CN212275504U - Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum - Google Patents

Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212275504U
CN212275504U CN202022106988.3U CN202022106988U CN212275504U CN 212275504 U CN212275504 U CN 212275504U CN 202022106988 U CN202022106988 U CN 202022106988U CN 212275504 U CN212275504 U CN 212275504U
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China
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transparent
agricultural
rotating drum
holes
repose
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CN202022106988.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊荣
崔清亮
张莹玉
侯华铭
张燕青
李红波
张宁
畅治兵
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an agricultural material developments angle of repose measuring device based on rotatory drum, including bolt, transmission shaft, motor, shaft coupling, reduction gear, connecting sleeve, rotatory drum body, transparent rotatory drum cover and stud, the motor is connected with the reduction gear through the shaft coupling, transmission shaft and connecting sleeve are connected through flat key, connecting sleeve's main aspects and rotatory drum body are connected through stud to transparent rotatory drum cover and rotatory drum body are connected through the bolt, transparent rotatory drum cover inboard is fixed with spline section of thick bamboo, it has the spline piece rather than shape size assorted to peg graft in the spline section of thick bamboo, the other end of spline piece is fixed with transparent case lid, transparent case lid left end can be dismantled through the buckle and be connected with transparent box. The utility model discloses rational in infrastructure, easy operation requires lowerly to measuring environment, and measurement accuracy is high, and a clamping can accomplish the measurement of multiple agricultural material dynamic angle of repose.

Description

Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural material detects technical field, especially relates to an agricultural material developments angle of repose measuring device based on rotatory drum.
Background
The agricultural material refers to various powdery and granular materials related to agricultural engineering. The angle of repose of the agricultural material is the maximum angle formed by the free inclined plane of the accumulated layer of the agricultural material (powder or granular layer) and the horizontal plane. The angle of repose is one of important physical characteristic parameters of agricultural materials, directly influences production links such as storage, transportation and cleaning of the agricultural materials, and plays a very important role in the design aspects of devices such as storage, transportation and cleaning of the agricultural materials.
At present, there are various methods for measuring the angle of repose, and an injection method, an ejection method, and a tilt method are commonly used. The injection method and the discharge method are simple to operate and high in measurement speed, but the materials are in an open environment, and are greatly influenced by the external environment during measurement, so that the measurement precision is low, and the method is not suitable for measuring the materials with small repose angles. When the angle of repose of the material is measured by adopting an inclination method, compared with other measuring methods, the material is in a closed environment, the interference factor is small, the error is small, the angle of repose precision is higher, but the feeding and clamping are more complicated, and the high-efficiency measurement is not facilitated. The accurate angle of repose can make the design of equipment such as agricultural material storage, transportation, cleaning more accurate, and the performance is more excellent, and work is more high-efficient. Because agricultural material is in relative motion state in most production links again, consequently, the measuring device of agricultural material dynamic angle of repose that development easy operation and measurement accuracy are high has profound meaning in aspects such as cereal storage, transportation and cleaning, for this reason, the utility model provides an agricultural material dynamic angle of repose measuring device based on rotatory drum solves above-mentioned problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Objects of the invention
For solving the technical problem that exists among the background art, the utility model provides an agricultural material developments angle of repose measuring device based on rotatory drum, rational in infrastructure, easy operation requires lowerly to measuring environment, and measurement accuracy is high, and a clamping can accomplish the measurement of multiple agricultural material developments angle of repose.
(II) technical scheme
The utility model provides an agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on a rotary drum, which comprises a bolt, a transmission shaft, a motor, a shaft coupling, a speed reducer, a connecting sleeve, a rotary drum body, a transparent rotary drum cover and a stud, wherein the motor is connected with the speed reducer through the shaft coupling, the transmission shaft is connected with the connecting sleeve through a flat key, the big end of the connecting sleeve is connected with the rotary drum body through the stud, the transparent rotary drum cover is connected with the rotary drum body through the bolt, the inner side of the transparent rotary drum cover is fixed with a spline cylinder, the spline cylinder is internally inserted with a spline block matched with the spline block in shape and size, the other end of the spline block is fixed with a transparent case cover, the left end of the transparent case cover is detachably connected with a transparent case body through a buckle, the transparent case body is internally fixed with a partition plate, the partition plate is provided with a plurality of round through holes, the transparent box body is divided into a plurality of disc-shaped loading areas.
Preferably, the transmission shaft is fixedly connected with the output end of the speed reducer.
Preferably, a plurality of through holes are formed in one side, away from the transmission shaft, of the connecting sleeve and the surface of the rotary drum body, the through holes are in one-to-one correspondence, the number of the stud bolts is equal to that of the through holes, the stud bolts are connected in a plurality of the through holes in an inserting mode, and first nuts are connected to the two ends of the stud bolts through threads.
Preferably, a plurality of round holes are formed in the surface, close to each other, of one side of the rotary drum body and the transparent rotary drum cover, the number of the bolts is matched with the number of the round holes, the bolts are respectively inserted into the round holes, the threaded ends of the bolts are connected with second nuts in a threaded mode, and the rotary drum body is made of transparent materials.
Preferably, a camera is fixed in the connecting sleeve, and the camera and the rotary drum body are in the same axial direction.
Preferably, the camera is wirelessly connected with an external printing device.
Preferably, two threaded columns are symmetrically fixed at the right end of the transparent box cover, two through holes are symmetrically formed in the right surface of the transparent rotary drum cover, and the two threaded columns penetrate through the two through holes respectively and are connected with third nuts through threads.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the low-speed rotation through the transmission shaft after the motor work drives the connecting sleeve, the rotatory drum body, transparent rotatory drum lid rotates to drive transparent box and rotate, when the material forms smooth material free flow surface promptly when a plurality of disc regions that the division board falls into are static relatively, shoot through the camera with rotatory drum body center at collinear, measure the dynamic angle of repose that can obtain the material with what protractor was measured the contained angle that material free flow surface and horizontal plane become in the photo.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an agricultural material dynamic angle of repose measuring device based on a rotating drum, which is provided by the utility model;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional structure of a rotary drum body and a transparent rotary drum cover after the rotary drum body and the transparent rotary drum cover are assembled in the agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on the rotary drum;
FIG. 3 is a side view of a connecting sleeve in the device for measuring the dynamic angle of repose of agricultural materials based on a rotating drum according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a connecting sleeve in the device for measuring the dynamic angle of repose of agricultural materials based on a rotating drum according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a transparent rotary drum cover in the device for measuring the dynamic angle of repose of agricultural materials based on a rotary drum according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is the utility model provides a transparent box's side view cross-sectional view among agricultural material developments angle of repose measuring device based on rotatory drum.
In the figure: the device comprises a bolt 1, a transmission shaft 2, a motor 3, a coupler 4, a speed reducer 5, a connecting sleeve 6, a rotary drum body 7, a transparent rotary drum cover 8, a stud 9, a threaded rod 10, a third nut 11, a camera 13, a spline cylinder 14, a spline block 15, a transparent case cover 16, a transparent case body 17 and a partition plate 18.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
As shown in figures 1-6, the utility model provides an agricultural material dynamic angle of repose measuring device based on a rotating drum, including bolt 1, transmission shaft 2, motor 3, shaft coupling 4, reduction gear 5, connecting sleeve 6, rotating drum body 7, transparent rotating drum cover 8 and stud 9, motor 3 is connected with reduction gear 5 through shaft coupling 4, transmission shaft 2 and connecting sleeve 6 are connected through the parallel key, the main end of connecting sleeve 6 is connected with rotating drum body 7 through stud 9, and transparent rotating drum cover 8 is connected with rotating drum body 7 through bolt 1, transparent rotating drum cover 8 inboard is fixed with spline section of thick bamboo 14, spline section of thick bamboo 14 interpolation is connected with its shape size assorted spline piece 15, the other end of spline section of thick bamboo 15 is fixed with transparent case lid 16, transparent case lid 16 left end through the buckle detachably connected with transparent box 17, a partition plate 18 is fixed in the transparent box body 17, and a plurality of circular through holes with the same size are formed in the partition plate 18 to divide the transparent box body 17 into a plurality of disc-shaped loading areas.
In an alternative embodiment, the transmission shaft 2 is fixedly connected to the output of the reduction gear 5.
In an optional embodiment, a plurality of through holes are formed in one side of the connecting sleeve 6 away from the transmission shaft 2 and the surface of the rotary drum body 7, the through holes correspond to one another, the number of the studs 9 is equal to that of the through holes, the studs 9 are respectively inserted into the through holes, and first nuts are connected to two ends of each stud 9 through threads.
In an optional embodiment, a plurality of round holes are formed in the surface of one side, close to each other, of the rotary drum body 7 and the transparent rotary drum cover 8, the number of the bolts 1 is matched with the number of the round holes, the bolts 1 are respectively inserted into the round holes, the threaded ends of the bolts 1 are respectively screwed with second nuts, and the rotary drum body 7 is made of a transparent material.
In an alternative embodiment, a camera 13 is fixed in the connecting sleeve 6, and the camera 13 and the rotary drum body 7 are in the same axial direction.
In an alternative embodiment, the camera 13 is wirelessly connected to an external printing device.
In an alternative embodiment, two threaded columns 10 are symmetrically fixed at the right end of the transparent case cover 16, two through holes are symmetrically formed in the right surface of the transparent rotary drum cover 8, and the two threaded columns 10 respectively penetrate through the two through holes and are in threaded connection with a third nut 11.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, before the motor 3 is started, the rotating drum body 7 is separated from the transparent rotating drum cover 8 by disassembling the bolt 1, then the buckle is loosened to separate the transparent case cover 16 from the transparent case body 17, then the materials to be measured are respectively placed in a plurality of disc areas formed by dividing the dividing plate 18, then the transparent case cover 16 is connected with the transparent case body 17 through the buckle, simultaneously the threaded rod 10 passes through the through hole and is locked by the third nut 11, thereby realizing the placement of the materials, after the materials are filled, the rotating drum body 7 is connected with the rotating drum cover 8 through the bolt 1, the rotating drum body 7 is connected with the connecting sleeve 6 through the stud 9, the device is driven to integrally rotate by the low-speed rotation of the transmission shaft 2 after the motor 3 is started, the input shaft of the speed reducer 5 is driven to rotate through the coupling 4 after the motor 3 works, and the speed is reduced by the speed reducer 5, the low-speed rotation of transmission shaft 2 drives connecting sleeve 6, rotatory drum body 7, rotatory drum lid 8 rotates, through spline piece 15, spline section of thick bamboo 14, threaded rod 10 and third nut 11, make transparent case lid 16, transparent box 17 rotates, when the material form smooth material free flow surface in transparent box 17, shoot through the camera 13 with transparent box 17 center at same straight line, the angle of repose that can obtain the material is measured with what the contained angle was become to material free flow surface and horizontal plane in the photo to the protractor.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and to simplify the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on the rotary drum is characterized by comprising a bolt (1), a transmission shaft (2), a motor (3), a coupler (4), a speed reducer (5), a connecting sleeve (6), a rotary drum body (7), a transparent rotary drum cover (8) and a stud (9), wherein the motor (3) is connected with the speed reducer (5) through the coupler (4), the transmission shaft (2) is connected with the connecting sleeve (6) through a flat key, the large end of the connecting sleeve (6) is connected with the rotary drum body (7) through the stud (9), the transparent rotary drum cover (8) is connected with the rotary drum body (7) through the bolt (1), a spline cylinder (14) is fixed on the inner side of the transparent rotary drum cover (8), and a spline block (15) matched with the shape and size of the spline cylinder (14) is inserted in the spline cylinder (14), the other end of the spline block (15) is fixed with a transparent box cover (16), the left end of the transparent box cover (16) is detachably connected with a transparent box body (17) through a buckle, a partition plate (18) is fixed in the transparent box body (17), a plurality of circular through holes with the same size are formed in the partition plate (18), and the transparent box body (17) is divided into a plurality of disc-shaped loading areas.
2. The device for measuring the dynamic angle of repose of agricultural materials based on a rotating drum as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the transmission shaft (2) is fixedly connected with the output end of the reducer (5).
3. The agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on the rotating drum is characterized in that one side, away from the transmission shaft (2), of the connecting sleeve (6) and the surface of the rotating drum body (7) are provided with a plurality of through holes, the through holes are in one-to-one correspondence, the number of the stud bolts (9) is equal to that of the through holes, the stud bolts (9) are respectively inserted into the through holes, and two ends of each stud bolt (9) are connected with first nuts through threads.
4. The agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on the rotating drum is characterized in that a plurality of round holes are formed in the side surface, close to each other, of the rotating drum body (7) and the transparent rotating drum cover (8), the number of the bolts (1) is matched with the number of the round holes, the bolts (1) are respectively inserted into the round holes, a second nut is screwed on one end, provided with threads, of each bolt (1), and the rotating drum body (7) is made of a transparent material.
5. The device for measuring the dynamic angle of repose of agricultural materials based on a rotating drum as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that a camera (13) is fixed in the connecting sleeve (6), and the camera (13) and the rotating drum body (7) are in the same axial direction.
6. The rotating drum based agricultural material dynamic angle of repose measuring device of claim 5, wherein the camera (13) is wirelessly connected with an external printing device.
7. The agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on the rotating drum is characterized in that two threaded columns (10) are symmetrically fixed at the right end of the transparent drum cover (16), two through holes are symmetrically formed in the right surface of the transparent rotating drum cover (8), and the two threaded columns (10) respectively penetrate through the two through holes and are connected with a third nut (11) through threads.
CN202022106988.3U 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum Active CN212275504U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022106988.3U CN212275504U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022106988.3U CN212275504U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212275504U true CN212275504U (en) 2021-01-01

Family

ID=73871015

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202022106988.3U Active CN212275504U (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Agricultural material dynamic repose angle measuring device based on rotating drum

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212275504U (en)

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