CN212152985U - Integrated barrier-free urban overpass - Google Patents

Integrated barrier-free urban overpass Download PDF

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CN212152985U
CN212152985U CN201922177522.XU CN201922177522U CN212152985U CN 212152985 U CN212152985 U CN 212152985U CN 201922177522 U CN201922177522 U CN 201922177522U CN 212152985 U CN212152985 U CN 212152985U
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main road
ground floor
lane
cross
floor part
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易晓林
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    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an integrated form accessible city overpass, including ground floor part, ground floor part and overground part, ground floor part includes crossed cross main road, cross main road center is equipped with the cross clearance the same with its direction of setting up, ground floor part sets up in the cross clearance in ground floor part, ground floor part erects in cross main road upper portion, the utility model discloses the structure can alleviate even thoroughly solve a great deal of difficult problem of current urban traffic under the extremely low cost minimum occupation of land condition, reliably realizes the separation of people and vehicles, realizes the green trip of pedestrian, non-motor, stops the road and hinders people's traffic accident; the overpass arranged in a layered manner can ensure that the motor vehicles can pass through the crossroad in a layered manner at the most reasonable and high efficiency, and the conflict and the interweaving are reduced in an optimized manner; the vehicle in the overpass basically has no stop in the whole process, only has a small amount of deceleration actions, and can effectively reduce emission and improve air quality.

Description

Integrated barrier-free urban overpass
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an overpass technical field specifically indicates an integrated form accessible city overpass.
Background
Along with the development of cities, the increase of population and motor vehicles greatly exceeds the speed of traffic construction, traffic jam phenomenon occurs in large areas in large cities and in middle and small cities at present, and people and vehicles are mixed, particularly, the traffic base of the middle and small cities is weak, the traffic accident rate of injured people is higher and higher, and the traffic accident rate tends to be accelerated and worsened, so that not only people feel inconvenient to go out, but also people flow and logistics efficiency of the whole city are seriously influenced, the city management image is tired, and the happiness and satisfaction of people are reduced.
The existing urban traffic improvement method basically belongs to a coping type headache and foot pain treatment method, urban traffic is not organically combined with policies of urban development, national advocation of green travel and the like, systematic design and transformation are carried out as a whole, the effect can only be temporary and permanent, one problem is solved, more problems are solved, and only the problem is solved, the long-term is not considered, and the coping is often too long and the rebuilding is carried out. For example, the traditional overpass with space for changing time has the disadvantages that the construction is very high, the floor space limitation is large, the cost is high, and the intersection traffic problems of pedestrians and non-motor vehicles cannot be solved in a humanized manner due to the fact that all vehicles can pass through the overpass at the same time; the intersection traffic light system with space changed in time completely solves the traffic problem by artificially manufacturing congestion, and the congestion is aggravated as the pedestrian flow and the traffic flow are increased, and no effective way for relieving traffic police is provided for increasing; the traditional roundabout is normal when the traffic flow is less, and once the traffic flow is excessive, a super large traffic jam point is formed because vehicles in almost all directions enter the roundabout; the pedestrian overpass for crossing the street needs to be built with high cost considering the passing of the big car, so that the pedestrian climbs high, the non-motor vehicles cannot ride normally, and the pedestrian overpass is not humanized, particularly, the non-motor vehicles often have no special lanes, the driving danger of the non-motor vehicles and the driving danger of the cars on the same lane are very different, green traveling is difficult, and the pedestrian overpass cannot obtain a balanced and satisfactory result in time and space of urban traffic, construction cost, expanded function, green traveling and the like.
Therefore, a set of urban traffic systematization change design scheme which is more reasonable, efficient, balanced, greener, lower in cost and expandable is urgent to be researched.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a technical scheme does: the utility model provides an accessible city overpass of integrated form, includes ground floor portion, ground floor portion and overground layer portion, ground floor portion is including criss-cross main road, cross main road center is equipped with rather than setting up the cross clearance that the direction is the same, the ground floor portion sets up in the cross clearance in ground floor portion, cross main road upper portion is erect to ground floor portion, ground floor portion is including setting up the rotary island structure directly over cross main road center, rotary island structure is through the cross main road intercommunication of passageway and ground floor portion on the support of upper surface for inclined pavement.
As an improvement, the cross-shaped main road is first main road, second main road, third main road, fourth main road along clockwise in proper order, the underground part includes along the sunken formula passageway of the first layer that second main road to fourth main road direction set up and along the sunken formula passageway of the second layer that first main road to third main road direction set up, first main road, third main road are close to the one end of rotary island structure and are equipped with the connection bridge one that communicates second main road, fourth main road respectively, erect the connection bridge two that connects first main road, third main road between the connection bridge one.
As an improvement, two ends of the first layer of sunken channel are respectively positioned on the same horizontal plane with the second main channel and the fourth main channel, are gradually inclined downwards from two ends to the middle part and penetrate through the lower part of the second connecting bridge, two ends of the second layer of sunken channel are respectively positioned on the same horizontal plane with the first main channel and the third main channel, are gradually inclined downwards from two ends to the middle part and penetrate through the lower parts of the first connecting bridge and the first layer of sunken channel.
As a refinement, the distance between the rotary island structure and the ground layer part is 2.5 m.
As a refinement, the distance between the second layer of sunken channels and the first layer of sunken channels and the distance between the first layer of sunken channels and the second connecting bridge are 2.5 m.
As an improvement, roundabout structure surface is equipped with three at least rings of lanes, including inner circle lane, centre circle lane, the outer lane that sets gradually from inside to outside, the inner circle lane is the bus lane, the centre circle is for going into ring left-turn lane and cart through lane, the outer lane is including setting up in the annular passage of roundabout structure outermost lane and connecting the trunk and supporting the terminal semi-annular passageway of passageway for turning round lane and the right-turn lane of not going into the ring.
As an improvement, a bus station corresponding to the four-way cross-shaped main road is arranged in the inner lane, and the bus station is connected with the second connecting bridge through the barrier-free pedestrian ladder.
As an improvement, the first connecting bridge is a plane bridge which is positioned on the same horizontal plane with the first main road and the third main road, and the second connecting bridge is an arch bridge.
After the structure more than adopting, the utility model has the advantages of as follows: the structure of the utility model can ease or even thoroughly solve a plurality of problems of the existing urban traffic under the condition of extremely low cost and extremely small land occupation, reliably realize the separation of people and vehicles, realize the green trip of pedestrians and non-motor vehicles, and stop the traffic accidents of hurting people on roads; the motor vehicles can be classified and split into layers most reasonably through the overpasses arranged in layers, so that the motor vehicles can pass through the crossroads efficiently, and conflicts and interweaving are reduced in an optimized mode; the upper-layer bridge bus station part can enable pedestrians to realize seamless transfer and barrier-free access in all directions, and can most efficiently deal with unbalanced pedestrian flow in all time periods and road sections, so that public traffic resources are effectively utilized to the maximum extent; by matching turning around and steering of a plurality of overpasses, progressive automatic compensation of traffic interruption can be realized, and the influence of various accidents, construction and the like on traffic can be reduced to the maximum extent; the vehicle in the overpass basically has no stop in the whole process, only has a small amount of deceleration actions, and can effectively reduce emission and improve air quality; the arrangement of the bus station on the bridge fully utilizes the space occupied by the bridge, skillfully realizes the four-way seamless transfer of the same space, liberates the road surface of the original trunk road platform, and avoids the difficulty and risk that the bus station needs to cross the road after getting off.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an integrated barrier-free urban overpass of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of an integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a ground floor portion in an integrated barrier-free urban overpass.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a underground part in an integrated barrier-free urban overpass.
Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the integrated barrier-free urban overpass trolley of the utility model in straight movement.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the integrated barrier-free urban overpass during straight driving.
Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the integrated barrier-free urban overpass vehicle turning around.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of the integrated barrier-free urban overpass during right-turn.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the integrated barrier-free urban overpass bus parking.
Fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of the barrier-free passage of pedestrians in the integrated barrier-free urban overpass of the present invention.
As shown in the figure: 1. the underground part, 1.1, the first layer of sunken type channel, 1.2, the second layer of sunken type channel, 2, the ground layer part, 2.1, the first main road, 2.2, the second main road, 2.3, the third main road, 2.4, the fourth main road, 3, the overground part, 3.1, the roundabout structure, 3.1a, the inner ring lane, 3.1b, the middle ring lane, 3.1c, the outer ring lane, 3.2, the support upper channel, 4, the first connecting bridge, 5, the second connecting bridge, 6, the accessible pedestrian ladder, 7, the bus station.
Detailed Description
Combine the attached drawing, an integrated form accessible city overpass, including stratum basale part 1, ground floor part 2 and ground floor part 3, ground floor part 2 includes criss-cross main road, cross main road center is equipped with rather than setting up the cross clearance that the direction is the same, stratum basale part 1 sets up in the cross clearance in ground floor part 2, ground floor part 3 erects in cross main road upper portion, ground floor part 3 is including setting up the rotary island structure 3.1 directly over the cross main road center, rotary island structure 3.1 is through the cross main road intercommunication of passageway 3.2 and ground floor part 2 on the support of upper surface for the inclined pavement.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, the cross-shaped main road is sequentially a first main road 2.1, a second main road 2.2, a third main road 2.3, and a fourth main road 2.4 along a clockwise direction, the underground layer 1 portion includes a first layer of sunken channels 1.1 disposed along the directions of the second main road 2.2 to the fourth main road 2.4 and a second layer of sunken channels 1.2 disposed along the directions of the first main road 2.1 to the third main road 2.3, one ends of the first main road 2.1 and the third main road 2.3 close to the roundabout structure 3.1 are respectively provided with a first connecting bridge 4 communicating the second main road 2.2 and the fourth main road 2.4, and a second connecting bridge 5 connecting the first main road 2.1 and the third main road 2.3 is erected between the first connecting bridges 4.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, both ends of the first layer of sunken channels 1.1 are respectively located at the same horizontal plane with the second main channel 2.2 and the fourth main channel 2.4, and are gradually inclined downwards from both ends to the middle part and pass through from the lower part of the connecting bridge second 5, and both ends of the second layer of sunken channels 1.2 are respectively located at the same horizontal plane with the first main channel 2.1 and the third main channel 2.3, and are gradually inclined downwards from both ends to the middle part and pass through from the connecting bridge first 4 and the lower part of the first layer of sunken channels 1.1.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, the distance between the rotary island structure 3.1 and the ground floor segment 2 is 2.5 m.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, the distance between the second-layer sunken channel 1.2 and the first-layer sunken channel 1.1 and the distance between the first-layer sunken channel 1.1 and the connecting bridge two 5 are 2.5 m.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, the surface of the roundabout structure 3.1 is provided with at least three circles of lanes, including an inner lane 3.1a, a middle lane 3.1b, and an outer lane 3.1c, which are sequentially arranged from inside to outside, where the inner lane 3.1a is a bus lane, the middle lane 3.1b is a turn-left lane and a straight-going lane, and the outer lane 3.1c includes an annular channel arranged at the outermost lane of the roundabout structure 3.1 and a semi-annular channel connected to the trunk and supporting the end of the upper channel 3.2, and is used for a turn-around lane and a turn-right lane which do not enter the roundabout.
As a preferred embodiment of the present embodiment, a bus station 7 corresponding to the four-way cross-shaped trunk road is arranged in the inner lane 3.1a, and the bus station 7 is connected with the second connecting bridge 5 through an obstacle-free pedestrian ladder 6.
As a preferred embodiment of this embodiment, the first connecting bridge 4 is a planar bridge located on the same horizontal plane as the first main road 2.1 and the third main road 2.2, and the second connecting bridge 5 is an arched bridge.
The specific use method of the overpass of the utility model is as follows:
the driving method for entering the overpass from the first main road 2.1, the second main road 2.2, the third main road 2.3 and the fourth main road 2.4 is the same, and the driving method for entering the overpass from the first main road 2.1 is as follows:
the vehicle is driven straight: vehicles below 2.5m pass through the second layer of sunken channels 1.2 to move straight through the height limiting device; the large-scale vehicle with the length of more than 2.5m enters the middle lane 3.1b of the roundabout structure 3 from the upper supporting channel 3.2 and is driven out of the roundabout structure from the upper supporting channel 3.2 on the third main road 2.3 in a straight line;
turning the vehicle around: the vehicle drives into the roundabout structure from the upper supporting channel 3.2 and turns left from the semiannular channel at the outermost circle of the lane 3.1c at the outer circle of the roundabout structure and drives out of the roundabout structure from the upper supporting channel 3.2 to complete turning around;
and (3) turning the vehicle right: the vehicle drives into the roundabout structure from the upper supporting channel 3.2 and turns right from the outer lane 3.1c of the roundabout structure;
bus: the bus stops through a bus station 7 arranged on an inner ring lane 3.1a of the roundabout structure, passengers go down to a connecting bridge II 5 through a barrier-free pedestrian ladder 6 to finish barrier-free passing, a single bus line runs straight without turning, and turning is realized by transfer;
the pedestrian is accessible: the pedestrian passes through the accessible of connecting bridge 4, connecting bridge two 5 that set up between first main road 2.1, second main road 2.2, third main road 2.3, the fourth main road 2.4 and accomplishes four directions and passes to accessible and the accessible is connected accessible and is accomplished the accessible and is passed between main road and the bus station 7 with accessible barrier-free pedestrian's ladder 6 that is connected of connecting bridge two 5.
When the utility model is implemented, the pedestrians, the non-motor vehicles and the motor vehicles can completely pass through the underground part, the ground part and the overground part which are arranged in a layered way without barrier isolation; the underground part and the upper ground part are matched with the 2.5M height limit rod, so that the downward-penetrating sunken tunnel and the roundabout structure realize the separation and passage of the straight-driving vehicle and the turning vehicle and the separation and passage of the large-sized vehicle and the small-sized vehicle; the non-loop non-interweaving U-turn and right-turn traffic are realized by combining with at least three lane hollow rotary island structures on the bridge floor of the overground part; a small number of left-turn cars and large-sized cars (including all buses) which are separated from the straight movement of the underground part pass through the most suitable roundabout, an inner ring lane is arranged in the roundabout structure, the inner ring lane is a four-way bus station plus a bus special lane on a bridge, a ground bus is arranged in the inner ring lane of the roundabout structure and is combined with a connecting bridge II through a barrier-free pedestrian ladder, the same-ring seamless transfer in four directions is realized, and the vehicles in any direction can pass through roads in any direction without barriers; in addition, according to the specific planning of the city, according to the actual conditions of the financial development of the city and the like, the overpass structure can be integrated with a ground bus, an overground suspended light air rail bus, an underground subway for planning and the like, so that high-speed traffic is realized; in addition, by planning and adjusting the main road and the city, public facilities such as road lighting and road isolation barriers, public toilets, pipe network pre-embedding, public rain sheltering, activities, newspaper barriers, advertising barriers and the like can be set, and the space of the overpass is fully utilized; the full-city planning overpass group can realize no traffic lights in the full city and no traffic police at the intersection by matching with bidirectional full-course isolation.
The present invention and the embodiments thereof have been described above, but the description is not limited thereto, and the embodiment shown in the drawings is only one of the embodiments of the present invention, and the actual structure is not limited thereto. In summary, those skilled in the art should understand that they should not be limited to the embodiments described above, and that they can design the similar structure and embodiments without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an accessible city overpass of integrated form, its characterized in that, includes ground floor part, ground floor part and overground part, ground floor part is including criss-cross main road, cross main road center is equipped with rather than setting up the cross clearance that the direction is the same, the ground floor part sets up in the cross clearance in ground floor part, cross main road upper portion is erect in the ground floor part, the ground floor part is including setting up the roundabout structure directly over cross main road center, the roundabout structure is through the upper surface for the support upper shed of inclined pavement and ground floor part's cross main road intercommunication.
2. The integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 1, wherein the cross-shaped main road comprises a first main road, a second main road, a third main road and a fourth main road in sequence along a clockwise direction, the underground part comprises a first layer of sunken type channels arranged along the direction from the second main road to the fourth main road and a second layer of sunken type channels arranged along the direction from the first main road to the third main road, one ends of the first main road and the third main road close to the ring island structure are respectively provided with a first connecting bridge for communicating the second main road and the fourth main road, and a second connecting bridge for connecting the first main road and the third main road is erected between the first connecting bridges.
3. An integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 2, wherein the two ends of the first layer of sunken type channels are respectively located at the same level with the second main road and the fourth main road, and are gradually inclined downwards from the two ends to the middle part and pass through the second lower part of the connecting bridge, and the two ends of the second layer of sunken type channels are respectively located at the same level with the first main road and the third main road, and are gradually inclined downwards from the two ends to the middle part and pass through the first lower part of the connecting bridge and the first lower part of the sunken type channels.
4. The integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 1, wherein the distance between the roundabout structure and the ground floor part is 2.5 m.
5. An integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 2, wherein the distance between the second layer of sunken tunnels and the first layer of sunken tunnels and the distance between the first layer of sunken tunnels and the second connecting bridge are 2.5 m.
6. The integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 1, wherein the roundabout structure surface is provided with at least three circles of lanes, comprising an inner circle lane, a middle circle lane and an outer circle lane which are sequentially arranged from inside to outside, the inner circle lane is a bus lane, the middle circle lane is a roundabout left-turn lane and a main straight lane, the outer circle lane comprises an annular channel arranged at the outermost circle of the roundabout structure and a semi-annular channel connected with a main road and supporting the tail end of the upper channel, and the semi-annular channel is used for a non-roundabout turn-around lane and a non-roundabout right-turn lane.
7. The integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 6, wherein a bus station corresponding to the four-way cross-shaped trunk road is arranged in the inner lane, and the bus station is connected with the second connecting bridge through a barrier-free pedestrian ladder.
8. The integrated barrier-free urban overpass according to claim 2, wherein the first connecting bridge is a planar bridge at the same level as the first main road and the third main road, and the second connecting bridge is an arched bridge.
CN201922177522.XU 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 Integrated barrier-free urban overpass Active CN212152985U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110924253A (en) * 2019-12-07 2020-03-27 易晓林 Integrated barrier-free urban overpass

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110924253A (en) * 2019-12-07 2020-03-27 易晓林 Integrated barrier-free urban overpass

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