CN212212377U - Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats - Google Patents

Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212212377U
CN212212377U CN201922211319.XU CN201922211319U CN212212377U CN 212212377 U CN212212377 U CN 212212377U CN 201922211319 U CN201922211319 U CN 201922211319U CN 212212377 U CN212212377 U CN 212212377U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel wire
pond
foundation
transverse
wire rope
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CN201922211319.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘巧
何阔
诸维
赵柳兰
杨淞
廖磊
梁吉
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a large-area fish culture pond heating shed, which comprises pond foundations surrounding two fish ponds, wherein each pond foundation comprises a middle pond foundation, a transverse pond foundation and a longitudinal pond foundation; a support frame is arranged at the upper part of the middle pond foundation, a longitudinal steel wire rope is distributed above the fishpond, a transverse steel wire rope is arranged at the upper part of the longitudinal steel wire rope, and two ends of the longitudinal steel wire rope and the transverse steel wire rope are respectively fixed on the pond foundation through foundation bolts; the other end of each support frame is fixed with a plurality of diagonal steel wire ropes of a transverse steel wire rope foundation bolt, and the diagonal steel wire ropes reserve an operation channel on one side of the middle pond foundation, which is wider; the transverse steel wire ropes, the longitudinal steel wire ropes and the inclined pull steel wire ropes are criss-crossed to form a tight steel wire mesh, and the upper part of the steel wire mesh is covered with a plastic film fixed with the steel wire mesh. The utility model provides a heat canopy is built and is used the material few, the manufacture process is simple, with low costs, convenient to use, have stronger anti-wind performance, can prolong the breed cycle and improve fish survival rate of surviving the winter, suitable popularization and application.

Description

Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an agricultural cultivation technical field specifically indicates a large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats.
Background
During outdoor fish culture, due to seasonal water temperature changes, in low temperature seasons of autumn and winter, some culture species stop eating food and even die. In order to prolong the fish culture period and ensure smooth overwintering of the fish, the production usually adopts a mode of building a culture pond temperature-increasing shed to achieve the purpose. At present, a temperature-increasing shed for fish culture generally adopts galvanized steel pipes as central and side pile support frames, a steel wire rope group is used as a shed film fixing material, and a cement pile, a steel pipe and a wood pile are built as steel wire rope fixing devices. The existing heating shed is mainly used for small-area intensive culture ponds, side piles and a steel wire rope fixing device are complex in structure, more materials are used, more materials and a large amount of manpower are consumed, the manufacturing cost is high, the wind resistance of the existing heating shed is very limited, and the existing heating shed cannot be applied to large-area intensive culture ponds.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a build with low costs, build the process simple, the service life is long, and wind resistance can be strong, convenient operation's large tracts of land fish culture pond heat-insulating shed.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes: a large-area fish culture pond warming shed comprises pond foundations surrounding two fish ponds, wherein each pond foundation comprises a middle pond foundation arranged between the two fish ponds, a transverse pond foundation parallel to the middle pond foundation and a longitudinal pond foundation vertical to the middle pond foundation;
a support frame parallel to the middle pond foundation is arranged at the upper part of the middle pond foundation, a plurality of longitudinal steel wire ropes arranged at the upper part of the support frame are distributed above the fishpond, a plurality of transverse steel wire ropes are distributed at the upper part of the longitudinal steel wire ropes, and two ends of each longitudinal steel wire rope are respectively fixed on the transverse pond foundations at the upper side and the lower side through foundation bolts; two ends of the transverse steel wire rope are respectively fixed on the longitudinal pond foundations on the front side and the rear side through foundation bolts;
a plurality of diagonal steel wire ropes are arranged at two ends of the support frame, and the other ends of the diagonal steel wire ropes are uniformly fixed on foundation bolts fixed with transverse steel wire ropes; an operation channel is reserved on the wider side of the middle pond foundation by the cable-stayed steel wire rope;
the transverse steel wire ropes, the longitudinal steel wire ropes and the inclined pull steel wire ropes are criss-crossed to form a tight steel wire mesh, and the upper part of the steel wire mesh is covered with a plastic film fixed with the steel wire mesh.
The working principle of the technical scheme is that the culture period of the outdoor fish culture pond in low-temperature seasons from late autumn to early spring in the south can be prolonged and the overwintering survival rate of the fishes is improved by increasing the accumulated temperature of the fish culture pond, so that the production benefit is improved. A single temperature-increasing shed can meet the requirement of 2 adjacent large-area fish culture ponds with the area of 3000-10000m2, and the limitation that the temperature-increasing shed is mainly built on a small fish pond in the prior art is broken through. The temperature-increasing shed does not need side pile support frames, so that the material cost is saved; only the threaded steel bar is used as a fixing device, so that the manufacturing procedure of the traditional fixing device is simplified; the height and the space of the designed central support frame facilitate the in-and-out operation of workers. The central support frame of the temperature-increasing shed is only 2.5-3.0 meters higher than the ground, and the steel wire rope and the plastic shed are gradually lowered from the central support frame to the pond foundation until the steel wire rope and the plastic shed are level to the pond foundation. The building of the heating shed uses less materials, the manufacturing process is simple, the cost is low, and the use is convenient.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, the upper portion of support frame is the horizontal girder steel parallel with a middle part pool base, and the lower part is a plurality of vertical fixation at middle part pool base, and is linear arrangement's steel pipe, and the upper portion welding of horizontal girder steel and every steel pipe to become a complete support frame, the diameter of steel pipe is 10~13cm, and the wall thickness of steel pipe is 2~3 cm.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, the straight line that appears is arranged to the steel pipe of support frame is parallel with middle part pool base, and the straight line that appears is arranged to the steel pipe and the distance of middle part pool base edge is 0.5~0.8m, the width of middle part pool base is 3~5 m.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, the steel pipe height of support frame is 2.5~3.0m, and the interval between the every steel pipe is the same, and the distance of steel pipe between the adjacent is 5~10 m.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, the support frame surface has still coated the paint layer.
In order to better realize the utility model, furthermore, the length of the longitudinal steel wire ropes is 60-100 m, and the distance between every two longitudinal steel wire ropes is the same and is 0.5 m; the length of each transverse steel wire rope is 100-200 m, and the distance between every two transverse steel wire ropes is 0.5-1 m.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, vertical wire rope, horizontal wire rope, draw wire rope's diameter to one side the same, are 1.5~2.0 mm.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, rag bolt upper portion is provided with the crotch, and the lower part is expansion bolts, and the expansion bolts of rag bolt lower part are fixed inside pool base, and horizontal wire rope or cable-stay wire rope are fixed to the crotch on rag bolt upper portion.
For better realization the utility model discloses, furtherly, plastic film passes through the iron wire with the support frame and fixes, and plastic film is colorless transparent plastic film.
For better realization the utility model discloses, further, the pool base comprises concrete or earth.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, following advantage and beneficial effect have:
(1) the utility model provides a novel warming shed for fish culture ponds, which can meet the requirement of 2 adjacent large-area fish culture ponds with the area of 3000 plus 10000m2, breaks through the limitation of mainly building the warming shed on small fish ponds in the prior art, does not need side pile support frames, and saves the material cost;
(2) the utility model simplifies the manufacturing procedure of the traditional fixing device by only using the twisted steel as the fixing device, and the designed height and space of the central support frame facilitate the in-and-out operation of the working personnel;
(3) the central support frame of the heating shed in the utility model is only 2.5-3.0 meters higher than the ground, and the steel wire rope and the plastic shed are gradually reduced from the central support to the pond foundation until the steel wire rope and the plastic shed are level to the pond foundation, so that the design can obviously weaken the resistance of wind and has stronger wind resistance;
(4) the utility model provides a heat canopy builds the material that uses and is few, manufacturing process is simple, with low costs, convenient to use, can prolong the cultivation period in south late autumn to early spring low temperature season outdoor fish culture pond and improve fish survival rate of surviving the winter to improve productivity effect, suitable extensive popularization and application.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent upon reading of the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings:
fig. 1 is a top view of the structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a front view of the structure of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-fishpond, 2-pond foundation, 21-middle pond foundation, 22-transverse pond foundation, 23-longitudinal pond foundation, 3-support frame, 41-longitudinal steel wire rope, 42-transverse steel wire rope, 43-diagonal steel wire rope, 5-foundation bolt and 6-plastic film.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience of description and for simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
It should be understood broadly that they may be, for example, fixedly attached, removably attached, or integrally attached; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1:
the main structure of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, comprises a pond foundation 2 surrounding two fish ponds 1, wherein the pond foundation 2 comprises a middle pond foundation 21 arranged between the two fish ponds 1, a transverse pond foundation 22 parallel to the middle pond foundation 21, and a longitudinal pond foundation 23 perpendicular to the middle pond foundation 21;
the upper part of the middle pond foundation 21 is provided with a support frame 3 parallel to the middle pond foundation, a plurality of longitudinal steel wire ropes 41 arranged on the upper part of the support frame 3 are distributed above the fishpond 1, a plurality of transverse steel wire ropes 42 are distributed on the upper parts of the longitudinal steel wire ropes 41, and two ends of each longitudinal steel wire rope 41 are respectively fixed on the transverse pond foundations 22 on the upper side and the lower side through foundation bolts 5; two ends of the transverse steel wire rope 42 are respectively fixed on the longitudinal pond foundations 23 on the front side and the rear side through foundation bolts 5;
a plurality of diagonal steel wire ropes 43 are arranged at two ends of the support frame 3, and the other ends of the diagonal steel wire ropes 43 are uniformly fixed on foundation bolts 5 fixed with transverse steel wire ropes 42; an operation channel is reserved on the wider side of the middle pond foundation 21 by the inclined steel wire rope 43;
the transverse steel wire ropes 42, the longitudinal steel wire ropes 41 and the inclined pull steel wire ropes 43 are crisscrossed to form a tight steel wire mesh, and the upper part of the steel wire mesh is covered with a plastic film 6 fixed with the steel wire mesh.
Example 2:
on the basis of the above embodiment, the structure of the support frame 3 is further defined in this embodiment, the upper portion of the support frame 3 is a transverse steel beam parallel to the middle pond foundation 21, the lower portion of the support frame is a plurality of steel pipes which are vertically fixed to the middle pond foundation 21 and are arranged in a straight line, the transverse steel beam is welded to the upper portion of each steel pipe, so that the complete support frame 3 is formed, the diameter of each steel pipe is 10-13 cm, and the wall thickness of each steel pipe is 2-3 cm. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 3:
in the present embodiment, the structure of the support frame 3 is further defined on the basis of the above embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the straight line of the steel pipe arrangement of the support frame 3 is parallel to the middle pond foundation 21, the distance between the straight line of the steel pipe arrangement and the edge of the middle pond foundation 21 is 0.5-0.8 m, and the width of the middle pond foundation 21 is 3-5 m. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 4:
on the basis of the above embodiment, the structure of the support frame 3 is further limited, the height of the steel pipes of the support frame 3 is 2.5-3.0 m, the distance between every two adjacent steel pipes is the same, and the distance between every two adjacent steel pipes is 5-10 m. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 5:
the present embodiment further defines the structure of the support frame 3 on the basis of the above embodiments, and the surface of the support frame 3 is further coated with a paint layer. Because steam is heavier around the fish pond, support frame 3 generally uses for iron pipe or steel pipe, is easily corroded by steam and rusts, in order to prolong the life-span of support frame 3, consequently coats the paint layer on its surface, avoids it to rust. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 6:
on the basis of the above embodiment, the length and the interval of the longitudinal steel wire ropes 41 and the transverse steel wire ropes 42 are further limited, the length of the longitudinal steel wire ropes 41 is 60-100 m, and the intervals of the longitudinal steel wire ropes 41 are the same and are 0.5 m; the length of the transverse steel wire ropes 42 is 100-200 m, and the distance between every two transverse steel wire ropes 42 is 0.5-1 m. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 7:
in this embodiment, on the basis of the above embodiments, the diameters of the steel wire ropes are further limited, and the diameters of the longitudinal steel wire rope 41, the transverse steel wire rope 42, and the diagonal steel wire rope 43 are the same and are all 1.5-2.0 mm. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 8:
in the present embodiment, the structure of the anchor bolt 5 is further limited on the basis of the above embodiments, as shown in fig. 2, a hook is arranged on the upper portion of the anchor bolt 5, an expansion bolt is arranged on the lower portion of the anchor bolt 5, the expansion bolt on the lower portion of the anchor bolt 5 is fixed inside the pond foundation 2, and the hook on the upper portion of the anchor bolt 5 fixes the longitudinal steel wire rope 41 or the transverse steel wire rope 42 or the diagonal steel wire rope 43. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 9:
in this embodiment, on the basis of the above embodiments, the plastic film 6 is further defined, the plastic film 6 is fixed to the support frame 3 by iron wires, and the plastic film 6 is a colorless and transparent plastic film. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
Example 10:
in the embodiment, on the basis of the above embodiment, the material of the pond foundation 2 is further limited, and the pond foundation 2 is made of concrete or soil. Other parts of this embodiment are the same as those of the above embodiment, and are not described again.
It is understood that the working principle and working process of the large-area fish-farming pond heating shed structure according to one embodiment of the present invention, such as the anchor bolts 5 and the plastic film 6, are well known in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
While embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A large-area fish culture pond warming shed is characterized by comprising a pond foundation (2) surrounding two fish ponds (1), wherein the pond foundation (2) comprises a middle pond foundation (21) arranged between the two fish ponds (1), a transverse pond foundation (22) parallel to the middle pond foundation (21), and a longitudinal pond foundation (23) vertical to the middle pond foundation (21);
the upper part of the middle pond foundation (21) is provided with a support frame (3) parallel to the middle pond foundation, a plurality of longitudinal steel wire ropes (41) arranged on the upper part of the support frame (3) are distributed above the fishpond (1), a plurality of transverse steel wire ropes (42) are distributed on the upper part of the longitudinal steel wire ropes (41), and two ends of each longitudinal steel wire rope (41) are respectively fixed on the transverse pond foundations (22) on the upper and lower sides through foundation bolts (5); two ends of a transverse steel wire rope (42) are respectively fixed on the longitudinal pond foundations (23) on the front side and the rear side through foundation bolts (5);
a plurality of cable-stayed steel wire ropes (43) are arranged at two ends of the support frame (3), and the other ends of the cable-stayed steel wire ropes (43) are uniformly fixed on foundation bolts (5) fixed with transverse steel wire ropes (42); an operation channel is reserved on the wider side of the middle pond foundation (21) by the inclined steel wire rope (43);
the transverse steel wire ropes (42), the longitudinal steel wire ropes (41) and the inclined pull steel wire ropes (43) are criss-crossed to form a tightened steel wire mesh, and the upper part of the steel wire mesh is covered with a plastic film (6) fixed with the steel wire mesh.
2. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upper part of the supporting frame (3) is a transverse steel beam parallel to the middle pond foundation (21), the lower part of the supporting frame is a plurality of steel pipes which are vertically fixed on the middle pond foundation (21) and are arranged in a straight line, the transverse steel beam is welded with the upper part of each steel pipe, so as to form a complete supporting frame (3), the diameter of each steel pipe is 10-13 cm, and the thickness of each steel pipe is 2-3 cm.
3. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in claim 2, wherein the straight line of the steel tube arrangement of the support frame (3) is parallel to the middle pond foundation (21), the distance between the straight line of the steel tube arrangement and the edge of the middle pond foundation (21) is 0.5-0.8 m, and the width of the middle pond foundation (21) is 3-5 m.
4. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in claim 3, wherein the height of the steel pipes of the support frame (3) is 2.5-3.0 m, the distance between every two steel pipes is the same, and the distance between every two adjacent steel pipes is 5-10 m.
5. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in claim 4, wherein the surface of the supporting frame (3) is further coated with a paint layer.
6. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the length of the longitudinal steel wire ropes (41) is 60 to 100m, and the distance between each longitudinal steel wire rope (41) is the same and is 0.5 m; the length of the transverse steel wire ropes (42) is 100-200 m, and the distance between every two transverse steel wire ropes (42) is 0.5-1 m.
7. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the diameters of the longitudinal steel wire rope (41), the transverse steel wire rope (42) and the diagonal steel wire rope (43) are the same and are all 1.5-2.0 mm.
8. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a hook is arranged at the upper part of the anchor bolt (5), an expansion bolt is arranged at the lower part of the anchor bolt (5), the expansion bolt at the lower part of the anchor bolt (5) is fixed in the pond foundation (2), and the hook at the upper part of the anchor bolt (5) is used for fixing a longitudinal steel wire rope (41) or a transverse steel wire rope (42) or a diagonal steel wire rope (43).
9. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the plastic film (6) and the supporting frame (3) are fixed through iron wires, and the plastic film (6) is a colorless and transparent plastic film.
10. The large-area fish culture pond warming shed as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the pond foundation (2) is made of concrete or earth.
CN201922211319.XU 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats Active CN212212377U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922211319.XU CN212212377U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922211319.XU CN212212377U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212212377U true CN212212377U (en) 2020-12-25

Family

ID=73901032

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922211319.XU Active CN212212377U (en) 2019-12-11 2019-12-11 Large tracts of land fish culture pond canopy that heats

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212212377U (en)

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