Dust collector is used in rice processing
The utility model relates to a rice processingequipment's technical field specifically is a dust collector is used in rice processing.
The rice is a finished product prepared by rice through the working procedures of cleaning, hulling, rice milling, finishing and the like, contains nearly 64 percent of nutrient substances in the rice and more than 90 percent of nutrient elements required by a human body, is a main food for people in most areas of China, contains about 75 percent of carbohydrate, 7 to 8 percent of protein, 1.3 to 1.8 percent of fat, abundant B vitamins and the like. The carbohydrate in the rice is mainly starch, the contained protein is mainly glutelin, and then glutin and globulin, the biological value of the protein and the composition proportion of amino acid are higher than the cereal crops such as wheat, barley, millet, corn and the like, the digestibility is 66.8-83.1%, and the carbohydrate is also one of the higher cereal proteins; at present, rice can produce a large amount of dust in the processing process, and the workshop environment is seriously influenced by the dust, and the machine is easily blocked, so that the machine is overheated, and if the human body inhales, excessive dust can be caused, and the human health can be influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Not enough to prior art, the utility model provides a dust collector is used in rice processing possesses advantages such as dust removal effect is good, convenient operation, has solved the too much problem of rice dust in the course of working.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a dust removal device for rice processing comprises a shell, wherein a cavity is formed in the shell, a motor is arranged in the cavity, a sealing cover is arranged outside the motor, a throwing disc is arranged at the top of the sealing cover, the top surface of the throwing disc is arranged in a concave manner, the central position of the bottom surface of the throwing disc is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor, a feed hopper is arranged at the top of the shell, an outlet of the feed hopper is positioned right above the throwing disc, dust suction chambers are respectively formed in the inner walls of the two sides of the cavity, a negative pressure fan is fixedly arranged in the dust suction chambers, a filter screen is arranged on one side, close to the throwing disc, of each dust suction chamber, a dust collection opening is formed in the bottom of each dust suction chamber, a dust collection box is arranged at the bottom of the negative pressure fan, the dust collection box is communicated with the dust suction chambers through the dust collection openings, baffles are respectively arranged on the two, and the baffle sets up for the slope, the stripper has all been installed to the inner wall of cavity, the position department that corresponds each baffle, one side that the stripper is close to the baffle is the arc setting, and stripper and baffle are laminated mutually, one side that the baffle was kept away from to the stripper is articulated with the inner wall of cavity, the telescopic link has been installed with the inner wall junction of cavity in the bottom of stripper, the one end of telescopic link and the inner wall fixed connection of cavity, the other end and the stripper of telescopic link are articulated, the spring has been installed to the inside of telescopic link, the conveyer belt has been installed to the bottom of motor, the guide board has been installed to the bottom of stripper, one side and the cavity fixed connection of guide board, the other side of guide board extends the top of conveyer belt and locates fixed connection with the frame of conveyer belt, the guide board sets.
Preferably, the feed hopper is of a conical structure, and the diameter of an upper end opening of the feed hopper is larger than that of a lower end opening of the feed hopper.
Preferably, one side of the sealing cover, which is far away from the sealing cover, is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the cavity, and the throwing disc is of a circular structure.
Preferably, the outer side of the shell and the positions corresponding to the dust collecting boxes are provided with supporting plates, and the dust collecting boxes are fixedly connected with the supporting plates through bolts.
Preferably, the throwing disc is made of steel materials, a check ring is arranged at the bottom of the throwing disc, and two rollers are arranged at the bottom of the check ring.
Preferably, a circular groove is formed in the top of the sealing cover, the roller is inserted into the circular groove, and the height of the retainer ring is larger than the vertical distance between the throwing disc and the sealing cover.
(III) advantageous effects
By adopting the technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. this carry to getting rid of the dish through the rice through the feeder hopper, utilize the motor to drive and get rid of the dish and rotate and form centrifugal force, make the inner chamber is filled to the dust in the rice, utilize negative-pressure air fan to produce the negative pressure at the work of dust absorption intracavity, it piles up to inhale the inside in dust absorption chamber with the dust, get into the inside of dust collection box through the dust collection mouth at last, and the rice then drops to the stripper on, along with rice weight increases, the stripper takes place the slope, the rice just drops to carrying out the device on the conveyer belt under the guide effect of guide board, so just, the dust removal operation has been accomplished, can effectually get rid of the inside accumulated dust of rice, and then optimized rice processing environment, it is healthy to have guaranteed the workman, therefore, the clothes hanger is strong in practicability, compared with the prior art, the too much problem of rice.
2. This hindrance effect through the retaining ring can avoid rice and dust to get into the inside of sealed cowling, and then influences motor work, has improved the life of motor, and the gyro wheel is at the circular slot internal rotation, helps improving the stability of getting rid of the dish, and the practicality is strong, compares with prior art, has solved the problem that dust and rice erode the motor easily.
FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a cavity 2, a motor 3, a throwing disc 4, a feed hopper 5, a dust suction cavity 6, a negative pressure fan 7, a dust collection opening 8, a dust suction box 9, a baffle 10, a discharge plate 11, a telescopic rod 12, a spring 13, a conveyor belt 14, a guide plate 15, a support plate 16, a retainer ring 17, a roller 18, a circular groove 19, a filter screen 20 and a sealing cover 21.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely below with reference to the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: a dust removal device for rice processing comprises a shell 1, a cavity 2 is formed in the shell 1, a motor 3 is arranged in the cavity 2, a sealing cover 21 is arranged outside the motor 3, a throwing disc 4 is arranged at the top of the sealing cover 21, the top surface of the throwing disc 4 is arranged in a concave manner, the central position of the bottom surface of the throwing disc 4 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the motor 3, a feed hopper 5 is arranged at the top of the shell 1, an outlet of the feed hopper 5 is positioned right above the throwing disc 4, so that when a worker pours rice into the feed hopper 5, the rice falls to the top surface of the throwing disc 4 through drainage of the feed hopper 5, the motor 3 is started, the motor 3 drives the throwing disc 4 to rotate, centrifugal force is formed on the rice on the throwing disc 4, the rice is thrown to the inner wall of the cavity 2, dust doped in the rice can fly up in the cavity 2, and the dust can be separated, the dust collection device has the advantages that the preparation work is carried out for dust collection operation, the inner walls of two sides of the cavity 2 are respectively provided with the dust collection cavity 6, the inside of the dust collection cavity 6 is fixedly provided with the negative pressure fan 7, one side of the dust collection cavity 6, which is close to the throwing disc 4, is provided with the filter screen 20, the bottom of the dust collection cavity 6 is provided with the dust collection port 8, the bottom of the negative pressure fan 7 is provided with the dust collection box 9, the dust collection box 9 is communicated with the dust collection cavity 6 through the dust collection port 8, the negative pressure fan 7 is started to work, negative pressure is formed inside the dust collection cavity 6, the cavity 2 is filled with dust, the dust enters the inside of the dust collection cavity 6 under the action of suction force, the filter screen 20 is arranged to prevent rice from entering the inside of the dust collection cavity 6, the dust entering the dust collection cavity 6 can be accumulated in the dust collection cavity 6 and enters the inside of the dust collection box 9 through the dust collection port 8, a part, dust enters the air again and is injured by cleaners, baffles 10 are arranged on two sides of a sealing cover 21, the baffles 10 are welded with the sealing cover 21, the baffles 10 are arranged obliquely, a discharge plate 11 is arranged on the inner wall of a cavity 2 and at a position corresponding to each baffle 10, one side of the discharge plate 11 close to the baffles 10 is arranged in an arc shape, the discharge plate 11 is attached to the baffles 10, one side of the discharge plate 11 far away from the baffles 10 is hinged to the inner wall of the cavity 2, a telescopic rod 12 is arranged at the joint of the bottom of the discharge plate 11 and the inner wall of the cavity 2, one end of the telescopic rod 12 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the cavity 2, the other end of the telescopic rod 12 is hinged to the discharge plate 11, a spring 13 is arranged inside the telescopic rod 12, rice falls to the bottoms of the discharge plate 11 and the baffles 10 due to the effect of a filter screen 20, and the baffles 10 are, spring 13 atress takes place to shrink, telescopic link 12 contracts, stripper 11 takes place the slope, so the rice just gets into on guide board 15 along the gap between stripper 11 and the baffle 10, set up like this simultaneously and can avoid on the dust gets into conveyer belt 14, influence the dust removal effect, conveyer belt 14 has been installed to motor 3's bottom, guide board 15 has been installed to stripper 11's bottom, one side and 2 fixed connection of cavity of guide board 15, another side of guide board 15 extend to conveyer belt 14 the top and with the frame department fixed connection of conveyer belt 14, guide board 15 is the slope setting, utilize the slope setting of guide board 15, the rice can drop to the higher authority of conveyer belt 14 smoothly along guide board 15, then utilize conveyer belt 14 to carry the outside of rice to the device out, avoid manual operation, therefore, the clothes hanger is strong in practicability.
The feed hopper 5 is a conical structure, the opening diameter of the upper end of the feed hopper 5 is larger than that of the lower end of the feed hopper, the feed hopper 5 is welded with the shell 1, the feed hopper 5 cannot shake in the feeding process, and meanwhile, the feed hopper 5 is arranged to be conical to facilitate feeding.
One side that the sealed cowling 21 kept away from the sealed cowling 21 and the inner wall fixed connection of cavity 2 get rid of the dish 4 and be circular structure, so set up the sealing action who utilizes the sealed cowling 21, can protect motor 3.
The outer side of the shell 1 and the positions corresponding to the dust boxes 9 are provided with supporting plates 16, the dust boxes 9 are fixedly connected with the supporting plates 16 through bolts, so that the dust boxes 9 and the supporting plates 16 can be conveniently detached, and dust in the dust boxes 9 can be cleaned.
The throwing disc 4 is made of steel materials, the retainer ring 17 is arranged at the bottom of the throwing disc 4, the two rollers 18 are arranged at the bottom of the retainer ring 17, and rice and dust can be prevented from entering the sealing cover 21 through the blocking effect of the retainer ring 17, so that the work of the motor 3 is influenced, and the service life of the motor 3 is prolonged.
Circular slot 19 has been seted up at the top of sealed cowling 21, and gyro wheel 18 inserts circular slot 19, and retaining ring 17 highly be greater than the vertical distance between getting rid of dish 4 and the sealed cowling 21, and gyro wheel 18 rotates in circular slot 19, helps improving the stability of getting rid of dish 4, and the practicality is strong.
The working principle is as follows: input the rice to getting rid of through feeder hopper 5 on dish 4, motor 3 starts, drives and gets rid of dish 4 and rotates, separates rice and dust, starts negative-pressure air fan 7 and forms the negative pressure, inhales the inside of dust absorption chamber 6 with the dust, and the rice then drops to on stripper 11, along with the weight increase of rice, the shrink of telescopic link 12, the rice drops to guide board 15 along the gap on, carries out the outside to the device through conveyer belt 14 at last.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.