connected with the low temperature heater through a heat pump refrigerant pipe for delivering heat pump refrigerant, a high temperature heater connected with an upper water distributor through a hot water main pipe, a heat regenerator connected with the low temperature heater through a heat pump refrigerant pipe, a compressor connected with the heat regenerator through one end of the heat pump refrigerant pipe, the medium temperature heater and the high temperature heater through the other end of the heat pump refrigerant pipe, a medium temperature heater expansion valve connected with the medium temperature heater through the heat pump refrigerant pipe, a heat regenerator expansion valve connected with the heat regenerator through the heat pump refrigerant pipe, an electric three-way valve connected with the heat regenerator expansion valve through a heat pump refrigerant pipeline, an air inlet and an air outlet are arranged, and a gas evaporator connected with the electric three-way valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, one end of the liquid evaporator is provided with a waste water outlet and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with a waste water booster pump through a waste water pipeline, one end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the electric three-way valve through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the gas evaporator, one end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the heat regenerator through the heat pump refrigerant pipeline, and the other end of the liquid evaporator is connected with the.
3. The domestic hot water supply apparatus based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump according to claim 1, wherein the trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump refrigerant is carbon dioxide.
CN202021526740.6U 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump Active CN212339398U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021526740.6U CN212339398U (en) 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021526740.6U CN212339398U (en) 2020-07-29 2020-07-29 Life hot water supply device based on solar energy and trans-critical carbon dioxide heat pump

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212339398U true CN212339398U (en) 2021-01-12

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