CN212292737U - Vacuum test tube device of uncapping - Google Patents

Vacuum test tube device of uncapping Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212292737U
CN212292737U CN202020907332.9U CN202020907332U CN212292737U CN 212292737 U CN212292737 U CN 212292737U CN 202020907332 U CN202020907332 U CN 202020907332U CN 212292737 U CN212292737 U CN 212292737U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
positioning
box
blood collection
test tube
vacuum blood
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Active
Application number
CN202020907332.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宣彬彬
盛慧明
孙寒晓
谭美玉
徐伟红
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Shanghai Tong Ren Hospital
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Shanghai Tong Ren Hospital
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Priority to CN202020907332.9U priority Critical patent/CN212292737U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212292737U publication Critical patent/CN212292737U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a cover opening device of a vacuum blood collection tube, which comprises a box body with an ultraviolet lamp inside, a cover opening component and a plurality of groups of clamping components; the clamping assembly comprises a positioning mechanism and a rotating shaft horizontally arranged on one side of the positioning mechanism; the positioning mechanism is used for placing and positioning the test tube rack; the rotating shaft is provided with an elastic pressing piece and a gear; the rotating shafts in each group of clamping assemblies are connected in a gear meshing manner and rotate under the driving of a motor, so that the clamping pieces on the groups of clamping assemblies are biased towards the corresponding positioning mechanisms; the cover opening assembly comprises a horizontal guide rail and a translation frame; the translation frame can be movably arranged on the horizontal guide rail and moves under the driving of a translation executing mechanism; the translation frame is provided with a lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is fixed with an opening cover plate, and a plurality of slits corresponding to the placing positions of the test tubes on the positioning mechanism are formed in the opening cover plate. The advantages are that: improve work efficiency, reduce and be uncapped the in-process by the test tube fish tail, aerosol is scattered and the test tube drops all kinds of potential risks such as.

Description

Vacuum test tube device of uncapping
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of medical equipment, specifically speaking is one kind especially relates to a vacuum test tube device of uncapping.
Background
The invention relates to a vacuum blood sampling technology at the end of the 30 s in the 20 th century, which has the advantages of convenient clinical use, simple operation, totally enclosed test tube, biosafety, easy repeated inspection of samples, easy storage of samples and the like, and is basically popularized and applied in China. The laboratory vacuum blood collection tube specimen generally needs a treatment process before analysis, if a biochemical specimen is subjected to the steps of collection, centrifugation, cover opening, inspection, cover closing, preservation, disinfection treatment and the like, the whole process is high in labor intensity, and complex in operation, so that the process needs to be optimized, the efficiency is improved, and the labor intensity is reduced.
At present, the uncovering action of the vacuum blood collection tube in the medical laboratory is mostly manually completed by medical staff, and the manual opening operation of the blood collection tube cover has the following defects: 1. the labor is complicated; 2. the time consumption is long; 3. the biological safety risk is large, if the mouth of the test tube is broken to scratch an operator, the blood sample is splashed and aerosol is generated due to the sudden release of local negative pressure in the tube in the cover opening process, so that bacteria and viruses infect medical personnel.
The equipment that can be used to vacuum test tube uncap in the existing market mainly falls into two main categories, one kind is the automatic uncap device of collocation in being applied to large-scale biochemical detection assembly line, and the other kind is the small instrument who is used for uncapping specially.
The uncovering device on the biochemical assembly line is matched with the track for conveying the test tube to uncover, and only one cover can be opened when the hand grip moves, so that the uncovering device is difficult to apply to remote areas or medical institutions which have no ability to purchase biochemical assembly line detection.
And for a small-sized cap opener, a timing and ultraviolet disinfection device is lacked, so that the generation of aerosol is difficult to effectively reduce, and potential infection risks exist.
To the defect that prior art exists, provide the utility model discloses.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at the structural shortcoming of prior art, in order to reduce the burden of clinical a ray of inspection personnel in the actual work, provide a vacuum test tube device of uncapping, improve work efficiency, reduce and be uncapped in-process by the test tube fish tail, aerosol is disseminated (especially during the virus epidemic situation) and the test tube all kinds of potential risks such as drop.
In order to achieve the above object, the embodiment of the present invention provides a vacuum blood collection tube cap opening device, which is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a vacuum test tube device of uncapping, relates to a single test-tube rack of placing vacuum test tube, and its characterized in that, vacuum test tube device of uncapping includes:
the box body is internally provided with an ultraviolet lamp;
the clamping components comprise a positioning mechanism and a rotating shaft horizontally arranged on one side of the positioning mechanism; the positioning mechanism is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the box body and used for placing and positioning the test tube rack so as to position the operation position of each vacuum blood collection tube on the test tube rack; an elastic pressing piece is arranged on the rotating shaft corresponding to the operating position of the vacuum blood collection tube on the positioning mechanism, and a gear is further arranged on the rotating shaft; the rotating shafts in the clamping assemblies are connected in a gear meshing manner and rotate under the driving of a motor, so that the clamping pieces on the rotating shafts are biased to the corresponding positioning mechanism, and the vacuum blood collection tubes of the test tube rack on the positioning mechanism are pressed;
the cover opening assembly comprises a horizontal guide rail and a translation frame; the horizontal guide rail is arranged on the side wall in the box body; the translation frame can be movably arranged on the horizontal guide rail and can move along the horizontal guide rail under the driving of a translation executing mechanism; the translation frame is provided with a lifting mechanism, the jacking end of the lifting mechanism is fixed with an opening cover plate, and a plurality of slits corresponding to the placing positions of the test tubes on the positioning mechanism are formed in the opening cover plate; the slit width is between the diameter of the vacuum blood collection tube and the diameter of the vacuum blood collection tube cover;
and the controller is provided with an accumulation timer and controls the ultraviolet lamp, the translation executing mechanism and the lifting mechanism.
The box body comprises a box body and a box cover hinged with the box body; the ultraviolet lamp is arranged on the inner side surface of the box body and/or the box cover.
The outside of box is provided with control panel and display panel, the controller is connected control panel and display panel.
The rotating shaft is supported by bearings on the left side wall and the right side wall of the box body.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: can realize the automatic action of uncapping of vacuum test tube to through regularly stewing and ultraviolet ray disinfection setting. The work efficiency and potential aerosol infection risk of first-line inspection personnel can be greatly reduced. The utility model discloses this condition can effectually be avoided.
Drawings
The above features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the exemplary embodiments thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a view of the whole structure of a cover opening device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a side view of a lid opening device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a clamping assembly and a cover opening assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the cover plate according to the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following provides a detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention with reference to the examples.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the utility model provides a vacuum test tube device of uncapping, its single test-tube rack 1 that adopts the customization mainly includes:
the box body 2, the box body 2 includes the body 21 of the box and cover 22 hinged with body 21 of the box; an ultraviolet lamp 23 is provided on the rear side wall of the case body 21.
And four groups of clamping assemblies 3, wherein each group of clamping assembly 3 comprises a rotating shaft 31 and a positioning mechanism 32.
The positioning mechanism 32 is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the box body 21 and used for placing the test tube rack 1 and positioning each vacuum blood collection tube operation position on the test tube rack; in the present embodiment, the positioning mechanism 32 is a plurality of positioning blocks configured to match the shape of the base of the test tube rack 1.
The rotating shaft 31 is supported by bearings on the left and right side walls of the case body 21 to be rotatable, an elastic pressing member 311 is arranged on the rotating shaft 31 corresponding to the vacuum blood collection tube operation position on the positioning mechanism 32, and a gear 312 is also arranged on the rotating shaft 31; the rotation shafts 31 of the holding members 3 are connected in a gear-meshing manner and are driven by a motor (not shown) to rotate, so that the elastic pressing members 311 are biased toward the corresponding positioning mechanisms 32, thereby pressing the vacuum blood collection tubes 11 of the test tube rack 1 on the positioning mechanisms 32, and fixing the vacuum blood collection tubes 11.
The cover opening assembly 4 comprises two horizontal guide rails 41 and a translation frame 42; the horizontal guide rail 41 is horizontally fixed on a side wall arranged in the box body 21, and the translation frame 42 is fixed on a slide block of the horizontal guide rail 41 and can move along the horizontal guide rail 41. The translation frame 42 is driven by a translation actuator 43 to move along the horizontal guide rail, in this embodiment, the translation actuator 43 is a cylinder, the fixed end of the cylinder is fixed on the rear side wall of the box body 1, and the jacking end is fixed on the translation frame 42. The translation frame 42 is provided with a lifting mechanism 44, and a lifting cover plate 45 is fixed at the jacking end of the lifting mechanism 44. Referring to fig. 4, a plurality of slits corresponding to the positions of the test tube rack 1 on the positioning mechanism 32 where the vacuum blood collection tubes 11 are placed are formed on the cover opening plate 45; the slit width is between the diameter of the cap 12 and the diameter of the evacuated blood collection tube 11. When the cap is opened, the translation actuator 43 drives the cap 45 to move forward, so that the vacuum blood collection tube 11 is inserted into the slit of the cap 45, and the cap 12 of the vacuum blood collection tube 11 is located above the cap 45. Then, the lifting mechanism 44 drives the cover opening plate 45 to move upward, thereby moving the cap 12 of the vacuum blood collection tube 11, and thus completing the cover opening operation of the vacuum blood collection tube 11. The lifting mechanism 4 is also a cylinder in this embodiment, and the fixed end of the cylinder is fixed on the translation frame 42, and the lifting end of the cylinder faces downwards and is connected with the cover opening plate 45.
The controller is provided with an accumulation timer and is connected with and controls the ultraviolet lamp 23, the translation executing mechanism 43 and the lifting mechanism 4.
Further, a control panel 5 and a display panel 6 are provided outside the casing 1, and the controller connects the control panel 5 and the display panel 6.
Combine above-mentioned device structure, the utility model has the advantages that:
can realize the automatic action of uncapping of vacuum test tube to through regularly stewing and ultraviolet ray disinfection setting. The work efficiency and potential aerosol infection risk of first-line inspection personnel can be greatly reduced.
The utility model discloses this condition can effectually be avoided. The above embodiments are intended to illustrate the utility model in detail, but the general technical personnel in the field of the utility model can understand that the above embodiments of the utility model are only one of the preferred embodiments of the utility model, for space limitation, all embodiments can not be enumerated here one by one, and any implementation that can embody the technical scheme of the utility model is all in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a vacuum test tube device of uncapping, relates to a single test-tube rack of placing vacuum test tube, its characterized in that, vacuum test tube device of uncapping includes:
the box body is internally provided with an ultraviolet lamp;
the clamping components comprise a positioning mechanism and a rotating shaft horizontally arranged on one side of the positioning mechanism; the positioning mechanism is arranged on the inner bottom surface of the box body and used for placing and positioning the test tube rack so as to position the operation position of each vacuum blood collection tube on the test tube rack; an elastic pressing piece is arranged on the rotating shaft corresponding to the operating position of the vacuum blood collection tube on the positioning mechanism, and a gear is further arranged on the rotating shaft; the rotating shafts in the clamping assemblies are connected in a gear meshing manner and rotate under the driving of a motor, so that the clamping pieces on the rotating shafts are biased to the corresponding positioning mechanism, and the vacuum blood collection tubes of the test tube rack on the positioning mechanism are pressed;
the cover opening assembly comprises a horizontal guide rail and a translation frame; the horizontal guide rail is arranged on the side wall in the box body; the translation frame can be movably arranged on the horizontal guide rail and can move along the horizontal guide rail under the driving of a translation executing mechanism; the translation frame is provided with a lifting mechanism, the jacking end of the lifting mechanism is fixed with an opening cover plate, and a plurality of slits corresponding to the placing positions of the test tubes on the positioning mechanism are formed in the opening cover plate; the slit width is between the diameter of the vacuum blood collection tube and the diameter of the vacuum blood collection tube cover;
and the controller is provided with an accumulation timer and controls the ultraviolet lamp, the translation executing mechanism and the lifting mechanism.
2. The vacuum blood collection tube uncovering device of claim 1, wherein: the box body comprises a box body and a box cover hinged with the box body; the ultraviolet lamp is arranged on the inner side surface of the box body and/or the box cover.
3. The vacuum blood collection tube uncovering device of claim 1, wherein: the outside of box is provided with control panel and display panel, the controller is connected control panel and display panel.
4. The vacuum blood collection tube uncovering device of claim 1, wherein: the rotating shaft is supported by bearings on the left side wall and the right side wall of the box body.
CN202020907332.9U 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Vacuum test tube device of uncapping Active CN212292737U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020907332.9U CN212292737U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Vacuum test tube device of uncapping

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020907332.9U CN212292737U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Vacuum test tube device of uncapping

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212292737U true CN212292737U (en) 2021-01-05

Family

ID=73969752

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020907332.9U Active CN212292737U (en) 2020-05-26 2020-05-26 Vacuum test tube device of uncapping

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212292737U (en)

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