CN212295165U - Assembled wall connection structure based on T template - Google Patents

Assembled wall connection structure based on T template Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212295165U
CN212295165U CN202021387953.5U CN202021387953U CN212295165U CN 212295165 U CN212295165 U CN 212295165U CN 202021387953 U CN202021387953 U CN 202021387953U CN 212295165 U CN212295165 U CN 212295165U
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plate
prefabricated
prefabricated wall
shaped
wall
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黄炜
韩文超
张家瑞
刘刚
黄惠
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Xian University of Architecture and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an assembled wall body connection structure based on T-shaped plates, which comprises a prefabricated wallboard, wherein a plurality of connecting bolts are pre-embedded at the top end of the prefabricated wallboard, a plurality of T-shaped plate connectors are pre-embedded at the bottom end of the prefabricated wallboard, and the T-shaped plate connectors are arranged corresponding to the connecting bolts; the prefabricated wall plate is provided with longitudinal ribs, the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs are exposed out of the top end of the prefabricated wall plate, and the lower ends of the longitudinal ribs are fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector; the upper ends of the connecting bolts and the longitudinal ribs of the next layer of prefabricated wall panel extend into the T-shaped plate connector of the previous layer of prefabricated wall panel and are fixedly connected together through nuts; the utility model utilizes the connecting bolts and the longitudinal ribs to be connected with the T-shaped plate connector, thereby realizing the assembly connection of the prefabricated wallboards on the upper layer and the lower layer, ensuring that the stress of the prefabricated wallboards can be accurately transmitted to the vertically adjacent wallboards, realizing the effective transmission of the stress and having clear force transmission; the connecting bolt, the longitudinal ribs and the T-shaped plate connector are connected through the nuts, the structural stability is good, the assembling process is simple, and the assembling efficiency is high.

Description

Assembled wall connection structure based on T template
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the assembled concrete building, in particular to assembled wall connection structure based on T template.
Background
With the vigorous promotion of the house industrialization process, the assembled building is more and more widely applied; compared with the traditional building, the assembly type building emphasizes standardization and modularization from design, processing, installation and decoration, and has the advantages of higher efficiency and shorter construction period; the fabricated building has the characteristics of standardized design, industrial production, fabricated construction, integrated decoration, informatization management, intelligent application and the like, and is a representative of modern industrial production.
The assembled composite wall structure is a building structure system which has the advantages of energy consumption, shock absorption, ecological environmental protection, energy conservation, heat preservation, quick construction, economy and practicability. The composite wallboard adopts a factory prefabrication production mode, and the prefabricated components can improve the quality and simultaneously realize the aims of large-scale and standardized production through factory production. For an assembly type composite wall structure, a prefabricated composite wall plate is used as a bearing and stressed component of the structure, horizontal connection between vertical directions of the structure is particularly important, and the prefabricated composite wall plate not only involves the connection relation between the prefabricated component and a cast-in-place component of the structure, but also relates to the stress integrity, safety and durability of the structure, and is also a key technology for construction of an assembly type composite wall structure system.
At present, the traditional sleeve grouting, anchor slurry lapping and extruding sleeve connecting methods have the problems of low economy, difficult installation, indefinite force transmission, poor anti-seismic performance and the like, so that the connection effect of the internal force transmission path and the constraint condition of the fabricated composite wall structure at the horizontal connection position and the connection effect between cast-in-place concrete structural members are difficult to realize. In addition, because the aperture of a grout section of thick bamboo is less for the reinforcing bar is more difficult with being connected counterpoint of a grout section of thick bamboo, needs staff's manual adjustment reinforcing bar and grout section of thick bamboo relative position, settles a grout section of thick bamboo with the reinforcing bar, and it is thus visible, the counterpoint installation process is wasted time and energy, and in addition the later stage still needs professional technical staff to maintain, and manufacturing cost and human cost are higher.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the technical problem who exists among the prior art, the utility model provides an assembled wall body connection structure based on T template to solve among the prior art assembled wall body horizontal joint department power transmission undefined, the installation difficulty, the poor technical problem of anti-seismic performance.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that:
the utility model provides an assembly type wall body connecting structure based on T-shaped plates, which comprises a prefabricated wall plate, wherein a plurality of connecting bolts are pre-embedded at the top end of the prefabricated wall plate, a plurality of T-shaped plate connectors are pre-embedded at the bottom end of the prefabricated wall plate, and the T-shaped plate connectors are arranged corresponding to the connecting bolts; the prefabricated wall plate is provided with longitudinal ribs, the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs are exposed out of the top end of the prefabricated wall plate, and the lower ends of the longitudinal ribs are fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector;
the upper ends of the connecting bolts of the next layer of prefabricated wall panel extend into the T-shaped plate connector of the previous layer of prefabricated wall panel and are fixedly connected together through nuts; the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs of the lower layer of prefabricated wall panel extend into the T-shaped plate connector of the upper layer of prefabricated wall panel and are fixedly connected together through nuts.
Furthermore, the T-shaped plate connector comprises a flange plate, a web plate and a welding steel plate; the flange plate is horizontally embedded at the bottom end of the prefabricated wall plate, the web plate is vertically fixed on the flange plate, and the web plate is parallel to the prefabricated wall plate; welding steel plates are respectively arranged on two sides of the upper end of the web plate, one side of each welding steel plate is fixedly connected with the web plate, and the other side of each welding steel plate is fixedly connected with the longitudinal ribs;
the flange plates are provided with bolt mounting holes and steel bar mounting holes, wherein the upper ends of the connecting bolts of the next layer of prefabricated wall plate penetrate through the bolt mounting holes of the flange plates of the previous layer of prefabricated wall plate, and the connecting bolts are fixedly connected with the flange plates through nuts; the upper end of the longitudinal bar of the lower prefabricated wallboard runs through the steel bar mounting hole of the flange plate of the upper prefabricated wallboard, and the longitudinal bar is fixedly connected with the flange plate through the nut.
Furthermore, the T-shaped board connector further comprises two stiffening ribs, the two stiffening ribs are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the web plate, one end of each stiffening rib is fixedly connected with the flange plate in a perpendicular mode, and the other end of each stiffening rib is fixedly connected with the web plate in a perpendicular mode.
Further, bolt mounting holes and steel bar mounting holes in the flange plates are all oval holes; and a gasket is arranged between the nut and the flange plate.
Furthermore, the prefabricated wall board adopts a composite wall structure; the composite wall structure comprises two side rib columns, a plurality of middle rib columns, a plurality of transverse ribs, building blocks and a concrete surface layer; the two side rib columns are vertically arranged in parallel, the plurality of middle rib columns are vertically arranged between the two side rib columns in parallel, the plurality of transverse ribs are horizontally arranged between the side rib columns and the middle rib columns, and the side rib columns, the middle rib columns and the transverse ribs form a lattice structure; building blocks are filled in the sash structure, and the concrete surface layer is coated on the outer sides of the sash structure and the building blocks; the connecting bolts are vertically embedded at the top ends of the side rib columns and the middle rib columns, and the T-shaped plate connectors are embedded at the bottom ends of the side rib columns and the middle rib columns.
Further, indulge the vertical setting of muscle in side rib post and well rib post, indulge and evenly be provided with a plurality of stirrups on the muscle, the outside cladding of indulging muscle and stirrup has concrete placement.
Furthermore, the building blocks are sand aerated concrete blocks or ash aerated concrete blocks.
Further, when the lower end of the prefabricated wall plate is connected with the ground, a plurality of embedded bolts are uniformly arranged in the foundation and are arranged corresponding to the T-shaped plate connectors in the prefabricated wall plate; the upper end of the embedded bolt extends into the T-shaped plate connector and is fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector through a nut.
Furthermore, the contact surfaces between the adjacent prefabricated wall boards and between the prefabricated wall boards and the floor slab or the ground are sealed by mortar.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model provides an assembled wall body connection structure based on T template, through set up connecting bolt at the top of prefabricated wallboard, the bottom sets up T type board connector, utilizes connecting bolt and vertical muscle to be connected with T type board connector, has realized the erection joint to prefabricated wallboard of upper and lower floor; the longitudinal ribs are arranged in the prefabricated wall boards in a full-length mode, and the longitudinal ribs between the vertical wall boards are connected into a whole through the T-shaped board connectors, so that the stress of the prefabricated wall boards can be accurately transmitted to vertically adjacent wall boards, the stress is effectively transmitted, the force transmission is clear, and the integrity of the wall boards and the strength of an assembled wall body are improved; the connecting bolt, the longitudinal ribs and the T-shaped plate connector are connected through the nuts, the structural stability is good, the assembling process is simple, and the assembling efficiency is high.
Further, the T-shaped board connector adopts flange plate, web and welding steel plate combination, sets up bolt hand hole in the both sides of web, and connecting bolt and vertical muscle installation when the wall body assembly of being convenient for, the screwing up of the nut of being convenient for simultaneously is fixed, is convenient for inspect structural connection's fastening nature.
Furthermore, through set up the stiffening rib between shroud plate and flange board, effectively improved the intensity of T type board connector, effectively guaranteed the stability of structure.
Further, all set up bolt mounting hole and reinforcing bar mounting hole on the flange board into oval hole, during connecting bolt and the vertical bar of being convenient for can accurately insert T type board connector, the convenience is to connecting bolt and the regulation of vertical bar position, has effectively improved the assembly efficiency of wall body.
Furthermore, the prefabricated wall board adopts rib columns and transverse ribs to form a lattice structure, and the building blocks, the lattices and the edge connecting members can play a main role in sequence under the action of small earthquake, medium earthquake and large earthquake, release earthquake energy stage by stage, have definite multi-seismic defense lines and have the stress characteristic of ductility and earthquake resistance.
Further, with the muscle and T type board connector fixed connection indulge in the rib post, make the muscle that indulges in the vertical wallboard connect into whole, increase the intensity of wall body, improved the wholeness and the stability of structure.
Furthermore, the building blocks are sand aerated concrete blocks or ash aerated concrete blocks, recycled aggregate concrete is adopted, and light blocks are filled in the building blocks to replace the traditional concrete material, so that the problems of consumption of raw materials and recycling of part of building wastes are effectively solved.
Furthermore, the contact surface between adjacent walls and the contact surface between the wall and a floor slab or the ground are sealed by mortar, so that the pressure balance of the walls is ensured, the connection reliability is effectively improved, and the bottom crack penetration phenomenon of the walls is effectively avoided.
An assembled wall body connection structure based on T template, have that the dead weight is light, anti-seismic performance is good, economic nature is high and pass the clear and definite characteristics of power, wherein, T template connector can adopt steel sheet processing to form, simple structure, processing is convenient, and it is convenient to install, can show when improving the assembled wall body coupling, the installation effectiveness of reinforcing bar reduces the later maintenance cost.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic elevation structure view of an assembly wall connection structure according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the assembled wall connecting structure according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a side view of a T-shaped plate connector in an assembly wall connection structure according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a front view of a T-shaped board connector in an assembly wall connection structure according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a top view of the T-shaped board connector in the assembly wall connection structure according to the present invention.
Wherein, 1, prefabricating a wallboard on the upper part, 2, superposing a floor slab and 3, prefabricating a wallboard on the lower part; 4 side rib columns, 5 middle rib columns, 6 rib beams, 7 building blocks, 8 nuts, 9 gaskets, 10 longitudinal ribs, 11 stirrups, 12T-shaped plate connectors and 13 connecting bolts; 121 flange plates, 122 webs, 123 welded steel plates, 124 stiffeners.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problem solved by the present invention, technical solution and beneficial effect are more clearly understood, and the following specific embodiments are right for the present invention to proceed further detailed description. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
As shown in the attached drawings 1-5, the utility model provides an assembly type wall body connecting structure based on T-shaped plates, which comprises an upper prefabricated wall plate 1, a superposed floor plate 2 and a lower prefabricated wall plate 3; go up prefabricated wallboard 1, coincide floor 2 and prefabricated wallboard 3 from the top down connects gradually down, and the lower extreme of prefabricated wallboard 3 is connected with prefabricated wallboard of next floor or ground down.
A plurality of connecting bolts 13 are embedded in the top end of the upper prefabricated wallboard 1, a plurality of T-shaped board connectors 12 are embedded in the bottom end of the upper prefabricated wallboard 1, and the connecting bolts 13 in the upper prefabricated wallboard 1 correspond to the positions of the T-shaped board connectors 12 in the upper prefabricated wallboard one by one; be provided with in last prefabricated wallboard 1 and indulge muscle 10, indulge muscle 10 full length setting and setting up in last prefabricated wallboard 1, indulge the top that prefabricated wallboard 1 was exposed to the upper end of muscle 10, indulge the lower extreme of muscle 10 and the upper end fixed connection of the T type board connector 10 in last prefabricated wallboard 1.
The lower prefabricated wall plate 3 and the upper prefabricated wall plate 1 have the same structure; the top end of the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is pre-embedded with a plurality of connecting bolts 13, the bottom end of the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is pre-embedded with a plurality of T-shaped plate connectors 12, the connecting bolts 13 in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 correspond to the T-shaped plate connectors 12 in the lower prefabricated wall plate one by one, and the connecting bolts 13 in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 correspond to the T-shaped plate connectors in the upper prefabricated wall plate 3 in the one by one; the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is provided with longitudinal ribs 10, and the longitudinal ribs 10 are arranged in the lower prefabricated wall plate 2 in a full length mode; the lower ends of the longitudinal ribs 10 in the lower prefabricated wall panel 3 are fixedly connected with the upper end of the T-shaped plate connector 10 in the lower prefabricated wall panel.
When the upper end of the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is connected with the upper prefabricated wall plate 1, the upper ends of the connecting bolts in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 penetrate through the laminated floor plate 2 and then extend into the T-shaped plate connector in the upper prefabricated wall plate 1, and the connecting bolts in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 are fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector in the upper prefabricated wall plate 1 through nuts; after the upper end of the longitudinal rib in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3 runs through the composite floor slab 2, the longitudinal rib extends into the T-shaped board connector in the upper prefabricated wallboard 1, and the longitudinal rib in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3 is fixedly connected with the T-shaped board connector in the upper prefabricated wallboard 1 through the nut, so that the assembly connection among the lower prefabricated wallboard 3, the composite floor slab 2 and the prefabricated wallboard 1 is realized.
When the lower end of the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is connected with the next prefabricated wall plate, the upper end of the connecting bolt in the next prefabricated wall plate penetrates through the next laminated floor plate and extends into the T-shaped plate connector in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3, and the connecting bolt in the next prefabricated wall plate is fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 through a nut; after the upper end of the longitudinal rib in the next prefabricated wallboard runs through the next laminated floor slab, the longitudinal rib extends into the T-shaped board connector in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3, and the longitudinal rib of the next prefabricated wallboard is fixedly connected with the T-shaped board connector in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3 through the nut, so that the assembly connection among the lower prefabricated wallboard 3, the laminated floor slab and the next prefabricated wallboard 1 is realized.
When the lower end of the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is connected with the ground, a plurality of embedded bolts are uniformly arranged in the foundation and correspond to the T-shaped plate connectors in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 one by one; the lower end of the embedded bolt is fixedly inserted into the foundation, the upper end of the embedded bolt extends into the T-shaped plate connector in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3, the embedded bolt is fixedly connected with the T-shaped plate connector in the lower prefabricated wallboard 3 through the nut, and the lower prefabricated wallboard 3 is assembled and connected with the ground.
The T-shaped plate connector 12 comprises a flange plate 121, a web plate 122, a welding steel plate 123 and a ribbed plate 124, wherein the flange plate 121 is horizontally embedded at the bottom end of the upper prefabricated wall panel 1 or the lower prefabricated wall panel 3, and the lower surface of the flange plate 121 is flush with the bottom end of the upper prefabricated wall panel 1 or the lower prefabricated wall panel 3; the web plate 122 is vertically fixed on the flange plate 121, the web plate 122 is vertically parallel to the upper prefabricated wall panel 1 or the lower prefabricated wall panel 3, and the web plate 122 and the flange plate 121 are fixed by welding. Welding steel plates 123 are respectively arranged on two sides of the upper end of the web plate 122, one side of each welding steel plate 123 is fixedly connected with the web plate 122 in a welding mode, and the other side of each welding steel plate 123 is fixedly welded with the bottom ends of the longitudinal ribs 10 in the upper prefabricated wall plate 1 or the lower prefabricated wall plate 3; stiffening ribs 124 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the web plate 122, one end of each stiffening rib 124 is vertically welded and fixed with the flange plate 121, and the other end of each stiffening rib 124 is vertically welded and fixed with the web plate 122.
The flange plate 121 is provided with bolt mounting holes and steel bar mounting holes, and the bolt mounting holes and the steel bar mounting holes on the flange plate 121 are symmetrically arranged along the axis of the web plate 122; the bolt mounting holes are formed in the middle of two sides of the flange plate 121, and the steel bar mounting holes on the same side are symmetrically distributed at two ends of the flange plate 121; the upper ends of the connecting bolts in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 penetrate through bolt mounting holes of a flange plate of the upper prefabricated wall plate and are fixedly connected with the flange plate through nuts, and the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 penetrate through steel bar mounting holes of the flange plate of the upper prefabricated wall plate and are fixedly connected with the flange plate through nuts; the embedded bolts in the foundation penetrate through bolt mounting holes and steel bar mounting holes in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 and are fixedly connected with flange plates in the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 through nuts; and bolt hand holes are formed in two sides of the web plate, and after the nut is installed, the bolt hand holes, the bolt installation holes and the steel bar installation holes are sealed by mortar.
In the utility model, the bolt mounting holes and the steel bar mounting holes on the flange plates are all arranged into the elliptical holes, so that the connecting bolts and the longitudinal bars can be accurately inserted into the T-shaped plate connector, the positions of the connecting bolts and the longitudinal bars can be conveniently adjusted, and the assembly efficiency of the wall body is effectively improved; meanwhile, the gasket is arranged between the nut and the flange plate, so that stable connection between the nut and the flange plate is ensured.
The upper prefabricated wall plate 1 and the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 both adopt composite wall structures, and each composite wall structure comprises two side rib columns 4, a plurality of middle rib columns 5, a plurality of rib beams 6, building blocks 7 and a concrete surface layer; the two side rib columns 4 are vertically arranged in parallel, the plurality of middle rib columns 5 are vertically arranged between the two side rib columns 4 at intervals, the plurality of rib beams 6 are horizontally arranged between the side rib columns 4 and the middle rib columns 5, the side rib columns 4, the middle rib columns 5 and the rib beams 6 form a lattice structure, building blocks 7 are filled in the lattice structure, and a concrete surface layer is coated on the outer sides of the lattice structure and the building blocks 7 to form a composite wall body structure; the connecting bolts 13 are vertically embedded at the top ends of the side rib columns 4 and the middle rib columns 5, and the T-shaped connectors 12 are embedded at the bottom ends of the side rib columns 4 and the middle rib columns 5; the utility model adopts the rib columns and the rib beams to form a lattice structure, the building blocks, the lattices and the edge connecting members can play a main role in sequence under the action of small earthquake, medium earthquake and large earthquake, and release earthquake energy stage by stage, thereby having clear multi-seismic defense lines and having the stress characteristic of ductility and earthquake resistance; meanwhile, the method of internally arranging the T-shaped plate connector and the connecting bolts does not damage the wall body, reduces the damage to the wall body and saves materials and working procedures.
The side rib column 4 or the middle rib column 5 comprises a plurality of longitudinal ribs 10, a plurality of stirrups 11 and a concrete casting body, the longitudinal ribs 10 are vertically arranged, the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs 10 are exposed out of the top ends of the side rib column 4 or the middle rib column 5, the stirrups 11 are arranged on the longitudinal ribs 10 at intervals in the vertical direction, and the concrete casting body is coated on the outer sides of the longitudinal ribs 10 and the stirrups 11; the development of building block cracks is effectively limited through the structural arrangement of longitudinal bars, stirrups and vertical anchor bars in the side rib columns 4 and the middle rib columns 5, and the bearing capacity of the wall body is improved.
In the utility model, the building block 7 is made of sand aerated concrete building block or ash aerated concrete building block, and the sand aerated concrete building block or the ash aerated concrete building block is made of siliceous materials, such as sand and calcareous materials; lime and cement are used as main raw materials; incorporating a gas generating agent such as aluminum powder; the concrete of the light porous silicate product is made by the technical processes of batching, stirring, pouring, pre-curing, cutting, autoclaving, curing and the like, and the concrete adopts recycled aggregate and is internally filled with light block materials to replace the traditional concrete material; effectively relieving the problems of consumption of raw materials and recycling of part of construction wastes.
The contact surface between the adjacent upper prefabricated wall plate 1 or the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 is sealed by mortar; the contact surface between the upper prefabricated wall plate 1 and the composite floor slab 2 is sealed by mortar; the contact surface between the lower prefabricated wall plate 3 and the composite floor slab 2 or the ground is sealed by mortar; the pressure balance of the wall body is ensured, the connection reliability is effectively improved, and the phenomenon of crack penetration at the bottom of the wall body can be avoided.
The floor slab 2 is provided with bolt through holes and steel bar through holes, connecting bolts are arranged in the anchor bar through holes in a penetrating mode, the upper ends of the longitudinal bars are arranged in the steel bar through holes in a penetrating mode, and mortar is poured into the bolt through holes and the steel bar through holes; the floor slab 2 is a composite floor slab and comprises a prefabricated composite bottom plate 21 and a cast-in-place layer 22, and the cast-in-place layer 22 is arranged on the upper portion of the prefabricated composite bottom plate 21.
The assembled wall body connecting structure based on the T-shaped plates, provided by the utility model, has the advantages that the connecting bolts and the T-shaped plate connectors are arranged in the prefabricated wall boards, and when the prefabricated wall boards on the upper layer and the lower layer are connected with the ground, the T-shaped plate connectors are connected with the connecting bolts or the pre-buried bolts, so that the assembly connection between the prefabricated wall boards on the upper layer and the lower layer or between the prefabricated wall boards and the ground is realized; the upper end of a web plate of the T-shaped plate connector is provided with a welding steel plate, and the welding steel plate and the longitudinal ribs are welded and fixed; the longitudinal ribs in the next layer of prefabricated wall board penetrate through the laminated floor slab and are anchored with the flange plate of the T-shaped board connector in the previous layer of prefabricated wall board by using nuts; after the installation is finished, pouring mortar into each T-shaped plate connector and each bolt handhole; the utility model discloses the pressure that well wall body received passes through node concrete transmission, and the pulling force that receives transmits the top of adjacent wall body through T type board connector flange board from the bottom of prefabricated wallboard, and T type board connector provides sufficient resistance, and it is clear and definite to pass power, and the reliability is high.
The T-shaped plate connector in the utility model is welded into a whole by utilizing the flange plate, the web plate and the two welding steel plates; the longitudinal ribs in the side rib columns and the middle rib columns of the prefabricated wall panel on the layer are connected with the welding steel plates on two sides of the web plate of the T-shaped plate connector in a welding mode, construction is simple and convenient, and the connecting effect is good. The flange plate is provided with an oval hole which is beneficial to the adjustment of the positions of the bolt and the longitudinal rib. The connecting bolt and the longitudinal bar are fastened and connected through a nut after penetrating through the flange plate oval hole, and a base plate is arranged below the nut; the connection mode is convenient to check the fastening condition of the connecting bolt through the mounting hole, has reliable quality, improves the stability and reliability of the structure, is simple and convenient to construct and improves the construction efficiency; the web both sides set firmly along transversely arranged's stiffening rib, and length is unanimous with the transverse length of web, and the stiffening rib specifically is the steel sheet, has improved steel bar connector's rigidity and overall stability through the stiffening rib.
The utility model provides a prefabricated wallboard forms the sash structure by the less rib post of cross-section and arrangement of reinforcement and rib beam, and embedded light block material is compared with traditional concrete wall as the building block, has characteristics such as the quality is light, the ductility is good, anti-seismic performance is good. The building blocks are made of recycled aggregate concrete materials, so that the pollution to the environment is greatly reduced, and the building blocks are economical and applicable; the longitudinal ribs in the rib columns play roles of distributing reinforcing steel bars and connecting pieces, so that the vertical wall bodies are connected into a whole, the strength of the wall body is effectively improved, and the integrity of the wall body is better.
A construction method based on assembled wall connection structure of T template, including following step:
step 1, manufacturing of prefabricated wall board
Binding wall reinforcing steel bars, welding and connecting longitudinal bars of the rib columns with a T-shaped plate connector, and fixedly installing the T-shaped plate connector at the bottom end of the prefabricated wall; and (3) preventing connecting bolts from being connected at the top end of the prefabricated wall body, placing building blocks, erecting a mould, pouring concrete, and removing the mould to form the prefabricated composite wallboard.
Step 2, when the strength of the prefabricated wallboard reaches over 75% of a design value, firstly wetting the wall base ground, and paving mortar at the bottom of the wallboard; hoisting the prefabricated wall board to an installation position, adjusting the prefabricated wall board to be positioned and in place, enabling the connecting bolts and the longitudinal ribs at the top of the next layer of prefabricated wall body to correspond to the bolt installation holes or the steel bar installation holes of the T-shaped board connector at the bottom end of the previous layer of prefabricated wall board one by one, placing the backing plate and the nuts, enabling the connecting bolts and the longitudinal ribs to coincide with the circle centers of the oval holes, the backing plate and the nuts respectively, and fastening the nuts; after the bolts are fixed, grouting base slurry or grouting slurry is used for grouting and filling the operation holes and the two sides of the T-shaped plate connector, and the T-shaped plate connector is economical and convenient to use.
The assembled wall body connecting structure based on the T-shaped plates realizes the connection between the wall plate and the wall plate or between the wall plate and the foundation by utilizing the connector of the T-shaped plates, and has the advantages of simple structure, clear stress, convenient construction and high reliability; the T-shaped plate connector is simple in structure, convenient to machine and operate, good in rigidity and stability, capable of solving the problems that the prefabricated precision of components is high, the time for hole alignment in installation is long, the installation error control requirement is high and the like, and capable of improving the integrity and reliability of the assembled composite wall node.
The utility model discloses well assembled wall connection structure, prefabricated wallboard adopt light building block and rib check structure to set up connecting elements at prefabricated wallboard edge, can play the main role in proper order under little shake, middle shake and big shake effect, release seismic energy stage by stage, have clear and definite multichannel antidetonation defence line, possess the atress characteristic of ductility shock resistance; the structural arrangement of the distributed steel bars in the rib columns further limits the development of cracks of the light building blocks and improves the bearing capacity of the wall body. The application of the recycled aggregate concrete block greatly reduces the environmental pollution, and is economical and applicable.
The above embodiment is only one of the embodiments that can realize the technical solution of the present invention, and the scope of the present invention is not limited only by the embodiment, but also includes any variations, substitutions and other embodiments that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. An assembly type wall body connecting structure based on a T-shaped plate is characterized by comprising a prefabricated wall plate, wherein a plurality of connecting bolts (13) are embedded in the top end of the prefabricated wall plate, a plurality of T-shaped plate connectors (12) are embedded in the bottom end of the prefabricated wall plate, and the T-shaped plate connectors (12) are arranged corresponding to the connecting bolts (13); the prefabricated wall board is internally provided with longitudinal ribs (10), the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs (10) are exposed out of the top end of the prefabricated wall board, and the lower ends of the longitudinal ribs are fixedly connected with a T-shaped board connector (12);
the upper ends of the connecting bolts of the next layer of prefabricated wall panel extend into the T-shaped plate connector of the previous layer of prefabricated wall panel and are fixedly connected together through nuts; the upper ends of the longitudinal ribs of the lower layer of prefabricated wall panel extend into the T-shaped plate connector of the upper layer of prefabricated wall panel and are fixedly connected together through nuts.
2. An assembly type wall connecting structure based on T-shaped plates, according to claim 1, characterized in that the T-shaped plate connector (12) comprises a flange plate (121), a web plate (122) and a welded steel plate (123); the flange plate (121) is horizontally embedded at the bottom end of the prefabricated wall plate, the web plate (122) is vertically fixed on the flange plate (121), and the web plate (122) is parallel to the prefabricated wall plate; two sides of the upper end of the web plate (122) are respectively provided with a welding steel plate (123), one side of the welding steel plate (123) is fixedly connected with the web plate (122), and the other side is fixedly connected with the longitudinal rib (10);
the flange plate (121) is provided with bolt mounting holes and steel bar mounting holes, wherein the upper ends of the connecting bolts of the next layer of prefabricated wall plate penetrate through the bolt mounting holes of the flange plate of the previous layer of prefabricated wall plate, and the connecting bolts are fixedly connected with the flange plate through nuts; the upper end of the longitudinal bar of the lower prefabricated wallboard runs through the steel bar mounting hole of the flange plate of the upper prefabricated wallboard, and the longitudinal bar is fixedly connected with the flange plate through the nut.
3. An assembly type wall connecting structure based on T-shaped boards according to claim 2, characterized in that the T-shaped board connector (12) further comprises two stiffening ribs (124), the two stiffening ribs (124) are symmetrically arranged at two sides of the web (122), one end of each stiffening rib (124) is vertically and fixedly connected with the flange plate (121), and the other end is vertically and fixedly connected with the web (122).
4. The assembled wall connecting structure based on the T-shaped plates as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bolt mounting holes and the steel bar mounting holes on the flange plates (121) are all elliptical holes; and a gasket is arranged between the nut and the flange plate.
5. The assembled wall connecting structure based on the T-shaped boards as claimed in claim 1, wherein the prefabricated wall boards are of a composite wall structure; the composite wall structure comprises two side rib columns (4), a plurality of middle rib columns (5), a plurality of transverse ribs (6), building blocks (7) and a concrete surface layer; the two side rib columns (4) are vertically arranged in parallel, the plurality of middle rib columns (5) are vertically arranged between the two side rib columns (4) in parallel, the plurality of transverse ribs (6) are horizontally arranged between the side rib columns (4) and the middle rib columns (5), and the side rib columns (4), the middle rib columns (5) and the transverse ribs (6) form a lattice structure; building blocks (7) are filled in the sash structure, and the concrete surface layer is coated on the outer sides of the sash structure and the building blocks (7); the connecting bolts (13) are vertically embedded at the top ends of the side rib columns (4) and the middle rib columns (5), and the T-shaped plate connectors (12) are embedded at the bottom ends of the side rib columns (4) and the middle rib columns (5).
6. The assembled wall connecting structure based on the T-shaped boards as claimed in claim 5, wherein the longitudinal ribs (10) are vertically arranged in the side rib columns (4) and the middle rib column (5), the longitudinal ribs (10) are uniformly provided with a plurality of stirrups (11), and the outer sides of the longitudinal ribs (10) and the stirrups (11) are coated with concrete casting.
7. The assembled wall connecting structure based on the T-shaped plates is characterized in that the building blocks (7) are sand aerated concrete blocks or ash aerated concrete blocks.
8. The assembled wall body connecting structure based on the T-shaped plates as claimed in claim 1, wherein when the lower end of the prefabricated wall plate is connected with the ground, a plurality of embedded bolts are uniformly arranged in the foundation, and the embedded bolts are arranged corresponding to T-shaped plate connectors (12) in the prefabricated wall plate; the upper ends of the embedded bolts extend into the T-shaped plate connector (12) and are fixedly connected through nuts.
9. An assembly type wall connecting structure based on T-shaped boards as claimed in claim 1, wherein the contact surfaces between the adjacent prefabricated wall boards and between the prefabricated wall boards and the floor or the ground are sealed by mortar.
CN202021387953.5U 2020-07-14 2020-07-14 Assembled wall connection structure based on T template Active CN212295165U (en)

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