CN212333619U - Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions - Google Patents

Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN212333619U
CN212333619U CN202020848735.0U CN202020848735U CN212333619U CN 212333619 U CN212333619 U CN 212333619U CN 202020848735 U CN202020848735 U CN 202020848735U CN 212333619 U CN212333619 U CN 212333619U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
garbage
bag
tying
garbage collection
garbage bag
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202020848735.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴代赦
李建龙
罗轶维
徐宇
李涵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanchang University
Original Assignee
Nanchang University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanchang University filed Critical Nanchang University
Priority to CN202020848735.0U priority Critical patent/CN212333619U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212333619U publication Critical patent/CN212333619U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packing functions, when garbage is collected, the garbage is extruded and broken in a filter press, and moisture is fully extruded, so that the water content of the garbage collected by a garbage bag is reduced, the stacking density is increased, the occupied space is reduced, the garbage can is effectively prevented from being exploded, and the subsequent storage, transportation and treatment cost is reduced; meanwhile, the weight and the volume in the garbage bag are monitored through the tension sensor and the material level sensor, so that the phenomenon that the volume of the garbage is too small and the weight of the garbage is too light during packaging is avoided, the garbage bag is fully utilized, and the waste of the garbage bag is prevented; the vacuumizing compression can effectively avoid a large amount of air from being left in the garbage bag after being packed, the volume of the garbage bag is obviously reduced, and the garbage bag which is expanded due to air is prevented from being piled up and broken due to friction in the storage and transfer processes.

Description

Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a garbage collection field specifically is a garbage collection system with evacuation packing function.
Background
The garbage collection device is a first-line facility for centralized garbage treatment. Under the influence of outbreaks of new coronary pneumonia epidemics, people are gradually aware that garbage collection devices should have new functions of controlling the spread of germs.
The utility model discloses a utility model with publication number CN108792354A discloses an intelligence garbage collection system, including rubbish transmission device and garbage collection device, garbage collection device includes a plurality of steam nozzle, temperature sensor, heating device, extrusion device, vibrating device and controlling means. The upper part of the garbage collection device is provided with a garbage extrusion device, the side wall of the garbage collection device is provided with a plurality of steam nozzles, and the steam nozzles are communicated with the garbage collection device through air guide pipes; a temperature sensor is arranged above the left side wall inside the garbage collection device; a heating device is arranged above the right side wall inside the garbage collection device; the bottom of the garbage collection device is provided with an oscillating device, and a waste liquid collecting tank is arranged below the oscillating device; through intelligence garbage collection device can realize extrudeing the rubbish of big article, has practiced thrift the space, disinfects, deodorizes rubbish simultaneously.
The utility model discloses a utility model application for application number 212110136088.5 discloses a refuse collection system of prevention and control organic waste breed, diffusion germ, this system adopts the negative pressure operation, carries out breakage, filter-pressing to rubbish to be equipped with the automatic packing of disposal bag and trade the bag, effectively avoided the germ that probably contains in rubbish storage and the transportation and personnel's contact. However, in the crushing process of the system, plastic bags, ropes and the like are easily drawn into the crusher rotating shaft to cause faults, and the crushing blades are expensive and are not easy to popularize and apply; meanwhile, the garbage in the garbage bag after being packed is fluffy, so that not only is a large amount of space occupied, but also the garbage bag is easy to extrude and break in the loading and transporting process, so that the risk of outward diffusion of pathogenic bacteria carried by the garbage still exists.
Disclosure of Invention
To the problem, the utility model provides a garbage collection system with evacuation packing function. This application is at first extrudeed rubbish, and it pricks the exhaust tube into the disposal bag and carries out the evacuation, utilizes the second time to prick mouthful and carry out the envelope to the disposal bag to utilize for the first time to prick mouthful to realize the very big reduction of rubbish bagging-off volume.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted does:
a garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions comprises a barrel cover arranged at the upper part of the garbage collection system, and a filter press is arranged below the barrel cover;
the filter press comprises a hydraulic cylinder I, a hydraulic cylinder II, a tooth-type extrusion head, a slag discharge door and a filter screen; the tooth-type extrusion heads are arranged in pairs, are oppositely arranged and have staggered teeth and are respectively connected to the hydraulic cylinder I and the hydraulic cylinder II, the lower end of the filter press is provided with a slag discharge door and a filter screen, and the slag discharge door is connected with a slag discharge controller;
a liquid receiving tank is arranged below the filter screen;
the garbage bag opening device comprises a slag discharge door, a garbage bag winding and opening device, a cutter, a packing machine and a large tying device, wherein the garbage bag winding is arranged on the lower portion of the slag discharge door, the garbage bag winding is arranged on one side of the slag discharge door, the end of the garbage bag winding is clamped by a bag clamp, the bag laying device is arranged on the right side of the bag clamp, the cutter is arranged below the bag clamp, the packing machine is arranged below the cutter, the packing machine is provided with the large tying device and the small tying device, the large tying device is arranged above the small tying device, and the bag laying device is used for closing the garbage bag filled with garbage to the position of the packing machine;
a garbage hopper is arranged below the garbage bag, a lifting machine is arranged in the garbage hopper, a garbage can is arranged on one side of the lifting machine, and a discharge port is formed in one side of the garbage can of the garbage collection system;
the lower part of the garbage collection system is also provided with a negative pressure pump, the negative pressure pump leads to the outside of the garbage collection system, the inlet end of the negative pressure pump is sequentially connected with an ultraviolet disinfection chamber and an adsorption and treatment cavity, the adsorption and treatment cavity is provided with 2 inlet ends, wherein 1 inlet end leads to the inside of the garbage collection system, and the other 1 inlet end is connected with an exhaust pipe;
the air exhaust pipe is provided with a valve, the front end of the air exhaust pipe is provided with a telescopic section, the telescopic section controls the telescopic section to extend and shorten through the driving device, and the telescopic section can extend to penetrate through the large mouth tying device and reach the position between the large mouth tying device and the small mouth tying device.
Furthermore, the garbage collection system also comprises a central controller, and the hydraulic cylinder I, the hydraulic cylinder II, the slag discharge controller, the cutting knife, the bag paving device, the packaging machine, the valve and the driver are all connected with the central controller.
As an improvement of the technical scheme, a tension sensor is arranged on the clamping device of the bag clamp and connected with a central controller.
As an improvement of the technical scheme, a material level sensor is arranged above the garbage bag and is connected with the central controller.
As an improvement of the technical scheme, the toothed extrusion head only presents a toothed structure in the horizontal direction and has no toothed structure in the vertical direction.
As an improvement of the technical scheme, the liquid receiving tank is guided to the outside of the garbage collection system through a U-shaped pipe.
The utility model discloses provide the control method of the garbage collection system with evacuation packing function simultaneously, control method is applied to above-mentioned arbitrary garbage collection system with evacuation packing function, it includes following step:
step 1, compressing garbage and transferring the garbage into a garbage bag;
step 2, closing the garbage bag;
step 3, extending the exhaust pipe into the garbage bag, performing first opening tying on the garbage bag, and ensuring that the exhaust pipe is tied into the garbage bag when the opening is tied;
step 4, vacuumizing the garbage bag through an exhaust pipe;
step 5, performing secondary tying on the garbage bag, wherein the exhaust pipe is not tied into the garbage bag during tying;
and 6, lifting and conveying the vacuumized garbage bag into a garbage can for storage and transportation.
The utility model discloses the beneficial effect who brings has:
compare in prior art, the garbage collection system with evacuation packing function of this application has following advantage at least:
(1) the occupied volume of the garbage can be obviously reduced by high-strength compression: the garbage is extruded and broken in the filter press, and the moisture is fully extruded, so that the water content of the garbage collected by the garbage bag is reduced, the stacking density is increased, the occupied space is reduced, the bin explosion of the garbage can (the garbage is stacked around the garbage can after the garbage can is filled, and the reason of the fact that the garbage in the garbage can is loose and not compacted to a great extent) can be effectively avoided, and the subsequent storage, transportation and treatment cost is reduced;
(2) packing as required to avoid waste of the garbage bags: the weight and the volume in the garbage bag are monitored through the tension sensor and the material level sensor, so that the phenomenon that the volume of the garbage is too small and the weight of the garbage is too light during packaging is avoided, the garbage bag is fully utilized, and the waste of the garbage bag is prevented;
(3) the compression of evacuation reduces the volume of disposal bag and avoids crowded brokenly: when the garbage bag is packed, the opening is bound for 2 times, the exhaust pipe is bound into the garbage bag when the opening is bound for 1 time, then the gas in the garbage bag is pumped out by using a negative pressure pump, the garbage bag is bound to be dead when the opening is bound for 2 times, so that the garbage bag after being packed is prevented from remaining a large amount of air, the volume of the garbage bag is remarkably reduced, and the garbage bag which is expanded due to the air is prevented from being piled up and rubbed to be broken in the processes of storage and transportation;
(4) the built-in storage of general garbage bin is convenient for transport: the garbage bin of existing usefulness can directly place the utility model provides an in the garbage collection system, take out alright load, follow-up processing such as transportation according to current refuse treatment flow.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and the specific embodiments,
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the garbage collection system of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a toothed extrusion head;
fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a central controller connection structure.
The label names corresponding to the respective numbers in the figure are as follows:
1-elevator, 2-bracket, 3-filter press, 31-hydraulic cylinder I, 32-slag discharge controller, 33-slag discharge door, 34-tooth extrusion head, 35-filter screen, 36-hydraulic cylinder II, 4-barrel cover, 5-material level sensor, 6-telescopic segment, 7-driver, 8-bag clamp, 9-tension sensor, 10-bag laying device, 11-cutter, 12-packer, 121-big tying device, 122-small tying device, 13-air suction pipe, 14-valve, 15-central controller, 16-garbage can, 17-discharge port, 18-garbage bag roll, 19-garbage bucket, 20-adsorption and treatment cavity, 21-ultraviolet disinfection chamber and 22-negative pressure pump.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper portion", "lower portion", "inside", "outside", "above", "below", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "one side", "both sides", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection or a removable connection; may be a mechanical connection; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
Example 1
A garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packing functions.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the garbage collection system includes a can cover 4 and a central controller 15, the can cover 4 is provided with a filter press 3. The filter press 3 comprises a hydraulic cylinder I31, a hydraulic cylinder II36, a tooth-type extrusion head 34, a slag discharge door 33 and a filter screen 35; the tooth-type extrusion heads 34 are provided with at least one pair, the tooth-type extrusion heads 34 arranged in pairs are oppositely arranged and have staggered teeth and are respectively connected to a hydraulic cylinder I31 and a hydraulic cylinder II36, the lower end of the filter press 3 is provided with a slag discharge door 33 and a filter screen 35, and the slag discharge door 33 is connected with a slag discharge controller 32.
A liquid receiving tank is arranged below the filter screen 35 and is guided to the outside of the garbage collection system through a U-shaped pipe.
The lower part of the slag discharge door 33 is provided with a spread garbage bag which extends out from a garbage bag roll 18 arranged on one side, the end of the garbage bag is clamped by a bag clamp 8, and a tension sensor 9 is arranged on a clamping device of the bag clamp 8. The right side of the bag clamp 8 is provided with a bag paving device 10, a cut-off knife 11 is arranged below the bag clamp 8, a packing machine 12 is arranged below the cut-off knife 11, a large tying device 121 and a small tying device 122 are arranged on the packing machine 12, the large tying device 121 is arranged above the small tying device 122, and the bag paving device 10 is used for closing up a garbage bag filled with garbage to the position of the packing machine 12 so as to be tied up and packed by the large tying device 121 and the small tying device 122.
A material level sensor 5 is arranged above the garbage bag, a garbage hopper 19 is arranged below the garbage bag, a lifting machine 1 is arranged in the garbage hopper 19, a garbage can 16 is arranged on one side of the lifting machine 1, and a discharge hole 17 is formed in one side of the garbage can 16 of the garbage collection system.
The lower part of the garbage collection system is also provided with a negative pressure pump 22, the negative pressure pump 22 leads to the outside of the garbage collection system, the inlet end of the negative pressure pump is sequentially connected with an ultraviolet disinfection chamber 21 and an adsorption and treatment cavity 20, the adsorption and treatment cavity 20 is provided with 2 inlet ends, wherein 1 inlet end leads to the inside of the garbage collection system, and the other 1 inlet end is connected with an exhaust pipe 13. The valve 14 is arranged on the air suction pipe 13, the front end of the air suction pipe 13 is provided with the telescopic section 6, the telescopic section 6 is controlled to extend and contract through the common driver 7, and the telescopic section 6 can extend to penetrate through the large mouth tying device 121 and reach the position between the large mouth tying device 121 and the small mouth tying device 122.
The hydraulic cylinder I31, the hydraulic cylinder II36, the slag discharge controller 32, the tension sensor 9, the material level sensor 5, the cutter 11, the bag spreader 10, the packer 12, the valve 14 and the driver 7 are all connected with the central controller 15.
The toothed extrusion head 34 exhibits a toothed structure only in the horizontal direction and no toothed structure in the vertical direction.
The garbage collection system of this embodiment is in operation:
after the barrel cover 4 is opened and garbage is thrown in, the garbage slides down to enter a position between the tooth-type extrusion heads 34. The central controller 15 controls the hydraulic cylinder I31 to squeeze the garbage to the right, the garbage is compressed by the squeezing action of the toothed squeezing head 34, the liquid (waste liquid) in the garbage is squeezed out, and the waste liquid seeps out through the filter screen 35, falls into a liquid collecting tank below and is discharged through a U-shaped pipe.
After the waste liquid is discharged, the central controller 15 controls the hydraulic cylinder I31 to release pressure, the hydraulic cylinder II36 to push leftwards, and when the end surface of the tooth-type extrusion head 34 reaches the upper part of the slag discharge door 33, the central controller 15 controls the hydraulic cylinder II36 to retract rightwards. Then, the central controller 15 controls the slag discharge controller 32 to open the slag discharge door 33, and the compressed garbage in the tooth-type extrusion head 34 falls through the slag discharge door 33 and enters the garbage bag spread below.
When the material level sensor 5 or the tension sensor 9 reaches a threshold value, the volume or the weight of the garbage in the garbage bag reaches a set value, the material level sensor 5 or the tension sensor 9 transmits a signal to the central controller 15, and the central controller 15 controls the garbage bag to be subjected to vacuum packaging: the central controller 15 controls the bag clamp 8 to loosen and simultaneously controls the bag laying device 10 to close the garbage bag from the left side to the right side and send the garbage bag to the position of the packing machine 12; the central controller 15 controls the driver 7 to extend the telescopic section 6 of the suction pipe 13 to insert into the garbage bag and penetrate through the large tying device 121 to reach a position between the large tying device 121 and the small tying device 122; the central controller 15 controls the large tying device 121 to tie, and the front end of the telescopic section 6 is tied into the garbage bag; the central controller 15 controls the valve 14 to open, and under the action of the negative pressure pump 22, the gas in the garbage bag is gradually pumped into vacuum, so that the volume of the garbage bag is reduced; the central controller 15 controls the small tying device 122 to tie, controls the driver 7 to retract the telescopic section 6 of the air suction pipe 13, controls the cutter 11 to cut the garbage bag, and after the cutting, the garbage bag which is vacuum-packed falls into the garbage hopper 19 below.
When the central controller 15 controls the bag laying device 10 to close the garbage bag from the left side to the right side, the garbage bag in the garbage bag roll 18 is pulled out, and when the garbage bag is cut by the cutter 11 and the packed garbage bag falls down, the newly laid garbage bag is clamped by the bag clamp 8.
The packed bags in the bin 19 are lifted by the brackets 2 and fall into the bin 16 by the elevator 1. The trash can 16 can be taken out by opening the discharge hole 17.
In the process from the garbage input to the vacuum packing, the negative pressure pump 22 is in an operating state, and the front end of the negative pressure pump 22 is provided with an adsorption and treatment cavity 20 and an ultraviolet disinfection chamber 21 so as to maintain the negative pressure in the garbage collection device and prevent the leakage of odor.
Example 2
The control method of the embodiment is applied to the garbage collection system with the vacuumizing and packaging function in embodiment 1, and comprises the following steps:
step 1, compressing garbage and transferring the garbage into a garbage bag;
step 2, closing the garbage bag;
step 3, extending the exhaust pipe 13 into the garbage bag, performing first opening tying on the garbage bag, and ensuring that the exhaust pipe 13 is tied into the garbage bag when the opening is tied;
step 4, vacuumizing the garbage bag through the exhaust pipe 13;
step 5, performing secondary tying on the garbage bag, wherein the exhaust pipe 13 is not tied into the garbage bag during tying;
and 6, lifting and conveying the vacuumized garbage bags into a garbage can 16 for storage and transportation.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a garbage collection system with evacuation packing function which characterized in that: the garbage collection system comprises a barrel cover arranged at the upper part of the garbage collection system, and a filter press is arranged below the barrel cover;
the filter press comprises a hydraulic cylinder I, a hydraulic cylinder II, a tooth-type extrusion head, a slag discharge door and a filter screen; the tooth-type extrusion heads are arranged in pairs, are oppositely arranged and have staggered teeth and are respectively connected to the hydraulic cylinder I and the hydraulic cylinder II, the lower end of the filter press is provided with a slag discharge door and a filter screen, and the slag discharge door is connected with a slag discharge controller;
a liquid receiving tank is arranged below the filter screen;
the garbage bag opening device is characterized in that a spread garbage bag is arranged below the slag discharge door, the garbage bag extends out from a garbage bag roll arranged on one side, the end of the garbage bag is clamped by a bag clamp, a tension sensor is arranged on a clamping device of the bag clamp, a bag spreading device is arranged on the right side of the bag clamp, a cutter is arranged below the bag clamp, a packing machine is arranged below the cutter, a large tying device and a small tying device are arranged on the packing machine, the large tying device is arranged above the small tying device, and the bag spreading device is used for tying the garbage bag filled with garbage to the position of the packing machine to be tied and packed by the large tying device and the small tying device;
a material level sensor is arranged above the garbage bag;
a garbage hopper is arranged below the garbage bag, a lifting machine is arranged in the garbage hopper, a garbage can is arranged on one side of the lifting machine, and a discharge port is formed in one side of the garbage can of the garbage collection system;
the lower part of the garbage collection system is also provided with a negative pressure pump, the negative pressure pump leads to the outside of the garbage collection system, the inlet end of the negative pressure pump is sequentially connected with an ultraviolet disinfection chamber and an adsorption and treatment cavity, the adsorption and treatment cavity is provided with 2 inlet ends, wherein 1 inlet end leads to the inside of the garbage collection system, and the other 1 inlet end is connected with an exhaust pipe;
the air exhaust pipe is provided with a valve, the front end of the air exhaust pipe is provided with a telescopic section, the telescopic section is controlled to extend and shorten through the driving device, and the telescopic section can extend to penetrate through the large mouth tying device and reach a position between the large mouth tying device and the small mouth tying device;
the garbage collection system further comprises a central controller, and the hydraulic cylinder I, the hydraulic cylinder II, the slag discharge controller, the tension sensor, the material level sensor, the cutter, the bag paving device, the packing machine, the valve and the driver are all connected with the central controller.
2. The vacuum bagging garbage collection system of claim 1, wherein: the tooth-type extrusion head only presents a tooth-shaped structure in the horizontal direction and has no tooth-shaped structure in the vertical direction.
3. The vacuum bagging garbage collection system of claim 1, wherein: the liquid receiving tank is guided to the outside of the garbage collection system through a U-shaped pipe.
CN202020848735.0U 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions Active CN212333619U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020848735.0U CN212333619U (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020848735.0U CN212333619U (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212333619U true CN212333619U (en) 2021-01-12

Family

ID=74082720

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020848735.0U Active CN212333619U (en) 2020-05-20 2020-05-20 Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212333619U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203593191U (en) Garbage bag sealing and collecting device
CN207119620U (en) A kind of medical waste high-efficient treatment device
US5088271A (en) Method of and apparatus for preserving forage in bags
CN206663842U (en) A kind of refuse grinder of automatic discharging
CN212333619U (en) Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions
CN111605777B (en) Garbage collection system with vacuumizing and packaging functions and control method thereof
CN100443292C (en) Device for generally waste collection, compaction and bagging
CN201777616U (en) High-capacity precompressed garbage storage transfer equipment
EP1896328A2 (en) High-compression baler
NL1028337C2 (en) Refuse container emptying device with pneumatic pump, has pair of drums at inlet end of suction tube for comminuting refuse in bin bags
CN206088023U (en) City domestic waste compressor device
CN205916799U (en) Ton bag discharge apparatus
CN106003796B (en) Multifunction hydraulic baling press and its packaging method
CN210706184U (en) Solid garbage compression treatment vehicle
EP2014455B1 (en) Machine for making bales of disgregated material
CN206186421U (en) Rubbish compression bucket of dry accumulator of rubbish
CN107520233A (en) High-efficiency refuse processing system
CN205418754U (en) Rotation type refuse collection compressor
KR100831066B1 (en) Food garbage wagon
CN208085043U (en) A kind of efficient baling press
CN200960730Y (en) Conjoined house refuse compression machine
CN210503542U (en) Small bag powder unpacking and waste bag packing one-stop production line
KR960009187B1 (en) Automatic packaging machine for pressing wastes
CN209127118U (en) A kind of rosin automatic pulverizing packing machine
CN207981829U (en) Rubbish efficient process unit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant