CN212246534U - Mine water purification treatment device - Google Patents

Mine water purification treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212246534U
CN212246534U CN202020407410.9U CN202020407410U CN212246534U CN 212246534 U CN212246534 U CN 212246534U CN 202020407410 U CN202020407410 U CN 202020407410U CN 212246534 U CN212246534 U CN 212246534U
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China
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water
bin
filtering
communicated
filtering material
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020407410.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨廷超
杨星
李国维
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Hydrogeology Team Of Hebei Coalfield Geological Bureau
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Hydrogeology Team Of Hebei Coalfield Geological Bureau
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a mine water purification treatment device. The device comprises a particle separation device, a reaction flocculation device and a filtering backwashing device which are detachable, wherein the three devices are respectively communicated with a filtering water distribution tank through a water inlet water distribution tank. The filtering and backwashing device comprises a purified water bin, a filtering material bin and a bottom bin from top to bottom, wherein the purified water bin is not communicated with the filtering material bin, the filtering material bin is communicated with the bottom bin through a filtering material, and the bottom bin is communicated with the purified water bin through a communicating pipe. The filtering water distribution tank is communicated with the filtering material bin through a U-shaped water seal device, and the upper bent water outlet of the U-shaped water seal device is positioned above the filtering material. An inverted U-shaped backwashing pipe is arranged at the top of the filter material bin, and a vent pipe communicated with the atmosphere is designed at the top of the purified water bin. The device has good water purification and energy saving effects, and the quality of the discharged water reaches the water quality standard of underground fire-fighting and accident water. The device has small floor area and is convenient to move or reuse.

Description

Mine water purification treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model discloses be applied to the sewage treatment field, relate to a well water purification device, be applicable to the purification treatment of mine water, the fire control and the emergency water of mine are applied to the water after the purification.
Background
Mine water is mainly caused by coal mine roadway exposure and goaf collapse wave and underground water sources, and the sources of mine water mainly comprise atmospheric precipitation, surface water, fault water, goaf water and the like. The quality of the mine water is characterized by high suspended matter content and high turbidity, and generally, a medicament is added to improve the precipitation performance of the mine water. In China, water resources are poor, mine water is a precious resource and can be used after purification treatment, and higher environmental benefits, social benefits and economic benefits are brought.
Patent CN106865822A integrated mine water purification system provides a more reasonable mine water purification treatment scheme, and mine water is discharged after being treated to reach the standard, wherein the reaching of the standard refers to reaching the national comprehensive sewage discharge standard, and if the mine water reaches the purpose of drinking water, the mine water is further subjected to advanced treatment such as organic pollutant removal, salt removal and the like. The system structure needs a plurality of water tanks such as a grid reaction flocculation tank, a high-density reverse sedimentation tank, a valveless filter and the like, and the occupied area of the equipment is large.
Patent CN104370407B purification and cyclic utilization system under pit mine water provides a technology process for directly treating and purifying under pit mine, and firstly satisfying comprehensive utilization of underground production water and excess to ground. The equipment comprises a three-stage sedimentation tank and a three-stage stirring tank, the flow of water treatment is long, and the occupied area is large. Especially, when an accident occurs underground, the accident water cannot be supplied.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a technical problem be: the mine water purification treatment equipment integrates reaction, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, back flushing and sludge discharge, has small occupied area and low operation cost, and can realize full-automatic operation. After the mine water is purified, the mine water can reach the standard and be discharged, and can also be used as fire water and mine emergency water.
The utility model adopts the technical proposal that: the mine water purification treatment device comprises a particle separation device, a reaction flocculation device and a filtering backwashing device which are detachable, wherein the particle separation device is communicated with the reaction flocculation device through a water inlet and distribution groove, and the reaction flocculation device is communicated with the filtering backwashing device through a filtering water distribution groove. The filtering backwashing device comprises a purified water bin, a filtering material bin and a bottom bin from top to bottom, the purified water bin on the upper part is separated from the filtering material bin in the middle part and is not communicated with the filtering material bin, the filtering material bin and the bottom bin at the bottom are communicated with a quartz sand filtering material at the bottom of the filtering material bin, and the bottom bin and the purified water bin are communicated by a communicating pipe. The filtering water distribution tank is communicated with the filtering bin through a U-shaped water seal device, and an electric butterfly valve is installed at a water inlet of the U-shaped water seal device. The U-shaped water seal device penetrates through the water purifying bin, the filtering bin and the bottom bin from top to bottom, is bent upwards to enter the filtering bin, and the water outlet is positioned above the filtering material. An inverted U-shaped backwashing pipe is arranged at the top of the filter material bin, and a vent pipe communicated with the atmosphere is designed at the top of the purified water bin.
Furthermore, the middle water inlet of the particle separation device is connected with the pipeline mixer, and the lower part of the particle separation device is designed to be a conical surface and is provided with a sludge discharge port.
Further, the reaction flocculation device comprises a water distribution area, a flocculation reaction area, a curved pipe settling area and a clear water area from bottom to top. The water inlet and distribution tank distributes water uniformly in the water distribution area through the water distribution pipe; a plurality of beams of S-shaped curved tubes are arranged in the curved tube settling area; the flocculation reaction zone and the curved tube settling zone are separated by a perforated plate, and holes of the perforated plate are communicated with a water inlet of the S-shaped curved tube; an overflow port is designed at the upper part of the clear water area.
The utility model has the advantages that: the device has the advantages of automatic water purification system, good energy-saving effect and high water quality, meets the national standard requirements of sewage discharge, and ensures that the water quality of the discharged water reaches the water quality standard of underground fire-fighting and emergency water. The device has low water consumption rate and small occupied area, and is convenient to move or reuse.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the right side view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view taken along line C-C of FIG. 2;
fig. 6 and 7 are schematic diagrams of different placements of the present invention;
wherein: 1-particle separation device, 2-reaction flocculation device, 3-filtration backwashing device, 4-water inlet and distribution tank, 5-filtration distribution tank, 6-pipeline mixer, 7-water distribution pipe, 71-water distribution main pipe, 72-water distribution branch pipe, 8-sludge area, 9-water distribution area, 10-flocculation reaction area, 11-bent pipe settling area, 12-clear water area, 13-perforated plate, 14-clear water bin, 15-filtration bin, 16-bottom bin, 17-U-shaped water sealer, 18-backwashing pipe, 19-overflow port, 20-water outlet, 21-aeration pipe, 22-communicating pipe, 23-electric valve and 24-electric butterfly valve.
Detailed Description
The utility model discloses mine water purification treatment device collects reaction, flocculation, sediment, filtration, back flush, arranges mud in an organic whole, including dismantled and assembled particle separation device 1, reaction flocculation device 2 and filtration back flush unit 3, the three highly reduces gradually, and mine water purification treatment relies on water pressure, does not need power. The structure of the utility model is schematically shown in figure 1, and figure 2 is a right view thereof. The particle separation device 1 is communicated with the reaction flocculation device 2 through a water inlet and distribution tank 4, and the reaction flocculation device 2 is communicated with the filtering backwashing device 3 through a filtering and distribution tank 5.
The particle separating device 1 is used for rapid sedimentation of particles in mine water, and the height of the particle separating device is about six meters, which is an ideal particle separating height. The water inlet at the middle part of the device is connected with a pipeline mixer 6, as shown in figure 2, the pipeline mixer 6 is connected with a purifying flocculation dosing device. The lower part of the particle separating device 1 is designed to be a conical surface and is used for receiving sludge, and the bottom of the particle separating device is provided with a sludge discharge port for discharging sludge. For easy maintenance, a manhole is designed at the lower part of the particle separating device 1.
The mine water added with medicine after the large particles are precipitated, namely the raw medicine added water enters the reaction flocculation device 2 from the water inlet and distribution tank 4, as shown in the attached figure 5. The reaction flocculation device 2 is divided into a sludge zone 8, a water distribution zone 9, a flocculation reaction zone 10, a curved pipe settling zone 11 and a clear water zone 12 from bottom to top, and the arrow in the figure is the water flow direction. The raw medicine-added water enters the water distribution area from the water inlet and distribution tank 4 through the water distribution pipe 7, the water distribution pipe 7 is divided into a main water distribution pipe 71 and branch water distribution pipes 72, and the branch water distribution pipes 72 are microporous perforated pipes and are uniformly distributed in the water distribution area to ensure uniform water distribution, as shown in figure 4. Each micropore water flow is sprayed out at a certain flow velocity, as shown in figure 3, turbulence is generated, so that flocculent sludge in the drug-added raw water is fully contacted with fine alum floc, and then the flocculent sludge upwards enters the flocculation reaction zone 10. The dosing raw water is subjected to coagulation reaction under the adsorption effect of the sludge, and the dosing raw water and the sludge have larger contact area through circulating reflux of the residual sludge, so that the coagulation efficiency of the sludge is improved. Thus, the small alum flowers in the raw water added with the medicine are aggregated into larger alum flowers, and favorable conditions are created for the sedimentation of the curved tube.
The curved pipe settling zone 11 is a plurality of S-shaped curved pipes with the height of 1-1.2 meters and is communicated with the flocculation reaction zone 10 and the clear water zone 12 from top to bottom. And a perforated plate 13 is adopted at the bottom of the curved pipe settling zone 11 for water distribution, so that water flow is uniformly distributed. The holes of the perforated plate 13 correspond to the inlet of the curved pipe and no water is available elsewhere to prevent short-circuiting of the water flow into the clean water zone 12 without passing through the curved pipe. When the dosing raw water flows through the curved pipe, the flow velocity is slow, the curved pipe is adopted to promote water flow to generate turbulent flow, and the contact chance among small particle flocs is increased, so that the small particle flocs become large particle flocs, and the effluent quality is further improved. Meanwhile, large particle flocs precipitate downward and enter the sludge zone 8. After sufficient reaction and precipitation, the raw medicine-added water flows upwards along the curved pipe and enters the clear water area 12. An overflow opening 19 is designed at the upper part of the clean water area 12 and is connected with an overflow pipeline.
In order to ensure the sludge discharging thoroughness of the sludge area, the sludge area is divided into a plurality of sludge chambers by inclined partition plates, and the lower part of each sludge chamber is provided with an electric sludge discharging device. The electric sludge discharge device automatically discharges sludge from small chambers one by one according to a set time program, and the sludge discharge time of each chamber in a sludge area is 1-3 min.
The structure of the filtering and backwashing device 3 is shown in figure 3, and comprises a purified water bin 14, a filter material bin 15 and a bottom bin 16 from top to bottom, wherein the arrow in the figure is the water flow direction. The water purifying bin 14 and the filter material bin 15 are separated by steel plates and are not communicated. The filter material bin 15 and the bottom bin 16 are supported and communicated through filter materials, or the filter material bin 15 and the bottom bin 16 are communicated box bodies, and the filter materials are placed in the middle of the box bodies. The filter storage bins 15 can be designed in one or more, separated from each other according to the processing capacity, as shown in fig. 4.
The filtering water distribution tank 5 is communicated with the filtering material bin 15 for water distribution through three U-shaped water seal devices 17, the U-shaped water seal devices 17 penetrate through three bins, namely a water purifying bin 14, a filtering material bin 15 and a bottom bin 16 from top to bottom and then bend upwards to enter the filtering material bin 15, a water outlet is positioned on a filtering material of the filtering material bin 15, an electric butterfly valve 24 is installed at a water inlet of each U-shaped water seal device 17, the electric butterfly valve 24 is normally opened, and the filtering material is closed during backwashing. An inverted U-shaped backwashing pipe 18 is installed at the top of each filter material bin 15, an electric valve 23 is designed on the outlet of the backwashing pipe 18, the electric valve 23 is normally closed, and the filter material is opened during backwashing. The bottom of the filter bin 15 is provided with graded quartz sand as a filter material.
The bottom bin 16 is positioned at the lower part of the filter material bin 15, is communicated with the filter material bin 15 and is communicated with the purified water bin 14 at the upper part of the filtering and backwashing device 3 through a communicating pipe 22. The top of the purified water bin 14 is provided with a vent pipe 21 which is communicated with the atmosphere, the middle part is provided with a water outlet 20, and the treated purified water is discharged from the water outlet 20.
In the normal water treatment state, the electric valve 23 on the backwashing pipe 18 is closed, and the backwashing pipe 18 is filled with water. Clear water flowing out of the clear water area 12 flows automatically to the filter material bin 15 depending on the water pressure of the filtering and distributing tank 5, is filtered by the filter material and then descends to the bottom bin 16, then rises to the clear water bin 14 through the communicating pipe 22, and is discharged through the water outlet 20. When the filter material needs to be washed in the reverse direction, the electric valve 23 is opened, the electric butterfly valve 24 is closed at the same time, water in the backwashing pipe 18 is discharged, a siphoning effect is generated, water at the upper part of the filter material bin 15 is rapidly discharged, and the filter material bin 15 generates negative pressure. The clean water in the clean water bin 14 flows back through the communicating pipe 22, and is discharged through the backwashing pipe 18 after the filter material is backwashed through the filter material bin 15. Thus, the purified water in the purified water bin 14 quickly backflushes the filter material in the filter material bin 15 under the action of static pressure and atmospheric pressure, thereby improving the filtering function of the filter material. Because the electric butterfly valve 24 is closed, clean water in the filtering and distributing tank 5 cannot enter the filtering material bin 15 through the U-shaped water seal 17, and water discharged by the backwashing pipe 18 is all clean water for backwashing the filtering material from the water purifying bin 14. The back-flushing time interval and the back-flushing time can be set on the PLC, and after the filter materials work for a certain time, the filter material bins 15 are back-flushed one by one, so that the filter materials are kept in a good working state. After the backwashing of one filter material bin is finished, the corresponding electric valve 23 is closed, the electric butterfly valve 24 is opened, the mine water treatment is continuously carried out in the device, and the next filter material bin is backwashed after the water purifying bin 14 is filled with water, so that the backwashing of each filter material bin is ensured to have sufficient water, and the phenomenon that the atmosphere enters the bottom bin 16 to destroy the siphon effect is prevented. Even if the atmosphere enters the filter bin, the corresponding electric butterfly valve 24 and the electric valve 23 can be opened at the same time, and the atmosphere is driven out of the filter bin by using clean water. When the filtering effect of the filtering material is not good, water flows out from the overflow port 19 of the clean water tank, the PLC automatically controls the electric butterfly valve 24 to close, the electric valve 23 to open, and the filtering material is backwashed.
The utility model discloses a granule separator 1, reaction flocculation device 2 and filtration back flush unit 3 all connect through the distributing flume, are suitable for independent manufacturing transportation, field installation, also can put according to the site conditions, are convenient for move or reuse easily. Fig. 6 and 7 are schematic diagrams of different placement according to field conditions.
The utility model is suitable for mine water treatment with inlet water turbidity less than or equal to 3000mg/L, and outlet water turbidity less than or equal to 5mg/L after treatment. The device integrates flocculation, reaction, sedimentation, pollution discharge, back flushing, sludge concentration and water collection and filtration, and automatically discharges sludge and back flushes. The device has good water treatment effect and good effluent quality. Through back flow water back flushing, the water consumption rate is less than 5%, the water recovery rate of the system can reach 98%, the power consumption is saved, the external dimension (width, length and height) of the embodiment is 4600 multiplied by 13600 multiplied by 4150 mm, the occupied area is small, the water flows in the device by means of water pressure, the water and the electricity are saved, and the special management is not needed. Carrying out dry distillation at the treatment water yield of 200 m/h, wherein the effluent quality reaches the water quality standard of underground fire-fighting sprinkler water, SS is less than or equal to 10-30 mg/L, suspended particles are less than 0.3mm, PH is 6.5-8.5, and COD is less than or equal to 50 mg/L.

Claims (3)

1. A mine water purification treatment device is characterized in that: the device comprises a particle separation device (1), a reaction flocculation device (2) and a filtering backwashing device (3), wherein the particle separation device (1) is communicated with the reaction flocculation device (2) through a water inlet and distribution tank (4), and the reaction flocculation device (2) is communicated with the filtering backwashing device (3) through a filtering water distribution tank (5); the filtering backwashing device (3) comprises a purified water bin (14), a filtering material bin (15) and a bottom bin (16) from top to bottom, and the purified water bin (14) and the filtering material bin (15) are separated and not communicated; the filter bin (15) and the bottom bin (16) are communicated through a quartz sand filter material at the bottom of the filter bin (15); the bottom bin (16) is communicated with the purified water bin (14) by a communicating pipe (22); the filtering water distribution tank (5) is communicated with the filtering material bin (15) through a U-shaped water seal device (17), an electric butterfly valve (24) is arranged at a water inlet of the U-shaped water seal device (17), penetrates through the water purifying bin (14), the filtering material bin (15) and the bottom bin (16) from top to bottom, is bent upwards to enter the filtering material bin (15), and a water outlet is positioned above a filtering material; an inverted U-shaped backwashing pipe (18) is arranged at the top of the filter bin (15); the top of the purified water bin (14) is provided with a vent pipe (21) communicated with the atmosphere.
2. The mine water purification treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the middle water inlet of the particle separating device (1) is connected with the pipeline mixer (6), and the lower part of the particle separating device is designed to be a conical surface and is provided with a sludge discharge port.
3. The mine water purification treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the reaction flocculation device (2) comprises a water distribution zone (9), a flocculation reaction zone (10), a curved tube settling zone (11) and a clear water zone (12) from bottom to top; the water inlet and distribution tank (4) is used for uniformly distributing water in a water distribution area through a water distribution pipe (7); the S-shaped curved pipe is arranged in the curved pipe settling area (11); a perforated plate (13) is arranged between the flocculation reaction zone (10) and the curved pipe settling zone (11), and holes of the perforated plate (13) are communicated with a water inlet of the S-shaped curved pipe; an overflow port (19) is designed at the upper part of the clean water area (12).
CN202020407410.9U 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Mine water purification treatment device Expired - Fee Related CN212246534U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020407410.9U CN212246534U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Mine water purification treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020407410.9U CN212246534U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Mine water purification treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212246534U true CN212246534U (en) 2020-12-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020407410.9U Expired - Fee Related CN212246534U (en) 2020-03-26 2020-03-26 Mine water purification treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212246534U (en)

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