CN212268855U - Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron - Google Patents

Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212268855U
CN212268855U CN201820915856.5U CN201820915856U CN212268855U CN 212268855 U CN212268855 U CN 212268855U CN 201820915856 U CN201820915856 U CN 201820915856U CN 212268855 U CN212268855 U CN 212268855U
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China
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railway
flip
chip
departure
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CN201820915856.5U
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肖宇松
黄泽星
余永金
方亚非
王增力
张佳楠
周伟丽
蔡云峰
李�瑞
黄瑞
丁跃凡
国巍
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China Railway Wuhan Survey and Design and Institute Co Ltd
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China Railway Wuhan Survey and Design and Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an operating system that molten iron intermodal railway bay station unloaded to harbour district storage yard, including the railway to the place of departure and with a plurality of harbour districts that the railway corresponds to the place of departure, the railway is provided with at least one to the line of departure, still include with to the flip-chip field of the adjacent setting of line of departure, the flip-chip field be equipped with at least one with to the parallel flip-chip line of departure, flip-chip line and each harbour district UNICOM, the last operation of flip-chip line has a plurality of track power flatcars, railway bay station still is equipped with container handling machine, to the line of departure with the flip-chip line is located the loading and unloading scope of container handling machine. The utility model discloses a track power flatcar is as the transfer delivery vehicle, and the operation container of transfer marshalling does not fall to the ground the pile, therefore railway bay station does not need the container to stack the place, only needs to arrange the flip-chip line, and the container flip-chip area is little, saves the land, and the yard is arranged in a flexible way.

Description

Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a transportation technical field especially relates to an operating system that molten iron intermodal railway bay station unloaded to harbour district yard.
Background
The multi-type intermodal container has the advantages of long industrial chain, high efficiency, rapidness, intensive economy, safety, reliability and the like, and is an important direction for the development of cargo transportation. The combined transportation of water and iron and the combined transportation of highway and railway become a main form of the long-distance door-to-door transportation service of the containers, and the workload of transferring and marshalling the railway container trains is remarkably increased along with the increase of the transportation volume of the railway containers. Particularly, in a molten iron combined transportation project, when one railway harbor front station (harbor station) corresponds to a plurality of harbor wharf railway container yards (harbor areas and cargo areas), the arrangement sequence of arriving container train vehicles is disordered, the requirement of classifying and sequentially and quickly delivering a plurality of harbor special lines (harbor areas) cannot be met, the vehicles need to be decomposed and marshalled again according to the line classification requirement of the harbor special lines (harbor areas and cargo areas) and then are delivered to different harbor special lines (harbor areas) for unloading, the work load of the decompiling is very heavy, and the transportation transfer time is long.
The train disassembly and marshalling modes of the railway container train can be divided into two main types at present, wherein the first type is the traditional disassembly and marshalling mode of a motor train with a fixed box, and the second type is the disassembly and marshalling mode of the motor train with a fixed box.
The first type of conventional container train grouping mode of the motor train immovable boxes comprises the following steps:
1. the disassembling and marshalling mode of the transfer platform train is as follows: the train to be disassembled is pushed to the front of the train moving platform, is sent to the train moving platform by the train puller after being unhooked one by one or a plurality of trains, and then is transversely moved to a station track needing to be marshalled through the train moving platform. After being classified, the vehicles are gathered on marshalling lines with different group numbers and are sent to respective cargo areas (harbor areas) by shunting locomotives. Because each vehicle (or vehicle group) needs to be unhooked and the moving speed of the vehicle moving platform is low, the train disassembling and marshalling efficiency is low, and about 120-180 min is needed for the disassembly and marshalling of one train (60 carriages). This type of marshalling is used only for unloading bulk cargo from ports, power plants and for marshalling empty vehicles.
2. The plane shunting operation mode is as follows: the flat shunting operation is the most common and simple and feasible operation mode for disassembling and marshalling trains in the railway system and can be implemented in any station. The shunting locomotive pulls out the train to be disassembled through a pulling line, and pushes the train to the station tracks of each specified group number one by one according to the classification group number of the vehicle goods destination. And then returning to the drawing line, transferring the next group of vehicles to the station track of the corresponding group number after switching the turnout, repeating the steps, and finishing classification of all the arriving vehicles according to the group number. After being classified, the vehicles are gathered on marshalling lines with different group numbers and are sent to respective cargo areas (harbor areas) by shunting locomotives. The locomotive has long back-and-forth travel distance in a plane shunting operation mode, frequent unhooking is needed, the operation time of the decommissioning is longest if the number of hooks is more in the whole train decommissioning process, and the train marshalling efficiency is not high. The method is suitable for being adopted when the number of train unwinding hooks is small and the number of train unwinding groups is small, and generally 60-120 min is required for unwinding a train (60 carriages).
3. Hump sliding shunting operation mode: the hump is a line with camel hump-shaped longitudinal section, the train to be disassembled is pulled out through a pulling line by using a shunting locomotive, then the train is pushed to the top of the hump (ascending slope), the train automatically slides into each track to be marshalled by using the height difference potential energy between the hump and the marshalling line and the gravity potential energy (descending slope). After being classified, the vehicles are gathered on marshalling lines with different group numbers and are sent to respective cargo areas (harbor areas) by shunting locomotives. The train marshalling mode is a common train marshalling mode of a railway marshalling station, has high efficiency, is suitable for disassembly operation and assembly line operation with frequent large traffic volume, and approximately 15-20 min is needed for automatically disassembling a train (60 carriages) from a hump. The simple hump disassembly of the section station for one train (60 carriages) needs 30-40 min. The hump train has the advantages of high requirements of planes and vertical sections of a railway marshalling yard on terrain conditions, large quantity of marshalling lines, large occupied area and large engineering investment due to the fact that railway hump facilities need to be built by utilizing the hump train.
The container train marshalling mode of the second major moving-box non-moving-box train mainly comprises a container ground transfer marshalling operation mode: the railway container ground transfer marshalling operation mode is one individual transfer operation mode specially for railway container freight station. After the container train arrives, the containers are unloaded and landed, then the containers are assembled again according to the direction group number of the container train, the assembly and the re-loading of the containers after landing and assembling are completed in a container yard, and the containers on the train are completely unloaded and landed and stacked, so that the containers are assembled into the assembly vehicle after being assembled to a certain number. Therefore, a large container stacking field is needed, the occupied area is large, the operation efficiency is low, and the logistics speed is low. This method is only used for transit work at railway container stations and not for container hand-over at estuary stations.
In summary, the most common shunting operation method for the plane operation in the prior art has low efficiency and long cargo transfer time. Although the hump sliding operation mode has high efficiency, the hump sliding operation mode needs large yard area and more control equipment, and is mainly used for marshalling stations and large-capacity section stations. The railway loading container vehicles in a cargo area (port area) are fixedly parked in an aligned mode, the container group numbers on the vehicles are randomly arranged, and compared with a storage yard cargo space of the fixed container group numbers, the running distance of part of loading and unloading machines is long, parallel unloading operation of multiple devices is not facilitated, and the loading and unloading operation efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an area is little, equipment is simple and the higher operating system that the molten iron intermodal railway bay station of efficiency unloads to the harbour district storage yard.
The utility model discloses a realize like this:
the utility model provides an operating system that molten iron intermodal railway bay station unloaded to harbour district storage yard, including the railway to the place of departure and with a plurality of harbour districts that the railway corresponds to the place of departure, the railway is provided with at least one to the line of departure, still include with to the flip-chip field of the adjacent setting of line of departure, the flip-chip field be equipped with at least one with to the parallel flip-chip line of departure, flip-chip line and each harbour district UNICOM, the last operation of flip-chip line has a plurality of track power flatcars, railway bay station still is equipped with container handling machines, to the line of departure with the flip-chip line is located the loading and unloading scope of container handling machines.
Furthermore, the container handling machine comprises a plurality of gantry cranes and two traveling rails for the gantry cranes to travel, and the gantry cranes span above the arrival and departure line and the inverted line.
Further, the rail-powered flat car is an automatic power running vehicle provided with a power driving device.
Furthermore, a shunt turnout area is arranged between the inverted installation line and each port area, the shunt turnout area is communicated with the inverted installation line through a railway line, and the shunt turnout area is communicated with each port area through a port area route.
Further, the railway power flat car maintenance line is communicated with the railway line.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the track power flat car is adopted as a transfer carrier, and the transfer marshalling operation containers do not fall to the ground for stacking, so that the railway bay station does not need a container stacking field and only needs to arrange a reverse loading line, the occupied area of the container reverse loading field is small, the land is saved, and the station field is flexibly arranged. The problem that the containers in a railway shunting yard or a railway freight yard need to be arranged for the traditional train disassembly and marshalling, the containers fall to the ground and the stacking occupies a large area is solved.
2. The system can be used for realizing the method that the containers are parallelly inverted to the rail power flat car, and the rail power flat car realizes the operation of disassembling, marshalling, delivering and unloading in the running process of the turnout area instead of the existing operation methods of disassembling, marshalling, delivering and unloading, thereby reducing the operation flow, reducing the area of the harbor bay station, improving the operation efficiency, being suitable for carrying out the disassembly marshalling again on the container train in the railway intermediate station or the harbor bay station with narrow field, and being suitable for carrying out the operation of disassembling, marshalling and delivering the arrived container train by the harbor bay station with a plurality of special line tracks.
3. Because the parallel inverted installation with the same arrangement sequence of the outgoing lines and the inverted lines can be adopted, the number of inverted line strands can be smaller than the number of connected port areas, the route direction of the rail power flat car is determined by the destination group number of the containers, the grouping of the group numbers of the containers can be completed in the route operation, and the problems that part of port station yards are narrow and small and the split grouping station tracks are insufficient are solved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an operation system for unloading from a bay station to a harbor yard of a combined transportation railway for molten iron according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the container inverted and sequenced in front and back according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that the track power flatcar provided by the embodiment of the utility model gets into the switch sequencing along separate routes.
Description of reference numerals: 1-arrival line, 2-inverted line, 3-running rail, 4-container train, 5-track power flat car, 6-gantry crane, 7-machine standby line, 8-railway line, 9-port area route, 10-shunt turnout area and 11-track power flat car overhaul line.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the embodiment of the utility model provides an operating system that molten iron intermodal railway bay station unloads to harbour district storage yard, including the railway arrival field and with a plurality of harbour districts that the railway arrival field corresponds, the railway arrival field is provided with at least one line 1 of arriving at the departure, still include with the flip-chip field to the adjacent setting of line 1 of departure for carry out the transfer of container, the flip-chip field be equipped with at least one with arrive the parallel flip-chip line 2 of line 1 of departure. The inverted line 2 is communicated with each harbor district, a plurality of rail power flat cars 5 run on the inverted line 2, and the rail power flat cars 5 are used for transporting containers from a railway harbor station to each harbor district. The flip-up line 2 is preferably provided in a plurality of strips so that different flip-up lines 2 can be used for carrying containers from a railway harbour station to a harbour area and empty vehicles to a railway harbour station, in order to avoid a meeting. The arrival and departure line 1 and the inverted installation line 2 are both communicated with a machine waiting line 7 of a railway arrival and departure yard, and the container train and the rail power flat car 5 can conveniently switch lines. The railway bay station is also provided with a container handling machine, the departure line 1 and the inverted line 2 are positioned in the handling range of the container handling machine, and the container handling machine is used for inversely installing the container positioned on the departure line 1 on the track power flat car 5 positioned on the inverted line 2. The container train 4 stops on the departure line 1 after arriving at the departure place of the railway, the inverted line 2 stops a row of no-load rail power flat cars 5, all containers are inverted to the adjacent rail power flat cars 5 in parallel through container loading and unloading machines, and the rail power flat cars 5 are transferred to the harbor area for unloading in groups through operation route conversion.
In one embodiment, the container handling machine includes a gantry crane 6 and two traveling rails 3 on which the gantry crane 6 travels, and the gantry crane 6 is arranged to extend over the arrival line 1 and the inverted line 2, so that a container on a train located on the arrival line 1 can be transferred to the rail-powered flat car 5 located on the inverted line 2, and the traveling rails 3 are provided to facilitate the travel of the gantry crane 6, thereby enabling the gantry crane 6 to operate containers at a plurality of positions. Preferably, a plurality of gantry cranes 6 run on two running rails 3, so that a plurality of gantry cranes 6 can simultaneously operate in the process of inverting the container train 4, the inverting time is short, and the efficiency is high.
Preferably, the rail-powered flat car 5 is a vehicle capable of running automatically, and is provided with a power driving device, so that the vehicle can run automatically along the rail, can be driven manually or in an unmanned mode, can reduce manpower when being driven unmanned, and can avoid safety accidents of personnel on site. The rail power flat car 5 is powered by a rail power flat car power network (power supply contact network) to provide a power source for the rail power flat car 5, and certainly, other forms of energy sources can be adopted to provide power for the rail power flat car. The rail-powered flat car 5 can be operated in a single-car operation or in a multi-car reconnection operation.
As shown in fig. 3, further, a shunt switch area 10 is provided between the reverse line 2 and each harbor district, the shunt switch area 10 is communicated with the reverse line 2 through a railway line 8, and the shunt switch area 10 is communicated with each harbor district through a harbor district route 9. The rail power flat cars 5 (car groups) sequentially run to the inlets of branch turnout areas 10 according to the arrangement sequence, the port areas where loaded containers are to arrive are determined according to the box number information of the containers and enter corresponding port area inlet lines 9 through turnouts, the rail power flat cars 5 entering the same port area inlet line 9 are connected into groups at the inlets of the port area inlet lines 9, the grouped rail power flat cars 5 run to the designated port areas along the corresponding port area inlet lines 9, and the containers are unloaded to the designated positions of a yard by yard loading and unloading machines (such as rail gantry cranes). Further preferably, the railway power flat car maintenance line device further comprises a railway power flat car maintenance line 11 communicated with the railway line, and the railway power flat car maintenance line is used for stopping the railway power flat car 5 to be detected, so that the railway power flat car 5 can be conveniently maintained.
This embodiment adopts track power flatcar as the transfer delivery vehicle, and the operation container of transfer marshalling does not fall to the ground the pile, therefore railway bay station need not the container and stacks the place, only need arrange the flip-chip line, and the container flip-chip area is little, saves the land, and the yard arranges in a flexible way. The problem that the containers in a railway shunting yard or a railway freight yard need to be arranged for the traditional train disassembly and marshalling, the containers fall to the ground and the stacking occupies a large area is solved.
The operation system also comprises facilities such as a railway information system, a railway container freight yard management system, a railway signal station interlocking route control system and the like, wherein the railway information system comprises a railway freight information system, a railway train number system, a railway freight ticket information system, a railway confirmed report system, a station present train system and the like, and is used for realizing the communication of all parts of the system and the control of the rail power flat train 5, a container loading and unloading machine and the like.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an operating method of this kind of molten iron combined transport railway bay station to the operating system of harbour district storage yard unloading includes following step:
(1) the container train arrives at a railway departure place and stops on a departure line, a row of no-load track power flat cars stop on an inverted line parallel to the departure line, the number of the no-load track power flat cars stop on the inverted line is larger than or equal to that of the containers on the train, each container is guaranteed to correspond to one track power flat car, all the containers on the train are inverted on the row of track power flat cars in parallel through a container loading and unloading machine, the inverted marshalling sequence is the same as that of the arriving train, and the marshalling sequence is shown in reference to fig. 2. Preferably, the container handling machine comprises a plurality of gantry cranes and two running rails for the gantry cranes to run, the number of the gantry cranes is less than that of all containers on the train, and the containers at any position can be grabbed by moving on the two running rails. A plurality of portal crane moves simultaneously, and the flip-chip time is short, and is efficient.
(2) The track power flat cars sequentially run to a designated port area according to the arrangement sequence, specifically, each track power flat car sequentially runs in the arrangement sequence of the port entering direction, a plurality of track power flat cars which are identical and connected with each other in the track power flat car single car or the unloading port area in front are connected to run to the inlet of the branch turnout area in groups and enter the corresponding port area entering route through the branch turnout area, the track power flat cars or the car groups in back continue to run to the inlet of the branch turnout area and enter another corresponding port area entering route through the branch turnout area, and the subsequent track power flat cars sequentially run to the corresponding port area entering route according to the sequence of the method. Each of the rail-powered flat cars then travels to a designated port area along a port area entry path, specifically, the rail-powered flat cars entering the port area entry path directly travel to the designated port area along the corresponding port area entry path, or all the rail-powered flat cars entering the same port area entry path travel to the designated port area along the corresponding port area entry path after being connected into a group at port area entry paths, as shown in fig. 3.
(3) After the rail-powered flat car reaches the loading and unloading line of the harbor area, the container is unloaded from the rail-powered flat car to a designated position of the harbor area by a yard loading and unloading machine (for example, a rail gantry crane).
(4) And returning the empty rail power flat car to the reverse loading line.
The method adopts a method that the containers are reversely arranged on the rail power flat car in parallel, and the rail power flat car is marshalled and sent to a designated harbor area to unload in the running process to replace the existing operation methods of disintegration, marshalling, car sending and unloading, thereby reducing the operation flow, reducing the field area of harbor station, improving the operation efficiency, being suitable for carrying out the disintegration marshalling on the container train again at the railway intermediate station or harbor station with narrow field, and being suitable for the harbor station with a plurality of special port lines for carrying out the disintegration marshalling and car sending operation on the arriving container train. Because the parallel inverted installation with the same arrangement sequence of the departure line and the inverted installation line is adopted, the number of the inverted installation lines can be smaller than that of the track-connected harbor areas, the route direction of the track power flat car is determined by the purpose group number of the containers, and the grouping of the group numbers of the containers is completed in the operation process, so that the problems that part of harbor station yards are narrow and the disintegration grouping station tracks are insufficient are solved.
The embodiment of the utility model provides an another operation method of this kind of molten iron combined transport railway bay station to the operating system of harbour district storage yard unloading includes following step:
(1) the container train arrives at the railway departure yard and stays on the departure line.
(2) The no-load rail power flat car waits on a rail power flat car waiting line and a machine waiting line, sequentially runs to a specified inverted line and is parallel to a group of containers to be inverted and arrive at the same harbor area according to the container inverted operation plan progress, waits for loading, and inverts a group of containers to arrive at the same harbor area on a train to the corresponding no-load rail power flat car in parallel through a container loading and unloading machine tool, which is shown in figure 2. Preferably, the container handling machine comprises a plurality of gantry cranes and two running rails for the gantry cranes to run, and the container at any position can be grabbed by moving on the two running rails. A plurality of portal crane moves simultaneously, and the flip-chip time is short, and is efficient.
(3) The rail power flat cars sequentially run to the appointed port area according to the arrangement sequence, and specifically, the rail power flat cars which are inverted on the inverted lines are single cars or are connected in groups to carry containers to the appointed port area.
(4) And (4) repeating the steps (2) to (3), and sequentially operating the groups of containers reaching other port areas to the specified port area.
(5) After the rail-powered flat car reaches the loading and unloading line of the harbor area, the container is unloaded from the rail-powered flat car to a designated position of the harbor area by a yard loading and unloading machine (for example, a rail gantry crane).
(6) And then the rail power flat car returns to the inverted field when empty.
The method adopts the method that the containers are reversely arranged on the rail power flat car in parallel according to port area groups, and the rail power flat car is delivered to a designated port area for unloading instead of the existing disassembling, marshalling, car delivery and unloading operation methods, thereby reducing the operation flow, reducing the site area of the port station, improving the operation efficiency, being suitable for re-disassembling and marshalling the container train at a railway intermediate station or the port station with narrow site, and being suitable for disassembling, marshalling and delivering the arriving container train at the port station with a plurality of port special lines for connecting the rails. Because the mode of sequentially grouping and inversing according to port area group numbers is adopted, the heavy vehicle destinations of the rail power flat vehicle are consistent every time, the rail power flat vehicle can run by a single vehicle and can also aggregate reconnection operation, the shunting turnout area is simple to handle approach, and the shunting turnout area is high in passing capacity, so that the efficiency is high.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides an operating system that molten iron combined transport railway bay station arrives harbour district storage yard and unloads, includes that the railway arrives the place and arrives a plurality of harbour districts that the place corresponds with the railway, the railway arrives the place and is provided with at least one and arrives line, its characterized in that: still include with the flip-chip field to the adjacent setting of departure line, the flip-chip field be equipped with at least one with to the parallel flip-chip line of departure line, flip-chip line and each harbour district UNICOM, the operation has a plurality of track power flatcars on the flip-chip line, railway harbour station still is equipped with container handling machines, to the departure line with the flip-chip line is located the loading and unloading scope of container handling machines.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the container handling machine comprises a plurality of gantry cranes and two traveling rails for the gantry cranes to travel, and the gantry cranes span above the arrival and departure line and the inverted line.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: the rail power flat car is an automatic power running vehicle and is provided with a power driving device.
4. The system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises: and shunt turnout areas are arranged between the inverted installation lines and the port areas, communicated with the inverted installation lines through railway lines, and communicated with the port areas through port area inlet lines.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein the system comprises: the railway power flat car maintenance line is communicated with the railway line.
CN201820915856.5U 2018-06-13 2018-06-13 Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron Active CN212268855U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820915856.5U CN212268855U (en) 2018-06-13 2018-06-13 Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820915856.5U CN212268855U (en) 2018-06-13 2018-06-13 Operation system for unloading from bay station to bay area yard of combined transport railway for molten iron

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Effective date of registration: 20210129

Address after: 430074 building E5, phase IV, optical valley software park, 1 Guanshan Avenue, Donghu New Technology Development Zone, Wuhan City, Hubei Province

Patentee after: China Railway Wuhan survey and Design Institute Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Building E5, phase IV, Guanggu Software Park, No.1 Guanshan Avenue, Hongshan District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province

Patentee before: CHINA RAILWAY WUHAN SURVEY AND DESIGN Research Institute